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Last updated: July 15, 2021.

Charles Hoy Fort's Notes


1870


1870:


1870 / H.H. / Patchogue / See 1867??. [A; 578. See: 1865, (A; 456); 1866, (A; 468); 1867, (A; 502); 1868, (A; 520); and, 1869, (A; 541).]


1870 / Note 1 / Body in Philadelphia burial ground / See Oct 27, 1872. [A; 579. See: 1872 Oct 27, (A; 789).]


1870 / The body at Blandford Churchyard, Peterburg, Va. / See Oct 27, 1888. [A; 580. See: 1888 Oct. 27, (B; 964 & 965).]


1870 / Body of Mrs. W. I. Peters / Frankfort, Ind. / See Dec. 22, 1888. [A; 581. See: 1888 Dec 22, (B; 993).]


1870 / South Bend, Ind. / Body of Anna Rees / See Aug 11, 1872. [A; 582. See: 1872 Aug 11, (A; 776).]


1870 / A. W. Underwood / Negro boy / Paw Paw / fire breath / See May 1, 1880. [A; 583. See: 1880 May 1, (B; 289), and, 1882 Dec 1, (B; 408).]


1870 / Dymoch Hall, Derbyshire / strange murders / not said this year / See March 15, 1901. [A; 584. See: 1901 March 15, (C; 490), and, 1901 June 30, (C; 500).]


1870 / Sounds and ghosts in a house in Deerfield, Portage Co., Ohio / See Dec 13, 1873. [A; 585. See: 1873 Dec 13, (A; 870).]


1870 / H.H. / Gardner, Kansas / See March 7, 1874. [A; 586. See: 1874 March 7, (A; 909).]


1870 / Mollie Fancher / Cor[ner] Gates Ave and Downing Street, Brooklyn. [A; 587. Dailey, Abram Hoagland. Mollie Fancher, the Brooklyn Enigma. Brooklyn: Eagle Book, 1894, 8.]


1870, 1st part / Lightningholes / Mass. / Boston Jour Chem. 5/15. * [A; 588. "Freaks of Lightning." Boston Journal of Chemistry, 5 (August 1870): 15.]


1870 / Something like a meteor but watched for 16 minutes over Persia. / Jour. B.A.A., 19-197. [IV; 57. "Report of the Meeting of the Association Held on February 24, 1909...." Journal of the British Astronomical Association, 19 (1908-1909): 191-200, at 197.]


1870 / Auroras at Vendome in 1870. / C.R. 72/253. [IV; 58. Renou, E. "Aurores boréales observées à Vendome en 1870." Comptes Rendus, 72 (1871): 253-256.]


1870 / Mets of Malta. / BA 74-294. [IV; 59. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, George Forbes, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors during the year 1873-74." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1874, 269-359, at 294-297.]


1870 / Winter / Black mold / Sweden. * [IV; 60. See: 1870 Jan 31, (IV; 76). The black snow that fell at "Arlovetz," in the vicinity of Smila, Ukraine, (not in Sweden).]


1870 Jan / A light that had been seen upon the Boston and Lowell railroad, as if someone were swinging a lantern. Some laborers upon a handcar had seen it, and threw their car from track thinking an unexpected train was coming. N.Y. Times, Jan 30. [A; 589. "Ghostly Signals at Woburn." New York Times, January 30, 1870, p. 1 c. 5.]


1870 Jan-Feb / Disap "City of Boston" ship / An Reg 1870/22. [A; 590. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 112 (1870): pt. 2, 1-198, at 21-22, cv. "Loss of the Inman Steamer 'City of Boston.'"]


1870 Jan 1 / [London Times of], 10-a / 5-7-d / 11-10-c / 22-5-e / q. / Santa Maura. [IV; 61. "Italy." London Times, January 1, 1870, p. 10 c. 1. "Earthquake at St. Maura." London Times, January 5, 1870 p. 7 c. 4. "The Earthquake at Santa Maura." London Times, January 11, 1870, p. 10 c. 3. "Naval and Military Intelligence." London Times, January 22, 1870, p. 5 c. 5.]


1870 Jan 1 / Mauna Loa / See June, 32. [IV; 62. See: 1832 June 20, (I; 1700). Wood, Harry Oscar. "The Seismic Prelude to the 1914 Eruption of Mauna Loa." Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 5 (1915): 39-51, at 47.]


1870 Jan 3 / [LT], 9-c / Hailstorms / Rome. [IV; 63. "The Œcumenical Council." London Times, January 3, 1870, p. 9 c. 3-4.]


1870 Jan 3 / (It) / Aurora and other phe / Piedmont / C.R., Feb 28, 1870 / Chem News 21-119. [IV; 64. Denza, F. "Aurore boréale et autres phénomènes météorologiques observés dans le Piémont, le 3 janvier 1870." Comptes Rendus, 70 (1870): 465-468. "Chemical Notices from Foreign Sources." Chemical News and Journal of Industrial Science, 21 (March 11, 1870): 118-120, at 119.]


1870 Jan 3 / Auroral display / England / L.T., Feb 5-5-f. [IV; 65. "Auroral Display." London Times, February 3, 1870, p. 5 c. 6. "The Auroral Display." London Times, February 4, 1870, p. 4 c. 4.]


1870 Jan 3 / 6:20 p.m. / by Elger, at Bedford / Glow in northern sky and streamers shooting up. "A very bright and persistent ray extended as far as B. Draconis." / Astro Reg 8-61 / A 6:31, another traced to Gamma Ursae Minoris. [IV; 66. Denning, William Frederick. "The Observing Astronomical Society."Astronomical Register, 8 (March 1870): 59-62, at 60-61.]


1870 Jan 3 / Halifax, England / by Gledhill / Beam7:10 / through Delta Aurigae Geminorum to Dust Zeta Persei to N of Alpha Pegasi through Aquarius / down to w. horizon / ab 5 degrees wide / At 7:20, beam had fallen toward s. horizon and lay through Pleiades, Aries, Androm to the W. / Astro Reg 8-40. [IV; 67.1, 67.2. Gledhill, Joseph. "Observations Made at the Observatory of Mr. E. Crossley, Park Road, Halifax." Astronomical Register, 8 (February 1870): 40-41. "This fine object lay nearly east and west, and extended nearly from horizon to horizon. Its east end did not extend beyond the Twins. Its path lay through δ  [Delta] Geminorum, ι [Iota] Aurigae, ζ [Zeta] Persei, just to north of α [Alpha] Andromedae, through α [Alpha] Pegasi, through Aquarius down to the west horizon."]


1870 Jan 7 / [LT]. 10-a / Abandoned Ship. See / Jan 22 / See Feb 7. [A; 591. "Plymouth, Thursday." London Times, January 7, 1870, p. 10 c. 1. See: 1870 Jan 22,  (A; 602), and, 1870 Feb 7, (A; 593).]


1870 / Great year for missing and abandoned vessels / got nothing from look-ups however. [A; 592.]


1870 Jan / Missing Vessels / [LT], [Jan] 3-4-d / 19-10-e / 20-7-b / 12-10-a / 24-6-c / 29-11-f / 27-4-e(2) / 23-5-a / 6-7-d. [A; 601. "Missing Ships." London Times, January 3, 1870, p. 4 c. 4. "Missing Ship." London Times, January 6, 1870, p. 7 c. 4. "Missing Ship." London Times, January 12, 1870, p. 10 c. 1. "Missing Ship." London Times, January 19, 1870, p. 10 c. 5. "Missing Ship." London Times, January 20, 1870, p. 7 c. 2. "Missing Steamer." London Times, January 24, 1870, p. 6 c. 3. "Missing Ships." London Times, January 27, 1870 p. 4 c. 5. "Missing Ship." London Times, January 29, 1870, p. 11 c. 6. (Sunday Times, January 23, 1870, 23-5-a.)]


1870 Jan 13 / [LT], 4-f / 31-10-c / State of the sun. [IV; 68. "State of the Sun." London Times, January 13, 1870, p. 4 c. 6. Howlett, Frederick. “The Sun.” London Times, March 28, 1870, p. 5 c. 4. “The Sun's Surface.” London Times, March 31, 1870, p. 10 c. 3.]


1870 Jan. 14-15 / night / Shocks / France / Sci Op. 3-82. [IV; 69. "The Week." Scientific Opinion, 3 (January 26, 1870): 81-85, at 82.]


1870 Jan 15 / [LT], 11-f / Venus visible daytime. [IV; 70. "The Planet Venus." London Times, January 15, 1870, p. 11 c. 6.]


1870 Jan 15 / Finsbury / Mdr attrib to devil / An Reg 1870/8. [A; 604. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 112 (1870): pt. 2, 1-198, at 6-8, cv. "Murder in Finsbury."]


1870 Jan 17 / July 16 / Sun and moon above horizon in eclipse? [IV; 71. (Refs??? total eclipse of the moon on January 17, 1870.)]


1870 Jan 19 / Sci Op of / Vesuvius active partly. [IV; 72. "The Week." Scientific Opinion, 3 ( January  19, 1870): 55-58, at 56. "Vesuvius is in a state of partial eruption, belching out smoke and cinders."]


1870 Jan 20 / [LT], 7-e / A myst. hair-cutter in London. [A; 605. "A New Kind of Robbery." London Times, January 20, 1870, p. 7 c. 5.]


[1870 Jan] / BO / Field, Jan. 22, 1870 / Two cors reported capture of humming-bird hawk moths in January. / Feb. 26butterfly caught at Oxford on Feb. 17th. /March 12two cors with one from Eitharn and one from New Wandsworth, telling of very large numbers of ladybirds, "similar in size and colour" to those of preceding summer. Editor says that mild weather had brought them out of hibernation and that no extraordinary. [IV 73.1, 73.2. "Humming-Bird Hawk Moth in January." Field, January 22, 1870, p. 76. Spencer, C. "Butterfly in Winter." Field, February 26, 1870, p. 189. "Ladybirds in February." Field, March 12, 1870, p. 221.]


1870 Jan 22 / (+) / [LT], 9-e / Strange case abandoned vessel / Other cases / See June 6. / See May 3. / Jan 7 / See March 1. / Missing Ship—City of Boston— / Feb. 16-11-c / 26-8-a / March 3-9-c / 4-9-e / 19-8-d / 24-9-e / Ap. 1-8-c / 4-12-c / 5-11-d / 5-10-f / 14-9-c / 28-11-f / 26-12-e. [A; 602.1, 602.2. "Strange Case of Abandonment." London Times, January 22, 1870, p. 9 c. 5. "No news has yet been received of the Long-overdue City of Boston screw steamer...." London Times, February 16, 1870, p. 11 c. 3. "The City of Boston Steamship." London Times, February 26, 1870, p. 8 c. 1. "The City of Boston Steamship." London Times, March 3, 1870, p. 9 c. 3. "The City of Boston." London Times, March 4, 1870, p. 9 c. 5. "The Missing Steamers." London Times, March 19, 1870, p. 8 c. 4. "The City of Boston." London Times, March 24, 1870, p. 9 c. 5. Belcher, Edward. "The City of Boston." London Times, April 1, 1870, p. 8 c. 3. "The City of Boston." London Times, April 4, 1870, p. 12 c. 3. "The City of Boston." London Times, April 5, 1870, p. 10 c. 6. Baker, Charles. "The City of Boston." London Times, April 5, 1870, p. 11 c. 4. "The City of Boston." London Times, April 14, 1870, p. 9 c. 3. "The City of Boston." London Times, April 26, 1870, p. 12 c. 5. Ransford, Henry. "The City of Boston. London Times, April 28, 1870, p. 11 c. 6.]


1870 Jan. 23 / Vizagapatam District, Madras, India / metite / R—Ap. 18, '38 / Met iron—(F). [IV; 74. Brown, J. Coggin. A Descriptive Catalogue of the Meteorites Comprised in the Collection of the Geological Survey of India, Calcutta (On August 1st, 1914)." Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India, 43 (1916): part 2, 149-287, at 244-245. Fletcher, 68. Refer to: 1838 Ap. 18, (I; 2306). This is the Nedagolla meteorite.]


1870 Jan 30 - Feb 1 / Munster and Westphalia / Aurora / C.R. 70/243. [IV; 75. Heis. "La lumière zodiacale observée à Münster, en Westphalie le 30 janvier et le 1er février." Comptes Rendus, 70 (1870): 243-244.]


1870 Jan 31 /Arlovetz, Russia / bet 2 and 4 p.m. / powdery black substance with snow in a gale / Chem News 21-191. Said by M. Feltz, who collected some, that it was arable soil carried from a great distance by the wind. / But it fell like one discharge upon a surface of less than 4 sq. miles. Estimated weight 650 tons. [IV; 76.1, 76.2. "Chemical Notices from Foreign Sources." Chemical News and Journal of Industrial Science, 21 (April 22, 1870): 190-192, at 191. Feltz, Eugene. "Neige Noire." Les Mondes, 22 (April 7, 1870.): 610-611. The black snow that fell at "Arlovetz," in the vicinity of Smila, Ukraine, (then part of "Southern Russia").]


1870 Jan 30 / Ice in Sicily. Coldest in 20 years. / Standard, Feb 17-5-2 / Also ice in Malta. [IV; 77. "Winter in the Sunny Mediterranean." London Standard, February 17, 1870, p. 5 c. 2.]


1870 Jan 31 / Queensland / A cyclone and floodsa river rose five feet in one hour at Clermont"appallinghouses swept awaybridges swept away. / Sydney Morning Herald, Feb. 14, 1870. [IV; 78. "Clermont." Sydney Morning Herald, February 14, 1870, p. 3 c. 1.]


1870 Feb / Missing Vessels / [LT], [Feb] 3-12-c(2) / 1-5-f / 3-12-c / 4-10-e(2) / 4-10-c / 23-5-a / 12-5-b. [A; 598. "Missing Ship." London Times, February 1, 1870, p. 5 c. 6. "Missing Ships." London Times, February 3, 1870, p. 12 c. 3. "Missing Ships." London Times, February 4, 1870, p. 10 c. 5. "Missing Ship." London Times, February 12, 1870, p. 5 c. 2. “Australia” London Times, February 23, 1870, p. 5 c. 1. This last article only mentions a contract for mail steamers, (not any missing ships).]


1870 Feb, March / Fires in churches and schools. [A; 607.]


1870 Feb 1 / Aurora / broad band of light / England / L.T. 3-5-f / appeared in motion from E.N.E. to W.S.W. [IV; 79. "Auroral Display." London Times, February 3, 1870, p. 5 c. 6.]


1870 Feb. 1 / 8 p.m. / Luminous clouds, London / bright aurora south of Ireland / Lloyds' W. Newspaper6th. [IV; 80. "Town and Country Talk." Lloyd's Weekly Newspaper, February 6, 1870, p. 11 c. 5. "A bright aurora was observed in the south of Ireland on Tuesday night, and luminous clouds were visible in London at about eight p.m."]


1870 Feb-March / Moon / Another / second outbreak of another group of spots in Plato by W. R. Birt / E Mec 12/374. [IV; 81. Birt, William Radcliffe. "Lunar Activity." English Mechanic, 12 (no. 302; January 6, 1871): 374.]


1870 Feb 2 / ac to Standard of Feb 3 / Met train, Woolich / related to mark ab in Pegasus / Astro Reg 8-62. [IV; 82. "An Extraordinary Meteor." Astronomical Register, 8 (March 1870): 62. Kettle, C.E. "An Extraordinary Meteor." London Standard, February 4, 1870, p. 6 c. 2. Kettle, C.E. "An Extraordinary Meteor." London Evening Standard, February 4, 1870, p. 3 c. 6. "About seven o'clock, the evening being very clear and the stars bright, a brilliant white meteoric tail shot across the sky, from west to east, but, unlike ordinary meteors, this remained visible for about twenty minutes, and when the first tail began to grow dim a second tail shot out at an angle towards the north, of equal length with the first, but, instead of the light being in one continuous stream, it had a mottled appearance, like a 'mackerel sky.'" "The first tail commenced just underneath Markab, tbe bottom star in the square of Pegasus, which was then near the horizon, and passed considerably beyond the zenith; and, passing through Cygnus, reached as far as Cor Caroli."]


1870 Feb 3 / [LT], 5-f / 4-4-d / 5-5-f / 14-5-f / Aurora. [IV; 83. "Auroral Display." London Times, February 3, 1870, p. 5 c. 6. "The Auroral Display." London Times, February 4, 1870, p. 4 c. 4. "Auroral Display." London Times, February 5, 1870, p. 5 c. 6. "The Aurora Borealis." London Times, February 14, 1870, p. 5 c. 6.]


1870 Feb 7 / [LT], 5-f / Abandoned Vessels. [A; 593. "Abandoned Vessels." London Times, February 7, 1870, p. 5 c. 6.]


1870 Feb 8 / Ancona (It?) / probable det met / See 1805. [IV; 84. Galli, Ignazio. "Raccolta e classificazione di fenomeni luminosi osservati nei terremoti." Bollettino della Società Sismologica Italiana, 14 (1910): 221-448, at 371-372. See: 1805 July 26, (I; 146). Ancône, France.]


1870 Feb 8 / qsnow / from external / 5:20 p.m. / Ancone (?), Peru, shock; preceded by the almost unknown sight of a fall of snow. It fell all day, until 4 p.m. / C.R. 70-502. [IV; 85. Ancône, France, (not in Peru). "M. Le Ministre de L'Instruction Publique transmet à l'Académie les deux documents...." Comptes Rendus, 70 (1870): 501-503.]


[1870 Feb. 8. Wrong date. See: 1872 Feb. 8, (IV; 86).]


[1870 Feb. 10. Wrong date. See: 1870 Feb 14, (IV: 87).]


1870 Feb 11 / Village of Charlestown, Rhode Island / Religio-Phil Jour, Ap. 9, copying from N.Y. Tribune, Feb. 21. / This girl, aged 23, thought to have diedbut physicians and members of family not convinced and thought she was lying in a trance. People around excited. Said that 2,500 had visited the house, to look at the body or the entranced girl. [A; 606.1, 606.2. "Is It a Trance?" Religio-Philosophical Journal, 8 (no. 3; April 9, 1870): 8, (c. 1-2). "Is It a Trance?" New York Tribune, February 21, 1870, p. 5 c. 3. (Not included in "Charlestown, Rhode Island: Deaths 1850-1930."]


1870 Feb 11 / 8:30 p.m. / Auroral arch / Cambridge, England / L.T. 14-5-f. [IV; 88. "The Aurora Borealis." London Times, February 14, 1870, p. 5 c. 6.]


1870 Feb 12 / (N) / like wood ashes in Vermont / Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phil 1876/biol./10. or 1870? ** [IV; 90. "November 7th, 1870." Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 1870, "Biological and Microscopical Department," 10.]


1870 Feb 12-14 / I find no q in Italy. Was one on 8thPeru? [IV; 98. Milne lists the minor earthquake at Ancona, Italy, (not in Peru), on February 8, 1870. Milne, 721. See: 1870 Feb 8, (IV: 84, 85.)]


[1870 Feb 12-13. Wrong date. See: 1870 Feb 13-14, (IV; 99).]


1870 Feb. 13 / N. eye sunspots / C.R. 70-340. [IV; 89. Tremeschini. "Sur deux taches solaires actuellement visibles à l'œil nu." Comptes Rendus, 70 (1870): 340.]


1870 Feb 13 / Very Large sunspot / Ast. Reg 8-93. [IV; 91. "The Observing Astronomical Society." Astronomical Register, 8 (April 1870): 93-96, at 93.]


[1870 Feb 13 /] 1870 Feb 24 / Cornwall / met same as Feb 24, 1871 / Eng Mec 12/540, 570. [IV; 108. "Meteor." English Mechanic, 12 (no. 309; February 24, 1871): 540. "Extracts from Correspondence." English Mechanic, 12 (no. 310; March 3, 1871): 570, cv. "Meteor." George Stedham provides his own observations upon the meteor of February 13, 1871, reported in the previous issue. He adds: “A meteor of great brilliancy was also seen this time in the same position last year.” See: 1871 Feb 13, (IV; 320).]


[1870 Feb 13-14 /] 1870 Feb 12-13 / Comet, Met, Q, sand / Italy / D-231 / C.R. 70/534, 1326. [IV; 99. The note copies information from page 231 of The Book of the Damned. "Correspondance." La Science Pour Tous, 15 (no. 20; April 16, 1870): 159. Denza. "Pluie de sable arrivée en Italie, du 13 au 14 février 1870." Comptes Rendus, 70 (1870): 534-537.  "M. Le Secrétaire Perpétuel fait hommage à l'Académie...." Comptes Rendus, 70 (1870): 1326.]


1870 Feb 13 / Sand and animal matter / Adriatic / Les Mondes 22/516. [IV; 92. "Le P. Denza transmet l'observation suivante...." Les Mondes, 22 (1870): 516.]


1870 Feb 13-14 / BO / night/ Genoaraid of red, earthy substance, containing considerable animal matter. / Cosmos 3/6/318. [IV; 93. "Pluie contenant des matières organiques." Cosmos, s. 3 v. 6 (March 19, 1870): 318.]


1870 Feb. 13-14 / Dustfall / Italy / Zeit Met 5/186. [IV; 94. "Kleinere Mittheilungen." Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, 5 (1870): 186-192, at 186-189.]


1870 Feb 13-14 / Rain and snow mixed with diverse substances fell in Liguria and Piedmont and other parts of Italy. / C.R. 70/1326. [IV; 96. "M. Le Secrétaire Perpétuel fait hommage à l'Académie...." Comptes Rendus, 70 (1870): 1326. "Nella notte del 13 al 14 del passao mese un vento impetuoso...." Rivista Scientifico-Industriale, 2 (1870): 29-30.]


1870 Feb. 13-14 / At Mondovi, when the yellow snow fell, Denza saw lightning and heard thunder. / An. Soc Met de France 1903-77. [IV; 97. Chauveau, Amyr Benjamin. "Notes sur les Chutes de Poussières." Annuaire de la Société Météorologique de France, 51 (May 1903): 69-82, at 77.]


1870 Feb 14 / Yellow rain / blue spherates / Genoa, Italy. / D-29. ** [IV; 95. The note copies information from page 29 of The Book of the Damned. Boccardo, Gerolamo. "(Lettera intorno ad una pioggia terrosa caduta in Genova.)" Atti della Reale Accademia delle scienze di Torino, 5 (March, 1870): 459-462. "A Rain of Solid Matter." Journal of the Franklin Institute, s. 3 v. 60 (1870): 11-12. "A fall of yellow rain." Nature, 2 (June 30, 1870): 166. "Kleinere Mittheilungen." Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, 5 (1870): 186-192, at 186-189.]


[1870 Feb 14 /] 1870 Feb. 10 / Substance akin to starch with dustfall / Genoa / Chem News 21/251 / See Feb. 14. [IV; 87. "Chemical Notices from Foreign Sources." Chemical News and Journal of Industrial Science, 21 (May 27, 1870): 250-252, at 251. "Sur une pluie de substance jaunâtre tombée à Gênes dans la matinée du 14 février 1870." Cosmos, s. 3 v. 6 (May 14, 1870): 537-538. See: 1870 Feb 14, (IV; 95). Under the microscope, some pearl-coloured matter resembled "petits grains de fécule," (starch).]


1870 Feb 15 / Great spot told of in Times and dated 10th was on 15thhowever, other spots on 10th. / L.T., March 28-5-4. [IV; 100. Howlett, Frederick. "The Sun." London Times, March 28, 1870, p. 5 c. 4.]


1870 Feb 15 / Great sunspot described in London Times of 21st as 10 of Feb was 15th. However, were great ones on 10th. / L.T., March 28-5-d. [IV; 101. Howlett, Frederick. "The Sun." London Times, March 28, 1870, p. 5 c. 4. Howlett, Frederick. "Solar Surface." London Times, February 23, 1870, p. 11 c. 2. Howlett's correction of sunspot dates refers to the date of his letter of February 21, which was published on February 23.]


1870 Feb. 16 / morning / n.e. sunspot / Glasgow / Nature 1-431. [IV; 102. M'Clure, Robert. "Solar Spots Visible to the Naked Eye." Nature, 1 (February 24, 1870): 431.]


1870 Feb/ 17 / ab. noon / Severe shock, San Francisco, but no damage. / L.T., March 4-4-d. [IV; 103. "The United States." London Times, March 4, 1870, p. 4 c. 4.]


[1870 Feb 18 /] 1871 Feb 18 / At Newsham, in eveningsound as if of explosion and concussions / Standard 22-6-3 / Near Newcastle. [IV; 314. "Supposed Earthquake at New Delaval." London Standard, February 22, 1870, p. 6 c. 3.]


1870 Feb 18 / East End (London) News of / Report upon inquests upon 4 person[s] dead of exposure to the excessive cold. Said that at Ramsgate, outdoor work had been abandoned, the cold was so intense. [IV; 114. (East End News, (London), February 18, 1870; not @ BNA.)]


1870 Feb 19 / BO / Galignani's Messenger. of / In Germany "all outdoor labors entirely suspended". 20thvery rigorous winter in Roumeliapeasants frozen to death in Spain. [IV; 118. "A letter from Cuxhaven...." Galignani's Messenger, February 19, 1870, p. 4 c. 1. (No reference was found regarding Roumelia, Turkey in Europe, nor Spain.)]


1870 Feb. 21 / 6 a.m. / Tide in Thames to unusual heightoverflowing banks. / Lloyds' Weekly Newspaper, Feb. 27. [IV; 104. "Town and Country Talk." Lloyd's Weekly Newspaper, February 27, 1870, p. 11 c. 5. " On Monday morning, about six o'clock, the tide in the River Thames rose to an unusual height, overflowing the lower grounds upon the banks, and flooding several of the cellars and underground stores."]


1870 Feb. 22 / Eruption / Ceboruco, Mexico / Y.B. '71-224. [IV; 105. "Eruption of Ceboruco." Timbs' Year-Book of Facts in Science and Art, 1871, 224. The Ceboruco volcano.]


1870 Feb 23 / [LT], 11-b / Solar surface. [IV; 106. Howlett, Frederick. "Solar Surface." London Times, February 23, 1870, p. 11 c. 2.]


1870 Feb. 23 / Venus Inf Conjunction Sun / (Al). See far back on white paper. / Objlike March 22? / Also time of Conj. Venus. [IV; 107. Inferior conjunction of Venus. Nautical Almanac and Astronomical Ephemeris, 1860, 488. See: 1870 Mar. 22, (IV; 123).]


1870 Feb. 23 / [LT], 11-b / Sun. [A; 594. Howlett, Frederick. "Solar Surface." London Times, February 23, 1870, p. 11 c. 2.]


1870 Feb. 23 / B / Standard, 7-2a polar bear that was shot in the Mediterranean between Sardinia and Sicily. Circumstantial story—small boat putting out to capture the bear—bear attacked—tried to board the boat—hunter cut its front paws off and then shot it. [A; 608. "A White Bear in the Mediterranean." London Standard, February 23, 1870, p. 7 c. 2. "A small Mediterranean vessel making the voyage from Sardinia to Sicily a few days ago, came upon a white bear swimming about in the water. The bear made for the boat to the great consternation of tbe men on board. As the vessel was very heavily laden, it was feared that the mere attempt of the animal to climb on board would capsize it. On came the bear, and the captain armed himself with a hatchet with which he chopped off both the animals paws as it seized the boat. The bear fell back into the sea, and was soon finished by a musket ball or two. The animal was a true Polar bear, though how it came there was a puzzle. It will hardly do to take it as an illustration of the Darwinian theory of the development of species, the result of the recent severe weather, and it appears more probable that the brute must have escaped from some menagerie on shore and gone out to sea."]


[1870 Feb 24. Wrong date. See: 1870 Feb 13, (IV; 108).]


1870 Feb 26 / (Cut) / (Paris) / 9:43 p.m. / Met explosion and train, Paris horizon. / Les Mondes 22/431. p. 568 / was seen at Mâcon 9:33 local time = 9:43 Paris. [IV; 109. "Bolide du 26 février." Les Mondes, 22 (1870): 430-431. "Bolide du 26 février." Les Mondes, 22 (1870): 567-568.]


1870 Feb 26 / [LT], 8-a / Missing Vessels. [A; 595. "The City of Boston Steamship." London Times, February 26, 1870, p. 8 c. 1.]


1870 Feb 28 / 0:22 p.m. / Began series of Fiume q's lasting throughout year. / Nature269. [IV; 110. "Earthquakes at Fiume during the Year 1870." Nature, 3 (February 2, 1871): 269.]


1870 Feb. 28 / 12:20 p.m. / Trieste, somewhat violent shock. Following day, 8:56 p.m., again. / Nature 1-539. [IV; 111. "Notes." Nature, 1 (March 24, 1870): 538-540, at 539.]


1870 Feb / BO / Final days not so cold; but no genial invitation to hibernating insects. [IV; 112.]


1870 Feb / BO / All reports upon weather for Feb., in March number of Symons Met Mag, were upon [u]nusual coldness in England. Also March, except first few days, was cold. [IV; 113. "Meteorological Notes on February." Symons's Meteorological Magazine, 5 (March 1870): 30-32.]


[1870] / BO / End up fireflies that seen in 1870. Presumably not descended from the Surrey flies. So rare that Mr Webb knew of no other occurence except in summer of 1822. Looks as if persisting current and stragglers the next year. [IV; 115. Webb, Thomas William. "Entomological Inquiries, etc." Nature, 2 (August 11, 1870): 297-298.]


[1867] / BO / 1869 / In 1870, flies like the Italian fireflies appeared again, this time at Hardwick, ac to the astronomer T.W. Webb. [IV; 116. Webb, Thomas William. "Entomological Inquiries, etc." Nature, 2 (August 11, 1870): 297-298.]


1870 / BO / summer / Webb's fireflies I think in Nature 2-98. [IV; 117. Webb, Thomas William. "Entomological Inquiries, etc." Nature, 2 (August 11, 1870): 297-298.]


1870 / Feb / 1869 / March 3, 1870, Nature ofnoted that at Wandsworth large numbers of ladybirds had appeared. "So early an appearance will surprise most of us, who have been wont to regard these visitors as summer guests." In own notes, nothing like this any other time. Seems unaccountable in terms of terrestrial ladybirds. [IV; 119.1, 119.2. "Notes." Nature, 1 (March 3, 1870): 462-464, at 463. "We hear that the 'Ladybirds' which excited so much curiosity last autumn, have reappeared in large numbers in the neighbourhood of New Wandsworth. So early an appearance will surprise most of us who have been wont to regard these visitors as summer guests."]


1870 March about / Began fast of a girl at Walton, EngSee Sept 15, 1871. [A; 609. See: 1871 Sept 15, (A; 699).]


1870 March / Miss[ing] V[essels] / [LT], [March] 1-5-b / 2-5-c / 5-12-c / 7-12-a / 8-12-a / 11-10-a / 12-10-f / 14-8-a / 14-11-e / 15-10-f / 16-12-b / 17-5-a / 17-9-d / 18-12-b / 22-9-f / 23-12-e / 31-7-f / 22-9-f. [A; 596. "The City of Boston." London Times, March 2, 1870, p. 5 c. 3. "The City of Boston." London Times, March 5, 1870, p. 12 c. 3. "The City of Boston." London Times, March 7, 1870, p. 12 c. 1. "To the Editor of the Times." London Times, March 7, 1870, p. 12 c. 1. "The City of Boston." London Times, March 8, 1870, p. 12 c. 1. "The City of Boston Steamship." London Times, March 11, 1870, p. 10 c. 1. "The City of Boston." London Times, March 12, 1870, p. 10 c. 6. "The City of Boston Steamer." London Times, March 14, 1870, p. 8 c. 1. "The City of Boston." London Times, March 14, 1870, p. 11 c. 5. "The City of Boston." London Times, March 15, 1870, p. 10 c. 6. "The City of Boston." London Times, March 16, 1870, p. 12 c. 2. "Missing Steamships." London Times, March 17, 1870, p. 5 c. 5. "Latest Shipping Intelligence." London Times, March 17, 1870, p. 7 c. 6. "The City of Boston." London Times, March 17, 1870, p. 9 c. 4. "The City of Boston." London Times, March 18, 1870, p. 12 c, 2. "Shipwreck in the Channel." London Times, March 18, 1870, p. 12 c. 2. "Plymouth, Thursday." London Times, March 18, 1870, p. 12 c. 2. "The Steamer Samaria." London Times, March 18, 1870, p. 12 c. 5. "The Missing Steamers." London Times, March 19, 1870, p. 8 c. 4. "A  Ship Abandoned." London Times, March 21, 1870, p. 9 c. 6. "The Missing New Zealand Ship Matoaka." London Times, March 22, 1870, p. 9 c. 6. "The City of Boston." London Times, March 23, 1870, p. 12 c. 5. "American Mails." London Times, March 24, 1870, p. 5 c. 5. "The City of Boston." London Times, March 24, 1870, p. 9 c. 5. "The City of Boston." London Times, March 31, 1870, p. 7 c. 6. The Cunard steamer Samaria was not lost.]


1870 March / Missing Vessels / [LT], [March] 18-12-e / 19-8-d / 21-9-f / 23-12-e. [A; 597. "The Steamer Samaria." London Times, March 18, 1870, p. 12 c. 5. "The Missing Steamers." London Times, March 19, 1870, p. 8 c. 4. "A  Ship Abandoned." London Times, March 21, 1870, p. 9 c. 6. "The City of Boston." London Times, March 23, 1870, p. 12 c. 5.]


1870 March 6 / At Malta, sea suddenly rose 2 or 3 feet, subsided and rose again. / West End (London) News, March 26. [IV; 120. (West End News, (London), March 26, 1870; not online.)]


1870 March 12 / [LT], 5-2 / Polt. Home of James and Frely Wright, brother and sisterat Poplar Grove, ab 4 miles from Jamestown, Va. Polt Phe. Their little niece, aged 8 or 10, said to be the medium. [A; 610. (London Times, March 12, 1870, 5-2; not found here; possibly New York Times???)]


1870 March 18 / Most brilliant aurora recorded, up to 1902, at Dunedin, N. Zealand. Trans. N.Z. Institute 1902-405 / Other auroras on nights of 12, and 22nd, and N.S. Wales, 22nd. [IV; 121. Skey, Henry. "Notes on the Aurora in the Southern Hemisphere." Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 35 (1902): 405-408, at 405. "The most brilliant display was witnessed on the 18th March, 1870, at Dunedin, New Zealand, at 8.30 p.m. From recorded observations at that time, arches of clear white light were first observed extending from east to west, and stretching like bands across the whole of the southern portion of the sky, the summit of the highest and largest arch being somewhat south of the zenith. This highest arch then appeared gradually to enlarge by moving in a lateral direction until it crossed over the zenith, when by continuing this motion it formed a lower arch on the northern side of the zenith. These arches were then observed to gradually increase in number until they formed symmetrical bands of light across the whole sky, the eastern and western points of the horizon forming as it were pivotal centres. This display lasted fully two hours; no coruscations were detected, the bands remaining perfectly steady with the exception of the slow lateral movement alluded to. The moon, which had a small halo round it, was near full at the time, and not far from the eastern extremity of the bands, but higher and more to the northward. The sky was free from clouds, and the air calm. On this occasion the ordinary characteristics of auroral light were entirely absent, there being no polar illumination nor coruscations radiating there-from (but aurora was generally observed in New Zealand on the 12th, 18th, and 22nd, and in New South Wales on the 22nd)."]


1870 March 22 / Brilliant aurora in N. Zealand, Tasmania, N.S. Wales. Not mentioned in Melbourne newspapers. / Otago Witness (Dunedin, N.Z.), Ap. 9. [IV; 122. "News of the Week." Otago Witness, April 9, 1870, p. 14 c.1. "The brilliant display of Aurora Australis witnessed in Dunedin and other parts of New Zealand on the night of the 22nd ult., was also seen in Sydney and Hobart Town. The Melbourne papers, however, do not mention its having been seen in that city."]


1870 Mar. 22 / (D 267). [IV; 123. The note copies information from page 267 of The Book of the Damned. Banner, Frederick William. "Extract from Log of Barque `Lady of the Lake.'" Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 1 (1872-1873): 157. "22nd March, 1870. Lat. N. 5° 47', long. W. 27° 32' W."]


1870 March 25 / Again conspicuous spots on sun /L.T. 28-5-d. [IV; 124. Howlett, Frederick. "The Sun." London Times, March 28, 1870, p. 5 c. 4.]


1870 March 25 / Conspicuous sunspot / L.T. 28-5-d / See 31-10-c. Error made in estimate of size. [IV; 125. Howlett, Frederick. "The Sun." London Times, March 28, 1870, p. 5 c. 4. "The Sun's Surface." London Times, March 31, 1870, p. 10 c. 3.]


1870 March 25-28, 30 / Sunspot, n. eye, by Knobel and others / Ast. Reg. 8-108. [IV; 126. Denning, William Frederick. "The Supposed Planet Vulcan." Astronomical Register, 8 (May 1870): 108-109.]


1870 March 26 / Sunspots sketched by E. Knobel / from 10:40 to 11 a.m.cloudsat 11:15, a bright patch seemed to have broken out in the group. / E Mec 11/84. [IV; 127. Denning, William Frederick. "The Supposed Planet Vulcan." English Mechanic, 11 (April 15, 1870); 84.]


1870 March 28 / [LT], 5-d / Sunspots. [IV; 128. Howlett, Frederick. "The Sun." London Times, March 28, 1870, p. 5 c. 4.]


1870 March 31 / Denning at sunset, when through mist saw n. eye. spot. / Ast Reg 8-108. [IV; 129. Denning, William Frederick. "The Supposed Planet Vulcan." Astronomical Register, 8 (May 1870): 108-109.]


1870 March 31 / Comrie / q / Wm Roper, List of Earthquake / See Ap. 8, '86. [IV; 130. Roper, 38. See: 1886 April 8, (VI; 415).]


1870 Ap 1 / [LT], 12-c / 2-5-c / Ext affar near Ryton. [A; 611. "Extraordinary Affair." London Times, April 1, 1870, p. 12 c. 3. "The Strange Affair near Malton." London Times, April 2, 1870, p. 5 c. 3. Two thieves fleeing from a policeman fell into the Rye River and drowned.]


1870 Ap. 3-4 / Cor, Astro Reg 8-109, writes that looking up at sun watched a large black spot on disc of setting sun. Also on 4th. [IV; 131. Jeffries, Richard. "Spots on the Sun." Astronomical Register, 8 (May 1870): 109-110. ]


1870 Ap 4 / 9:50 p.m. / Shock at Bogota. A night before, for 2 hours after sunset, a column of light in the west. / A. J. Sci 2/50/409. [IV; 136. Hurlbut, Stephen Augustus. "On a recent Earthquake at Bogota." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 50 (1870): 408-409. The column of light was observed after the quake, (not before). "Some nights since we noticed for two hours after sunset in the west, and nearly in the range of Tolima, a well defined column or line of light, on the Cordillera. This bore about due west."]


1870 Ap. 5 / Aurora / Little Bear / 7:45 p.m. / C.R. [IV; 132. "Aurore boréale du 5 avril 1870." Comptes Rendus, 70 (1870): 818-821.]


1870 April 5 / 9:10 / Time of aurora, at Auvers (Manche), great met from Great Bear. / C.R. 70-820. [IV; 133. "Aurore boréale du 5 avril 1870." Comptes Rendus, 70 (1870): 818-821, at 820.]


1870 Ap. 5, May 20, Nov 16, Nov 22 / Germany / Zeit Met 5 /Index nordlicht. [IV; 134. Auroras. "Kleinere Mittheilungen." Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, 5 (1870): 186-192, at 189-191. "Kleinere Mittheilungen." Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, 5 (1870): 313-315, at 313-314. "Kleinere Mittheilungen." Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, 5 (1870): 609-616, at 615. "Kleinere Mittheilungen." Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, 5 (1870): 636-643, at 642.]


1870 April / Shower pollen / Yokohama, Japan / Sci Gos 1871-189. [IV; 135. "Yellow Rain." Science Gossip, 7 (no. 80; 1871): 189.]


1870 Ap. 5 / Aurora / Paris / Manche / Vendome / Indre et Loire / Moselle / Saint Lô / C.R. 70/822, 869, 1008. [IV; 137. "Aurore boréale du 5 avril 1870." Comptes Rendus, 70 (1870): 818-821. Sonrel, L. "Note sur l'aurore boréale du 5 avril 1870." Comptes Rendus, 70 (1870): 869-873. Lacoine. "Observation des effets de l'aurore boréale du 5 avril sur les lignes télégraphiques ottomanes." Comptes Rendus, 70 (1870): 1008.]


1870 Ap. 5 / At time of brilliant auroral displays N. and S., earthquake shock in volcanic region of N. Zealand, and soon afterward began eruptions of Tongariro. [IV; 138. "Latest Telegrams." Star, (Christchurch), April 8, 1870, p. 2 c. 3. "There have heen singular tidal disturbances in the harbour all day, similar, but; slighter, than those on the occasion of the South American earthquake 1868." "Tidal Disturbance." Wellington Independent, April 9, 1870, p. 4 c. 6. "Some speculation was occasioned on Thursday morning by the discovery that the waters of the harbor were repeating, on a small scale, the irregularities which were so remarkably developed at the time the great earthquake of 1868 occurred in South America and the West Indies. The water was as smooth as glass on Thursday, but at frequent intervals, a heavy ripple was observed some distance from shore, and the water would then rush in some twenty or thirty yards, and as rapidly recede, in some cases quite as far below, the proper water line. The perpendicular rise and fall was probably never more than from six inches to a foot, but the alterations were exceedingly rapid and continued during the whole day. Some individuals attempt to account for the phenomena by attributing it to a heavy southerly sea setting in at the heads, but the idea scarcely affords a sufficient or satisfactory explanation. Others ascribe the disturbance to the occurrence of another tidal wave somewhere, and news from the localities exposed to such disagreeable visitations will be awaited with some interest." "Latest Telegrams." Canterbury Press, (New Zealand), April 26, 1870, p. 2 c. 4. From Nelson, April 25, 1870: "Slight earthquake between four and fove yesterday morning." "Eruption of Tongariro." Taranaki Herald, July 30, 1870, p. 6 c. 2. "The Hawke's Bay Herald of the sth July, says—"Tougariro continues in a state of violent eruption, throwing up large stones and emitting flame, visible after nightfall. But the most remarkable fact connected with these phenomena is that they are accompanied by great noises, distinctly heard at intervals in the neighbourhood of Napier, probably eighty miles distant, and resembling the sound of a distant cannonade. The noises in question were at once put down to the proper cause...." The Tongariro volcano erupted from April to August, 1870.]


1870 Ap. 5 / Aurora / La Sci Pour Tous 15-175. [IV; 139. "Aurore Boréale du 5 Avril." La Science Pour Tous, 15 (no. 22; April 30, 1870): 175.]


1870 Ap. 6 / Sunspots / Two cors under this date call attention to great spots on sun. / L.T. 8-11-b / 8th, another writes (11-11-a). In Times (15-4-d), cor writes of enormous N.E. blotch he saw, at sunset. [IV; 140. "Spots on the Sun." London Times, April 8, 1870, p. 11 c. 2. Howlett, Frederick. "Something the Matter with the Sun." London Times, April 11, 1870, p. 11 c. 1. "Spots on the Sun." London Times, April 15, 1870, p. 4 c. 3.]


1870 Ap 8 / [LT], 11-b / 11-11-a / 15-4-d / 19-8-c / N.E. Sun Spots. [IV; 141. "Spots on the Sun." London Times, April 8, 1870, p. 11 c. 2. Howlett, Frederick. "Something the Matter with the Sun." London Times, April 11, 1870, p. 11 c. 1. "Spots on the Sun." London Times, April 15, 1870, p. 4 c. 3. "Spots on the Sun." London Times, April 19, 1870, p. 8 c. 3.]


1870 Ap 8 / Another enormous iregular spot transversing sun noted pass off disk ab 14th. Also other groups. / L.T. 11-11-a. [IV; 142. Howlett, Frederick. "Something the Matter with the Sun." London Times, April 11, 1870, p. 11 c. 1.]


1870 Ap. 11 / Avignon, France. At sunset large "blotch" n. eye on sun. / L.T. 15-4-4. [IV; 143. "Spots on the Sun." London Times, April 15, 1870, p. 4 c. 3.]


1870 Ap. 11 / Incip Volc / L.T., July 6-9-e, 1871 / Q, translation of Chinese Governors report. Q. at Bathang, 260 miles west of Li-tang. 2000 persons killedFlames burst out of ground in 4 places. Heavens dark with the smoke. Also black, fetid water spurted out. [IV; 144. "Earthquake in China." London Times, July 6, 1871, p. 9 c. 5. No volcanic eruption has been associated with the earthquake at Batang, in the Chinese province of Sichuan.]


1870 April 11 / Wheel / Gulf Siam. [IV; 145. "Illumination of the Sea." Nature, 2 (June 30, 1870): 165.]


1870 Ap. 13 / [LT], 5-f / Singular catastrophe at New Brunswick. [IV; 146. "Calamity in New Brunswick." London Times, April 13, 1870, p. 5 c. 6.]


1870 April 14 / Mr Gledhill records Nos. 1, 3, 4, 17, 9, 11 and 30 as "bright round disks". / B Assoc '71/81 / Plato. [IV; 147. Webb, T.W., and Crossley, Edward. "Report of the Committee for discussing Observations of Lunar Objects suspected of Change." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1871, 60-97, at 81, (illustration).]


1870 Ap. 15 / Polt / Medium and Daybreak of / Polt in a house ab. 2 miles from E. St. Louis, Missouri. Coats and things drop from pegs and they return. A child in house said ghost of a little girl aged about 12 was visible to her. Investigated by reporter from St. Louis Republican who said that every movable things in house had been affected. [A; 612.1, 612.2. "A Queer Ghost." Medium and Daybreak, 1 (no. 2;  April 15, 1870): 10-11. "An Interesting Sensation." Missouri Republican, January 30, 1870, p. 2 c. 4.]


1870 Ap 16 / Godsey trance / Religio-Phil Jour., 1-5 / Caroline Godsey, at her home, eleven miles from Union City, Tenn, still living and sleeping as usual. Arouses and remains awake 9 minutes, 11 times, in 24 hours. / This keeping of time looks to me like instances of hypnotic direction. [A; 613.1, 613.2. "Miss Caroline Godsey...." Religio-Philosophical Journal, 8 (no. 4; April 16, 1870): 1, (c. 5).]


1870 Ap 19 / [LT], 7-b / Supposed castways on Auckland Islands. [A; 614. "Supposed Castaways on the Auckland Islands." London Times, April 19, 1870, p. 7 c. 2.]


1870 April 19 / 11:02 p.m. / Paris horizon illuminated by meteor from Hercules / C.R. 70-950. [IV; 150. Chapelas. "Le bolide du 19 avril." Comptes Rendus, 70 (1870): 950.]


1870 April 20 / Jones Co., Ga. / Tornado / Finley's Rept. [IV; 151. Finley, 4.]


1870 Ap. 21 / [LT], 9-b / Aurora. [IV; 152. Allnatt, R.H. "Aurora Borealis." London Times, April 21, 1870, p. 9 c. 2.]


1870 Ap. 22 / Violent shock / Dacca, India / L.T. 25-5-6. [IV; 153. "India." London Times, April 25, 1870, p. 5 c. 6.]


1870 Ap. 23 / Chile / q. / I / BA '11. [IV; 154. A class I earthquake. Milne, 722.]


1870 May 2 / Solar halo / Clifton, England / Ref, Ap 10, 1872. [IV; 155. Cubitt, James. "The Aurora Borealis by Daylight." Nature, 3 (December  8, 1870): 104, (illustration). Burder, George F. "Can Aurora be Seen in Daylight?" Nature, 3 (December 15, 1870): 126. See: 1872 Ap 10, (IV; 730).]


1870 May 2 / Rel. Ph.-J, Aug 27-8-1 / In Louisville, Ky., man kills a womansaid spirit of his dead brother had persuaded him to do this. [A; 615. "A Singular Story." Religio-Philosophical Journal, 8 (no. 23; August 27, 1870): 8, (c. 1).]

  

1870 May 3 / [LT], 11-a / 9-12-c / Missing ships / See Jan 22. / 14-12-c. [A; 599. "The City of Boston." London Times, May 3, 1870, p. 11 c. 1. "The City of Boston." London Times, May 9, 1870, p. 12 c. 3. "A Ship Abandoned at Sea." London Times, May 14, 1870, p.12 c. 3.]


1870 (May 5) / May 28, Clapham Observer of / That excitement in town of Cheltenham"myst disap." of schoolboy James Craumer, of Windsor Terrace. On 5th of May been home at noon. Returned to schoolnot seen afterward. [A; 617. (Clapham Observer, May 28, 1870; not online.)]


1870 May 6 / Strange shaped sunspots / E Mec 13-413. [IV; 148. "Sun Spots." English Mechanic, 13 (no. 329; July 14, 1871): 413.]


1870 May 9 / Remarkable instance of sunspot revolving around another. / Nature 2-356. [IV; 149. "Societies and Academies." Nature, 2 (July 28, 1870): 265-268, at 267, cv. "The Observing Astronomical Society." Murray, Joseph John. "Solar Spots." Nature, 2 (September 1, 1870): 356.]


1870 May 10-12 / In Plato, an increasing then decreasing light that in Mr. Birt's opinion was independent of sunlight. / E Mec 14/195. [IV; 156. "Selenographical." English Mechanic, 14 (no. 346; November 10, 1871): 194-195. Thayer: "This note used by DeWitt C. Miller, through corresp." Richard DeWitt Miller is the more probable person to have made any use of this note, as he wrote about the lunar crater Plato, in chapter 9 of his book Forgotten Mysteries, (later titled ImpossibleYet It Happened!).]


1870 May 10 / [LT, 12-d / Aurora. [IV; 157. Allnatt, R.H. "Aurora Borealis." London Times, May 10, 1870, p. 12 c. 4.]


1870 May 11 / 11:30 / Shocks / Oaxaca, Mexico / great damage / L.T., July 21-12-b. [IV; 158. "Great Earthquake." London Times, July 21, 1870, p. 12 c. 2.]


1870 May 11 / Heavy shock earthquake / City of Mexico / N.Y. Herald 19-7-2. [IV; 159. "Mexico." New York Herald, May 18, 1870, p. 7 c. 2.]


1870 May 11 and to 20th / q / Mexico / C.R. 71-329 / Heat of the soil caused fear of an eruption from it. [IV; 160. Chassin. "Sur un tremblement de terre survenu au Mexique, le 11 mai 1870." Comptes Rendus, 71 (1870): 329-331. (No "heat of the soil" noticed in this article, despite reports of heat.)]


1870 May 11, 12, 16 / Great q's / Mexico / BA '11. [IV 161. A class III earthquake. Milne, 722.]


1870 May 13 / Guam / q. / BA '11 / I. [IV; 162. A class I earthquake. Milne, 722.]


1870 May 13 / Mr Pratt notes that though upon this evening the spots were "greatly in excess of their usual brightness," the light effects in Plato showed no such increaseand his view that the spots in Plato are not reflection of sunlight but little volcanoes. [IV; 163. Webb, T.W., and Crossley, Edward. "Report of the Committee for discussing Observations of Lunar Objects suspected of Change." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1871, 60-97, at 89-90.]


1870 May 13 / "Extraordinary display," ac. to Birt27 spots seen in Plato [by] Pratt and [an extra] on[e] 28th [by] Elgerthat only 3 by May 13, 1870 / Gledhill at Brightondiff in p place4 have burst in or 27 dim to / B Assoc 71/88. [IV; 164. Webb, T.W., and Crossley, Edward. "Report of the Committee for discussing Observations of Lunar Objects suspected of Change." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1871, 60-97, at 88. Pratt suggested that the difference in the number of spots seen, (27) by him, at Brighton, and (4) by Gledhill, at Halifax, (not at Brighton), was due to observation times, priority of observation, (searching for spots, as a first task).]


1870 May 13 / qand volc / Violent q. / Japan / 2:30 a.m. / L.T., July 21-12-b / Floating pumice near Vries Island, Gulf of Yedoso volc. supposed. Also volc Asayama, in prov. of Sinshio, first time in 3 or 4 centuries. [IV; 165. "Great Earthquake." London Times, July 21, 1870, p. 12 c. 2. The Sumisujima volcano, (also known as Smith Rocks, the surface portion of a large submarine volcano, a southerly one of the Izu Islands), erupted in May of 1870, and possibly long before, in 1672. The Izu-Oshima volcano, (on Vries Island, a northerly one of the Izu Islands), erupted in 1870, and had erupted frequently, (certainly, in 1803, from 1822 to 1824, and in 1846). The Asamayama volcano, in Shinano province, was not active in 1870, (between eruptions in 1869 and in 1879), but had erupted several times earlier in the 19th century, (in 1803 and in 1815), and in 1783.]


1870 May 15 / Snake, about a yard long, caught in a street in Huddersfield. / Galignani's Messenger, May. [A; 616. "On Sunday, a snake, about a yard in length...." Galignani's Messenger, May 20, 1870, p. 1 c. 6. "Local and District News." Sheffield Daily Telegraph, May 18, 1870, p. 3 c. 4-5. "On Sunday morning an ordinary snake about a yard in length, was picked up at the corner of one of the streets near Ramsden-street, Huddersfield, and was taken to the police station."]


1870 May 19 / Mirage / Ostend / Nature 2-108. [IV; 166. "Notes." Nature, 2 (June 9, 1870): 107-109, at 108. "Mirage à Ostende." Cosmos, s. 3. v. 6 (June 11, 1870): 654-655.]


1870 May 20 / Aurora / CR 71-451. [IV; 167. Chapelas. "Aurore Boréale du 20 Mai." Comptes Rendus, 70 (1870): 1141. Chapelas. "Aurore boréale du 24 septembre 1870." Comptes Rendus, 71 (1870): 451-452. Chapelas. "Aurore boréale du 24 septembre 1870." Comptes Rendus, 71 (1870): 451-452. The article cited in Fort's note reports an aurora on September 24, 1870. See: 1870 Sept 24, (IV; 230).]


1870 May 20 / Aurora / La Sci Pour Tous 15-215. [IV; 168. "Aurore Boréale du 20 Mai." La Science Pour Tous, 15 (no. 27; June 4, 1870): 215. Chapelas. "Aurore Boréale du 20 Mai." Comptes Rendus, 70 (1870): 1141.]


1870 May 22 / Tynemouth / purplish sun / 22-23, Glouchestershire / Nature 2-89. [IV; 169. "Notes." Nature, 2 (June 2, 1870): 88-90, at 89.]


1870 May 22 / Sun Purple in a pink haze, Dublin. / Nature 2-67. Also at Dunmurry, Co. Antrim. [IV; 170. Murphy, Joseph John. "Meteorological Phenomenon." Nature, 2 (May 26, 1870): 67.]


1870 May 22 / A red haze in Ireland and people in many places astonished by varying colorations of sun and moon through it. / Symons' Met Mag. 5-65. [IV; 171. "Peculiar Cloud Formation." Symons's Meteorological Magazine, 5 (June 1870): 65-67.]


1870 May 22 / dry haze / A red haze, England and Ireland. / Symons Met Mag 5-67. Sun had a "strange bright copper color". Through an opera glass 8 spots distinctly visible on lower half of disc. / "A strange lurid light spread over the landscape, and it seemed as though a total eclipse was in progress." [IV; 172.1, 172.2. "Peculiar Cloud Formation." Symons's Meteorological Magazine, 5 (June 1870): 65-67, at 65-66.]


1870 May 22 / 5 to 6:30 p.m. / 3 large N.E. spots / also on May 23 / at Norton Radnorshire / M. Notices 30-207. [IV; 173. Hill, A.R. "Note respecting Solar Spots visible to the Naked Eye." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 30 (June 10, 1870): 207-208.]


1870 May 23 / At Rohrbach, on the Moselle, pinkish sun. / Nature 2-190. The mist arrived there 2:20 p.m. [IV; 174. Earwaker, John Parsons. "Pinkish Colour of the Sun." Nature, 2 (July 7, 1870): 190. "Offuscation du soleil." Cosmos, s. 3 v. 6 (June 11, 1870): 654.]


1870 May 23 / Sun effect / La Sci Pour Tous 15-230. Same as Salmon note. [IV; 175. "Offuscation du Soleil." La Science Pour Tous, 15 (no. 29; June 18, 1870): 230.]


1870 May 23 / Atmosphere effects of 22nd at Cambridge, England. [IV; 176. "Peculiar Cloud Formation." Symons's Meteorological Magazine, 5 (June 1870): 65-67 at 67.]


1870 May 23 / Philippines / q. / BA '11 / II. [IV; 177. A class II earthquake. Milne, 722.]


1870 May 30 / [LT], 6-f / Most remarkable storm on record at Philadelphia. [IV; 178. "The United States." London Times, May 30, 1870, p. 6 c. 5-6.]


1870 June 1 / [LT], 12-e / Aurora. [IV; 179. Terry, S.H. "Aurora Borealis." London Times, June 1, 1870, p. 12 c. 5.]


1870 June 1-11 / Great q / Guatemala / BA '11. [IV; 180. A class III earthquake. Milne, 722.]


1870 [June 2] / q / Japan, etc. / [LT], June 2-6-d / 8-5-a / 10-12-a / 17-10-d / 28-10-a. [IV; 181. "Japan." London Times, June 2, 1870, p. 6 c. 4. "Earthquake in Mexico." London Times, June 8, 1870, p. 5 c. 1. "The West Indies." London Times, June 10, 1870, p. 12 c. 1. "Japan." London Times, June 17, 1870, p. 10 c. 4-5. "Money-Market & City Intelligence." London Times, June 28, 1870, p. 10 c. 1-2.]


1870 June 6 / [LT], 10-d / 8-9-e / 6-10-d (another) / 6-10-d (another) / 24-12-b / Missing Vessels / See Jan. 22. [A; 603. "Missing Ships." London Times, June 6, 1870, p. 10 c. 4. "The Cerealia Steamer."   London Times, June 8, 1870, p. 9 c. 5. "Latest Shipping Intelligence." London Times, June 9, 1870, p. 7 c. 6. "A Missing Ship." London Times, June 24, 1870, p. 12 c. 2.]


1870 June 11 / Religio-Phil Jour, 8-2, copied from the Ohio Democrat—Home of George Fisher, on Stone Creek—medium his daughter, a little girl. At her grandfather's house, 1/2 mile away, she was struck on the face by an invisible. Her grandfather heard the blow and saw her knocked from her chair. Her grandfather, Abraham Walter, other times saw nothing, but girl insisted she saw a woman. [A; 618.1, 618.2. "The Stone Creek Ghost." Religio-Philosophical Journal, 8 (no. 12; June 11, 1870): 8, (c. 2-3). "The Stonecreek Ghost." Ohio Democrat, (Tuscarawas County), April 1, 1870,  c. 2. (Ohio Democrat, March 18, 1870.) Baker, Jon. "Local History: Stone Creek bewitched in 1870." Times-Reporter, (Philadelphia, Ohio), February 18, 2013.]


1870 June 17 / Perforation / Germany / J. F. Inst. 90/384. * [A; 619. "Curious Effects Produced by Lightning." Journal of the Franklin Institute, s. 3 v. 60 (1870): 384. Fischer, Johann Gustav. "Merkwürdiger Blitzschlag." Annalen der Physik und Chemie, s. 2 v. 140 (1870): 654-656.]


1870 June 17 / Ibbenbühren, Westphalia, Prussia / (F) / BA 73-383. [IV; 182. Fletcher, 104. This is the Ibbenbühren meteorite. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Alexander Stewart Herschel. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors during the year 1872-73." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1873, 349-403, at 383-384.]


1870 June 21 / Sunspot by T. G. Elger, at Bedford, first seen on 19thon 21st, cyclonic spot seen. / E Mec 11/397. [IV; 183. Elger, Thomas Gwyn. "Sun Spots." English Mechanic, 11 (July 15, 1870): 396-397.]


1870 June 22 / Great increase of sunspots. 675 counted by a cor in Indiana. / Nature 2-298. [IV; 184. Dawson, W. "The Solar Spots." Nature, 2 (August 11, 1870): 298.]


1870 June 23 and July 3 / Solar Haloes / C.R. 71/47. [IV; 185. "M. W. De Fonvielle transmet à l'Académie...." Comptes Rendus, 71 (1870): 47-48.]


1870 June 24 / Shock widely felt in Asia Minor / Nature 2-301. [IV; 186. "Notes." Nature, 2 (August 11, 1870): 300-302, at 301.]


1870 June 25 / afternoon / slight tremorNY City / NY Times, Oct 22-4-3. [IV; 187. "The Earthquake." New York Times, October 22, 1870, p. 4 c. 3-4.]


1870 June 25 / Godsey case / DiedSee Oct 27, 1873. [A; 620. See: 1870 Oct 15, (A; 633), and, 1873 Oct 27, (A; 861).]


1870 June 25 / [LT], 5-2 / Godsey Trance / Susan Caroline Godseybeen in her state 21 yearsfather deadmother poor and to some extent dependent upon contributions by visitors. She usually sleeps soundly from eleven o'clock at night until about six in the morning, and through the day awakes once an hour. Her waking spells are never less than four nor more than twelve, but usually about six minutes duration. Taken ill at age of 4baffled physicianstrance started age of 6. [A; 621.1, 621.2. "The Sleeping Beauty." New York Times, June 25, 1870, p. 2  c. 4-5. The New York Times, (not the London Times), provided the report of the "Medical Committee" that examined Godsey; however, their observations differ from Fort's notations. For example: "First, the conscious periods are thirteen or fourteen in number during the twenty-four hours, and are from four to eight minutes long, averaging six minutes."]


1870 July / mirage / Over the Throndhjem Fiord, Norway. Mirage as if of a large city, which altered into line of cliffs. / Nature 2-435. [IV; 188. "Mirage." Nature, 2 (September 29, 1870): 435.]


1870 July 8 / Published a letter by W. R. Birt, upon observations upons spots of Plato during April, May and June. The observation he emphasizes is opposite effect upon certain spotsthat spots with smaller exposure to sunlight showed seemingly independent variations. [IV; 189.1, 189.2. Birt, William Radcliffe. "Lunar Activity." English Mechanic, 11 (no. 302; July 8, 1870): 371-372.]


1870 July 10-12 / 1 p.m. / Great q. / Cuzco, Peru / Nature 3-36. [IV; 190. "Notes." Nature, 3 (November 10, 1870): 34-36, at 36.]


1870 July 10-18 / Eruption of Tongariro, N. Zealand, which began in April, was more marked. / Nature 2-479. [IV; 191. "Eruption of the Volcano Tongariro, New Zealand." Nature, 2 (October 13, 1870): 477-479, at 479. The Tongariro volcano.]


1870 July 12 / qs / Cent. Amer. and Smyrna / Cyprus / BA '11. Sims. / See Feb 18, 1889. [IV; 192. A class I and a class II earthquake. Milne, 722. See: 1889 Feb. 18, (VI; 1555).]


1870 July 12 / Shock / Smyrna / Nature 2-301. [IV; 193. "Notes." Nature, 2 (August 11, 1870): 300-302, at 301.]


1870 July 12 / Salvador / sky overcast / at 4:30 a.m., 13th, several shocks. Nature 2-362. [IV; 194. "Notes." Nature, 2 (September 1, 1870): 361-362, at 362.]


1870 ab middle of July / Religio Phil Jour, Sept 17-6-2, copying from Leavenworth (Ind) Independentnear the Benham Salt Works, ab 15 miles from Leavenworth, homea new houseof Mr. Benham. Ab middle of July, stones, from 2 to 4 pounds, hurled at the house. Raps heard all times, day and night. As long as watchers on guard no stones thrown. Watchers relax and stones comesaid not visible till they struck the house. Grounds surrounding house covered with these stones. All windows broken, but no person had been struck. [A; 622.1, 622.2, 622.3. (Religio-Philosophical [A; 618.1, 618.2. "A House Destroyed by Invisible Hands." Religio-Philosophical Journal, 8 (no. 26; September 17, 1870): 6 (c. 2).]


1870 July 19 / E Mec XI/468 / Published sketch [by] a cor of object like a cross he had seen on wall [of] Crater Fontenelle. It's the X cross but a detail / not the on[e] near Birt. [IV; 195. "The Crater Fontenelle." English Mechanic, 11 (August 5, 1870): 468, (illustration). The sketch does not compare favourably with images from NASA's LRO / LROC QuickMap. The correspondent questions if this is the same "cross" observed by Webb. Webb, Thomas William. Celestial Objects for Common Telescopes. 4th ed. London: Longmans, Green and Co., 1881, 113. Webb writes: "There are parallel ridges in the interior, and in one place the form of a perfect cross: unfortunately, it lies in such a position that years, as B. and M. observe, may pass without a good view of it. I have often looked for it in vain. Birmingham has been more successful."]


1870 July 19 / Sunset phe / La Sci Pour Tous 15/319. [IV; 196. (La Science Pour Tous, 15-319; not found here.)]


1870 July 21 / [LT], 12-b / Great q. / Oaxaca, Mexico. [IV; 197. "Great Earthquake." London Times, July 21, 1870, p. 12 c. 2. See: 1870 May 11, (IV; 158).]


1870 July 24 and 26 / by Denning, at Bristol. / Augs / Observatory 37/418. [IV; 198. "Showers of Telescopic Meteors seen near the Sun." Observatory, 37 (November 1914): 417-419, at 418. Denning's observation was on July 26, (two days after Grover's observation). "Thw Observing Astronomical Society." Astronomical Register, 8 (1870): 253-255, at 253. "On July 26, when endeavouring to pick up Mercury, he observed several bright, ill-defined objects pass rapidly through the field of the telescope. He is of the opinion that these bodies were nothing more than thistle seeds."]


1870 July 24 / Au[g] / 10:15 a.m. / The Grover ob"conspicuous but ill-defined" bodies, one after another. / Astro Reg 8-221. Eng Mec 100/236 / Observatory 37/418. [IV; 199. Grover, C. "A Daylight Observation of Meteors." Astronomical Register, 8 (1870): 221-223. Grover, C. "Meteors Near the Sun." English Mechanic, (no. 2585; October 9, 1914): 236. Denning, William Frederick. "Showers of Telescopic Meteors seen near the Sun." Observatory, 37 (November 1914): 417-419, at 418.]


1870 July 25 / evening / Kent, etc. / met / BA 72-69. [IV; 200. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Alexander Stewart Herschel, and Charles Brooke. "Report...on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1871-72." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1872, 57-118, at 69.]


1870 July 25 / evening / Kent, etc., near English Channel / At Dover, seen to rise almost perpendi[cularly] from eastern horizon, increasing in brilliance. Looked like a signal from a ship. / B Assoc 1872/69. [IV; 201. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Alexander Stewart Herschel, and Charles Brooke. "Report...on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1871-72." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1872, 57-118, at 69.]


1870 July 29 / 5:45 o'clock / Lesina / Detonation or q / Zeit Met 5/430 / Others?p. 456. [IV; 202. "Kleinere Mittheilungen." Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, 5 (1870): 428-430, at 430. "Kleinere Mittheilungen." Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, 5 (1870): 456-459, at 456-457.]


1870 Aug 1 / ab. 9:55 a.m. / Slight shock / Calcutta / Nature 2-437. [IV; 203. "Notes." Nature, 2 (September 29, 1870): 436-437, at 437.]


1870 Aug 1 / Severe shocks / Greece / Nature 2-361. [IV; 204. "Notes." Nature, 2 (September 1, 1870): 361-362, at 361.]


1870 Aug 3 / 3:45 p.m. / Quake widely felt, S. Af. / Nature 3-15. [IV; 205. "Notes." Nature, 3 (November 3, 1870): 13-15, at 15.]


1870 Aug 5 / [LT], 7-c / Great q / Amphissa. [IV; 206. "Greece." London Times, August 5, 1870, p. 7 c. 3.]


1870 Aug 6 / Sunset / Scotland / brilliant meteor streak / BA 70-89. [IV; 207. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1869-70." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1870, 76-102, at 89.]


1870 Aug 6 / 9:57 p.m. / Isle of "Syke" / metstreak visible 5 minutes / LT, Aug 11-5-d. [IV; 208. Cunningham, Alexander William. "Meteoric Display." London Times, August 11, 1870, p. 5 c. 4. A typo of the Isle of Skye, (not "Syke").]


1870 Aug 7 / 7 p.m. / Near Doo Castle, Co. Sligo, Ireland, 3 waterspouts. Symons Met Mag 5-122. [IV; 209. O'Dowd, D. "Three Waterspouts." Symons's Meteorological Magazine, 5 (September 1870): 122.]


1870 / about Aug. 13 / "Remarkable increase of brightness" of Spot No. 22 (Pratt) / [B.] Assoc., '71/93 / Plato. On 12 and 13, decreased. On Aug. 16, no opinion offered, as the spot was not seen. [IV; 210. Webb, T.W., and Crossley, Edward. "Report of the Committee for discussing Observations of Lunar Objects suspected of Change." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1871, 60-97, at 93.]


1870 Aug 15 / At Broughton-in-Furness, ac to the vicar, F. A. Malleson, in the N.N.W., about 9 p.m. appeared a bright star-like light, a tail ab. 5 degrees long pointed downward but rose gradually westward till horizontal. The nucleus equalled Venus at brightest. Slowly faded and disappeared at 9:30. L.T. 18-8-e. [IV; 211.1, 211.2. Malleson, F.A. "A Meteor." London Times, August 18, 1870, p. 8 c. 5.]


1870 Aug 15 / At Obauab. same time in N.N.W. a meteor, which left a train. This shortly afterward became horizontal and then was like an ellipse with a nucleus in one extremity. Clearly visible but then faded away in 7 or 8 minutes. / L.T. 19-8-d. [IV; 212.1, 212.2. Campbell, Donald. "A Meteor." London Times, August 19, 1870, p. 8 c. 4.]


1870 Aug 15 / 8:50 p.m. / n. England, Ireland, Scotland/ Meteor / page in Nature 2-357. [IV; 213. "The Meteor of August 15." Nature, 2 (September 1, 1870): 357, (illustrations).]


1870 Aug 15 / 8:50 p.m. / Met train / Dunbar, Gt. Brit / MWR '07/391. Ireland and Scotland / Nature 2/357. [IV; 214. (Trowbridge, C.C. "On Atmospheric Currents at Very Great Altitudes." Monthly Weather Review, 35 (no. 9; September 1907): 390-397, at 391.) "The Meteor of August 15." Nature, 2 (September 1, 1870): 357, (illustrations).]


1870 Aug. 16 / Belfast / Met train (?) ½ hour / Symons' Met 5/132. [IV; 215. M'Clure, Edmund. "Meteoric Phenomenon." Symons's Meteorological Magazine, 5 (September 1870): 132. "Strange Phenomenon." Belfast News-Letter, August 16, 1870, p. 3 c. 3. ""Last night, about nine o'clock, a very extraordinary phenomenon was observed in the Northern part of the heavens. At first it assumed the appearance of a circle of bright light, but gradually expanded into something resembling the shape of a serpent, and in about twenty minutes vanished. Its beauty and changing hues and shape attracted a good deal of notice...." M'Clure, Edmund. "The Meteoric Phenomenon." Belfast News-Letter, August 18, 1870, p. 3 c. 5. "Strange Meteor." Belfast News-Letter, August 19, 1870, p. 4 c. 3.]


1870 Aug 18 / Cabeza de Mayo, Murcia, Spain / (F). [IV; 216. Fletcher, 104. This is the Cabeza de Mayo meteorite.]


1870 Aug 20 / (D-68) / Salt / Switz. / (31). [IV; 217. The note copies information from page 68 of The Book of the Damned. "Salt and Pyrites in Hail-stones." Annual Record of Science and Industry, 1871, 36-37. "According to Professor [Gustav Adolph] Kenngott, of Zurich, a hail-storm lasting five minutes occurred at eleven o'clock in the morning of the 20th of August, 1870, the stones from which were found to possess a salty taste. Some of them weighed twelve grains. They were found to consist essentially of true salt, such as occurs in North Africa on the surface of the plains, mainly in hexadedric crystals or their fragments, of a white color, with partly sharp and partly rounded grains and edges." "Salthagel am St. Gotthard." Das Ausland, 44 (June 26, 1871): 618.]  


1870 Aug. 20 / 9:25 p.m. / Meteor half diameter of moon, Linton, Cambridge. / L.T. 23-6-e / 24-9-d—cor in London saw it disap almost over Alpha Cassiopeiae. Also, other cor seen near Woodstock. / Ac to lat cor at Linton, it disappeared very near a star, probably alpha Cass. [IV; 218. "Meteors." London Times, August 23, 1870, p. 6 c. 5. Field, Hamilton. "The Meteor." London Times, August 24, 1870, p. 9 c. 4.]


1870 Aug 20 / bet 6 and 7 p.m. / Calais / waterspouts or funnel-like projection from a cloud, gradually reaching the sea. / L.T. 23-6-d. [IV; 219. Allen, Charles H. "Waterspouts in the Channel." London Times, August 23, 1870, p. 6 c. 4.]


1870 Aug 20 / Face / NY Herald, Aug 30, copied in Religio Phil Jour., Sept 17-6-1 / In a house in Broadway, Lawrence, Mass on window glass representation of a woman's face had appeared. The day before a woman visiting one of the tenants of the house had diedit was her face on the glass. So pestered by crowds were the people in the house that they removed the window sash. [A; 623.1, 623.2. "Ghostly Phenomenon in Lawrence, Mass." Religio-Philosophical Journal, 8 (no. 26; September 17, 1870): 6, (c. 1). "Ghostly Phenomenon in Lawrence, Mass." New York Herald, August 30, 1870, p. 5 c. 3.]


1870 Aug 31 / W. spout, Irrawaddy River. / Nature 3-92. [IV; 220. "Notes." Nature,  3 (December 1, 1870): 92-94, at 92-93.]


1870 Sept / Religio Phil Jour, Nov. 26, p. 2 / House at Cadereyta, Nuevo Leon, Mexico. Stones falling on it, night and daycobblestones, bits of soft rock, dried mortar. The father and one of the grown sons having gone to the City of Mexico to dispose of property acquired by inheritance. Account by Dr. M. K. Knapp, their family physician. He was shown a pile of cobblestones, some of them weighing 12 or 15 pounds each. The phe began with loud knockings. These 3 days and then the stones began to fall. Dr. Knapp tells of having seen stones fall. Stones started Sept. 3. / Issue of June 10, Dr K writes that the father and son returned from their journey and that the phe stopped. He learned that 4 or 5 times in the preceding 10 years there had been similar phe. [A; 626.1, 626.2, 626.3, 626.4. Knapp, Moses Lowman. "Falling Stones in Mexico." Religio-Philosophical Journal, 9 (no. 10; November 26, 1870): 2, (c. 1-2). Knapp, Moses Lowman. "Falling Stones in Mexico." Religio-Philosophical Journal, 10 (no. 12; June 10, 1871): 6, (c. 1-3). No specific dates are given for these phenomena, but the "Sept. 3" date was estimated, by Fort, from Knapp's letter of September 12.]


1870 Sept 1 / ab 9 a.m., for 4 hours / Battle of Sedan at Arlon, 64 kilometres away. Bull Soc Belge D'Astro 5/184. [IV; 221. Hoffman. "Phénomènes acoustiques." Bulletin de la Société Belge d'Astronomie, 5 (1900): 184. Traveling from Martelange to Luxembourg City, a rolling sound like thunder was heard from 9 a.m. and continued to 2:30 p.m., (while the sky was cloudless from 10:30 a.m., onwards from Rambrouch), Hoffman questioned if some geological or topographical phenomenon was communicating the sounds of the artilleryat the Battle of Sedan, 64 kilometres away, (where intense bombardments by the Krupp C64 field guns countered French infantry and cavalry charges until 3 p.m.). Hoffman, an infantry officer, was accompanied on this journey by Prof. Sander, from Arlon.]


1870 Aug, Sept / 3rd outbreak, bit of a third group of spots in Plato, by W.R. Birt. / E Mec 12/374. [IV; 222. Birt, William Radcliffe. "Lunar Activity." English Mechanic, 12 (January 6, 1871): 374.]


1870 (Sept. 10) / Sci Gos of Oct, p. 233 / Town of Leicester besieged by little brown beetles. At about the same time (Sept. 10), such a swarm at Beaumarisboth said be an Aphodius. [IV; 223. Mott, T.T.  "Swarm of Beetles." Science Gossip, 6 (no. 70; October 1, 1870): 233. "Swarm of Beetles." Science Gossip, 6 (no. 71; November 1, 1870): 263. Aphodius contaminatus.]


1870 Sept 16 / E Mec of / Birt's obs and Pratt's, Elger, Neisen and others, upon Plato spot[s] of July and Aug and [Sept]. "There is great reason to believe that while the sites of the markings are permanent, the manifestations of markings themselves are variable." [IV; 224.1, 224.2. Birt, William Radcliffe. "Summary of Observations.Spots on Plato, August, 1870." English Mechanic, 11 (September 16, 1870): 613-614.]


1870 Sept. 18 / Piece of meteoric iron fell in a barn yard, Santa Clara, Cal., setting debris afire. / Nature 3/36. [IV; 225. "Notes." Nature, 3 (November 10, 1870): 34-36, at 36.]


1870 Sept 19 / NY Times, 5-5 / Drouth. [IV; 226. "The Late Drouth." New York Times, September 19, 1870, p. 5. c. 5-6.]


1870 Sept 23 / [LT], 4-b / Great q / Batang. [IV; 227. "India." London Times, September 23, 1870, p. 4 c. 2. See: 1870 Ap. 11, (IV; 144).]


1870 (September) / Obs on spots in Plato / BirtE Mec., 14/123 / great rise of No. 14 and great fall of No. 16increase of No 22, etc. [IV; 228. Birt, William Radcliffe. "Recent Observations on the Moon's Surface." English Mechanic, 14 (no. 343; October 20, 1871): 123. "In the notes which Mr. Neison has sent me he mentions the great advance which spot No. 13 has made in visibility, while spot No. 16 has fallen quite out of sight. Spots Nos. 13, 19, and 16 are situated on the broad N.W. streak, and it is noteworthy that the two former declined considerably in visibility during the two years above mentioned [1869 April to 1871 April]. While spot No. 16 has declined, No. 22 has been increasing in visibility."]


1870 Sept, ab 20th / Siege of Paris. [IV; 229. The Siege of Paris began on September 19, 1870, and lasted until January 28, 1871.]


1870 Sept 24 / ab 9 p.m. / North Wales and Southampton / Aurora / Good description / LT, Sept 27-10-c / (C.R. 71/451) / was seen in Heidelberg—L.T., Sept 28-11-c. Canada—Nature, 3/7 / M Notices 31/16. [IV; 230. "Aurora Borealis." London Times, September 27, 1870, p. 10 c. 3. "The Aurora Borealis." London Times, September 28, 1870, p. 11 c. 3. Chapelas. "Aurore boréale du 24 septembre 1870." Comptes Rendus, 71 (1870): 451-452. Dawson, George M. "The Aurora of  Sept. 24"  Nature, 3 (November 3, 1870): 7. Ommanney, Erasmus. "Aurora Borealis of 24 Sept., 1870." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 31 (November 11, 1870): 16-17.]


1870 Sept 24 / Mets more than usually frequent in England, time of brilliant aurora. / BA 71-26. [IV; 231. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1870-71." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1871, 26-52, at 26.]


1870 Sept. 24 / J / Dark spots on Jupiter noted by Mr. Gledhill. / Observatory 15-148. [IV; 232. Denning, William Frederick. "Jupiter." Observatory, 15 (1892): 147-148.]


1870 Sept 24 / BO / Religio Phil Jour, 4-5 / Food. / Bullets / House of a wealthy widow of Memphis, Tenn., bombarded with apples, biscuits, buttons, crackers, crusts of bread, and leaden bullets. [A; 624. "Personal and Local." Religio-Philosophical Journal, 9 (no. 1; September 24, 1870): 4, (c. 5).]


1870 Sept 24 / Spiritualist, named Stewart Chamberlain, age 68, died at Le Roy, N.Y. / Rel-Phil Journ., Nov 5-6-5, 1870. [A; 625. Shaver, J.W. "Stewart Chamberlain." Religio-Philosophical Journal, 9 (no. 7; November 5, 1870): 6, (c. 5).]


1870 Sept 24-25 / Great aurora, mostly N.W., at 1:30 a.m., burst out in east, Halifax, Eng. / Ast Reg, 8-236. [IV; 233. "Aurora Borealis." Astronomical Register, 8 (November 1870): 235-237, at 236.]


1870 Sept 24 and 25 / Aurora / Tasmania / LT, 1870, Nov 29-11-b. [IV; 234. "An Aurora Borealis in Tasmania." London Times, November 29, 1870, p. 11 c. 2.]


1870 Sept 25 / Great sunspots / E Mec 12-153. [IV; 235. Elger, Thomas Gwyn. "Sun-Spots and Faculae"; and, "Sun-Spots." English Mechanic, 12 (no. 293; November 4, 1870): 153, (illustrations).]


1870 Sept 26 / (Lyra) / obj / 12:15 Berlin time (Berlin) / Times, Sept 30cor was examining constellation Lyra and saw a luminous object apparently start from Vega moving toward Epsilon Lyrae. It occupied 30 seconds in crossing the field of his telescope but he thought it could not be a meteor to move so slowly. [IV; 236.1, 236.2. Brabazon, Reginald. "A Meteor." London Times, September 30, 1870, p. 9 c. 4.]


1870 Sept 28 / 7:25 p.m. / Radcliffe, Oxford / sudden flash of light / no met seen / BA 73/372. [IV; 237. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Alexander Stewart Herschel. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors during the year 1872-73." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1873, 349-403, at 372-373.]


1870 Sept 28 / Great sunspot reported by Denning. Visible to N.E. From Aug 24, had been unusual spots. / LT, Sept 30. [IV; 238. Denning, William Frederick. "Spots on the Sun." London Times, September 30, 1870, p. 9 c. 4.]


1870 / last of Sept / Enormous swarms of Aphides, many places in England. / Field, Oct 8, Oct 15. [IV; 239. Cridland, T. "Extraordinary Swarms of Insects." Field, October 8, 1870, p. 312. "The Plague of Plant Lice." Field, October 15, 1870, p. 329.]


1870 / last of Sept / Great swarms of Aphides at Williton. / Field, Oct. 8. [IV; 240. Cridland, T. "Extraordinary Swarms of Insects." Field, October 8, 1870, p. 312.]


1870 / last Sept / Great swarms green and black Aphides reported from half a dozen places. / Field, Oct. 8. [IV; 241. Cridland, T. "Extraordinary Swarms of Insects." Field, October 8, 1870, p. 312.]


1870 Oct / American cuckoo picked up dead in a wood near Aberystwith. / Field, Oct 26, 1895. [IV; 242. Colfox, T.A. "American Cuckoo in Dorset." Field, October 26, 1895, p. 708.]


1870 / autumn / at Montevideo / Rigging of vessels covered with webs and little spiders. / Amer Naturalist 5-149. [IV; 243. Emerton, James Henry. "Flying Spiders." American Naturalist, 5 (no. 3; May 1871): 148-155, at 149. "In the autumn of 1870 I received a letter from an officer on one of the United States vessels, in which he stated that one day while at anchor near Montevideo, after a strong wind, the rigging was filled with cobwebs, and little spiders dropped down on all parts of the deck."]


1870 Oct / Lum. obj near Gardnerville (N.Y.?) / See Lum. Objs. [A; 627. Gardnerville is a hamlet of Wawayanda, New York. See: 1870 Oct 29, (A; 636), and, Luminous obj / + / 1870 / Oct 29, (SF-IV; 42).]


1870 Oct 1 / Trance / Religio Phil Jour, 3-1, copying The Kentuckian (Paducah, Ky), that four weeks before date of writing in The Kentuckian, Mrs Pell in her house in Clay street became illabout 3 weeks later taken with convulsions. She was then unconscious. Mayor Sauner had a friend named Lewis, who died in Paducah about 11 years before. The Mayor visited Mrs Pell. She caught him by the hand and began enacting the dying scenes of Lewis. She repeated utterances which he said were the dying utterances of Lewis. A few days later a woman visited her. A child of this woman had died. Mrs Pell screamed and acted as this child had acted when it died, suffering intensely. Copied from the Paducah Herald. Said that Mayor J.W. Sauner had confirmed the story of Lewis as reproduced by Mrs Pell. [A; 631.1, 631.2, 631.3, 631.4. "A Singular Case." Religio-Philosophical Journal, 9 no. 2 (October 1, 1870): p. 3 c. 1. "The Woman Who Dies." Terre Haute Daily Gazette, September 16, 1870, p. 3. c. 1. "From the Paducah Kentuckian." "A Strange Case of Mesmeric Influence, Or Something Else." "On Sunday evening last, in company with Mayor Sauner and Dr. Brooks, we visited the house of Mrs. Lewis, who lives in one of the Stovall cottages, on Clay street. We there found the wife of Mr. Pell in a singular condition. She is about twenty-five years old, full medium size, was married about eighteen months ago in an adjoining State, and came to Paducah some eight months ago to reside. She was indisposed, and continued so nothing serious was apprehended until last Wednerday night, when she was taken with convulsions, each one lasting from five to ten minutes. She would then have an interval of quiet for fifteen or twenty minutes, and then another convulsion. This condition continued for about twelve hours, and left her in a singular state, being apparently unconscious of every thing and every one around her. She has had lucid intervals at about one o'clock, both in the day and night, which lasts but a few minutes. In the meantime she has slept but very little. She talks, rubs her hands and, at times, looks pleased at other times she has a woe begone expression, and will burst into tears." "Mayor Sauner had a friend, a Mr. Lewis, who died in this city about 11 years ago with consumption. On Sunday evening he sat down by this Mrs. Pell and took hold of her hand, when she immediately commenced acting the dying scenes of Mr. Lewis. She talked just as he did, using the same actions and identically the same language, which it was impossible for her to have heard from any source, as Mr. Lewis could only talk in a whisper, and Mayor Sauner had to put his ear close to his mouth to hear what he said and he declares positively that she repeated the expressions of the dying man, which no person heard but himself, and which he has never repeated. But what adds to the singularity of the case is the fact that she acts in every respect, with the positions of head, hand and body, as the dying Lewis did, and in appearance dies away as he did, her eyes being set and her pulse becoming almost extinct but in a moment afterward she rouses herself up, the color returns to her face and the pulse beomes strong and natural again." "Another case. A woman visited her a few days since who had lost a child that suffered intensely while dying. Mrs. Pell had known nothing of this child, yet when its mother came into her presence she screamed, acted like and apparently died off as the child had done. We were informed of other instances of the same kind, and it is certain that she could not have had any knowledge of any of the cases, as it is less than a year since she first came to Paducah." "We can give no satisfactory solution of this extraordinary case, and if it cannot be accounted for by attributing it to something like mesmerism, we give it up as an inexplicuble mystery beyond comprehension."]


1870 Oct / 2 cases of sheep killed near Reading, England early in Oct. / (+). [A; 630. (Refs???)]


1870 Oct. 3 / 2:20 p.m. / Shock, Taranaki, N. Zealand. Some chimneys damaged. / Otago Witness15-4-3. [IV; 244. "Taranaki." Otago Witness, October 15, 1870, p. 4 c. 2-3.]


1870 Oct 5 / Italy / III / [Great quake] / Oct 20Canada, N.Y., Maine / I / [Light quake] / 25Greece / I / [Light quake] / 28Sind, India / I / [Light quake] / 30Italy / II / [Medium quake] / (BA '11). [IV; 247. Milne, 722.]


1870 Oct 6 / 6:30 p.m. / Great met, Germany / 7:45, Slavonia? / Zeit Met 5/616. [IV; 248. "Kleinere Mittheilungen." Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, 5 (1870): 609-616, at 615-616.]


1870 Oct 7 / See 14th. [IV; 245. See: 1870 Oct 14, (IV; 250).]


1870 Oct 11 / [LT], 4-c / 12-11-c / 13-9-d / Mock suns. [IV; 246. Bidder, G.P. "Mock Suns." London Times, October 11, 1870, p. 4 c. 3. Hoare, H. "Mock Suns." London Times, October 12, 1870, p. 11 c. 3.  "Mock Suns." London Times, October 13, 1870, p. 9 c. 4.]


1870 Oct 14 and 25 / Madras / very great mag disturb. / Nature 3/348 / See Read objects. / Read / Sept 4, 1851. [IV; 249. "Aurora Australis." Nature, 3 (March 2, 1871): 348. See: 1850 Sept 4, (II; 1545), and, 1869 Oct 17-18, (IV; 254).]


1870 Oct 14 / Disastrous hurricane, Cuba. 2000 lives lost. / NY Times 18-5-4 / Began on 7th. [IV; 250. "Terrible Hurricane." New York Times, October 18, 1870, p. 5 c. 4.]


1870 Oct 14 / N. Wales / ab. 8:30 p.m. / Aurora / LT, Oct 18-6-b. [IV; 251. "The Aurora." London Times, October 18, 1870, p. 6 c. 2.]


1870 Oct 15 / NY Times, 2-4 / Flood / Va / 100 human beings drowned / 6,000 cattle. [IV; 252. "Losses by the Virginia Floods." New York Times, October 15, 1870, p. 2 c. 4.]


1870 Oct 15 / Godsey / See Hypnosis timed. [A; 632. See: Hypnotism / Post-hypnotic suggestion, (AF-II; 355).]


1870 Oct 15 / + / Sleeper / NY Times, 2-2 / St Louiscase of Susan C. Godseysleeping with exception of periods daily, for 21 years—29 years old—fell into torpor Aug 1, 1848, at age of 8—awakes few minutes at dawn every day—convulsive motions and sleep again. From 6 to 12 in morning wakes ab once an hour. Sleeps until 3 p.m. and then at sundown. Night awakes at 9 and 11 and 3 in morning. Eats but is never hungry. / A column in Oct 21-2-4. She was taken to St Louis by interested persons? [A; 633.1, 633.2. "A Sleeping Beauty." New York Times, October 15, 1870, p. 2 c. 2-3."The Sleeping Beauty." New York Times, October 21, 1870, p. 2 c. 4.]


1870 Oct 16 / 8:25 p.m. / 2 mets / York and London / BA 72-69. [IV; 253. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Alexander Stewart Herschel, and Charles Brooke. "Report...on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1871-72." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1872, 57-118, at 69-70.]


[1870 Oct 17] / BO / Croc. / L.T., Oct. 20, 1870, an account of a "huge lizard" that had been seen near St. Asaph, North Wales. Said was killed on 17th Oct by Thomas Hughes of Rhyl, found be 4 feet 7 inches long and looked like a crocodile. / I have read somewhere elseneglected to note at the timethat Hughes was accused of having bought dead body of a croc, from a menagerie. [A; 628.1, 628.2.  "A Strange Discovery." London Times, October 20, 1870, p. 5 c. 3. "Strange Discovery in Wales." Zoologist, s. 2 v. 5 (November 1870): 2388. “The Welsh Lizard.” Birmingham Daily Post, October 29, 1870, p. 6 c. 5. “Out of the depths of that celebrated repository of pre-historic relics, we were gravely assured that a living lizard, four feet seven in length, and 'very like a crocodile,' had emerged and been slain in single combat by a valiant Welshman, emulative, to say the least, of the achievements of St. George against the dragon, or of Guy, Earl of Warwick, against the Dun Cow. It is a sad pity to spoil so pretty a story, but the truth must be told. The crocodile never went to the Cefn caves at all, unless it was taken there after its demise, which occurred in a travelling menagerie the day before its exhibition, as the spoils of Mr. Thomas Hughes's prowess. The hero (who, it seems, exercises the vocation of a sweep, in Rhyl), hearing of the death of the crocodile in his town, ingeniously devised the tale of its capture in the neighbouring cave; and, having purchased it from the owner of the caravan, proceeded to show it to his townsfolk as the marvellous Lizard of Cefn.Echo.” The Zoologist cites the London Echo as identifying the dead crocodile as having been bought from menagerie.]


[1870 Oct 17 / BO / Land and Water, Oct 29, 1870, said that Hughes had bought body from a menagerie and pretended to kill it. [A; 629. (Land and Water, October 29, 1870.)]


[1870 Oct 17-18. Wrong date. See: 1869 Oct 17-18, (IV; 254).]


1870 Oct 19 / morning / Tornado / Llanwrtyd, Breconshire / also near Wells, Somerset / Tornado / Timbs 1871-247. [IV; 255. "Tornado." Timbs' Year-Book of Facts in Science and Art, 1871, 246-247.]


1870 Oct 20 / [LT], 5-c / Monstrous lizard / Vale of Clwyd. [A; 638. "A Strange Discovery." London Times, October 20, 1870, p. 5 c. 3.]


1870 Oct 20 / Times of / Animal (?) / Said that been rumored that near the Caifu Caves in the Vale of Clwyd, in Wales, strange animal like a huge lizardthat Thomas Hghrs had killed it. In Zoologist 12-5-2388 said that ac to the Echo, Hughes had bought the animal when it died in a menagerie. [A; 639.1, 639.2. "A Strange Discovery." London Times, October 20, 1870, p. 5 c. 3. "Strange Discovery in Wales." Zoologist, s. 2 v. 5 (November 1870): 2388.]


1870 Oct 20 / 11 a.m. / Shock / Ithaca, N.Y. / NY Trib, 1886, Sept 6-5-3. [IV; 256. "The Earthquake." New York Tribune, October 21, 1870, p. 1 c. 5.]


1870 Oct 20 / ab 11 a.m. / q / Ohio to Maine / 3 columns in NY Times 21-1-4 / people frightened in N.Y. City / 11:20 a.m. in N.Y. / Montreal to Quebec. [IV; 257. "An Earthquake Abroad." New York Times, October 21, 1870, p. 1 c. 4-7. The Charlevoix earthquake centered near Baie-Saint-Paul, Quebec, and was felt over an area of 1,000,000 square miles, extending as far west as Iowa and as far south as Virginia. Milne, 722. See: 1871 May 21, (IV; 411).]


1870 Oct 20 / 7:30 p.m. / Halifax, England / bright red auror[al] cloud in Auriga / a little later in the Lynx / Ast Reg 8-270. / Dust / Italy via Sahara / came via Germany / Feb 28, March 1, 1866. [IV; 258. "Aurora." Astronomical Register, 8 (December 1870): 270-271.]


1870 Oct 20 / 11:30 a.m. / q / Canada, New York, New England . LT, Oct 22-5-b / rainstorm at time / LT, Nov 3-4-b / met, auroras and storms before it. / At Albany / 11:15 a.m. / N.Y. Times, Nov. 6, 1877 / See Am J. Sci. 101-47. [IV; 259. "Canada." London Times, October 22, 1870, p. 5 c. 2. "The United States." London Times, November 3, 1870, p. 4 c. 2. "The Sunday Morning Earthquake." New York Times, November 6, 1877, p. 2 c. 6. Twining, Alexander Catlin. "Earthquake of October 20th, in Northeastern America." American Journal of Science, s. 3 v. 1 (1871): 47-53.]


1870 Oct 20 / 7:30 - 11:30 / N. Wales / Aurora / details / LT, Oct 25-4-b. [IV; 260. Allnatt, R.H. "Aurora Borealis." London Times, October 25, 1870, p. 4 c. 2.]


1870 Oct 22 / NY Times, 2-4 / Haunted house / Kinderhook, N.Y. / tramping feet / Skeleton found beneath flooring of a room. After that sounds stopped. [A; 634. "Current Notes." New York Times, October 22, 1870, p. 2 c. 4.]


1870 Oct 22 before / Luminous obj / Gardnerville, N.Y. / See "Owls". [A; 635. See: 1870 Oct 29, (A; 636), and, Luminous obj / + / 1870 / Oct 29, (SF-IV; 42).]


1870 Oct 24 / stardetails given / great Aurora / also 25th / Worcester, etc. / Aurora / LT, Oct 26-5-f / 27-8-b / and a met. in Auriga / See Index. / Oct 31Lowe says nothing like it since 1848, which "strange to say" also was upon Oct 24See for full dets. [IV; 263. "The Aurora Borealis." London Times, October 26, 1870, p. 5 c. 6. "The Aurora Borealis." London Times, October 27, 1870, p. 8 c. 2.]


1870 Oct 24, 25 / In A.J. Sci 3/1/126, Prof. A. C. Twining writes that near Philadelphia appeared that the aurora kept nearly one place among the stars for 48 hours . The position as seen in Philadelphia, 25, is given as indicated by a line through Altair, the trapezium of the Dolphin and 2 degrees north of the southeastern star in the square of Pegasus. / (But this not the position in Timbs.) [IV; 261.1, 261.2. Twining, Alexander Catlin. "Auroral Belt of October 24th25th, 1870." American Journal of Science, s. 3 v. 1 (1871): 126-129."The Aurora Borealis." Timbs' Year-Book of Facts in Science and Art, 1871, 249-255, at 250-251. "About a quarter-past eight o'clock splendid streams of auroral light illuminated a vast extent of the heavens, reaching from Aldeboran [sic] in the east to beyond Atair [sic] in the west. Of these streamers two were the most remarkable, one emanating from the east, a few degrees above the horizon, the other from the west in a similar manner." "The auroral band in the east, bounded on the one side by Aldeboran [sic] and on the other by Capella, spread in a fan-like shape over the constellations Perseus, Andromeda, and Cassiopeae, to a star in the head of Cepheus; while the western streamer, spreading in a similar manner over the constellations Aquila, Sagitta, Lyra, and Cygnus, reached also its culminating point at the above-named star in Cepheus, which thus formed at the zenith the point of junction between the two streamers."]


1870 Oct 25 / Aurora / N.B., etc. / Times, Oct 29-6-b / "24 hours later than in London," etc. / Nature 3/727. [IV; 262. "The Aurora Borealis." London Times, October 29, 1870, p. 6 c. 2. Grove, W.R. "The Aurora Borealis." Nature, 3 (November 10, 1870): 27-28.]


1870 Oct  24 / Sky fire / London Salvage Corps turned out and Thames bridges crowded with people supposing looking at reflection of a great fire. / Timb Y.B. 1871/250-2 / E.J. Lowe—like that of Oct 24, 1848 / Seen in Italy. [IV; 264. "The Aurora Borealis." Timbs' Year-Book of Facts in Science and Art, 1871, 249-255.]


1870 Oct. 24 / N. Zealand / "Dull lurid" appearance in like reflection of a great fire in southwestern sky, New Zealand. / Otago Witness 29-15-1. [IV; 265. "The people in Wellington...." Otago Witness, October 29, 1870, p. 15 c. 1.]


1870 Oct 24 / Aurora / 5 a.m. / in America / LT, Nov 11-5-e. [IV; 266. "Aurora in America." London Times, November 11, 1870, p. 5 c. 5.]


1870 Oct 24 / Aurora in Italy / Aurora, 8:30, Italian time / Times, Oct 31-6-d / most brilliant 9:20 / See Index, Palestine, etc. [IV; 267. Morgan, T.H. "The Aurora in Italy." London Times, October 31, 1870, p. 6 c. 4. "See Index, Palestine, etc.")]


1870 Oct 24-25 / See same date, 1871. [IV; 268. See: 1871 Oct 24 and 25, (IV; 536).]


1870 Oct / exact date not given / Great aurora / South Africa / Cape Argus, Feb 6, 1872. [IV; 269. "Aurora Australis." Cape Argus, February 6, 1872, p. 2 c. 6.]


1870 Oct 25 / Aurora / O at zenith / Glasgow. After violent storm. Aurora like a huge red cloud appeared suddenly from Cygnus southward. Vanished and an arch from horizon to Pegasus. / Eastern horizon then on fire and flaming pyramids rising, all between 6 and 6:30. Columns up toward zenith, where often a black circle, and the columns of light not invade this—lasted till midnight—"dawn" around the whole horizon. / E Mec. 12-155. [IV; 270.1, 270.2. "Aurora Borealis." English Mechanic, 12 (no. 293; November 4, 1870): 155.]


1870 Oct 26-27 / (Spain) / Aurora / Seemed to have travelled south. / LT, Nov 4-5-f. [IV; 271. "The Late Aurora." London Times, November 4, 1870, p. 5 c. 6.]


1870 Oct 27 / noon / q. / Boston / Boston Jour of Chemistry 5/67. [IV; 272. "Earthquakes." Boston Journal of Chemistry, 5 (December 1, 1870): 67.]


1870 Oct 28 / Sind, India / q / BA '11. [IV; 273. A class I earthquake. Milne, 722.]


1870 Oct 29 / Religio Phil Jour, 2-5 / Luminous obj / See under Luminous Objs. [A; 636. "A Remarkable Phenomenon." Religio-Philosophical Journal, 9 (no. 6; October 29, 1870): 2, (c. 5). A light was once seen to enter a window of a house, and a "ball of fire" was observed "within the radius of half a mile" of the house, near Goshen, New York. "A Remarkable Phenomenon." New York Times, September 25, 1870, p. 3 c. 6. See: Luminous obj / + / 1870 / Oct 29, (SF-IV; 42).]


1870 Oct 30 / q / Italy / BA '11. [IV; 274. A class II earthquake. Milne, 722.]


1870 Oct. 31 / 8:20 a.m. / Strong submarine shock between Newcastle and Lyttelton, New Zealand. / Otago Witness (Dunedin, N.Z.), Nov 19. [IV; 275. "A shock of submarine earthquake...." Otago Witness, November 19, 1870, p. 5 c. 4.]


1870 Nov / Proc. Asiatic Soc Bengal / Letters upon the Barisal Gunsthat they were probab[ly] booming of the surfanother that far from the sea, "the detonations, for [s]o I may call them," [w]ere so distinct one from another", and not a "booming". [IV; 276. "The following letters were read...." Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 1870 (November): 289-291.]


1870 Nov 1 / Severe shock / Upper Scinde, India / Nature 3-353. [IV; 277. "Notes." Nature, 3 (March 2, 1871): 351-353, at 353.]


1870 Nov. 1 / 11:30 p.m. / London / met / BA 71-31. [IV; 278. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1870-71." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1871, 26-52, at 31.]


1870 Nov 1 / 10:07 p.m. / Birmingham and 10:27 / 2 mets as if from Pleiades / BA 72-70. [IV; 279. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Alexander Stewart Herschel, and Charles Brooke. "Report...on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1871-72." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1872, 57-118, at 70.]


1870 ab. Nov 1 / Somnambulism in village of Cannington by Richard Dell. / Ac to Somerset Gazette / Copied in Medium and Daybreak, Nov 11, p. 255. [A; 640. "Somnambulism Extraordinary." Somerset Western Gazette, October 14, 1870, p. 5 c. 6. "Somnambulism." Medium and Daybreak, 1 (no. 32; November 11, 1870): 255.]


1870 Nov. 3 / [LT], 7-e / News of City of Boston / See 1871 Index / Ship News. [A; 600. "The City of Boston." London Times, November 3, 1870, p. 7 c. 5.]


1870 Nov. 3 / Light perhaps met train / India / Nature 3/209. [IV; 280. "Extraordinary Meteor." Nature, 3 (January 12, 1871): 209.]


1870 Nov. 4 / ab. 3 a.m. / near Agra, India / Large met train ab. 5 minutes. / BA 71-32. [IV; 281. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1870-71." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1871, 26-52, at 31-32.]


1870 Nov 5. / Field of / Cor writes that the man in Wales had borrowed a stuffed reptile. [A; 637. Bree, C.R. "The Strange Discovery at St. Asaph." Field, November 5, 1870, p. 388. See: 1870 Oct 17, (A; 628).]


1870 Nov 8 / afternoon / Republic Co., Kansas / Tornado / Finley's Rept. [IV; 282. Finley, 4.]


1870 Nov. 12 / Otago Witness (Dunedin, N. Zealand) of 12th / The eruption of Tongariro gradually subsiding. / I saw no preceding note of it. [IV; 283. "The eruption of Tongariro is gradually subsiding...." Otago Witness, November 12, 1870, p. 14 c. 3. See: 1870 July 10-18, (IV; 191). The eruption of Tongariro volcano began in April of 1870.]


1870 Nov 13, etc. / Few mets in England / BA 71-40. [IV; 284. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1870-71." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1871, 26-52, at 40.]


1870 Nov 14 / morning / 6 observers counted 153 meteors in 4 hours and 40 minutes at New Haven. / Religio-Philosophical Journal, Nov 26-4-4, copying from N.Y. Post. [IV; 285. "The November Meteor." Religio-Philosophical Journal, 9 (no. 10; November 26, 1870): 2, (c. 4). Newton, Hubert Anson. "The November Meteors." New York Evening Post, November 17, 1870, p. 2 c. 2.]


[Thayer's Notes, in Doubt, ends here, at November 14, 1870.]


1870 Nov. 14 / Persecuting Flames / Lum owl / Polts / [typescript] / Proc. S. P. R. 12-326. [A; 641. A typescript note. "Reviews." Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research, 12 (1897): 319-335, at 322.]


1870 Nov. 16 / [LT], 4-d / 2 waterspouts at Newquay. [A; 642. "Waterspouts." London Times, November 16, 1870, p. 4 c. 4.]


1870 Nov. 18 / stones and assault / Med. and daybreak of, from Cincinnati Gazette. / In home of Andrew Streit, farmer near Cumminsville, Ohio. He and wife and mother-in-law outcame home and found their servant girl tied and gagged. She said a man had seized her. They were discussing it when stones rattled against the windows. Repeated attacks but no stone thrower visible. Complained to police and police sent to investigate and surrounded the house. Stones continued to smash windows. The next day the servant girl was sent home to her parents. Phe. stopped. But the hired man who had taken her there returned telling of discharge of stones out in open country where no ambush possible. Said that some time later girl declared had seen the man but he had disappeared. [A; 643.1, 643.2., 643.2., 643.4. "Stones Thrown by Spirits." Medium and Daybreak, November 18, 1870, p. 263.]


1870 Nov. 19 / ab 9 p.m. / Great det met, Scotland / Symons 5-193. [IV; 285.1. "Magnificent Detonating Meteor." Symons's Meteorological Magazine, 5 (December 1870): 193-194.]


1870 Nov. 19 / Same spot of Sept 25 / See E Mec 12-257. [IV; 285.2. Purkiss, W. "A Remarkable Sun-Spot." English Mechanic, 12 (no. 297; December 2, 1870): 257, (illustration).]


1870 Nov 19 / Otago Witness of, (Dunedin, N.Z.) reports, with no date, violent volc eruption at least 40 days, at Sunday Island, one of the Kermadec Group, 100 mile, N.E. of N. Zealand. [IV; 285.3. "Sunday Island." Otago Witness, November 19, 1870, p. 4 c. 4. The Raoul Island volcano.]


1870 ab. Nov. 20 / Buchanan ghost beginstold in N.Y. Times, Jan 15-4-7 / Home of Rev. G. C. Thrasher. The corn crib phe. and in house smashing around crockery, opening locked doors and windows, disturbing furniture. All this with neighbors with guns, on watch to shoot. To T's little son a voice spokelike "a confusion of voices coming from the ground". 3 childreneldest 12. [A; 644.1, 644.2. "A Virginia Ghost." New York Times, January 15, 1871, p. 4 c. 7. "The 'Buchanan Ghost'So-Called." Staunton Spectator, (Staunton Virgina), January 24, 1871, p. 1 c. 5. "The Buchanan Ghost." Staunton Spectator, (Staunton Virgina), February 14, 1871, p. 2 c. 4. "The Buchanan Ghost." Wheeling Daily Intelligencer, (West Virginia), March 7, 1871, p. 1 c. 7. The Lynchburg Republican reports that the "ghost" stories were part of a swindle to deter others from purchasing the house occupied by Thrasher's family.]


1870 Nov. 23 /  Great aurora / N. Zealand / Trans N.Z. Inst. 1902-405. [IV; 285.4. Skey, Henry. "Notes on the Aurora in the Southern Hemisphere." Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 35 (1902): 405-408, at 405-406.]


1870 Nov. 26 / Brecon County Times of, copied in Med. and D. break of Dec. 9 / Thomas James of Cadoxton had said in his home loud noises and he fallen unconscious. Recovered to find self in the road near a church. Felt self again spirited away. Lost consciousness again and came to in one of the church's vaults. Here a spirit appeared and pointed at some disarrangement of coffin decorations, telling him to restore them to order. This he did and was then spirited away again, finding self in the churchyard. Here he was found and taken to his home. [A; 645.1, 645.2, 645.3. "An Extraordinary Ghost Story." Medium and Daybreak, December 9, 1870, p. 287. (Brecon County Times, November 26, 1870. Not online; a weekly newspaper, this issue may no longer be extant.) Cadoxton is probably Cadoxton-juxta-Neath, Wales.]


1870 Dec / Aurora / Paper read by M. Becquerel before Acad of Sci, of Paris, late in 1871, that year before Paul Rolier in his balloon had seen an aurora, soon after hearing an incomprehensible loud noise roaring. / Boston Jour of Chemistry 6/63. [IV; 285.5. "Sounds from the Aurora." Boston Journal of Chemistry, 6 (December, 1871): 63. Becquerel, Antoine Henri. "Mémoire sur l'origine céleste de l'électricité atmosphérique." Comptes Rendus, 72 (1871): 709-714, at 712. Cartailhac, Émile. Voyage en Ballon de Paris en Norwége du Captaine Paul Rolier. Toulouse: n.p., 1871, 25-26. "De nouveau M. Rolier se laisse descendre; bientôt un son étrange, un mugissement incompréhensible se fait entendre; il l'attribue au tourbillon du Maelstrom qui se trouve au nord de la Norvège." "Le brouillard qui semblait s'être dissipé pendant quelques instants permet de distinguer au milieu de l'eau de grandes tâches grisâtres semblables à des bancs de sable. Bientôt il redevient intense et le bruit cesse complètement. Il s'élève alors une odeur de soufre des plus prononcées, presque asphixiante."]


1870 Dec / Ec. Sun / J. Sci 7-477 / 8-227. [IV; 285.6. Proctor, Richard Anthony. "The Approaching Total Solar Eclipse." Quarterly Journal of Science, 7 (October 1870): 477-484. Proctor, Richard Anthony. "The Eclipse of Last December...." Quarterly Journal of Science, 8 (April 1871): 227-247.]


1870 Dec 4 / 2 a.m. / Severe shock at sea 45 miles off Cape Mendocino, California. / Ref, May 13, 1850. [IV; 285.7. Holden, Edward Singleton. List of Recorded Earthquakes in California, Lower California, Oregon and Washington Territory. Sacramento: State Office, J.D. Young, Supt. of State Printing, 1887, 56.]


1870 Dec 4  4:15 p.m. / Sidney Sussex College / Met from point 2 or 3 diameters from the mooncrossed moondisappeared below moon. / LT, Dec 6-9-f. [IV; 285.8. Williams-Ellis, J.C. "A Meteor." London Times, December 6, 1870, p. 9 c. 6.]


1870 [Dec 10] / Super. / [LT],, Dec 10-12-d / 16-4-f / Worchestershire / Suffolk. [A; 646. "Superstition in Worcestershire." London Times, December 10, 1870, p. 12 c. 4. "The Consequence of Superstition." London Times, December 16, 1870, p. 4 c. 6.]


1870 Dec. 12 / Sky overcast in England. No record of exceptional meteor. / BA 71-42. [IV; 285.9. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1870-71." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1871, 26-52, at 42.]


1870 / middle of Dec / Volc outbursts in Iceland / Am J. Sci 10/191 / What ser? [IV; 285.10. "Am J. Sci 10/191" is an erroneous reference, and no volcanic eruptions in Iceland  are found for December of 1870 in contemporary or modern catalogs. For example, it is not found in: "Volcanic Eruptions and Earthquakes in Iceland within Historic Times." Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian, 1885, 495-541; nor, is it found in: Thoroddsen, Thorvald. "A List of Destructive Earthquakes in Iceland." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1910, 64-69. See: 1870 Dec. 24, (IV; 285.14).]


1870 Dec 16 / [LT], 4-c / Wild man of California. [A; 647. "The Wild Men of California." London Times, December 16, 1870, p. 4 c. 3.]


1870 Dec 17 / Malton / Aurora / Times, Dec 20-3-f. [IV; 285.11. "The Aurora Borealis." London Times, December 20, 1870, p. 3 c. 6.]


[1870 Dec 21 /] 1871 Dec 21 / Strong q, Arequipa, Peru / Nature 3-434. [IV; 571. "Notes." Nature, 3 (March 30, 1871): 431-434, at 434.]


1870 Dec 22 / Eclipse / See Ap. 28, 1871. / Patch in sky at time of eclipse of sun / Bath / M Notice 31/183. [IV; 285.12. Hardy, Robert William Hale. "On a Remarkable Appearance during the Solar Eclipse, Dec. 22, 1870." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 31 (April 14, 1871): 182-184, at 183. See: 1871 Ap. 28, (IV; 397).]


1870 Dec 24 / Clinton Co., Indiana / Dustfall / Proc Amer Assoc 20/216. [IV; 285.13. Tingley, Joseph. "Account of a Dust-Storm of December 24th, 1870, in Clifton County, Indiana." Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 20 (1871): 216-218. "During the night of the 24th, there had fallen a light, feathery snow, which, by its collection upon the western side of buildings

and fences, showed that the wind at the time was westerly. The dark-colored substance was evidently a travelling companion with the snow, since it was observed to be commingled therewith throughout; and, in places where the accumulations of snow-drift were greatest, the foreign substance was most abundant."]


1870 Dec. 24 / Find no phe volc or solar to go with this / (See Iceland.) [IV; 285.14. See: (Iceland).]


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              

1870 Dec 25 / Italy / Sand / Les Mondes 27/541 / (N.M.). [IV; 285.15. "Dans une seconde note...." Les Mondes, 27 (1872): 541.]

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