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Last updated: July 9, 2017.

Charles Hoy Fort's Notes


1821 to 1830


1821:


1821 / (Fr) / dept of the Meuse / Frogs and toads after violent storm / Magasin Pittoresque 4/371. [I; 841. "Sur les Pluies de Crapauds." Magasin Pittoresque, 4 (1836): 370-371.]


1821 / Fish / Lorn / Argyleshire / J. F. Inst 4/47. * [I; 842. "Notices of some Showers of Fishes, in various places in Scotland; and of Shells in Ireland." Journal of the Franklin Institute, 4 (1827): 47-48. Smith, Colin. "Shower of Fishes in Argylshire." Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 1 (1826): 186-187.]


1821 / New Hampshire / Tornado / B Eagle, 1896, Oct. 25-22-3. [I; 843. "Old Times Storms." Brooklyn Eagle, October 25, 1896, p. 22 c. 3-4.]


1821 Jan 6 / See Dec. / Shocks / Zante / in Gulf of Corinth, a tidal wave, carrying away houses / BA 54. [I; 844. Mallet, 131. Milne, 701.]


1821 Jan 18 / Valparaiso, Chile / q. / I [small / BA 1911]. [I; 845. Milne, 701.]


1821 Feb 4-7 / Luminous spot on dark spot of moon by Capt. Kater / in Aristarchus / like a small star / ap and disap / An Reg 1821/687. [I; 846. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 63 (1821):  pt. 2, 687-688, cv. "Volcanic Appearance in the Moon."]


1821 Feb 5 / Dr. Olbers, of Bremen—saw the luminosity that was seen by Capt. Kater in or near Aristarchus. Equal to star of 6th magnitude / Mem. R. A. S. 1/156 / on dark part. [I; 847. Olbers, Heinrich Wilhelm Matthias. "On the Comet discovered in the Constellation Pegasus in 1821: and on the luminous appearance observed on the dark side of the Moon on February 5, 1821." Memoirs of the Royal Astronomical Society, 1 (1822): 156-158.]


1821 Feb 12 / q. / China / I [light] / BA '11. [I; 848. Milne, 701.]


1821 Feb 12 / Breslau / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 849. Greg, 67.]


1821 Feb 27—etc. / Isle of Bourbon / A. Reg. 1821-117 / volc / March q especial / in April / (Reunion Island). [I; 850. "Chronicle."  Annual Register, 63 (1821):  pt. 2, 117-118, cv. "Volcano." "Volcano in the Isle of Bourbon." Philosophical Magazine, 58 (September, 1821): 222-223. The Piton de la Fournaise volcano on Réunion island.]


1821 end of Feb. / Volc / Kamtschatka / BA 54. [I; 851, Mallet, 132. The Klyuchevskaya Sopka volcano.]


1821 March 1 / Comet seen first (by Mr. X) in Pegasus / LT, March 7-3-c. [I; 852. "The New Comet." London Times, March 7, 1821, p. 3 c. 3. The particulars of this comet provided by John Bird, the astronomical lecturer, of Eton, states: "I think it will be visible longer than the former ["the comet of 1819";  ]; in a few nights its course may be seen by the star Algenib; it can be seen from every part of the northern hemisphere, and the greatest part of the southern, as it is near the Equator." The Nicollet-Pons comet, (C/1821 B1), would disappear into the Sun's glare and from view in the northern hemisphere on March 10, and was seen in the southern hemisphere at Chile, Australia, and St. Helena, until May 2, 1821. This comet was independently discovered by Joseph Nicolas Nicollet and by Jean-Louis Pons on January 21, 1821.]


1821 March 5 / Metite and q? / Pomerania / Ac to several catalogues, stone fell during a q. / In BA, 60, said been a doubtful fall. Stones not found. [I; 853. Greg, 67. Chladni, Ernst Florens Friedrich. "Neue Beiträge sur Kenntniss der Feuermeteore und der herabgefallenen Massen." Annalen der Physik, 71 (1822): 359-386, at 360. Chladni attributes the shock and four-foot deep cracks in the earth to a meteorite that fell on the night of March 5 to 6, but gives no mention of a meteor having been seen to fall.]


1821 March 20 / (It) / Umbria / tromba luminosa and q / See 1805. [I; 854. (Galli, Ignazio. "Raccolta e classificazione di fenomeni luminosi osservati nei terremoti." Bollettino della Società Sismologica Italiana, 14 (1910): 221-448, at 343.) See: 1805 July 26, (I; 146); and, 1821 March 21, (I; 856).]


1821 March 20 / St. Thomas' Island / Large met. / BA 60. [I; 855. Greg, 67.]


1821 March 21 / Rieti, Italy / Concussion, column of fire passed over the village and fell into Lake Cantelin. / C.R., 17-621. [I; 856. Perrey, Alexis. "Nouvelles recherches sur les tremblements de terre ressentis en Europe et dans les parties adjacentes de l'Afrique et de l'Asie, de 1801 à juin 1843." Comptes Rendus, 17 (September 25, 1843): 608-625, at 621). "Le 22 mars 1821, à Rieti (États de l'Église), secousse extrêmement forte; au moment où elle commença, on vit sortir du Fiume di Canera une colonne de feu qui passa sur la ville et alla se jeter dans le lac de Cantelin." Milne, 701. Milne records a light quake at Rieti.]


[1821 Ap 6 - 10. Wrong date. See: 1822 Ap 6 - 10, (I; 856.1).]


1821 Ap. 26 / LT, 3-a / Polt stones / At Truro persons amused, astonished, or alarmed, ac to nerve and judgment, by bombardment of a house in Carlow street. Missiles from no findable source breaking the windows of a depot in which were the arms of a regiment and in an adjoining house. The Mayor was appealed to. He arrived. Soldiers arrived. All investigated, and nothing more learned. Said that the "lower classes who always have a taste for the marvellous", thought it was supernatural. Guards were placed around the house, but still the stones arrived. // [London Times], May 1-3-c // (Carlow Street) /

Stones still arriving. Nothing found out. [A; 72.1 to 72.4. "Ghost." London Times, April 26, 1821, p. 3 c. 1. "The ghost whose vagaries...." London Times, May 1, 1821, p. 3 c. 3. The local newspaper source, (cited by the London Times), did report upon the confession of one of the soldiers' children, in the last of the following articles: "Ghost." West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser, (Truro), April 20, 1821, p. 2 c. 6, and, p. 3 c. 1. "The ghost whose vagaries...." West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser, April 27, 1821, p. 3 c. 1. "A reward has been offered...." West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser, May 4, 1821, p. 3 c. 1. Potts, L.H. "Discovery of the Truro ghost." West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser, May 11, 1821, p. 2 c. 5-6.]


1821 Ap. 28 /Leipzig / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 857. Greg, 67.]


1821 May and [?] 4 / Moon (dark part) / The light in Aristarchus by Rev, M. Ward looked like a small comet on moon. / Note appeared that Francis Baily had seen it. / Mem. R. A. S. 1/159. [I; 858. Ward, Michael. "On the luminous appearance seen on the dark part of the Moon in May 1821." Memoirs of the Royal Astronomical Society, 1 (1822): 159-161.]


1821 May [3] / Red organic / Giessen, Germany / D-287 / May / Flammarion / Atmosphere, p. 410. [I; 859. The note copies information from page 287 of The Book of the Damned. Daubeny, Charles. "Report on the present state of our knowledge...." Annual Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1836, 1-95, at 2. "According to the statement of Zimmermann, former professor of Chemistry at Giessen, all the above matters are to be found in snow-water, but pyrrhine was first detected in a red shower of rain which fell at that town in 1821. The water that contained it was of a peach red colour, and flakes of a hyacinthine tinge floated on its surface. The latter was the substance designated by the above name." Zimmermann, Wilhelm. "Beiträge zur näheren Kenntniss der wässrigen Meteore." Archiv für die gesammte Naturlehre. 1 (1824): 257-292, at 267-268, 291-292. Zimmermann identifies the date of the red rain as May 3, 1821, but found no trace of nickel during his chemical analysis, (which might have suggested a meteoric origin). Flammarion, Camille. James Glaisher, ed. The Atmosphere. New York: Harper, 1874, 410. Fournet, Joseph Jean Baptiste Xavier. "Sur les Pluies de Terre Observées Depuis Quel-ques Années dans le Bassin du Rhone." Mémoires de l'Académie des sciences, belles-lettres et arts de Lyon. Classe des Sciences, s. 2 v. 13 (1863): 185-245, at 214.]


1821 May 13 / Mexico / Q. / I / [light / BA 1911]. [I; 860. Milne, 701.]


1821 May 16 / Fireball / Munich / BA 60. [I 861. Greg, 67.]


1821 May 17 / Germany / Fireball / In BA 60, question asked, :Same as last (16th) ? [I; 862. Greg, 67.]


1821 June early / near Blandford, Eng / Will wisp / Paper read before Linnean Soc. by R. Chambers / Mag of Sci. 3/323 / Friend of his, had seen luminous thing of irregular shape, along side coach, rising, falling, for considerable distance. [A; 73. Chambers, Richard. "Observations on the Phenomenon termed Ignis Fatuus." Magazine of Natural History, n.s., 1 (1837): 353-357. Chambers, Richard. "Observations on Ignis Fatuus." Magazine of Science, 3 (January 1, 1842): 323-324. The friend was the English artist Thomas Stothard.]


1821 June 7 / 5 p.m. / over Willistown and Goshen / Cloud of dragonflies that darkened sky—mile wide and one hour in passing / N.Y. Ev. Post, Aug 17-2-3. [I; 863. "A fact, to the curious." New York Evening Post, August 17, 1821, p. 2 c. 3.) "On the 7th of June last, about five o’clock in the afternoon, there passed over Willistown [New Hampshire] and Goshen [Vermont], a swarm of the animal denominated the 'Devil’s darning Needle.' The swarm extended a mile in width, and was more than an hour in passing from east to west."]


1821 June 12 / Co. Mayo, Ireland / ac to Prof. Pictet / Metallic nuclei in hail / Bib Univ. 18/78. [I; 864. "Account of Hail Stones with a Metallic Nucleus, etc." Bibliothèque Universelle des Sciences, Belles-Lettres, et Arts, Sciences et Arts, 18 (1821): 78-80. [Marc-Auguste?] Pictet reports the chemical analysis of the material by William Hyde Wollaston. Greg, 68. Bucher, Otto. Die Feuermeteore, insbesondere die Meteoriten historisch und naturwissenschaftlich betrachtet. Giessen: J. Ricker, 1859, 153.]


[1821 June 12 /] 1821 June 21 / Majo, Spain / hailstones with nuclei composed of ferrocyanide of potassium / Galignani's Messenger, March 14, 1872. [I; 868. "Aurora Borealis." Galignani's Messenger, March 14, 1872, p. 3 c. 5. Baumhauer, Eduard Hendrik von. "Sur l'origine des aurores polaires." Comptes Rendus, 74 (1872): 678-681, at 679. Gilbert, Ludwig Wilhelm. "Hagel mit metallischem Kern, angeblich gefallen in Irland im Juni 1821." Annalen der Physik,  72 (1822): 456. Gilbert identifies the fall of hail as "Majo" in Ireland, which was County Mayo, (not Majo, in Spain, as indicated by Baumhauer, in Comptes Rendus). See: 1821 June 12, (I; 864).]


1821 June 15 / met / 3 p.m. / Field near Cross de Libones, Commune of Juvinas, France / A meteoric stone. Parts carried away. A remaining block weighed 108 pounds. / N.Y. Ev Post, Sept 12-2-4. [I; 865. (New York Evening Post, September 12, 1821, p. 2 c. 4.) This is the Juvinas meteorite.]


1821 June 15 / Aerolite weighing 220 pounds / Juvinas, France / A. J. Sci 5/175 / Ac to 2 analyses, was entire absence of nickel. / 6/397 / See Dec 13, 1813. [I; 866. "Meteorolite." American Journal of Science, 5 (1822): 175. "Composition of meteoric stones." American Journal of Science, 6 (1823): 397. Thomson, David Purdie. Introduction to Meteorology. Edinburgh and London: W. Blackwood and Sons, 1849, 324. "The alarm was such, that it was not till the 23rd of the month that they resolved to dig out this prodigy, of which they knew neither the form, the nature, or the substance. They deliberated for a long time, whether they should go armed to undertake this operation which appeared so dangerous; but Claude Serre, the sexton, justly observed, that if it was the devil, neither powder nor arms would prevail against him, that holy water would be more effectual, and that he would undertake to make the evil spirit fly; after which they set themselves to work, and having sunk nearly six feet, they found the aërolite!"]


1821 June 15 / (Fr) / (F) / (about noon) / Juvénas, Ardèche, France / Metite / BA, '60 / Bib. Univ 18-80 / Gent's Mag., March, 1822, p. 265. [I; 867. Fletcher, 99. This is the Juvinas meteorite. Greg, 68. "Account of Hail Stones with a Metallic Nucleus, etc." Bibliothèque Universelle des Sciences, Belles-Lettres, et Arts, Sciences et Arts, 18 (1821): 78-80. "Foreign News." Gentleman's Magazine, 92 pt. 1 (March 1822): 264-266, at 265. "It fell about four o'clock, p.m."]


[1821 June 21. Wrong date. See: 1821 June 12, (I; 868).]


1821 June 21 / (see 12.) / BA 54 or 60 / pyrites / Ireland / (94) / See June 12. [I; 869. Greg, 68. See: 1821 June 12, (I; 864).]


1821 June 25 / Shocks, Co. Cork, Ireland, and fields turned into swamps. / BA 54. [I; 870. Mallet, 133. "Fields were converted into marshes or quaqmires."]


1821 July 10 / Great q / Peru / [BA] '11. [I; 871. Milne, 701.]


1821 July 15 / Destructive tornado and hail / Counties of Oglethorpe, Wilkes and Lincoln, Georgia / N.Y. Ev Post, Aug 14-2-5. [I; 872. (New York Evening Post, August 14, 1821, p. 2 c. 5.)]


1821 ab first of Aug. / BO / A boa constrictor / unknown on Island of St Vincent / shot / was bet 14 and 15 feet long / Q. Jour. Roy Inst 12-428. [A; 88. "First appearance of the Boa Constrictor in the Island of St. Vincent." Quarterly Journal of Science and the Arts, Royal Institution of Great Britain, 12 (1822): 428. Fort estimates the date from the citation of the Royal Gazette and Bahama Advertiser, (August, 1821).]


1821 Aug 2 / Sept 12 // q / Calabria, Ita;y / II / [medium/ BA 1911]. [I; 873. Milne, 701.]


1821 Aug 6 / Uncommonly severe th. storm at Savannah. / N.Y. Ev Post 17-2-4. [I; 873.1. (New York Evening Post, August 17, 1821, p. 2 c. 4.)]


1821 Aug 18 / Obscuration / Eng / 19-20, France / La Sci Pour Tous 14/57 / Ph. Mag, Oct., 1821 / See May 21, 1822. [I; 874. Bresson, Gédéon. "Les Offuscations du Soleil." La Science Pour Tous, 14 (no. 8; January 23, 1869): 57-58. Forster, Benjamin Meggot. "Blue Sun." Philosophical Magazine, 58 (September, 1821): 234-235. "Atmospheric Phænomenon." Philosophical Magazine, 58 (October, 1821): 314-315. See: 1822 May 21, (I; 948).]


1821 Aug 18 / Phil Mag, Oct, 1821—(p. 234, 314) / account from Essex / See Aug, 3, 1831. / The darkness came on and lasted 3 hours. Said many persons terrified and ran from their work—gigantic masses of dark clouds piled upon one another with gleams of sulphurous light. [I; 875.1, 875.2. Forster, Benjamin Meggot. "Blue Sun." Philosophical Magazine, 58 (September, 1821): 234-235. "Atmospheric Phænomenon." 58 (October, 1821): 314-315. See: 1831 Aug 3, (I: 1625, 1628, and 1629).]


1821 Aug 18 / bet 9 and 10 a.m. / Blue sun in Essex / Ass. Soc Met de France 1903-81 / and Sussex / In afternoon, haze at Paris, and the sun was white. / This haze in Dauphine on 19th to 30th. [I; 876. Chauveau, Amyr Benjamin. "Notes sur les Chutes de Poussières." Annuaire de la Société Météorologique de France, 51 (May 1903): 69-82, at 81.]


1821 Aug 18 / Morning in London. People excited by blue appearance of sun. Changed to silvery. In Bristol sun had a purple appearance. / Felix Farley's Bristol Journal, 25th. [I; 877. "The inhabitants of this city have this week been amused...." Felix Farley's Bristol Journal, August 25, 1821, p. 3 c. 4.]


1821 Aug 20 / W. Indies / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 878. Greg, 68.]


1821 Aug 23 / Whirlwind at Thrandston, Suffolk. Objects seized from a stall. Broken crockery fell more than a mile from T. / Felix Farley's Bristol Journal, 25th. [I; 879. (Felix Farley's Bristol Journal, August 25, 1821.)]


[1821 Aug 24 /] 1821 Friday before Aug 31 / Letterkenny / Darkness with color effects on all objects / Phil Mag 58/314. [I; 883. "Atmospheric Phænomenon." Philosophical Magazine, 58 (October, 1821): 314-315.]


[1821 Aug 24 /] 1821 Aug 31, Friday before / Letterkenny / darkness and seeming description of volcanic smoke. The cauliflower cloud. / Phil Mag 58/314. [I; 885. "Atmospheric Phænomenon." Philosophical Magazine, 58 (October, 1821): 314-315. There is no mention of a "cauliflower cloud" nor of "volcanic smoke" in this article.]


1821 Aug 25 / Snails / See Other Catalog. [I; 880.]


1821 Aug 25 / (Liv) / Felix Farley's Bristol Journal of 25th / People of Bristol much amused with  

exhibition and sale of snails said to have fallen from the sky, at Tocklington. They had suddenly appeared on a farm. "Common rumor says that the snails fell like a great shower, which continued upwards of an hour and that the earth's surface was covered, nearly six acres, three inches deep!!" [I; 881.1, 881.2. "The inhabitants of this city have this week been amused...." Felix Farley's Bristol Journal, August 25, 1821, p. 3 c. 4. For another occurrence of a shower of snails, near Bristol, see: 1851 May 10, (II; 1519).]


1821 Aug 25 / Heavy fall of snail shells near Tocklington, Gloucestershire / L.T., Aug. 27-3-d / Ph. Mag 58/310, 457. [I; 882. "Singular Phenomenon." London Times, August 27, 1821, p. 3 c. 4. "The following remarkable occurrence took place near Tocklington, Gloucestershire, on Saturday last:—A heavy fall of small shells, of the snail species, was observed, which covered the surface of a field of about three acres, to the depth of nearly an inche. The shells are streaked, and about the size of a pea.—Bristol Gazette." "Shower of Snails." Philosophical Magazine, 58 (October, 1821): 310-311. Herapath, William. "The Shower of Snails." Philosophical Magazine, 58 (December, 1821): 457-458. "A curious phenomenon has occurred at Tockington...." Bristol Mercury, August 25, 1821, p. 3 c. 3. "Shower of Snails." Bristol Mirror, August 25, 1821, p. 3 c. 4. "The numerous appearance of Snails...." Bristol Mirror, September 1, 1821, p. 2 c. 2. "The numerous appearance of Snails, at Tockington, Gloucestershire, is not a single instance of the kind; about three years ago there was a similar circumstance, and near the same spot."]


1821 Aug 30 / Dresden / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 884. Greg, 68.]


1821 Sept / Showers of stones at home of Thomas Jones, village of Meifod, Montgomeryshire. Hundreds of persons visited the place. / Cardiff Western Mail, Sept 8, 1921. [A; 74. (Neither 1821 nor 1921 of the Western Mail is available at the BNA).]


1821 Sept 7 / At sea / E to W / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 886. Greg, 68.]


1821 Sept 9 / Tornado / N. Hampshire, Mass / Finley's Rept. [I; 887. Finley, 3.]


1821 Sept 20 / [newspaper clipping] / Dreadful Earthquake / Trinidad Gazette. [I; 888. (Trinidad Gazette.)]


1821 Sept 24 / (Series) / Fireball / Beinsuef, on Nile, at 8 p.m. / Another, 3:43 a.m. of 25th. / BA 1874-290 / At 9:23 p.m. of 26th, another. This apparently size of full moon. [I; 889. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, George Forbes, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors during the year 1873-74." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1874, 269-359, at 290.]


[1821 Oct. Wrong date. See: 1820 ab. Oct 1, (I; 821, 898).]


1821 Oct 7 / Fr / Vosges / q and sounds / BA, 54 / See Sept 13, '22. [I; 890. Mallet, 134. See: 1822 Sept 13, (I; 995).]


1821 Oct 7 / Saxony / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 891. Greg, 68.]


1821 Oct 22 / Comrie / quake and phe called "thunder and lightning / Milne / Edin New Ph. J. 31/118. [I; 892. Milne, David. "Notices of Earthquake-Shocks felt in Great Britain...." Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 31 (1841): 92-122, at 118.]


1821 Oct 23 / 3 p.m. / Severest q on record then at Comrie / See Oct 23, 1839-? / Phil Mag 58-458. [I; 893. "Earthquakes." Philosophical Magazine, 58 (December, 1821): 458. See: 1839 Oct 23, (II:113, 115, 116, and 118).]


1821 Oct 28 / ab 9:30 p.m./ Saxony / det met / See 1805. [I; 894. See: 1805 Oct 23, (I; 160). Fort may have been trying to correlate meteors of similar dates with some locations.]


1821 Oct 29 / 7 a.m. / q / Island of Bute / LT, 1816, Oct 31-2-d. [I; 895. "On Monday morning...." London Times, October 31, 1821, p. 2 c. 4.]


1821 Oct 30 / Marienwerder / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 896. Greg, 68.]


1821 Oct 30/ q at Comrie / loud sound that accompanied it heard at Blackford, 12 miles away / LT, Oct 31-2-d. [I; 897. "A very violent shock of an earthquake...." London Times, October 31, 1821, p. 2 c. 4.]


1821 Nov 17 / Russia and Georgia / I / q. / [light / BA 1911]. [I; 899. Milne, 701.]


1821 Nov 22 / (It) / 2 a.m. / Abruzzi / det met / See 1805, or An de Chimie 33/405. [I; 900. "Tremblemens de terre."Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2 v. 33 (1826): 402-412, at 405. (Galli, Ignazio. "Raccolta e classificazione di fenomeni luminosi osservati nei terremoti." Bollettino della Società Sismologica Italiana, 14 (1910): 221-448.) See: 1805 July 26, (I; 146).]


1821 Nov. 22 / q. / Italy / II [Medium] / Adriatic coast / BA 11. [I; 901. Milne, 701.]


1821 Nov 22 / Q / Q and meteor / Naples / D-228. [I; 902. The note copies information from page 228 of The Book of the Damned. Mallet, 135. "A luminous meteor moving in the same direction as that taken by the shock was observed just before." "Noch einige Nachrichten von Erdbeben in den letzten Monaten." Annalen der Physik, 69 (1821): 435-436. "Tremblemens de Terre." Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2 v. 19 (1821): 402-412, at 405.]


1821 Nov. 28 / Naples / fireball / BA 60. [I; 903. Greg, 68.]


1821 Nov 28 / Night (29) // Cape Town / brilliant spots on moon / Phil Trans 112/237. [I; 904. Fallows, Fearon. "Communication of a curious appearance lately observed upon the Moon." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 112 (1822): 237-238.]


1821 Nov. 30 / Aerolite? / See Nov 29, '09. [I; 905. Fort refers to Capocci's list of aerolites falling at the end of November, see: 1809 Nov. 29, (I; 311). "Falling Stars." Athenæum, 1840 (no. 686; December 19): 1013. Greg, 68.]


1821 Dec 1 or 2 / Fireball / Leipzig / BA 60. [I; 906. Greg, 68.]


1821 Dec. 3 / Weimar / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 907. Greg, 68.]


1821 Dec 4 / Görlitz / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 908. Greg, 68.]


1821 Dec 11 / Fireball / England / BA 60. [I; 909. Greg, 68.]


1821 Dec 13 / Great q / Japan / BA 11. [I; 910. Milne, 702.]


1821 Dec 20 to at least Feb. 28, 1822 / Violent eruption in Iceland / BA, 54. [I; 911. Mallet, 136. The Eyjafjallajökull volcano.]


1821 Dec 24 / Bromberg, Wirtenberg / Det Met / BA 60. [I; 912. Greg, 68.]


1821 Dec 24 / Switzerland / Shock, preceded by several meteors / BA 54/136. [I; 913. Mallet, 136.]


1821 Dec 24 / 7 p.m. / Ballenheim and Altendorf, Germany / Det Met / LT, Jan 9, 1822 / (BA_'60) / Bromberg, Wirtenberg / B.A. / (See Nov 25, '22 / May 8, '23 or '13.) [I; 914. "Atmospheric Phenomena." London Times, January 9, 1822, p. 3 c. 4. Greg, 68.]


1821 Dec 26 / Submarine volc near Bima, island of Sumbawa / BA 54. [I; 915. Mallet, 136. The submarine volcano, off Bima, was not clearly identified in Reinwardt's account. Reinwardt, Caspar  Georg Carl. "Over de Vuurbergen van den Indischen Archipel." Magazijn voor Wetenschappen, Kunsten en Letteren, 5 (1826): 71-95, at 80.]


1821 Dec 28 / Augsberg / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 916. Greg, 68.]


1822:


[1822. Wrong date. See: 1822 Feb 19, (I; 917).]


1822 / Fragments of calcite that fell on deck of ship near San Domingo / Sc Am. 81-343. [I; 918. Farrington, Oliver Cummings. "The Vienna Meteorite Collection." Scientific American, n.s., 81 (November 25, 1899): 343.]


1822 / Gruithuisen discovered his city north of Schröter—parallel lines branching out from a central line like veins of a leaf. [I; 919. Gruithuisen, Franz von Paula. Entdeckung vieler deutlicher Spuren der Mondbewohner: besonders eines colossalen Kunstgebäudes derselben. 1824.]


1822 Jan 11 / Cherbourg, France / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 920. Greg, 68.]


1822 Jan 14 / Eichesfelt / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 921. Greg, 68.]


1822 Jan 22 / 10 p.m. / (q) / Yorkshire ? / Seaton Ross / Everingham / Allathorpe / Beilby / Melbourne / LT, Jan 31-3-e. [I; 922. "Earthquake." London Times, January 31, 1822 p. 3 c. 5.]


1822 Jan 29 / India / Madras / q / I [light] / BA '11. [I; 923. Milne, 702.]


1822 Feb 6 / An incredible number of insects fell upon Middelbourg, Belgium. / Ciel et Terre 21-258. [I; 924. "Les passages de Libellules du commencement de juin 1900." Ciel et Terre, 21 (1900-1901): 247-270, at 258. "En février 1822 it s'est abattu sur Middelbourg une quantité incroyable d'insectes qui, peu après, se sont dirigés probablement vers la mer. Il n'est dit nulle part quels insectes c'étaient."]


1822 Feb. 7 / Japan / Tokio / III / [Heavy / BA 1911]. [I; 925. Milne, 702.]


1822 Feb 13-25 / Vesuvius / BA '54. [I; 926. Mallet, 136.]


1822 Feb. 18 / Op. Mars / (Al). [I; 927.]


1822 Feb 18 / Q in Komorn, Hungary, preceded by a very loud sound which seemed to come from the air, but Danube in a commotion and threw up red sands of shores. / BA 54. [I; 928. Mallet, 137.]


[1822 Feb 19 /] 1822 / mag storm and q / q at Lyons / violently affects magnetic needle at Paris / Mag Nat Hist 6/296. [I; 917. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 6 (July 1833): 289-308, at 296. Mallet, 137. "Sur le Tremblement de terre du 19 février 1822." Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2 v. 19 (1821): 106-109.]


1822 Feb 19 / Savoy, Italy / q / I / [light / BA 1911]. [I; 929. Milne, 702.]


1822 Feb. 28 / Volc in Iceland of Dec 20, at least to this date. [I; 930.]


1822 March 1 / Brünn / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 931. Greg, 68.]


1822 March 7 / 16 h / Mercury / Inf conjunction / (Al). [I; 932.]


1822 March 9 / Meteor—Troy / detonation 7 1/2 minutes later—ab. 10 p.m. / A. J. Sci 6/319 / At Canajoharie, a strong, sulphurous odor. See[n] and heard Saratoga, etc. / seen in s.w. at Quebec / Boston and in Pa. / In the west at Portland, Me—almost mag  of moon. [I; 933.1, 933.2. "Meteors." American Journal of Science, 6 (1823): 315-325, at 319-325.]


1822 March 9 / 13 h / Venus / Inf. conjunction / (Al). [I; 934.]


1822 Mar. 16 / Richmond, Va. / great det. met / BA., '60. [I; 935. Greg, 68.]


1822 Mar 20 / Sounds of Meleda (Adriatic) begin / A. de Chimie 30/432 /// A 60 [stamped]. [I; 936. "Détonations extraordinaire dans l'ile de Méléda."  Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2 v. 30 (1825): 432-435.]


1822 March 31 / Leipzig / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 937. Greg, 68.]


1822 Ap 5-6 / Etna starts. / qs around Etna / BA '54-138. [I; 938. Mallet, 138.]


1822 Ap. 6-10 / Catania, Italy / qs / I / [light / BA 1911]. [I; 939. Milne, 702.]


[1822 Ap 6-10 /] 1821 Ap 6 - 10 / q. / Catania / BA 54. [I; 856.1. These earthquakes were in 1822, (not "1821"), and are listed in Mallet's, ("54"), not Greg's catalog, ("60"). Mallet, 138.]


1822 Ap. 9 / Rhodes / "long bright column of meteoric light, exploding with many sparks" / BA '60-68. [I; 940. Greg, 68.]


1822 Ap. 9 / Rhodes / 9 p.. / Met trail and great explosion in air / Arago, Oeuvres XI/571. [I; 941. Arago, François. Oeuvres Complètes de François Arago. Paris: Gide, 1859, v. 11 p. 571.]


1822 Ap. 10 / near Bangalore / Trans Bombay Geog Soc, vol. 9, by Dr. Buist / Masses of ice size of pumpkins. Saw bodies of 27 dead bullocks killed by the ice. In one of the masses of ice found a frozen snake which revived. [I; 942. Buist, George. "A Catalogue of the most remarkable Hailstorms which have occurred in India betwixt 1822 and 1850." Transactions of the Bombay Geographical Society, 9 (1849-1850): 184-196, at 185.]


1822 Ap. 10 / Volc and met? / Towns near Etna / "A violent clap of thunder was heard while the sky was quite clear," and a violent q. Had been severe shocks on 6th. / BA 54/139. [I; 943. Mallet, 138.]


1822 April 13 / Comrie / shock / "accompanied by two loud reports, one apparently above our heads and the other, which followed immediately, under our feet / Edin New Phil Jour 31-119. [I; 944. Milne, David. "Notices of Earthquake-Shocks felt in Great Britain...." Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 31 (1841): 92-122, at 119. "Accompanied by two loud reports, one apparently above our heads, the other which followed immediately under our feet." Mallet, 138.]


1822 May 7 / Costa Rica / q / III / [Heavy / BA 1911]. [I; 945. Milne, 702.]


1822 May 18 / Bologna / Sudden storm / fall of lumps ice, some weighing 1/2 pound / An Reg '22-87. [I; 946. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 64 (1822): pt. 2, 87, cv. "Bologna." "18. Bologna.—A sudden storm, which arose last Saturday at noon, brought destruction over fourteen of the most fertile communes of this province. A torrent of hail, of which the stones weighed from six to nine ounces, broke and destroyed everything; the strongest trees were stripped of their foliage, and the roofs of the houses all dashed to pieces."]


[1822 May 20. Wrong date. See: 1823 May 20, (I; 947).]


1822 May 21 / Dry fog / Paris / La Sci Pour Tour 14/58 / See Aug., 1821 / Aug., 1831. [I; 948. Bresson, Gédéon. "Les Offuscations du Soleil." La Science Pour Tous, 14 (no. 8; January 23, 1869): 57-58. See: 1821 Aug 18, (I: 874 to 877), and, 1831 Aug 3, (I: 1625, 1628, and 1629).]


[1822 May 23. Wrong date. See: 1823 May 23, (I; 949).]


1822 May 31 / q / France / BA '54-138. [I; 950. Mallet, 139.]


1822 June 3 / Metite / 8 p.m. / Angers, France / Small stone (30 oz) fell. / BA 60. [I; 951. Greg, 68.]


1822 June 3 (F) / Stone fell, Angers, France. / Phil Mag 4/8/459 / An de Chimie 2/31/261 /// 2/27 / 130 // 1/15 // 16 / 304. [I; 952. Fletcher, 99. This is the Angers meteorite. Greg, Robert Philips. "Observations on Meteorolites...." London, Edinburgh and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, s. 4 v. 8 (1854): 329-342, 449-463, at 459. "Sur un Aérolithe qui est tombé à Angers, départment de Maine-et-Loire, le 3 juin 1822." Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2 v. 20 (1822): 89-91. Chladni, Ernst Florens Friedrich. "Nouveau Catalogue des chutes de pierres ou de fer; de poussières ou de substances molles, sèches ou humides, suivant l'ordre chronologique."Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2 v. 31 (1826): 253-269, at 261.]


1822 June 9 / Moravia / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 953. Greg, 68.]


1822 June 13 / Christiana, Norway / Fireball / "A bituminous substance fell?" / BA 60 / D-72. [I; 954. The note copies information from page 72 of The Book of the Damned. Greg, 68.]


1822 June / (+) / See May 21. / Cape Verde Islands / Brownish dust. Writer says thinks came from an African desert [bu]t says that was described as "like triturated pumice, and had a sulphuric smell." / Mag. Nat Hist 8-18. [I; 955. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 8 (January, 1835): 1-28, at 18. See: 1822 May 21, (I; 948).]


1822 June 16 / (+) / q and phe / Fr / 4:15 p.m. and 4:30 p.m. / Severe shocks at Cherbourg / "Immediately after the shocks a luminous meteor was seen. It seemed to rise from the ocean. It was followed by a loud explosion. Torrents of  rain fell the same day. Said that a waterspout passed over. / BA '54-138. [I; 956.1, 956.2. Mallet, 139. Correct quote: "Immediately after the shocks a luminous meteor was observed, which seemed to rise from the Bay of Mont-St.-Michel to the south, and was followed by a loud explosion. Torrents of rain fell the same day in the whole department de la Manche, and a waterspout passed over it." "Tremblements de Terre."Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2  v. 21 (1822): 393-396, at 394-395. "Trombes."Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2  v. 21 (1822): 407-411, at 408-409.]


1822 June 17 / Catania, Sicily / Undetermined phe / BA '60-68 / "detonating meteor?" Repeats phe of Ap 10. [I; 957. Greg, 68.]


1822 June / Shower of brownish dust, smelling of sulphur, like triturated pumice. / Tasmanian Journal 1-333. [I; 958. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On the occurrence of Atmospheric Deposits of Dust and Ashes; with Remarks on the Drift Pumice of the Coasts of New Holland." Tasmanian Journal of Natural Science, Agriculture, Statistics, &c., 1 (1842): 321-342, at 333. This was reported to the author by Capt. Emerson, the commander of the ship Kingston, in the Cape Verde Islands.]


1822 June 17 / Leipzig / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 959. Greg, 68.]


1822 June 21 / China / q / III / [Heavy / BA 1911]. [I; 960. Milne, 702.]


1822 June 26 / Volc / Iceland / great violence / been quiet 1/2 year / A. Reg '22-111. [I; 961. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 64 (1822): pt. 2, 111, cv. "Volcano."]


1822 summer / Italian fireflies near Reading / Nature 2-297. [I; 962. Webb, Thomas William. "Entomological Inquiries, etc." Nature, 2 (August 11, 1870): 297-298. Webb found a fire-fly, in 1870, and provides an account of similar specimens seen in 1822, that resembled Lampyris italica.]


1822 July 11 / At dawn, Vesuvius began. / BA '54-140. [I; 963. Mallet, 140.]


1822 July 14 / Italy / q / I / [Light / BA 1911]. [I; 964. Milne, 702.]


1822 July 15 / Marienwerder, Germany / after storm / Unknown little round seeds in great quantity. Inhabitants tried to cook them but no effect after boiling an hour. / Bull des Science 1/1/298. [I; 965. "Effet Remarkable d'un Orage." Bulletin des Sciences, 1 (1824): 298-299.]


1822 July 17 / Silesia / after storm / Great quantity little round seeds. Then scientists said they were seeds of the Galium spurium. / Bull des Sci 1/1/298. [I; 966. "Effet Remarkable d'un Orage." Bulletin des Sciences, 1 (1824): 298-299.]


1822 July 17 / Host of butterflies near Boulogne / July 26, vast swarms of flies / Mag. Nat Hist 7-611. [I; 967. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 7 (December 1834): 609-630, at 611. Forster, Thomas Ignatius Maria. Researches About Atmospheric Phenomena. 3rd edition. London: Harding, Mavor, and Lepard, 1823, 427-428. While Forster notes "the immense quantity of Butterflies covering whole fields for miles together," between Calais and Boulone, on July 17, the swarm of flies was confined to a back kitchen at Pont-y-Pani, where he stayed on the night of the 26th.]


1822 July 19 / Hamburg / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 968. Greg, 68.]


1822 June 21 / Great q / China / BA '11. [I; 969. Milne, 702.]


1822 June 21 / Metite / Commune of Clohars-Fouesnon / Metite. / C.R. 124-1543. [I; 970. Meunier, Stanislas. "Observation sur une météorite française dont la chute, survenue à Clohars en 1822, est restée inaperçue." Comptes Rendus, 124 (June 28, 1897): 1543-1544.]


1822 July 23 / 6 a.m. / Violent volc eruption in Sumatra / BA '54-140. [I; 971. Mallet, 140. The Marapi volcano.]


1822 July 28 / Brünn, Fireball / BA 60. [I; 972. Greg, 68.]


1822 July 29 / Granada, Spain / q / I / [Light / BA 1911]. [I; 973. Milne, 702.]


1822 Aug / Poitiers (?) / Frgs / L'Institut 2/410 / B / Try Country Gentleman. [I; 974. "Pluies de crapauds." L'Institut, journal universel des sciences et des sociétés savantes en France et à l'étranger, 2 (no. 84; December 17, 1833): 409-410. See: 1809 June 23, (I; 271). ("try: Country Gentleman.")]


1822 Aug 6 / 8:15 p.m. / Paris / great serpentine met train / more than 5 minutes / Arch. des Decouv.— 1822-199. [I; 975. "Météore lumineux observée à Paris." Les Archives des Decouvertes et des Inventions Nouvelles, 15 (1822): 199-200.]


1822 Aug 6 / Paris / Caen / Southampton / det met / BA 60-68. [I; 976. Greg, 68.]


1822 Aug 7 / Moravia / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 977. Greg, 69.]


1822 Aug 7 / Agra (Kadonah) / N. W. Prov. / India / (F). [I; 978. Fletcher, 99. This is the Agra meteorite.]


1822 Aug 7 / Aerolite / also 1823 / E Mec 79/383. [I; 979. See: 1823 Aug 7, (I; 1063). (English Mechanic, 79: 383.)]


1822 Aug 8 / [London Times], 2-d / Volc / Vesuvius. [I; 980. "A smart shock of an earthquake...." London Times, August 8, 1822, p. 2.c. 4. "...at day-break on the [July] 11th, Vesuvius had an eruption." See: 1822 July 11, (I; 963).]


1822 Aug 10 / Sounds of Melida heard again. /// A 59 [stamped]. [I; 981.]


1822 Aug 11 / Liege and Coblentz / "A large mass of fire fell down with a great explosion; possibly electrical." / BA '60-68. [I; 982. Greg, 69.]


1822 Aug 13 / Egypt / Asia Minor / great q / BA 54-140. [I; 983. Mallet, 141. Milne 702.]


1822 Aug 13 - 16 / 10 p.m. / q. / Aleppo / An Reg '22-151 / Said that in same latitude as Aleppo, 2 rocks had arisen from sea near Cyprus. [I; 984. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 64 (1822): 1-237, at 151-152, cv. "Earthquake." "The captain of a French ship also has reported, that at the tme of the earthquake two had arisen from the sea in the neighbourhood of Cyprus, which is almost under the same latitude as Aleppo."]


1822 Aug 16 / Rochelle, France / and Paris / Meteor with a serpentine course / BA '60-68. [I; 985. Greg, 69.]


1822 Aug 22 / Bromberg / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 986. Greg, 69.]


1822 Aug 23 /Posen / BA 60 / Fireball. [I; 987. Greg, 69.]


1822 Aug 24 / [London Times], 2-e / Volc / Iceland. [I; 988. "Copenhagen." London Times, August 24, 1822, p. 2 c. 5. "The volcano Oefield Jokkel, in Iceland, which since its first eruption, had remained quiet for half a year, broke out again with great violence on the 26th of June, and has done great damage to the surrounding country, by the vast quantity of ashes which it has cast up." The Eyjafjallajokull volcano was active between December 19, 1821, and January 1, 1823.]


1822 Sept 1 / Fort Royal / W to E / great det met and train / BA 60. [I; 989. Greg, 69.]


1822 Sept 1 / 8 p.m. / Fort Royal, Martinique / Great met detonating with extreme violence. / Arch des Decouv 1823-183 / Had been slight q, August 1, 8 p.m. / p. 188 // (BA 60-68). [I; 991. "Aérolithe tombé à la Martinique." Les Archives des Decouvertes et des Inventions Nouvelles, 18 (1825): 183. 'Tremblemens de terre qui ont lieu en 1822." Les Archives des Decouvertes et des Inventions Nouvelles, 18 (1825): 186-189, at 188. The correct date for the detonating meteor was "Sept 1," (not "Sept 7"); the correct date for the tremor was August 1, (not "August 8"); and, Fort Royal was an earlier name for Fort-de-France. Greg, 69.]


1822 Sept 5 / Great q / Asia Minor / [BA] '11. [I; 990. Milne, 702.]


[1822 Sept 7. Wrong date; see: 1822 Sept 1, (I; 991).]


1822 Sept. 7 / Spon Comb. / France. [A; 75. "Extrait d'une Lettre de M. Le Docteur Moulinié." Nouveau Journal de Médecine, Chirurgie, Pharmacie, etc., 15 (1822): 331-334.]


1822 Sept 10 / Karlstadt / Listed as "a strong earthquake / from E to W / BA '54 / aerolites mentioned. [I; 992. Mallet, 141.]


1822 Sept 10 / 11:30 p.m. / Carlstadt (Sweden) / noise—shocks and aerolites found / C.R., 17-622 / Great number of falling stars. [I; 993. Perrey, Alexis. "Nouvelles recherches sur les tremblements de terre ressentis en Europe et dans les parties adjacentes de l'Afrique et de l'Asie, de 1801 à juin 1843." Comptes Rendus, 17 (September 25, 1843): 608-625, at 622. "Le 10 septembre 1822, 11h 30m du soir, à Carlstadt (Suede), fort tremblement de terre précédé d'un bruit semblable à celui du canon et accompagné de l'apparition d'un grande nombre d'étoiles filantes très-brillantes. Le lendemain on a trouvé des aérolithes en différents endroits." Greg, 69.]


1822 Sept 10 / 11:30 p.m. / (q) / Strong q felt throughout province of Wermeland, Sweden—first a noise like cannon / then meteors / aerolites said to have fallen / B Assoc 54/141 / (Ph. Mag 4-8-459.). [I; 994. Mallet, 141. "Tremblements de Terre." Annales de chimie et de physique, s. 2  v. 21 (1822): 393-396, at 396. Greg, Robert Philips. "Observations on Meteorolites...." London, Edinburgh and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, s. 4 v. 8 (1854): 329-342, 449-463, at 459.]


1822 Sept. 13 / Epinal, Vosges, France / Met-ite. / F / See Oct 7, '21. / BA, '77-191. [I; 995. Fletcher, 99. This is the Epinal meteorite. Greg, 69. Flight, Walter. "On Aerolites and Detonating Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1877, "Reports on the State of Science," 188-193, at 191. See: 1821 Oct 7, (I; 890).]


1822 Sept 13 / Metite of Baffe (Vosges) / 7 a.m. / in a violent th. storm. / Q. J. Roy Inst 14-448. [I; 996. "Aerolite." Quarterly Journal of Science and the Arts, Royal Institution of Great Britain, 14 (1823): 448-449.]


1822 Sept 13 / (th stone) / Baffe (Vosges) / In a tremendous storm, exceptional thunder and lightnong, violent rain, stone fell. / Bib. Univ. 22-68 / Canton d'Epinal. [I; 997. "Mélanges." Bibliothèque Britannique, Sciences et Arts, 22 (1823): 58-72, at 68-72.]


1822 Sept 18 / q and loud noise like distant thunder / BA '54/141 / Dunston, near Newcastle—q. between 1 and 2 a.m. / LT, Sept 24-2-d. [I; 998. Mallet, 141. "A smart shock of an earthquake...." London Times, September 24, 1822, p. 2 c. 4. "...accompanied by a loud noise like distant thunder."]


1822 Oct 8 and 12 / Great volc eruption in Java / L.T., Aug 30, 1883. [I; 999. "Volcanic Eruptions and Tidal Waves." London Times, August 30, 1883, p. 4 c. 1. Mallet, 142. "On the 8th, there was a most violent eruption of the volcano Galong (or Galung Gunung) in the island of Java." Backer, 880. The Galunggung volcano.]


1822 Oct 13 / Orenburg / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1000. Greg, 69.]


1822 Oct 16 / from Sir John Herschel's MS. Journal / Sky overcast—great light like moon breaking through (London) / no record of meteor at time. / Rept B.A. 1870-87. [I; 1001. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1869-70." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1870, 76-102, at 87.]


1822 Oct 18 / Water in wells around Vesuvius disappears. / 20th, about 2 p.m., violent eruption. / An Reg '22-213. [I; 1002. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 64 (1822):  pt. 2, 213, cv. "Eruption of Mount Vesuvius."]


1822 Oct 22 // 25th, ashes ceased. / BA 54. [I; 1003. Mallet, 142. The eruption of Vesuvius began on October 22, the shower of ashes ceased on the 25th, and the last smoke appeared on November 4th.]


1822 Oct 20 to 28th / Vesuvius / A. Reg. [I; 1004. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 64 (1822):  pt. 2, 213, cv. "Eruption of Mount Vesuvius."]


1822 Oct 22 - 24 / Vesuvius / Oct 23, great explosion / Q. J. Roy Inst 16-182 / L.T., Nov 15-2-d / 18-2-e / 22-2-c. [I; 1005. "Volcanic electricity." Quarterly Journal of Science and the Arts, Royal Institution of Great Britain, 16 (October, 1823): 181-182. "Eruption of Mount Vesuvius." London Times, November 15, 1822, p. 2 c. 4. "Eruption of Mount Vesuvius." London Times, November 18, 1822, p. 2 c. 5. "A letter from Naples...." London Times, November 22, 1822, p. 2 c. 3.]


1822 about Oct 22 / (It) / Sound / Rumblings / Verona / See 1816. [I; 1006. Cancani, Adolfo. "Rombi sismici." Bollettino della Società Sismologica Italiana, 7 (1901-1902): 23-47, at 37. See: 1816, (I; 547).]


1822 Oct 22 / Vesuvius terrific / A.J.S. 6/385 / Ashes "at first reddish brown, then more white." [I; 1007. "Vesuvius." American Journal of Science, 6 (1822): 385-386. "The writer collected several pounds of the ashes from his Balcony in Naples. It was at first of a reddish brown, and then more white, and appeared to him like a pulverised pummice stone."]


[1822 Oct 22 /] 1822 Nov. 24 / Vesuvius renews with violence. / BA 54. [I; 1023. Not in November of 1822 according to Mallet's catalog, which records an earthquake on October 18 and a volcanic eruption on October 22. Mallet, 142.]


[1822 Oct 22 /] 1822 Nov 22 / Ves. eruption began, 2 p.m. / violent to 25th / BA '54. [I; 1024. Mallet gives the starting date of the eruption as October 22. Mallet, 142.]


1822 Oct 23 / Two "Vulcs" / Pastorff / A. Sci Disc 1860/411. [I; 1008. "New Planets." Annual of Scientific Discovery, 1860, 409-411. "Lettre II." Correspondance Astronomique, Géographique, Hydrographique et Statistique du Baron de Zach..., 13 (1825): 15-20, at 17.]


1822 Oct 27 / Berleburg / BA 60 / [Fireball]. [I; 1009. Greg, 69.]


1822 Oct 28 / or "22nd?" // Brighton, England / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1010. Greg, 69.]


1822 Nov. 4 / Trans Merc. / S. Op. 1. [I; 1011. (S. Op. 1.).]


1822 Nov 4 / Chili / Copiapo, Chili, almost destroyed. / BA '54-142. [I; 1012. Mallet, 142. Milne, 702.]


1822 Nov 11 / Freiberg / BA 60 / [Fireball]. [I; 1013. Greg, 69.]


1822 Nov. 12 / Potsdam / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1014. Greg, 69.]


1822 Nov. 15 / Apenrade / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1015. Greg, 69.]


1822 Nov 19 / q.—deluge / 10:30 / Time of shock, the sky was cloudless, moon and stars shining brilliantly. Weather continued clear, Evening of 27th, tremendous rainstorm. / Q. Jour Roy, Inst., 17-45 / Rain had never fallen before in month of November. Shocks continued at least to end of Sept., 1823. [I; 1016.1, 1016.2. "Account of the Earthquake in Chili, in November, 1822...." Quarterly Journal of Science and the Arts, Royal Institution of Great Britain, 17 (1824): 38-46. "Rain had never before fallen in the country, even at a small distance north of the river Maule, in the month of November."]


1822 Nov 19 / (+) / Chili / (+) / q / Writer in Q J Roy Inst 17-38 says that some persons said that they had seen an unusual light in the horizon to the southward, but that he had seen nothing. This writer was at Concon, 15 miles NE of Valparaiso. He says that at Valdivia, 39° 50' S, 2 volcanoes burst out suddenly with great noise, illuminating the heavens, and then as suddenly subsided. (This sky phe?) On 27th, tremendous fall of rain in a place where rain had never before fallen. [I; 1017.1, 1017.2, 1917.3. "Account of the Earthquake in Chili, in November, 1822...." Quarterly Journal of Science and the Arts, Royal Institution of Great Britain, 17 (1824): 38-46. "At the moment the shock was felt, two volcanoes in the neighbourhood burst out suddenly with great noise, illuminated the heavens and the surrounding country for a few seconds, and then as suddenly subsided into their usual quiescent state."]


1822 Nov 19 / Fireball / 2/3 moon / BA 60. [I; 1018. At Valparaiso. Greg, 69.]


1822 Nov. 19 / q — phe / q. / Chile. / A. J. Sci 30-110 / 10:30 a.m. / Dried up wells and brooks renewed. "[On the night of the great earthquake,] meteors or blazing stars and flakes of fire are said to have been seen in [the] heavens; one very vivid meteor shot from the south west toward the south east." / Had been many slight shocks in preceding month at Valparaiso. Then q's every day. [I; 1019.1, 1019.2. "Earthquake and rising of the sea coast of Chili, in November, 1822." American Journal of Science, 30 (1836): 110-113.]


1822 Nov 19 / (Chili) / Valparaiso / met 2/3 size of moon / burst / train of fire / BA '60-68. [I; 1020. Greg, 69.]


1822 Nov. 19 / 10:15 p.m. / Great q / Chili / Nov 21 - 28 / BA '54-144. [I; 1021. Mallet, 143-145. Milne, 702.]


1822 Nov. 22 / Valparaiso / 10 a.m. / 3 loud explosions, after each of which the earth trembled. / other q's / BA 54. [I; 1022. Mallet, 144.]


[1822 Nov 22. Wrong date. See: 1822 Oct 22, (I; 1024).]


[1822 Nov. 24. Wrong date. See: 1822 Oct 22, (I; 1023).]


1822 Nov 25 / 3 and 5 a.m. / Wurtemburg / q and sounds / B As 54/144. [I; 1025. Mallet, 144.]


1822 Nov 26 / Valparaiso / tremendous rainstorm—never before known to occur at this season / BA 54-144. [I; 1026. Mallet, 145.]


1822 Nov. 28 / Aerolite? / See Nov. 29, 1809. [I; 1027. Fort refers to Capocci's list of aerolites falling at the end of November, in: 1809 Nov. 29, (I; 311). "Falling Stars." Athenæum, 1840 (no. 686; December 19): 1013.]


1822 Nov. 30 / (F) / Metite at Futtehpore / shortly before sunset / Jour Asiatic Soc Bengal 30/130 / Edin. N.P. J. 53/235. [I; 1028. Fletcher, 100. This is the Futtehpur meteorite. Haidinger, Wilhelm Karl Ritter von. "Report on the Shalka, Futtehpore, Pegu, Assam, and Segowlee, Meteorites sent from the Asiatic Society of Bengal, (Calcutta) to the Imperial Museum of Vienna." Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 30 (1861): 129-138, at 130-132. Shepard, Charles Upham. "On Meteorites." Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 53, (1852): 245-249, at 245. Greg, 69.]


1822 Dec 1 / Grenada, West Indies / q. / I / [Light/ BA 1911]. [I; 1029. Milne, 702.]


1822 Dec 21 / Brünn / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1030. Greg, 69.]


1822 Dec. / Eruption of volc Eyafelle / Jokel, Iceland / Q. J. Roy Inst 16-396. [I; 1031. "Volcanic Eruption in Iceland." Quarterly Journal of Science and the Arts, Royal Institution of Great Britain, 16 (1824): 396. The Eyjafjallajokull volcano.]


1822 Dec 31 / Volc / Api, Java. / N.M. / C.R. 70-878. [I; 1032. Backer, 880. The Banda Api volcano.]


1823:


1823 / B / q. / Chile / Le Moniteo, p. 411, 531, 571. [I; 1033. ("Le Moniteo"???, p. 411, 531, 571). Possibly: Le Moniteur Universal, of 1823?]


1823 Jan 10 / Murcia and Alicante, Spain / q. / II / [Medium / BA 1911]. [I; 1034. Milne, 702.]


1823 Jan 11 / Augsburg / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1035. Greg, 69.]


1823 / Jan 24 / England / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1036. Greg, 69.]


1823 Jan. 26 / Gosport / BA '60 / Fireball. [I; 1037. Greg, 69.]


1823 Feb - March / qs / Formosa / I / [Light / BA 1911]. [I; 1038. Milne, 702.]


1823 Feb. 16 / 1st snowstorm recorded in Mobile, Alabama / NY Sun, 1892, Jan 21-6-7. [I; 1039. "Sunbeams." New York Sun, January 21, 1892, p. 6 c. 7.]


1823 Feb 24 - 25 / q and storm / night / Violent storm near Hanover, and q , and a crevice a foot wide opened in the ground. [I; 1040. Mallet, 147-148.]


1823 Mar 5 / Italy and Sicily / great q. / [BA] '11. [I; 1041. Milne, 702.]


1823 March 6 / q and Sounds / Santa Lucia di Milazzo, Sicily / Concussion and 4 terrific crashes supposed be subterranean. / See 1816. [I; 1042. Cancani, Adolfo. "Rombi sismici." Bollettino della Società Sismologica Italiana, 7 (1901-1902): 23-47, at 37-38. See: 1816, (I; 547).]  


1823 March 14 - 15 / Calabria, Abruzzo, Tuscany; at Bologna and through the whole chain of the Appenines / Red snow / (p) / Mag of Sci 4-274 / See March 13, 1813. [I; 1043. "Showers of Blood and Red Snow." Magazine of Science, 4 (1842-1843): 274-275.]


1823 Ap. 2 / Manheim / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1044. Greg, 69.]


1823 Ap. 6 / Berlin / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1045. Greg, 69.]


1823 Ap. 9 / Potsdam / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1046. Greg, 69.]


1823 May 2 / Embleton / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1047. Greg, 69.]


1823 May 7 / Panama / q. / III / [Heavy / BA 1911]. [I; 1048. Milne, 702.]


1823 May 8 / Wurtemberg / yellow dust / Archives des Decouvertes 1824/223. [I; 1049. "Pluie de poussière Jaune." Les Archives des Decouvertes et des Inventions Nouvelles, 17 (1824): 223. Schübler, Gustav. "Ueber die Gewitter des Jahrs 1823 in Würtemburg und den angrenzenden Gegenden." Journal für Chemie und Physik, 41(1824): 26-47, at 35-36. Schübler identifies this "pulver," examined under a microscope, as pollen, which fell during a warm summer storm.]


1823 May 13 / Yellow dust called "sulphur" / Crailsheim / Bull. des Sciences 1/1/301. [I; 1050. (Bulletin des Sciences 1/1/301).]


[1823 May 20 /] 1822 May 20 / Ragusa / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 947. Greg, 69.]


1823 May 22 / In Nature, 14/195, T. W. Webb writes that he saw a small luminous body near Venus. [I; 1051. Webb, Thomas William. "The Satellite of Venus." Nature, 14 (June 29, 1876): 193-195, at 195. The object might have been the star Mebsuta, (Epsilon Geminorum), with an apparent magnitude of about 3, with Venus at an apparent magnitude of about -4.]  


[1823 May 23 /] 1822 May 23 / Kiel; Denmark / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 949. Greg, 69.]


1823 May 30 / Waters of Lake Erie suddenly rose 9 feet. / BA '54. [I; 1052. Mallet, 150. "The water then fell, and rose again twice to the height of 7 feet. In twenty minutes it resumed its original level, and all was still again."]


1823 June 12 / 8 p.m. / Metite / Angers, France / taken up immediately—"not particularly warm" / Quar Jour Roy Inst 14-447. [I; 1053. "Meteors (on their nature)." Quarterly Journal of Science and the Arts, Royal Institution of Great Britain, 14 (1823): 447-448.]


1823 June 19 / 9:30 p.m. / Tornado / Morgan, Ohio / Finleys Rept. [I; 1054. Finley, 3.]


1823 June 22 - July 17 / Volc / Iceland / C.R. 51-68. [I; 1055. Pjetursson. "Sur une nouvelle éruption d'un volcan islaidais." Comptes Rendus, 51 (1860): 67-68. "En 1823, du 22 juin au 18 juillet." The Katla volcano.]


1823 June 22 / Loud sounds southern Iceland. On 26th, violent eruption of Kotlungian. Ashes covered ships 90 miles at sea. / Q. J. Roy Inst 16-396. [I; 1056. "Volcanic Eruption in Iceland." Quarterly Journal of Science and the Arts, Royal Institution of Great Britain, 16 (1824): 396. The Katla volcano]


1823 June 26 - July 23 / Eruption of Katla, Iceland / Smithsonian Inst Rept. 1885-510. [I; 1057. "Volcanic Eruptions and Earthquakes in Iceland within Historic Times." Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian, 1885, 495-541, at 510.]


1823 July 23 / Blairgowrie / Waterspout / LT, Aug 8-2-d. [I; 1058. "Atmospheric Phenomenon." London Times, August 8, 1823, p. 2 c. 4.]


1823 July 24 and 25 / Two remarkable spots on sun, by Pastoroff / (N.M.) / CR 49/811. [I; 1059. "Astronomie.—Lettre de M. Herrick à M. Le Verrier." Comptes Rendus, 44 (1857): 810-812.]


1823 July / In a heavy th. storm, a ball of heavy material—ab. 7 inches in circumference, and weighing 8 ounces—fell at Coddenham, in Suffolk. / New Monthly Mag 9-383. [I; 1060. "Provincial Occurrences." New Monthly Magazine and Literary Journal, n.s., 9 (1823): 380-384, at 383, c.v. "Suffolk.".]


1823 July 30 / Leipzig / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1061, Greg, 69.]


1823 Aug 7 / q / Ragussa / See Aug 20. [I; 1062. Mallet, 151-152.]


1823 Aug 7 / Aerolite . Also 1822 / E. Mec 79/383. [I; 1063. See: 1822 Aug 7, (I; 979). (English Mechanic, 79: 383; should be 1904).]


1823 Aug. 7 / See Sept., 1826. / Nobleborough, Maine / Metite / (F) / or Oct 11? [I; 1064. Fletcher, 100. This is the Nobleborough meteorite. See: 1826 Sept, (I; 1283).]


1823 Aug 9 / Singen / N.E. to S.W. / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1065. Greg, 69.]


1823 Aug 12 / Tubingen / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1066. Greg, 69.]


[1823 Aug 13 /] 1825 Aug 13 / by M. Hansteen / ab. 11 a.m. / ac field of his telescope / a luminous point with a sinuous movement / thought not been a meteor—may been a bird / Arago, Oeuvres XI/575. [I; 1201. "Falling Star seen at Mid-day." Edinburgh Philosophical Journal, 12 (1825): 406-407. Dick, Thomas. "Remarks on Professor Hansteen's Account of a Shooting Star, seen in the Day-time." Edinburgh Philosophical Journal, 13 (1825): 167-170. "Etoiles filantes en plein jour." Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2 v. 30 (1825): 416-421. Arago, François. Oeuvres Complètes de François Arago. Paris: Gide, 1859, v. 11, 575-576. Christopher Hansteen gave the date of this observation as August 13, 1823.]


1823 Aug 19 / Munich / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1067. Greg, 69.]


1823 Aug 20 / Ragusa / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1068. Greg, 69.]


1823 Aug 20 / q and met at Ragussa / and q there on 7th / BA 54. [I; 1069. Mallet, 151-152.]


1823 Aug 20 / Ragusa / Met and q, and sea retired nearly a mile from coast. / and Turkish Bosnia / B.A., '54. [I; 1070. Mallet, 152. "A meteor appeared immediately before the shock."]


1823 Aug 20 / q phe / dark / at Ragusa / L.T. Oct. 21-2-b / "On the 20th the air became suddenly dark. A fiery meteor appeared over the city, and fell into the sea, followed by an earthquake that overthrew many houses. The sea retired nearly a mile from the shore. Felt strongly in Turkish Bosnia. There it was reported that a volcano had broken loose. [I; 1071.1, 1071.2. "Ancona, Sept. 21." London Times, October 21, 1823, p. 2 c. 2. "On the 20th the air became suddenly dark. A fiery meteor appeared over the city, fell into the sea, and was followed by an earthquake, which overthrew many houses—several persons were killed. The sea retired nearly a mile from the coast. The first shock was felt in Turkish Bosnia; it caused an immense piece of rock to fall, which, rolling into the sea, struck a vessel laden with flour, and buried it, with its crew, in the waves. It is reported that a volcano has broken out in that province."]


1823 Aug 23 / Report 54/153 / That Aug 23, 1823, this time a mass of rock was moved from its place and rolled away, but that on all other occasions no such distinct earthquake phe. 9 occurrences of the sound listed for Oct and Nov, 1824, "unaccompan[ied] by any shock". [I; 1072.1, 1072.2. Mallet, 152, 162. "Detonations were heard in this island on the 14th, 25th, 28th, and 29th of October, and 1st, 2nd, 11th, 12th, and 15th of November, unaccompanied by any shock." Partsch, Paul. Bericht über das Detonationsphaenomen auf der Insel Meleda bey Ragusa. Vienna: J.G. Heubner., 1826, 75-87.]


1823 Aug 25 / Asia Minor / q. / II / [Medium / BA 1911]. [I; 1073. Milne, 702.]


1823 ab. Aug 25 / th stone / Cor sends stone to editor of A J. Sci (7-56), saying that people of Stamford, Conn., thought it had fallen from a thunder cloud. It was a composition of sulphur in granite. People named hill on which said fallen "Brimstone Hill". [I; 1074.1, 1074.2. "Sulphur in Granite." American Journal of Science, 7 (1824): 56-57.]


1823 Aug 26 / At Dreux, France. Whirlwind called waterspout. Blackish vapor and flames in the middle of it. Hailstones size of fists fell. / A. J. Sci 10/184. [I; 1075. "Remarkable Water-spout in France, in 1823." American Journal of Science, 10 (1826): 183-184.]


1823 Aug 29 / LT, 2-c, from Nottingham Review / Spook—bed post / For 5 or 6 weeks in a house in Warsop. A sound like quacking of a duck, beginning at 3 p.m. and continuing until morning. When the occupants were in bed, the sound seemed to come from one of the bed posts. [A; 76.1, 76.2. "Ghost Extraordinary." London Times, August 29, 1823, p. 2 c. 3.]


1823 Sept 9 / See Sept 226. / In Silesia / 1:30 p.m. /Sound like thunder / like whirlwind phe / BA 54/153. [I; 1076. Mallet, 152-153.]


1823 Sept 13 / [London Times], 2-c / Volc in Iceland. [I; 1077. "Volcanic Eruption." London Times, September 13, 1823, p. 2 c. 3. "...the volcano at Kollergean, in that island, which had been quiet for 68 years, made a terrible eruption on the 26th of July last, accompanied by an earthquake...." This may be a report of an eruption of the Katla volcano, at the Mýrdalsjökull glacier in Iceland, (which had erupted between June 26 and July 23, 1823, and previously in 1755 and 1756).]


1823 Sept 16 / Genoa / whirl like Aug 26 / Same ref. [I; 1078. "Remarkable Water-spout in France, in 1823." American Journal of Science, 10 (1826): 183-184.]


1823 Oct 3 / Konigsberg / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1079. Greg, 69.]


1823 Oct 10 / (+) / Letter from M. Flauguergues, to Baron Zach—that[t] he had not seen any spots on the sun for the preceding 16 months. / Edin J. Sci 1-370. [I; 1080. "Long absence of the solar spots." Edinburgh Journal of Science, 1 (1824): 370.]


1823 Oct. 10 / 10 h / Venus / Inf conjunction / (Al). [I; 1081.]


1823 Oct. 11 / Aug 7 (?) // Nobleboro / Metite fell among sheep. / A. J. Sci 7-171 / Analysis / 9/400 // (F) = Aug 7. [I; 1082. Cleaveland, Parker. "Notice of the late Meteor in Maine." American Journal of Science, 7 (1824): 170-171. "Aerolite of Maine." American Journal of Science, 9 (1825): 400. Fletcher,  100. The Nobleboro meteorite fell on August 7, 1823.]


1823 Oct 19 / —16 h / Mercury / Inf conjunction (?) / (Al). [I; 1083.]


1823 Oct 23 / Sharply defined circular spot, by Biela / Webb, Celestial Objects, p. 43. [I; 1084. Webb, William Thomas. Celestial objects for common telescopes. 4th ed. London: Longmans, Green, 1881, 43.]


1823 Oct 23 / Slight shocks and ext. heat, at Minschrift, Siberia. / BA 54. [I; 1085. Mallet, 153.]


1823 Oct 27 / Polt stones / [London Times], 3-b / = Monday -- L.T. / A ghost at Pimlico—for 2 weeks reports that a ghost, in various forms, had been seen. Night of 21st, showers of "stones, brickbats and missiles" broke almost every pane of glass at Nos. 4, 5, 6, 7 Elizabeth-place, Queen Street. Some of the stones weighed at least seven pounds. Origin could not be discovered. Night of 22nd, about the same hour, and 23rd, "same time precisely, more showers, breaking furniture. Said that constables and watchmen were on guard but that the "diabolical offender" could not be discovered. / So definite story of stones but no definite story of ghost seen. [A; 77.1, 77.2, 77.3. "Extraordinary Outrage." London Times, October 27, 1823, p. 3 c. 2. "Persons ventured out, but could not discover from whence the stones came. Wednesday night, about the same hour, the very same outrage was commenced with rather increased fury. Constables, watchmen, &c, were procured by the inhabitants; every corner was searched, but in vain. On Thursday, at the same time precisely, it commenced again, and some valuable glasses and furniture were destroyed; but the diabolical offender could not be discovered."]


1823 Nov 17 / China / Q / III / [Heavy / BA 1911]. [I; 1086. Milne, 702.]


1823 Nov 21 / Freiburg, etc. / loud sound and q / BA 54/153. [I; 1087. Mallet, 153. "The sound was heard at one or two places where the shock was not perceptible."]


1823 Nov 24 / Stockholm and other places in Sweden—"a dull sound that seemed to come down from the atmosphere["]—then a violent tempest. Shock not felt in mines. [I; 1088. Mallet, 153.]


1823 Nov 26 / Shock / Calcutta / BA 54. [I; 1089. Mallet, 154.]


1823 Nov. 27 / Aerolite? / See Nov. 29, 1809. [I; 1090. Fort refers to Capocci's list of aerolites falling at the end of November, in: 1809 Nov. 29, (I; 311). "Falling Stars." Athenæum, 1840 (no. 686; December 19): 1013.]


1823 Nov 30 / 3:10 p.m. / Martinique / q and sea waves / Heat had been suffocating. Abundant rain followed q and lasted 10 days. / BA 54. [I; 1091. Mallet, 154.]


1823 Nov. 30 / Q and great rain at Martinique / C.R. 16-1292 / See Nov 30, '24. [I; 1092. Perrey, Alexis. "Note historique sur les tremblements de terre des Antilles." Comptes Rendus, 16 (1843): 1283-1303, at 1292. "30 novembre, 3h 10m du soir, à la Martinique, forte ondulation précédée d'un bruit très intense. Il avait fait dans la journée une chaleur étouffante. Un raz de marée eut lieu après la secousse et occasionna quelques accidents dans les ports; une pluie très-abondante suivit aussi ce phénomène et dura dix jours."]


1823 Dec 6 / Aix / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1093. Greg, 70.]


1823 Dec 13 / Belley (Ain) / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1094. Greg, 70.]


1823 Dec 13 or 16 / Belley (Ain), France / Shock said by some persons occurred at 1 a.m. At 3 a.m., an explosion, and ac to one person, the heavens appeared on fire. / listed with q's / B Assoc 54/154. [I; 1095. Mallet, 154.]


1823 Dec. 13 / 3 a.m. / Bellay (Ain) / q, and sky as if on fire / C.R. 17-622. [I; 1096. Perrey, Alexis. "Nouvelles recherches sur les tremblements de terre ressentis en Europe et dans les parties adjacentes de l'Afrique et de l'Asie, de 1801 à juin 1843." Comptes Rendus, 17 (September 25, 1843): 608-625, at 622. "Le 13 décembre 1823, on ressentit, vers 3 heures du matin, des secousses assez fortes à Bellay (Ain). Un habitant de Bexonces, qui était parti de ce village de très-grand matin, rapporta qu'étant sur le sommet de la montagne à 3 heures de la nuit, le ciel lui parut tout en feu, un instant après la détonation qui accompagna les commotions souterraines, quoique aucun météore ne parût alors sur l'horizon." Bellay and Bexonces, in Comptes Rendus, should be Belley and Bénonces.]


1824:


1824 / Meleda / See Humboldt. / Cosmos 1-205. [I; 1097. Humboldt, Alexander von. Elise Charlotte Otté, trans. Cosmos: a Sketch of a Physical Description of the Universe. London: H.G. Bohn, 1848, v. 1, 205.]


[1824. Wrong date. See: 1826 Dec 17, (A; 78).]


1824 Jan 1 - 10 / One large spot on sun / Sci Gazette 1-40. [I; 1098. (Sci Gazette 1-40. Probably: Scientific Gazette, or Library of Mechanical Philosophy Chemistry and Discovery, @ BL, Oxford, Cambridge, Univ. of Edinburgh.)]


1824 Jan / q's. / Philippines / II [medium] / BA '11. [I; 1099. Milne, 702.]


1824 Jan 6 - 7 / night / Bohemia / The first of many shocks. On Jan 1, a sound like thunder. / BA 54-155. [I; 1100. Mallet, 154.]


1824 Jan 13 / Bohemia / q—wells in several places which for years been dry suddenly filled with water. / BA 54. [I; 1101. Mallet, 156.]


1824 Jan 15 / q—stat above / (Cut) / Boves, Piedmont 3 shocks / 12:20 / 12:30 / 2 a.m. / A meteoric stone fell in this day at Arenazzo, near Ferrara (Chladni). / B Assoc '54/156 / (F). [I; 1102. Mallet, 156. Fletcher, 100. Chladni, Ernst Florens Friedrich. "Neue Beiträge sur Kenntniss der Feuermeteore und der herabgefallenen Massen." Annalen der Physik und Chemie, s. 2 v. 6 (1826): 21-35, at 27-28. This is the Renazzo meteorite.]


1824 Jan 13 or Feb. 6 / (It) / Renazzo, Bologna, Italy / Metite / B.A., '60. [I; 1103. Greg, 70.]


[1824 Jan 19. Wrong date. See: 1825 Jan 19, (I; 1104).]


1824 toward end of Jan. / Many stones near Arenazzo, Bologna / An de Chimie 2/31/261. [I; 1105. Chladni, Ernst Florens Friedrich. "Nouveau Catalogue des chutes de pierres ou de fer; de poussières ou de substances molles, sèches ou humides, suivant l'ordre chronologique."Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2 v. 31 (1826): 253-269, at 261.]


1824 Jan 22 / [London Times], 2-c / 27-3-e / Feb 5-3-c / Comet. [I; 1106. "The Comet on the 7th of January...." London Times, January 22, 1824, p. 2 c. 3. "A comet is now visible...." London Times, January 27, 1824, p. 3 c. 5. "There are certain phenomena in the present comet...." London Times, February 5, 1824, p. 3 c. 3. The Great Comet of 1823, (C/1823 Y1), was discovered on December 29, 1823. This twin-tailed comet was already visible to the naked eye when first observed and was last observed on April 1, 1824.]


1824 Jan 30 / "terrible shocks" / Philippines / BA 54. [I; 1107. Mallet, 157.]


1824 Feb 3 / Waterford / Lightning reduces a girl to ashes. [A; 79. "The parish of Aglish, in the West of the County Waterford...." Waterford Mail, February 11, 1824, p. 2 c. 5. "The parish of Aglish, in the West of the County Waterford, was on Tuesday visited by a thunder storm, in which a young woman was struck dead by the lightning, and two children dreadfully scorched."]


1824 Feb 4 / Shocks / Sardinia / and a "noise like that of a storm" / BA '54. [I; 1108. Mallet, 157.]


[1824 Feb 11] / B / Irkutsk / slight shock / Feb 11, 1824 / 3 severe shocks, March 8 / BA Rept '54/124. [I; 1109. Mallet, 158.]


1824 Feb 18 / or, other accounts, May 14—stone weighing 5 pounds fell at Irkutsk, Siberia. / Rept B. Assoc 1860/70 / See 1829. [I; 1110. Greg, 70.]


1824 Feb. 21 / Greece / Ionian island of Santa Maura / q. / I / [light / BA 1911]. [I; 1111. Milne, 702.]


1824 Feb 26 / [London Times], 3-b / q / Bergen, Norway. [I; 1112. "At Bergen, in Norway, on the 6th ult...." London Times, February 26, 1824, p. 3 c. 2.]


1824 March 1 / Berlin / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1113. Greg, 70.]


1824 March 24 / Op Mars / Annals of Phil 23/107 / ac to Francis Baily. [I; 1114. Baily, Francis. "On the ensuing Opposition of Mars." Annals of Philosophy, n.s. v. 7 (1824): 107-108.]


1824 April 10 / Very severe shocks, Jamaica, preceded by a violent wind. / BA 54. [I; 1115. Mallet, 159. Milne, 702.]


1824 Ap. 17 / Linlithgowshire / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1116. Greg, 70.]


1824 Ap. 20 / ab. 3 a.m./ "Terrible" q / St Thomas, W. Indies / BA 54. [I; 1117. Mallet, 159. Milne, 702.]


1824 from last of May to last of Aug. /No sunspots were observed by Flaugergues. / Edin J. Sci 2/172. [I; 1118. "Spots on the Sun in 1824." Edinburgh Journal of Science, 2 (1825): 172.]


1824 June 23 / Q in Persia, and renewal of volc in Java which began on 9th. / BA 54. [I; 1119. Mallet, 160. The volcano, "Gunong Api" on the island of Banda, was Banda Api." Milne, 702.]


1824 June 25 / 5:30 a.m. / Shiraz / great q / An Reg '24-72. [I; 1120. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 66 (1824): 1-180, at 72-73, cv. "Earthquake."]


1824 July / D-84 / fish / Meerut, India / Liv Age 52/186. ** [I; 1121. The note copies information from page 84 of The Book of the Damned. Buist, George. "Showers of fish." Living Age, 52 (1857): 186. "In July, 1824, fish fell at Meerut on the men of His Majesty's 14th, then out at drill, and were caught in numbers."]


1824 ab July 1 / Herrings / Shalhinday, Bleachfield, Eng. / Phil Mag 64/152. [I; 1122. Inglis, Gavin. "Supposed Effects of a Water-Spout." Philosophical Magazine, 64 (August, 1824): 152-154. "On Wednesday last week, my servants informed me that they had seen a quantity of small herrings lying upon the potato ground, where they had that morning been ploughing, and that they could think of no way by which they could come there, except by the heavy shower that fell the night before. Upon expressing my disbelief of this, they said if I would go to a particular spot, which was on the north of the public road, about three to four hundred yards to the west of Finnity, I should probably find some still lying. I went accordingly, and picked up eight or ten small herrings from two to two inches and a half long. I saw several more, but these were dashed by the fall. This was about eleven o'clock A.M., and the crows and sea-gulls had been very busy all morning. I examined the servants as to the quantity: they said they were lying very thick, along a tract of about fifteen to twenty yards in breadth, and one hundred in length across the potatoe ground...."]


1824 July 13 or 14 / Tidal Wave / Coast of Devonshire. Had been fine weather but "the atmosphere seem to be charged with electric matter." Gents Mag, Aug., 1824 / But from the south and west a "continued peal of thunder was heard, which lasted for many hours." Then a huge tidal wave rushed up the river Dart. [I; 1123.1, 1123.2. "(Phenomenon on the Devonshire Coast)." Gentleman's Magazine, 94 pt. 2 (August 1824): 101-102.]


1824 July 18 / departments of France. Eastern Pyrenees, Aude, Tarn, etc. / Lightning in the sky and flashes like lightning all day at Carcassone. / No thunder heard // At ab. 10:20, a q or shock. / See Feb 24. / B Assoc 54/160 / (Feb 24 see).] [I; 1124. Mallet, 160. ("See Feb 24" does not appear to refer to another of Fort's notes nor a quake in Mallet's catalog. There was a fiery whirlwind at Carcassone; see: 1826 Aug 26, (I; 1280).]


1824 July 18 / France—Eastern Pyrenees / ab 10:20 p.m. / At Mont-Louis, where weather had been clear, a violent storm immediately after the q. / BA 54 / At Perpignan air seemed filled with burning vapors. At Carcassone a blast of wind as if from an explosion. During the day all points of horizon illuminated by lightning but no thunder. [I; 1125.1, 1125.2. Mallet, 160.]


[1824 July 24] / Singular disease in Italy / LT, 1824, July 24-2-b. [A; 89. "A singular species of disease prevails in Italy...." London Times, July 24, 1824, p. 2 c. 2. The disease was called "spina ventosa," and is now identified as tuberculosis dactylitis. This tuberculosis of the bones is not confined to Italy, (particularly of the hands and feet), and was described by Alexis Boyer, in 1803, and identified by Auguste Nélaton, in 1837.]


[1824 July 27 /] 1824 Sept 3 / (Hun) / [London Times], 2-c / Fires and Storms in Hungary. [I; 1139. "Vienna, Aug. 20." London Times, September 3, 1824, p. 2 c. 3.]


1824 July 29 / Eruption / Canary Islands / lasted into Oct or Nov / BA 54. [I; 1126. Mallet, 161.]


[1824 Aug. 8 /] 1824 Aug 17 / [London Times], 3-a / q / Comrie. [I; 1134. "On the morning of Sunday se'nnight...." London Times, August 17, 1824, p. 3 c. 1. Mallet, 161.]


1824 Aug 11 or 12 / Tuscany, Italy / Fireball BA 60. [I; 1127. Greg, 70.]


1824 Aug 11 and 12 / Qs and dry fog in Tuscany / C.R. 17-622. [I; 1128. Perrey, Alexis. "Nouvelles recherches sur les tremblements de terre ressentis en Europe et dans les parties adjacentes de l'Afrique et de l'Asie, de 1801 à juin 1843." Comptes Rendus, 17 (September 25, 1843): 608-625, at 622. "Plus tard, avant les secousses des 11 et 12 août 1824, on remarqua en Toscane un brouillard d'une nature particulière autour de cet astre"; "cet astre" being the Sun.]


1824 Aug 11 - 12 / (Cut) / night / Alps—a traveller reported a 3-minute globe of fire. / Arago, Oeuvres XI/573. [I; 1129. Arago, François. Oeuvres Complètes de François Arago. Paris: Gide, 1859, v. 11, 573. "Un voyageur rapporte qu'en traversant les Alpes dans la nuit du 11 au 12 août, il a aperçu un globe de feu qui répandait la plus vive clarté sur l'atmosphère. Le phénomène a duré trois minutes."]


1824 Aug 12 / Romagna, Italy / q. / I / [light / BA 1911]. [I; 1130. Milne,702.]


1824 Aug 13 / On 12th, a fireball. / Next morning, "a mist of peculiar character". / Then early morn shocks. / Tuscany / BA 54/161. [I; 1131. Mallet, 161. "Supplément à la Liste des Tremblemens de terre insérée dans le XXIVe volume." Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2 v. 27 (1824): 376-380, at 379.]


[1824 Aug 13. Wrong date. See: 1824 Aug 23, (I; 1136).]


1824 Aug 18 / At Harderwyck, in Guelderland. News from Brussels, in Leeds Mercury, Sept 11. A tremendous noise, so great people thought roofs coming down, and q. [I; 1133. "Brussels, Sept. 1." Leeds Mercury, September 11, 1824, p. 2 c. 3. "Supplément à la Liste des Tremblemens de terre insérée dans le XXIVe volume." Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2 v. 27 (1824): 376-380, at 379-380. Mallet, 161.]


[1824 Aug 17. Wrong date. See: 1824 Aug. 8, (I; 1134).]


1824 summer / D-84 / Fish / Fifeshire, Scotland / Wernerian Nat Hist Soc Trans 5/575. ** [I; 1135. The note copies information from page 84 of The Book of the Damned. "History of the Society." Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society, 5 pt. 2 (1824-1825): 565-579, at 575, c.v. "1825. Mar. 19." "A letter from Mr James Fotheringham, Gairny Bridge, was then read, giving a general Account of the Shower of Fishes supposed to have fallen in the west of Fifeshire last summer." The fall of herrings at Bernardy, Scotland, took place in June of 1824, (probably June 30); and, it was further reported in: "Supposed Effects of a Water-Spout." Philosophical Magazine, August 1824, 152-154. See: "1824 ab July," (I; 1122).]


1824 Aug 23 / Mendoza, Argentine / Fireball and meteoric dust / ac to Poggendorff / BA 60. [I; 1136. Greg, 70. Greg questions this item and gives the date as August "23." Chladni, Ernst Florens Friedrich. "Neue Beiträge sur Kenntniss der Feuermeteore und der herabgefallenen Massen." Annalen der Physik und Chemie, s. 2 v. 6 (1826): 21-35, at 28. Chladni gives the date as "1824, den 23. August."]


[1824 Aug 23 /] 1824 Aug 13 / Dust from a black cloud over Buenos Aires and 40 leagues away discharged again. / Thomson, Intro to Met—p. 158. [I; 1132. Thomson, David Purdie. Introduction to Meteorology. London: William Blackwood and Sons, 1849, 158. "...on the 13th of August 1824, dust fell from a black cloud, at the city of Mendoza, in Buenos Ayres,—at the distance of forty leagues, the same cloud again discharged itself."]


1824 Sept. 2 / 6 p.m. / In Leeds Mercury, Sept 11, a writer says a bog had burst and denies that the muddy deluge had come from the interior of the earth. He says that more water poured out than the bog could have contained; so he thinks that a waterspout must have fallen upon the bog. According to another cor., the highlands of the moors had opened into two chasms and the phe. was the effect of an earthquake. / This muddy water was of volume so great that factories along the River Aire had to suspend some of their processes. / Sept 18th, that the river remained turbid for 10 days—then another

flood of black, boggy water from heavy rains raised the river 18 inches. But these flows of boggy water had never occurred before. Place was 9 miles from Keighley and 6 from Colne—known as Crow Hill. Ground not described as a bog but as a moor saturated with water so that it trembled under foot. Water drained from it in "small rivulets". The two "chasms" about same size were each ab 1200 yards circumference and 4 to 6 yards deep. Stones of "enormous size" were carried by the torrent. (This by the writer who denies that water came from inside earth.)  [I; 1137.1 to 1137.7. "Disruption of a Bog." Leeds Mercury, September 11, 1824, p. 3 c. 2. The second chasm was "much less in extent" than the dimensions given above. Bronte, P. "To the Editor of the Leeds Mercury." Leeds Mercury, September 18, 1824, p. 3 c. 5.]


1824 Sept 2 / At Haworth, near Leeds, Yorkshire, during th, storm, two chasms in a moor appeared and from it a mixture of mud and water in a flood from 40 to 70 yards wide. / L.T., Sept 9-2-e / Clouds copper-colored. At Leeds the water of river Aire so discolored by this mud that the people could not use it. [I; 1138.1, 1138.2. "Extraordinary Phenomenon." London Times, September 9, 1824, p. 2 c. 5.]


[1824 Sept 3. Wrong date. See: 1824 July 27, (I; 1139).]


1824 Sept 13 / St Petersburg / Fireball in daytime / BA 60. [I; 1140. Greg, 70.]


1824 Sept. 24 / Meleda / 205. [I; 1141. Humboldt, Alexander von. Elise Charlotte Otté, trans. Cosmos: a Sketch of a Physical Description of the Universe. London: H.G. Bohn, 1848, v. 1, 205. Although Humboldt gives the dates of "March, 1822, to September, 1824," for the period during which detonations were recorded at Meleda by Partsch, the phenomena were recorded until February 18, 1826. Partsch, Paul. Bericht über das Detonationsphaenomen auf der Insel Meleda bey Ragusa. Vienna: J.G. Heubner, 1826, 210-211. No reference is given to the phenomena on the date of September 24, (1824).]


1824 Sept / Pyrites / Orenburg / Rus. / (94). [I; 1142. Greg, Robert Philips. "Observations on Meteorolites or Aërolites, considered geographically, statistically, and cosmologically, accompanied by a complete catalogue." London, Edinburgh and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, s. 4 v. 8 (1854): 329-342, 449-463, at 463. These objects were described as hailstones "enclosing crystals of pyrites."]


1824 some days before Sept 16 / Near Orenburg / Annales de Chimie 30-431 /// 88/7. [I; 1143. "Grèle extraordinaire."Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2 v. 30 (1825): 431-432. Eversmann, Eduard Friedrich. "Aërolithen-Hagel, beobachtet zu Sterlitamak, 200 Werst von Orenburg in Siberien." Archiv für die gesammte Naturlehre, 4 (1825): 196-198. "Hagel mit metallischem Kern." Annalen der Physik, 76 (1824): 340-341. Chladni, Ernst Florens Friedrich. "Neue Beiträge sur Kenntniss der Feuermeteore und der herabgefallenen Massen." Annalen der Physik und Chemie, s. 2 v. 6 (1826): 21-35, at 30-31. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 7 (July 1834): 289-308, at 303. Clarke gives the date of the fall at Sterlitamak as "October 20, 1824."]


1824 / Orenburg / Some of these crystals are in the Vienna Museum of Nat. Hist. / Sc Am 81/343. [I; 1144. Farrington, Oliver Cummings. "The Vienna Meteorite Collection." Scientific American, n.s., 81 (November 25, 1899): 343. "In connection with these are shown materials which have fallen from the atmosphere at different times but which are doubtless of terrestrial origin. Some of these are red dust from a red snow which fell in Switzerland in 1818, crystals of marcasite which formed the kernel of hail stones that fell in Russia in 1824, fragments of calcite the size of a pea that fell on the deck of sa ship near San Domingo in 1822, and last of all a series of so-called pseudo-meteorites...."]


1824 Sept 29 / Philippines / q / III / [Heavy / BA 1911]. [I; 1145. Milne, 702.]


1824 Oct. 14 / Zebrak, Horzowitz, Bohemia / Metite / (F). [I; 1146. Fletcher, 100. This is the Zebrak meteorite. Greg, 70.]


1824 Oct 20 / Sterlitamak, Russia / iron pyrites in hail / BA 60. [I; 1147. Greg, 70. Hermann, Rudolph. "Sur une Grêle qui contenait des noyaux minéraux." Annales des Mines, s. 3 v. 5 (1834): 519-520. Hermann, Rudolph. "Untersuchungen verschiedener in Russland gefallener meteorischer Substanzen." Annalen der Physik und Chemie, s. 2 v. 28 (1833): 566-576, at 570-574. Hermann, Rudolph. "Untersuchungen verschiedener in Russland gefallener meteorischer Substanzen." Bulletin de la Société impériale des naturalistes de Moscou, 5 (1832): 44-63, at 53-58.]


[1824 Oct 20. Wrong date. See: 1833 July 4, (I; 1148).]


1824 Oct. 20 / Moon / 5 a.m. / by Gruithuisen / On dark part of moon, an illumination from the Sea of Clouds to lat Copernicus / said be 250 miles by 125 / disap. / six minutes later, a pale light in southern extremity [of] the region—then from 5:30 until daybreak, pulsations like those of this earth / said be auroral / Flammarion, Pop. Astro, p. 195 / Sc Am Sup 7/2712. [I; 1149.1, 1149.2. Flammarion, Camille. Astronomie populaire. Paris: C. Marpon et E. Flammarion, 1880, 195. Flammarion, Camille. "Is the Moon Inhabited?" Scientific American Supplement, 7 (nos. 169 and 170; March 29, and, April 5, 1879): 2696, 2711-2712, at 2712.]


1824 Oct 26 / Philippines / q / III / [Heavy / BA 1911]. [I; 1150. Milne, 702.]


1824 Nov 13 - 14 / night / q and fireball / BA '54-162 / at Mayence. [I; 1151. Mallet, 162. Greg, 70.]


[1824 Nov. 15. Wrong date. See: 1824 Nov 30, (I; 1152).]


1824 Nov. 16 / Bonn / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1153. Greg, 70.]


1824 Nov. 27 / Prague / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1154. Greg, 70.]


1824 Nov. 27 / Aerolite? / See Nov. 29, 1809. [I; 1155. Fort refers to Capocci's list of aerolites falling at the end of November, in: 1809 Nov. 29, (I; 311). "Falling Stars." Athenæum, 1840 (no. 686; December 19): 1013.]


[1824 Nov 30 /] 1824 Nov. 15 / Martinique / 3:30 p.m. / q. / preceded by great heat which ceased after shock, and heavy rain started and fell for 10 days / BA 54. [I; 1152. Mallet, 163.]


1824 Nov. 30 / 3:30 p.m. / q. / Martinique, preceded by great heat which ceased with shock / BA 54. [I; 1156. Mallet, 163.]


1824 Nov 30 / Cosenza, Calabria / q followed by heavy rain / BA 54. [I; 1157. Mallet, 163.]


1824 Nov. 30 / In Antilles / violent q. / tremendous sound and torrents of rain though in dry season / C.R. 16-1292. [I; 1158. Perrey, Alexis. "Note historique sur les tremblements de terre des Antilles." Comptes Rendus, 16 (1843): 1283-1303, at 1292. "30 novembre, 3h30m du soir, aux Antilles, tremblement très-fort; bruit extraordinairement intense; refroidissement subit de l'atmosphère après la secoussel; puis raz de marée et pluies diluvialesl quoique dans la saison sèche."]


1824 Dec 6 / 2 p.m. / Shock / Portsmouth, England / An Reg '24-166. [I; 1159. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 66 (1824): 1-180, at 166, cv. "Earthquake." "...soon after the shock, a stratum of low electric clouds sprang up with the wind from the S.W...."]


1824 Dec 8, etc. / By Parry, in J / a brilliant meteor / 7:15 p.m., Dec 8 // Dec 9 / bet. 4 and 5 p.m. / another // Dec 12 / 5 meteors in 1/4 hour // Dec 14 / several /// Parry, Journal of a Third Voyage, p. 72 / (KBR). [I; 1160. Parry, William Edward. Journal of a Third Voyage for the Discovery of a North-West Passage from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Philadelphia: H.C. Carey and I. Lea, 1826, 72-74.]


1824 Dec 10 / Mans, France / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1161. Greg, 70.]


1824 Dec 10 / [London Times] 10-2-c / 13-2-e / q / England. [I; 1162. "Earthquake in England." London Times, December 10, 1824, p. 2 c. 3. "Shock of an Earthquake." London Times, December 13, 1824, p. 2 c. 5. "...during the morning the sky had been filling with light clouds, and soon after the shock a stratum of low electric clouds sprang up with the wind from the S.W.; and the upper stratum changed from a gray to red and lake colours some time before the sun had set. If the shock was not caused by the fall of a meteorite upon the earth, it probably was the effect of the earth sinking somewhere in the southern part of England, in consequence of the great quantity of rain that has fallen during the last three months."]


1824 Dec 10 - 11 / q / Italy (Cosenza) / II / [Medium / BA 1911]. [I; 1163. Milne, 702.]


[1824 Dec 10 - 11 /] 1825 Dec 10 / Cosenza, Italy / q. / II [Medium] / BA '11. [I; 1228. Milne, 702.]


1824 Dec 12 / By Parry, at Port Bowen, in the Arctic / 5 mets in 1/4 hour / BA 76-152. [I; 1164. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, George Forbes, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke, Walter Flight. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors during the year 1875-76." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1876, 119-171, at 152-153. Parry, William Edward. Journal of a Third Voyage for the Discovery of a North-West Passage from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Philadelphia: H.C. Carey and I. Lea, 1826, 73-74.]


1824 Dec. 15 /Magdeburg / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1165. Greg, 70.]


1824 Dec 17 / Neuhaus, Bohemia / Ac to Boguslauski, a resinous substance fell after a fireball. / BA 60. [I; 1166. Boguslawski, Georg von. "Zehnter Nachtrag zu Chladni's Verzeichnisse der Feuermeteore und herabgefallenen Massen (Wien 1819)." Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Ergänzungsband, 4 (1854): 1-155, 353-456, at 43. "1824 December 17  6½ Uhr Abends fiel zu Neuhaus in Böhmen eine brennende harzige, oder klebrige Masse mit einer Feuerkugel (Nachtr. 1)." Chladni, Ernst Florens Friedrich. "Neue Beiträge sur Kenntniss der Feuermeteore und der herabgefallenen Massen." Annalen der Physik und Chemie, s. 2 v. 6 (1826): 21-35, at 31. Greg, 70.]


[1824 Dec 17 /] 1834 Dec 17 / Neuhaus, Bohemia / Stones, ac to Boguslawski / BA 60. [I; 1945. Greg, 74. Boguslawski, Georg von. "Zehnter Nachtrag zu Chladni's Verzeichnisse der Feuermeteore und herabgefallenen Massen (Wien 1819)." Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Ergänzungsband, 4 (1854): 1-155, 353-456, at 43.]


1824 Dec 17 / Resin (?) / Bohemia / D-72. [I; 1167. The note copies information from page 72 of The Book of the Damned. Greg, 70.]


[1824 Dec 23. Wrong date. See: 1825 Dec 23, (I; 1168; and, I; 1231).]


1825:

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             


1825 Jan. 2 / 5 a.m. / Valderno, Italy / ext. obj. / (3) / Sci. Gazette. 1825/99 / BA 60-70. [I; 1169.  (Scientific Gazette, 1825: 99.) Greg, 70. Greg gives the time in his remarks as "2 A.M."]


1825 Jan 2 / Arezzo / Fireball / W to E / 2 a.m. / BA 60. [I; 1170. Greg, 70. Thomson, David Purdie. Introduction to Meteorology. Edinburgh and London: W. Blackwood and Sons, 1849, 303-304. "Luminous Meteor." Annals of Philosophy, n.s. v. 12 (July 1826): 75-76. "Meteorologia." Antologia, 17 (February 1825): 134-135. Thomson gives the time as "2 A.M."; however, his source, (the Antologia article), gives the time as 5 A.M.]


1825 Jan. 2 / ab 5 a.m. / Tuscany / Great fireball and before and after many mets. / A. J. Sci 2/33/290. [I; 1171. Herrick, Edward Claudius. "Shooting Stars of January 2, 1862."American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 33 (1862): 290-291.]


1825 Jan 2 / 5 a.m. / Great abundance of meteors / Italy / Nature 65-199. [I; 1172. Henry, John R. "The Quadrantid Meteors." Nature, 65 (January 2, 1902): 198-199.]


1825 Jan 2 / Morning shower of mets at Tuscany, Italy / Proc. Amer Phil. Soc. 13-501. [I; 1173. Kirkwood, Daniel. "On the Meteors of January 2nd." Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 13 (1873): 501-502.]


1825 Jan 13 / Martinique / q and great heat up to moment of q. / BA 54. [I; 1174. Mallet, 164.]


1825 Jan 16 / evening / Oriang, India / Metite / BA '60. [I; 1175. Greg, 70.]


1825 Jan 17 / Bromberg / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1176. Greg, 70.]


1825 Jan 18, 21 / Iceland / q / II / [Medium / BA 1911]. [I; 1177. Milne, 702.]


1825 Jan 19 / q—torrents / Violent q / Ionian Islands / immediately afterward a heavy shower of rain / An. Reg 25-8. [I; 1178. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 67 (1825): 1-188, at 8, cv. "Earthquake in Santa Maura."]


[1825 Jan 19 /] 1824 Jan 19 / bet 11 a.m. and noon. / Q, Ionian Islands, followed by heavy rain which lasted several days. / BA 54. [I; 1104. Mallet, 164.]


1825 Jan 19 / Sand—600 miles off coast of Africa / Gent. Magaz, March, 1825. [I; 1179. "Singular Phenomenon." Gentleman's Magazine, 95 pt. 1 (March 1825): 223. "Transport de poussières à de grandes distances par le vent."Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2 v. 30 (1825): 430-431. The British vessel Clyde was covered with brown-colored sand.]


1825 Jan 19 / Greece and Albania / q / III / [Heavy / BA 1911]. [I; 1180. Milne, 702.]


1825 Jan 22 / Light near Aristarchus / same as Kater's—by Rev. J. B. Emmet / An Phil 28/338. [I; 1181.  Emmett, J.B. "Telescopic Observations on the Moon." Annals of Philosophy, n.s., 12 (1826): 337-342, at 338.]


1825 Jan 24 / Konigsberg / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1182. Greg, 70.]


1825 Jan 24 / Oaxaca, Mexico / q. / I / [Light / BA 1911]. [I; 1183. Milne, 702.]


1825 Jan 25 (?) / Pebbles / Orenburg, Russia / 94. [I; 1184. "Aërolites contained in hail." Quarterly Journal of Science and the Arts, Royal Institution of Great Britain, n.s., 4 (October to December, 1828): 447. "It is said by M. Nelioubin, that hailstones fell in the month of January, 1825, in the circle of Sterletamak, in the government of Orenbourg, which contained small stones...."  Neljubin, Alexander. "Chemische Untersuchung kleiner Aëroliten, die innerhalb der Hagelkörner enthalten waren, welche im Sterlitamak'schen Kreise des Orenburg'schen Gouvernement's aus der Luft niedersielen." Archiv für die gesammte Naturlehre, 10 (1827): 378-387.]


1825 Feb 3 / Nurenburg / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1185. Greg, 70.]


1825 Feb 4 / Cassell / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1186. Greg, 70.]


1825 Feb 8, 12, 13, 15, 16, 18, 19, 22, 26, 28 Meleda / BA '54. [I; 1187. Mallet, 166.]


1825 Feb. 10 / (F) / Metite—Nanjemoy, Maryland / A. J. Sci 9-351 / ab noon / Concussions 25 miles away / was thought an earthquake. / See 1829. [I; 1188. Carver, Samuel D. "Notice of a Meteoric Stone, which fell at Nanjemoy, Maryland, Februry 10th, 1825." American Journal of Science, 9 (1825): 351-353. Copied in: Carver, Samuel D. "Notice of a Meteoric Stone, which fell at Nanjemoy, Maryland, Februry 10th, 1825." Philosophical Magazine, 67 (February1826): 102-104. Chilton, George. "Analysis of the Maryland Aërolite." Philosophical Magazine, 67 (February1826): 104-107. Silliman, Benjamin. "Additional Notice of the Physical Characters of the Maryland Aërolite." Philosophical Magazine, 67 (February 1826): 107-109. Fletcher, 100. This is the Nanjemoy meteorite. Greg, 70.]


1825 March 2 / N. W. Africa / q. / III / [Heavy / BA 1911]. [I; 1189. Milne, 702.]


1825 March 2 - 7 / Tremendous q's / Algiers / An Reg '25-26. 7,000 bodies dug out of wreck of one town—preceding it all wells had gone dry. / BA '11. [I; 1190. Mallet, 166. Milne, 702. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 67 (1825): 1-188, at 26, cv. "Earthquake."]


1825 Ap 17 / Slight quakes Lunroe, Norway / but great qs and volc eruptions, Java, Borneo, Celebes / BA 54. [I; 1191. Mallet, 166. The volcano Banda Api erupted on April 22, 1824.]


1825 May 9 / Wirtemberg / sic // Meteor "with detonation?" / BA '60-100. [I; 1192. Greg, 100.]


1825 May 12 / Bayden, Wiltshire / Metite? / BA, '60. [I; 1193. Greg, 71. Chladni, Ernst Florens Friedrich. "Neue Beiträge sur Kenntniss der Feuermeteore und der herabgefallenen Massen." Annalen der Physik und Chemie, s. 2 v. 8 (1826): 45-60, at 49.]


1825 May 19 / 4 h / Venus / Inf. conjunction / (Al). [I; 1194.]


1825 June 14 / Volc / Goentoer, Java / N.M. / C.R. 70-878. [I; 1195. Backer, 880. The Guntur volcano.]


1825 July 5 / (Fish) / During a violent rainstorm at Kingwood, N.J., a sunfish 4 inches long fell into a backyard. / Niles Weekly Register, Aug. 27. [I; 1196. "Chronicle." Niles' Weekly Register, 28 (August 27, 1825): 415-416, at 416, cv. Trenton, July 30. "During a violent storm of rain on the 5th inst. in Kingwood, N.J. a sunfish, four inches long, fell into the yard of Nathaniel Archley, and was immediately taken up alive by him and placed in a tub of water where it swam about, right glad, apparently, to get into its native element. How this fish came there, we are at a loss to divine, as the place where it fell was more than a mile from any stream of water, and no person was near, save those who saw it as soon as it reached the earth, and who are willing to attest the truth of the foregoing singular occurrence."]


1825 July 5 / Spain / "Perhaps hailstones" / BA 60. [I; 1197. Greg, 70.]


1825 July 5 / (C) / Torrescillas del Campo, Spain / 2 p.m. / Many stones fell—said to have struck near 2 horses in fields. / Phipson, "Meteors," p. 44. [I; 1198. Phipson, Thomas Lamb. Meteors, Aerolites, and Falling Stars. London: L. Reeve, 1867, 44-45. "Aérolithes." Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2 v. 30 (1825): 421-422, at 422. Greg, 70-71. Greg suggests "perhaps hailstones." There are several villages and towns named "Torrecilla" and "Tordesillas" in Spain, but none apparently identified as "Torrescillas del Campo."]


1825 July 25 / at Marseilles / Comet discovered in Taurus / LT, Aug 9-2-c. [I; 1199. "On the 25th ult...." London Times, August 9, 1825, p. 2 c. 3. Comet C/1825 N1 was discovered by Jean-Louis Pons, on July 18, 1825.]


1825 July 28 / Cherson, Russia / Metite / BA '60. [I; 1200. Greg, 70.]


[1825 Aug 13. Wrong date. See: 1823 Aug 13, (I; 1201).]


1825 Aug 22 / Fireball / seen all over Holland / BA 60. [I; 1202. Greg, 70.]


1825 latter part of Aug. / ab 11 p.m. / Holland / blue light in / LT, Sept 26-2-f. [I; 1203. "Extraordinary Meteor." London Times, September 26, 1825, p. 2 c. 6. "...a singular aerial phenomenon took place at 11 o'clock in the evening, viz—a very considerable blue light was seen, which gave a most extraordinary appearance to all surrounding objects...." This undated illumination was probably caused by the fireball of August 22, (I; 1202).]


1825 Sept 10 / Liancourt, France / Fireball / 2/3 moon / N.E. to S.W. / BA 60. [I; 1204. Greg, 70.]


1825 Sept 17 - 18 / night / New comet discovered at Amsterdam, in Taurus / L.T., Oct 1-2-d. [I; 1205. "Accounts from Amsterdam...." London Times, October 1, 1825, p. 2 c. 4. This brief item provides some observations of Comet C/1825 N1 in the Netherlands.]


1825 Sept 20 / Hanover / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1206. Greg, 70.]


1825 Sept 20 / q. / Trinidad / BA '11/55. [I; 1207. Milne, 702. Mallet, 168.]


1825 Sept 20 / Trinidad, W.I. / q. / II / [Medium / BA 1911]. [I; 1208. Milne, 702.]


1825 Sept 20 / Demerara / q and sudden gust of wind / BA 54. [I; 1209. Mallet, 168. Demerara was a British colony and became part of Guyana.]


1825 Sept 24 / Leipzig / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1210. Greg, 70.]


1825 Sept 26 / 2:20 p.m. / Chile / q. / A. J. Sci 2/12/426. [I; 1211. Budge, R. "On the Great Earthquake experienced in Chile, April 2, 1851." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 12 (1851): 424-426, at 426. "Communication relative to the Great Earthquake experienced in Chile, April 2, 1851." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1851, Notices and Abstracts, 85-86.]


1825 Sept 27 / Honolulu. / (F). [I; 1212. Fletcher, 100. This is the Honolulu meteorite.]


1825 October / q / Persia / II / [Medium / BA 1911]. [I; 1213. Milne, 702.]


1825 Oct 17 / Prague / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1214. Greg, 70.]


1825 Oct 19 / Berlin / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1215. Greg, 70.]


1825 Oct 22 / Höxter / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1216, Greg, 70.]


1825 Oct 27 / Italy (Campbasso) / q / I / [light / BA 1911]. [I; 1217. Milne, 702.]


1825 Nov. / Great met / Ohio / BA 60. [I; 1218. Greg, 71.]


1825 Nov. 3 // L.T., Nov 30, 1825 / Thionville, France / In a storm in the forest of Calenhoven, a cloud of fire that appeared in t[he] forest and then traversed the horizon from north to south, followed by profound darkness. [I; 1219. "A very remarkable meteorological phenomenon...." London Times, November 30, 1825, p. 2 c. 3. "A very remarkable meteorological phenomenon took place of the 3d of this month in the forest of Calenhoven, in the arrondissement of Thionville. A waggoner, returning from Sierck to Filstroff, was passing through the forest beween six and seven o'clock in the evening, He had arrived within three-quarters of a league of Laumesfeld, when, during a violent storm, accompanied with thunder, the forest appeared to be suddenly on fire from one extremity to the other, and continued so for a quarter of an hour. The horses being terrified, became violently restive, and one of them breaking his harness, took flight and ran to the village, where, being met by several persons, they conjectured some accident had befallen the conductor. They proceeded immediately to the forest, and on approaching it perceived a cloud of fire traversing the horizon in a direction from north to south. The most dense and profound darkness succeeded the apparition. The waggoner whom they were in search of, responded to their calls, and was discovered in a state of such terrible apprehension, that some time elapsed before he could recover himself sufficiently to answer their questions, and explain the cause of his horror.—Journal de Moselle."]


1825 Nov 4 / Halle / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1220. The fireball is listed in Greg's catalog, ("60"), not Mallet's, ("54"). Greg, 71.]


1825 Nov 9 / Pils / F. ball / [BA] '60. [I; 1221. The fireball is listed in Greg's catalog, ("60"), not Mallet's, ("54"). Greg, 71.]


1825 Nov 14 / Leith / F. ball / [BA] 60. [I; 1222. The fireball is listed in Greg's catalog, ("60"), not Mallet's, ("54"). Greg, 71.]


1825 Nov. 22 / A met train near the comet at Calcutta / BA '50-120 / E to W. [I; 1223. Greg, 71.]


1825 Dec. 1 / Berlin / F. ball / [BA] '60. [I; 1224. The fireball is listed in Greg's catalog, ("60"), not Mallet's, ("54"). Greg, 71.]


1825 Dec 1 / (Ch) / Luminous body, size moon / Berlin / disap. / no change place / C-30 / Arago, "Oeuvres 11/575 /// A 9[?]. [I; 1225. Arago, François. Oeuvres Complètes de François Arago. Paris: Gide, 1859, v. 11, 575. Greg, 71.]


1825 Dec 5 / q. / China / II / [Medium / BA 1911]. [I; 1226. Milne, 702.]


1825 Dec 10 / Halle / F. ball / [BA] '60. [I; 1227. The fireball is listed in Greg's catalog, ("60"), not Mallet's, ("54"). Greg, 71.]


[1825 Dec 10. Wrong date. See: 1825 Dec 10 - 11, (I; 1228).]


1825 Dec 18 / Frankfort-on-Main / F. ball / [BA] '60. [Il 1229. The fireball is listed in Greg's catalog, ("60"), not Mallet's, ("54"). Greg, 71.]


1825 Dec 23 / 5 a.m. / q. / Strasburg, etc. / "An extraordinary bellowing sound had been heard in the air between 3 and 4 a.m. / BA '54. [I; 1230. Mallet, 169.]


1825 Dec 23 / At Strasburg, "an extraordinary bellowing sound in the air," bet 3 and 4 a.m. At 5, a strong q. / BA 54. [I; 1231. Mallet, 169.]


[1825 Dec 23/] 1824 Dec 23 / At Strasburg "an extraordinary bellowing sound in the air" bet 3 & 4 AM. At 5 a strong quake. BA '54. [I; 1168. Pabst: "Original note missing / copied from The Fortean, no. 8, p. 16, c. 1." This note incorrectly appears as "1824 Dec 23," in Thayer's and Pabst's published copies. Mallet, 169.]


1826:


[1826 /] 1827 / J. Frank Inst 4/49 / Shells fell early in 1827, at Monastereen, Kildare. [I; 1299. "Shower of Shells in Ireland." Journal of the Franklin Institute, 4 (1827): 49. "Shower of Shells in Ireland." Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 1 (1826): 187-188. The initial report was in the "April-July 1826" issue of the Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal; thus, the phenomenon probably occurred early in 1826.]


[1826 /] 1828 / Mass of ice / Candeish, India / (D-177). [I; 1363. The note copies information from page 177 of The Book of the Damned. Buist, George. "Hail-storms in India, from June 1850 to May 1851." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1851, Notices and Abstracts, 31-33, at 32. The fall of ice at Candeish occurred in 1826, not in 1828.]


1826 Jan 26 / Albania / I / [Light quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1232. Milne, 702.]


1826 Feb 1 / In the Basilicata, Italy / q / II / [Medium / BA 1911]. [I; 1233. Milne, 702.]


1826 Feb 1 / afternoon / After almost unbearable heat at Naples, etc., and smoke, several days from Vesuvius, a q. / BA 54. [I; 1234. Mallet, 170.]


1826 Feb 1 / Naples / Weather been cold and rainy, up to Jan. 29. On first of Feb, almost unbearable heat set in and smoke from Vesuius and q that threw down houses. / BA 54. [I; 1235. Mallet, 170.]


1826 Feb 1 / It / phe and q? / See 1805. [I; 1236. (Galli, Ignazio. "Raccolta e classificazione di fenomeni luminosi osservati nei terremoti." Bollettino della Società Sismologica Italiana, 14 (1910): 221-448, at 344.) See: 1805 July 26, (I; 146).]


1826 Feb 14 / La Manche / F. ball / [BA] 60. [I; 1237. Greg, 71.]


1826 Feb. 15 / (It) / Lugano, Italy / det. met. / BA, '60. [I; 1238. Greg, 71.]


[1826 Feb 21 /] 1826 Ap. 21 / [London Times], 4-b / q / Tornea / Eng? [I; 1250. "On the 21st of February...." London Times, April 21, 1826, p. 4 c. 2."On the 21st of February, at nine in the evening, there was a very smart shock of an earthquake at Tornea and the neighbourhood. It continued a minute, and the direction was from north to south." Mallet, 171. Tornio, (Tornea, in Swedish), is in Lapland, Finland.]


1826 last of Feb or first of March / Heavy rains and floods in Kansas / MWR 34-579. [I; 1239. Jennings, T.B. "Notes on the Climate of Kansas." Monthly Weather Review, 34 (December 1906): 579- 580, at 579.]


[1826 March. Wrong date. See: 1836, about April, (I; 1240).]


[1826 March 29 /] 1826 Ap. 7 / [London Times]. 3-c / Aurora / Cupar. [I; 1247. "Wednesday night a very brilliant and interesting appearance of aurora borealis...." London Times, April 7, 1826, p. 3 c. 3. "Wednesday night a very brilliant and interesting appearance of aurora borealis...." Caledonian Mercury, April 3, 1826, p. 3 c. 3.]


1826 March, end of / See June. / Papilio Cardui / Air at Turin filled with them. Most numerous on 29th of March. On leaving Turin they flew in a mass northward. / Bib. Univ., Aug, 1827 / A.  J. Sci 14-387. [I; 1241. Huber, Pierre. "Notice sur une Migration de Papillons." Memoires de la Société de Physique et d'Histoire Naturelle de Genève, 3 pt. 2 (1825): 247-253, at 250. Huber, Pierre. "Notice sur une Migration de Papillons." Bibliothèque Universelle des Sciences, Belles-Lettres, et Arts, Sciences et Arts, 35 (1827): 305-311, at 309. "Emigration of Butterflies." American Journal of Science, 14 (1828): 387- 389.]


1826 March 31 / N. England / great met / 7:30 p.m. / A. J. Sci 11/184. [I; 1242. Twining, Alexander C. "Observations on two late Meteors seen at New-Haven." American Journal of Science, 11 (1826): 184-189.]


1826 March 31 / 7:30 p.m./ Ap 1—9 p.m. / New Haven, etc.—great mets / one a detonating / Am J. Sci 11/373 / right date / but see 1837. [I; 1243. Twining, Alexander C. "Observations on two late Meteors seen at New-Haven." American Journal of Science, 11 (1826): 184-189. "Am J. Sci 11/373" is an erroneous reference. See: 1837 March 31, (I; 2187).]


1826 Ap 1 / Great met. / Vermont, etc. / Detonations / ab. 9 p.m. / A. J. Sci 11/184. [I; 1244. Twining, Alexander C. "Observations on two late Meteors seen at New-Haven." American Journal of Science, 11 (1826): 184-189.]


1826 Ap. 1 / Saarbruck / grayish object / (D-275). ** [I; 1245. The note copies information from page 275 of The Book of the Damned. Olmsted, Denison. "Observation on the meteors of November 13th, 1833." American Journal of Science, 26 (1834): 132-74, at 133. "Remarkable Meteoric Phenomenon, described by Chladni." Quarterly Journal of Literature, Science and the Arts, 24 (1827): 488. "Sur un Phénomène Météorique Remarkable" Bulletin Universel des Sciences et de l'Industrie. Premiere Section: Bulletin des Science Mathématiques, Astronomiques, Physiques et Chimiques, 8 (1827): 143. Chladni, Ernst Florens Friedrich. "Ueber eine merkwürdige meteorische Erscheinung am 1. April 1826, nicht weit von Saarbrücken." Annalen der Physik und Chemie, s. 2 v. 7 (1826): 373-377. "Remarkable Meteoric Phenomenon." Museum of Foreign Literature, Science and Art, 12 (March 1828): 479. Greg, 71.]


1826 Ap. 5 / 6 a.m. / off coast of Florida / Waterspout / A. J. Sci 14-171. [I; 1246. Lincoln, Benjamin. "An Account of a Water Spout, seen off the coast of Florida, in the spring of 1826." American Journal of Science, 14 (1828): 171-173, (with 4 figures).]


[1826 Ap. 7. Wrong date. See: 1826 March 29, (I; 1247).]


1826 April 12, 13 / Moon / by Rev. J. B. Emmett / near Boroughbridge, Eng / very conspicuous black cloud or cloudy appearance / Annals of Phil 28/81. [I; 1248. Emmett, J.B. "An Account of a curious Phenomenon observed in the Moon." Annals of Philosophy, 28 (n.s., v. 12), (August 1826): 81-83.]


1826 Ap. 14 / 11:20 p.m. / Vermont / great met / size of sun / A. J. Sci 11/120. [I; 1249. Benedict, George W. "Notice of a brilliant Meteor seen at Burlington, Vt. on the evening of April 14." American Journal of Science, 11 (1826): 120.]


[1826 Ap. 21. Wrong date. See: 1826 Feb 21, (I; 1250).]


1826 Ap 29 / [London Times], 3-a / Comet at Palermo. [I; 1251. "Palermo, March 23." London Times, April 29, 1826, p. 3 c. 1. Cacciatore claims to have seen, on March 18th, the comet observed in September and October of 1825; however, Comet C/1825 N1 would have disappeared from view to the naked eye, in December, and only been visible with a telescope, in March.]


1826 May 4 / Op. Mars / (Al). [I; 1252.]


[1826 May 14 /] 1828 May 14 / 10:30 a.m. / A waterspout seen near Edinburgh. But water fell. None said to have gone up. / Arcana of Science 1829-192. [I; 1388. "Waterspout at Edinburgh." Arcana of Science, 2 (1829): 192-193. "Occasional Meteorological Remarks and Observations, during the years 1826-27." Edinburgh Journal of Science, 9 (1828): 129-142, at 131-132. (2 Illustrations).]


1826 May 15 / Jamaica / fireball—"and ferruginous mass found?" / BA 67-415. [I; 1253. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1866-67." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1867, 288-430, at 415.]


1826 May 17 / Granada, Spain / q. / I / [light / BA 1911]. [I; 1254. Milne, 702.]


[1826 May 17. Wrong date. See: 1826 June 17, (I; 1255).]


1826 May 19 / (F) / at Ekaterinosloff / Stones fell. Principal mass in museum at Odessa. / BA 60. [I; 1256. Fletcher, 100. This is the Pavlograd meteorite. Greg, 71.]


1826 May 24 / 1:20 p.m. / q. at Trente / Had been cloudless. After the q., clouds gradually collected. / BA 54. [I; 1257. Mallet, 176.]


1826 June / Huge column of Vanessa in Switzerland. / In March, in Piedmont, flying from N to S. / Mag. Nat. Hist 7-610. [I; 1258. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 7 (December 1834): 609-630, at 610). Huber, Pierre. "Notice sur une Migration de Papillons." Memoires de la Société de Physique et d'Histoire Naturelle de Genève, 3 pt. 2 (1825): 247-253, at 247-250. Huber, Pierre. "Notice sur une Migration de Papillons." Bibliothèque Universelle des Sciences, Belles-Lettres, et Arts, Sciences et Arts, 35 (1827): 305-311, at 306-309. Clarke writes "from N. to S."; however, Huber writes "une direction du sud au nord," (from south to north). In Switzerland, the passage of Belle Dames, (Vanéssa cardui), took more than two hours.]


1826 June / P[ainted] Ladies / See Junes of 1827, 1828. [I; 1259. See: 1827 June 8 or 10, (I; 1326), and, 1828 June 8 or 10, (I; 1397).]


1826 June 8 or 10 / See March, last. [I; 1260.]


1826 June 10, period of / Large sunspot / Niles Weekly Register, June 17. [I; 1261. "Spot on the Sun." Niles' Weekly Register, 30 (June 17, 1826): 285. ""There is at present a large spot on the disc of the sun near its western verge, which may be seen very plainly by a telescope of moderate power. Not having a micrometer, I have not been able to measure its size, but hudging from the eye, I should reckon its length to be equal to about one thirtieth of the sun's diameter."]


1826 June 17—or May 17 / —U.S. Columbia / q preceded by long continued drought / immediately followed by "a very heavy rain" / BA '54 / Shock on Dec. 8, immediately followed by rain. / See June 3, 1827. [I; 1262. Mallet, 174-175. The reference to rain following a shock on "Dec. 8" may refer to a West Indies quake, on November 30, 1825. Mallet, 169.]


[1826 June 17 /] 1826 May 17 / Bogota, U.S. Col. / violent q. / "preceded by long-continued drought, and immediately followed by very heavy rain / BA 54. [I; 1255. Mallet, 174-175.]


1826 June 17 / "immense sunspot coming on the sun / according to a corr. / Edin J Sci 5-245. [I; 1263. "Notice of the severe Cold of last Winter, and of the late great Heats in June 1826, with original Observations." Edinburgh Journal of Science, 5 (1826): 240-245, at 245.]


1826 June 17 / U.S. Columbia / q / III / [Heavy / BA 1911]. [I; 1264. Milne, 702.]


1826 summer / Piedmont / swarm of V. Cardui, like 1879 / Nature 20-255. [I; 1265. ("Notes." Nature, 20 (July 10, 1879): 254-256, at 255.) See: 1826 June, (I; 1258).]


1826 July / D-84 / Moradabad, India / fish. / Liv. Age 52/186. **  [I; 1266. The note copies information from page 84 of The Book of the Damned. Buist, George. "Showers of fish." Living Age, 52 (1857): 186. "In July, 1826, live fish were seen to fall on the grass at Moradabad during a storm."]


1826 about / Fish / Loch Levan, Scotland / J. F. Inst 4/43. *  [I; 1267. "Shower of Herrings in Kinross-shire." Journal of the Franklin Institute, 4 (1827): 49. "Shower of Herrings in Kinross-shire." Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 1 (1826): 187. Buist, George. "Showers of fish." Living Age, 52 (1857): 186. "In 1825, a shower of herrings is said to have taken place near Loch Levan, in Kinross-shire; the wind blew from the Forth at the time, and probably carried the fish from the sea across Fife to the place where they were found."]


1826 July or August / (mirage) / ac to M. Perrey / Image of Langres on clouds in sky / CR 12/768. [I; 1268. Perrey, Alexis. "Image d'une ville projetée sur un nuage." Comptes Rendus, 12 (1841): 768-770.]


1826 July 21 / Heidelberg / F. ball / [BA] 60. [I; 1269. Greg, 71.]


1826 July 29 / Florida / F. ball / BA 60. [I; 1270. Greg, 71.]


1826 July 31 / Another Stark Vulcan / See 1820, Feb. / round black spot crossing the sun / C.R. 83/623. [I; 1271. LeVerrier, Urbain Jean Joseph. "Examen des observations qu'on a présentées, à diverses époques, comme pouvant appartenir aux passages d'une planète intra-mercurielle devant le disque du Soleil." Comptes Rendus, 83 (September 18, 1876): 583-589, 621-624, 647-650, 719-723, at 621.]


1826 Aug 3 / Frankenstein / F. ball / S.W. to N.E. / BA 60. [I; 1272. Greg, 71.]


1826 Aug 3 / Leipzig / f. ball. / E.N.E. to W.S.W. / BA 60. [I; 1273. Greg, 71.]


1826 Aug 8 / [London Times], 3-f / "A great fall at Brighton and in the sea." / N.M. [I; 1274. "Lady-birds." London Times, August 8, 1826, p. 3 c. 6. "The great fall at Brighton, and in the sea near that place, of the insects commonly known by the name of 'lady-birds' is by no means an unprecendented occurrence. A similar fall took place some years ago in and near Rochester, when the 'lady-birds' infested, as long as they lived, that city, and left, after their death, a disgusting scent, which was retained for many months...."]


1826 August / th stone / Large stone fell on Mt. Galapean (Lot-et-Garonne), ac to Quetelet, in th storm. / Rept BA 1860-71 / (See Sept 5, '14.) [I; 1275. Greg, 71. See:  1814 Sept. 5, (I; 507).]


1826 Aug 8 / Odensee / F. ball / [BA] 60. [I; 1276. Greg, 71.]


1826 Aug 11 / Halle / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1277. Greg, 71.]


1826 Aug 18 / q / I [Light] / Jamaica / BA '11. [I; 1278. Milne, 702.]


1826 Aug 18 / Fireball / BA 60 / England. [I; 1279. Greg, 71.]


1826 Aug 26 / Fiery whirl at Carcassonne / Flammarion, The Atmosphere, page 387, says 14 sheep asphyxiated by it. [I; 1280. Flammarion, Camille. The Atmosphere. London: S. Low, Marston, Low, & Searle, 1873, 387-388.]


1826 Aug 26 / Fiery Wind / Carcassone (Aude) / Great heat in the morning. At noon, massing clouds in the west. Then a thick black cloud suspended over a field. Crackling and hissing and air rushing toward the cloud. A loud detonation and an enormous column of fire traversed the field—throwing down walls and trees and picking up and killing sheep. A strong sulphurous odor. Nothing said it burning anything.

[I; 1281.1, 1281.2.]


1826 Sept 1 / 20 sunspots. Had been many in August. But after Sept 1, none till 23, when another outburst. / [London Times], Oct 6-3-d. [I; 1282. "Solar Spots." London Times, October 6, 1826, p. 3 c. 4. "Solar Spots." Monthly Magazine, or, British Register, n.s. v. 2 (October 1826): 441.]


1826 Sept / See Aug 7, 1823. / Waterville, Maine / night / great det met / a stone picked up / "probably not really meteoric" / BA 60-72. [I; 1283. Greg, 72-73. See: 1823 Aug. 7, (I; 1064).]


1826 Sept 4 / Halle / F. ball / [BA] 60. [I; 1284. Greg, 72.]


1826 Sept. 7 / Sea brilliantly luminous / Gulf St. Lawrence / Jour. Roy Inst Gt. Brit 1-194. [I; 1285. "Phosphorescence of the Sea in the Gulf of St. Lawrence." Journal of the Royal Institution of Great Britain, 1 (1830-1831): 194-195. "Tbe night was starlight; but suddenly the sky became overcast in the direction of the high land of Cornwallis county, and a rapid, instantaneous, and very brilliant light, resembling the aurora borealis, shot out of the hitherto gloomy and dark sea on the lee bow, and was so  

vivid that it lighted everything distinctly even to the masthead. The mate having alarmed the master, put the helm down, took in sail and called all hands up. The light now spread over the whole sea between the two shores; and the waves, which before had been tranquil, now began to be agitated. Captain Bonnycastle describes the scene, as that of a blazing sheet of awful and most brilliant light. A long and vivid line of light, superior in brightness to the parts of the sea not immediately near the vessel, shewed us the base of the high, frowning, and dark land abreast of us; the sky became lowering and intensely obscure. The oldest sailors on board had never seen any thing of the kind to compare with it, except the captain, who said he had observed something of the kind in the trades. Long tortuous lines  

of light, in a contrary direction to the sea, shewed us immense numbers of very large fish darting as if in consternation at the scene. The spritsail-yard and mizen-boom were lighted by the reflection as though gas-lights had been burning immediately under them; and until just before daybreak, at four  

o'clock, the most minute objects in a watch were distinctly visible."]


1826 Sept 13 / Bordeaux / Daybreak / Met / BA '60. [I; 1286. Greg, 72.]


1826 Sept 18 / Most tremendous q in 50 years in Cuba. / Arcana of Sci. 1828-131. [I; 1287. "Earthquakes in 1826." Arcana of Science and Art, 1 (1828): 131. "The most tremendous earthquake which has been experienced at St. Jago de Cuba for 50 years, took place on the 18th September, 1826, between three and four o'clock, and destroyed nearly one-half of the town." Milne, 702.]


1826 Sept 28 / Innsbruck, in the Tyrol / 1:30 a.m. / q and sound like thunder / BA 54. [I; 1288. Mallet, 177.]


[1826 Oct 1 /] 1820 Oct 1 / Spiders / Times of Oct 9. / That over area of miles from Liverpool and especially at Wigan, fields and roads covered with a substance that was mistaken for cotton. Came down like a sheet on Wigan. Found to contain flies so as [to] require a magnifying glass to make them perceptible. / Nov 12—that all summer, for the first time, his garden clear of celery flies. After middle of September, they appeared in great numbers. [I; 822.1, 822.2. "On Sunday last...." London Times, October 9, 1826, p. 2 c. 6. "On Sunday last, a phenomenon of rare occurrence was witnessed in our neighbourhood (Liverpool), and we believe, for many miles round, as we hear that it was more remarkable at Wigan than here. The fields and roads were covered with a light filmy substance, which, by many persons, was mistaken for cotton; although a moment's consideration must have convinced any person of the absurdity of the supposition, as the staple cotton does not exceed a few inches in length; while the fine filaments which were seen in such incrediable quantity extended as many yards. It was the gossamer of the garden, or field spider, often met with in the country in fine autumn weather, but seldom, we believe, in such astonishing profusion as on Sunday.... In Cheshire it was equally observable, and we hear that at Wigan it descended in every direction like sleet, and in such quantities as to affect the appearance of the atmosphere."]


1826 Oct 6 / [London Times], 3-d / Sun Spots. [I; 1289. "Solar Spots." London Times, October 6, 1826, p. 3 c. 4. "Solar Spots." Monthly Magazine, or, British Register, n.s.  v. 2 (October 1826): 441. The possibility of a relationship between the number of solar spots and the atmospheric temperature was suggested by William Herschel and Arago, and the numbers of solar spots was being recorded by Thomas John Hussey, from April to September, with doubtful success. These observations continued until 1837; and, Hussey's manuscript of Observations of Sun-spots Made at Chislehurst, 1826-1837 is preserved at the Royal Astronomical Society's library, (RAS MSS Add. 17).]


1826 Oct 26 / Leece, Italy / q / I / [Light / BA 1911]. [I; 1290. Milne, 702.]


1826 Oct 29 / India / Nepal / Katmandu / Patun / q / II / [Medium / BA 1911]. [I; 1291. Milne, 702.]


1826 Nov. 10 / [London Times], 2-f / Aurora. [I; 1292. "Aurora Borealis." London Times, November 10, 1826, p. 2 c. 6. The article only relates a few classical and native beliefs about the northern lights.]


1826 Nov 18 / Passage of comet across sun / Flammarion, Pop Astro, p. 521. [I; 1293. Flammarion, Camille. Popular Astronomy: A General Description of the Heavens. New York: D. Appleton, 1894, 521. Tho the passage of this comet, (C/1826 U1), across the sun's disc was predicted by Gambart, fog and clouds over Europe prevented its observation by the astronomers, who received short notice of this prediction, and it was not seen. Gambart, Jean-Félix Adolphe. "On the Passage of the Comet of Bootes over the Disc of the Sun on the 18th of November 1826." Memoirs of the Royal Astronomical Society, 3 (1827-1829): 85-87.]


1826 Dec 1 / (In Arctic) / Comet that had been indistinct 2 nights before, became brilliant in west. / Franklin, "Narrative of a Second Journey, p. 295 / It formed a trapezium with Alpha Aquilae, Alpha Lyrae, Alpha Corona Borealis. [I; 1294. Franklin, John. Narrative of a Second Expedition to the Shores of the Polar Sea, in the Years 1825, 1826, and 1827. London: John Murray, 1828, 295. "On the evening of the 1st of December a brilliant comet appeared in the western quarter, which had been indistinctly seen the two preceding nights. A line drawn through α and η Ursæ Majoris led to its position; it also formed a trapezium with α Aquilæ and α Lyræ and α Corona Borealis. This was the last night of its being visible." (Olbers supposedly was told by Johann Caspar Horner, of a "comet" seen in December, which was thought at first to be an early sighting of C/1826 Y1, but was not. Possibly the same object??? Kronk, Gary W. Cometography: A Catalogue of Comets. Volume 2: 1800-1899. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003, 798-799???)]


[1826 Dec 17 /] 1824 / Jubilee of Leo XII / Poitiers / Cross 200 ft. high over a church / 2 hours / Sun, 1882, March 7-1-3. [A; 78. "Apparition of the Virgin." New York Sun, March 7, 1882, p. 1 c. 3. Rev. Peter Havermans, the pastor of St. Mary's Church, in Troy, New York, is quoted: "It was while I was a student at Poitiers, in France, on the Jubilee of Leo XII., in 1824. When the services were about to commence at midday, a cross apparently two hundred feet high, waved over the edifice and remained for nearly an hour. This wonderful spectacle was discussed by the press, and the name of the structure was changed to the Church of the Holy Cross." However, the apparition of a luminous cross occurred on December 16, 1826, during religious ceremonies at Migné, (now, Migné-Auxances, France), after a calvaire had been erected in the church's cemetery. It was seen by more than 2,000 people, in a cloudless sky, from 5 P.M. until it faded away by 5:30 P.M. "...Toutes ses formes étoient pures, et ressortoient très distinctement sur l'azur du Ciel. Elle n'offroit aux yeux un éclat éblouissant, mais une couleur partout uniforme et telle qu'aucun témoin n'a pu la définir d'une manière précise, ni lui trouver un objet de juste comparaison; seulement on s'accorde plus généralement à en donner une idée à l'aide d'un blanc argentin nuancé d'une légère teinte de rose." "Il résulte certainement de l'ensemble des dépositions, que cette Croix n'étoit pas à une hauteur considérable; il est même très probable qu'elle ne s'élevoit pas à 200 pieds au-dessus du sol; mais il est difficile de rien fixer de plus précis que cette limite." "La longueur total de la tige pouvait êtres de 140 pieds...." Rapports sur l'apparition d'une croix dans la paroisse de Migné. Poitiers: Fr.-Aimé Barbier, 1827, 10-11.]


1826 Dec 23 / 15 h / Venus / Inf. conjunction / (A-l). [I; 1295.]


1826 Dec 26 / Dark Day / Glascow / LT, 1827, Jan. 5/4/b. [I; 1296. "Noon-day Darkness." London Times, January 5, 1827, p. 4 c. 2. The darkness was attributed to a "very thick fog, which tendered the smoky atmosphere of Glascow almost palpable."]


1826 Dec 31 / Dammerung / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1297. Greg, 72.]


1827:


1827 about / Charcoal / England / (28). [I; 1298.]


1827 ab / Light of Cornwall / Gentlemans Mag 142/part2/637 / For invaders and H House see Oct, 1834. [A; 80. "Domestic Occurrences." Gentleman's Magazine,  97 pt. 2 [v. 142] (1827): 636-637, at 637. There is no note in this series for "Oct 1834" regarding invaders nor a haunted house.]


[1827. Wrong date. See: 1826, (I; 1299).]


1827 Jan last / Myst dth / Times 1827/Feb 5/3/3e. [A; 81. "Mysterious Death." London Times, February 5, 1827, p. 3 c. 5-6. Thomas Morton was discovered dead from a cut throat, next to a canal at Stretford; but, the apparent suicide's blood-soaked clasp knife was found in his waistcoat pocket.]


1827 Jan 2 / Montague (Orne) / q / Arcana of Sci 1828/155. [I; 1300. "Earthquakes in 1827." Arcana of Science, 2 (1829): 155-156, at 155.]


1827 Jan 9 - 10 / Hurricane / Ireland / 16th, hurricane and noises in the air like explosions of artillery / Mag Nat Hist 8-25. [I; 1301. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 8 (January 1835): 1-28, at 25. The correct dates were "Jan. 9-10," (not "Jan 8 - 10"), and, "noises in the air resembling explosions of artillery," (not "like").]


1827 Jan 11 / [London Times], 3-a / q / Crawford / Lead Hills. [I; 1302. "About three o'clock...." London Times, January 11, 1827, p. 3 c. 1. "About three o'clock p.m. on the 25th ult. a smart shock of an earthquake was felt at Crawford Lead-hills and Crawford-John. The atmosphere at the time was hazy. The shock lasted only a few seconds, and resembled the firing of artillery, or dragging of heavy waggons along a street.—Scotch Times." Mallet, 179.]


1827 Jan 16 / [London Times], 2-e / Hurricane / Eng // 23-4-b. / Belg. and Teneriffe. [I; 1303. "The New London Docks.—Hurricane." London Times, January 16, 1827, p. 2 c. 5. "The Late Hurricane." London Times, January, 23, 1827, p. 4 c. 2. This storm raged across Ireland, Britain, and Holland, from January 11 to 14, 1827.]


1827 Jan 15 / China / q. / III / [Heavy / BA 1911]. [I; 1304. Milne, 702.]


1827 Feb 9 / 7 p.m. / "A tremendous explosion was heard. Listed as a q, / Roper, List of Earthquakes, p. 32. [I; 1305. Roper, 32. Mallet, 180. The explosion was heard at Ripon, and shook Ripon, the Isle of Anglesea, and northwest Wales. Milne, David. "Notices of Earthquake-Shocks felt in Great Britain...." Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 31 (1841): 92-122, at 119. "At Rippon (Yorkshire) a tremendous explosion heard, which shook while neighbourhood. Earth shook, so as to cause a fissure nearly 20 yards wide, which found to be 24 yards deep."]


1827 Feb 16 / Mhow (Azamgarh, N. W. Provs), India / (F). [I; 1306. Fletcher, 100. This is the Mhow meteorite.]


[1827 Feb 16 /] 1828 Feb 27 / See 1827. / Near Mhow, India, stone perfectly similar to one near Allahabad in 1802 and near Mooradabad in 1808. / Arcana of Sci 1829-196. [I; 1376. "Meteoric Stone." Arcana of Science, 2 (1829): 196-197. "Meteoric Stone which fell in India on the 27th February, 1827." Edinburgh Journal of Science, 9 (1828): 172.]


1827 Feb - March / Hupeh (Yunyang), China / small q's / BA '11. [I; 1307. Milne, 703.]


1827 Feb 16 ./ [London Times], 3-b / q / Alicant / Eng? [I; 1308. "Extract of a letter dated Alicant, Jan. 26." London Times, February 16, 1827, p. 3 c. 2. The "very severe shock of earthquake" struck Alicant, Spain, on January 24, 1827.]


1827 Feb. 23 / March 21 / Dec 3 // q's in Holland where q's rare / Quar Jour Roy Inst 27/202. [I; 1309. "Earthquakes in Holland." Quarterly Journal of Literature, Science and the Arts, 27 (1829): 202.]


1827 March 25 / ab 2 p.m. / Supposed q—but explosion of a ship off coast of Lancashire. / An Reg 1827/59. [I; 1310. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 69 (1827): 1-203, at 59-61, cv. "Explosion of a Ship."]


1827 March 28 / [London Times], 3-c / Subterreanean fire / Osmington, Dorset. [I; 1311. "Subterreanean Fire at Osmington, Dorset." London Times, March 28, 1827 p. 3. c. 3. "On Friday, the 16th of this month, a flame was observed playing on the surface of the cliff, on a particular spot. The flame has now assumed the character of a subterranean fire burning continuously, and may be seen from the esplanade at Weymouth by night." Buckland, William, and, Henry Thomas De la Beche. "On the Geology of the Neighbourhood of Weymouth and the adjacent Parts of the Coast of Dorset." Transactions of the Geological Society of London, s. 2 v. 4 (1836): 1-46, 23. The bituminous shale at the Holworth Cliff was still burning "feebly" in September of 1829, (three years after it began in September of 1826). Damon, Robert. Geology of Weymouth, Portland, and Coast of Dorsetshire.... Weymouth: R.F. Damon, 1884, 57-58.]


1827 March 29 / (Gent's Mag, Ap., 1827, p. 360, 396, 638) / Smoke from the cliffs opposite Weymouth. Apertures, or craters, formed. Said had been smoke at intervals for three years. / Holworth Cliff. But it was a slaty limestone that the people burned for a substitute coal. [I; 1312.1, 1312.2. "Burning Cliff." Gentleman's Magazine,  97 pt. 1 (April 1827): 359-360. "The following observations on Holworth Cliff...." Gentleman's Magazine, 97 pt. 1 (May 1827): 395-398. "Holworth Cliff, co. Dorset." Gentleman's Magazine, 97 pt. 1 (1827): 638. "Domestic Occurrences." Gentleman's Magazine, 97 pt. 2 (1827): 636-637, at 637.]


1827 April / Manna-grain / Persia. [I; 1313. "Meteorological Information." American Almanac, 4 (1833), 65-88, at 71. Pouillet, Claude Servais Mathias. Élémens de Physique Expérimentale et de Météorologie. Paris: Béchet Jeune, 1830, v. 2, 770-771.]


1827 Ap 11 / Ischia, Italy / I / q / [Light / BA 1911]. [I; 1314. Milne, 703.]


1827 Ap 17 / Austria / q. / I / [Light / BA 1911]. [I; 1315. Milne, 703.]


1827 May 9 / Drake Co., Tenn., metite / (F). [I; 1316. Fletcher, 100. This is the Drake Creek meteorite.]


1827 May 9 / Nothing in Phil Nat. Gazette. [I; 1317.]


1827 May 9 / 4 p.m. / Sounds like cannonfire in aerolite / Drakes Creek, Sumner Co., Tenn. / A. J. Sci 18-378 / Immediately picked up. Was cold. / See May 8, 1829. [I; 1318. "Notice of the circumstances attending the fall of the Tennessee Meteorites." American Journal of Science, 18 (1830): 378-379. "They stated that the stone was cold but had the scent of sulphur." Greg, 72.]


1827 May 9 / "another shower of stones" / ac to Amer papers at Nashville, Tenn. / Gent's Mag, July, p. 78. [I; 1319. "Foreign News." Gentleman's Magazine, 97 pt. 2 (July 1827): 75-78, at 78.]


1827 May 20 / Geneva / 6 inches of rain in 3 hours / Q. J. Roy Inst 25-232. [I; 1320. "Extraordinary Instances of Fall of Rain." Quarterly Journal of Science and the Arts, Royal Institution of Great Britain, 25 (1828): 232.]


1827 May 22 / or Aug 22? // Somer Co / Metite very similar to that of Utrecht / See June 2—1843. [I; 1321. Baumhauer, Eduard Hendrik von. "Ueber den muthmasslichen Ursprung der Meteorsteine, nebst einer Analyse des Meteorsteins, welcher am 2. Juni 1843 in der Provinz Utercht gefallen ist." Annalen der Physik und Chemie, s. 2 v. 66 (1845): 465-503, at 498. Baumhauer gives that date as May 22, 1827.]  


1827 May 30 / Lima, Peru / II / [Medium quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1322. Milne, 703.]


1827 summer / Hay-silex object / Pop Sci Rev 6/475. [I; 1323. "Singular Effects of Lightning." Popular Science Review, 6 (1867): 475. Lightning struck a hay-stack in Forfarshire, Scotland; the fire was extinguished; a hole was found cutting through the hay-stack into the ground; and, a substance resembling lava was found in the hole. "The substance found in the hole was a mass of silex obviously formed by the fusion of the silex in the hay."]


1827 June / Eruption of Albay, in the Philippines, at least to middle of Feb, 1828. / BA 54. [I; 1324. Mallet, 189. The Mayon volcano began this eruption on June 27, 1827.]


1827 June 3/ Martinique / Unprecedented drought of 66 days. Upon July 21, a violent shock. Others in Oct and Nov. Then a slight q and rain. / BA '54 / See June 17, 1826. [I; 1325. Mallet, 181-183, 186. See: 1826 June 17, (I; 1262).]


1827 June 8 or 10 / See 1826. / Great migration of painted ladies in Switzerland / A. J. Sci 14/389 / Stream lasted 2 hours. [I; 1326. "Emigration of Butterflies." American Journal of Science, 14 (1828): 387-389.]


1827 June 12 / Tehuucan, Mexico / II / [medium quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1327. Milne, 703.]


1827 June 25 / Perforation. / Italy / Edin New 26/107. [I; 1328. Arago, François. "On Thunder and Lightning." Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 26 (1838-1839): 81-144, 275-291, at 107. Fusinieri, Ambrigio. "Sopra il trasporto di materia ponderabile nelle folgori." Giornale di Fisica, Chimica, Storia Naturale, Medicina ed Arti, s. 2 v. 10 (1827): 353-369, at 355-356.]


1827 June 29 / Ab 20 leagues E of the Azores, Capt. Le Sauvage traversed a space 3 leagues in width covered with volcanic stones, sugar canes, straws, and pieces of wood. He supposed they were the debris of a volcanic eruption. Nothing volcanic mentioned / BA '54—June 12 == violent shock, Tehuacan, Mexico—finds nothing looking a year back—Milne / BA ' 11 gives this medium rating. /  

See ab March, 1905. / Arcana of Science 1829-174. [I; 1329.1 to 1329.3. Mallet, 182. Milne, 703. "Floating Volcanic Products." Arcana of Science, 2 (1829): 175. The volcano Atitlán, in Guatemala, erupted on March 27, 1827.]


1827 July 5 / 6 a.m. / and Aug 9, at night // Shock at New Albany, Ind. / National Gazette (Philadelphia), July 23 / Aug 9—Gazette of 25th / on 9th, 2 / 10 p.m., and 1 a.m. of 10th. [I; 1330. (National Gazette (Philadelphia), July 23 / Aug 9—Gazette of 25th , 1827. Available from infoweb.newsbank.com).]


1827 Aug 7 / New Albany, Indiana. / I / [light quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1331. Milne, 703.]


1827 Aug 8 / qs and volc eruption in Kamtschatka / BA 54. [I; 1332. Mallet, 182-183.]


1827 Aug 22 / or May 22? // "Somer Co., U.S.A. / stonefall / ac to Wolf. / BA 67-416. [I; 1333. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1866-67." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1867, 288-430, at 416. Baumhauer, Eduard Hendrik von. "Ueber den muthmasslichen Ursprung der Meteorsteine, nebst einer Analyse des Meteorsteins, welcher am 2. Juni 1843 in der Provinz Utercht gefallen ist." Annalen der Physik und Chemie, s. 2 v. 66 (1845): 465-503. Glaisher and Baumhauer give the date as "May 22."]


1827 Aug 28 / Aurora / N.Y., etc. / A. J. Sci 14-91. [I; 1334. Silliman, Benjamin D. "Notice of the late Aurora Borealis." American Journal of Science, 14 (1828): 91-111.]


1827 [Aug] 30 / At Kuld-Schu, stones fell, ac to Baumhauer. Doubtful, ac to Greg. / BA 60. [I; 1335. Greg, 72-73. Kämtz, Ludwig Friedrich. Lehrbuch der Meteorologie. Halle: In der Gebauerschen Buchhandlung, 1836, v. 3, 296. 1801-1867. "Kuld-Schu" is the German name for one of the provinces of China.]


1827 Aug. / China / Stonefall / BA 60. [I; 1336. Greg, 72. Boguslawski, Georg von. "Zehnter Nachtrag zu Chladni's Verzeichnisse der Feuermeteore und herabgefallenen Massen (Wien 1819)." Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Ergänzungsband, 4 (1854): 1-155, 353-456, at 433. While Baumhauer's August 30 aerolite, (from Kämtz's book), was considered "doubtful," Greg accepts it with a date of "1827?" from Boguslawski's tables. See: 1827 [Aug] 30, (I; 1335).]


1827 Aug and Sept / Auroras / Gt Brit / Am J. Sci. 14/95, 108. [I; 1337. Silliman, Benjamin D. "Notice of the late Aurora Borealis." American Journal of Science, 14 (1828): 91-111, at 95-96, 108-109.]


1827 Sept / —Aug = 15/199 // A / France / A.J.S. 14/107. [I; 1338. Silliman, Benjamin D. "Notice of the late Aurora Borealis." American Journal of Science, 14 (1828): 91-111, at 107-108. Gale, Leonard Dunnell. "Aurora Borealis—Magnetic Needle, &c." American Journal of Science, 15 (1829): 199-200.]


1827 Sept / A / Denmark / A.J.S. 14/107. [I; 1339. Silliman, Benjamin D. "Notice of the late Aurora Borealis." American Journal of Science, 14 (1828): 91-111, at 107.]


1827 Sept. 25 / Ext. aurora / London / Quar Jour Roy Inst 24/385 / Arcana Sci 1828/150. [I; 1340. "Aurora Borealis Observed at Deptford." Arcana of Science, 1 (1828): 150. Kendall, E.A. "A Description of the Aurora Borealis seen in London on the Evening and Night of the 25th of September, 1827." Quarterly Journal of Literature, Science and the Arts, 24 (1827): 385-423.]


1827 Sept 25 / early evening / at Portland, Maine / Streamers of light from all points of horizon, focussing at zenith. Fewer streamers in north, where sky blood red. / National Gazette (Philadelphia), Oct. 3. [I; 1341. (National Gazette (Philadelphia), October 3, 1827.)]


1827 Sept. 25 / 11 p.m. / Great aurora / London / Gent's Mag, Oct, p. 354. [I; 1342. "Literature and Scientific Intelligence." Gentleman's Magazine, 97 pt. 2 (October 1827): 351-355, at 354, c.v. "Aurora Borealis."]


1827 before Sept 26 / Great q / Lahore / BA '11. [I; 1343. Milne, 703.]


1827 Sept 27 / [London Times]. 3-c / 28-3-b / Aurora. [I; 1344. "Aurora Borealis." London Times, September 27, 1827, p. 3 c. 3.  "A very unusual appearance...." Brighton Gazette, September 27, 1827, p. 3 c. 3. "A very unusual appearance of that brilliant phenomenon, the Aurora Borealis, was observed here on Tuesday night about eleven o'clock. The whole of the north-west of the atmosphere was illuminated, and remained more or less so during the night. The streamers changed frequently from a light to a dark red colour; and it is considered to have been the most vivid of that description of meteor which has been witnessed for a long period. The last was, we believe, seen in 1804."]


1827 Oct 5 / (F) / Stonefall / Bialistock, Russian Poland / Greg asks if date = Oct 8. / BA 60. [I; 1345. Fletcher, 100. This is the Bialystock meteorite. Fletcher gives the date of the fall as October 5, 1827. Greg, 72.]


1827 Oct 8 / right date // Belostok, Russia / bet 9 and 10 a.m. / great detonation and fall of stones / Q J. R. Inst 25-232. [I; 1346. "Fall of Aërolites." Quarterly Journal of Science and the Arts, Royal Institution of Great Britain, 25 (1828): 233. This article gives "26th Sept." and "Oct. 8th" as the date of the Bialystock meteorite.]


1827 Oct 9 / Jour des Deb, 18th, tells of other great rains, especially on 11th, and floods. Rhone highest since 1801. [I; 1347. "Tandis qu'à Paris les eaux de la Seine...," "On nous écrit de Vienne (Isère)...," and, "On  écrit de Grenoble...." Journal des Debats, October 18, 1827, p. 3 c. 2, p. 4 c. 1.]


1827 Oct 9 / Mag of Nat Hist 1-384 / Joyeuse (Ardêche) / 29 inches of water fell in 2 hours. In 11 days, 36 inches fell. [I; 1348. "Extraordinary Fall of Rain." Magazine of Natural History, 1 (November 1828): 384. "Sur les Quantités extraordinaires de pluie qu'on a recueillies dans diverses villes en 1827."  Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2 v. 36 (1827): 413- 415.]  


1827 Oct 9 / At Joyeuse (de l' Ardèche), fell 29 inches of rain. In eleven days in Oct there fell 36 inches of water, or about double the quantity for the whole year at Paris. / Arcana of Sci 1829-201. [I; 1349.1, 1349.2. "Extraordinary Instances of Fall of Rain." Arcana of Science, 2 (1829): 201.]


1827 Oct 17 / wrms / Jour. de St. Petersbourg, Nov 14, copied in Edin J. Sci 9-154 / At town of Pokroff, in Russia, "a prodigious quantity of worms of a black colour, ringed, and in length three-quarters of a verschok." "They had on each side three feet, by means of which they appeared to crawl very fast upon the snow." Body from head one-third down looked like black velvet. In a vessel filled with snow several lived nine days, although the thermometer 8 degrees below zero. Those carried to a warm place soon died. / D-92. [I; 1350.1to 1350.3. The note copies information from page 92 of The Book of the Damned. "Notice of a shower of Insects which fell in a Snow Storm at Pokroff in Russia." Edinburgh Journal of Science, 9 (1828): 154. "Queer rains." Scientific American, n.s., 31 (September 26, 1874): 193. A "verschok" is 4.445 centimeters, or 1.75 inches, in length.]


1827 Oct 21 - 23 / Caucasia / I [Light quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1351. Milne, 703.]


1827 Oct 31 / Along coast of Kent, extremely high tide. Bank of Thames flooded, and many sheep drowned. / Gent's Mag, Nov, p. 457. [I; 1352. "Domestic Occurrences." Gentleman's Magazine, 97 pt. 2 (November 1827): 456-458, at 457.]


1827 Nov 15 / Frankfort / F. ball / [BA] '60. [I; 1353. Greg, 72.]


1827 Nov 16 / U.S. Columbia / Violent q.—great destruction, detonations, "occuring at intervals of thirty seconds with wonderful regularity. Gases discharged and masses of mud. / BA 54. [I; 1354. Mallet, 184-185. Milne, 703.]


1827 Nov 16 / q. / Bogota / and extraordinary rains / Mag. Nat. Hist 6-300. [I; 1355. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...."  Magazine of Natural History, 6 (July 1833): 289-308. at 300.]


1827 Nov 16 / 6 p.m. / Great q / U.S. Columbia // 17 / 9 a.m. / Severe shocks / E. Siberia /// BA 54 / Almost exactly same time. [I; 1356. Mallet, 184-185. "This account is rendered very remarkable by its showing the earthquake in Siberia to have been almost exactly at the same time as that in S. America, and therefore making it probable that the same shock was propagated to the enormous distance between Sta Fé and Ochozk."]


1827 Nov. 18 / U.S. Columbia / eruption of volcano of  Purace. / BA 54. [I; 1357. Mallet, 185.]


1827 Nov. 30 / W. Indies / also coast S.A. / Shocks. In some places preceded by violent wind. / BA 54. [I; 1358. Mallet, 186. Milne, 703.]


1827 Nov. 30 / Dec 1 / Dec 8 // Violent shocks in Martinique, followed by rain. / B.A. 54. [I; 1359. Mallet, 186.]


1827 Dec 9 / Volc eruption near village of Jokmali (Baku), on Caspian Sea. / BA 54. [I; 1360. Mallet,  186. Humboldt, Alexander von. Elise Charlotte Otté, trans. Cosmos: a Sketch of a Physical Description of the Universe. London: H.G. Bohn, 1848, v. 1, 222. "When the mud volcano of Jokmali began to form, on the 27th of November, 1827, in the peninsula of Abscheron, on the Caspian sea, east of Baku, the flames flashed up to an extaordinary height for three hours, while during the next twenty hours they scarcely rose three feet above the crater, from which mud was ejected." Jokmali was one of the four hundred mud volcanoes, in Azerbaijan, (which spew mud, sand, and flaming gases, rather than magmatic eruptions).]


1827 Dec 9 / At Vega-de-Supia / 8:30 p.m. / detonation heard by Humboldt / Bull. Soc. Belge de Geol. 9-190. [I; 1361. Van den Broeck, E. "Les Mistpoeffers...." Bulletin de la Société belge de géologie, 9 (1895): 182-199, at 190. "Après la lecture du procès-verbal, M. Boussingault...." Comptes Rendus, 93 (July 18, 1881): 105-106. Humboldt, (who was residing in Berlin in December of 1827), only discusses detonations heard in the absence of any earth tremors, in his book, Cosmos; and, Jean-Baptiste Boussingault was the person who heard the detonations at La Vega de Supia, in Colombia, in 1827, and, later, recounted the phenomenon that occurred on  December 9th, (which was recorded in Comptes Rendus).  Humboldt, Alexander von. Cosmos: a Sketch of a Physical Description of the Universe. London: H.G. Bohn, 1848, v. 1, 203-204.]  


1827 Dec 13 / Lisbon, Portugal / I / [Light quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1362. Milne, 703.]


1828:


[1828. Wrong date. See: 1826, (I; 1363).]


[1828 /] 1829 / (P) / Bushmills, Ireland / frogs / "half-formed" /  Arcana of Sci., 1830/217. [I; 1433. "Shower of Frogs." Arcana of Science, 3 (1830): 217. "Shower of Frogs." Magazine of Natural History, 2 (April 1829): 103. "As two gentleman were sitting...." London Standard, June 19, 1828, p. 3 c. 5. "As two gentlemen were sitting conversing on a causeway pillar, near Bushmills, they were very much surprised by an unusuallu heavy shower of frogs, falf- formed, falling in all directions; some of which are preserved in spirits of wine, and are now exhibited to the curious by the two resident apothecaries in Bushmills.—Belfast Chronicle."]


1828 winter / Larvae / (D-93). [I; 1364. The note copies information from page 93 of The Book of the Damned. Müller, Albert. "On the dispersal of non-migrating insects by atmospheric agencies." Transactions of the Entomological Society of London, 1871, 175-186, at 184. Correct quote: "Snow, together with larvæ, fell in the Eifel," and, "Count C. Tyzenhaus records a fall of Telephorus fuscus in Lithuania."]


1828 Jan 5 / [London Times], 3-a / Astro phenomena. [I; 1365. "Astronomical Phenomenon." London Times, January 5, 1828, p. 3 c. 1. The conjunction of Mars and Jupiter was noted.]


1828 Jan 7 / Eruption of fire and water / Jokmali, Persia / Mag Nat Hist 6-301. [I; 1366. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 6 (July 1833): 289-308, at 301.]


1828 Jan. 14 / Venice / Q / "After the motion had ceased a prolonged, dull noise was heard in the air." / det met? / BA '54 / 11:45 p.m. [I; 1367; Mallet, 187. The "det met?" is only Fort's speculation.]


1828 Jan 18 / Gotha / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1368. Greg, 72.]


1828 Jan 29 / Krassova, Hungary / q preceded by th. storm / BA 54. [I; 1369. Mallet, 187.]


1828 Feb. 2 / Island of Ischia, Italy / II / [Medium quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1370. Milne, 703.]


1828 Feb 2 / March 14 // Vesuvius after quiet 6 years. / Q of Ischia on Feb 2. / Bib Univ. 39/157. [I; 1371. Covelli, Nicolas. "Observations sur le Tremblement de Terre qui a eu lieu dans l'Île d'Ischia, le 2 Février 1828." Bibliothèque Universelle des Sciences, Belles-Lettres, et Arts, Sciences et Arts, 39 (1828): 157-165.]


[1828—or 1829: Feb 7. Wrong date. See: 1829 Feb 7, (I; 1372).]


1828 Feb. 11 / New York / S.W. to N.E. / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1373. Greg, 72.]


1828 Feb 19 / Iceland / II / [Medium quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1374. Milne, 703.]


1828 Feb. 23 / March 21 / Aug 13 / Dec 3 // q's / Belgium / Ciel et Terre 8/38. [I; 1375. Lancaster, Albert Benoît Marie. "Les Tremblements de terre en Belgique." Ciel et Terre, 8 (March 16, 1887): 25-43, at 38.]


[1828 Feb 27. Wrong date. See: 1827 Feb 16, (I; 1376).]


1828 Feb 29 / [London Times[, 3-f / March 4-3-a / 26-3-b / q / Antwerp. [I; 1377. "Earthquake.—Antwerp." London Times, February 29, 1828, p. 3 c. 6. "The earthquake lately felt in the Netherlands...." London Times, March 4, 1828, p. 3 c. 1. "The Late Earthquake in the Netherlands. London Times, March 26, 1828, p. 3 c. 2.]


1828 March 14 / Vesuvius / 17 and 18, more violent, to 22nd, when diminish / An Reg 1828-40. [I; 1378. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 70 (1828): 1-188, at 39-40, cv. "Eruption of Vesuvius."]


1828 March 20 or 22 / b. snow. / Roseneath, Scotland. / Ac to old resident to Lewis P. Muirhead, in Nature 29-494, snow fell in black or sooty flakes. [I; 1379. "Meteoric Dust." Nature, 29 (March 20, 1884): 494.]


1828 Mar. 20, 22 / See 14. / B. R. Success[ive] / Scotland, Clyde Valley / (D-31). [I; 1380. The note copies information from page 31 of The Book of the Damned. Muirhead, Lewis P. "Meteoric dust." Knowledge, 5 (March 21, 1884): 190.]


1828 March 30 / Peru and rain and q / Very violent q—"the most extraodinary and violent rain followed, lasted four days, and produced most disastrous inundations." / BA '54 / Peru. [I; 1381. Mallet,  191-192. Milne, 703.]


[1828 March 30 /] 1838 March 30 / q and aerial / Reported by ship Captain—a black thin cloud passed overhead—"very heavy distant thunder". Q at Lima and lives lost. / J. F. Inst 23/308 / Elec current seems to have passed over chain of ship's anchor. Parts had appearance of having been melted. [I; 2304.1, 2304.2. "Earthquake at Anchor." Journal of the Franklin Institute, s. 2 v. 19 (1837): 308. "Earthquake at Anchor." Nautical Magazine, 5 (1836): 695-696. "The ship was moored with two chain-cables, and on weighing the anchors a few days after, we found 56 links of the best bower cable much injured; the iron had the appearance of being melted, and nearly one-sixth of the link was destroyed."]


1828 April / Volc in Kamtschatka / Mag Nat Hist 6-301. [I; 1382. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...."  Magazine of Natural History, 6 (July 1833): 289-308, at 301. The Avachinsky volcano erupted on April 17, 1828.]


1828 April / Fish / ac to an April no of Inverness Courier, copied in Edin Jour Sci 9-156 / At Foddherty, Strathpfeffer, a field found covered with herring 3 to 4 inches long. Sea 3 miles away. [I; 1383. "Account of a shower of Herrings which fell in Ross-shire in Scotland." Edinburgh Journal of Science, 9 (1828): 154-155. "A Shower of Herrings." Inverness Courier, April 23, 1828, p. 3 c. 2.]


1828 Ap. 14 / Ross-shire / fish / (D-84) / Liv Age 52/186 / An Reg—1828/55. ** [I; 1384. The note copies information from page 84 of The Book of the Damned. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 70 (1828): 1-188, at 55, cv. "Shower of Herrings." Buist, George. "Showers of fish." Living Age, 52 (1857): 186. "In 1828, a similar fall of fish occurred in Ross-shire, three miles from the First of Tain." "A Shower of Herrings." Inverness Courier, April 23, 1828, p. 3 c. 2.]


1828 May / Hauser enters Nuremberg. [A; 82.]


1828 May 8 or 9 / W—for 1827 and 1829. [I; 1385.]


1828 middle May and end May / Unusual number of sunspots, one of them of unusual size / Edin J. Sci., 9-169. [I; 1386. "Spots on the Sun." Edinburgh Journal of Science, 9 (1828): 169.]


1828 May / Tscheroi, Turkey / Stonefall / BA 60. [I; 1387. Greg, 72.]


[1828 May 14. Wrong date. See: 1826 May 14, (I; 1388).]


1828 May 18 / I / Marsala, Italy / [Light quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1389. Milne, 703.]


1828 May 24 / Tremendous sunspot by Pastorff / Ast. Reg 7-13. [I; 1390. "A Descriptive Account of the Sun and Planets." Astronomical Register, 4 (1866): 2-7, 29-33, 57-62, at 31. Pastorff, Johann Wilhelm. "Beobachtung der am 24. May und 21, Juny 1828 zur bedeutendsten Größe angewachsenen sehr großen Sonnenflecke vom Geheimerath v. Pastorff in Buchholz bei Frankfurt an der Oder." Astronomische Nachrichten, 6 (1828): 471-474.]


1828 May 26 / (C) / (N) op / Obj thought not been a sunspot, seen on disk of sun, by Pastorff / M Notices 34/26 / because Olbers had predicted comet across the sun this day. [I; 1391. Raynard, A. Cowper. "On a remarkable Nebulous Spot observed upon the Sun's Disc by Pastorff, May 26th, 1828." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 34 (November 14, 1873): 26. Fort apparently confuses this sunspot with the nebulous object observed by Pastorff on June 26, 1819, (which is when Olbers calculated the Comet of 1819, C/1819 N1, would have transited the Sun's disc). Hind, John Russell. "On the Transit across the Sun's Disk of the Second or Great Comet of 1819." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 36 (May 12, 1876): 309-313. See: 1819 June 26, (I; 710).]


1828 May 28 / Kratzburg / fishes / Archiv. Verein Freunde Natur of Mecklenburg 12-75 / Jour Amer. Museum Nat Hist 21/615. [I; 1392. The first article cited, by Ernst Boll, concerns the fall of fishes at Steur, in 1795; and, his second article, here, mentions the fall of fishes at Krazburg, in 1828. Boll, Ernst. "Beiträge zur Gewitterkunde mit besonderer Berücksichtigung von Meklenburg." Archiv des Vereins der Freunde der Naturgeschichte in Mecklenburg, 12 (1858): 59-155, at 75.  Boll, Ernst. "Fischregen in Pommern und Mecklenburg." Archiv des Vereins der Freunde der Naturgeschichte in Mecklenburg, 21 (1868): 151-152. Gudger, Eugene Willis. "Rains of Fishes." American Museum Journal, 21 (1921): 607-619, at 615.]


1828 last of May / No q / BA. [I; 1393.]


1828 June 4 / (F) / 9 a.m. / 7 miles S.W. of Richmond, Va. / metite / A. J. Sci 15/195 / 16/191 / Looked very much like volcanic rock. [I; 1394. Cocke, John H., Jr. "Virginia Aerolite." American Journal of Science, 15 (1829): 195-196. Shepard, Charles Upham. "A mineralogical and chemical description of the Virginia Aerolite." American Journal of Science, 16 (1829): 191-203. "Aérolithe aux Etats-Unis, dans le comté de Chesterfield, en Virginie."Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2 v. 39 (1828): 421-422. Fletcher, 100. This is the Richmond meteorite. Greg, 72.]


1828 June 6 / Great q. / Kashmir / 1000 killed / BA '11. [I; 1395. Milne, 703.]


1828 June 8 / Volc / Goentoer, Java / N.M. / C.R. 70-878. [I; 1396. Backer, 880. The Guntur volcano.]


1828 June 8 or 10 / Canton de Vaud, Switzerland / Painted Ladies / from S to N / column 10 or 15 feet broad / for 2 hours / Athenaeum 1828/891. [I; 1397. "Popular Science." Athenaeum and Literary Chronicle, 3 (1828): 891-892, at 891, "Entomology."]


1828 June 15 / Smyrna / I / [BA 1911]. [I; 1398. Milne, 703.]


1828 June 16 / [London Times], 5-b / Sunspots. [I; 1399. "Spots on the Sun." London Times, June 16, 1828, p. 5 c. 2.]


1828 summer / BO / Teleport / In Amer Jour. Sci, 16-41, Joseph E. Muse tells of a ditch that had been dug upon his farm near Cambridge, Maryland, in land ten feet above a river that was a mile away. The work was interrupted by rain that continued 10 or 12 days. The rain water filling the ditch contained hundreds of fish, two kinds of perch. They could not have developed from fish spawn in so short a time: they were from four to seven inches long. There had been a similar occurence several years before. In a ditch unconnected with any body of water had appeared many perch, some of them a foot in length. [I; 1400.1, 1400.2, 1400.3. Muse, Joseph E. "Notice of the appearance of fish and lizards in extraordinary circumstances." American Journal of Science, 16 (1829): 41-44. Gudger, Eugene Willis "Rains of Fishes." American Museum Journal, 21 (1921): 607-619, at 610.]


1828 summer / fish / Cambridge, Maryland / Am. J. Sci 16/41. [I; 1403. Muse, Joseph E. "Notice of the appearance of fish and lizards in extraordinary circumstances." American Journal of Science, 16 (1829): 41-44.]


1828 June 30 / 15 h / Op. Mars / (Al). [I; 1401.]


1828 July 7 / —20 h / Venus / Inf. conjunction / (Al). [I; 1402.]


1828 Aug 9 / Caucasia / III / [Heavy quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1404. Milne, 703.]


1828 Sept. 7 / Horton, Ribblesdale / Met size moon / brilliance = sunlight / BA 60. [I; 1405. Greg, 72.]


1828 Sept 14 / Tarragone, Spain / Storm / lightning / terrific concussions in the sky / fall of hailstones of 4 or 5 ounces and more each / Arch. des. Decouv. 1829-187. [I; 1406. "Gréle extraordinaire tombée en 1828." Les Archives des Decouvertes et des Inventions Nouvelles, 22 (1829): 186-188. "Gréle extraordinaire en Espagne." Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2 v. 39 (December, 1828): 427-428. The hail fell at Tarragona between 8 and 8:30 A.M.]


1828 Sept 14 / Catalonia, Spain / "Extraordinary storm, accompanied by hail of most unusual size. / BA 54-196 / Q on 15. [I; 1407. Mallet, 196. Shocks began in Murcia on the 13th with the most violent at 5 P.M., on the 15th. "In some places loud subterranean noises were heard. On the 14th there had been an extraordinary storm in Catalonia, accompanied by hail of most unusual size." Milne, 703.]


1828 Sept 14 - 15 / night / Murcia, Spain / disastrous q / Arch. des Decouv. 1829-198. [I; 1408.  "Tremblemens de terre en Espagne." Les Archives des Decouvertes et des Inventions Nouvelles, 22 (1829): 198-199.]


1828 Sept 29 / Norwich, Eng / shaft of light in the sky / Mechanic's Mag 22/192. [I; 1409. "Late Celestial Phenomenon." Mechanics' Magazine, Museum, Register, Journal, and Gazette, 22, (no. 592; December 13, 1834): 192. This article refers to an earlier article of a recent phenomenon seen at Liverpool, on November 3, 1834. "Celestial Phenomenon." Mechanics' Magazine, Museum, Register, Journal, and Gazette, 22, (no. 588; November 15, 1834): 128.]


1828 Sept 29 / Great beam / Phil Mag 2/4/index / lum. of one. [I; 1410. Kater, Henry. "On the Luminous Zone observed in the Heaven on the 29th of September last." Philosophical Magazine, s. 2 v. 4 (1828): 337-338. Forster, Thomas. "On the Zodiacal Light of the 29th of September, as It Appeared from Chelmsford." Philosophical Magazine, s. 2 v. 4 (1828): 389-390. "Aurora Borealis." Philosophical Magazine, s. 2 v. 4 (1828): 392-393. "Aurora Borealis?" Philosophical Magazine, s. 2 v. 4 (1828): 393-394. Dalton, John. "On the Height of the Aurora Borealis above the Surface of the Earth. Philosophical Magazine, s. 2 v. 4 (1828): 418-428. Gilbert, Davies. "On the Luminous Belt of September the 29th." Philosophical Magazine, s. 2 v. 4 (1828): 453- 454. Forster, Benjamin Meggot. "Luminous Belt of Sept. 29th." Philosophical Magazine, s. 2 v. 4 (1828): 463-464.]


[1828 Sept 29 /] 1829 Sept 29 / Ext aurora or zod light / Phil Mag 2/4/463 / See Sept 29, 1828. [I; 1507. Forster, Benjamin Meggot. "Luminous Belt of Sept. 29th." Philosophical Magazine, s. 2 v. 4 (1828): 463-464. See: 1828 Sept 29, (I; 1410).]


1828 Oct 1 / Canary Islands / I / [Light Quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1411. Milne, 703.]


1828 Oct 2 / Beam / [London Times], 3-e / 4-4-b // 1-3-a / Rainbow phe /// See Sept 29, 1829. [I; 1412. "To the Editor of the Times." London Times, October 2, 1828, p. 3 c. 5. "About half-past eight o'clock on the evening of the 29th instant, I was kindly invited by a neighbour to walk out into the street to witness an extraordinary appearance in the heavens. On doing so, my attention was instantly rivetted by a fine luminous arch, extending about 150 deg., as nearly as possible, from west to east, not immediately crossing our zenith, but depressed from it about 20 or 30 deg. to the south. Perhaps I am not quite correct in speaking of it as an arch; for its direction was somewhat irregular, and, at one part, nearly rectilinear. It was much brighter at its western than at its eastern extremity, though in all parts surpassing the brightness of the Milky Way. It was perfectly transparent, offering no interruption to the ray's proceeding from the stars behind it. The apparent width of this luminous band was perhaps six feet, though it was far from regular, tapering off to the east, and reaching to the constellation Pleiades. This phenomenon was visible for upwards of an hour, though with occasional variations in its degree of brightness, and with one or two interruptions of its continuity. The night was beautifully clear...." "To the Editor of the Times." London Times, October 4, 1828, p. 4 c. 2. "On tracing the course of this singular phenomenon upon a celestial globe, its path appears to have been that of a great circle meeting the horizon in E.N.E. and W. by S." "Rainbow phenomena." London Times, October 1, 1828, p. 3 c. 1. Only a bright fragment of a rainbow was visible to the observer, as it dissipated under a series of clouds. "At length the whole bow vanished, except a fragment of a few degrees high, in contact with the ground. Viewing the vivid brilliancy of this fragment, we were surprised to see it suddenly shoot up to near the top of the complete arch, and after remaiing unsteadily for a few moments, again die away. This was repeated again and again for at least half a dozen times, presenting a series of flitting primatic coruscations more beautiful than can easily be conceived." See: 1829 Sept 29, (I: 1409, 1410).]


1828 Oct 5 - 8 / Emilia, Italy / I / [Light quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1413. Milne, 703.]


1828 Oct 9 / Italy, north of Genoa / II / [Medium quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1414. Milne, 703.]


1828 Oct 9 / (+) / (It) / q and geolog / See next. / Piedmont / flames from a crevice? /See 1805 and q. [I; 1415. (Galli, Ignazio. "Raccolta e classificazione di fenomeni luminosi osservati nei terremoti." Bollettino della Società sismologica italiana, 14 (1910): 221-448, at 346.) See: 1805 July 26, (I; 146).]


1828 Oct. 10 / Turin / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1416. Greg, 72.]


1828 Oct 9 / Oct 10 // Turin—Genoa, etc. / qs / a met on 9th / BA '54. [I; 1417. Mallet, 197.]


1828 Oct 10 / (It) / det met / Piedmont / and q / See: 1805. [I; 1418. See: (1805).]


1828 Oct. 10 / Violent q in Italy—many villages ruined. "Several persons said they had seen a luminous meteor shortly before the shock." / B. Assoc, '54-197. [I; 1419. Mallet, 197.]


1828 Oct 13 / St Lawrence / Dark day / smoke / rain bitter with effects / smoke fell / Arcana of Science 1830/237. [I; 1420. "Dark Day." Arcana of Science, 3 (1830): 237.]


1828 Oct 17 / (It) / The concussions of the 10th repeated at Voghera till the 17th. / See 1805. [I; 1421. (Galli, Ignazio. "Raccolta e classificazione di fenomeni luminosi osservati nei terremoti." Bollettino della Società Sismologica Italiana, 14 (1910): 221-448, at 346.) See: 1805 July 26, (I; 146).]


1828 Oct 20 / astro / [Lond. Times], 3-c / Nov. 12-3-c / Comet of 1835. [I; 1422. Herapath, John. "The Comet of 1835." London Times, October 20, 1828, p. 3 c. 3. Herapath, John. "To the Editor of the Times." London Times, November 12, 1828, p. 3 c. 3. Two of John Herapath's letters to the Times, (before his reputed discovery of the Great Comet of 1831, or C/1831 A1), attempted to dispell concerns about comets colliding with the Earth.]


1828 Oct 9 // Oct 24, [London Times], 2-c / q—Genoa / See Oct, 9, 10. [I; 1423. "Earthquake." London Times, October 24, 1828, p. 2 c. 3. See: 1828 Oct 9, (I: 1414, 1417, 1418), and 1828 Oct 10, (I: 1418, 1419).]


1828 Oct. 29 / India / II / [Medium quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1424. Milne, 703.]


1828 Nov. 5 / Mars in quadrature. [I; 1425.]


1828 Nov. 6 / Cape Town / Meteor / BA 60. [I; 1426. The meteor is listed in Greg's catalog, ("60"), not Mallet's, ("54"). Greg, 72.]


1828 Nov. 9 / Philippines / II / [Medium quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1427. Milne, 703.]


1828 Nov 11 - 12 / In Isère, France, large meteor and others smaller. / C.R., 3-50. [I; 1428. Bruyas. "Météores lumineux vus dans la nuit du 11 au 12 novembre 1828." Comptes Rendus, 3 (1836): 50.]


1828 Nov. 21 / 1 p.m. / Mysterious explosive sound heard by the naturalist Roth, in Switzerland. / Bull Soc. Belge D'Astro, 4-196. [I; 1429. Vincent, Jean. "Les Bruits Mystérieux en Suisse." Bulletin de la Société belge d'astronomie, 4 (1898): 191-198, at 196. "Le 21 novembre 1828, la nuit, vers 1 h., le bruit mystérieux fut entendu par le naturaliste [Albrecht Wilhelm] Roth et par d'autres observateurs attentifs. Le ciel était couvert et donna de la pluie."]


1828 Dec 3 / [London Times]. 3-d / 10-2-c / 19-3-a / Somnamb. [A; 83. "The Following case...." London Times, December 6, 1828, p. 3 c. 4.  "Extraordinary Case of Somnambulism." London Times, December 10, 1828, p. 2 c. 3. "Remarkable Instance of Somnambulism." London Times, December 19, 1828, p. 3 c. 1.]


1828 Dec 16 / [London Times], 3-f / Storm—frightful at Portsmouth. [I; 1430. "The Late Storm." London Times, December 16, 1828, p. 3 c. 6. The article refers to the "Frightful Tempest" at Limerick, (with no mention of Portsmouth).]


1828 Dec 18 / q. / Sea waves / Japan / III / [Heavy / BA 1911]. [I; 1431. Milne, 703.]


1828 Dec 29 / 10 a.m. / Great q., Celebes, and sea rose tremendously. / BA 54. [I; 1432, Mallet, 200. Milne, 703.]


1829:


[1829. Wrong date. See: 1828, (I; 1433).]


1829 / Persia / Manna / D-53. [I; 1434. The note copies information from page 53 of The Book of the Damned. "Fall of manna." Timbs'  Year-Book of Facts in Science and Art, 1848, 235-236.]  


1829 / Volc reported in N. S. Wales / Gent's Mag 1829/1/636. [I; 1435. "Foreign News." Gentleman's Magazine, 99 pt. 1 (July 1827): 636-637.]


1829 Jan / Unusual fall of rain in Lakes District / Tr. Roy Soc Edin 22-41. [I; 1436. Davy, John. "Notice of an unusual Fall of Rain in the Lake District, in January 1829." Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 22 (1861): 41-49.]


1829 month of Jan / q and aerial and stationary / (Cut) / Shocks almost daily at Patras, Greece, always accompanied [by] atmospheric disturbance. / B Assoc—54-201. [I; 1437. Mallet, 201.]


1829 Jan 1 / [London Times], 3-f / Aurora / Hull. [I; 1438. "A singular modification of the Aurora Borealis...." London Times, January 1, 1829, p. 3 c. 6.]


1829 Jan 10 / [London Times]. 2-f / 24-2-c / 31-4-a / Feb 9-5-f / Trance. [A; 84. "The following is an account of the extraordinary case of trance...." London Times, January 10, 1829, p. 2 c. 6. "In addition to the particulars of the extraordinary case of Sarah Carter...." London Times, January 24, 1829, p. 2. c. 3. "Sarah Carter." London Times, January 31, 1829, p. 4 c. 1. "We understand that Sarah Carter..." London Times, February 9, 1829, p. 5 c. 6.]


1829 Jan - April / # / Series of fires / Rheims / An Reg 1829/138. [A; 85. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 71 (1829): pt. 2, 1-191, at 138-140, cv. "Juvenile Incendiary."]


1829 Jan 31 - Ap 9 / Fires / An. Reg. 1829-138 / Boy Lambert Canizot, who lived with father at Sommerville, (Hermouville) France. On Jan 31, house took fire on thatched roof, whic[h] sloped down to a few feet of the ground. Feb 9, at 9 in morning, another fire in an out house. Boy was first to see it, and spread the alarm. Same day, another fire on another thatched roof. The boy gave the alarm. On 15th, in afternoon, a shoe full of dead embers found near a pile of straw. Shoe belonged to the boy's small brother. "It was evident" that the cinders had been so carried. 3 days later, at 9 on the morning, in the home of one Latuc, fire on lower part of thatched roof — heated conders found near it. The boy gave the alarm. Feb 24, house of one Deen afire on thatch a few feet from ground. March 14 — another house — thatch, near ground — boy gave the alarm. Other fires — then Canizot was seen thrusting his hand into a thatched roof — he saw he was watched and crept away on hands and knees. A little later fire burst out here. The boy was arrested, found guilty and sentenced to 20 years imprisonment in the House of Correction. [A; 86.1 to 86.6. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 71 (1829): pt. 2, 1-191, at 138-140, cv. "Juvenile Incendiary."]


1829 Feb. 7 / ab 3 p.m. / Capt Sturt, exploring Southern Australia, camped on the bank of the Darling River. Heard what seemed to be the report of a gun 5 or 6 miles away—"heavy piece of ordnance". Great mystery to him, and he could in no way account for it. / Nature—81-127. [I; 1439.1, 1439.2. Cleland, John Burton. "Barisàl Guns in Australia." Nature, 81 (July 29, 1909): 127. Cleland quotes from Strut's Two Expeditions into the Interior of Southern Australia. See: 1829 Feb 7, (I; 1372).]


[1829 Feb 7 /] 1828—or 1829: Feb 7 / 3 p.m. / On Darling River, Australia. / Report as if big gun. / Sturt, "Central Australia, 2-21. [I; 1372. Sturt, Charles. Narrative of an Expedition into Central Australia. London: T and W. Boone, 1849, v. 2, 25. "When I was on the Darling, in lat. 30°, in 1828, I was roused from my work by a similar report; but neither on that occasion, or on this, could I solve the mystery in which it was involved. It might, indeed, have been some gaseous explosion, but I never, in the interior, saw any indication of such phenomena." Sturt, Charles. Two Expeditions into the Interior of Southern Australia. London: Smith, Elder and Co., 1833, v. 1, 98. "About 3 p.m. on the 7th, Mr. Hume and I were occupied tracing the chart upon the ground. The day had been remarkably fine, not a cloud was there in the heavens, nor a breath of air to be felt. On a sudden we heard what seemed to be the report of a gun fired at a distance of between five and six miles. It was the hollow sound of an earthly explosion, or the sharp cracking noise of falling timber, but in every way resembled a discharge of a heavy piece of ordnance. On this we all agreed, but no one was certain whence the sound proceeded." While Strut identifies this expedition as "in 1828," the phenomenon occurred on February 7, 1829.]


1829 Feb 21 / Disastrous q throughout south of Iceland / BA 54. [I; 1440. Mallet, 201. Milne, 703.]


1829 Feb 21 and 22 / south of Iceland / Shocks—q / farms destroyed / Smithsonian Inst Rept. 1885-510. [I; 1441. "Volcanic Eruptions and Earthquakes in Iceland within Historic Times." Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian, 1885, 495-541, at 510.]


1829 Feb 24 to March 10 / Several qs a day around Lake Baikal / Mag Nat Hist 6-301. [I; 1442. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 6 (July 1833): 289-308, at 301.]


[1829 March. Wrong date. See: 1829 Oct 24, (I; 1443).]


1829 March / Slight shocks in Murcia. Went in at least to Ap., 1833. / See BA 54. [I; 1444. Mallet, 202-205, 207-211, 220, 238. Garnier, Jean Guillaume. Traité de météorologie, ou Physique du globe. Brussels: Société belge de librairie, 1837, 172.]


1829 March 5 / [London Times], 7-a / Ext. Discovery. [A; 90. "Extraordinary Discovery." London Times, March 5, 1829, p. 7 c. 1. The discovery of the Gallagh Man, a preserved bog body found in Galway, is described along with an offer of it to a museum. The remains of the Gallagh Man, who died about two thousand years ago, are now on display at the National Museum of Ireland, in Dublin.]


1829 Mar 8 / Irkutsk, Siberia / Said severe q felt several hundred miles—but no damage recorded. / A clattering noise heard—It was Dr. Erman's conclusion noise was overhead and not subterranean. The noise "seemed to recur according to a certain rule. Vibrations were felt up to the 22nd. / B Assoc 54/201. [I; 1445.1, 1445.2. Mallet, 201-202. Milne, 703.]


1829 Mar 19 / 12:30 a.m. / Maling, Dalecarlia, Sweden / q and met sound / BA '54. [I; 1446. Mallet, 202. "Accompanied by loud noise in the air." Mallet does not mention any meteor with this quake.]


1829 March 21 / q. / Murcia, Spain / Fearful noise and a column of fire to the eastward of Murcia. / L.T., Ap. 14-4-a // At Benejuzar, four craters opened, 2 of which threw out lava. / L.T. 16-3-c. [I; 1447.1, 1447.2. "Earthquake in Spain." London Times, April 14, 1829, p. 4 c. 1. "The earthquake of the 21st was accompanied with a fearful noise. Travellers observed a column of fire, which at the moment of the shock, made its appearance towards the eastward of Murcia." "The Late Earthquake in Spain." London Times, April 16, 1829, p. 3 c. 3. "At Benejuzar four craters opened, two of which threw out lava, and others exhalations so fœtid that they were felt at more than the distance of a league."]


1829 March 21 / 5:20 a.m. / Violent shocks in Jamaica / BA 54. [I; 1448. Mallet, 202.]


1829 March 21 / Q in province of Murcia—severe. 2 salt lakes, water disappeared. At Benejuzar, 250 perished. / A. Reg., p. 63 / Here, at B., 4 craters opened and threw out lava. Out of all towns by Ap. 3, more than 3,000 bodies dug out. A column of fire was seen toward the eastward of Murcia. [I; 1449.1, 1449.2. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 71 (1829): pt. 2, 1-191, at 63-64, cv. "Earthquake."]


1829 March 21 / 6:30 p.m., in Murcia. Premonitory sounds like thunder heard 3/4 hour. It was like cannon fire. / BA 54. [I; 1450. Mallet, 202. Milne, 703.]


1829 March 22 / Sounds like cannon firing and shocks / Ancona, Italy / BA 54. [I; 1451. Mallet, 203.]


1829 March 22, 23, 24, 30 / Shocks / Jamaica / BA 54. [I; 1452. Kieswetter: "27 great severity." Mallet, 203.]


1829 Ap 1, 6, 16, 24— / qs and rain / Q's in Spain. "Heavy rain fell almost the whole month through, in Spain, producing great inundations." / BA '54 / See June 1. [I; 1453. Mallet, 203-205. See: (1829 June 1, (I; 1473); and, 1829 June 1 to 5, (I; 1474).]


1829 April / Heavy rains and floods almost whole month in Spain. / BA 54. [I; 1454. Mallet, 203-205.]


1829 April / "Heavy rain fell almost the whole month through in Spain, producing great inundations." / BA 54-204. [I; 1455. Mallet, 205.]


1829 Ap. 2 / BO / Volc eruption near Hudson's River, N. S. Wales, reported. / Mag Nat Hist 6-301. [I; 1456. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 6 (July 1833): 289-308, at 301. "A Volcano has just been discovered in the vicinity of Hunter's River...." Australian, (Sydney), March 19, 1828, p. 2 c. 1. "The Volcano." Australian, (Sydney), July 30, 1828, p. 3 c. 3-4. "It does not appear as if an eruption had ever yet taken place—there is, as we have remarked, no appearance of lava; and the extent of the crater, though said to be daily enlarging, when Mr. M. left the spot, was not very considerable. It is evident that a vein of bitumen exists, to supply the subterranean fire." "A Volcano in Australia." Australian Quarterly Journal of Theology, Literature & Science, 1 (1828): 382-385. Mount Wingen, (near Hunter's River, not Hudson's), is now believed to be a seam of coal has been burning underground for thousands of years, (and, not a volcano).]  


1829 Ap. 10 / Leon, Spain / q., preceded by violent storm of rain and snow / BA 54. [I; 1457. Kieswetter noted: "should be 10th," (not "Ap. 2" in the original note). Mallet, 204.]


1829 Ap. 18 / q. / Murcia, Spain / LT, May 20-5-e. [I; 1458. "On the 18th instant another shock of an earthquake...." London Times, May 20, 1829, p. 5 c. 5.]


1829 Ap. 18 / Smaller q's on 16th and 17th. On 18th, almost equal to 21st. / BA 54. [I; 1459. Mallet, 204. In Spain.]


1829 Ap. 23 / In Baden / severe q / 9:30 p.m. / sound like thunder / severe snowstorm. [I; 1460. Mallet,  205.]


1829 Ap. 26 / Lght / [London Times], Ap 30/4/d. [I; 1461. "Afflicting Calamity." London Times, April 30, 1829, p. 4 c. 4. "During the time of divine service at Newark Church, last Friday, three or four vivid flashes of lightning, accompanied by thunder, spread consternation among the while of the congregation. The electric fluid had such an alarming effect on the Vicar, the Rev. William Thomas Wild, in the pulpit, as to deprive him almost instantaneously of sight, and he was unable to finish the service. Every possible assistance has since been rendered to him, but we are sorry to add, from the opinion of several medical gentlemen, not the slightest hope can be entertained of his eventual restoration to sight. The lightning was attracted by the ornamental iron work which is immediately over the pulpit where the rev. gentleman stood."]


[1830 Ap. 26 /]1829 May 7 / Lght / [London Times], May 7/6/d. [I; 1463. "Newark Church, Nottinghamshire." London Times, May 7, 1829, p. 6 c. 4.]


1829 May 5 / Q in Salonica and a mt. poured out reddish water. / BA 54. [I; 1462. Mallet, 205. Milne, 703.]


[1829 May 7. Wrong date. See: 1830 Ap. 26, (I; 1461).]


1829 May 8 / Forsyth, Ga / (F) / Farrington / Mems Nat. Acad. of Science, vol. 13. / 13—. [I; 1464. Fletcher, 100. This is the Forsyth meteorite. Farrington, Oliver Cummings. "Catalogue of the Meteorites of North America, to January 1, 1909. Memoirs of the National Academy of Science, 13 (1915): 1-513, at 199-200. Greg, 72.]


1829 May 8 / Stone of Forsyth, Ga. / bet. 3 and 4 p.m. / A. J. Sci 18-388 / Greatly resembles stone of May 9, 1827. [I; 1465. "Georgia Meteor and Ærolite." American Journal of Science, 18 (1830): 388-389. The Forsyth meteorite, like the Drake Creek meteorite, is also a chondrite. "On breaking the stone, it had a strong sulphureous smell, and exhibited a metallic substance resembling silver." "Very soon after the explosion, some black people heard a whizzing noise, and on looking saw a faint 'smoke' descend to the ground; at which time they heard the noise produced by the fall of the stone: they ran to the spot, for they saw where it fell, and discovered the hole it had made in the ground, being more than two feet in a hard clay soil: the negroes, and others who went early to the spot, say they perceived a sulphureous smell." "Domestic Items." Niles' Weekly Register, 36 (June 20, 1829): 270. "The Macon, (Geo.) Telegraph, gives an account of a meteoric stone, weighing thirty-six pounds, which fell in Monroe county on the 8th of May. Its fall was preceded by a noise heard at the distance of 25 or 30 miles. The sound was compared to the produced by a large cannon, quickly followed by a small one, and then by a great number of muskets."]


[1829 May 8 /]1829 May 28 / See 5th. / Monroe Co., Ga. / fall of stones / C.R. 3-51 / I think this is newspapers of 28th. [I; 1469. "Aérolithes." Comptes Rendus, 3 (1836): 50-51. The date of the meteorite's fall was on May 8, (not on "28 mai 1839," as reported in Comptes Rendus for the Macon Telegraph's publication date). The Forsyth meteorite was also known as the Monroe County meteorites.]


1829 May 21 to early in Dec / It. Sounds / (+) / See 1816. / at Albano Laziale / 41 detonations not accompanied by quake. [I; 1466. Cancani, Adolfo. "Rombi sismici." Bollettino della Società Sismologica Italiana, 7 (1901-1902): 23-47, at 38. Mallet, 206-207. See: 1816 Dec 16 - 25, (I; 581).]


1829 May 22 / [London Times, 4-c / Storm / Isle of Bourbon. [I; 1467. "Storm at the Isle of Bourbon." London Times, May 22, 1829, p. 4. c. 3.]


1829 May 22 / Graz, Austria / q preceded by uninterrupted rain for 8 days / BA 54-206. [I; 1468. Mallet, 206.]


[1829 May 28. Wrong date. See: 1829 May 8, (I; 1465).]


1829 May 30 / Eels / not said where / Niles Register of, copying from the Maine Patriot. / Said fell a few rods north of Capital Hill—presumably fell in capital of Maine. / A fall of living eels. "They were of various sizes, generally from a foot to a foot and a half in length." [I; 1470.1, 1470.2. "During a shower on Sunday morning...." Niles' Weekly Register, 36 (May 30, 1829): 222. "During a shower on Sunday morning, several eels fell to the earth a few rods north of Capital Hill, making impressions in the mud where they lighted, which very plainly indicated the great degree of momentum they had acquired in their descent. They were of various sizes, generally from a foot to a foot and a half in length, and when we saw them a few minutes after they had fallen, were as lively, and twisted themselves into as many different postures, as if they had just been taken from the water." (Maine Patriot, 1829). Maine Historical Society Library in Portland has incomplete set from January 7 to October 21, 1829, (original copies). LOC has microfilm of March 11 to 1830, incomplete.]


1829 June / Murcia / Series / qs / Jan., 1883. [I; 1471.]


1829 June / Huesca, Spain / spring of 1871 / Metite / qs of 1883, etc., here. [I; 1472.]


1829 June 1 / q in Spain / 7th, "violent storm of rain, producing inundations" / See Ap. 1. [I; 1473.]


1829 June 1 to 5 / 68 shocks in Valencia, Spain. "on the 7th, a violent storm producing inundations." / BA 54-206. [I; 1474. Mallet, 207.]


1829 / Murcia, Spain / mets there / Aug 18, 1870 / Nov 5, 1851 / Dec 24, 1858 / Catalonia / Huesca, Spain / spring of 1871. [I; 1475. See: 1851 Nov 5, (II; 1560); 1858 Dec. 24, (II; 2263).]


1829 June 7 / Violent fall of rain, producing floods / Valencia, Spain / BA 54. [I; 1476. Mallet, 207.]


1829 / See Murcia, Spain. / See July 8, 1811, near Murcia. [I; 1477. The reference is to the fall of the Berlanguillas meteorite. See: 1811 July 8, (I; 346).]


1829 June 10 to 15 / 24 more shocks / Valencia / one very severe / BA 54. [I; 1478. Mallet, 207.]


1829 May, June and July— / Remarkable th storms in many parts of Europe. / BA 54-208, 206. [I; 1479. Mallet, 206, 208. "The month of May was marked by storm and rains in many parts of Europe." "The storms, thunder and lightning, rain, and hail, of this month and the preceding were very remarkable in many parts of Europe."]


1829 June / Shocks in Murcia continued occasionally at least to Ap. 17, 1833. / BA 54. [I; 1480. Mallet, 202-205, 207-211, 220, 238. "In Murcia, especially at Torrevieja and Almoradi, earthquake shocks had not ceased to be occasionally felt since 1829."]


1829 June 15 / (+) / See preceding. / Ice / Spain / N / (D-176) / See July 24. [I; 1481. The note copies information from page 176 of The Book of the Damned. Flammarion, Camille. James Glaisher, ed. The Atmosphere. London: S. Low, Marston, Low, & Searle, 1873, 445. New York: Harper, 1874, 397. "On June 15, 1829, there was a hailstorm at Cazorta, in Spain, which crushed in houses; some of the blocks of ice weighed four and a half pounds."]


1829 June 15 / "On June 15, 1829 there was a hailstorm at Cazorta, Spain that crushed in houses; some of the blocks of ice weighed 4 1/2 lbs." / Flammarion, The Atmosphere, p. 445. [I; 1482. Flammarion, Camille. The Atmosphere. London: S. Low, Marston, Low, & Searle, 1873, 445.]


1829 June 25 / Treves / After a storm a moving column like a chimney in the sky, discharging smoke and fire. / Annales de Chimie, Dec., 1829 / Moved with sounds like those of great numbers of clattering stones. For 18 minutes it discharged fires, itself a great greyish mass, finally disappearing, leaving a strong odor of sulphur. [I; 1483.1, 1483.2. "Sur une trombe d'air remarquable, accompagnée d'um météore lumineux, qui a été observée, le 25 juin 1829, dans les environs de Trèves." Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2 v. 42 (1829): 420-425.]


1829 June 25 / dets of phe of Treves / An. de Chimie, 1829, p. 420, of one of the vols / P.P. 1495. [I; 1484. "Sur une trombe d'air remarquable, accompagnée d'um météore lumineux, qui a été observée, le 25 juin 1829, dans les environs de Trèves." Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2 v. 42 (1829): 420-425.]


1829 July 1 / q / rain / Hungary / Reddish clouds on horizon and an appearance like lightning. / q / heavy rain / preceded by some hail. BA '54-208. [I; 1485. Mallet, 208.]


[1829 July 1 /] 1829 Aug 15 / Hun / [London Times], 3-f / q / Hungary. [I; 1494. "Earthquake in Hungary." London Times, August 15, 1829, p. 3 c. 6. Dr. Franz, of Stainz, Austria, wrote: "On the 29th of June, about 11 o'clock, in the direction of Petnehaza, where I was upon business, a singular phenomenon presented itself. The whole firmament, the air being perfectly calm, was so enveloped in black clouds that the sharpest eye could not discover a star, and yet the horizon was illuminated as if by a northern light: there was at the same time a smell of sulphur. On the 30th, a picturesque beautiful morning gave promise of a brilliant day; but this did not last long, for soon after six o'clock gigantic clouds collected from every side, and immediately a heavy rain, like a waterspout, came thundering in torrents, and continued by intervals until four p.m. There were often drops of water as large as a hazel nut. During this violent rain a singular rumbling and rolling was heard in the air, from south-west to north-east; it resembled the bellowing of bulls at a distance. For three days together, from the 28th to the 30th, the dogs and cats were singularly disquieted; the first howled continually, and scraping up the earth, applied their ears anxiously to listen; they never remained at a hole they had scraped out, but went scraping up others. I slept in a room alone, with a house-dog; towards midnight he became uncommonly disturbed, and broke out frequently into a howl. About four I was suddenly awoke by a rough shaking of the arm by the dog; I heard a crash, and let him out of the room, but heard all the others howling in the court. This was the first shock, which several persons as well as I perceived...."]


1829 July 10 / Aurora? / Near Namur / Cor. to Mag of Nat Hist. 3-199 / 6 p.m. / Appearance like a rising sun. Upon a low bank of clouds—shafts of light divurging from a luminosity like the sun clouded over. [I; 1486. Clarke, William Branwhite. "A very unusual Appearance in the sky." Magazine of Natural History, 3 (March 1830): 199-200. Clarke was travelling between Quatre Bras and Namur, after six o'clock in the evening, and writes: "It is at Mazy where the range of hills at the back of the Meuse first bound the horizon; and it was at Mazy that we first saw the appearance in question. The sun was nearly behind us; but, in the direction of the Meuse, from which we were distant nearly 3¼ Brabant leagues (say 11 English miles), we distinctly saw rays of light, as of the sun, issuing from a low bank of clouds, which seemed to be stationary and to hang over the valley of the river, and piercing the intermediate clouds (as openings occurred in the course of their separation from each other), in long diverging lines stretching towards the meridian, so as to give the idea of a rising sun, and in the same manner as I have seen him rising in a cloudy morning over the same country. So strong was the resemblance to that of the sunbeams, that one might easily have imagined we were travelling directly contrary to our route."]


1829 July 20 / Fishes / Moradabad, India / Lin. Soc Trans. 16/764 / (D-84). ** [I; 1487. The note copies information from page 84 of The Book of the Damned. "Extracts from the Minute-Book of the Linnean Society of London." Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, 16 (1833): 764. July 20, 1829, is the date of the letter reporting the fall of fish at Moradabad.]


1829 July 24 / bet 10 and 11 p.m. / Murcia, Spain / Shocks, violent storm, and hail of unusual size. "Some of the hailstones weighed 10 or 12 ounces." / BA '54-208. [I; 1488. Mallet, 209. "...some of the hailstones weighing 10 or 12 oz...."]


1829 Aug / "The storms of July still continued in many parts of Europe. / BA 54-210. [I; 1489. Mallet, 210.]


1829 Aug 4 / Hungary / II / [Medium quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1490. Milne, 703.]


1829 Aug 7 / 3 a.m. / Colmar, etc. / q and sound like dist. thunder / BA 54. [I; 1491. Mallet, 209.]


1829 Aug. 14 / Gümbinnen / 3 fireballs / BA 60. [I; 1492. Kieswetter: "Should be vol. 60," (not "BA 54"). Greg, 72.]


1829 Aug 14 / (F) / Deal, N.J. / Meteorite / Farringtons list / Mems Nat Acad of Sciences, vol. 13. [I; 1493. Fletcher, 100. This is the Deal meteorite. Farrington, Oliver Cummings. "Catalogue of the Meteorites of North America, to January 1, 1909. Memoirs of the National Academy of Science, 13 (1915): 1-513, at 157-158. Greg, 72.]


[1829 Aug 15. Wrong date. See: 1829 July 1, (I; 1494).]


1829 Aug 26 / Parina / Met / [BA] '60. [I; 1495. Kieswetter: "Should be vol. 60," (not "BA 54"). The bolide is listed in Greg's catalog, ("60"), not Mallet's, ("54"). Greg, 72.]  


1829 Sept / (frgs) / Rouen, France / multitude of young frogs in a heavy th. storm / Arcana of Sci 1830-217. [I; 1496. "Shower of Frogs." Arcana of Science, 3 (1830): 217. "Shower of Frogs." Magazine of Natural History, 2 (April 1829): 103. "When at Rouen, in September last, we were assured by an English family resident there, that during a very heavy thunder shower, accompanied by violent wind, and almost midnight darkness, an innumerable multitude of young frogs fell on and around the house. The roof, the window-sills, and the gravel walks were covered with them."]


1829 Sept 6 / Cremona, Italy / I / [light quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1497. Milne, 703.]


1829 Sept 9 /Krasnoi-Ugol, Rjasan, Russia / Met-ite. / (F). [I; 1498. Fletcher, 100. This is the Krasnoi-Ugol meteorite.]


1829 Sept 9 / Räsan / Stonefall / ac to Kamtz / BA 67-416. [I; 1499. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1866-67." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1867, 288-430, at 416.]


1829 Sept 15 / Violent local whirlwind, all calm around it, at Gorschoff, Pskow, Russia. / Arc Sci 1830-246. [I; 1500. "An Air Spout." Arcana of Science, 3 (1830): 246.]


1829 Sept 18 / after 7 a.m. / 2 strong shocks at Calcutta / Arc. Sci '30-170. [I; 1501. "Earthquakes." Arcana of Science, 3 (1830): 170-171.]


1829 Sept 26 / Fireball, ac to Kamtz / stones, ac to Baumhauer / Dusseldorf / BA 60. [I; 1502. Greg, 72-73.]


1829 Sept 26 / Shocks and volc eruptions / 27, 28 and Oct 1 / Chile / Am. J. Sci 2-12-426. [I; 1503. "On the Great Earthquake experienced in Chile, April 2, 1851." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 12 (1851): 424-426, at 426.]


1829 Sept 26 / q / Chile / I [light] / BA 11. [I; 1504. Milne, 703.]


1829 Sept 24 / Murcia, Spain / q / "Storms and heavy rains continued to prevail in many parts of Europe during this month." / BA '54-210. [I; 1505. Mallet, 210.]


1829 Sept 29 / See F. / Krasnol-Ugol, Kasan Russia / Metite / BA, '60. [I; 1506. Fletcher, 100. This is the Krasnoi-Ugol meteorite. Fletcher gives the date of its fall as September 9. See: 1829 Sept 9, (I; 1498). Greg, 72.]


[1829 Sept 29. Wrong date. See: 1828 Sept 29, (I; 1507).]


1829 ab Oct 1 / Aubonne (Vaud), Switzerland / Brillliant det meteor "followed by gusts of wind and snow showers." Several shocks were felt. / BA 54. [I; 1508. Mallet, 210-211.]


1829 Oct. 17 / First attack on K. Hauser. [A; 91.]


1829 Oct 19 / Det met / Cape Town / BA 60/72. [I; 1509. Greg, 72.]


[1829 Oct 24 /] 1829 March / Spain / qs / also meteors and halos around sun and moon / BA 54—p. 211. [I; 1443. Kieswetter notes: "Should be Oct 24, Granada." Mallet, 211.]


1829 Oct 25 / Fog in London / on sun seen (N.E.) a large spot near the center / Mag of Nat Hist 5-396. [I; 1510. "Spot on the Sun." Magazine of Natural History, 5 (May 1832): 396. "N.E." means that it was seen with the "naked eye."]


1829 Nov. 11 / Volc / Bromo / Java / C.R. 70-878. [I; 1511. Backer, 880. The Bromo cone of the Tengger Caldera.]


1829 Nov 13 / See Nov. 19, 1830. / Prague / Met fell and burned surface of a field brick red. / BA 65/128. [I; 1512. Kieswetter: "See note on 13 Nov 1835." Kieswetter refers to the fiery meteor at Belley, France; see: 1835 Nov 13, (I: 2053, 2056 to 2060). Greg, 72-73. Hallaschka, Franz Ignaz Cassian. "Beobachtete Feuerkugal im Karolinenthal (Vorstadt Prag)." Astronomische Nachrichten, 8  (1829-1830): 107-110. Kämtz, Ludwig Friedrich. Lehrbuch der Meteorologie. Halle: In der Gebauerschen Buchhandlung, 1831-1836, v. 3, 297. Kämtz gives the date as November 19, 1828. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1864-65." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1865, 57-142, at 128. Hallaschka, in the first report, gives the date as November 13; later, Kämtz gives the date as November 19, which was copied by Baumhauer, on his tables, and also by Greg. Baumhauer, Eduard Hendrik von. "Ueber den muthmasslichen Ursprung der Meteorsteine, nebst einer Analyse des Meteorsteins, welcher am 2. Juni 1843 in der Provinz Utercht gefallen ist." Annalen der Physik und Chemie, s. 2 v. 66 (1845): 465-503. See: 1829 Nov 13, (I; 1577).]


[1829 Nov 13 /] 1829 Nov 19 / Metite / stones / ac to BA '60. [I; 1514. Greg, 72-73. Greg gives this date for Prague.]


[1829 Nov 13 /] 1830 Nov 19 / See Nov. 13, 1829. / Prague / little red stones? / BA '60. [I; 1577. Greg, 72. See: 1829 Nov 13, (I; 1512).]


1829 Nov 18, 19 / 2 great q's / China / BA '11. [I; 1513. Milne, 703.]


[1829 Nov 19. Wrong date. See: 1829 Nov 13, (I; 1514).]


1829 Nov. 19 / Great q / China. [I; 1515. Milne, 703.]  


1829 Nov. 23 / Bucharest / q and "strong atmospheric perturbations". / BA 54. [I; 1516. Mallet, 212.]


1829 Nov. 24 / China / III / Nov 24 / III / [Heavy quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1517. Milne, 704.]


1829 Nov. 24 / S.W. Russia and Roumania / III / [Heavy quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1518. Milne, 704.]


1829 Nov 26 / ab 4 a.m./ from Transylvania to Kieff, Russia / violent q—in Moldavia, shocks followed by a heavy fall of snow / BA 54. [I; 1519. Mallet, 212-214.]


1829 Nov 27 / Mondavio and Todi, Italy / q preceded by violent gust of wind / BA 54. [I; 1520. Mallet, 215.]


1829 Nov. 27 / La Rochelle / Rochefort (Char-Inf.) / q—explosion seemed high in air. / B As. '54 / 4:05 p.m.—shock again at 5. [I; 1521. Mallet, 213-215. Both the shocks of November 27 occurred about 4:05 P.M., within seconds of one another, (not "again at 5"); however, another "rather severe shock" struck La Rochelle on December 6th, at 5 A.M.]


1829 Nov 29 / 4:05 p.m. / La Rochelle / Sound appeared to be high in the air and was thought the explosion of a meteor, by many persons. / An. de Chimie, Dec., 1829. [I; 1522. "Tremblemens de terre." Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2 v. 42 (1829): 347-351, at 350-351.]


1829 Nov 30 / Siberia / I / [Light quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1523. Milne, 704.]


1829 Dec 22 / after 1825 // Phe continuing at Belley, dept. of the Ain. / for instance, Dec. 22, 1829, several / and Jan 5, 1838. [I; 1524. Mallet, 216. Mallet notes shocks on December 22 and 29, at Belley. "Tremblemens de terre." Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2 v. 42 (1829): 347-351, at 351. Annales de Chimie notes the strong shock on the night of December 22.]


1830:


1830 / Fishes / herring / Islay, Scotland / Eng Mec. 108/118. [I; 1525. "Showers of Fishes and Other Things." English Mechanic, 108 (no. 2793; October 4, 1918): 118-119. "Showers of Fishes and Other Things." Scotsman, September 21, 1918, p. 4 c. 8. (Possibly: 1830 March 9???)]


1830 and for 18 months / House near Chesterfield, occupied by a Mr. J. Ashwell / Bell ringing / See Major Edward Moor's "Bealing's Bells." [A; 92. Moor, Edward. Bealings Bells. Woodbridge, England: John Loder, 1841, 54. "The house was large, and old; and, with some, had the reputation of being 'haunted.' I forget the date of the occurrences; but believe ten or twelve years ago—say 1830—his ringings, from first to last, continued about eighteen months. They differed from mine, among others, in this particular :—that, instead of ringing in peals (of four or five) by sudden starts and instant quietude, his rang continually; many seconds, with violent oscillations and clatter. Insomuch, that while one was in such violent vibration, he would seize it between his hands, and compel cessation. But, on being liberated, it would resume its vibration and ringing."]


1830 Jan 10—etc. / Immense group of sunspots / E. limb of sun / On 17th, 3 groups and one isolated spot. / An. de Chimie 1830-392. [I; 1526. "Taches solaires en 1830." Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2 v. 45 (1830): 392-395.]


1830 Jan 18 / Philippines / III  / [Heavy quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1527. Milne, 704.]


1830 Feb 8 / q and fog / Agram, Hungary / 10:40 a.m. / BA 54 / Ab an hour later "the heavens became obscurred by clouds as before, and a thick fog of a disagreeable smell prevailed for 3 hours. [I; 1528. Mallet, 217.]


1830 Feb 8 / q—fog / Agram / "A fog, having a very bad smell, spread itself abroad, and lasted for three hours." / BA '50/75. [I; 1529. Mallet, Robert. "First Report on the Facts of Earthquake Phenomena." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1850, 1-89, at 75.]


1830 Feb 9 / [London Times], 3-a / q. /Valparaiso. [I; 1530. "Extract from a letter...." London Times, February 9, 1830, p. 3 c. 1. "Extract from a letter dated Valparaiso, 8th October:—'On the 26th ult. we had a severe shock of an earthquake, which in force was little short of that of 1822, but only of about one-eighth in duration. The injury done to the buildings is considerable, but by no means equal to the former occasion, very few houses having fallen, though, more or less, all are shook. It occurred in this place at three minutes after 2 p.m."]


[1830 Feb. 11. Wrong date. See: 1850 Feb 11, (I; 1531).]


1830 Feb. 15 / (+) / Launton, Bicester, Oxfordshire / Metite / (F) / (Nature 94/258). [I; 1532. Fletcher, 100. This is the Launton meteorite. Greg, 72-73. Denning, William Frederick. "A Meteoritic Fall in Lancashire." Nature, 94, (November 5, 1914): 258-259.]


1830 Feb. 15 / Birmingham / Met = Moon / N.E. to S.W. / ab. 7:30 p.m. / BA 60. [I; 1533. Kieswetter: "Should be vol 60," (not "BA 54"). The fireball is listed in Greg's catalog, ("60"), not Mallet's, ("54"). Greg, 72. Lowe, 136.]


1830 Feb 19 / Fish—"mut" / India / 38 / (D-84, 85). [I; 1534. The note copies information from pages 84 and 85 of The Book of the Damned. Prinsep, James. "Fall of fishes from the atmosphere in India." American Journal of Science, 32 (1837): 199-200. "A large number were collected by several witnesses; some were found desitute of a head, and had commenced to putrefy; others were entire and fresh, but no one dared to eat them." Prinsep, James. "Fall of fish from the sky" Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Bengal, 2 (1833): 650-652. "The shower of fish took place on the 19th February, 1830, in the neighbourhood of the Surbundy factory, Feridpoor." Prinsep, James. "Chute de Poissions de l'Atmosphère dans l'Inde." Bibliothèque Universelle des Sciences, Belles-Lettres, et Arts, Sciences et Arts, n.s., 2 (March 1836): 159. Buist, George. "Showers of fish." Living Age, 52 (1857): 186. "They were seen at first in the sky like a flock of birds descending rapidly to the ground. There was rain drizzling at the time, but no storm."]


1830 March / Maury Co., Tenn. / Tornado / Finley's Rept. [I; 1535. Finley, 3.]


[1830. Wrong date. See: 1830 March 9, (I; 1536).]


1830 March 7 / —3 h / Venus / Inf. conjunction / (Al). [Il 1537.]


1830 Mar. 9 / Fish / island of Ula / Argyleshire / Penny Mag. 12/127. ** [I; 1538. "On Preternatural Rains." Penny Magazine, 12 (1843): 127-128. "Shower of Young Herrings." London Morning Chronicle, April 5, 1830, p. 3 c. 4. "On the 9th of March, 1830, the inhabitants of the island of Ula, in Argyleshire, after a day of very hard rain, were surprised to find numbers of small herrings strewed over the fields, perfectly fresh, and some of them exhibiting signs of life. Similar instances of showers of small fish are well authenticated. The solution long since agreed on by the learned is, that they have been taken from the surface of the sea, where they happened at the time to be swarming, by a water-spout, and carried over the land, where, on the breaking of the column, they descended in what the writer calls 'the down pour of rain.'"]


[1830 March 9 /] 1830 / Near (Dunkeld), Perthshire / (?) / (D-84) / fish / Liv Age 52/186. **  [I; 1536. The note copies information from page 84 of The Book of the Damned. Buist, George. "Showers of fish." Living Age, 52 (1857): 186. "About 1830, fish fell near Dunkeld in Perthshire...."]


1830 March 9 / Caucasia / III / [Heavy quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1539. Milne, 704.]


1830 March 13 to May / Submarine explosions near Iceland / Smithsonian Inst. Rept 1885-510. [I; 1540. "Volcanic Eruptions and Earthquakes in Iceland within Historic Times." Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian, 1885, 495-541, at 510.]


1830 Ap. 1 / [London Times], 4-b / Met / London. [I: 1541. "To the Editor of the Times." London Times, April 1, 1830, p. 4 c. 2.]


1830 Ap. 6 / Vesuvius active. / BA '54. [I; 1542. Mallet, 218.]


1830 Ap. 12 and 23 / Guatemala / III each time / [Heavy quake / Ba 1911]. [I; 1543. Milne, 704.]


1830 Ap. 14 / Violent q / St Domingo, W. Indies / BA 54. [I; 1544. Mallet, 218. Milne, 704.]


1830 Ap/ 27 / also Etna / Vesuvius / great eruption / Mag Nat Hist 6-301 and 302. [I; 1545. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 6 (July 1833): 289-308, at 301-303. "May 16th, Etna in eruption...."]


1830 May 9 / Persia / I / [Light quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1546. Milne, 704.]


1830 May 12 - 22 / China / II / [Medium quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1547. Milne, 704.]


1830 May 15 / Dust / Malta / and at Sardinia / A. J. Sci 2/11/373. [I; 1548. Ehrenberg, Christian Gottfried. "On the Infusoria and other Microscopic forms in Dust-showers and Blood-rain." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 11 (1851): 372-389, at 373.]


1830 May 16 / volc and dust cloud / Great eruption of Etna—fall of red dust. Yet a writer in Mag of Nat Hist 1833-298 says that the dust was of cause attrib to the eruption, but that inasmuch as the principal depositions were south of Etna. the substance was brought from somewhere else—He thinks from the Sahara. [I; 1549.1, 1549.2. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 6 (July 1833): 289-308, at 298.]


1830 May 16 / at Siena / An organic material collected from leaves of trees in the Botanical Garden of Siena. Thought to have fallen from the sky. Said to be vegetable matter. [I; 1550.]


1830 May 16 / Siena / Organic matter. [I; 1551.]


1830 May 16 / Etna—ashes to Calabria / 8 villages destroyed / Gent's Mag 100/1/551, 639. [I; 1552. "Foreign News." Gentleman's Magazine, 100 pt. 1 (June 1830): 551. "Foreign News." Gentleman's Magazine, 100 pt. 1 (1830): 638-639, at 639.]


1830 May 17 / (F) / fell in th. storm / Trans. Perthshire Soc Met. Sci 7/pt. 2 / City of Perth. [I; 1553. Fletcher, 100. This is the Perth meteorite. Maskelyne, Nevil Story, and, Lang, Viktor von. "Mineralogical Notes." London, Edinburgh and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, s. 4 v. 25 (January & June, 1863): 39-58, 432-453, at 437, cv. "Perth." "The note in Dr. Thomson's writing is as follows:—'Part of a meteorolite that fell on the North Inch of Perth during a thunderstorm on the 17th of May, 1830, at half-past 12 o'clock noon. The mass of which this is a portion was about 7 inches in diameter.'" (Transactions and Proceedings of the Perthshire Society of Natural Science, 7 (1918-1929???): pt. 2; possibly pp. 81-90??? Limited view search results.)]


1830 May 12 / May 12 - 22 // q's in China / II [Medium] / BA '11. [I; 1554. Milne, 704.]


1830 May 20 / Etna / An Reg '30-79 / Ashes as far as Rome. [I; 1555. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 71 (1829): pt. 2, 1-191, at 79, cv. "Eruption of Etna."]


1830 May 31 / evening / Charlotte, Tenn. / Tornado / Finley's Rept. [I; 1556. Finley, 3.]


1830 June 1 / China / III / [Heavy quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1557. Milne, 704.]


1830 June / near Greisau, Silesia / Yellowish brown corpuscles, some cylindrical, some round. / Symons Met 21/146 / La Belg. Horticole 2/319. [I; 1558. Wallis, Herbert Sowerby. "Remarkable Showers." Symons's Meteorological Magazine, 21 (November 1886): 144-147, at 146. "Accurate researches have shown that these grains were tubercles of the ficaire (ranunculus ficaria L.), a plant very common in Silesia." Morren, Charles François Antoine. "Les Pluies de Grains et Les Fleurs du Ciel." La Belgique Horticole, 2 (1852): 319-325, at 320.]


1830 June 9 / Waterspout / Lake of Neufchatel / Jour. Roy Inst Gt. Britain 1-200 / 9 a.m. [I; 1559. "Waterspout on the Lake of Neufchatel." Journal of the Royal Institution of Great Britain, 1 (1830-1831): 200-201. "Trombe sur le lac de Neuchatel." Bibliothèque Universelle des Sciences, Belles-Lettres, et Arts, Sciences et Arts, 44 (1830): 218-219. Lake Neuchâtel, Switzerland.]


1830 June 9 / q and thunder and hail / 12 towns in province of Honan in China overthrown or engulfed in chasms—6,000 perished. / Ponton, Earthquakes, p. 102. [I; 1560. Ponton, Mungo. Earthquakes and Volcanoes. London: T. Nelson, 1868, 63. Revised ed. London: T. Nelson, 1870, 58.]


1830 June 12, 16, and July 29 / China / III / [Heavy quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1561. Milne, 704.]


1830 June 25 / (Ch) —28 // thing like a moon / Gloucester / B. Assoc., '52-181. [I; 1562. Powell, Baden. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1851-52." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1852, Reports on the State of Science, 178-239, at 181. Lowe, 136.]


1830 June 25 (?) / (Ch) / Herefordshire / luminous thing / "size of a garden" / Brit. Assoc 1852/181. [I; 1563. Powell, Baden. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1851-52." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1852, Reports on the State of Science, 178-239, at 181.]


1830 June 25 / Caucasia / II / [Medium quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1564. Milne, 704.]


1830 June 26 / Austria / I / [Light quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1565. Milne, 704.]


1830 June 26 and 27 / q and above—stat. / China / "Some days before the earthquake, burning vapours filled the atmosphere,. dull explosions were heard in the air, long bands of fire appeared on the horizon." Then the q. 12 towns were "swallowed up or more or less injured." Supposed that at Canton 6,000 or 7,000 persons perished. / B Assoc 1854-219. [I; 1566.1, 1566.2. Mallet, 219-220.]


1830 July 1 / Hungary / I / [Light quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1567. Milne, 704.]


1830 July 26 / Torrents of water in a th. storm at Malta. Most unusual for time of year. Mag Nat Hist 6-302. [I; 1568. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...."  Magazine of Natural History, 6 (July 1833): 289-308, at 302.]


1830 July 29 / Quick flood / Conn. / See Fassig 1-282. [I; 1569. Fassig, Oliver Lanard, ed. Bibliography of Meteorology. Part II: Moisture. Washington: Signal Office, 1889, 282. Eldridge, Lemuel B. The Torrent. Middleburg: 1831.]


1830 Aug 9 / Shower ice / Staffordshire / Edin, Journ Sci 9/354. [I; 1570. "Shower of Ice in Staffordshire." Edinburgh Journal of Science, 9 (1828): 354.]


1830 Aug 19 / Kioto, Japan / III / [Heavy quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1571. Milne, 704.]


1830 Aug 29 / Spots seen, in Algiers, on sun, almost across disc in a line. Sept 1, had collected in 2 groups. / Athenauem 1833/405. [I; 1572. "Spots upon the Sun's Disk." Athenæum, 1833 (no. 295; June 22): 405. Rozet, Claude Antoine. Voyage dans la Régence d'Alger. Paris: A. Bertrand, 1833, v. 3, 158-159.]


1830 Aug 30 / Fall of fine sand at Tripoli / Galigani's Messenger, May 25, 1870 / It was as hot as if it had come from a furnace. [I; 1573. (Galigani's Messenger, May 25, 1870).]


1830 last of Aug / near Avallon (Yonne) / frgs / (L'Institut 2-386). [I; 1574. "Pluies de crapauds." L'Institut, journal universel des sciences et des sociétés savantes en France et à l'étranger, 2 (no. 81; November 26, 1833): 386. "M. Berfrield, étudiant en médecine, écrit pour apprendre que lui aussi a été témoin d'une pluie de crapauds." "Vers la fin d'août 1830, dit-il dans sa lettre, j'étais près d'Avallon (Yonne), je fus surpris vers 4 heures du soir, dans une journée étouffante, par un violent orage. La pluie tombant à larges gouttes me força bientôt à m'abriter dans une hutte de plâtre. Après une ondée de 5 à 6 minutes, je me disposais à continuer ma route lorsque après quelque pas je me vis forcé d'y rentrer par une nouvelle averse; mais quelle fut ma surprise lorsque mettant le nez au vent pour reconnaître la direction des nuages, je reçus sur la figure 5 à 6 petits corps qui me semblèrent tout autre chose que des gouttes de pluie; et quand jetant les yeux à terre je vis sauter autour de moi une multitude de petits crapauds de la grosseur d'une forte noisette.... Quelques minutes après, lorsque je repris ma route, je vis la terre couverte de ces reptiles sur une étendue d'environ ¼ d'heure de marche.... Une odeur fétide de boue et de marécage était répandue dans l'atmosphère...."]


1830 Sep 19 / Op. Mars / Mem. R. A. S. 6/223. [I; 1575. Slavinski, Piotr. "Observations of the Planet Uranus in 1829 and 1830; and of Mars, Jupiter, and Vesta, in 1830; made at the Observatory, Wilna." Memoirs of the Royal Astronomical Society, 6 (1833): 221-227, at 223.]


1830 up to Sept 25 / Noted in Scotland / Auroras / Before and after, nearest were May 5 and Oct 5. / Sept. 7, 10, 12, 13, 17, 19, 20, 21 - 25 / Annales de Chimie, Dec., 1830. [I; 1576. "Aurores boréales."Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2 v. 45 (1830): 403-415, at 411-413.]


[1830 Nov 19. Wrong date. See: 1829 Nov 13, (I; 1577).]


1830 Dec 4 / Russia and Taman Peninsula / I / [Light quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1578. Milne, 704.]


1830 Dec 14 / Insects / Orenburg, Russia. (D-92). **  [I; 1579. The note copies information from page 92 of The Book of the Damned. "Showers of flies. Singular appearance of the Moon." American Journal of Science, 22 (1832): 375-376. "Russie." Revue Encyclopédique, 50 (May, 1831): 397-398.]


1830 Dec. 14 / Warsaw / F. ball / BA 60. [I; 1580. Greg, 72.]

                                                                  

1830 Dec. 31 / q. / India / Chittagong / I [Light] / BA '11. [I; 1581. Milne, 704.]

 
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