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Last updated: January 24, 2017.

Charles Hoy Fort's Notes


1836 to 1840


1836:


1836 Jan 3 / Very violent q in Philippines. Several volcs were active. / BA 54. [I; 2074. Mallet, 258.]


1836 Jan. 5 / Philippines / I / [Light quake / BA 1911]. [I; 2075. Milne, 705.]


1836 Jan 12 / 6:30 p.m. / Large meteor at Cherbourg. Detonations heard at Coutances., / BA 60. [I; 2076. Greg, 76-77.]


1836 Jan 12 / Detonating wheel-like meteor / See Feb 12. / Cherbourg, France. [I; 2077. See: 1836 Feb 12, (I; 2085).]


1836 Jan. 24 / India / Chandernagore / Sook-Sagur / also Kabul / I / q [Light] / BA 11. [I; 2078. Milne, 705.]


[1836 Jan 28 /] 1836 Nov / Jour of Asiatic Soc of Bengal of [Nov] / See May 19, 1806—vessel at 1° 35 S and 20° 45 W of Greenwich (23° SW of Paris) heard loud sound and felt shock. In a succeeding voyage, met at  0° 35' S and 15° 50' W of  Greenwich, sea violently agitated and volcanic cinders of ashes floating. [I; 2142.1, 2142.2. See: 1806 May 19, (I; 182). "Proceedings of the Asiatic Society." Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 5 (1836): 753-759, at 758. Daussy, Pierre. "Note sur l'existence probable d'un volcan sous-marin situé par environ 0°20' de latitude sud, et 22° de longitude ouest." Comptes Rendus, 6 (April 16, 1838): 512-516, at 515-516. Mallet, 258. Mallet, Robert. "Fourth Report upon the Facts and Theory of Earthquake Phenomena." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1858, 1-136, at 22. Volcano Number 385030 of the Global Volcanism Program.]


1836 Jan 28 / 9 p.m. / See May 19, 1806. / vessel at 0º 40' S and 22° 30' W / violent shock to a vessel. [I; 2079. See: 1806 May 19, (I; 182). The ship was the Philantrope de Bordeaux. Mallet, Robert. "Fourth Report upon the Facts and Theory of Earthquake Phenomena." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1858, 1-136, at 22.]


1836 Jan 31 / Stone fell near  men who had been shooting. / near Corrèze, France / Phipson—Meteors, p. 47 / CR 58/226. [I; 2080. Daubrée, Gabriel-Auguste. "Note sur deux aérolithes, l'un tombé à Vouillé (Vienne), le 13 mai 1831, et offert au Muséum d'Histoire naturelle par la ville de Poitiers; l'autre tombé à Mascombes, départment de la Correze, le 31 Janvier 1836, et dont la chute était restée sans publicité." Comptes Rendus, 58 (1864): 226-230, at 229-230. Phipson, Thomas Lamb. Meteors, Aerolites, and Falling Stars. London: L. Reeve, 1867, 47-48.]


1836 Jan 31 / (Fr) / Mascombes, France / stone and 2 dets / BA 67/416. [I; 2081. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1866-67." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1867, 288-430, at 416.]


1836 Jan 31 / 1 p.m. / Metite / Mascombes. / Particulars / "Preceded by Detonations" / La Sci Pour Tous 9-93. [I; 2082. Daubrée, Gabriel-Auguste. "Note sur deux aérolithes." La Science Pour Tous, 9 (no. 12; February 18, 1864): 93. See: 1836 Jan 31, (I; 2080).]


1836 Feb 8 / (It) / Rivoli, Piedmont / det met / BA '60 / 7 a.m. [I; 2083. Greg, 76.]


1836 Feb. 9 / (Hun) / 5 p.m. / Hungary / q and sounds and atmospheric disturbances / BA 54. [I; 2084. Mallet, 259.]


1836 Feb 12 (?) / Cherbourg / 6:27 a.m. / Det met and strong sulphurous odor / C.R. 2-154. [I; 2085. "Sur un bolide observé près de Cherbourg." Comptes Rendus, 2 (1836): 153-154.]


1836 Feb 18 / moon / Ac to Gruithuisen, in western crater of Messier, where there are two remarkable straight lines of light, dark band between them covered with luminous points. / Sc Am Sup—7-2696. [I; 2086. Flammarion, Camille. "Is the Moon Inhabited?" Scientific American Supplement, 7 (nos. 169 and 170; March 29, and, April 5, 1879): 2696, 2711-2712, at 2696. "On the 18th of February, 1826, a strange fact made itself manifest in the luminous train; the dark band which traversed its center was intermingled with luminous points, 'and I believe,' writes he, 'that I observed that they did not remain always in the same position.' At times a veil or mist appeared to extend over these objects, while that under other circumstance, where they ought to have been less visible on account of the effect of the solar light, they were more so."]


1836 Feb 23 / Feb. 26 // Shocks / Parma, Italy / BA 54. [I; 2087. Mallet, 259.]


1836 Feb 24 / (It)—(q—met) / Great q / Rossano and Croscia, Calabria, in ruins. Rise and fall of sea. / A meteor seen / Ponton, Earthquakes, p. 108. [I; 2088. Ponton, Mungo. Earthquakes and Volcanoes. London: T. Nelson, 1868, 67-68. Revised ed. London: T. Nelson, 1870, 62.]


[1836, about April /] 1826 March / Fall of dust ab 600 miles w. of Cape Verde / Nautical Magazine 6-291. [I; 1240. Burnett, John. "Phenomena at Sea." Nautical Magazine, 6 (1837): 291-292. "I observed the same phenomenon last year in nearly the same situation, but not to the same extent, and nearly two months later."]


1836 Ap. 2 / Pribyloff Islands, Alaska / Destructive q / BA 1911-42. [I; 2090. Milne, 705.]


1836 April [4], Easter Monday / Shropshire / (8 o'clock) / q / like an explosion / LT, Ap. 14-5-e. [I; 2089. "A smart shock...." London Times, April 14, 1836, p. 5 c. 5.]


1836 Ap. 22 / Sulphur / Prussia / Phipson, Earth's Atmosphere—p. 42. [I; 2091. Phipson, Thomas Lamb. Researches On the Past and Present History of the Earth's Atmosphere: Including the Latest Discoveries and Their Practical Applications. London: C. Griffin, 1901, 41-42. Dulk, Friedrich Philipp. "Nachricht über Schwefelregen." Archiv der Pharmazie, 69 (1839): 80-86.]


1836 Ap. 22 / Aurora at Sea / C.R. 3/519. [I; 2092. "Observations faites pendant une traversée de Dieppe à Terre-Neuve." Comptes Rendus, 3 (1836): 519-520.]


1836 April 24 / (It) / (Cut) / "A terribly destructive earthquake" / Calabria / In the sky were phe that looked like "great beams on fire". / BA 54/259. [I; 2093. Mallet, 259.]


1836 Ap. 24 / Cosenza, Italy / III / [Heavy quake / BA 1911]. [I; 2094. Milne, 705.]


1836 Ap 24-25 / (It) / Calabria / phe and q / See 1805. [I; 2095. (Galli, Ignazio. "Raccolta e classificazione di fenomeni luminosi osservati nei terremoti." Bollettino della Società Sismologica Italiana, 14 (1910): 221-448, at 354.) See: 1805 July 26, (I; 146).]


1836 Ap. 24 / night / At moment of great q in Calabria, a meteor appeared along the shore of Calopezzali. C.R., 17-621. [I; 2096. Perrey, Alexis. "Nouvelles recherches sur les tremblements de terre ressentis en Europe et dans les parties adjacentes de l'Afrique et de l'Asie, de 1801 à juin 1843." Comptes Rendus, 17 (1843): 608-625 at 621.]


1836 Ap. 24 / Calabria and Naples / shock and meteor / The next day Vesuvius sent out thick smoke. / BA 54. [I; 2097. Mallet, 259.]


1836 Ap. 24 / Rossano, Calabria / large fireball / "like a wooden beam on fire" / BA 60. [I; 2098. Greg, 76.]


1836 April / Great dry fog in South Australia / Chem News 88-43 'The phenomenon excited a good deal of apprehension in the minds of the settlers." [I; 2099. Liversidge, Archibald. "Meteoric Dusts, New South Wales." Chemical News and Journal of Industrial Science, 88 (July, 10, 17. 24, and 31, 1903): 16-18, 32-34, 41-45, 55-58; at 43-44.]


1836 Ap. 24 / (It) / Rassano, etc. (Cosenza) / great q / [BA] '11. [I; 2100. Milne, 705.]


1836 May 3 - 4 / Calabria, Italy / I / [Light quake / BA 1911]. [I; 2101. Milne, 705.]


1836 May 8 / Toronto / A / A.J.S. 32/393+. [I; 2102. Bonnycastle, Richard Henry. "Auroral Appearance." American Journal of Science, 32 (1837): 393-395, (with an illustration).]


1836 May 10 / Pollen in valley of the Aspe (Basse-Pyrénées) / C.R. 2-516. [I; 2103. "M. Hufty de la Jonquière ecrit...." Comptes Rendus, 2 (1836): 516.]


1836 May 13 / (Fr) / 5 a.m. / Angers, Nantes, etc. west of F. / sounds and q / BA 54. [I; 2104. Mallet, 260.]


1836 May 15 / Konigsberg / (N) / lights on moon during eclipse of sun / Loomis, Treatise on Astronomy, p. 174. [I; 2105. Loomis, Elias. A Treatise on Astronomy. New York: Harper, 1866, 174-175. "During the eclipse of May 15, 1836, about 25 seconds before the middle of the eclipse, Professor Bessel, with the Königsberg heliometer, observed a faint point of light near the edge of the moon's limb. The point became brighter, and other similar points appeared beside it, which soon united, and in this manner rendered visible the whole of the moon's border between the extremities of the sun's cusps."]


1836 May 15 / Ac to Poey / C.R. 56/88 / Havana / luminous things moving away from sun to considerable distance and then retracing. Others moved with no commoness of direction. Some size of 7th mag. star. Others scarcely detectable. [I; 2106.1, 2106.2. Poey, Andrés. "Sur le passage d'une quantité considerable de globules lumineux observés à la Havane durant l'éclipse solaire du 15 mai 1836." Comptes Rendus, 56 (1863): 88-90.]


1836 May 15 / Augs. / Havana / eclipse of sun / (N) / C.R. 56/88 / D-210. [I; 2107. The note copies information from page 210 of The Book of the Damned. Poey, A. "Sur le passage d'une quantité considerable de globules lumineux observés à la Havane durant l'éclipse solaire du 15 mai 1836." Comptes Rendus, 56 (1863): 88-90. Léotard, Jacques. "Meme sujet." Astronomie, 5 (1886): 391-392.]


1836 June 3 / Red Hook, N.Y. / Tornado / Finley's Rept. [I; 2108. Finley, 3.]


1836 June 10 / Sury (Loire) / Fireball / S. to N. / BA 60. [I; 2109. Greg, 76.]


1836 June 12 / Venetia, Italy / II [Medium quake / BA 1911]. [I; 2110. Milne, 705.]


1836 June 23 / [London Times], 6-f / Sun Spots. [I; 2111. "Spots on the Sun." London Times, June 23, 1836, p. 6 c. 6. "Never have so many of these spots been observed as during the present year between  February and the end of May. Up to the 22d of April M. Menard had counted 10, and up to the 19th of May[,] 13...."]


1836 June 28 / 8 - 9 a.m. / Heavy fall of snow in Sydney, N.S.W. Unprecedented. / Symons' 12-170. [I; 2112. "Reviews." Symons's Meteorological Magazine, 12 (November 1877): 166-170 , at 170, c.v. "Climate of New South Wales." Russell, Henry Chamberlaine. Climate of New South Wales: Descriptive, Historical, and Tabular. Sydney: Charles Potter, 1877, 22.]


1836 July 8 / New England / Dark Day / Sc Am 112-229. [I; 2113. Talman, Charles Fitzhugh. "Dark Days and Forest Fires." Scientific American, n.s., 112 (March 6, 1915): 229.]


1836 July 8 / Basilicata, Italy / I / [Light quake / BA 1911]. [I; 2114. Milne, 705.]


1836 July 15 / evening / Providence R.I.—sound like thunder and q. / Niles Register, July 30, 1836. [I; 2115. "Earthquake." Niles' Weekly Register, 50 (July 30, 1836): 364.]


1836 July 20 / [London Times], 5-d / Ext occurrence. [A; 119. "Extraordinary Occurrence." London Times, July 20, 1836, p. 5 c. 4.  An unexplained and violent attack upon Pierre Napoleon and Antoine Lucien, (two of the sons of Lucien Bonaparte, the Prince of Canino), by the Carabineers of Pope Gregory XVI resulted in Pierre Napoleon's arrest amd Antoine Lucien's escape.]


1836 July 20 / [L.T.], 6-f / Strange discovery. [A; 120. "Strange Discovery." London Times, July 20, 1836, p. 6 c. 6. The discovery of seventeen miniature coffins and figurines, at Arthur's Seat, is reported.]


1836 July 25 / Inf conjunction / Venus-Sun / (Al). [I; 2116.]


1836 July(?) 28 / Norwich, Conn / obj like a mosaic of stones in tar. / See under Objs. [I; 2117.]


1836 Aug / A / dets / Am J. Sci 32/220. [I; 2118. Twining, Alexander C. "Observations upon certain Auroral and Optical Phenomena." American Journal of Science, 32 (1837): 217-229, at 220-224.]


1836 Aug 8 / successional / Smyrna. / B.A. '54 / midnight—qs / At 10 p.m., a met had been seen. [I; 2119. Mallet, 261.]


1836 Aug / Pribyloff Islands, Alaska / III / [Great quake / BA 1911]. [I; 2120. Milne, 705.]


1836 Aug / Perseids / A. J. Sci 37-335. [I; 2121. Herrick, Edward Claudius. "Report on the Shooting Stars of August 9th and 10th, 1839, with other facts relating to the frequent occurrence of a meteoric display in August." American Journal of Science, 37 (1839): 325-338. at 336.]


1836 Aug 11 / Aurora / B Assoc 1836/32. [I; 2122. Traill, Thomas Stewart. "On the Aurora Borealis of 11th August, 1836." " Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1836, Notices and Abstracts, 32-33.]


1836 Aug 15 / Albi, France / frogs / C. Rendus 3/435 /// A 45 [stamped]. [I; 2123. "M. Cantié...." Comptes Rendus, 3 (1836): 435. "M. Cantié, imprimeur à Albi, écrit que le 15 août dernier, il a vu tomber, pendant une pluie d'orages, de petits batraciens."]


1836 Aug 20 / Large met / detonating / Illinois / 4 p.m. / in sunshine / BA 60. [I; 2124. Greg, 76.]


1836 Aug 20 / Meteors in Illinois in daytime / A. J. Sci 33/402 / BA '60-76. [I; 2125. Gaylord, R. "Brilliant Meteor seen in the day time." American Journal of Science, 33 (1837-1838): 402. Greg, 76.]


1836 Aug 30 / Oaxaca / q. / See June 5, 1897. / BA '11. [I; 2126. Milne, 705.]


1836 Sept 7 / Spon Comb / Paris / L.T., Ap 10-3-f, 1837. [A; 121. "Spontaneous Combustion." London Times, April 10, 1837, p. 3. c. 6. Joly. "Remarkable Case of Spontaneous Combustion." London Medical Gazette, 20 (April 8, 1837): 63-64. Joly. "Combustion Humaine dite Spontanée." Journal des Connaissances Médico-Chirurgicales, 4 no. 4 (October, 1836): 149-150.]


1836 Sept. 14 / (Fr) / (See Aug, '35.) / Aubres, Drôme, France / Metite / (F). [I; 2127. Fletcher, 100. This is the Aubres meteorite. See: 1835 Aug 30, (I; 2030).]


1836 Sept 18 / Florence / 10 a.m. / Fireball / "A doubtful substance found?" / BA 60. [I; 2128. Greg, 76.]


1836 Sept 24 / near Macclesfield, Eng / Swarm of minute insects est. upon 50 sq miles / Analyst 5/234. [I; 2129. "Swarm of Minute Insects In and Around Macclesfield." The Analyst: A Quarterly Journal of Science, Literature, Natural History, and the Fine Arts, 5 (1836): 234-237.]


1836 Sept 25 / (N) / Red glare in sky, London, and firemen out / Mechanics Mag 36/355 / These in Annual Report upon London Fires. [I; 2130. Baddeley, William. "London Fires in 1836." Mechanics' Magazine, 26 (February 11, 1837); 354-365, at 355.]


1836 Oct 11 / Volc / Goentoer, Java / N.M. / C.R. 70-878. [I; 2131. Backer, 881. The Guntur volcano.]


1836 Oct 18 / Breslau / large fireball / BA 60. [I; 2132. Greg, 76.]


1836 Oct. 18 / Great aurora or sky glow and 2 Vulcs or sunspots / See Feb., 1837. / CR 3/585. [I; 2133. "Sur l'aurore boréale du 18 octobre 1835, observée à Forli." Comptes Rendus, 3 (1836): 585. "Sur l'aurore boréale du 18 octobre 1836." Comptes Rendus, 3 (1836): 585-586. These articles only relate to auroral phenomena; yet, Pastroff reported observing two "asteroids" on October 18. See: 1837 Feb 16, (I; 2172).]


1836 Oct. 18 / (N) / "Fire in sky" and hundr[eds] of firemen and soldiers in many cities in England, France and Germany. / Mechanics Mag 26/355 / See Sept. 25. [I; 2134. Baddeley, William. "London Fires in 1836." Mechanics' Magazine, 26 (February 11, 1837); 354-365, at 355. No quote for "Fire in sky."]


1836 Oct 18 / Cherbourg / Aurora / C.R. 3/518, 536, 585. [I; 2135. "Aurore boréale du 18 octobre 1836." Comptes Rendus, 3 (1836): 518-519. "Observation de l'aurore boréale à Turin et à Chambéry." Comptes Rendus, 3 (1836): 536. "Sur l'aurore boréale du 18 octobre 1836." Comptes Rendus, 3 (1836): 585-586.]


1836 Oct. / A. / France / 34/286 A. J. Sci. [I; 2136. Barnard, Frederick Augustus Porter. "On the Aurora Borealis of November 14, 1837." American Journal of Science, 34 (1838): 267-290, at 286.]


1836 Oct. 18 / Auroral / ab 8 p.m. / London / great red glare in sky / fire engines called out / LT, Oct 20-3-c. At Strasburg, Rennes, etc., ab 8:30 / Times, 24th / Two columns of fire rose in opposite directions. [I; 2137. "The Northern Lights." London Times, October 20, 1836, p. 3 c. 3. "Shortly after 8 o'clock, on Tuesday evening, the metropolis and its suburbs, for miles around, was thrown into a state of the greatest excitement by the northern hemisphere suddenly assuming a most awful fiery appearance, whih seemed to indicate the existence of some dreadful conflagration in the northern portion of the metropolis." "The Great Aurora Borealis." London Times, October 24, 1836 p. 4 c. 6. "A splendid aurora borealis appeared last evening about half past 8 o'clock, in Rennes, and spread for a moment some alarm in the city. The brightness from the clouds was such that it resembled a large fire breaking through the roof of an edifice." "Strasburg, Oct. 19th.—Last evening, between 8 and 9 o'clock, a rather extraordinary phenomenon caused a general uproar in our city. A dazzling light suddenly spread over a large extent of the sk, which soon appeared totally on fire."]


1836 Oct. 23 / 7 p.m. / 11 p.m. / Fireballs over Greenfield, Mass, exploding with q. effects. / Niles Weekly Register, Nov. 5. [I; 2041. "Domestic Chronicle" Niles' Weekly Register, 51 (November 5, 1836): 160. "Meteor. On Sunday, 23d, a large meteor, or fire ball, was observed to pass over Greenfield, Mass at 7 and 11 o'clock at night; it exploded both times, causing houses to quiver as if affected by an earthquake."]


1836 ab. last of Oc / [q] / Paisley / Kilpatrick / Erskine / Inchinan / ab. 10:50 p.m. / L.T., Oct 31-6-e. [I; 2138. "Earthquake at Old Kilpatrick and Paisley." London Times, October 31, 1836, p. 6 c. 5. Mallet, 262. Milne, David. "Notices of Earthquake-Shocks felt in Great Britain...." Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 31 (1841): 92-122, at 121. Mallet and Milne note an earthquake at Blytheswood, on October 24, at 10 A.M.]


1836 Nov 1 / [London Times], 2-e / q / Rawcliffe Bridge / (not found). [I; 2139. "Earthquake." London Times, November 1, 1836, p. 2 c. 5. "About midnight, on the 15th ult., a slight shock of an earthquake was felt at Rawcliffe-bridge, and at the farmhouses continguous to the Dutch river, attended with a rumbling noise somewhat like the rattle of a heavy carriage, which lasted a few seconds, and greatly alarmed many of the inhabitants.—Doncaster Gazette."]


1836 Nov. 1 / Vulc / 2 black bodies diff. sized by Pastoroff / C.R. 49/811. [I; 2140. "Lettre de M. Herrick...." Comptes Rendus, 49 (1859): 810-812, at 811. LeVerrier, Urbain Jean Joseph. "Examen des observations qu'on a présentées, à diverses époques, comme pouvant appartenir aux passages d'une planète intra-mercurielle devant le disque du Soleil." Comptes Rendus, 83 (September 18, 1876): 583-589, 621-624, 647-650, 719-723, at 621-622. See: 1837 Feb 16, (I; 2172).]


1836 autumn / Many auroras / Shetlands / C.R. 3/781. [I; 2141. Edmonston, Thomas. "Aurores boréales." Comptes Rendus, 3 (1836): 781.]


[1836 Nov. Wrong date. See: 1836 Jan 28, I; 2142).]


1836 Nov. 11 / See Dec. 11. / Macao, Brazil / (F). [I; 2143. Fletcher, 100. This is the Macao meteorite. Fletcher gives the date of its fall as November 11, 1836. See: 1836 Dec 11, (I; 2155).]


1836 Nov 12 / Leonids / ac to Olmsted / A. J. Sci. 31-388. [I; 2144. Olmsted, Denison. "On the Meteor Shower of November, 1836." American Journal of Science, 31 (1837): 386-391, at 390.]


1836 Nov 12-13 / Near Tours, mets like a rain of fire reported. Near Culloy, in the valley of the Rhone, seen through a fog so rapidly people thought auroral flashes or lightning. Athenaeum 1837-12. [I; 2145. "Falling Stars." Athenæum, 1837 (no. 480; January 7): 12-13.]


1836 Nov. 12-13 / In northern Russia, unusual no. of meteors (lat. 60), town of Bogouslowsk. / C.R. 4-524 / bet 3 and 4 a.m. of 13th, from Leo. [I; 2146. "Étoiles filantes." Comptes Rendus, 4 (1837): 524.]


1836 Nov 12-13 / N.Y. / Evening, few meteors, but flashes like lightning and aurora. / 2 a.m., began mets. from Leo. / Niles Weekly Register, Nov 19, 1836. [I; 2147. "Meteors of the 12th and 13th Instant." Niles' Weekly Register, 51 (November 19, 1836): 179. "During the evening but few meteors were obseved, but from 8 o'clock until near dawn, successive flashes were observed in the east, suposed by some to be lightning. At 9 o'clock, a very beautiful auroral light was seen of a pinkish hue."]


1836 Nov. 20 / (It) / Italy / q and red light / See 1805. [I; 2148. (Galli, Ignazio. "Raccolta e classificazione di fenomeni luminosi osservati nei terremoti." Bollettino della Società Sismologica Italiana, 14 (1910): 221-448, at 355-356.) See: 1805 July 26, (I; 146).]


1836 Nov. 20 / q. / II [Medium] / Salerno and Basilicata, Italy / BA '11. [I; 2149. Milne, 705.]


1836 Nov 22 / Silesia / "atmospheric explosion / BA 60. [I; 2150. Greg, 76.]


1836 Dec. 3—etc. / 2 p.m. / Began eruption in Guadaloupe. / C.R., 4-294. [I; 2151. Lherminier. "Note sur l'éruption du volcan de la Guadeloupe." Comptes Rendus, 4 (1837): 294-295. La Soufrière volcano.]


1836 Dec 11 / Parma / from 7:45 p.m. till midnight / Ab. 50 mets = stars first mag, 12 = Jupiter. Then ab 15 smaller ones till daybreak. Most from e to w. / L.T., 1837, Jan 4-6-2. [I; 2152. "In the night...." London Times, January 4, 1837, p. 6 c. 2. See: 1836 Dec 11, (I; 2154).]


1836 Dec / Eruption / Guadaloupe / See Feb. / Athenaeum 1837-444. [I; 2153. "Volcano in Guadaloupe." Athenæum, 1837 (no. 503; June 17): 444. See: 1837 Feb, (I; 2169).]


1836 Dec 11 / At Parma, from 7:45 to midnight, no less than 50 meteors equally in brilliance stars of 1st mag, 12 of them as bright as Jupiter. From midnight till 6:30 great number of smaller ones, 15 size of stars of second mag. Most of them from e. to w. / See Dec 11, 1833. / L.T., 1837, Jan 4-6-b. [I; 2154.1, 2154.2. "In the night...." London Times, January 4, 1837, p. 6 c. 2. "In the night of the 11th Dec a great number of shooting stars were eseen at Parma; they are described as more numerous than those observed on November 13. From a quarter before 8 till midnight there were no less than 50, equalling in brilliancy stars of the first order, 12 of which were as bright as Jupiter. From midnight till half-past 6 in the morning 15, resembling stars of the second magnitude, were observed, with a number of smaller size. The direction of the greater portion was from east to west. A nearly similar phenomenon was observed at Parma during the night of the 11th of December, 1833." This meteor shower may be an early observation of the Geminid meteor showers. While the asteroid 3200 Phaethon, (discovered in 1983, is thought to be the parent body of these meteors, coinciding with the orbital elements of the Geminids), the observed dust tail being shed by 3200 Phaethon may not adequately account for these displays. Jewitt, David; Li, Jing; and, Agarwal, Jessica. "The Dust Tail of Asteroid (3200) Phaethon." Astrophysical Journal Letters, 771 no. 2 (July 10, 2013): L36. "Most particles in the optical tail follow gravitationally unbound orbits and thus do not contribute to the Geminid meteoroid stream." See: 1833 Dec 11, (I; 1854).]


1836 Dec 11 / See Nov. 11. / Macao, Brazil / fall great number of stones / C.R. 5-211. [I; 2155. Berthou, F. "Chute de pierres observéee au Brésil." Comptes Rendus, 5 (1837): 211. Greg, 76. See: 1836 Nov. 11, (I; 2143).]


1837:


1837 Jan 1 / q / Palestine / Congregational Magazine 20-405. [I; 2156. (Congregational Magazine, 20-405).]


1837 Jan 1 / Great q / Syria / BA '11. [I; 2157. Milne, 705.]


1837 [Jan 5] / Vesoul and Toulouse / 1:15 a.m. / loud det. met / BA 60. [I; 2158. Greg, 76-77.]


1837 Jan 1 and to Feb / Great quake on 1st Syria / Athenaeum 1837/416. [I; 2159. "Great Earthquake in Syria." Athenæum, 1837 (no. 502; June 10): 416-417.]


1837 Jan. 1 / q. in Syria / Safat and Tabereah / Athenaeum 1837-416 / Fire shot from ground. Many hot springs burst out. Throughout month of June. [I; 2204. "Great Earthquake in Syria." Athenæum, 1837 (no. 502; June 10): 416-417. "The principal shock of the earthquake appears to have been felt on the 1st of January; but successive shocks continued throughout the month," in January, (not June).]


1837 Jan 1 / 4:35 p.m. / Beyrout, Syria / q. / The Atmosphere was hot and charged with electricity. / Arc. Sci 1838-254 / 39 villages destroyed. [I; 2160. "Earthquake in Syria." Arcana of Science and Art, 11 (1838): 254-255. "During the day of the earthquake the atmosphere was close and charged with electricity. Fahrenheit's thermometer stood at 66°, but five minutes after the earthquake it rose to 70°."]


1837 Jan 1 / Great q. / town of Saffet / 4 or 5,000 killed / L.T., Ap. 12. [I; 2161. "Earthquake at Syria" London Times, April 12, 1837, p. 7 c. 4. "Late Earthquake in Palestine." London Times, March 1, 1837, p. 7 c. 6. The city of Safed is now part of Israel.]


1837 Jan 1 / Severe shock / Beyrout / 14 houses thrown down / L.T., Feb 7/5/f. [I; 2162. "A severe shock...." London Times, February 7, 1837, p. 5 c. 6. "A severe shock of an earthquake was experienced at Beyrout on the 1st of January; it lasted about 30 seconds."]


1837 Jan. 5 / 1 a.m. / near Vichy, etc. / Met size of moon followed by several luminous points—one minute / C.R. 4-94. [I; 2163. "Météore lumineux de la nuit du 4 au 5 janvier 1837." Comptes Rendus, 4 (1837): 94-95.]


1837 Jan 5 / 1:15 a.m. / Toulouse, etc. / det met / BA 60-76 / Germany, too. [I; 2164. Greg, 76. The observation from Niederbronn-les-Bains, in Alsace, would have been in France, next to the German border.]


1837 Jan 15 / Mikolowa, Hungary / 5 p.m. / stonefall, ac to Poggendorf / BA 60. [I; 2165. Greg, 76. Boguslawski, Georg von. "Zehnter Nachtrag zu Chladni's Verzeichnisse der Feuermeteore und herabgefallenen Massen (Wien 1819)." Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Ergänzungsband, 4 (1854): 1-155, 353-456; at 356.]


1837 Jan 26 / bet 1 and 2 a.m. / Chalon-sur-Saône and at Bourg (Ain) / aurora very brilliant / supposed from a fire. / Night, 25 - 26, aurora at Geneva, maximum at 12:45. / [L.T.], Feb 7-6-d / 8-6-f. [I; 2166. "On the night...." London Times, February 8, 1837, p. 6 c. 6. "On the night of the 26th ult., between the hours of 1 and 2 o'clock, a very brilliant aurora borealis was observed at Chalon-sur-Saône which lasted for more than half an hour. This celestial phenomenon was also observed at Bourg (Ain); it lasted more than 10 minutes, and was at first supposed to be a fire towards the north of the town. A similar phenomenon was also observed at Geneva, on the night of the 25th, and was visible till past 2 o'clock in the morning of the 26th. At its most brilliant period, about three-quarters past 12 o'clock, the space above the Jura was interspersed with bright red streaks, and the entire firmament was interspersed with fleecy clouds. The wind was south-west.—French paper." The same article also appears in the London Times, February 7, 1837, p. 6 c. 4. This Bourg is Bourg-en-Bresse, (Ain).


1837 Jan 29 / Vizille, Isère / violent explosive sound followed by q. / BA 54. [I; 2167. Mallet, 265.]


1837 Feb 5 / Op Mars / (A1). [I; 2168.]


1837 Feb / Eruption / Guadaloupe / Athenaeum 1837-444 / See Dec. [I; 2169. "Volcano in Guadaloupe." Athenæum, 1837 (no. 503; June 17): 444. See: 1836 Dec, (I; 2153). The Soufriere Guadeloupe volcano was in eruption until February 12, 1837.]


[1837 Feb 8 /] 1837 Feb. 15 / Over Comrie region fell a black powder. / Edin New Phil Jour 31-293. [I; 2171. Milne, David. "Notices of Earthquake-Shocks in Great Britain...." Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 31 (April-October 1841) 259-309, at 293. "On Wednesday last (8th February) Locherne, in Perthshire, was observed to be covered by a black scum, which spread in a thin film over its surface." (Edinburgh Weekly Journal, February 15, 1837.).]


1837 Feb 13 and 14 / Red dustfall / ab. 600 miles w. of Cape Verde / Nautical Magazine, 6-291. [I; 2170. Burnett, John. "Phenomena at Sea." Nautical Magazine, 6 (1837): 291-292. Burnett gave his ship's positions as 4° 20' N., 23° 20' W., (on February 11), and, 8° N., 27° 20'W., (on February 15), being unable to distinguish the horizon and obtain his position in the hazy weather. "The nearest land during these four days, was the western coast of Africa, distant about 600 miles."]


[1837 Feb. 15. Wrong date. See: 1837 Feb 8, (I; 2171).]


1837 Feb 15 (?) / Phantom / In Times of 25th, copying from the Western Luminary, that on Wednesday night (Feb. 15?) some persons saw lights in the streets of Exmouth and heard tramping horses bet 11 and 12 p.m.—going to windows saw a funeral procession—several mutes on horseback, three mourning coaches followed by chariots—procession ending with more mutes on horseback. Said that several persons ran from houses and saw it turn a corner, and took a short cut, expecting to overtake it, seeing the lights glittering in the road, but upon reaching the road could not see it, and searched in vain. / Then inquiries at the toll gate, but somewhere between last sighted and the toll gate the procession had disappeared. Said that no person likely to be buried with such pomp had died in the neighborhood.

[A; 122.1 to 122.4. "A Marvellous Circumstance." London Times, February 25, 1837, p. 2 c. 5. "A Love for the Marvellous." Exeter and Plymouth Gazette, March 4, 1837, p. 5 c. 4. (@ BNA. No copy of Flindell's Western Luminary, February ??, 1837).]


1837 Feb 16 / 2 Vulcans by Pastorff / An Sci Dis 1860/410. [I; 2172. "New Planets." Annual of Scientific Discovery, 1860, 409-411, at 410. "Astronomie." Bibliothèque Universelle des Sciences, Belles-Lettres, et Arts, Sciences et Arts, 58 (1835): 434-435. Pastorff said that he had seen two "asteroids" crossing the Sun's disc, in 1834. Wartmann, Louis-François. "Lettre de M. Wartmann a M. Le Prof. De La Rive, sur Quelques Observations de M. Pastorff." Bibliothèque Universelle de Genéve, n.s., 8 (April 1837): 409-411. Pastorff reported observing these asteroids on October 18 and November 1, in 1836, and on February 16, in 1837. Wartmann, Louis François. "Sur l'éclipse de lune du 20 avril dernier, sur la lumière zodiacale et sur de nouveaux astéroïdes." Correspondance Mathématique et Physique de l'Observatoire de Bruxelles, 9 (1837): 141-144.]


1837 Feb 18 / Aurora—from the sun / Wycombe / 10:30 p.m. / "Two streams" of a bright vermillion color: ["...]the one arising in the north-east, passing over Arcturus and Ursa Major; and the other originating in the south-west, leaving Orion to the southward, passing over Aldebaran and Capella, and meeting in the Zenith," forming a luminous arch of no great breadth. The western limb was by much the brightest and shot forth rays. [I; 2173.1, 2173.2. Tatem, James George. "General Observations Made on the Weather at Hgh Wycombe, Bucks., Lat. 51° 37' 44" North; Long. 34' 45" West, During the Year 1837." Transactions of the Meteorological Society, 1 (1839): 98-103, at 98-99.]


1837 Feb 18 / Aurora / Proc. Roy. Irish Acad. 1/38. [I; 2174. "Mr. Lloyd read a note on the Aurora Borealis of the 18th inst....."Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, 1 (February 27, 1837): 38-39.]


1837 Feb 18 / Dorset / 7 to 11 p.m. / Aurora / LT, Feb 25-2-f. [I; 2175. "On Saturday evening...." London Times, February 25, 1837, p. 2 c. 6. "On Saturday evening last the phenomenon of the Aurora Borealis presented a very magnificent spectacle. Soon after 7 o'clock the sky to the north-west was lighted up with a sheet of brilliant crimson light, the coruscations of which, towards the zenith, were extensive and most rapid. Shortly after 8 o'clock the irregular motion of the phenomenon became less perceptible, and the crimson light was based on an arch of pale light. The appearance did not subside until about 11 o'clock.—Dorset Chronicle."]


1837 Feb. 18 / Aurora / France / Switzerland / Livonia / CR 4/589. 263. 337. [I; 2176. "Aurore boréale du 18 février 1837." Comptes Rendus, 4 (1837): 263. "Aurore boréale du 18 février 1837." Comptes Rendus, 4 (1837): 337. "Aurores boréales." Comptes Rendus, 4 (1837): 589.]


1837 Feb. 18 / Aurora / London and France / Am J. Sci 32/396. [I; 2177. Herrick, Edward Claudius. "Aurora Borealis of February 18, 1837." American Journal of Science, 32 (1837): 396.]


1837 Feb 18 / From 8 to 10 p.m., broad crimson streak in sky, e to w., close to Mars. / L.T. 25-6-a. [I; 2178. "A singular appearance was observed in the heavens...." London Times, February 25, 1837, p. 6 c. 1.]


1837 Feb 22 / Orkneys / Ship illuminated with St. Elmos fire and shore nearby and then thunder and hail. / Jour Frank Inst. 2-20/362. [I; 2179. Traill, William. "St. Elmo's Fire seen in Orkney." Journal of the Franklin Institute, s. 2 v. 20 (1837): 362.]


1837 Feb. 25 / q. / Belg. / Ciel et T 8/38. [I; 2180. Lancaster, Albert Benoît Marie. "Les Tremblements de terre en Belgique." Ciel et Terre, 8 (March 16, 1887): 25-43, at 38.]


1837 Feb 25 / Doncaster / 10 p.m. / Aurora in east / 10:30, another, opposite column in west, on Orion / L.T., March 1-2-e. [I; 2181. "The Aurora Borealis." London Times, March 1, 1837, p. 2 c. 5.]


1837 March / at Cape of Good hope—by Sir John Herschel / Sunspots, "extraordinary both in point of number and magnitude, and in every point of view extremely remarkable." / Arcana of Science 1838-279. [I; 2182. "Remarkable Spots on the Sun in March, 1837." Arcana of Science and Art, 11 (1838): 279. "Remarkable Spots on the Sun in March, 1837." Magazine of Popular Science, 4 (1837): 155.]


1837 March 3 / At Zara, Dalmatia, q. preceded by a dull noise. [I; 2183. Mallet, 266.]


1837 March 14 / Austria / I / [Light quake  BA 1911]. [I; 2184. Milne, 705.]


1837 March 18 / Greece / II / [Medium quake / BA 1911] [I; 2185. Milne, 705.]


1837 March 28 / island of Curzola, Dalmatia / At 6:15 p.m., a luminous meteor and train of fire—at 8:30 a.m., a (q). / B Assoc '54/267 / (See March 3.) [I; 2186. Mallet, 267.]


1837 March 31 / Ap. 1 // See Ap. 12 / Meteors / New Haven / A. J. Sci 11/184 / Wrong date / See 1826. [I; 2187. Twining, Alexander C. "Observations on two late Meteors seen at New-Haven." American Journal of Science, 11 (1826) 184-189. See: 1826 March 31, (I; 1243).]


1837 April / Unknown worms of Devonshire. [A; 123. See: 1837 Ap. 24, (I; 2196).]


1837 April / A / France / Am. J. Sci. 34/285. [I; 2188. Barnard, Frederick Augustus Porter. "On the Aurora Borealis of November 14, 1837." American Journal of Science, 34 (1838): 267-290, at 285. See: 1837 April 6, (I; 2191).]


1837 April - May / Caserta, Italy / I / [Light quake / A 1911]. [I; 2189. Milne, 705.]


1837 April 6 / Angers / Aurora / C.R. 4/589. [I; 2191. "Aurore boréale." Comptes Rendus, 4 (1837): 589.]


1837 Ap 11 / Tuscany, Italy / II / [Medium quake / BA 1911]. [I; 2192. Milne, 705.]


1837 Ap. 11 / Tuscany, etc., Italu / q. / II [Medium] / BA '11. [I; 2193. Milne, 705.]


1837 Ap. 12 / q. / Hartford / Am J. Sci 32/399 / See Ap. 1. / See Aug, 1840. [I; 2194. "Earthquake." American Journal of Science, 32 (1837) 399. See: 1840 Aug 9, (II; 204).]


1837 Ap. 15 / Austria / Stonefall reported. Greg thinks maybe confounded with Jan 15. / BA 60. [I; 2190. Greg, 76-77.]


1837 Ap 20 / (F) / Setting sun above the horizon—moon rose in total eclipse (refraction). / Thomson, Intro to Meteorology, p. 82. [I; 2195. Thomson, David Purdie. Introduction to Meteorology. Edinburgh and London: W. Blackwood and Sons, 1849, 82).]


1837 Ap. 24 / Times of / "Altogether unknown to agriculturalists of the neighborhood." / worms / Devonshire / D-92. [I; 2196. The note copies information from page 92 of The Book of the Damned. "An extraordinary  phenomenon...." London Times, April 24, 1837, p. 6 c. 3. "An extraordinary phenomenon occurred last week in the parish of Bram[p]ford Speke, Devonshire. During a snowstorm a large number of black worms, each about three-quarters of an inch long, fell in the village and the neighbouring fields. They are different from the turnip worm, and altogether unknown to the agriculturalists of the neighbourhood.—Plymouth Journal." "Brampford Speke." London Morning Post, April 20, 1837, p. 8 c. 3. The Morning Post cites the Exeter Western Luminary as its source and helps to indicate the phenomenon occurred, Monday morning, either on April 17, or before.]


1837 Ap. 24 / Wrms / nothing in Plymouth papers. [I; 2197.]


1837 Ap. 28 / 10 p.m. / Shores of the Baltic, in the province of Koeslin, Prussia. A hill 100 feet high sank, leaving a chasm, with a sound like thunder. / LT, May 17-7-e. [I; 2198. "On the 28th...." London Times, May 17, 1837, p. 7 c. 5. "On the 28th ult., at 10 o'clock in the evening, an extraordinary phenomenon took place on the shores of the Baltic, in the province of Koeslin, in Prussia. A hill of more than 100 feet in height, and covered with furze, suddenly sank with a noise resembling thunder. The abyss which had been thus opened must be at least 200 paces in length. The circumstance produced a movement of the ground in the neighbourhood, by which the adjoining hills were raised from 20 to 30 feet. The cause of this phenomenon has not yet been discovered." Koszalin is now in Poland.]


1837 spring / Haunted house 3 miles west of Lafayette, Indiana / Rel-Ph. J, May 4, 1872, p. 15. [A; 124. Stackhouse, I.M. "Story of a Haunted House." Religio-Philosophical Journal, 12 (no. 7; May 4, 1872): 5, (c. 1-3).]


1837 May 5 / (Slag) / Am. J. Sci., 32/395 / Ac to Boston Daily Advertiser. slag, or stones that looked like scoria from a furnace, fell at Bridgewater, Mass / B Assoc, '60 / Said been warm when found. // Am J. Sci., 50/322 / Prof. Shepard says nothing but slag and had been on the ground in the first place. [I; 2199.1, 2199.2. Greg, 76-77. "Meteorite." American Journal of Science, 32 (1837): 395. Shepard, Charles Upham. "Corrigenda to Vol. XXXII." American Journal of Science, 50 (1846): 322.]


1837 May 5 / bet 3 and 4 p.m. / East Bridgewater, Mass / ac to A. J. Sci. 32/395. quoting the Boston Daily Advertiser, June 10. / A metite. / resembled lava, or the scoria of a furnace. [I; 2200. "Meteorite." American Journal of Science, 32 (1837): 395. (Boston Daily Advertiser, June 10, 1837).]


1837 May 16 / [London Times], 7-c / Another wonder. [I; 2201. "Another Wonder." London Times, May 16, 1837, p. 7 c. 3.  In Airdrie, Scotland, a female dog found over 60 deserted lambs, adopted and suckled them, over a period of 14 months after she had her own litter of pups.]


1837 May 17 / [London Times], 7-e / Ext. phe. [I; 2202. "On the 28th...." London Times, May 17, 1837, p. 7 c. 5. This is the publication date of the phenomenon. See: "1837 Ap. 28," (I; 2198).]


1837 May 17 / Algeria / Mirage of troops? / La Sci Pour Tous 2-206, col 2-+. [I; 2203. "Cas de mirage observé en 1837 sur le lac salé de Dréhan dans la province d'Oran." La Science Pour Tous, 2 (no. 26; June 4, 1857): 206-207. Bonnafont. "Cas de mirage observés en 1837 sur le lac salé de Dréhan, dans la province d'Oran." Comptes Rendus, 44 (1857): 915-917.]


1837 June 21 / ab. 11 a.m. / Bleibourg,etc. / Illyria / q preceded by a sound like thunder / BA 54. [I; 2205. Mallet, 268.]


[1837 June 27 /] 1837 July 4 / Canterbury / From ruins of a fortress a stream of red light was seen. Residents were alarmed, but it was found light came from swarms of small insects. Said that at same place been a similar phe. ab 30 years before. / L.T.. July 7-7-d / See Sept 6-4-d. [A; 125.1, 125.2. "A singular phenomenon...." London Times, July 7, 1837, p. 7 c. 4. "A singular phenomenon...." Kentish Gazette, July 4, 1837, p. 3 c. 3. "A singular phenomenon was witnessed on Tuesday evening in this city. The residents within and near the precincts of the Old Castle, at the southern entrance of the city, were alarmed in the night time by a stream of red light, apparently issuing from the old ruins, as if a fire was raging below. As little of this fortress now remains but the outer walls, which inclose a coal-yard and a part of the gas works, it was at first feared that by some means the inflammable material had become ignited. On repairing to the spot it was discovered that the light emanated from an innumerable swarm of small insects, which had collected on the walls and about the old ruins. The moon was not visible; and with the exception of the spot in which they had located, all was darkness. With the morning sun the little creatures disappeared. About thirty years ago a similar phenomenon was witnessed on these walls." (London Times,  September 6, 1837, p. 4 c. 4; not found here.)]


[1837 June 27 /] 1837 July 4 / Insects may have been attracted by the light. [I; 2206.]


1837 July 7 / At Colchester a countryman supposed to have come from the neighborhood of Thorpe engaged a room at the Mitre public house. Morning of the 8th he did not appear. Landlord found the door locked and key gone. Forced the door open. Floor, bed curtains covered with blood—lodger gone. Because a penknife covered with blood thought he had committed suicide. Police inquiry—nothing heard of him. / (L.T. 12-5-b). [A; 126.1, 126.2. "Mysterious Case." London Times, July 12, 1837, p. 5 c. 2.]


1837 July 12 / De Vico saw a very small and perfectly round spot, without a trace of penumbra, traverse a good part of the sun's disk in 6 hours. / Observatory 2/424. [I; 2207. "Search for Vulcan." Observatory, 2 (1878): 424. "Decuppis, a friend of De Vico's supplies the date of this observation in the 'Album' for 1838, July 7, where he states that on July 12, 1837, De Vico saw a very small and perfectly round spot, without trace of penumbra, traverse a good part of the Sun's dusk in the short space of 6 hours."]


1837 July 14 / Yonozu, Japan / Metite / (F). [I; 2208. Fletcher, 100. This is the Yonozu meteorite.]


1837 July 21 / Unknown ? Fishes / Niles Register, Aug 5, 1837, that ac to the naturalist Dr. Wood, fishes had fallen in th. storm into the streets of Louisville. He considered them doubtfully a species of Exocetus, but was doubtful because the pectoral fins were peculiar. Holding one up to a light, he found it devoid of veins or arteries. / (Beware "Exocetus"). [I; 2009.1, 2009.2. "A Fish Storm." Niles' Weekly Register, 52 (August 5, 1837): 356. "Dr. Wood, a naturalist, relates the astonishing fact, that after a thunderstorm at Louisville, on the 21st ultimo, he saw the puddles of water collected in the streets and the commons, swarming with a species of psicatory tribe, varying in weight from 10 to 3 dwts. which not without doubt he ranks with the genus Exocetus, although the pectoral fins are not united with the sides quite near enough to the spinal membrane to be the true Elvolans. He further observes that by placing them in a glass jar of water between himself and the light of a taper, he found the body to be transparent and void of veins or arteries. Only two parts of the body contained blood vessels visible to the naked eye. The air vessels covered the whole interior of the sides and back. Whether they ascended in the clouds as spawn and there attained their present size, or whether they were drawn up in that perfection, he does not decide." The "Exocetus" is the genus of  flying fishes, and "Piscis Volans," which translates as flying fish, is a constellation in the southern sky; thus, (whether or not these flying fish were hatched in the clouds or came from the stars), their tale is written in the vein of a newspaper hoax. A pennyweight, (dwt.), is about 1.55 grams. The Caledonian, (St. Johnsbury, Vermont), August 8, 1837, (p. 4 c. 5), includes the remainder of this yarn: "...he does not decide; but reasoning from the fact that young frogs have been known to cover the ground after a heavy rain, he thinks it not improbable that the ethereal world might have rained these fishes. Let the philosophers of nature determine."]


1837 July 21 / Fishes / streets of Louisville. [A; 127.]


1837 July 24 / Redruth / Shower in one street only—small yellow flies—fell thick—bit or stung severely. / L.T., July 31, 1837, 7/d / See Cardiff, May, 1907, or 1905. [I; 2210. "A Shower of Flies." London Times, July 31, 1837, p. 7 c. 4. "On Monday evening a singular circumstance took place at Redruth. About 7 o'clock the main street of that town was visited by a shower of small yellow flies, which fell so thick as to cause great annoyance to persons walking there at the time; they bit or stung severely the faces and hands of those on whom they alighted. It is rather singular that the flies confined their movements to the High-street alone.—Plymouth Journal."]


1837 July 24 / (F) / (F.O.) / Gross-Divina. Hungary / Metite / BA '60. Nagy-Divina, ac to F. [I; 2211. Fletcher, 100. This is the Nagy-Diwina meteorite. Greg, 76.]


1837 Aug/ (Fr.) / Esnaude, Charente / Metite / BA '60 / (F). [I; 2212. Fletcher, 100. This is the Esnandes meteorite. Greg, 76.]


1837 Aug 2 / St. Thomas, W Indies / I / [Light quake / BA 1911]. [I; 2213. Milne, 705.]


1837 Aug. 2 / St. Thomas, W. Indies / Destructive q. / BA 1911-55. [I; 2214. Milne, 705. Turner, H.H., et al. "Seismological Investigations." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1911, 30-67, at 55.]


1837 Aug 2 / q and hurricane / island of St Thomas / BA 54 says account seems very doubtful. [I; 2215. Mallet, 268.]


[1837 Aug. 2 /] 1837 Dec 2 / Hurricane at Tortola, B.W.I. / 36 ships wrecked in the harbor / L.T., 1867, Dec 3-10-f / Houses carried away. [I; 2272. Symons, George James. "The Tortola Hurricane." London Times, December 3, 1867, p. 10 c. 6. "In the midst of the hurricane shocks of earthquake were felt, and to complete this awful visitation a fire broke out in the back stores of Messrs. Stubbs and Co." Reid, William. An Attempt to Develop the Law of Storms.... 1st ed. London: John Weale, 1838, 55. 3rd edition. London: John Weale, 1850, 59.]


1837 Aug 2 / night / q / Sydney, N.S.W. / BA 54. [I; 2216. Mallet, 268.]


1837 Aug 3 / morning / Severe shocks / Zante / BA 54. [I; 2217. Mallet, 268.]


1837 Aug 5 / New Haven, Conn. / Met / BA 60-76. [I; 2218. Greg, 76.]


1837 Aug 9 / Geneva / At 9 p.m.—clouds on horizon—none zenith—water fell—large drops "tiède" to such a degree as to drive people to shelter. Fell for several minutes and stopped—but fell again several times during an hour. / C.R. 5/549 ac to Wartmann. [I; 2219.1, 2219.2. "Extrait d'une lettre de M. Wartmann...." Comptes Rendus, 5 (1837) 549. Wartmann reports that the rain first fell about one or two minutes. "Rain from a clear sky." American Journal of Science, 36 (1839): 178.]


1837 Aug 9 / The q's here at Acapulco were from W. to E. till 12th of November—after that, stronger from E. to W. In Dec., again, W. to E. [I; 2220.]


1837 Aug 9 / See Sept. 4. / Shocks here (Mexico) went on. / BA 54 / Sept 18, violent / severe, 21st, 22nd. [I; 2221. Mallet, 268-272. The following Mexican earthquakes were on October 18, 19, 21, and 22, 1837, (not "Sept 18"). See: 1837 Sept 4, (I; 2232).]


1837 Aug 9 / q-phe / Morelia (Michoacan), Mexico—4:15 p.m., shocks—15 minutes later, great tempest and electric discharges so great that the air seemed on fire, and falling stars in the evening. / Ref—early Nov, 1839. [I; 2222.1, 2222.2. Mallet, 268-269. Galeotti, H. "Sur les tremblements de terre et les étoiles filantes." Bulletins de l'Académie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, 8 pt. 2 (1841): 437-441, at 438.]


1837 Aug 9 -10 / The Perseids noted in Switzerland and by Wartmann; noted as coming from Ceph., Cass, and Pers. / C.R., 5-552 / p. 183, M. Arago announced extraord no. of meteors—as directed toward Taurus. / p. 347 / See that some noticed them in U.S., too. / See A. J. Sci. [I; 2223.1, 2223.2.  "Étoiles filantes du mois d'août." Comptes Rendus, 5 (1837): 347-348. "Extrait d'une lettre de M. Wartmann...." Comptes Rendus, 5 (1837): 552-553. Herrick, Edward Claudius. "Additional Observations on the Shooting Stars of August 9th and 10th, 1837." American Journal of Science, 34 (1838): 180-182.]


1837 Aug / Mets / A. J. Sci 33-index / 34-180. [I; 2224. Herrick, Edward Claudius. "Further proof of an annual Meteoric Shower in August, with remarks on Shooting Stars in general." American Journal of Science, 33 (1837-1838): 354-364. Herrick, Edward Claudius. "Additional Observations on the Shooting Stars of August 9th and 10th, 1837." American Journal of Science, 34 (1838): 180-182.]


1837 Aug 9, 10 / Perseids / A. J. Sci 34-180. [I; 2225. Herrick, Edward Claudius. "Additional Observations on the Shooting Stars of August 9th and 10th, 1837." American Journal of Science, 34 (1838): 180-182.]


[1837 Aug 10. Wrong date. See: 1838 Aug 10, (I; 2226).]


1837 Aug 10 / Volc / Merapi, Java / N.M./ C.R. 70-878. [I; 2227. Backer, 881. The Merapi volcano.]


1837 Aug 10 - 11 / between 1:15 and 12:15 / M. Arago and 2 other observers counted 107 meteors. / L.T., Nov. 2-1-d. [I; 2228. "Shooting Stars." London Times, November 2, 1837, p. 1 c. 4. "In the night of the 10th to the 11th of August last, M. Arago's eldest son and a friend counted, in the garden of the observatory, 107 of these bodies between 11¼ and 12¼ hours. Also from 12 hours 37 minutes to 3 hours 26 minutes the beginning of twilight of the same night MM. Bouvard and Laugur observed 184. The motions of the greatest number were directed towards Taurus, as they ought from the motion of the earth.—Railway Magazine."]


1837 Aug. 26 / [L.T.], 3-d / Astro. rarity / 25-3-d / 23-6-a / other notes. [I; 2229. "Astronomical Rarity." London Times, August 26, 1837, p. 4 c. 4. The peculiar rising and setting times of the Harvest Moon. "A curious phenomenon...." London Times, August 25, 1837, p. 3 c. 4. A fireball at Hornsey, on August 3rd. (London Times August 23, 1837, p. 6 c. 1. Nothing in this issue).]


1837 Aug 29 / Upper Silesia / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 2230. Greg, 76.]


1837 Aug 30 / Cork, Ireland / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 2231. Greg, 76.]


1837 Sept 4 / See Aug. 9. / Mexico—after a storm—clouds around volc Jorullo, and at night many meteors. / BA 54. [I; 2232. Mallet, 269. Galeotti, H. "Sur les tremblements de terre et les étoiles filantes." Bulletins de l'Académie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, 8 pt. 2 (1841): 437-441, at 438. The Jorullo volcano has not erupted between 1774 and 1943. See: 1837 Aug 9, (I; 2222).]


1837 Sept 6 / Barbadoes / I / [Light quake / BA 1911]. [I; 2233. Milne, 705.]


1837 Sept 21 / 7:48 p.m. / at Paris / great met from near the Eagle / C.R., 5-555. [I; 2234. Mauvais. "Grand météore observé à Paris le 21 septembre 1837." Comptes Rendus, 5 (1837): 555. "...un bolide éblouissant, qui produisait une lumière telle, que les corps projetaient une ombre distincte." Greg, 76. Lowe, 136. Cast a shadow. Thomson, David Purdie. Introduction to Meteorology. Edinburgh and London: W. Blackwood and Sons, 1849, 305. "Meteor." Athenæum, 1837 (no. 528; December 9): 900.]


1837 Sept 22 / (+) / Big q and phe in air / Van Dieman's Land / B Assoc 54/269. [I; 2235. Mallet, 269-270. Mallet's source of information was Alexis Perrey, who obtained his information from Antonio Colla; but, Colla's identification of "Maya" and "Lasaya" were not known locations in Van Dieman's Land, (Tasmania), nor in New Holland, (Australia). Perrey, Alexis. "Memoire sur les Tremblements de Terre dans le Bassin du Rhin." Mémoires couronnés et mémoires des savants étrangers, 19 (1845-1846): 1-113, at 94. Colla, Antonio. "Terremoti sentiti in diversi punti del globo nell'anno 1837" Biblioteca Italiana, o sia Giornale di Letteratura, Scienze ed Arti, 92 (1838): 264-270, at 267-270. "Earthquakes in New South Wales." Sydney Magazine of Science and Art, 2 (1859): 93-94. "Where are these places situated?" A "truthful account" was suggested, wherein a "slight shock" was felt in Sydney, and a "considerable earthquake" struck Adelaide, (both on August 2, 1837). "An extraordinary redness in the sky" was noticed the preceding day. See: 1837 Aug 2, (I; 2216). "On Wednesday night...." Sydney Herald, August 7, 1837, p. 9 c. 2. "Earthquake." South Australian Gazette and Colonial Register, July 29, 1837, p. 3 c. 3. Also, on July 23, Adelaide was struck by an earthquake. An earthquake for September 21 or 22 was not found in the Tasmanian and Australian newspapers, in 1837.]


1837 Sept, end of / Volc eruption near Acheen, East Indies / BA 54. [I; 2236. Mallet, 270. The Bur ni Telong volcano.]


1837 Oct 1 / —loud rumblings at Agram / Oct 6, detonation like discharge of artillery and earth trembled / Oct 7, 2 reports on 6th / at intervals day and night. / great damage reported / Athenaeum 1837-852. [I; 2237. "Earthquake in Croatia." Athenæum, 1837 (no. 525; November 18): 852. Agram is the German name for Zagreb, Croatia.]


1837 Oct. 6 / Devastating gale / New Orleans / L.T., Nov. 21-6-b. [I; 2238. "Destructive Hurricane at New Orleans." London Times, November 21, 1837, p. 6 c. 2.]


1837 Oct 11 / (sky fire) / —8 p.m. / 18— 7 p.m. / Nov. 5—11:30 / Nov 12—5 to 10 p.m. / Nov 14—10 p.m. / red light in sky / no arch as observed at Cambridge / LT, Nov 22-6-b. [I; 2239. "Aurora Borealis." London Times, November 22, 1837, p. 6 c. 2.]


1837 Oct 11 / 7:30 p.m. / Dept of Calvados, France / violent shock and loud explosions heard / BA '54. [I; 2240. Mallet, 270.]


1837 Oct 12 / [LT], 5-c / Wild man / Indiana. [A; 128. "A regular 'Caspar Hauser'...." London Times, October 12, 1837, p. 5 c. 3. "A regular 'Caspar Hauser' has been found in the back woods of Indiana. He is about 15 years of age, is quite wild, knows no human language, and although domiciliated in the family of a Mr. Clarke, with every comfort around hm, he daily endeavours to escape to the forest. He devours small birds, nuts, and raw deer's flesh; and the only indication of humanity he has yet given besides wearing the form of man, and developing a savage kind of reason, is the falling violently in love with a servant girl in the family. A more perfect Orson, or wild man of the woods, has never been seen either in this or any other country."]


1837 Oct 18 / See '36. / Aurora / Paris / C.R. 5-639. [I; 2241. "Aurore boréale le 18 octobre 1837." Comptes Rendus, 5 (1837): 639.]


1837 Oct. 20 / Stowe, Ohio, 3 a.m. / Tornado / [V]ery few tornadoes [e]arly mornings. / Finley's Rept. [I; 2242. Fort observed that Finley's tornadoes seldom occurred in the early mornings; only twelve of these six hundred occurred between midnight and seven o'clock. Finley, 3, 13-14.]


1837 Oct. 20 / q and sound / Devon / See May 3, '09. [I; 2243. Parfitt, Edward. "On Earthquakes in Devonshire." Report and Transactions of the Devonshire Association, 16 (1884): 641-661, at 651. See: 1809 May 3, (I; 265).]


1837 Oct. 20 / At Camelford, rumbling sound and vibrations. Thought was thunder, but the atmosphere was too serene. / L.T. 30-6-c. [I; 2244. "Earthquake." London Times, October 30, 1837, p. 6 c. 3.]


1837 Oct 31 / 12:58 a.m. / Murcia, Spain / q / atmosphere suffocatingly hot / BA 54. [I; 2245. Mallet, 272.]


1837 Nov 1 / Milan / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 2246. Greg, 76.]


1837 Nov 7 / Chile / III / [Severe quake / BA 1911]. [I; 2247. Milne, 705.]


1837 Nov. 7 / evening and night / A. J. Sci. 37-358 / high waves / Sandwich Isles / 20 feet high one place / 6:30 p.m. / q, Chile, I think. [I; 2248. Rooke, Thomas Charles Byde. "Notice of remarkable Agitations of the Sea at the Sandwich Islands, on the 7th November, 1837." American Journal of Science, 37 (1839): 358-361. The tsunami at Hilo Bay rose twenty feet above the high water mark. Fort suggests that the tsunami originated with the earthquake in Chile, on the same date. Milne, 705. "Sandwich Islands." Literary Gazette, (January 26, 1839): 59-60. "Singular Tidal Phenomenon." The Mirror of Literature, Amusement, and Instruction, 32 (November, 1837): 221-222. This last article mentions some of the tsunami's effects at Honolulu, but nothing regarding the destruction at Hilo Bay and elsewhere.]


1837 Nov 7 and 8 / Samoa / shocks / C.R. 10-836. [I; 2249. Dumoulin. "Coincidence de date de quelques mouvemens extraordinaires de la mer...." Comptes Rendus, 10 (1840): 835-837.]


1837 Nov 10 / Met moved like [illustration]. / L.T., Nov 16/7/a. [I; 2250. (London Times, November 16, 1837, p. 7 c. 1.)]


1837 Nov 12 / Time of great aurora, severe shock, Lucerne / BA 54. [I; 2251. Mallet, 272.]


1837 Nov 12 / Sky fire—England / supposed conflagration somewhere / L.T., Nov 18, etc. [I; 2252. "Aurora Borealis." London Times, November 18, 1837, p. 7 c. 1. "The firemen of the various stations on the London Fire Establishment have, during the last four nights, been repeatedly called up by alarms of fires, which, on inquiry, were found to be caused by occasional corruscations of deep red light, which arising at the northern or north-eastern parts of the horizon, flashed up to the zenith, and after a brief continuance suddenly disappeared."]


1837 Nov 12 - 13 / Paris, etc. / Aurora / C.R. 5/726, 704, 761. [I; 2253. "Aurore boréale." Comptes Rendus, 5 (1837): 704. "Aurore boréales du 12 novembre dernier." Comptes Rendus, 5 (1837): 726. "Aurore boréale." Comptes Rendus, 5 (1837): 761.]


1837 Nov. 12 / (aurora and q) / (Cut) / Severe shock at Lucerne—"during the night of the 12th and 13th a beautifu[l] Aurora borealis was observed at different places in Europe." / B Assoc 1854-272. [I; 2254. Mallet, 272.]


1837 Nov. 13 / The Leonids in N.Y. / L.T., Dec 9-6-e / On morning of—none until 1:05 a.m. / 226 counted. [I; 2255. "Meteoric Shower of November, 1837." London Times, December 9, 1837, p. 6 c. 5.]


1837 Nov 12 - 13 / Aurora / C.R. 5/704, 726, 761. [I; 2256. "Aurore boréale." Comptes Rendus, 5 (1837): 704. "Aurore boréales du 12 novembre dernier." Comptes Rendus, 5 (1837): 726. "Aurore boréale." Comptes Rendus, 5 (1837): 761.]


1837 Nov. 13 / 8 groups of sunspots visible to smallest of telescopes / N.Y. / LT, Dec 9-6-e. [I; 2257. "Meteoric Shower of November, 1837." London Times, December 9, 1837 p. 6 c. 5. "The spots on the sun (which some have supposed to have a connexion with the zodiacal light) are very remarkable at present and peculiarly deserving the attention of astronomers. Yesterday (the 13th) eight distinct groups were visible on the sun's disk, even to the smallest telescopes. These, with larger powers, could be resolved into more than 60 distinct spots."]


[1837 Nov 13-14. Wrong date. See: 1838 Nov 13-14, (I; 2258).]


1837 Nov / Leonids active. / See Perseids. [I; 2259.]


1837 Nov. 12 / ab. 6 p.m. / Luminous red arch / sky cloudless / About 8 p.m., a great meteor appeared, succeeded by others, up to 10 p.m., when clouds covered sky. / L.T. 14-7-d. [I; 2260. "Singular Celestial Phenomena." London Times, November 14, 1837, p. 7 c. 4. Robert, L. "Etoile filantes de la nuit du 12 au 13 novembre." Comptes Rendus, 5 (1837): 121-122. The brief reference in the London Times to the French Academy of Science concerns observations made in 1832 at Mauritius. See: 1832 Nov. 12, (I; 1728).]


1837 Nov. 12 / 5:30 p.m. / 2 belts crimson light / Manchester / L.T. 17-3-c. [I; 2261. "There was a very splendid appearance...." London Times, November 17, 1837, p. 3. c. 3.]


1837 Nov. 12 - 13 / night / Great auroral glare in sky at Paris, but only one meteor seen / L.T. 17-3-c. [I; 2262. "The Aurora Borealis on Sunday night...." London Times, November 17, 1837, p. 3. c. 3. "The Aurora Borealis on Sunday night, which was so very splendid, was carefully observed at the Paris Observatory; the same night was devoted to the observation of falling stars, and by a singular chance only one was seen."]


1837 Nov. 12 - 13 / In issue of 18th and before—other accounts of this aurora and no mention of meteors. [I; 2263. "Atmospherical Phenomenon," and, "Aurora Borealis." London Times, November 18, 1837, p. 7 c. 1. "There was a very splendid appearance of the Aurora Borealis...," "The Aurora Borealis was most distinctly visible...," and, "Northern Lights." London Times, November 17, 1837, p. 3 c. 3.  (1837 Nov. 12 - 13 / In issue of 18th and before).]


1837 Nov. 14 / Aurora / A.J. Sci 34-267. [I; 2264. Barnard, Frederick Augustus Porter. "On the Aurora Borealis of November 14, 1837." American Journal of Science, 34 (1838): 267-290.]


1837 Nov 16 / [London Times], 2-e / Dec 9-6-f / Rara Avis. [I; 2265. "Rara Avis." London Times, November 16, 1837, p. 2 c. 5. A rooster, near Langholm, Scotland, had changed its plumage from red feathers, in 1835, to snow white feathers, in 1836, and, adding black feathers, in 1837, when it was killed by a weasel. "Rara Avis." London Times, December 9, 1837, p. 6 c. 6. "Rara Avis." Caledonian Mercury, December 4, 1837, p. 3 c. 6. "A few years ago a northern diver, or ember goose, having been shot on Talkin Tarn, in Cumberland, the circumstance was noticed as an extraordinary occurrence, that bird being rarely seen so far south. A fine specimen of the same bird, measuring from the tip of the beak to the end of the tail, two feet ten and a half inches, and from the tip to tip of the wings four feet four inches, was taken alive by a boy, on the 16th ult., in the public street of Penrith. The cause of its not taking flight from its pursuer cannot be accounted for, as its wings, on being examined, were found to be perfectly sound."]


1837 Nov 18 to 23 / qs in Mexico / every time first at 10 p.m. and again at midnight / Ref early Nov, 1839. [I; 2266. Galeotti, H. "Sur les tremblements de terre et les étoiles filantes." Bulletins de l'Académie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, 8 pt. 2 (1841): 437-441, at 439. See: 1839 / early in Nov, (II; 128).]


1837 Nov. / Aurora / London / Am J. Sci 34/283. [I; 2267. Barnard, Frederick Augustus Porter. "On the Auroraa Borealis of November 14, 1837." American Journal of Science, 34 (1838): 267-290, at 283.]


1837 Nov 22 / Mexico / great q / [BA] '11. [I; 2268. Milne, 705.]


1837 Nov. 25 / Near bank of Bahama, Capt of vessel saw an enormous fire on horizon for 4 hours. Thought been a submarine volc. On Jan 3, another Captain there found the sea disturbed and milky. / Nov. 30, q, Martinique / Athenaeum 1838/349. [I; 2269. "Submarine Volcano." Athenæum, 1838 (no. 550; May 12): 349.]


1837 Nov. 25 / Banks of Bahamas, for 4 hours, great fire, as reported by Capt. of a ship, on the horizon, as if from submarine volc. Later, water here seen discolored. / C.R. 6-302. [I; 2270. "Documents relatifs à une éruption sous-marine qui paraît avoir eu lieu sur le banc de Bahama." Comptes Rendus, 6 (1838): 302.]


1837 about Nov 24 / about 11 p.m. / Rutland / q / See Dec 15. [I; 2271. See: 1837 Dec 8, (I; 2275).]


[1837 Dec 2. Wrong date. See: 1837 Aug. 2, (I; 2272).]


[1837 Dec 8 /] 1837 Dec 15 / LT, Dec 18-3-f / ab 11 p.m. / Rutland / 3 violent shocks. People supposed been an explosion of gunpowder. Had been on[e] 3 weeks before. [I; 2274. "An Earthquake in Rutland." London Times, December 18, 1837, p. 3 c. 6.]


[1837 Dec 8 /] 1837 Dec 15 / 11 p.m. / 3 shocks in Rutland. Violent enough to shake houses. Had been one there 3 weeks before. / L.T., Dec. 18-3-f. [I; 2275. "An Earthquake in Rutland." London Times, December 18, 1837, p. 3 c. 6. "An Earthquake in Rutland." Lincolnshire Chronicle, December 15, 1837, p. 3 c. 3.]


1837 Dec. 14 / 7:40 p.m. / great met / Conn. / A. J. Sci 37-130 or 27-130(?). [I; 2273. Herrick, Edward Claudius. "Account of a Meteor seen in Connecticut, December 14, 1837; with some considerations on the Meteorite which exploded near Weston, Dec. 14, 1807." American Journal of Science, 37 (1839): 130-135. Greg, 76.]


[1837 Dec 15. Wrong date. See: 1837 Dec 8, (I; 2274).]


[1837 Dec 15. Wrong date. See: 1837 Dec 8, (I; 2275).]


1837 Dec 16 / (See Nov 11, 1836.) / Atheaeum of / some time before / many stones / Macao, Brazil. [I; 2276. "Falling Stones." Athenæum, 1837 (no. 529; December 16): 915. See: 1836 Nov. 11, (I; 2143), and, 1836 Dec. 11, (I; 2155). This is the Macao meteorite.]


1837 Dec 16 / Outburst of Carinae / Sir J. Herschel / Clerke, Hist Astro, appendix. [I; 2277. Clerke, Agnes Mary. A Popular History of Astronomy During the Nineteenth Century. London: Adam & Charles Black, 4th ed., (1902), 48-49, 447. Eta Carinae, (previously known as Eta Argus), includes two massive stars, which, originally recorded as a 4th magnitude star, began its 18-year-long "Great Eruption" and became brighter than Rigel, with an apparent magnitude of -1.0 in 1845. The Homunculus Nebula was produced by this Great Eruption. Smith, Nathan, and, Frew, David J. "A revised historical light curve of Eta Carinae and the timing of close periastron encounters." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 415 (2011): 2009-2019.]


[1837 Dec 16 /] 1838 Nov 16 / 7 p.m. / at Condé-sur-Noireau, France / Met train seen, not met. / C.R. 7-979. [I; 2356. "Meteore lumineux, le 16 novembre 1838." Comptes Rendus, 7 (1838): 979. "...le 16 décembre dernier, à 7 heures du soir..." Greg, 76.]


[1837 Dec 26. Wrong date. See: 1737 Dec 26, (I; 2278).]


[1837 Dec 26. Wrong date. See: 1737 Dec 26, (I; 2279), and, 1892 Aug. 13, (I; 2279).]


1837 Dec. 30 / Trebnitz / N to S / daylight / fireball / BA 60. [I; 2280. Greg, 76.]


1838:


1838 about / India / [illustration] / D-274 / See '39. [I; 2281. The note copies information from page 274 of The Book of the Damned. Powell, Baden. "A Catalogue of Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1849, 1-53, at 44. In a letter by G. Pettitt, a meteoric object was observed by two young men, who drew his attention to it, about 7:30 P.M., at Palamcottah, (now, Palayamkottai), India, "in the year 1838." "They beheld on looking up a brilliant object in the heavens, shining more brightly than the moon, and instantly came and called me to see it. By the time I had reached the outside of my house, its brilliance had considerably faded, but even then it was a glorious object. Its position was directly north, its elevation about forty-five degrees, perhaps a little higher; its form I well remember, because of its resemblance to a letter in the Tamul alphabet, and its whole surface, though different in shape, little less than that of the moon. Its shape and relative size to the moon may be represented thus. What appear to me to be its great peculiarities were these; it was perfectly stationary, never moving for a moment from the place where it was first seen; and it remained visible twnety minutes from the time I first saw it, becoming more and more dull and indistinct, till it melted away and was seen no more. I should add that it was a starlight night, without a single cloud," (and no moon). The illustration resembles the vowel "e" in the Tamil syllabic script.]


1838 Jan. 2 / Breslau / N.E. to S.W. / fireball / BA 60. [I; 2282. Greg, 76.]


1838 Jan. 2 / morning / Extraordinary display of mets at Mornez, near Geneva / Proc. Amer. Phil Soc 13-501. [I; 2283. Kirkwood, Daniel. "On the Meteors of January 2nd." Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 13 (1873): 501-502.]


1838 Jan 5 / 7:15 and 7:30 a.m. / Belley (Ain) / shocks and loud sounds / BA 54. [I; 2284. Mallet, 273.]


1838 Jan 7 / Kaee, Oude, Hindoostan / Oldham's date / Fletcher's = Jan 29. [I; 2285. Fletcher, 100. This is the Kaee meteorite. Fletcher gives the date of the fall as January 29, 1838. (Oldham).]


1838 Jan 8-14 / (It) / Umbria / flames from the earth and q / See 1805. [I; 2286. (Galli, Ignazio. "Raccolta e classificazione di fenomeni luminosi osservati nei terremoti." Bollettino della Società Sismologica Italiana, 14 (1910): 221-448, at 356.) See: 1805 July 26, (I; 146).]


1838 Jan 8 / Spoleto / q / said that flames seen issuing from earth / BA '54. [I; 2287. Mallet, 273.]


1838 Jan 21 / Tynehead / q / rent in earth extending 1/2 mile / L.T., 1838, Jan 24-7-f. [I; 2288. "Sunday morning a shock of an earthquake...." London Times, January 24, 1838, p. 7 c. 6. Milne, David. "Notices of Earthquake-Shocks felt in Great Britain...." Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 31 (1841): 92-122, at 121.]


1838 Jan 23 / Great q, Transylvania, Turkey, Russia. Said that at Orsova, Hungary, flames were seen issuing from earth. / BA 54. [I; 2289. Mallet, 274-275.]


1838 Jan 23 / incip. volc. / Transylvania / q and flames from earth. / C.R. 6/244 / BA '11 / Russia / BA 54/274 / J. des Deb / Feb 13, 16, 26, 27. [I; 2290. "M. l'amiral Roussin, dans une lettre écrite...." Comptes Rendus, 6 (1838): 244. "On écrit d'Odessa, le 26 janvier." Journal des Debats, February 13, 1838, p. 2 c. 4. "L'Observateur authrichien publie une lettre de Cronstadt...." Journal des Debats, February 16, 1838, p. 2 c. 1-2. "On écrit de Pétersbourg, le 10 février." Journal des Debats, February 26, 1838, p. 2 c. 4. "On écrit d'Odessa, le 9 février." Journal des Debats, February 27, 1838, p. 2 c. 1. Mallet, 274-275. Milne, 705.]


1838 Jan 23 / S.W. Russia / III / Hungary, Balkans / [Heavy quake / BA 1911]. [I; 2291. Milne, 705.]


1838 Jan 28 / Venus greatest brilliancy / A l. [I; 2292.]


1838 Jan 29 / See Jan. 7. / Kaee, Oude, India / Metite / (F). [I; 2293. Fletcher, 100. This is the Kaee meteorite. Fletcher gives the date of the fall as January 29, 1838. See: 1838 Jan 7, (I; 2285).]


1838 Feb. 2 / near Sassarie / Land violently lifted and torn / Athenaeum 1838-396. [I; 2294. "Disturbance of the Soil." Athenæum, 1838 (no. 553; June 2): 396.]


1838 Feb 14 / Dijon, France / 4:30 and 6:30 p.m. / slight shocks but violent explosions / BA 54. [I; 2295. Mallet, 276.]


1838 Feb 14 / Umbria, Italy / I / [Light quake / BA 1911]. [I; 2296. Milne, 706.]


1838 Feb. 26 / Volc / Ternate / N.M. / C.R. 70-878. [I; 2297. Backer, 881. The Gamalama volcano.]


1838 Feb 28 - March 1 / night / Lisbon / shocks—thunder and lightning, rain, hail, wind / C.R. 17-619. [I; 2298. Perrey, Alexis. "Nouvelles recherches sur les tremblements de terre ressentis en Europe et dans les parties adjacentes de l'Afrique et de l'Asie, de 1801 à juin 1843." Comptes Rendus, 17 (September 25, 1843): 608-625, at 619).]


1838 March 4 / —19 h / Venus Inf. cojunction Sun / (Al). [I; 2299.]


1838 March 17 / London / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 2300. Greg, 76-77.]


1838 March 17 / Rumbling sound / 1 p.m. / Shrewsbury / q / LT, 19-4-f / 21-7-f. [I; 2301. "The shock of an earthquake...." London Times, March 19, 1838, p. 4 c. 6. "The shock of an earthquake was distinctly felt at Shrewsbury and in its immediate neighbourhood at 1 o'clock on Saturday night.—Salopian Journal." "Earthquake at Shrewsbury." London Times, March 21, 1838, p. 7 c. 6. Milne, David. "Notices of Earthquake-Shocks felt in Great Britain...." Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 31 (1841): 92-122, at 121. Milne, 706.]


1838 March 17 / 4 p.m. / Barton and Grimsby [and] other places on coast / sudden intense darkness and electric flashes and then suddenly light again / L.T. 26-3-d. [I; 2302. "On Saturday, the 17th inst...." London Times, March 26, 1838, p. 3. c. 4.]


1838 March 17 / 4 p.m. / near Barton (South Killingholme), Grimsby / heavy clouds—darkness / thunder and lightning and soon passed away / L.T., March 26-3-d. [I; 2303. "On Saturday, the 17th inst...." London Times, March 26, 1838, p. 3. c. 4.]


[1838 March 30. Wrong date. See: 1828 March 30, (I; 2304).]


1838 Ap. 8 / Whirlwind near Calcutta / A. J. Sci 36-71. [I; 2305. Floyd, J. "Account of the Hurricane or Whirlwind of the 8th of April, 1838." American Journal of Science, 36 (1839): 71-75. "...at Dum Dum the hailstones were uncommonly large, one weighing, (as is said,) three and a half pounds."]


1838 Ap. 18 / Metite / (Ref) / Akbarpur (Saharanpur), India / Mems Geolog. Survey of India/43/part 2 / (F) / N.W. Provs. [I; 2306. Brown, J. Coggin. A Descriptive Cataloqgue f the Meteorites Comprised in the Collection of the Geological Survey of India, Calcutta (On August 1st, 1914)." Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India, 43 (1916): part 2, 149-287, at 161. Fletcher, 100. This is the Akbarpur meteorite. Greg, 76.]


1838 Ap. 20 to 4 a.m., 21st / Knoxville, Tenn. / 154 meteors seen / few in other places / A. J. Sci. 34/398. [I; 2307. "Meteor Shower in April." American Journal of Science, 34 (1838): 398.]


1838 Maggio [May] 12-13 / Substance / Fassig 2/375. [I; 2308. Fassig, Oliver Lanard, ed. Bibliography of Meteorology. Part II: Moisture. Washington: Signal Office, 1889, 375. Costa, Oronzio Gabriele. "Straordinaria copia dell' Oribates alatus caduta colle piogge de' 12 e 13 Maggio del 1838."  Corrispondenza Zoologica, 1 (1839): 19-23. Costa identifies the Oribatida mites that fell with this rain.]


1838 May 18 / Michigan / NY / Canada / met / BA 60-76. [I; 2309. Greg, 76.]


1838 May 22 / Isère, France / I / [Light quake / BA 1911] [I; 2310. Milne, 706.]


1838 May 26 / near Halle, Prussia / Severe shocks / "A dull sound was heard, which, according to some persons, was subterranean." / BA 54. [I; 2311. Mallet, 277. Not "severe shocks"; Mallet writes: "Some subterranean commotions supposed to have been felt," (Mallet's emphasis).]


1838 May 31 / by Prof. Wartmann / At 7 p.m.—sky cloudless in zenith and none near. Rain, lukewarm and in large drops, fell. / Timbs', 1839-262. [I; 2312. "Rain Without Clouds." Timbs' Year-book of Facts in Science and Art, 1839, 262. Phipson, Thomas Lamb. "Sur quelques phénomènes météorologiques observés sur le littoral de la Flandre occidentale." Comptes Rendus, 44 (1857): 784-787, at 786.]


1838 June 6 / Chandakapur, Berar, India / Metite / (F). [I; 2313. Fletcher, 100. This is the Chandakapur meteorite. Greg, 76.]


1838 June 7 / 11 p.m. / Sound / Meleda / BA 54 / But see June 7, 1839. [I; 2314. Mallet, 277. See: 1839 June 7, (II; 50).]


1838 June 11 and 12 / Iceland / III / [Heavy quake / BA 1911]. [I; 2315. Milne, 706.]


1838 June 18 / at Arras / Great number of little frogs / L'Institut 6-212. [I; 2316. "Aux faits nombreux de pluies de Batraciens...." L'Institut, 6 (June 28, 1838): 212.]


1838 June 23 / Pessaro—9:45 p.m. / Venice—10:18 p.m. / qs / At Pesaro, many large meteors seen first. / At Venice, torrents of hail and rain. / BA 54. [I; 2317. Mallet, 277.]


1838 June 23 / (It) / Pesaro / "Many shooting [or falling] stars," rather brilliant and of large size, and q. / BA '54/277 / C.R. 7/89 / 8/344. [I; 2318. Mallet, 277. "Tremblements de terre." Comptes Rendus, 7 (1838): 89. "Effet d'un tremblement de terre sur le niveau de l'eau dans les puits." Comptes Rendus, 8 (1839): 344.]


1838 June 23 / Pessaro (Marches), Italy / I / [Light quake / BA 1911]. [I; 2319. Milne, 706.]


1838 June 23 / q—mets / Rept B.A., '73-385 / at Pesaro, Italy / 9 p.m. / Many meteors coming from the east. They were bright and large and in such great numbers that they looked like fireworks. A few minutes later a violent q. [I; 2320. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Alexander Stewart Herschel. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors during the year 1872-73." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1873, 349-403, at 385.]


1838 June 23 / A few minutes before violent q at Pesaro, Italy, at 9 p.m., as recorded in the works of Count Joseph Mamiani, many large meteors from the east toward south. The numbers attracted attention of the people of Pesaro. / BA 73-385. [I; 2321. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Alexander Stewart Herschel. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors during the year 1872-73." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1873, 349-403, at 385.]


1838 June 23 / Q—mets / Pesaro, Italy / 9 p.m. / A few minutes after the [mets] a "very violent" q. Many meteors were seen—from east to south. / BA 73-385. [I; 2322. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Alexander Stewart Herschel. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors during the year 1872-73." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1873, 349-403, at 385.]


1838 June 23 and into 1839 / qs of St Jean de Maurienne, Savoy, Italy / BA 1911. [I; 2323. Milne, 706.]


1838 June 25 / at Toulouse / "The atmosphere had become opaque but without any appearance of a storm." Then streaks of fire from horizon toward zenith at regular intervals for ab minute and a half. /  

[LT], July 3-6-e. [I; 2324.1, 2324.2. "A remarkable celestial phenomenon...." London Times, July 3, 1838, p. 6 c. 5.]


1838 June 26 / Aurora / Macao, Brazil / C.R. 7-87. [I; 2325. Callery. "Aurore Boréale observée à Macao." Comptes Rendus, 7 (1838): 87-88. This location was Macau, in China, (not in Brazil). As the phenomenon was reported at the Séance of July 9, 1838, the date of "June 26," (reported in the index, but not in the article, "Hier du soir"), is doubtful; as, communications between China and France were not that speedy in 1838.]


1838 June 28 / Whirl near Elgin / L.T., July 19-7-d. [I; 2326. "Extraordinary Whirlwind." London Times, July 19, 1838, p. 7 c. 4.]


[1838 July 4. Wrong date. See: 1838 August 8, (I; 2328).]


[1838 July 4 /] 1838 July 11 / at noon / A whirl near Middleton / At 2:45 near Lincoln / L.T. 14-6-f. [I; 2329. "Effects of a Whirlwind," and, "Extraordinary Whirlwind." London Times, July 14, 1838 p. 6 c. 6. "Extraordinary Whirlwind." Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser, July 7, 1838, p. 3 c. 5. "Great Storm and Flood." Manchester Guardian, July 7, 1838, p. 3 c. 6-7. These latter accounts of the whirlwind at Middleton indicate its date as July 4, (not July 11).]


1838 July 6 / Liverpool / 11:30 p.m. / a flash of lightning—then a ball of fire, stationary 2 minutes, emitting sparks, then falling / LT 13-6-d. [I; 2327. "We are informed by Inspector Hemer...." London Times, July 13, 1838, p. 6 c. 4.]


[1838 July 11. Wrong date. See: 1838 July 4, (I; 2329).]


1838 July 22 / Montlivault, Loir-et-Cher, France / Metite / (F) / C.R. 76-314. [I; 2330. Fletcher, 100. This is the Montlivault meteorite. Daubrée, Gabriel-Auguste. "Note sur des météorites représentant deux chutes inédites qui ont eu lieu en France, l'une à Montlivault (Loir-et-Cher), le 22 juillet 1838, l'autre a Beuste (Basses-Pyrénées) en mai 1859." Comptes Rendus, 76 (1873): 314-316.]


1838 July 25 / afternoon / Rushford, N.Y. / Tornado / also Belfast, N.Y. / Finley's Rept. [I; 2331. Finley, 3.]


1838 July 30 / Frgs / Cor to the Sun saw in Tower St., London, after th. storm, dozens of young frogs, largest not exceeding 1/2 inch, hopping on the pavements. / Mirror 32/112 / D-80. [I; 2332. The note copies information from page 80 of The Book of the Damned. Hale, C.P. "A shower of frogs." Notes and Queries, s. 8 v. 7 (June 1, 1895): 437. "Shower of Frogs." The Mirror of Literature, Amusement, and Instruction, 32 (August 11, 1838): 112. "A correspondent of the Sun, who dates from 7 Sackville-street, states, that as he was walking up Tower-street on Monday afternoon, July 30, 1838, he saw some dozens of young frogs hopping on the foot and carriage pavements; which he conjectures had been precipitated to the earth in a heavy shower that had fallen about anhour before, as they were scattered to a considerable distance. He describes the largest of the frogs as not exceeding half an inch in length, while some were extremely minute, but all exceedingly lively."]


1838 July 30 / Frgs / London. [A; 129.]


1838 Aug 1, etc. / Vesuvius / An Reg '38-121 / at least to 11th, with day or so off. [I; 2333. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 80 (1838): pt. 2, 1-171, at 121-122, cv. "Naples." ]


1838 August / whole month // Etna in eruption / [LT], Oct 3-5-c. [I; 2334. "Mount Etna...." London Times, October 3, 1838, p. 5 c. 3.]


1838 Aug 2 / near Neufchatel, Switzerland / Flight of birds size of pigeons, ac to some—or smoke, ac to others. Said been gnats. / LT 18-6-b. [I; 2335. "A remarkable phenomenon was of the evening of the 2d inst. at Boudry...." London Times, August 18, 1838, p. 6 c. 2.]


1838 Aug 2 - 3 / night / Etna and Vesuvius in eruption / not say when start / BA 54. [I; 2336. Mallet, 278.]


[1838 August 4 /] 1838 July 4 / Dec 15 / 1839—June 16 / July 13 // Mexican qs. and meteors / BA '54 / (noted). [I; 2328. Mallet, 278, 280, 285-286.]


1838 Aug 9, 10 / Obs many places in U.S. upon or looking for Perseids / A. J. Sci 35/167. [I; 2337. Herrick, Edward Claudius. "Report on the Shooting Stars of the 9th and 10th of August, 1838." American Journal of Science, 35 (1838-1839): 167-174.]


[1838 Aug 10 /] 1837 Aug 10 / 60 mets an hour counted at Vienna. / Athenaeum 1838-900. [I; 2226. Littrow, Joseph Johann von. "Falling Stars in August and November." Athenæum, 1838 (no. 581; December 15): 900. "Chronique" L'Institut, 6 (no. 261; December 27, 1838): 432.]


1838 Aug. 10 / Flash in the sky so brilliant that the eye could not bear it, Aug 10, 1838. Left a train like that of a meteor—not. / Prof. Wartmann / B.A. 1846/11. [I; 2338. Wartmann, Louis François. "On some Meteorological Phenomena." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1846, Notices and Abstracts, 11-12.]


1838 Aug 30 / 4 p.m. / Providence, R.I. / Tornado / Finley's Rept. [I; 2339. Finley, 3.]


1838 Sept 7 / Oxford / 8:40 a.m. / q and rumbling sound / "At the time the atmosphere was much disturbed, indicating storms and thunder, though none were heard in the neighborhood." / L.T., Sept 19-3-c / at Adderbury, ac to Index. [I; 2340. "Shock of an Earthquake." London Times, September 19, 1838, p. 3. c. 3.]


1838 Sept 16 / 10 p.m. / waves of light from a dark belt of clouds / Lincoln / LT 22-7-e. [I; 2341. "Celestial Phenomena." London Times, September 22, 1838, p. 7 c. 5.]


1838 Sept 16 / (aug) / 7:30 p.m. / St. Alban's / band of light that moved slowly / LT, Sept 17-7-d. [I; 2342. "Extraordinary Phenomenon." London Times, September 19, 1838, p. 3 c. 3. "Extraordinary Phenomenon." The Mirror of Literature, Amusement, and Instruction, 32 (September 29, 1838): 221.]


1838 Sept 16 / Arcturus beam / 7 p.m. / Auroral arch and especial ray from Arcturus to Lyra / L.T., Sept 22-7-e. [I; 2343. "Celestial Phenomena." London Times, September 22, 1838, p. 7 c. 5.]


1838 Sept 18 / Ec. Sun / New Haven / A. J. Sci 35-403. [I; 2344. Olmsted, Denison. "Observations made at Yale College on the Eclipse of the Sun of September 18, 1838." American Journal of Science, 35 (1838-1839): 174-178.]


1838 Sept 24 / (Fr) / 1:45 a.m. / Cauterets / near Bagneres? / slight q and rumbling sound / LT, Oct 9-5-b. [I; 2345. "A letter from Bagneres...." London Times, October 9, 1838, p. 5 c. 2.]


1838 Sept 27 / 31:41 N / 44:30 W / Sound like thunder, and a ship violently quaked—on Oct 9, 27:37 N, 31:7 W., 2 p.m., 3 small shocks, same vessel. / Athenaeum 1839-141. [I; 2346. "Submarine Volcano." Athenæum, 1839 (no. 590; February 16): 141.]


1838 Sept 27 / 31° 40' N. Lat., and 44° 30' W. Long / 3 strong shocks to a ship, and sound like thunder / on Oct 9, but clear weather / But no disturbance of the sea. 27° 37' N, and 31° 7' W Long / again 3 concussions / small ones / C.R. 8-32. [I; 2347. Blouet. "Note sur des secousses en pleine mer." Comptes Rendus, 8 (1839): 32.]


1838 Sept 29 - 30 / night / Etna increased violence. / BA 54. [I; 2348. Mallet, 279.]


1838 Oct 13 / Metite hot and smoking / yet was of combustible material / A. J. Sci 40-199 / Oct 12 is the date here. [I; 2349. "African Meteorite of Cold Bokkeveld." American Journal of Science, 40 (1840-1841): 199-201. "In the paper of Dec. 11th, is a detailed statement signed Thos. Maclear, at the Royal Observatory, Dec. 7, 1839, a principal object of which is to correct the date of the fall of the stones, making it the 13th instead of the 12th of October, 1838." "My master sent me to look what it was that had fallen; when I found a stone quite warm, so much so that I could not hold it in my hands."]


1838 Oct. 13 / Cold Bokkeveld, Cape Colony. / Metite / (F). [I; 2350. Fletcher, 100. This is the Cold Bokkeveld meteorite. Greg, 76.]


1838 Oct 18 / morning / Fr / Berias (Ardèche) / met after met from point in Hercules / C.R. 8-344. [I; 2351. "Extrait d'une lettre de M. Jule de Malbos...." Comptes Rendus, 8 (1839): 344.]


1838 Oct 22 / "Singular and mysterious fire" in a huge hollow tree / Sheffield / [LT]. Nov. 5-3-f. [A; 130. "On the morning of the 22d of October...." London Times, November 5, 1838, p. 3 c. 6.]


1838 Nov 12 / Ac to cor in Times—nothing could have exceeded the grandeur of the heavens in this display at London. Too rapid to count. / Nature 71-93. [I; 2352. Denning, William Frederick. "The November Meteors of 1904." Nature, 71 (November 24, 1904): 93. Woods, Robert Carr. "The Meteoric Shower." London Times, November 20, 1838, p. 6 c. 2.]


1838 Nov. 12 - 13 / Philadelphia (?) / Night clear bet 1:45 and 2 a.m. and one meteor seen. / 14 - 15. clear until 2:30 a.m., but not even an ordinary average number of meteors seen. / Proc Amer Phil Soc. 1-60 / Also few seen at Princeton, Univ. of Virginia, and Kenyon College, Ohio. / p. 69. [I; 2353.1, 2353.2. "Stated Meeting, November 16." Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 1 (1838-1840): 56-60, at 60. "Stated Meeting, January 4." Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 1 (1838-1840): 67-69, at 69.]


[1838 Nov 13-14 /] 1837 Nov. 13-14 / from 11:30 p.m. of 13th, till daybreak 14th / at Vienna / 1002 meteors counted / Athenaeum 1838-900. [I; 2258. Littrow, Joseph Johann von. "Falling Stars in August and November." Athenæum, 1838 (no. 581; December 15): 900. "Chronique" L'Institut, 6 (no. 261; December 27, 1838): 432.]


1838 Nov / Mets  / A. J. Sci 35/Index / 36-355. [I; 2354. Lovering, J. "Meteoric Observations made at Cambridge, Mass." American Journal of Science, 35 (1838-1839): 323-328. Olmsted, Denison. "On the Meteoric Shower of November, 1838." American Journal of Science, 35 (1838-1839): 368-370. Herrick, Edward Claudius. "Additional Account of the Shooting Stars of December 6 and 7, 1838." American Journal of Science, 36 (1839): 355-358, at 355.]


1838 Nov. 13 / 7 p.m. / Meteor size of moon at Cherbourg / C.R., 7-902. [I; 2355. "Grand météore lumineux dans la nuit du 13 novembre 1838." Comptes Rendus, 7 (1838): 902-903. Greg, 76.]


[1838 Nov 16. Wrong date. See: 1837 Dec 16, (I; 2356).]


[1838 Nov. 24. Wrong date. See: 1833 Nov 24, (I; 2357).]


1838 Dec 5 - 10 / Banchory / Aberdeenshire / Polt stones / Jour Soc 9-27. [A; 131. “Correspondence.” Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 9 (February 1899): 22-32, at 27-28. Owen, Robert Dale. Footfalls on the Boundary of Another World. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott, 1860, 255-259. Mackay, Charles. Memoirs of Extraordinary Popular Delusions. London: R. Bentley, 1841, v. 2, 400-405.]


1838 Dec. 6 / 8:55 to 9:15 p.m. / from zenith / 42 mets at Toulon / C.R. 8-255. [I; 2358. Flaugergues, Paul. "Note relative à une observation d'étoiles filantes, faite à Toulon, le 6 décembre 1838." Comptes Rendus, 8 (1830): 255.]


1838 Dec. 7 / U.S. / various places / meteors, ab. 150 a, hour / A. J. Sci 35-365. [I; 2359. Herrick, Edward Claudius. "Report on the Shooting Stars of December 7, 1838, with remarks on Shooting Stars in general." American Journal of Science, 35 (1838-1839): 361-370, at 365.]


[1838 Dec 7 /] 1838 Dec 15 / Mexico / q—mets / BA 54. [I; 2365. Mallet, 280.]


1838 Dec 7 / bet 6 and 7 p.m. / by T. W. Webb, in Herefordshire / Great number of meteors. In half an hour, 40 were counted. / Nature 7-203 / See Proc Met Soc 1838-39, p. 9. [I; 2360. Webb, Thomas William. "Star Shower in 1838." Nature, 7 (January 16, 1873): 203. Powell, Baden. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1851-52." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1852, Reports on the State of Science, 178-239, at 185. (Proceedings of the Meteorological Society, during the session 1838-1839 [and 1839-40], p. 9. Possibly only copies @ Oxford & Glascow.)]


1838 Dec. 7 / bet 6 and 7 p.m. / by T. W. Webb / Great number of mets. An auroral light at the time. / Nature, Jan 16, 1873. [I; 2361. Webb, Thomas William. "Star Shower in 1838." Nature, 7 (January 16, 1873): 203.]


1838 Dec. 7 / South Herefordshire / A great number of mets. 40 counted in ab 1/2 hour. / BA '52-185. [I; 2362. Powell, Baden. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1851-52." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1852, Reports on the State of Science, 178-239, at 185.]


1838 Dec. 10 / 2 mets in France / C.R. 7-1081. [I; 2363. "M. Vincent écrit relativement à deux étoiles filantes qu'il observées le 10 de ce mois...." Comptes Rendus, 7 (1838): 1081.]


1838 Dec 12 / Mets / A. J. Sci 35-361 / 36-355 / 43-398 / 36-355 / 42-398 / 41-403. [I; 2364. Herrick, Edward Claudius. "Report on the Shooting Stars of December 7, 1838, with remarks on Shooting Stars in general." American Journal of Science, 35 (1838-1839): 361-370. Herrick, Edward Claudius. "Additional Account of the Shooting Stars of December 6 and 7, 1838." American Journal of Science, 36 (1839): 355-358. "Shooting Stars of December 7, 1838." American Journal of Science, 41 (1841): 403. "Shooting Stars of Dec. 7, 1838." American Journal of Science, 42 (1841-1842): 398-399.]


[1838 Dec 15. Wrong date. See: 1838 Dec 7, (I; 2365).]


1838 Dec 16 / Dunsink Observatory, Ireland / Last 4 hours of daylight, clouds arranged in arches converging to the N.E. and S.E. points of horizon. / Athenaeum, 1839-141. [I; 2366. "Meteorological Phenomena." Athenæum, 1839 (no. 590; February 16): 141. ]


1838 Dec 16 / Singular ap. of clouds / Proc Irish Acad 1-249. [I; 2367. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, 1 (1836-39): 249. "The President gave an account of a singular appearance of the clouds, observed on the 16th December, 1838, at the Observatory of Trinity College, Dunsink. They appeared, for at least the last four hours of day light, to be arranged in arches which converged very exactly to the N.E. and S.W. points of the horizon; while the breaks or joints in these arches were directed, though with less exactness, to two other horizontal points, which seemed to be always opposite to each other, but ranged from N.W. and S.E. to N. and S. Conjectures were offered with respect to the cause of this appearance."]


1838 Dec 23 / night / La Rochelle / shock and sound like cannon fire / BA 54. [I; 2368. Mallet, 281.]


1838 Dec 23 / 4 p.m. / Shock at Woodhouse Eaves ab time of q in Naples / Gents Mag, Feb, 1839, p. 198. [I; 2365. "Domestic Occurrences." Gentleman's Magazine, n.s., 11 (February 1839): 198-200, at 198. "It is remarkable that an earthquake was felt at Naples about the same time. It is well known to geologists that an anticlinal line of strata is in the Charnwood Forest."]


[End of Series I. Beginning of Series II.]


1839:


1839 // Nor. Car / Siderite found on Black Mt / See 1882. / See Am. J. Sci 2-4-82. / 15 miles from Asheville—also another 6 miles N of Asheville / See Am J Sci 1/36/81 / 2/4/79. / For all, N. Car., see "1882". [II; 1. Shepard, Charles Upham. "On Meteoric Iron from Ashville, Buncombe county, N.C." American Journal of Science, 36 (1839): 81-84. Shepard, Charles Upham. "Report on Meteorites." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 4 (1847): 74-87, at 79 and 82. See: ("1882".)]


1839 / Sunderland / Polt and a sick girl / Jour Soc. 9-28. [A; 132. “Correspondence.” Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 9 (February 1899): 22-32, at 28. Clanny, William Reid. A Faithful Record of the Miraculous Case of Mary Jobson. Sunderland, England: M. Atkinson, 1841. 2nd ed. London: J.R. Smith, 1841. Howitt, William. The History of the Supernatural.... London: Longman, Green, Longman, Roberts & Green, 1863, v. 2, 450-451. "Dr. Clanny and Mary Jobson." Monthly Chronicle of North-Country Lore and Legend, 1 (October, 1887): 369-373. "Years afterwards, a gentleman called upon Mary Jobson, then a married woman, the wife of a respetable manufacturer in Nile Street, Sunderland, wit the design of satisfying himself as to the alleged facts from her own mouth. He found her exceedingly disinclined to enter into the subject, and particularly anxious that no further publicity should be given to the case, which it was quite plain called up most painful recollections in her mind. It is scarcely necessary to add that Mary Jobson had no 'supernatural gifts' or 'manifestations' vouchsafed to her subsequent to 1840."]


1839 / Spon Comb / Belgium.  [A; 134.]


1839 and 1840 or 40-41 / Beast / Scotland / 171. [A; 133.]


1839 Jan to Feb / Great q's / China / BA '11. [II; 2. Milne, 706 .]


1839 Jan to Feb / China / III [great quake / BA 1911]. [II; 3. Milne, 706.]


1839 Jan 1 / Vesuvius / early in morning / ceased in evening, but again on 2nd. On 3rd, quieter until evening. / Timbs 1839-230. [II; 4. "Ætna and Vesuvius." Timbs' Year-book of Facts in Science and Art, 1839, 230.]


1839 Jan 2 / See Jan 1, 1842. [II; 5. See: 1842 Jan 1, (II; 421).]


1839 Jan 2 / N.M. / See 1840 Jan 2. / Unusual Quadrantids / E Mec 74-446. [II; 6. (English Mechanic, 74 (about 1901-1902): 446; matched on 74-446 with limited search.) See: 1840 Jan 2, (II; 145).]


1839 Jan 2 / Attention first drawn to Quadrantids / Nature 65-199. [II; 7. Henry, John R. "The Quadrantid Meteors." Nature, 65 (January 2, 1902): 198-199. "In the year 1839 Herrick drew attention to the recurring character of a meteor shower on January 2. A stimulus was given in the same direction when in 1839 Quetelet published hus valuable contribution to meteoric literature in his 'Catalogue des Principales Apparitions d'Etoiles Filantes,' in which were cited two instances when meteors were reported to have been unusually numerous on the morning of January 2, viz. in 1835 and 1838."]


1839 Jan. 2 / At Bossekop, Finland, a great number of mets and a magnificent aurora. Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. 13-501. [II; 8. Kirkwood, Daniel. "On the Meteors of January 2nd." Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 13 (1873): 501-502.]


1839 Jan 6 / Milan / Fireball / BA 60. [II; 9. Greg, 76.]


1839 Jan 6 / —Milan / 12—Parma / 6—Parma // fireball / BA 60-76. [II; 10. Greg, 76.]


1839 Jan. 11 / Destructive q. / St. Lucia, W. Indies / BA 1911-55. [II; 11. Milne, 706. Turner, H.H., et al. "Seismological Investigations." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1911, 30-67, at 55.]


1839 Jan 11 / Martinique / Guadloupe / St Lucia / II / [medium quake / BA 1911]. [II; 12. Milne, 706.]


1839 Jan 11 / ab 5 a.m. / q / Martinique/ and island enveloped in clouds. "Might been clouds of dust from falling houses." / BA 54. [II; 13. Mallet, 281. Not a correct quotation: "Perhaps this cloud may have arisen only from the falling houses, which are said to have sent up a vast cloud of dust."]


1839 Jan 12 / Feb 6 / May 7 / July 6 / Aug 13 / Sep 3 / Nov 6 / Nov 10 // Fireball / Parma / Rept BA 1860. [II; 14. Greg, 76.]


1839 Jan 12 / Parma / Fireball / BA 60. [II; 15. Greg, 76.]


1839 // about /// See back '38. / [illustration] / (S) / India / 136. [II; 16. Pabst reports that the original note is missing, but an illustration of it is in The Fortean, (no. 15, p. 229). See back to: "1838 about / India"; (I; 2281).]


1839 Jan 14 / 9 p.m. / Upper Assam—q preceded by rain and snow in mts. / BA '11. [II; 17. Mallet, 281, (not Milne, in "BA '11").]


1839 Jan 19 / Remarkable aurora, Dublin / Athenaeum 1839-228. [II; 18. "Aurora Borealis." Athenæum, 1839 (no. 595; March 23): 228. "Rev. H. Lloyd, V.P., read a 'Note of Observations made during the remarkable Aurora of the 19th inst."Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, 1 (January 28, 1839): 254-260.]


1839 Feb to March / Smaller qs / China / I / [BA 1911]. [II; 19. Milne, 706.]


1839 Feb. 2 / dust / 21.14 N. / 25.6 W / Fall of dust that "certainly was not sand, but was like volc. ashes. / Proc. Geolog. Soc., 4-146 / and Tasmanian Journal, 1-333. [II; 20. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On Showers of Ashes which fell at Sea, off the Cape de Verde Islands." Proceedings of the Geological Society of London, 3 (1839): 145-146, at 145; (this article appears on a page labelled "Vol. IV" with the session of November 6, 1839). Clarke, William Branwhite. "On the occurrence of Atmospheric Deposits of Dust and Ashes; with Remarks on the Drift Pumice of the Coasts of New Holland." Tasmanian journal of natural science..., 1 (1842): 321-342, at 333-334. "On the 5th, the air became somewhat clearer; but every spot in the ship or rigging which could afford a lodgment was covered with red powder, which gave a peculiar hue to the sails that continued for many weeks. I had the fore-top-sail swept at the time, and collected much of the powder; it was certainly not sand, but it reminded me strongly of the Vesuvian ashes from Pompeii, except in colour."]


1839 Feb 4 / Off Cape Verde Islands, on a ship fell a reddish brown powder which resembled ashes from Vesuvius "and evidently was not sand blown from" an African desert. / Arcana of Science 1840-250. [II; 21. "Showers of Ashes." Timbs' Year-book of Facts in Science and Art, 1840, 250-251.  "...Evidently was not sand blown from the African deserts."]


1839 Feb 6 / Parma / Fireball / BA 60. [II; 22. Greg, 76.]


1839 Feb. 7 / night / near Bakou, in the Caucasus / q and an eruption of flames—mud / BA 54. [II; 23. Mallet, 281.]


1839 Feb 9 to 13 / Dust fell on another ship west of Cape Verde Islands. / Nautical Magazine, May, 1839. [II; 24. "Dust at Sea." Nautical Magazine, 8 (May, 1839): 364. An extract from the Journal of Captain J.W. Hayward of the Brig Garland: "The air during these five days has been full of a fine dust of a red colour which has lodged on our sails and rigging making every thing appear rusty. The nearest land, Cape Verd Islands, on the 9th, distant 450 miles; and on the 14th 850 miles."]


1839 Feb. 13 / (F) / A. J. Sci 37-385 / Metite / Little Piney, Mo. / 37-55'N 92-5 W / bet 3 and 4 p.m. / motion almost precisely westward / almost as if from same place as Tenn and Georgia mets, 1827 and 29. [II; 25. Fletcher, 100. This is the Little Piney meteorite. Herrick, Edward Claudius. "Fall of a Meteorite in Missouri, February 13, 1839." American Journal of Science, 37 (1839): 385-386. Greg, 76.]


1839 Feb 25 / 7 a.m. / Borgotaro, Tuscany / q preceded by a very loud noise / BA 54. [II; 26. Mallet, 281.]


1839 Feb 27 to June 16 / q and fog / Saint Jean de Maurienne / 76 q's. / CR 9/486 / Sometimes preceded by a rolling sound said been subterranean. In strongest qs the atmosphere obscured by a kind of fog of short duration. [II; 27. Miottard. "Tremblements de terre ressentis à Saint-Jean de Maurienne, en 1839." Comptes Rendus, 9 (1839): 486.]


1839 early in March / Light / Amsterdam, N.Y. / See Aug 22, 1883. [A; 135. See: (1883 Aug 22).]


1839 March 11 / Op Mars / (Al). [A; 136.]


[1839 March 22 /]1839 [June] / Salvador / III / [Great quake / BA 1911] / ab June / ? / Look up. [II; 52. Milne, 706.]


1839 March 23 / Burmah / Great q. Vast quantities of water and black sand thrown out of fissures. Volcanic eruptions in hills south of Kyouk Phyoo / slight tremblings then for a year / BA 54. [II; 28. Mallet, 283.]


1839 March 23 / —Apr 11, still more shocks// bet 3 and 4 a.m. / Ava, Burmah / great q. / A J. Sci 38-385 / Great quantities of water and black sand thrown to surface of ground and strong sulphurous odor. Apr 11th, last news received by the writer. / BA '11. [II; 29.1, 29.2. Milne, 706. "Great Earthquake in Burmah." American Journal of Science, 38 (1839-1840): 385-387.]


1839 March 25 / Volc / Ternate / Java / N.M. / C.R. 70-878. [II; 30. Backer, 881. The Gamalama volcano.]


1839 March 26 / Isère, France / shocks preceded by sound like distant thunder / BA 54. [II; 31. Mallet, 283.]


1839 Ap. 5 / Florence / 5 p.m. / q preceded by very loud sound. Then the sky became clouded. / BA 54. [II; 32. Mallet, 284.]


1839 [Ap 8] / q / Highlands / [LT], Ap 8-5-f / Crieff—May 29-4-e / Glengarry—Ap. 2-6-f / Bridgwater—June 11-7-a. [II; 33. "The following account of the recent earthquake that took place in the highlands of Scotland...." London Times, April 8, 1839, p. 5 c. 6. "Earthquake at Crieff." London Times, May 29, 1839, p. 4 c. 5. "Earthquake." London Times, April 2, 1839, p. 6  c. 6. "We learn from a correspondent...." London Times, June 11, 1839, p. 7 c. 1.]


1839 Ap. 12 / Rain of mud / Constantine, Algeria / CR 8-715 / See 14. [II; 34. "M. Berthier est prié de vouloir bien examiner...." Comptes Rendus, 8 (1839): 715.]


1839 Ap 12 / Algeria / q and sand / Finely powdered substance fell in Algeria. Upon 14th, a q. / C.R. 8-715, 763 / Philippesville / R-May 16, '46. [II; 35. "M. Berthier est prié de vouloir bien examiner...." Comptes Rendus, 8 (1839): 715. "M. le D'Guyon adresse deux lettres d'Alger, relativement au tremblement de terre...." Comptes Rendus, 8 (1839): 763. Reference to May 16, 1846. Fournet, Joseph Jean Baptiste Xavier. "Sur les Pluies de Terre Observées Depuis Quel-ques Années dans le Bassin du Rhone." Mémoires de l'Académie des sciences, belles-lettres et arts de Lyon. Classe des Sciences, s. 2 v. 13 (1863): 185-245, at 214.]


1839 Ap 13 / Storm in Algeria / fall of hail or pieces of ice, described as falling in irregular masses / CR 8-763. [II; 36. "M. le D'Guyon adresse deux lettres d'Alger, relativement au tremblement de terre...." Comptes Rendus, 8 (1839): 763.]


1839 Ap 14 / q and sand / q in Algeria / ab 2 p.m. [II; 37. "M. le D'Guyon adresse deux lettres d'Alger, relativement au tremblement de terre...." Comptes Rendus, 8 (1839): 763.]


1839 / last of May // Dragon-flies / Germany / Mag Nat Hist, N.S., vol. 3 / See Weissenborn. [II; 38. Weissenborn, W. "Great Migration of Dragon-flies observed in Germany." Magazine of Natural History, n.s., 3 (1839): 516-518.]


1839 May 2 / [L.T.], 6-d / 3 clusters of sunspots. [II; 39. "Spots on the Sun's Disc." London Times, May 2, 1839, p. 6 c. 4.]


1839 May 5 / bet 11 and 12 / Aurora / few details / Nottingham / LT, May 13-5-b. [II; 40. "On Sunday night last...." London Times, May 13, 1839, p. 5 c. 2.]


1839 May 5 / Brussels / Aurora / C.R. 8-807. [II; 41. "Aurores Boréales." Comptes Rendus, 8 (1839): 807.]


1839 May 7 / Parma / Fireball / BA 60. [II; 42. Greg, 76.]


1839 May 7 / Saint-Brice / Aurora / C.R. 8-807. [II; 43. "Aurores Boréales." Comptes Rendus, 8 (1839): 807.]


1839 May 8 / near Radham / Lum obj. / See Lum objs. [A; 137.]


1839 May 16 / Wld man of the year 1836. [A; 138.]


[1839 May 18. Wrong date; see: 1832 May 18, (II; 44).]


1839 [May] // Felt-like substance / Carolath, Silesia / D-58. [II; 45. The note copies information from page 58 of The Book of the Damned. "Humboldt's Kosmos." Edinburgh Review, 87 (January, 1848): 170-229, at 193. "Mr. Lloyd exhibited to the meeting a specimen...."Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, 1 (December 9, 1839): 379-381. "Mr. Lloyd exhibited to the meeting a specimen of a remarkable substance recently found in the principality of Carolath, In Silesia. It formed part of a cloth of 200 square feet in surface now in the possession of the King of Prussia. No description of this substance has yet been published; but Major Sabine and Mr. Lloyd were informed by Baron Humboldt (by whom the present specimen was kindly given) that M. Ehrenberg had examined it microscopically, and had found it to be an organic substance, consisting partly of vegetable and partly of animal matter; —the vegetable component being the conferva rivularis, the animal different species of Infusoria, of the family known by the name of Bacillaria." Ehrenberg had noted that other specimens were known as "Meteor-paper," having been seen to fall in flakes and with some pieces found "as large as a table." "Dr. Robinson presented a specimen of Meteor Paper...." Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, 1 (June 8, 1840): 454. Another specimen was presented to the Accademy that was found in Gloucestershire, "last Spring," (1839). "The tract of country between Lesblade and Farringdom is flooded by the Isis every Spring, but not more than usually this season. When the waters subsided, the surface of the ground was covered with this substance to such an extent as to make its removal and destruction necessary to permit the growth of the grass; some of the pieces covering ten and twelve acres in continuous and unbroken sheets. Nothing of the kind had been noticed before by the oldest farmers. Portions of it were found on land which had not been under water. It is denser than any which Dr. Robinson had seen, and contains a larger proportion of the shields of Infursoria; but the tissue is composed chiefly of the conferva rivularis."]


1839 May 22 / ab 11 a.m. / Bridgwater / loud report and shock / L.T., June 11-7-a. [II; 46. "We learn from a correspondent...." London Times, June 11, 1839, p. 7 c. 1.]


1839 May 23 / afternoon / Maumee, Ohio / Tornado / Finley's Rept. [II; 47. Finley, 3.]


1839 May 24 / [L.T.]. 7-a / At Vendome, France, few days before, fall of a "waterspout". On one farm, 60 sheep drowned. [II; 48. "A waterspout fell near Vendome...." London Times, May 24, 1839, p. 7 c. 1. "A farmer at Courtalin had sixty sheep drowned in their pens in the farmyard...."]


1839 June 6 / 8:30 p.m. / (Fr) / Cambrai / Evreux / Chambéry / Geneva / Lausanne / great met / CR 9-139 / Paris—279. [II; 49. "Météorologie." Comptes Rendus, 9 (1839): 139. Fravient. "Bolide du 22 juillet 1839." Comptes Rendus,  9 (1839): 279-280. Greg, 77.]


1839 June 7 / 2 a.m. / Explosive sound and q / Meleda / BA '54/284 / But see June 7, 1838. [II; 50. Mallet, 285. See: 1838 June 7, (I; 2314).]  


1839 June 10 / Ica, Peru / I / [Light quake / BA 1911]. [II; 51. Milne, 706.]


[1839 [June]. Wrong date. See: 1839 March 22, (II; 52).]


1839 June 11 / q / Lancashire / See March 10, 1843. / At Manchester / Lloyds Weekly Newspaper, March 19, 1843. [II; 53. (Lloyds Weekly Newspaper, March 19, 1843.). Milne, David. "Notices of Earthquake-Shocks felt in Great Britain...." Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 31 (1841): 92-122, at 122.]


1839 June 12 / 8:15 a.m./ q and sound like thunder / Lancashire / Roper, p. 34. [II; 54. (Roper, 34).]


1839 June 16 / Mexico / q and mets / BA 54. [II; 55. Mallet, 285 .]


1839 June 16 to Dec. / (+) / (successive) / (See Nov. 29.) / in Savoy / qs and one with light in sky / BA '54. [II; 56. Mallet, 285. (Dates: July 13, (286); ??? Fix.) See: 1839 Nov. 29, (II; 135).]


1839 June 18 / Ice and dark / Brussels / D-180. [II; 57. The note copies information from page 180 of The Book of the Damned. Flammarion, Nicholas Camille. Atmosphere. New York, 1873. (p. 394). ]


1839 // (summer) /// W + summer / Proc Roy Soc London 1850-15a. [II; 58. Howard, Luke. "On the Wet Summer of 1839." Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, 4 (1837-1843): 203.]


1839 June 28 and 29 / Saratof Govern., Russia / II / [Medium quake / BA 1911]. [II; 59. Milne, 706.]


1839 July 5 / [LT], 7-c / Locusts at Clunie, Perthshire / L.T. [II; 60. "Singular Insects." London Times, July 5, 1839, p. 7 c. 3. "A considerable deal of gossip has taken place in the neighbourhood of Dunkeld, in consequence of the arrival last week, at Clunie, of a swarm of gigantic insects, which those who have been in warmer climes pronounce to be locusts."]


1839 July 6 / Parma / Fireball / BA 60. [II; 61. Greg, 77.]


1839 July 7 / Arundel, Sussex / Shower of pieces of ice four or five inches in diameter enclosing hailstones. / LT, July 12-7-d. [II; 62. "Arundel.—Extraordinary Shower of Ice." London Times, July 12, 1839, p. 7 c. 4.]


1839 July 13 / Mexico / q and mets / BA 54. [II; 63. Mallet, 286. Galeotti, H. "Sur les tremblements de terre et les étoiles filantes." Bulletins de l'Académie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, 8 pt. 2 (1841): 437-441, at 441.]


1839 July 24 / Near coast of Lincolnshire—a cutter ran into numerous belts a[s] far as eye could reach of Aphides. / Sci Gos 1869. [II; 64. Southwell, Thomas. "Insect Visitation." Science Gossip, 5 (no. 58; October 1, 1869): 231-232, at 232.]


1839 July 28 / Iceland / Smithsonian Inst Rept 1885-510. [II; 65. "Volcanic Eruptions and Earthquakes in Iceland within Historic Times." Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian, 1885, 495-541, at 510.]


1839 July 31 / noon / New Haven, Conn / Tornado / Finley's Rept. [II; 66. Finley, 3.]


1839 Aug 2 / q—drought / violent shocks at Martinique / Had been drought since January. Immediately after shock came rain which continued for days. [II; 67. Mallet, 286.]


1839 Aug. / Maximum of Perseids / Observatory 46-169. [II; 68. "The Great Shower of Perseids." Observatory, 46 (1923): 169.]


1839 Aug 9, 10 / Great fall of Perseids / N.Q. 3-11-32 / N.M. [II; 69. Wait, Seth. "Falling Stars." Notes and Queries, s. 3 v. 11 (January 12, 1867): 32.]


1839 Aug 10, etc. / Great Perseids at Paris / 1000 in about 4 1/2 hours / C.R. 9/375. At Parma, night 10-11, 819 in 6 1/2 hours / also great in U.S. / C.R. 9-603. [II; 70. "Étoiles filantes de la nuit du 10 août." Comptes Rendus, 9 (1839): 375. These "1000" observations came from Naples, (not from Paris). "Étoiles filantes." Comptes Rendus, 9 (1839): 603.]


1839 Aug 10 / from 9:30 to 3:15 a.m. / at Breslau / 1008 meteors counted / L.T., Sept 2-2-f. [II; 71. "Falling Stars (Breslaw)." London Times, September 2, 1839, p. 2 c. 6.]


1839 Aug 10 / Perseids / A. J. Sci 37-330. [II; 72. Herrick, Edward Claudius. "Report on the Shooting Stars of August 9th and 10th, 1839, with other facts relating to the frequent occurrence of a meteoric display in August." American Journal of Science, 37 (1839): 325-338.]


1839 Aug 11 / 8 to 4 a.m. of 12th / at Canton, China / 414 meteors / Athenaeum 1840/578. [II; 73. "Annual fall of Meteors." Athenæum, 1840 (no. 664; July 18): 578.]


1839 Aug 12 / Swarms of Harpalus / near Dover / Trans Ent Soc London / 1/5/proc. p. 24. [II; 74. "6th September, 1847." Transactions of the Entomological Society of London, s. 1 v. 5 (1847-1849): Proceedings, 22-25, at 24, (xxiv). "Some notes were read by Mr. [John Obadiah] Westwood on the atmospherical peculiarities oserved during the occurrence of the swarms of Coccinellidae on the 12th and 13th August lkast, and on a swarm of Harpalidae, observed on the evening of the 12th, near Dover...." Müller, Albert. "On the dispersal of non-migrating insects by atmospheric agencies." Transactions of the Entomological Society of London, 1871, 175-186, at 180.]


1839 Aug 18 / Irkutsk, Siberia / III / [Great quake / BA 1911]. [II; 75. Milne, 706.]


1839 Aug 21 / [LT], 4-a / Mets. [II; 76. "Falling Stars." London Times, August 21, 1839, p. 4 c. 4.]


1839 Aug 23 / [LT], 3-f / Village of Federowk moved as if by a q. [II; 77. "Saratoff, July 10." London Times, August 23, 1839, p. 3 c. 6. The village of Fedorovka, near Syzran, (Samara Oblast), Russia, suffered a landslip over a period of three days, beginning on June 18, over an area "one mile and a-half long and 250 fathoms broad."]


1839 Aug 24 / d'Auge. France / M. Lemercier, in C.R., 9/375 / Seeming great motion of Venus or Mercury. [II; 78. "Note de M. Lemercier...." Comptes Rendus, 9 (1839): 375-376.]


1839 Aug 26 / Coast of Albania / 9 p.m. / great met and train, 20 mins / A. J. Sci 39-381. [II; 79. "Most Brilliant Meteor." American Journal of Science, 39 (1840): 381. Greg, 77.]


1839 Aug 27-31 / See 1805. / about 1 p.m. on 27 / Messina / a q at 5 and 8 p.m. / other q's / and at 9:30 p.m. at moment of the concussions, a reddish tint in the air—same day and until 31st in Calabria. [II; 80. (Galli, Ignazio. "Raccolta e classificazione di fenomeni luminosi osservati nei terremoti." Bollettino della Società Sismologica Italiana, 14 (1910): 221-448, at 356.) See: 1805 July 26, (I; 146). Mallet, 287. Milne, 706.]


1839 Aug 30 / Sunspot observed by Capt Davis / N.M. / Ast Reg 7-18. [II; 81. Walker, George James. A List of Anniversaries of Remarkable Astronomical Discoveries and Occurrences.... London: n.p., 1869, 17. Walker's book was found appended to volume 7 of the Astronomical Register. "Schreiben des Herrn Majors Davis an den Herausgeber." Astronomische Nachrichten, 18 (1841): 65-66. Guillemin, Amédée. Lockyer, Norman, ed. The Heavens: An Illustrated Handbook of Popular Astronomy. 2nd ed. London: R. Bentley, 1867, 36, (figure 10, "Enormous Sun-spots"). Henry S. Davis was a captain in the 52nd (Oxfordshire) Regiment of Foot, (which he later commanded); and, while at Armagh, in the summer of 1839, he drew a few sketches of a large cluster of sunspots, with the assistance of  Thomas Romney Robinson and the instruments at the Armagh Observatory. He died in 1851.]


1839 Sept / Comet reported near sun, in Ohio / L.T., Oct 8-8-a. [II; 82. "A Comet." London Times, October 8, 1839, p. 8 c. 1. "A beautiful comet may be seen at this time in the West, just after sunset. It may be easily found, being immediately below the planet Jupiter. Its brillancy much exceeds that of any comet heretofore known." The "comet" reported by a correspondent to the Cleveland Herald might only have been the star Spica, (Alpha Virginis), which would have been under Jupiter after sunset and after Venus had disappeared under the horizon.]


1839 Sept 1 / 1 a.m. / Shock / Bristol / L.T., 9-3-d. [II; 83. "A very smart shock of an earthquake...." London Times, September 9, 1839, p. 3 c. 4. Milne, David. "Notices of Earthquake-Shocks felt in Great Britain...." Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 31 (1841): 92-122, at 122.]


1839 Sept. 2, etc. / Many sunspots. A large cluster and 40 or 50 small spots appeared on 3rd. / L.T., Oct 12-3-d. [II; 84. "The Solar Spots." London Times, October 12, 1839, p. 3 c. 4.]


1839 Sept 2 / Bristol, 1 a.m. / S. Wales—q next night bet 11 and 12 great aurora (q and torrents) / LT—9-3-d / Times of 11th reported from Monmouthshire—had been stormy—rain falling in torrents—then violent shaking of earth and sound as if reports of many cannon. [II; 85.1, 85.2. "A very smart shock of an earthquake...." London Times, September 9, 1839, p. 3 c. 4. "A considerable portion of Monmouthshire...." London Times, September 11, 1839, p. 6 c. 6.]


1839 Sept. 2 / [LT], 2-f / Mets at Breslau. [II; 86. "Falling Stars (Breslaw)." London Times, September 2, 1839, p. 2 c. 6.]


1839 Sept 3 / Auroral beam / A. J. Sci 39/364. [II; 87. "Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia." American Journal of Science, 39 (1840): 361-373, at 364-366. "Stated Meeting, October 18." Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 1 (1838-1840): 126-136, at 132-134.]


1839 Sept 3 / This aurora seen at New Orleans. / CR 9/603. [II; 88. "Aurores Boréales." Comptes Rendus, 9 (1839): 602-603, at 603.]


1839 Sept 3 / Aurora / Edinburgh / whole sky aflame / NM / LT, Sept 7-4-f. [II; 89. "The 'Aurora Borealis'...." London Times, September 7, 1839 p. 4 c. 6. "The 'Aurora Borealis' was remarkably vivid and magnificent in the formament on Tuesday night, presenting one vast shifting flame of light from the northern to the southern horizon.—Edinburgh Scottish Pilot."]


1839 Sept 3-4 / from 10 p.m. to 4 a.m. / Sheets of fire and meteors / Year Book 1840. [II; 90. "August and September Asteroids." Timbs' Year-book of Facts in Science and Art, 1840, 268-270, at 270.]


1839 Sept 4 / 1 a.m. / Piedmont / at Alexandria, Sept 3-4, from 10 p.m., all night / brilliant aurora / C.R. 9/374. [II; 91. "Météorologie." Comptes Rendus, 9 (1839):]


1839 Sept 5 / In a field near Peterborough fell a fireball, making a hole a foot deep. / L.T. 9-6-c. [II; 92. "On Thursday a fire ball fell...." London Times, September 9, 1839, p. 6 c. 3. "On Thursday a fire ball fell in a field adjoining the city of Peterborough, belonging to Mr. Tavernor, and, passing completely through a stack of hay, entered the earth under it, leaving a hole nearly a foot wide. The hay was much scorched.—Lincolnshire Chronicle." "Peterborough." Lincolnshire Chronicle, September 6, 1839, p. 3 c. 2. "Last week, a fire-ball fell perpendicularly into a field of Mr. Core's, a short distance from Mr. Taverner's barn; after passing through a stack of wheat...."]


1839 Sept 10 / Fall River. / Clear star-lighted night. Two black columns at first supp. be smoke rising and toward each other northeast, other southeast. Streamer shot from them. They obscured stars. / LT, Oct 9-5-c. [II; 93. "A Black Borealis." London Times, October 9, 1839, p. 5 c. 3. "It was a clear star-light, when a black column began to ascend in the south-east and north-east, directly opposite to each other. The one in the south was first supposed to be a column of smoke, but it soon began to branch off, and streamers shot off, and varied their position in the usual way, only they were black, and so dense as to obscure the stars over which they passed." (Fall River Patriot, 12th, (Sept???), 1839).]


1839 Sept. 10 / Ghent / Fireball / BA 60. [II; 94. Greg, 77.]


1839 / [Sept 17] / spider / Letter dated Sept 17, from Sikkur, on Indus, tells of descent of a large cloud of spiders and their webs. "Maze within maze[,] and fold within fold, an innumerable host of spiders" The morning was somewhat dark—there was distant rumbling of thunder. / "Mirror" 35-47. [II; 95.1, 95.2. "Descent of Spiders." The Mirror of Literature, Amusement, and Instruction, 35, no. 987 (January 18, 1840): 47. "Descent of Spiders." Asiatic Journal and Monthly Miscellany, s. 2 v. 31 pt. 2 (January 1840): 41. "I was taking a stroll into the fields, when I found myself suddenly covered with a whole host of small and large spiders. On looking about, I observed that I was standing in the midst of a large cloud of these animals, who appeared descending in a filmy web of no small dimensions from the upper regions. Having extricated myself with some difficulty from their embraces, I took a position from whence I could see about me, without being annoyed by them, and, to my astonishment, I beheld descending, maze within maze, and fold within fold, an innumerable host of spiders, all suspended and dancing on the numberless tiny threads, which were at times seen to glance, in every variety of shade, amid the beams of the rising sun. The morning was somewhat dark and louring, and the stilness was now and then broken by some distant rumblings of thunder."]


1839 Sept. 20 / Fish, small space / India / D-84. [II; 96. The note copies information from page 84 of The Book of the Damned. Buist, George. "Showers of fish." Living Age, 52 (1857): 186. "On the 20th of September, 1839, after a smart shower of rain, a quantity of live fish, about three inches in length, and all of the same kind, fell on the Sunderbunds, about twenty miles south of Calcutta. On this occasion, it was remarked that the fish did not fall here and there irregularly over the ground, but in a continuous straight line, not more than a span in breadth." "Fall of Fish." Asiatic Journal, s. 2 , 28 (1839): 78. (Quotes: Calcutta Courier, September 24. @ U of Wash, Seattle & BL on microfilm.)]


1839 Sept 28 / [L.T.], [6-c or e] / High Tide / Havre / 14-4-a / Ireland. [II; 97. "The Journal du Havre states that the tide of Tuesday...." London Times, September 28, 1839, p. 6 c. 5. "We stop the press to announce the effect of an extraordinary spring tide...." London Times, September 14, 1839, p. 4 c. 1.]


1839 Oct / Comrie / See Ap. 30, 1921. [II; 98.]


1839 Oct / Comrie / See Aug 21, 1845. [II; 99. See: 1845 Aug 21, (II; 861).]


1839 Oct / Comrie and Venus Inf. conjunction Sun / May 7, 1865. [II; 100. See: 1865 May 7, (III: 700 and 701).]


1839 Oct 2 / Vulcan by De Cuppis / round black object that traversed the sun in 6 hours / C.R. 83-314. [II; 101. "M. Decuppis annonce...." Comptes Rendus, 8 (1839): 809. LeVerrier, Urbain Jean Joseph. "Examen des observations qu'on a présentées, à diverses époques, comme pouvant appartenir aux passages d'une planète intra-mercurielle devant le disque du Soleil." Comptes Rendus, 83 (September 18, 1876): 583-589, 621-624, 647-650, 719-723; at 622.]


[1839 Oct 4 /] 1839 Oct 23 / See BA 54 for series this year at St Jean de Maurienne, Savoy. [II; 117. Mallet, 288 & 291. "During this period forty-nine principal shocks were felt, and many more indistinct ones which were not recorded." Billiet, Alexis. "Notice sur les Tremblements de Terre que l'on Éprouvé dans la Province de Maurienne dupuis le 19 décembre jusqu'an 18 mars 1840." Memorie della Reale Accademia delle Scienze di Torino, s. 2 v. 2 (1840): lv-lxx.]


1839 Oct 5 / —14 h / Venus Inf conjunction Sun / (Al). [II; 102.]


1839 Oct 6 / noon / Constantine, Algeria / rain from clear sky / C.R. 44-786. [II; 103. Phipson, Thomas Lamb. "Sur quelques phénomènes météorologiques observés sur le littoral de la Flandre occidentale." Comptes Rendus, 44 (1857): 784-787, at 786.]


1839 Oct 12 / Comrie. [II; 104.]


1839 Oct 18 / Intense darkness / Quebec / Niles Nat Register, Nov 16, 1839 / [N.M.]. [II; 105. "Chronicle." Niles' Weekly Register, 47 (November 16, 1839): 192, c.v. Darkness at Quebec—singular phenomenon. See: 1819 Nov. 9, (I; 760).]


1839 Oct. 20 / Vulcan? [II; 106. Possibly the wrong date. See: 1839 Oct 2, (II; 101).]


1839 Oct 21 and 22 / Prolonged but very slight shocks / island of Antigua / BA-54. [II; 107. Mallet, 288.]


1839 Oct 21-26 / 62 shocks / Reggio, Calabria / BA , '54 / of which 26 were severe. [II; 108. Mallet, 289.]


1839 Oct 22 / Aurora seen at Milan. / L.T., Nov 5-3-f. [II; 109. "The aurora borealis of the 22d ult...." London Times, November 5, 1839, p. 3 c. 6.]


1839 Oct 22 / L.T., 4-d / at this date / N. eye group of sunspots. [II; 110. "Spots on the Sun." London Times, October 22, 1839, p. 4 c. 4.]


1839 Oct 22 / [LT] 4-e / 24-4-f / De Cuppis' dark body denied / said had been sunspots. [II; 111. "Spots on the Sun." London Times, October 22, 1839, p. 4 c. 4. "Spots on the Sun." London Times, October 24, 1839, p. 4 c. 6. Citing Galinani's Messenger: "The perfectly round figure of this spot, its blackness, the small ness of its diameter, its motion, and the absence of penumbra, appeared to the observer to be so many proofs that it was a small lane hitherto undiscovered which was passing over the sun's disc." The Times, cites the previous article regarding spots visible to the naked eye, with the aid of "a smoked or dark glass," writes: "The 'discovery' of the glasses is no discovery at all, and the 'small planet,' which the Italian astronomer has found, will prove a mare's nest."]


1839 Oct 22 / France and Italy / Aurora / C.R. 9/538, 602 / 18/228. [II; 112. "Aurore boréale du 22 octobre 1839." Comptes Rendus, 9 (1839): 538-539. "Aurores boréales." Comptes Rendus, 9 (1839): 602-603. "Dans la même Lettre...." Comptes Rendus, 18 (1844): 228.]


1839 Oct 23 / Pointed out in L.T., Dec 11, that shocks at Comrie were same time as shocks in St Jean de Maurienne and at Reggio. [II; 113. "From notices in our papers...." London Times, December 11, 1839, p. 3 c. 2. "It is worthy of notice, that the three localities, Perthshire, Saoy, and Calabria Ultra, are ranged nearly n a straight line, and that the chief seat of the movement in each case was in a primary region, for St. Jean de Maurienne and Reggio are in districts of primary rocks, as well as Comrie. The distance from Comrie to Reggio is 1,550 English miles, or 1-1th part of the earth's circumference." (Scotsman, November 27 and December 4, 1839.)]


1839 Oct / A / Am J. Sci 2/7/315. [II; 114. Ross, James Clark. "Notice of, and citations from a Voyage of Discovery and Research in the Southern and Antarctic Regions, during the years 1839-43." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 7 (1849): 313-329, at 315. The aurora was observed at Madeira.]


1839 Oct 23 / Edin 34/97 / That in Sept and Oct had been uncommonly brilliant aurora[s]. "They had a curious fiery colour." / Many felt electric shock. There were other shocks. Mr. Milne in his review in vol 25, "This aerial sound was perceived to accomp[any] most of the other shocks in October 1839. [II; 115. Milne, David. "Notices of Earthquake-Shocks felt in Foreign countries, and in Britain." Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 34 (1843): 85-106, at 97-98.]


1839 Oct 23 / q felt simultaneously / Comrie / Piedmont / Calabria / LT, Dec 5, 1840. [II; 116. "We have again a remarkable example of the coincident occurrence of earthquakes...." London Times, December 5, 1840, p. 3 c. 3.]


[1839 Oct 23. Wrong date. See: 1839 Oct 4, (II; 117).]


1839 Oct 23 / Comrie / A thin, fleecy cloud was often observed hovering over the center of disturbance. / BA-54. [II; 118. Mallet, 289-291.]


1839 Oct 23 / In Rept B. Assoc 1840, Milne says in review of phe since 1788 "Occasionally there was a fall of fine black powder." [II; 119. Milne, David. "On Earthquakes in Scotland." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1840, Notices and Abstracts, 97.]


1839 Oct 23 / Aurora borealis and shooting stars in Scotland were more frequent than usually in Sept and Oct. / BA 54/289. [II; 120. Mallet, 289.]


1839 Oct 29 / Comrie / Sound and Etna / Ap. 13, 1822 / Etna = etc. [II; 121 .See: 1822 April 13, (I; 944).]


1839 Oct / Comrie / Stone in Perth / May 17, 1830. [II;122. See: 1830 May 17, (I; 1553).]


1839 Oct / Comrie / q / loud sound at Blackford / Oct 30, 1821. [II; 123. See: 1821 Oct 30, (I; 897).]


1839 Oct / Comrie to distant / May 11, 1877. [II; 124. See: (1877 May 11).]


1839 Oct / Comrie to Turkey / July 12 - 1894. [II; 125.]


1839 Oct / Comrie as sounding board or Comrie to Distant / May 11, 1877 / Collecting begins here. [II; 126.]


1839 Oct / Comrie / stone / Jan 27, 1863 // b. rain / March 14. [II; 127. See: 1863 Jan 27, (III: 352 and 353), and, 1863 March 14, (III; 382).]


1839 / early in Nov // [Stat] / (Ref) / Night, great fall of mets—next day, 2 p.m., detonations and falls of stones at Sola, Mexico. / Bull Acad Roy des Sci de Bruxelles, 8/437. [II; 128. Galeotti, H. "Sur les tremblements de terre et les étoiles filantes." Bulletins de l'Académie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, 8 pt. 2 (1841): 437-441, at 437-438.]


[1839 Nov 8. Meteor. Edinburgh. "Twice the size of the moon." Lowe, 136.]


1839 Nov 9 / Antigua—little after daybreak / concussion / detonation / brilliant meteor / Athenaeum 1840/930. [II; 129. "Meteors." Athenæum, 1840 (no. 682; November 21): 930. Greg, 77.]


1839 Nov. 9 / (3 sounds) / (Cut) / Met explosion near Antigua, W.I., at first taken for an earthquake—but meteor had been seen. / 3 explosions— / Am. J. Sci. 39/282 /// 42 // 32 / 159/ 220 / 220 // 443 / 498 / 517 / 619 /533. [II; 130. "Explosion of a Meteor near Antigua, West Indies." American Journal of Science, 39 (1840): 381-382.]


1839 Nov 9-19 / Meteors as counted at Ceylon / small displays / mostly tending southward / Athenaeum 1839/970. [II; 131. Templeton, Robert. "Meteoric Phenomena." Athenæum, 1839 (no. 634; December 21): 969-970.]


1839 / early in Nov // Nopalero, Mexico / 2 p.m. / W. to E / Det. meteor / BA 60. [II; 132. Greg, 77. Galeotti, H. "Sur les tremblements de terre et les étoiles filantes." Bulletins de l'Académie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, 8 pt. 2 (1841): 437-441, at 437-438.]


1839 Nov 12- /This year? / not in Athenaeum for 1839/970 nor '40. [II; 133.]


1839 Nov 13 / Moon-sized meteor / Cherbourg / Athenaeum 1839-76. [II; 134. "Luminous Meteor." Athenæum, 1839 (no. 593; March 9): 76.]


1839 Nov. 29 / before sunset / Large met at Naples, moving Eastward. When over the Adriatic turned back and passed over Naples again./ BA 60. [II; 135. Greg, 77. See: 1809 Nov. 29, (I; 311).]


1839 Nov. 29 / (It.) / Naples / Metite / Phil Mag 4/8/460/ See June 16./ Cosmos, N.S., 3-55. [II; 136. "Un aérolithe." Cosmos, s. 4 (n.s.), 3 (December 21, 1885): 55. This earlier fall of an "aérolithe" remains a doubtful meteorite. Greg, Robert Philips. "Observations on Meteorolites...." London, Edinburgh and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, s. 4 v. 8 (1854): 329-342, 449-463, at 460.]


1839 Dec 11 / q—like aurora / St. Jean-de-Maurienne, Savoy / 3:25 a.m. /Ab. 2 minutes after the shock, the horizon appear[ed] brilliantly lighted so that one could easily distinguish the objects in a room. From 16th of June, qs here had stopped, but had begun again Oct 4. B.A., 1854. [II; 137.1, 137.2. Mallet, 288. "After the shock of the 11th December at 3h 25m A.M., about two minutes later, the horizon appeared brilliantly lighted, so that one could easily distinguish the objects in a room."]


1839 Dec. 13 / evening / Dover / Brilliant meteor / L.T. 19-7-e. [II; 138. "On Friday evening...." London Times, December 19, 1839, p. 7 c. 5.]


1839 Dec 16 / BO / [LT], 3-b / 4 large wolves seen in village of Lilleshall, near Newport. 1 shot and 3 captured. Supposed escaped from a menagerie. [A; 139. "Wednesday last four large wolves were seen...." London Times, December 16, 1839, p. 3 c. 2.]


1839 Dec 18 / Breslau / Fireball / BA 60. [II; 139. Greg, 77.]


1839 Dec 19 / L.T. / At Dover a rapping ghost. Servant girl confessed "after a severe examination". [A; 140. "The Dover Ghost." London Times, December 19, 1839, p. 5 c. 3. "She gave as her reason for the diabolical proceeding that she was fearful to be left alone, and imagined that by such means she would induce the family to remain with her. Since the girl has been discharged, various other proofs of her guilt have come out, and we need hardly add that the knockings have entirely ceased."


1839 Dec. 31 / Upton-on Severn / See Lum objs. [A; 141.]


1840:


1840-41 // Longest sunspot on record / lasted 18 months / Todd, Astronomy, p. 175. [II; 140. Todd, David Peck. Astronomy: The Science of the Heavenly Bodies. New York: P.F. Collier, 1922, 175.]


1840 // Carbon / Tenn. / N / D-73. [II; 141. The note copies information from page 73 of The Book of the Damned. Flight, Walter. "Meteorites and the Origin of Life," Eclectic Magazine, 89, (n.s., v. 26; December 1877): 711-718, at 716]


1840 // See 39. / fireballs at Parma / Rep BA-1860 / Ap 28 / May 2, 23, 31 // Also 41 / Feb 25, 27 / May 8. [II; 142. Greg, 78.]


1840 Jan 2 / [LT], 3-c / 3-3-d / Feb 3-5-b / Dec 39? / Comet. [II; 143. Woolhouse, Wesley Stoker Barker. "The New Comet." London Times, January 2, 1840, p. 3 c. 3. "To the Editor of the Times." London Times, January 3, 1840, p. 3 c. 4. "On the 25th of last month...." London Times, February 3, 1840, p. 3 c. 2.  "On the 25th of last month M. Galle, of the Royal Observatory of Berlin, discovered a second comet, in the constellation of the Dragon, near the star E. I is not visible to the naked eye." The comet discovered by Galle, on January 25th, was C/1840 B1. "The New Comet." London Times, December 27, 1839, p. 5 c. 4.]


1840 Jan 2-3 / A great number of meteors,at Gand, and a bright aurora at Geneva. / Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc., 13-501. [II; 144. Kirkwood, Daniel. "On the Meteors of January 2nd." Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 13 (1873): 501-502.]


1840 Jan 2 / See Jan 2, 1839. / N.M. / unusual Quadrantids / E. Mec 74-446. [II; 145. ("The Quadrantid Meteors." English Mechanic, 74 (1902): 446). See: 1839 Jan 2, (II; 6).]


1840 Jan 2-3 / See Jan 1, 1842. [II; 146. See: 1842 Jan 1, (II; 421).]


1840 Jan 8 /  p.m. / det met / probably exploded over the German Ocean / BA 60. [II; 147. Greg, 77.]


1840 Jan 8 / Meteor / Denmark / N.M. / C.R. 10-119. [II; 148. "M. E. Robert écrit relativement à un météore...." Comptes Rendus, 10 (1840): 119.]


1840 Jan. 8 / 10 p.m. / Donegal / Ireland / q and crackli[ng] in air and detonations / BA '54. [II; 149. Mallet, 292.]


1840 Jan 8 / (q) / Comrie / and a crackling sound in the air / Edin New P. J 36/73 / Others compared the sound to firing of cannons. / Mr Milne lists and gives details of 18 other shocks in 1840 and 1841. / especially mentioning explosions or crackling sound "in the air" upon Jan 8, 1840, and April 21 and Sept 12, 1841—explosions last instance heard at sea were mistaken for cannon fire. [II; 150.1, 150.2. Milne, David. "Notices of Earthquake-Shocks in Great Britain...." Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 36 (1843-1844): 72-86, 362-376, at 72-86. "In another locality, a crackling noise was said to have been heard in the air, and was compared to that which occasionally accompanies the aurora borealis," (page 73). ""Explosion, or crackling sounds in the air, are related under dates 8th January 1840, 21st April and 12th September 1841. This phenomenon is the more reamrkable, as the reports were, on the last of these occasions, heard at sea, and were mistaken for the firing of cannon, so that they could not be confounded with the subterranean noise, which also accompanies the shocks," (page 85).]


1840 Jan 30 / 3 a.m. / q and loud report at St. Louis / (N.M.) / Niles Nat. Register, Feb. 22. [II; 151. "Earthquake." Niles' Weekly Register, 57 (February 22, 1840): 416.]


1840 Feb 2 / Volc eruption / Moluccas / See 14th. / Niles Nat. Register 59-1. [II; 152. "Destruction of Ternate by an earthquake." Niles' Weekly Register, 59 (September 5, 1840): 1. The Gamalama volcano.]


1840 Feb. 2-14 / Volc and q's / Ternate, Java / N.M. / C.R. 70-878. [II; 153. Backer, 881. The Gamalama volcano.]


1840 Feb 6 / Brussels / Fireball / SW to NW / BA 60. [II; 154. Greg, 78.]


1840 Feb 6 / Fireball / Sandwich Islands / BA 60. [II; 155. Greg, 77.]


1840 Feb. 7 / a little before midnight / Volc eruption near Baku, on the Caspian / Timbs 1841-257. [II; 156. "Earthquake at Mount Ararat in 1840." Timbs' Year-book of Facts in Science and Art, 1842, 247-249.]


1840 Feb. 8 / Copenhagen / Fireball / BA 60. [II; 157. Greg, 78.]


1840 Feb 14 / q—deluge / Moluccas / violent q and deluge from sky / Had been volc. on Feb. 2. / Niles Nat. Register 59-1. [II; 158. "Destruction of Ternate by an earthquake." Niles' Weekly Register, 59 (September 5, 1840): 1. The Gamalama volcano.]


1840 Feb. 17 / Berne / Fireball / BA 60. [II; 159. Greg, 78.]


[1840 Feb. 25. Wrong date. See: 1841 Feb. 25, (II; 160).]


1840 Mar. 4 / Assam / q and eclipse of sun. / (ordinary?) / BA '54. [II; 161. Mallet, 293. Hannay. "Memoranda of Earthquakes and other remarkable occurrences in Upper Assam, from January 1839 to September 1843." Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 12 (1843): 907-909, at 907.]


1840 March 14 / The unknown footprints of B.D. in Athenaeum of [March 14] from Perth Courier. [A; 142. The note refers to information from chapter 28 of The Book of the Damned. "Unknown Animal." Athenæum, 1840 (no. 646; March 14): 220. "Singular Animal." Perthshire Courier, March 5, 1840, p. 3 c. 4.]


1840 Mar 15 / Great met / Princeton and New Haven / BA 60-78. [II; 162. Greg, 78.]


1840 March 17 / Meteor / Canada / "Since said to be a false account." / BA 60. [II; 163. Greg, 78.]


[1840 March 21-22. Wrong date. See: 1841 March 21-22, (I; 164).]


1840 March 22 / q— magnetic / Q. / Annecy, in Savoy / 23, many villages destroyed in Burmah. These days magnetic perturbations at Prague. / BA '54. [II; 165. Mallet, 294.]


1840 Mar. 24 / Grain / Rajkit, India / in storm / D-65. [II; 166. The note copies information from page 65 of The Book of the Damned. "Abstract of the Proceedings of the Tenth Meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science." American Journal of Science, 41 (1841): 40-68, at 40. "Col. Sykes communicated the contents of a letter from India...." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1840, Notices and Abstracts, 44-45. "The genus and species was not immediately recognizable by some botantists, to whom it was shown, but it was thought to be either a spartium or a vicia." The place of the fall is identified at "Rajket," in "Kattywar," India, (not Rajkit); so, this probably is now the city of Rajkot, Kathiawar, India.]


1840 March 24 / 7 p.m. / Mobile, Ala. / Tornado. / Finley's Rept. [II; 167. Finley, 3.]


1840 Ap. 5 / Volc eruption / Mindanao, Philippines / ashes, great showers / 7 N and 121 East / also 300 miles N-east of 1st position (two ships) / A. J. Sci., 40-198. [II; 168. "Volcanic Ashes." American Journal of Science, 40 (1840-1841): 198. The Ragang volcano, on Mindanao, was in eruption from January 20 to April 5, 1840.]


1840 Ap. 5 / Ship Niantic / 60 miles from Mindanao (Philippines) / Year Book 1842-245 / 2 a.m., ashes ab one hour / fell occasionally for several days / (also on a ship 300 [miles] away). [II; 169. "Volcanic Ashes at Sea." Timbs' Year-book of Facts in Science and Art, 1842, 245.]


1840 Ap. 24 / Aurora / Proc Roy Irish Acad 1/451. [II; 170. "The following note, by John Ball...." Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, 1 (June 8, 1840): 451-454, (illustrations).]


1840 Ap. 28 / Parma / SE to NW / large slow meteor / BA 60. [II; 171. Greg, 78.]


[1840 Ap. 29, 30. Wrong dates. See: 1849 Ap. 29, 30, (II; 172).]


1840 May 2 / Parma / Fireball / BA 60. [II; 173. Greg, 78.]


1840 May 7 / 2 p.m. / Natchez, Miss / Tornado. / Finley's Rept. [II; 174. Finley, 3.]


1840 May 9 / Kirghiz Steppes, Tartary / Metite / BA '60-78 / Karakol, Siberia / (F). [II; 175. Greg, 78. Fletcher, 101. This is the Karakol meteorite.]


1840 May / A / Toronto / A.J.S. 40/337. [II; 176. Aurora. "Abstract of the Proceedings of the Tenth Meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science." American Journal of Science, 40 (1840-1841): 308-345, at 337.]


1840 May 13 / Albany, N.Y. / 3 a.m. / Det. Met. / BA 60. [II; 177. Greg, 78.]


1840 May 13 / ab 3 a.m. / Great meteor / Conn and adjoining states / A. J. Sci 39-382. [II; 178. Herrick, Edward Claudius. "Splendid Meteoric Fire-Ball."American Journal of Science, 39 (1840): 382-383. Greg, 78.]


1840 May 13, 29 / 2 mets / U.S. / BA 60-78. [II; 179. Greg, 78.]


1840 May 22 / Violent eruption of Guteer, in Java / Athenaeum 1840-1014. [II; 180. "Eruption in Java." Athenæum, 1840 (no. 686; December 19): 1014. The Guntur volcano.]


1840 May 23 / Parma / Fireball / BA 60. [II; 181. Greg, 78.]


1840 (May 23) / Aurora? / Caraccas, Venezuela / sky clouded / one "star of first magnitude appearing at intervals"—a band of light that flickered and flashed / L. Times, Aug. 14 / Timbs'  Y.B. 1841/266 / CR 13/965. [II; 182. "Extraordinary Meteor Seen in Venezuela." London Times, August 14, 1840, p. 3 c. 3. "Meteor in the Caraccas." Timbs' Year-book of Facts in Science and Art, 1841, 266-267. "M. Cagigal adresse l'extrait d'un journal...." Comptes Rendus, 13 (1841): 965.]


1840 May 24 / 3 a.m. / volc / Goentoer, Java / N.M. / C.R. 70-878. [II; 183. Backer, 881. The Guntur volcano.]


1840 May 25 / Ext. tide / Lake Erie / and meteor, 29th / C.R. 12-450. [II; 184. "M. de Castelnau adress quelques détails..." Comptes Rendus, 12 (1841): 449-450.]


1840 May 27 / L.T., 7-a. [II; 185. (1840 May 27 / London Times, 7-a.). Police Court reports; see if "Ext." item is listed in Palmer's Index for this date???]


1840 May 29 / U.S. / large met / BA 60. [II; 186. Greg, 78.]


1840 May 31 / Parma / S to N / Fireball / BA 60. [II; 187. Greg, 78.]


1840 (June 12) / Uden, Brabant, Holland / Metite / BA '60 / (F). [II; 188. Fletcher, 101. This is the Uden meteorite. Greg, 78.]


1840 period of June / Philosophy of Mysterious Agents / E.C. Rogers (YRD) p. 260 / Home of Joseph Proctor, a miller, village of Willington near railway running from Newscastle to North Shields. A room—occupants see bluish lights and ghostly appearances and swoon. Story here of experiences of an investigator. / See 1835//. etc. [A; 143.1, 143.2. Rogers, Edward Coit. Philosophy of Mysterious Agents, Human And Mundane. Boston: J. P. Jewett, 1853, 260-263.][The Haunting of Willington Mill: The Truth Behind England’s Most Enigmatic Ghost Story, by Michael J Hallowell and Darren W Ritson, The History Press, 2011.][Howitt, William. The haunted house at Willington, Northumberland : a metrical legend. Chap books ; v.7, no.1. William Howitt 1792-1879. 2nd ed., adorned with numerous engravings.. North Shields: Printed for the Booksellers 1849; copies at BL and University of Minnsota. 36 pp.]


1840 June 20-28 / July 2 / July 6 and 8 / [July] 27 // Armenia / Great q. [BA] '11. [II; 189. Milne, 706. Under July 27, 1840, Milne notes: "This and the three preceding entries may be components of one megaseism."]


1840 June 23 / [LT]. 7-a / Spon. Comb. [A; 144. "Spontaneous Combustion." London Times, June 23, 1840, p. 7 c. 1. "Mr. Marsh, chymist, connected with the Royal Arsenal, recently discovered that it is an invariable rule with iron which has remained for a considerable time under water, when reduced to small grains, or to an impalpable powder, to become red-hot, and ignite any object with which it may come in contact. This he experienced by scraping some corroded metal from a gun, which ignited the paper containing it, and burnt a hole in his pocket. The knowledge of this fact may be useful in accounting for spontaneous fires, the origin of which has never been traced."]


1840 July 2-6 // (q and water?) / q / Mt Ararat / and immense floods of water / T Y. Book 41/257 / but see 42-248. [II; 190.  "Earthquake at Mount Ararat in 1840." Timbs' Year-book of Facts in Science and Art, 1841, 256-257. "Earthquake at Mount Ararat in 1840." Timbs' Year-book of Facts in Science and Art, 1842, 247-249. The "floods" were the result of snow and glacial ice dislodged by the earthquake. Mallet, 295-296.]


1840 July 17 / In period of q's / Armenia / 6 and 8 and 27 / BA 11 / See 2-6. [II; 191. Milne, 706.]


1840 July 17 / (See [Note cut off].) / stonefall at Cereseto / Rept BA 1860-78 / Phil Mag 4-8-460 / See 1868. [II; 192. Greg, 78. Greg, Robert Philips. "Observations on Meteorolites...." London, Edinburgh and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, s. 4 v. 8 (1854): 329-342, 449-463, at 460. Fletcher, 101. This is the Cereseto meteorite. See: 1868 July 17, (III; 1416).]


1840 July 17 / 7 a.m. / '40 / Loud detonation at Milan, Metite fell at Cereseto. / Athenaeum 1840-1013. [II; 193. "Fall of Aerolites at Milan." Athenæum, 1840 (no. 686; December 19): 1013. "On the 17th of July at seven o'clock in the morning, a loud detonation was heard, resembling a peal of thunder; and near Golosecca three luminous projectiles were observed, proceeding towards Somma, from east to west. The sound of the explosion extended for twenty or thirty miles around Milan. The largest aerolite was found near Ceresato, a village in the neighbourhood, having penetrated twenty inches into the earth. It weighed 10 lb. 2 oz. The others were of smaller size, and fell near the larger one, but they have not been found."]


1840 July 22 / metite / ab 8 a.m. / Great met seen in [Milan] / said fallen near Milan / C.R. 11/244 / See 17th. [II; 194. "Aérolithe tombé le 17 juillet à 20 lieues à l'ouest de Milan." Comptes Rendus, 11 (1840): 243-244. The dateline of a newspaper extract was July 22, but the article refers to the meteoric phenomena on July 17. See: 1840 July 17, (II; 192).]


1840 July 28th to 29th / by H.M.S. Erebus / S. Lat 47° / E Long 97° / Great numbers of meteors in a gale / BA 65-122. [II; 195. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1864-65." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1865, 57-142, at 122. Ross, James Clark. A Voyage of Discovery and Research in the Southern and Antarctic Regions, during the Years 1839-43. London: John Murray, 1847, v. 1, 98 & 333. "The gale continued all night with a heavy cross sea: there was much lightning to the eastward; meteors in great numbers were seen darting about in all directions, and the whole aspect of the sky proclaimed a convulsion or disturbance of the atmosphere of an unusual character...." This meteor shower was associated with the Piscis Austrinids but could have been any one of several observed in the southern hemisphere at the end of July, (such as the Southern Delta Aquarilids or Alpha Capriconids).]


1840 July 30 / Vienna / met train / 15 minutes / BA 60. [II; 196. Greg, 78.]


[1840 / ab Aug. Wrong date. See: 1847 Aug 13, (II; 197). "Extraordinary Flight of Insects." London Daily News, August 16, 1847, p. 3 c. 5. There is no reference to ladybirds in this article for 1840, however Fort may have been searching for similar phenomena in other years.]


1840 Aug 2 / Frankfort / Fireball / BA 60. [II; 198. Greg, 78.]


1840 Aug 3 / France / Fireball / BA 60. [II; 199. Greg, 78.]


1840 Aug 3 / 9:30 p.m. / Meteor seen at Tamerville, near Valognes, France, and said set fire on a farm. / C.R. 111-292 / The farm buildings on fire one hour later. [II; 200. "M. Vérusmor écrit de Cherbourg relativement à un incendie...." Comptes Rendus, 11 (1840): 292-293.]


1840 Aug 3 / Farmhouse at Tamerville, near Valognes—(La Manche), burned. Six witnesses told of having seen a meteor going in the direction of the house and of the fire immediately breaking out. / Mirror 36-160. [II; 201. "The Gatherer." The Mirror of Literature, Amusement, and Instruction, 36 (1840): 160. "A farm at Tamerville, near Valognes, in the Manche, was burnt on the 3rd of August, by the fall of a meteor, or shooting star. Six witnesses affirmed the fact of having seen the meteoric body going in the direction of the house, and the conflagration breaking out immediately after; but there were no means of proving that it actually hit the building."]


1840 Aug 7 / Eng / whirl / Times, Aug 14. [II; 202. "A Whirlwind." London Times, August 14, 1840, p. 3 c. 3. "A singular occurrence took place on Friday afternoon last at Uffculme, in this county. A field of wheat of between six and seven acres in extent had been cut and set up in stacks, and carried one of the sheaves to a height of several hundred feet in the air. What makes the matter the more remarkable is, that one part of the field was not in the least affected by it, while in every other part it carried everything before it, tearing the branches from the trees, and carrying them a considerable distance into the air. Within a short distance of the spot the weather was perfectly calm, but at Sandford, about four miles distant, there was a thunder-storm and a heavy fall of rain, which lasted for two hours without intermission.—Western Luminary."]


1840 Aug 7 / Naples / Fireball / BA 60. [II; 203. Greg, 78.]


1840 Aug 9 / q / Conn. / attrib by some persons to a meteor / Am J. Sci 39/335 / See Ap 12, '37. / See Nov. 9, 1810. [II; 204. "Earthquake in Connecticut, &c." American Journal of Science, 39 (1840): 335-342, at 336. "Some persons have been disposed to attribute this earthquake to the explosion of a meteor." Brigham, William T. "Volcanic Manifestations in New England." Memoirs Read Before the Boston Society of Natural History, 2 (1871/1878): 1-28, at 17-18. See: 1837 Ap. 12, (I; 2194), and, 1810 Nov 9, (I; 308).]


1840 Aug 9-10 / 10-11 // at Parma / 536 mets counted only in one quarter of the sky. / C.R. 11-406. [II; 205. "M. Arago communique l'extrait d'une Lettre de M. Cola...." Comptes Rendus, 11 (1840): 406.]


1840 Aug / about 1840 // Ladybirds / Brighton / Times Index. [II; 206. As there are no references to "ladybirds" in Palmer's Index, in 1840, (but, two relevant references in 1847), Fort may only have written this note to prompt a search for any articles in the London Times during this time period. See: "1847 August 16, etc.," (II; 1137).]


1840 Aug 13 / afternoon / Woodbridge, Conn. / Tornado / Finley's Rept. [II; 207. Finley, 3.]


1840 Aug 13 / Fireball / Peru / BA 60. [II; 208. Greg, 78.]


1840 (Aug 15) / Knightsford Bridge / Aurora / 10 p.m. / several brilliant columns shooting up in northern horizon / several meteors / L.T., Aug 19-6-e. [II; 209. "Aurora Borealis." London Times, August 19, 1840, p. 6 c. 5. "We have had a very early visitation of this beautiful phenomenon. On Saturday night at Knightsford-bridge the northern lights were distinctly visible for a short time. At about 10 o'clock the lights were most distinct, and at thathour several brilliant columns of light were seen shooting up from the northern horizon, The phenomenon, however, was very evanescent. At about the same time several beautiful meteors were seen in the atmosphere. These have been rather numerous during the late hot weather.—Worchestershire Guardian."]


1840 Aug 15 / Worcestershire / Aurora / and at 10 p.m., when most distant, several meteors / L.T. 19-6-e. [II; 210. "Aurora Borealis." London Times, August 19, 1840, p. 6 c. 5.]


1840 Aug 16 / Toronto / met / BA 60-78. [II; 211. Greg, 78.]


1840 Sept 2 / 8:15 p.m. / Along Rhone q and "abundance of inflamed gases["] from river marshes / BA 54-298. [II; 212. Mallet, 298.]


1840 Sept 4 / [LT], 3-f / Sleeper / Ext. [A; 145. "The Sleeping Phenomenon." London Times, September 4, 1840, p. 3 c. 6. "In consequence of its being reported that this unfortunate object of public curiosity was deceased, a friend of ours recently went to Deighton and made inquiries, and visited the house in which he still continues to vegetate. His name is Thomas Bradley, aged 22 years, and he has had two somniferous attacks previous to the present one. The first lasted but a few weeks, the second during a period of 40 weeks, and the present sleep has now continued exactly 52 weeks yesterday  (Friday). He had had more nourishment administered to him within these last three months than previously, and his personal appearance seems improved. He has within the last mentioned period exhibited some scintillations of returning faculties, but has again relapsed. During his apparent approach to sensation, he is stated to have uttered some words, but so incoherently and indistinctly as to be unitelligible. He continued in the same postur—viz., reclining partly on his left side, with one leg straight and the other crossed over it at nearly a right angle from the knee. This uncommon object has baffled the skill of every medical gentleman who has yet seen him. It is, however, the united opinion of the profession that if he returns to sensation his existence will soon after terminate.—Halifax Guardian."]


1840 Sept 9 / [LT], 7-b / Meteors at Paris. [II; 213. "Falling Stars." London Times, September 9, 1840, p. 7 c. 2. "The pupils at the Observatory at Paris carefully watched the number of meteors during the nights of the 9th and 10th of August. Until midnight the number did not exceed 18 per hour, or nearly a mean of what are observed on ordinary nights; but at 3 o'clock M. [Félix-Victor] Mauvais counted 35 in one hour. The greater proportion fell almost parallel to the Milky Way, which at this time extended from the zenith towards the west, a little inclined to the south."]


1840 Sept 21-22 / Mets at Geneva / very numerous and very brilliant / C.R. 11-1061 / They came from northern sky. / Aurora at Brussels, Italy, Germany. [II; 214. Wartmann, Louis François "Observations relatives aux etoiles filantes." Comptes Rendus, 11 (1840): 1060-1062.]


1840 Oct / Concord, New Hampshire / det met / stone said found / BA 60-78. [IIl 215. Greg, 78-79.]


1840 Oct / metite / Concord, N. Hampshire / examined at Yale College Laboratory / declared to be a meteorite / no nickel in it / (scoriaceous) / no metallic points / A. J. Sci 2/4/356 / evidence of having been intensely heated / said be identical with Bishopville stone. [II; 216. Silliman, Benjamin D. "Description of a Meteoric Stone which fell in Concord, New Hampshire, in October, 1846." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 4 (1847): 353-356, (illustration). Altho said to be a meteorite by Silliman, this small object has not been otherwise identified. The sample given to Silliman for his chemical examination weighed only 24 grams.]


1840 Oct 5 / 9:34 p.m. / Dublin / great met / BA 58/156. Large met, bright as moon / B.A., 60. [II; 217. Powell, Baden. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1857-58." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1858, Reports on the State of Science, 137-157, at 156-157. Greg, 78.]


1840 Oct 17 / Red rain (earth) / Valence, etc., France / C. Rendus 23/832 / Date right? [II; 218. Seignobos, Charles. "Sur une pluie colorée en rouge, observée dans le départment de l'Ardèche." Comptes Rendus, 23 (1846): 832-833. The red rain began about noon and lasted two hours, on October 17, at Lamastre (Ardèche); and, a chemical analysis of a sample from Verpillière identified the red matter as ochre. "Déjà on a fait examiner au laboratoire de la Faculté des Science de Grenoble ces prétendues taches de sang; elles sont formées d'une argile calcaire très-ferrugineuse ou ocre."]


1840 Oct 18 / Met / Paris / BA 60. [II; 219. Greg, 78.]


1840 Oct 19 / aurora and q / q in Bavaria and an aurora in Italy and France / BA '54/298. [II; 220. Mallet, 298.]


1840 Oct. 20 / Severe shock in Conn. Had been slighter shock several weeks before. / Niles Nat. Reg. 59-144. [II; 221. "Earthquake." Niles' Weekly Register, 59 (October 31, 1840): 144.]


1840 Oct 28 / III / [Heavy] / q / Greece / BA 11. [II; 222. Milne, 706.]


1840 Oct 29 / Met. / Brussels / BA 60. [II; 223. Greg, 78.]


1840 Oct 30 / q in Zante / See Ansted's work on Ionian Isles, pp. 415-19. [II; 224. Ansted, David Thomas. The Ionian Islands in the Year 1863. London. Wm. H. Allen, 1863, 415-419.]


1840 Oct 30-Nov 6 / 100 shocks at least / Zante / Athenaeum 1840-1014. [II; 225. "Earthquake at Zante." Athenaeum, 2, no. 686 (December 19, 1840): 1014. "Letters from Corfu announce that the unfortunate island of Zante has suffered from an earthquake. The first shock was on the 30th of October, but more than a hundred shocks followed during the week. The town is said to be as much a ruin as if it had been bombarded, and a small island in the harbour on which a few fishermen resided, has disappeared altogether. Not more than nine lives are known to have been lost, but the damage done is estimated at 1,500,000 dollars."]


1840 Nov 2 / Jorieux / France / Meteor / BA 60. [II; 226. Greg, 78.]


1840 Nov 11 / (q and water) / Severe shock at Phil[adelphia] accompanied by an unusually heavy swell in the Delaware, but members of Amer Phil Soc could not determine whether caused by q or a meteor. / See Nov 9, 1810. [II; 227. Mallet, 300. Milne, David. "Notices of Earthquake-Shocks in Great Britain...." Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 36 (1843-1844): 362-376, at 365. "11th November 1840.—'At Philadelphia, a severe shock occurred at night. It was accompanied by a great and unusually sudden swell in the Delaware.'" The meteor and earthquake discussion concerned phenomena observed on November 14, 1840. Brigham, William T. "Volcanic Manifestations in New England." Memoirs Read Before the Boston Society of Natural History, 2 (1871/1878): 1-28, at 18. See: 1810 Nov 9, (I; 308), and, 1840 Nov. 14, (II; 231).]


[1840 Nov 11-12 /] 1841 Aug 11-12 / Nothing of ext. mets. in Parma / C.R. 13-1035. [II; 358. "Il résulte de diverses communications...." Comptes Rendus , 13 (1841): 1035.]


1840 Nov. 11, 12, 13 / Mets watched for in Washington, but none seen. / Proc. Amer. Phil Soc 1-301. [II; 228. "Stated Meeting, November 20." Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 1 (1838-1840): 295-301, at 301, c.v. Dr. Patterson.]


1840 Nov. 12 and Dec 15 / Volc / Gedeh, Java / N.M. / C.R., 70-878. [II; 229. Backer, 881. The Gede-Pangrango volcano.]


1840 Nov. 12-13 / Nothing of ext. mets in Parma / C.R. 13-1035. [II; 230. "Il résulte de diverses communications...." Comptes Rendus , 13 (1841): 1035.]


1840 Nov. 14 / ab. 9 p.m. / Philadelphia? / Shock and sound attributed to exploding meteor. / Proc Amer Phil Soc, 1-301. [II; 231. "Stated Meeting, November 20." Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 1 (1838-1840): 295-301, at 300-301.]


1840 Nov 17 / Aurora over Comrie / Scotland / vast cloud form [illustration] in sky at night / L.T., Nov 25/7/c, 1840. [II; 232. "Remarkable Phenomenon at Comrie." London Times, November 25, 1840, p. 7 c. 3. "On Tuesday evening, the 17th instant, between 7 and 8 o'clock, an interesting appearance was observed in the sky over this place. From a semicircular small black cloud on the verge of the western horizon, at the N.W. by W., all the other clouds in view spun out into long dark streaks, diverging like spokes from the nave of a wheel, and after extending in almost unbroken lines over the whole sky, again converged in an exactly similar form on another small black semicircular cloud in the opposite point of the horizon. At each focus between the spokes the light of the aurora borealis was very distinct, leaving no doubt as to the cause of this unusual arrangement of the clouds, and contrasting beautifully with the dark dresses of the present fleecy partners of these 'merry dancers.' The western focus was at first very brilliant, and while it continued so the other was more faint. By and by this relative brightness of the two ends was entirely reversed, and the eastern had its 'turn' of display for about half an hour, after which the whole scene gradually broke up—the clouds, like soldiers relieved from the constraint of parade, dispersing themselves into their usual amorphous groups over the sky. This phenomenon establishes at least two points in meteorology. 1st. That the meridional lines of clouds often observed in the day time extending across the heavens from north to south, as well as other directions, without, of course, any visible display of the aurora, are nevertheless the effect of this electrical or magnetic influence, and not, as some have supposed, of currents in the air. 2d. That the height at which the aurora occasionally displays its fantastic gambols may coincide with, or extend to, that of the clouds in the atmosphere, although at other times its stage appears to be much more elevated. The writer of this note some years ago had an opportunity of calculating the altitude of the apex of a splendid auroral dome, consisting entirely of lights of many various hues, that then appeared near the zneith. The calculation was made from simultaneous observations, taken at Stirling and Comrie, and gave the height at 112 miles above the surface of the earth.—Scotsman." At Comrie, Mallet records the shocks of earthquakes on November 12, 13, 16, and 24, 1840; and, previously, for October 23, 1839, in connection to phenomena continuing into 1841, he notes: "An electrical discharge was supposed to take place at the time of the shock. Aurora borealis and shooting stars were more frequent than usual in September and October," and, "A thin fleecy cloud was often observed hovering over the Lednock valley, which was considered to be the centre of disturbance." Mallet, 289-291, 300. (Milne, D. Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 32-108; 35-137; vols, 32, 33, 34, 35, 46; Phil Mag 20-242; BA 41, 42, 43, 44. Fix.) Davison, Charles. A History of British Earthquakes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1924, 90. "On  Nov. 17, 2 earth-sounds were heard by Mr Drummond at Comrie." Drummond was a shoemaker at Comrie who kept an extensive record of its numerous shocks.]


1840 Nov., before 19th / Portstewart and Derry coast of Ireland / bet 3 and 4 a.m. / A shock as of earthquake or storm or firing of guns at sea. 20 minutes later, a flash of lightning and sound of thunder, that been similar phe in Scotland. / L.T.,Nov. 19, 1840 / (Portstewart). [II; 233.1, 233.2. "Earthquake." London Times, November 19, 1840 , p. 4 c. 6. "The shock was followed in about 20 minutes by a most vivid flash of sheet lightning, and almost at the same instant a terrific crash of thunder shook every house in the town."]


[1840 Nov 25 /] 1840 Dec 12 / [LT], 2-f / Singular phe in Rutland. [II; 236. "Singular Phenomenon." London Times, December 12, 1840, p. 2 c. 6. "Singular Phenomenon." Stamford Mercury, December 11, 1840, p. 2 c. 2. "On the 25th of November, at 9½ a.m., the singular phenomenon of a Solar arc of Frost-bow was observed in that part of the sky where a Rainbow would naturally appear, but no rain was falling at the time; and the arch was much broader and fainter than the Rainbow, of a whitish hue, and more distinct towards the horizon than the vertex; the morning was foggy, and the temperature 31°." ]


1840 Dec 4 / Zurich / Meteor / BA 60. [II; 234. Greg, 78.]


1840 Dec 6 ; 0 a.m. / by an astronomer of Reimes (sic) 10 sunspots / Y.B. 41-262, quoting Times of Dec 12. [II; 235. "Spots on the Sun's Disc." Timbs' Year-book of Facts in Science and Art, 1841, 262. "An astronomer of Rennes...." London Times, December 12, 1840, p. 5 c. 2. "On the 6th of December, at 9 o'clock 59 minutes 26 seconds in the morning, I observed on the sun's disc ten spots, seven of which were covered with nebulous appearances. Of the three placed towards the south the largest contained twice the diameter of the earth. Of the three which were placed at the east, one had the form of a pyramid turned upside down. Of the four placed at the west, one had the same form; the fourth resembled the bow of a circle. I had never seen before a similar phenomenon."]


[1840 Dec 12. Wrong date. See: 1840 Nov 25, (II; 236).]


1840 Dec 21 / Worcester / Aurora / in North horizon / streaks of light darting toward horizon / L.T., Dec 25. [II; 237. "On Monday night...." London Times, December 25, 1840, p. 4 c. 6. "On Monday night, between 8 and 9 o'clock, the lovers of natural phenomena in this city were gratified by beholding a splendid display of the aurora borealis, beautiful streaks of light darting from the horizon and extending nearly to the zenith, constantly making their appearance from the north-north-west to north-north-east. he effect was heightened by the opposite quarter of the heavens being obscured by a stratum of dense black clouds.—Worcester Chronicle." "Aurora Borealis." Worcestershire Chronicle, December 23, 1840, p. 2. c. 4.]


1840 Dec 24 / [LT]. 2-e / 3 large spots on sun. [II; 238. "Three very large dark spots...." London Times, December 24, 1840, p. 2 c. 5. "Three very large dark spots may now be seen traversing the sun's face, one of which is rather of extraordinary magnitude, and is just situate a littled below the centre of the disc, moving rapidly to the right. At 9 a.m., of Tuesday, they apparently formed an equilateral triangle on the sun's face. The largest may be distinctly seen without the aid of a telescope, by only having the eye screened with a piece of coloured glass."]


1840 Dec 25 - p // Moravia, etc. / Meteor / BA 60. [II; 239. Greg, 78.]


1840 Dec 26 / Insects / Niles National Register of—fall of insects with snow near Pottsville, Pa. [II; 240. "Phenomenon." Niles' Weekly Register, 59 (December 26, 1840): 272. "We are assured by several persons residing in the neighbourhood of Llewellyn, in the county, that in many places the snow is literally covered with insects which fell with the snow on Sunday last. Pottsville Emporium."]


1840 Dec. 27 / Mitau / Meteor / BA 60. [II; 241. Greg, 78.]

 
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