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Last updated: July 15, 2021.

Charles Hoy Fort's Notes


1869b

(July to December)


1869:


1869 / summer / Upheavals reported in harbor of Machiasport, Maine. / Nature 1-220. [III; 1814. "Notes." Nature, 1 (December 23, 1869): 219-221, at 220. "The Boston Advertiser reports...." Scientific American, n.s., 21 (December 11, 1869): 371. The "curious phenomenon" that was causing the "upheaval" of water, mud, and stones at Machias, Maine, may have culminated in the Saxby Gale on the night of October 4-5, 1869. The combinations of "perigee on the 5th at 7 a.m., lunar equinox at noon, and new moon at 2 p.m." as well as "the sun's being nearer to us in October that it was on the 7th September by at least eight seconds of parallax" led Saxby to predict "extreme bad weather," (an intense equinoctal gale), between October 5 and 7, 1869. A storm surge and perigean tide wrecked havoc along the coasts of Maine, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia, just as was predicted in a letter from Frederick Allison, to the Halifax Evening Express: "I believe that a heavy gale will be encountered here on Tuesday next, the 5th Oct., beginning perhaps on Monday night, possibly deferred as late this Tuesday night; but between those two periods it seems inevitable." Unusual tidal surges may have occurred in the months before, at Machias, and other inlets near the Bay of Fundy and the Gulf of Maine. Saxby, Stephen Martin. "Equinoctial Gales." London Standard, September 16, 1869, p. 2 c. 7. Saxby, Stephen Martin. "Equinoctial Gales." London Evening Standard, September 16, 1869, p. 2 c. 1. (Allison, Frederick. "To the Editors of the Express." Halifax Evening Express, October 1, 1869, p. 2 c. 3.) Saxby, Stephen Martin. Saxby's Weather System, or Lunar Influence on Weather. 2nd ed. London: Longman, Green, 1864. See: 1869 Oct 4, (III; 2120), and, 1869 Oct 8, (III; 2128).]


1869 July / Great water eruption / Cotopaxi, Ecuador / Nature 4-212. [III; 1815. "Notes." Nature, 4 (July 13, 1871): 210-212, at 212. "In July 1869 noises were again heard and an awful flood took place, but without earthquakes and subterranean noises. Abundant fountains of water burst forth, hundreds of immense rocks were rent and thrown down, and the rivers were flooded."]


1869 July 2 / Donlevant-le-Chateau / Something in sky, called a whirlwind / Cosmos 3/5/442. [III; 1816. "Trombe dans les nuages observée à Doulevant-le-Château." Cosmos, s. 3 v. 5 (October 23, 1869): 442-443.]


1869 July 3 / Waterspout burst at Chenoa, ac to Bloomington (Ill.) papers. Trib 15-2-6. [III; 1817. "General Notes." New York Tribune, July 15, 1869, p. 2 c. 6.]


1869 July 4, etc. / Dry fog over a great part of Europe. Maximum on 10th at Palermo. Very noticeable at Paris from the 4th to 12—Rome 7th to 14th. / La Sci Pour Tous 15-214. [III; 1818. "Des Nuages, des Brouillards, des Pluies avec Sables Observées dans l'Atmosphère de l'Italie, Principalement en 1829, et des Effets Qui en Été les Conséquences." La Science Pour Tous, 15 (no. 27; June 4, 1870): 214. "Correspondance." Comptes Rendus, 70 (1870): 1124-1125.]


1869 July 4-12 / Paris / Dry fog maximum / 7-14 Rome / 10 Palermo / 14 Ancone / (spell see) / C.R. 70-1124. Dry fog and fall of sand and turned sun red and astonished people of Europe. [III; 1819. "Correspondance." Comptes Rendus, 70 (1870): 1124-1125.


1869 July 5 / N.Y. Times, 1-3 / 6-5-5 / qs / Tenn / Ill / Ala. / Missouri. [III; 1820. "The Earthquake in the Southwest on Friday Morning." New York Times, July 5, 1869, p. 1 c. 3. "The Earthquake." New York Times, July 6, 1869, p. 5 c. 5.]


1869 July 7 / India / Nepal / q / III / BA '11. [III; 1821. A class III earthquake. Milne, 721.]


1869 July 7 / 5 p.m. and then others / Comrie / scarcely perceptible tremors of earth—sounds like distant thunder / L.T., July 12-7-f. [III; 1822. "Earthquakes." London Times, July 12, 1869, p. 7 c. 6.]


1869 July 8 / Germany / 6 p.m. / Det met / Z. M. 4/394. [III; 1823. "Kleinere Mittheilungen." Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, 4 (1869): 379-396, at 394.]


1869 July 13 / Shock in Peru and eruption of Isluga. Continued, and Cotopaxi and Pichinchi, especially on 23rd and 24th. London Morning Advertiser, Sept 1-2-2. [III; 1824. "Earthquakes in South American Republics." London Morning Advertiser, September 1, 1869, p. 2 c. 2. The Isluga, Cotopaxi, and Orsono volcanoes.]


1869 July 14 / Sleeper / San Francisco Ev. Bulletin, Aug 4, Miss Susan Caroline Godsey died at her home, ab 8 miles from Hickman, Ky. Had been asleep 14 years. At first she awoke regularly twice a day. In later years oftener and her recovery was hoped for. Awake a few minutes and then drop off again to sleep. [A; 546.1, 546.2. (San Francisco Evening Bulletin, August 4, 1869.)]


1869 July 14 / Godsey case / False report of deathsee Oct 27, 1873. / See June 25, 1870. [A; 547. See: 1870 June 25, (A; 620); 1870 Oct 15, (A; 633); and, 1873 Oct 27, (A; 861).]


[1869 July 14 /] 1869 Aug 13 / Fiery Wind / L.T. of, from the Nashville (Tenn.) Press / that upon a very hot day, near Ashland, Cheatham Co., Tenn, a burning whirlwind, travelling at the rate of ab. 5 miles an hour, appearedtaking up and burning grasses; passing over a team of horses, singing them; firing shingles on a house; crossing the Cumberland river and raising a cloud of steam that mounted to the sky. [III; 2057.1, 2057.2. "A Fiery Wind." London Times, August 13, 1869, p. 9 c. 6. (Nashville Daily Press and Times, July 17, 1869; on microfilm.) “Tennessee Wonders....” Charlotte Daily Observer, July 28, 1869, p. 3 c. 4. “The most curious phenomenon which we have ever heard of occurred out in Cheatham county on Wednesday last. The day, it will be remembered, was remarkably hot, so that most people in that county had to seek the shade about noon. At this hour, on the farm of Ed. Sharp, five miles from Ashland, a sort of whirlwind came along over the neighboring woods, taking up small branches and leaves and trees and burning them in a sort of a flaming cylinder that traveled at about five miles an hour, and developing in size as it traveled. It passed directly over the spot where a team of horses were feeding and singed their manes and tails up to the roots, it then swept towards the house, taking a stack of hay in its course, which it set on fire. It seemed to increase in heat as it went, and by the time it reached the house it immediately fired the shingles from end to end of the building, so that in ten minutes the whole dwelling was wrapped in flames. The tall column of traveling caloric then continued its course over a wheat field that had been recently cradled, setting fire to all the stacks which happened to be in its course. Passing from the field, its path lay over a stretch of woods which reached to the river. The green leaves on the trees were crisped to a cinder for a b[r]eadth of twenty yards in straight line to the Cumberland. When the 'pillar of fire' reached the water it suddenly changed its route down the river, raising a column of steam which went up to the clouds for about half a mile, when it finally died out. Not less than two hundred people witnessed this strange phenomena, and all of them tell substantially the same tale about it. The farmer Sharp was left houseless by the devouring element, and his two horses were so affected that no good is expected to be got out of them in the future. Several withered trees in the woods through which it passed were set on fire, and continue burning still.”]


[1869 July 14 /] 1869 Aug 13 / L.T. of, copied from Nashville (Tenn) Pressa column of fire that travelled at the rate of 5 miles an hour. Said to have passed over a wheat field, setting stacks on fire. Whirled like a whirlwindnear Ashland, Tenn, "taking up small branches and leaves of trees and burning them in a [sort of] flaming cylinder"burning several withered trees. / Symons 4-123 / (123). [III; 2058.1, 2058.2. "A Fiery Wind." London Times, August 13, 1869, p. 9 c. 6. "A Fiery Wind." Symons's Meteorological Magazine, 4 (September 1869): 123-124. See: 1869 July 14, (III; 2057).]


1869 July 15 / 8:45 p.m. / Met. slowly from E to N—brilliant light / Vendome (Loir-et-Cher) / Chem News 20-71. [III; 1825. "Chemical Notices from Foreign Sources." Chemical News and Journal of Industrial Science, 20 (August 6, 1869): 69-72, at 71. "Bolide, observé par Eugène Arnoult." Cosmos, s. 3 v. 5 (July 24, 1869.): 92-93.]


1869 July 15 / Bolide at [La] Flèche / La Sci Pour Tous 14-270. [III; 1826. Jouanne, G. "Correspondance." La Science Pour Tous, 14 (no. 34; July 24, 1869): 270.]


1869 July 16 / Met / London, etc. / BA 69-264. [III; 1827. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1868-69." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1869, 216-308, at 264-265.]


[1869 July 16 /] 1869 July 19 / [LT of], 19-6-b / 21-10-f / 30-4-f / Great met of July 16. [III; 1828. Herschel, Alexander Stewart. "The Great Meteor of July 16, 1869." London Times, July 19, 1869, p. 6 c. 2. "The Great Meteor of July 16, 1869." London Times, July 21, 1869, p. 10 c.6. Bird, Frederick. "The Great Meteor." London Times, July 30, 1869, p. 4 c. 6.)]


1869 July 20 / Dark spot on Copernicus. [III; 1829. Detaille, C. "Points sombres énigmatiques observés dans les cratères lunaires." Astronomie, 4 (1885): 308-311, at 309, (illustration).]


[1869 July 20 /] 1868 July 20 / 68? / Dark spot, south wall of Copernicus / L'Astro, 4/309-310. [III; 1418. Detaille, C. "Points sombres énigmatiques observés dans les cratères lunaires." Astronomie, 4 (1885): 308-311, at 309.]


1869 July 20 / 9 h., 35 m / Large meteor / N.Y. City / Weekly Budget, Aug 14. [III; 1830 (Weekly Budget, London, August 14, 1869; microfilm @ BL.) “A Large Meteor.” New York Times, July 21, 1869, p. 8 c. 4.]


1869 July 24 / Near Reading, a dozen "clouded yellow" butterflies. Ac to records, not taken before in Berkshire. Sci Gos 1869-210. [III; 1831. Moses, Henry. "Colias Edusa." Science Gossip, 5 (no. 57; September 1, 1869): 210.]


1869 July 31 / Hail without cloud / At Aberdeen. Rain and hail, and thunder in final 10 minutes of it, the sun shining through heavy rain. / Symons Met Mag. 4/112. [III; 1832. "Meteorological Notes on the Month." Symons's Meteorological Magazine, 4 (August 1869): 111-112, at 112.]


1869 July 31 / Lumps of ice / 2 inches in diameter / great damage at Basle. Bridport News, Aug 20. [III; 1833. "General News." Bridport News, August 20, 1869, p. 4 c. 2-3. "The accounts of the thunderstorm which passed over the neighoourhood of Basle on the 31st ult., are almost incredible, but the latest report as to the destruction of property seem unfortunately to confirm them. Hail-stones, or rather lumps of ice, two inches in diameter, are said to have fallen, fields were laid desolate, branches torn from the trees, sheep killed, and men severely wounded. Some villages look if they had been exposed to volleys of grape-shot; the slates and tiles on the roofs were broken to fragments, and not a single whole pane of glass was, of course, to be found in the whole district."]

  

1869 / summer / Animal / Naturalists' Note Book 1869-255, from Saunders' News-letter—a strange animal caught in a rabbit trap upon the estate of the Marquis Conyngham, at Slane, Co. Meath. Size of a cat—pointed snout—in the mouth four large tusks, two protruding upward and two downward. Covered with strong, dark-brown, wiry hair—small mane running down length of back—twelve toes on each foot. [III; 1834.1, 1834.2. "Capture of a Curious Animal in a Rabbit Snare." Naturalist's Note Book, 3 (1869): 255. "Capture of a Curious Animal in a Rabbit Snare." Saunders's News-Letter,  June 1, 1869, p. 2 c. 6. Fort's "The Animal."]


1869 Aug 1 / BO / (Flesh) / San Francisco Ev. Bulletin, Aug 9. / That another shower of flesh and blood like that in Santa Clara County, sveeral months before, had been reported as having occurred, on the farm of J. Hudson, in Los Nietos Township. Said that the fall lasted about three minutes, starling about a dozen persons who were in Mr. Hudson's home at the time, attending a funeral. Flesh and blood and short, fine hair, came don and covered an area of two acres. / Flesh in fine particles and in strips from one to six inches in length. One of the witnesses, Mr Parker, went to Los Angeles, and as told in the Los Angeles News, of the 3rd, showed the Editor, strips of flesh and one of them "the lower part of a heasrt, in perfect shape, and about one and a half inches long". Said that a large quantity of this flesh had been gathered and preserved. "The day was perfectly clear, and the sun was shining brightly, and there was no perceptible breeze at the time. News of the 4th quoted. Editor writes that he had seen but had chosen not to keep the unpleasant specimens, to the regret of persons who had besieged him. "That the meat fell, we cannot doubt. Even the parsons of the neighborhood are willing to vouch for that. Where did it come from, we dare not even conjecture." [III; 1835.1 to 1835.7. (San Francisco Evening Bulletin, August 9, 1869.) "Nevada, Oregon and Southern California." Daily Alta California, August 3, 1869, p. 1 c. 7. "A shower of meat, blood and hair, at Los Nietos, twelve miles southeast of thin city, yesterday at noon, lasted three minutes. Two acres on the farm of Mr. Hudson were covered with pieces of liver, lights and other meat; one piece ten inches long was brought to this city to-day. The day was clear. A dozen men saw the shower." "The Los Angeles Flesh and Blood Shower." Daily Alta California, August 11, 1869, p. 1 c. 4. "The individual who telegraphed to you from this place about the shower of meat at Los Nietos, in this county, on the 1st of the month, had a very elastic imagination. He covered two acres with liver, lights and blood." "Mr. Rose, a merchant at Los Nietos. stated to me that he saw the shower. Only about two hundred square feet showed traces of it; here and there spatterings of blood on the corn and a few pieces of meat. Old Californians state that it is caused by the California vultures, which, having gorged themselves with dead horse and risen high in the air, eject it from their stomachs either from sickness or in battle with the eagle. They have frequently been seen to do this." "These birds are very large, like the South American vulture, and can take into their stomachs a vast quantity of carrion. They are very partial to dead colts, and upon the specimen brought here for examination were seen fine hairs, evidently of the colt. In this way, no doubt, can we account for the meat showers—which vivid minds enlarge upon and expand, like the tale of 'The Three Black Crows.'" "Los Angeles County Items." Sacramento Daily Union, August 14, 1869, p. 4 c. 7. "Considerable discussion has been elicited over a reported shower of blood and meat which fell in a field of corn at Los Nietos. A piece of the flesh was examined by Dr. Hayes, under a powerful microscope, and discovered to be animal flesh. The solution of the problem seems to be, that it was ejected by a California vulture in its flight from the scene of its engorgement to its home in the mountains. There is nothing unusual in such an occurrence, as we have heard of many well attested facts of a similar nature about these immense voracious birds."]


1869 Sept 10 / (Aug. 1) / (Flesh) / Llangollen (Wales) Advertiser ofshower of flesh at Los Nietos, California, upon area of about 200 square feet. Said that the phe was attributed to disgourging vultures. / (Not in BO). [III; 1836. (Llangollen Advertiser, September 10, 1869; not found here.) "Epitome of News, British and Foreign." Aberystwith Observer, September 11, 1869, p. 3 c. 6-7. "A 'meat shower' recently took place at Los Metos, California. Only about two hundred square feet showed traces of it, and old Californians account for it by saying that it is caused by the Californian vultures, which, having gorged themselves and risen high in the air, eject what they have eaten from their stomachs, either from sickness or in battle with the eagle."]


1869 Aug / People in Peru before the q. terrified because the German scientist Falb had predicted that ab 14th of Sept in consequence of sun and moon being closer to earth than usual there would be a great q. Then came the qs of Aug. / L.T., Oct 18, and preceding issues, see index / See predicted tidal wave later that came. [III; 1837.1, 1837.2. "The West India Mails." London Times, September 16, 1869, p. 10 c. 1. "Earthquakes continued throughout the Peruvian southern provinces, especially at Iquique. Professor Falo's prediction of Peru being visited from the 10th to the 12th of August with similar earthquake catastrophes to those of last ear has not been realized.. Many inhabitants of Callao took to flight, however, dreading an inundation...." "The West India Mail." London Times, September 27, 1869, p. 5 c. 1. "Mr. Falb's prediction that the west coast of South America was to be destroyed about this time by some convulsion of nature had continued exciting the fears of all classes along the coast, which was rapidly losing its inhabitants. Business of all descriptions was at a standstill; according to the latest advices, the fears of the onhabitants had risen to extreme terror from earthquakes." "The West Indies." London Times, September 28, 1869, p. 4 c. 5-6. At Arica, on August 15, a severe shock was felt at 4:30 A.M., followed by lesser shocks at 5 and 9 A.M. "During the days of the 11th, 12th, and 13th, the time at which the first great calamity was to occur, the people being much frightened at the prophecies of the wise ones left the place and went back upon the hills, but during these days no troubles were felt." "The West Indies and Pacific." London Times, October 17, 1869, p. 5 c. 5-6. "Here in Lima and Callao we have not had any severe shocks, but people are, nevertheless, in a state of great alarm, all owing to the German astronomer's ominous prophecies. Many families are leaving the port and coming to Lima, while people in Lima are in their turn emigrating in large numbers to the open country around." “Earthquakes in the Pacific.” London Times, October 18, 1869, p. 8 c. 6. In 1868, Rudolf Falb began an astronomy magazine, (Sirius: Zeitschrift für Populäre Astronomie), and wrote a book, (Grundzüge zu einer Theorie der Erdbeben und Vulcanausbrüche), which would promote his theory that the tidal forces of the moon and sun upon subterranean lava were responsible for the earthquakes and volcanic eruptions on the Earth's surface. Oliver, John A. Westwood. "Earthquake Warnings." Murray's Magazine, 1 (June 1887): 813-822. Falb's predictions of "critical days" were hailed, when an earthquake occurred, but given little attention, when none occurred. Where Alexis Perrey and Charles-Eugène Delaunay predicted a slight increase in earthquake activity due to such tidal effects, Falb attributed major earthquakes to tides as though they could be predicted to precise dates. "Finally, a tidal cause of earthquakes necessarily implies a tidal regularity in their occurrence, and so far as human research has gone, no such regularity is apparent. For these, amongst other reasons, we must refuse to give Falb's theory any more credit than Delauney's from the point of view of physical science. Nor does Falb at all improve his position by including in his vaticinations the state of the weather. Our records of earthquakes may be imperfect, but our weather registers are fairly complete; and if they prove one thing more clearly than another, it is the non-existence of more than the very faintest trace of direct lunar action." Mark Twain offered no theory but anticipated Falb with his own series of earthquake predictions, following the San Francisco earthquake of October 8, 1865. Twain, Mark. "Earthquake Almanac." Golden Era, (San Francisco), October 17, 1865, p. 1 c. 2. For examples: "Oct. 23.–Mild, balmy earthquakes"; "Nov. 1.–Terrific earthquake. This is the great earthquake month. More stars fall and more worlds are slathered around carelessly and destroyed in November than in any other month of the twelve"; and, "Nov. 2.–Spasmodic but exhilarating earthquakes, accompanied by occasional showers of rain, and churches and things." For Saxby's predicted tidal wave, see: 1869 Oct. 8, (III; 2128); and, for the immense wave, see: 1869 Sept. 29, (III: 2105 & 2106).]  


1869 Aug / Insects and drought / 1893. [III; 1838. See: (1893.)]


1869 Aug / Birds, squirrels, white ants, slugs, etc. / See 1907. [III; 1839. See: (1907.)]


1869 Aug / Scarcity and abundance / summer, 1903. [III; 1840. See: (1903, summer.)]


1869 Aug. 1 / Spon Comb / Paris (?) / [Typescript]:


In Cosmos, 3-6-242, is a physician's reportupon a case. It is a communication by Dr. Bertholle to the Societe Medico-Chirugicale: That, upon the first of August, 1869, the police had send to for Dr. Bertholle, in the matter of a woman who had been burned to death. According to Dr. Bertholle, the body was on the floor, between the chimney and the bedremains of a woman of thirty-sevena heavy drinker. There was nothing in the room to indicate the origin of the fire. Other dwellers in the house had heard nothing. The floor, under the body, was burned, but bed clothes, mattress, curtains showed not a trace of fire. Dr. Bertholle's report is technical and detailed: left arm totally consumed; right hand gone; no trace of internal organs in the thorax; organs in the abdomen unrecognizable.


[A; 548. Typescript. Bertholle, Joseph-Théophile. "Combustion humaine spontanée." Cosmos, s. 3 v. 6 (February 26, 1870): 240-242. Bertholle, Joseph-Théophile. "Combustion humaine spontanée." L'Union Médicale, s. 3 v. 9 (February 15, 1870): 251-253.]


1869 Aug. 1 / Spon Comb / France / Paris? / Cosmos 3/6/242. [A; 549. Bertholle, Joseph-Théophile. "Combustion humaine spontanée." Cosmos, s. 3 v. 6 (February 26, 1870): 240-242. See: 1869 Aug. 1, (A; 548).]


1869 Aug. / Ghost at Hampstead. [A; 550. "A Ghost at Hampstead." London Morning Advertiser, August 26, 1869, p. 7 c. 6. "For the past two or three nights great curiosity have been visited in the neighbourhood Heath-street Baptist Chapel, Hampstead, in consequence of  a statement that after dark an apparition might be seen at the top of the school steps within the chapel gates. On Tuesday night the excitement had reached such a point that the services of the police were necessary. They, however, could not at first succeed in dispersing the crowd, which comprised many juveniles, who were bent on enjoying the optical illusion, for such it really is. The 'apparition' is caused by the reflection of light from a gas-lamp directly opposite the chapel on to some stone-work. The lamp had to turned out before the assembly would disperse."]


1869 Aug 3 / Destructive whirlwind, Venice, 2 days before been one north of Venice / London Morn. Advertiser, 16th. [III; 1841. "A Destructive Whirlwind. " London Morning Advertiser, August 16, 1869, p. 6 c. 2. "On the Sunday morning previous, a whirlwind of almost equal violence broke down upon the mountainous region to the north of the Lago di Garda...."]


1869 Aug 3 / Near town of Apaneca, Salvador, the volc of Ahuachapan. / L.T.-Sept. 28-4-f, 1869 / Air was heavily charged with electricity. About noon there came from the volc a whirlwind, like a black column, with loud detonations raising large logs. Followed by heavy rain. [III; 1842. "The West Indies." London Times, September 28, 1869, p. 4 c. 5-6. The Ahuachapán volcano has no recorded eruptive history, but is a thermal feature of the Apaneca range of volcanoes, so this "whirlwind" does not appear to represent a volcanic eruption.]


1869 Aug 6. / Tide at St Vincent ebbed and flowed 15 times between 11 a.m. and 1 p.m. and was ascribed to a great q. somewhere. / Ayrshire Express, Aug. 28. [III; 1843. (Ayrshire Express, August 28, 1869; not at BNA.) "Monday Afternoon, August 23, 1869." Glasgow Evening Citizen, August 23, 1869, p. 2 c. 6. "On the 6th of August the tide at St. Vincent ebbed and flowed fifteen times between 11 a.m. and 1 p.m. No cause is assigned for the phenomenon, but in all probability it may ascribed to the action of an earthquake."]


1869 Aug 7 / 4 observers saw "with the naked eye" a brilliant little object about moon's diameter pass the sun's limb. / (Nature 18-663). And a Mr Vincent with a small telescope saw a crescent-shaped object ab 3 times as far from the sun. / Observatory 3/137 / St Paul's Junction, Iowa. [III; 1844. Hind, John Russell. "Stellar Objects seen during the Eclipse of 1869." Nature, 18 (October 24, 1878): 662-663. Ledger, Edmund. "Observations or supposed observations of the Transits of Intra-Mercurial planets or other Bodies across the Sun's Disk." Observatory, 3 (1879-80): 135-138, at 137.]


1869 Aug 7 / Ec. of sun / J. Sci 7-443. [III; 1845. Gilman, W.S., Jr. "The Eclipse of August 7, 1869.'Anvil' Protuberance." Quarterly Journal of Science, 7 (October 1870): 443-448.]


1869 Aug 7 / NY City / 7:45 p.m., met as bright as Venus shot from point several degrees west of Arcturus. / 9 p.m., met from Vega to point near Antares. / N.Y. Trib. 14-2-3. [III; 1846. Fletcher, Rd. "Brilliant Meteors." New York Tribune, August 14, 1869, p. 2 c. 3.]


1869 Aug 7 / Pop. Astro., 2/332 / at Shelbyville, Kentucky, by Prof. Winlock and Alvan G. Clark, Jr. Small objects crossing field of the finder, in straight line, and by Clark and (Blake) soon after. [III; 1847. "Meteors Observed During a Total Eclipse of the Sun." Popular Astronomy, 2 (no. 7; March 1895): 332-333. Report of the Superintendent of the United States Coast Survey, Showing the Progress of the Survey during then Year 1869. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1872, 136 & 143. A possible explanation for some of these "small objects" seen atop the college building at Shelbyville might be offered, (at page 136): "The birds about the building were apparently quite excited during the totality and flew about wildly."]


1869 Aug 7 / Pop Astro 3/159 / See by Prof Swift at Mattoon, Ill. Saw objects crossing the moontoo improbable that meteorshe thinks they were thistle down. [III; 1848. Swift, Lewis. "Meteors Seen During a Solar Eclipse." Popular Astronomy, 3 (no. 3; November 1895): 159. See: 1878 July 29, (IV; 2410).]


1869 Aug 8 / (+) / N./Y. Times, 1-4 / 7-4-7 / 11-8-3 / 12-4-6 / The eclipse. [III; 1849. "The Eclipse To-Day." New York Times, August 7, 1869, p. 4 c. 7. "The Eclipse." New York Times, August 8, 1869, p. 1 c. 4. "The Eclipse." New York Times, August 11, 1869, p. 8 c. 3. "The Eclipse." New York Times, August 12, 1869, p. 4 c. 6-7.]


1869 Aug 10 / Perseids considered by Mr. Wood to be approaching minimum / BA 70-101. [III; 1850. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1869-70." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1870, 76-102, at 102.]


1869 Aug 10 / Perseids below the average / L.T. 14-9-5. [III; 1851. "The August Meteors." London Times, August 14, 1869, p. 9 c. 5.]


1869 Aug 10 / 146 Perseids counted at Marseilles remarked for large size. London Ev. Star, Aug 25. [III; 1852. (London Evening Star, August 25, 1869; Ipswich Evening Star, not @ BNA for this date???)]


1869 Aug 10 / Capt of vessel bet Bristol and Cork kept watch for Perseids and, though a clear sky, saw not one. / Standard 17-5-7. [III; 1853. Kemp, George. "Meteor Showers." London Standard, August 17, 1869, p. 5 c. 7.]


1869 Aug 12 / Standard of / That near Mendrisio, in the Ticino, a plague of black caterpillars, which entered houses and crept into beds, causing painful swellings by their touch. Thousands been killed, but no decrease in numbers. In some places pubic prayers for removal of the scourge. [III; 1854. "Another Plague." London Standard, August 12, 1869, p. 5 c. 3.]


1869 / summer / Gipsy moth / In Sci Gos, Feb., 1870, cor writes he had liberated a "largish" number of caterpillars of the gipsy moth. Never able afterward to discover cocoons or moths. / March number, someone else had liberated them in Englandnever heard from again. [III; 1855. Clifford, J.R.S. "The Gipsy-Moth (Liparis dispar)." Science Gossip, 6 (no. 62; February 1, 1870): 32. "The Gipsy Moth (Liparis dispar)." Science Gossip, 6 (no. 63; March 1, 1870): 71.]


1869, the "Insect Year" (begins):


[Thayer: "From this point until you read a disclaimer, all the notes were within one wire clip affixed by Fort," (which ends with "1869 / autumn, (III; 2056.).]


1869 / summer / Gypsy moth first appear in Amer? / Said that a French Canadian had brought a caterpillar from Europe in 1869, experimenting upon hybrid silkworms that could withstand the climate, and then spread. / Chicago Tribune, July 15. [III; 1856. “Ravages of a New Pest.” Chicago Tribune, July 26, 1890, p. 9 c. 3-4. "A New Insect Pest." Rural New Yorker, 49 (January 18, 1890): 40. "Massachusetts Vs. The Gypsy Moth." Rural New Yorker, 49 (July 12, 1890): 446-447. "The Gypsy Moth." Indianapolis Journal, May 3, 1895, p. 4 c. 7. Étienne Léopold Trouvelot, (not a French Canadian), while at Medford, Massachusetts.]


1869 Aug / Syrphi / Isle Wight / Aug. 14, 1864. [III; 1857. See: 1864 Aug 14, (III; 592)]


1869 Aug / Insect year / 1892. [III; 1858. See: (1892.)]


1869 Aug / Insect year / 1886. [III; 1859. See: (1886).]


1869 Aug / Swarms of 1921 / not said insect famine but drought equals this. [III; 1860. See: (1921).]


1869 / summer / Locusts in England / Notes and Queries 2/4/267, 397 / 5/37. [III; 1861. Taylor, Henry W.S. "Locusts in England." Notes and Queries, s. 2 v. 4 (October 3, 1857): 267. "Locusts in England." Notes and Queries, s. 2 v. 4 (November 14, 1857): 397-398. Taylor, E.S. "Locusts in England." Notes and Queries, s. 2 v. 5 (January 9, 1858): 37.]


1869 Aug / Butterflies one place / ants other place / July 16, 1926. [III; 1862. See: 1926 July 16, (XI; 696).]


1869 Aug / Insects scarce and abundant / See summer, 1865. [III; 1863. See: (1865).]


1869 Aug / Swarms / 1888. [III; 1864. See: (1888).]


1869 Aug / Insects / See autumn, 1872. [III; 1865. See: 1872 autumn, (IV: 975 & 976).]


1869 Aug 12 / Insects / See Sept., 1921. [III; 1866. See: 1921 Sept 24, (X; 1514).]


1869 Oct / Locusts and drought in England / July 6, 1921. [III; 1867. See: 1921 July 6, (X; 1371).]


1869 Aug 12 / A green fly in London / Feb 21, 1921. [III; 1868. See: 1921 Feb 21, (D; 1243).]


1869 Aug 13 / Swarms / 1892. [III; 1869. See: (1892).]


1869 Aug 10 / Insects and drought / June, July, etc., 1921. [III; 1870. See: (1921).]


1869 Aug 13 / Locusts / Ireland / London / Aug 31, 1857. [III; 1871. See: 1857 Aug 31, (II; 2082).]


1869 Oct / Locusts and sunpots / Editorial, N.Y. Times, 1879, Jan 15-4-6. [III; 1872. "The maximum and minimum of sun-spots...." New York Times, January 15, 1879, p. 4 c. 6-7.]


1869 Oct / Locusts in Feb., in England / 1875. [III; 1873. See: 1875 Feb 25, (IV; 1609).]


1869 Aug. / Insect year / 1846. [III; 1874. See: (1846).]


1869 Aug 10 / Hosts of saw flies and ladybirds / Aug 2, 1858. [III; 1875. See: 1858 July 31, (II; 2218).]


1869 Aug. / Locust in winter / Feb 25, 1875. [III; 1876. See: 1875 Feb 25, (IV; 1609).]


1869 Oct / Locusts / appeared in 1846 / Field, Oct 23, 1869. [III; 1877. Briggs, John Joseph. "The Egyptian Locust." Field, October 23, 1869, p. 347. "In 1846 there was a considerable number captured, but usually by single individuals, and they appeared as far north as Sutherlandshire."]


1869 Oct / Locusts / Ireland / London / 1857 / [LT], Sept 1-7-d / 2-7-d / Aug 31-8-c. [III; 1878. "A Strange Visitor." London Times, August 31, 1857, p. 8 c. 3. "A Live Locust in London." London Times, September 1, 1857, p. 7 c. 4. "Locusts in England." London Times, September 2, 1857 p. 7 c. 6. See: 1857 Aug 3, (II; 2082). These reports of locusts are from 1857, (not 1869).]


1869 Aug 13 / "Harpatus" / near Dover / Aug 12, 1839. [III; 1879. See: 1839 Aug 12, ([II; 74).]


1869 Aug 13 / (Col) / Ants of a foreign species / Jan. 10, 1913. [III; 1880. See: 1913 Jan 10, (MB-I; 295).]


1869 Aug / Aphides / July 24, 1839. [III; 1881. See: 1839 July 24, (II; 64).]


1869 / summer / See Summer Insects, etc., 1892. [III; 1882. See: (1892).]


1869 Aug / L.B. / See Aug 8, 1826. [III; 1883. See: 1826 Aug 8, (I; 1274).]


1869 Aug 13 / (+) / L.B. / (Lead up to all year) / See Aug 20, 1864. / See July 24, '69. [III; 1884. See: (1864 Aug 20), and, 1869 July 24, (III; 1973, 1974, & 1985).]


1869 Aug / L.B.'s / Summer of 1807. [III; 1885. See: 1807 Aug ?, (I; 207).]


1869 Oct / No locust in immature state in Britain ever recorded / Sci Gos, May 1895, p. 83. [III; 1886. Briggs, Charles Adolphus. "Locusts in London." Science Gossip, n.s., 2 (no. 15; May 1895): 83.]


1869 Oct / Locust in Eng. / Feb. 25, 1875. [III; 1887. See: 1875 Feb 25, (IV; 1609).]


1869 Oct / Locusts / England and Ireland / Aug 31, 1857. [III; 1888. See: 1857 Aug 31, (II; 2082).]


1869 (Oct) / Great numbers of locusts in England in 1846 / Field, Oct. 3, 1857. [III; 1889. (Field, October 3, 1857; not at BNA.) See: 1846, (II; 913).]


1869 Oct / Spiders / Just such a fall of spiders away from webs, in Oct 5, 1869. [III; 1890. See: 1869 Oct 4, (III; 1928).]


1869 Aug / L.B. / Aug 8, 1826 / Always about at Brighton. [III; 1891. See: 1826 Aug 8, (I; 1274).]


1869 Aug 31 / See b. swan, 1846. / Black swan killed near Lowestoft "without the slightest traces of an escaped bird. / Zoologist 1869-1867. [III; 1892. Gunn, T.E. "Black Swan on the Suffolk Coast." Zoologist, s. 2 v. 4 (1869): 1867.]


1869 Aug 13 / Swarms / 2 kinds / March 25, 1889. [III; 1893. See: 1889 March 25, (VI; 1588).]


1869 Aug / Insects / See 1893. / summer. [III; 1894. See: (1893).]


1869 / summer / Daily News / have Aug 15Sept 15. [III; 1895.]


1869 July-Aug / LLoyd's Weekly Newspaper / Have. [III; 1896.]


1869 Aug 13 / Ladybirds / France / No mention in Petites Nouvelles Entomologiques. [III; 1897.]


1869 Aug 13 / Nothing of L.B. in Cosmos. [III; 1898.]


1869 Aug 13 / L.B. / Nothing findable in Jour. des Debats. [III; 1899.]


1869 Aug 13 / Nothing of L. birds in Rev. et Mag de Zoologie, 1869. [III; 1900.]


1869 Aug 13 / L.B. / No mention of ladybirds in pubs of Ent Socs of France and Belg. / Nothing in L'Abeille. [III; 1901.]


1869 / summer / BO / In Battersea Park (London) clouds of insects, hovering over trees in such smoke-like volume that people thought trees been set afire. / Field, June 4, 1870, p. 474. [III; 1902. "Clouds of Insects." Field, June 4, 1870, p. 474.]


[1869] / Insect famine might mean mysterious awareness other parts of this earth. / But the foreign lb's clearly (?) not of this Earthnot of England, not from France. [III; 1903.]


1869 Aug 13 / See Aug 13, 1841. / Ramsgate, etc. / vast swarms ladybirds / L.T. Index. [III; 1904. "Ladybirds." London Times, August 19, 1869, p. 4 c. 6. "The Great Flight of Ladybirds." London Times, August 21, 1869, p. 5 c. 2. "Lady-Birds." London Times, August 25, 1869, p. 4 c. 5. "Lady-Birds." London Times, August 28, 1869, p. 10 c. 6. There is no note regarding ladybirds for August 13, 1841. See: 1847 August 16, etc., (II; 1137).]


1869 Aug 13 / The lb's described in The Field of Aug 28. "Strange to say, they are all, with a very few exceptions, yellow." Cor writes that never before had he, so far as he could remember, seen yellow ladybirds of this species (the seven-spotted), the yellow ones in his experience having been the 22-spotted. [III; 1905.1, 1905.2. "Ladybirds." Field, August 28, 1869, p. 175.]


1869 Aug 14 / l.b. / Dover "covered with them". / Sci. Op. 2-26. "I some exceptional instances being accompanied by number of wasps." [III; 1906. (Scientific Opinion, 2-26.)]


1869 Aug 13 / In the Thanet Advertiser (Ramsgate and Margate News). The enormous numbers told of and it is said that there could be no doubt that they had come from the Continent. [III; 1907. "Extraordinary Swarm of Lady Birds." Thanet Advertiser, August 21, 1869, p. 3 c. 1.]


1869 Aug 14 / Ramsgate / bathers with a rash of them / eczema of them. [III; 1908.]


1869 Aug 13 / ldbs / The slaughter enormous. Whereever passed over water, it caught manyD. News, Aug 23cor tells of skimming hundreds from a cistern. [III; 1909. "Lady-Birds." London Daily News, August 23, 1869, p. 5 c. 1.]


1869 Aug 13 / In Land and Water, quoted L.T., Aug 21, description of them, pointing out their "feeble flight". Spoken of as coming "in clouds from foreign shores"What foreign shores? [III; 1910. (Land and Water, 1869.) "The Great Flight of Ladybirds." London Times, August 21, 1869, p. 5 c. 2. "Whence these ladybirds came and where they were hatched, whether in Central Russia, France, or Germany, and how they managed to fly with feeble wings across the sea between England and the Continent, no hman beings knows."]


1869 Aug 13 / Aug 21, Rugby Gazette, said that latter part of the week of 7-14th. the lbs had covered the cliffs at Walton-on-the-Naze (Essex), having come from inlandon the 15th were flying back. Nothing said that were seen coming from inland, simply that they appeared and thickly covered the ground. [III; 1911.1, 1911.2. (Rugby Gazette, August 21, 1869; not at BNA.)]


1869 Aug 13 / (+) / Editorial in the Field, Aug 28In many parts of Kent, fires lighted to burn them; in Folkstoneso recorded—drains opened and bushels of them swept in. / (+) "Our friend Mr. Jenner Weir thinks these migrants slightly different [in colour] from the ordinary English specimens of the same insect. The red is paler, and there are divers slight differences that rather indicate a foreign origin." [III; 1912.1, 1912.2. "During the pressent month...." Field, August 28, 1869, pp. 171-172.]


1869 Aug 13 / Stress that a yellow flight (foreign) / Do red describing for 1848. [III; 1913.]


1869 Aug / Field, Oct. 1, 1864 / Editor writes that ladybirds move from place to place in search of aphides but otherwise are not migratory. [III; 1914. “Earwigs and Ladybirds.” Field, October 1, 1864, p. 240.]


1869 Aug 13 / Plan / Tell ladybirds. Syrps with them. / What other go back to June. The mystery of cold space. Answer is rising temperature with insects of October with warm air. [III; 1915.]


1869 Aug / L.b's / Worcestershire visited by a plague of them. / Field, March 12, 1870. [III; 1916. "Ladybirds." Field, March 12, 1870, p. 221.]


1869 / Entomologists Annual, 1870, says was an insect-famine so that many swallows starved to death. [III; 1917. Knaggs, H. Guard. "Notes on New and Rare British Lepidoptera (Excepting Tineina) in 1869." Entomologists Annual, 1870, 121-135, at 121-122.]


1869 Aug / N. / L.B. / Trans. Norfolk and Norwich Naturalists Soc.-1-62 / Mr. T. Southwell tells of the arrival of the ladybirds in Norfolk. He thinks that their onward movements in search of food would account for the appearance on the shore that led to the idea they had come from the Continent, unable to accept that their powers of flight could have carried them over the sea. He says that upon July 24th off Hunstanton was seen a mass of dead ladybirds in a stripe ten feet broad and two or three miles along. These ladybirds he thinks had left the Norfolk shore alighting on sand then drowned in a rising tide.  At this place was a tremendous swarm of Syrphidae, that it seems had accompanied the ladybirds and were saved by their superor powers of flight. He thinks that those of August could never have come from the Continent, but unobserved had gone out from the Norfolk coast and had been blown back. [III; 1918.1 to 1918.5. Southwell, Thomas. "Note on the Recent Visitation of Lady-Birds, &c." Transactions of the Norfolk and Norwich Naturalists' Society, 1 (1869-1874): 62-64.]


1869 Aug 13 / In the Times, Aug 28, cor describes the cloud that came in an East wind as if from Calais. Asks that naturalists in France find where the origin. [III; 1919. "Lady-Birds." London Times, August 28, 1869, p. 10 c. 6.]


1869 Aug 15 / L.B.'s / London account in Zoologist 2/4/1840 / and 1922. [III; 1920. Healy, Charles. "A Swarm of Ladybirds." Zoologist, s. 2 v. 4 (1869): 1840. Cordeaux, John. "The Last of the Ladybirds." Zoologist, s. 2 v. 4 (1869): 1922.]


1869 Aug / LB / They made trees look fruitful and eccentric as to size of the cluster. Strawberries on elm trees, oak trees with tomatoes, etc. [III; 1921.]


1869Aug 13 / (Times) / Reached London on 15th. / Children scooping them up and filling paper bags with them. Someone explains that so abundant because state of the climate favorable this year (but see other notes on unfav.). Such explainers ignore that the lb's were seen to arrive in England. Spread not only to London. Times, 28th, that on 14th, 15th, 16[th], "countless multitudes" appeared upon the coast of Kent and Sussex. / On 15th, at Dover, another "enormous multitude of these insects, like a cloud, coming over the sea as if from Calais. Said that earlier this day had been a similar occurrence when they had rattled against east windows like colored hail. This writer can't think that swarm after swarm had been blown from English shores and then blown back. He has to think they came from France and hopes observers there can explain. [III; 1922.1 to 1922.4. "Ladybirds." London Times, August 19, 1869, p. 4 c. 6. "Lady-Birds." London Times, August 28, 1869, p. 10 c. 6.]


1869 Aug 14-15 / (+) / Ramsgate / lb's / "Languid and weak, either from long flight or absence of food." "The majority were of large size and of a dull yellow hue." / The Student 4-160. [III; 1923. "Great Swarm of Lady-Birds." Student and Intellectual Observer, 4 (1870): 160.]


1869 Aug 18 / Standard of—Cor. writes that Lady birds had appeared upon the coast of Essex covering the cliffs of Walton-on-the-Naze. So incrediable the notion that they had flown from France that this writer, like others, says that a wind blowing from England appeared to have taken them E out to sea—wind veering—carrying them back. Standard, Aug 19—at Hastings—impossible to take a step without crushing some. 2 letters upon vast swarms in London on 14th and 15th. Standard, Aug. 20—swarms in St. Leonard's-on-Sea, Southend, Essex and Bedford. Cor from St. Leo. writes "They all seem to be much larger than the common ladybird; of a paler color, with more spots. Standard, 21st, at Woodbridge—"myriads." [III; 1924.1, 1924.2, 1924.3. "Ladybirds." London Standard, August 19, 1869, p. 7 c. 1. "Ladybirds." London Standard, August 20, 1869, p. 5 c. 2. Brook, Henry W. “The Flight of Lady-Birds.” London Standard, August 21, 1869, p. 3 c. 2.]


1869 Aug 14 / ac to cor to Times of 21st or 28th / On 15th, a cloud of lb's at Dover / As if coming from Calais. [III; 1925. "Lady-Birds." London Times, August 28, 1869, p. 10 c. 6.]


1869 Aug 13 / (BugEvidence) / All flights ab. Aug 13. / Not another here since 1869. / Notes upon U.S. phe especially abundant between 1880 and 1895 but not one. / See 1902 instancecosmic times / But aphides of this earth do migrate. / There are no flights of terrestral ladybirds. / Then we conceive of an impulse somewhere else ab. Aug. 13. / Then arriving in a well aggregated column and vigorous they did not come far. [III; 1926.1, 1926.2.]


1869 Oct 3 (.) / Spiders / Kendal Mercury 9-4-3 / That soon after the 3rd, people became conscious of an unusual presence in the air. Said they were spidersair alive with themmyriads of small brown insects upon long streamers. Said covered the town and neighborhood. Said that they came in with more genial weather. [III; 1927.1, 1927.2. "A Shower of Spiders." Kendal Mercury, October 9, 1869, p. 2 c. 6.]


1869 Oct 4 / Spiders / Carlisle / Carlisle Journal 5-2-4 / A shower of spiders a dark mahogany color an came down in countless numbers. Ac to description not aeronautical spiders, no mention of falling webs, but said that after landing they began to spin webs. "Small spiders, resembling ants in form, but smaller." Webs were "whiter and more visible than those of ordinary spiders". [III; 1928.1, 1928.2. (Carlisle Journal, October 5, 1869, p. 2 c. 4; 1869 not at BNA.)]


1869 Oct 8 / (spiders) / The account is in Daily News 14-6-1. Same account. [III; 1972. "Strange Phenomenon." London Daily News, October 14, 1869, p. 6 c. 1.]


1869 Oct. 12 (before) / Tiverton Times of(same cor as other note) / That a day or two before writinghad seen in a field and also in the streets of Tiverton a vast number of strands of spider web, and spiders moving in the air. Says that members of the British Association lived in Tiverton but they had not explained. [III; 1929.1, 1929.2. (Tiverton Times, October 12, 1869; not at BNA.) “Extraordinary Visitation of Spiders.” Cork Daily Herald, October 14, 1869 p. 2 c. 6.]


1869 Oct. 15 / Webs / Tiverton Times, Oct. 19That South Moulten had been visited on 15th by "a wonderful phenomenon. About noon suddenly came intense heat equal to any temperature in July. In the forenoon had been noted "cobwebs like pieces of cotton" floating in the air. They increased in numbers and continued to fall all the rest of the day "in wondrous quantitiescovering fieldshouses, persons, silk hats seeming to have a special attraction for them. "They were perfectly white, and in the form of immensely long shreds, at intervals on which were large flocculent masses like balls of gun cotton." "The shreds were quite tough, like hemp, and extremely coarse" but they were composed of striated fibres. "It appeared remarkable that insects were not entangled by them." "Some few say that they remarked small spiders attached in rare instances." The wind was northwest by north. The northwest writer says that in Barnstaple, 12 miles to the W.N.W., they had not appeared. [III; 1930.1 to 1930.5. (Tiverton Times, October 19, 1869; not at BNA.)]


1869 Oct. 12 / (Flies) / Tiverton Times of / Cor writes that swarms of flies had collected against the upper window of the Town Hall. "Myriads of the the insects were there congregated and gave two or three of the windows a blackened appearance." "A short time since." He hopes that readers who had been accounting for the plague of ladybirds might explain this phe. He tells of the spider webs. [III; 1931.1, 1931.2. (Tiverton Times, October 12, 1869; not at BNA.)]


1869 Oct / Spiders / Plymouth paper / Western Daily Mercury/ nothing. [III; 1932.]


1869 Oct 15 / Where L and D, nothing in Luton Gazette and Dunstable Courier. [III; 1933.]


1869 (Oct 4) / Tiverton Times of Oct 19, in commenting upon fall at Carlisle (in another column), says that "A similar visitation was noticed at Kendal, but no explanation has as yet been offered for the strange phenomenon." / K. is 35 miles from Carlisle. [III; 1934.1, 1934.2. (Tiverton Times, October 19, 1869; not at BNA.)]


1869 Nov 19 / See Oct. / E Mec of / That the town of S. Moulton, N. Devon, had been visited by cobwebs. "They were perfectly white, in long shreds, some many yards in length, quite tough, extremely coarse. Insects were not entangled in them, but in a few instances spiders were seen attached to them. The microscope revealed them to be composed of striated fibre distinctly separated, at distances nucleated." [III; 1935.1, 1935.2, 1936. "Singular Phenomenon." English Mechanic, 10 (no. 243; November 19, 1869): 235-236.]


1869 Oct 15 / Point is, I have looked in Barnstaple and Bideford Times and other papers. Seems that this great fall that was seen, so far as I can find out, only at Carlisle, did come down. / (Tiverton 18 miles SE of S Moulton) / Not at Tiv, either. [III; 1937.]


1869 Aug / L.B. det / dropping ona cloud of them taking the form of Westminster Abbeydark cloud precipitating enormous crystal / own suspicion that everything that had form only outlines upon underlying pattern. [III; 1938. (Refs???)]


[III; 1939. "Duplicate of III-1982." See: 1869 Aug 31, (III; 1892).]


1869 / summer / All the invasions at or near the Coast. [III; 1940.]


1869 Oct, early in / Cor to The Field, Nov. 27, writes that 2 locusts had been captured at Burton-on-Trent. Says that not the locust that had frequently before been seen in England but was the locust of northern Africa and Asia. So far as he was aware, the insect had never before visited Europe. [III; 1941.1, 1941.2. Brown, Edwin. “A New Species of Migratory Locust.” Field, November 27, 1869, p. 458.]


1869 Oct / The Burton locust. It was exhibited at the Meeting of the Entomological Society, Nov. 15, 1869"It appeared to be identical with a species [of which the British Museum possess five examples] from North Bengal." It was found in a yard of a brewery and one of the entomologists suggested it came from N. Bengal in an empty returned ale cask. This would have it only coincidence with the locusts of Plymouth, etc. [III; 1942.1, 1942.2. "November 15, 1869." Transactions of the Entomological Society of London, 17 (1869): Proceedings, 24-27, at 24, (xxiv).]


1869 Oct 8-9 / Locusts / Writer in the Journal of the Plymouth Institute 4-156 says that he believes there is no record of a previous visit to England b these locusts (Acridium peregrinum). "The heat in the shade on the 8th and 9th was 74 degrees and 76 degrees Fahr. May not the temperature have influenced the migration?" / My own notion is that volume of heated air and the locusts from the same place. [III; 1943.1, 1943.2. Rowe, Joshua Brooking. "Natural History Notes." Annual Reports and Transactions of the Plymouth Institution and Devon and Cornwall Natural History Society, 4 (1869-1873): 154-156 , at 156.]


1869 Oct / Ent. Mo. Mag. of / And yet a cor writes that ac to his experience and reading, insects had been unusually scarce, summer of 1869. / Editor writes that especially white butterflies had been unusually scarce. / In Jan, 1870, issue, someone else writes upon the subject, especially the scarcity of butterflies. / Feb., 1870, p. 218, another writes and mentions "the unfavorable season" of 1869. [III; 1944.1, 1944.2. Marsden, Herbert. "Note on the scarcity of Lepidoptera in 1869." Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 6 (January, 1870): 191. Bloomfield, E.N. "Lepidoptera captured at Guestling in 1869." Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 6 (February 1870): 218.]


1869 Oct / locusts / In Ent Mo Mag 7-1, said these locusts were new to European fauna. Said mentioned in no work upon European Orthoptera (Italics). Said at Plymouth many taken; so large that one of them was thought to be an escaped canary. The writer says that he had investigated. Had a query published in a French entomological publication, but no news reached him that they been seen in any part of Europe. He says that if had come from Africa, scarcely likely that the passage would have escaped notice in Italy, France or Spain. / Here said was an African locust but in the Entomologist said appeared to be identical with a species from Bengal. / Here mention 5 counties in which been seen. [III; 1945.1 to 1945.4. Brown, Edwin. "Remarks on the Recent Migration to Britain of Acridium Peregrinum, a Locust New to the European Fauna." Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 7 (June 1879): 1-3. Newman, Edward. "English Locusts." Entomologist, 5 (January 1870); 13-14.]


1869 / BO / Cor, Field, Aug 28, says of those that visited Shropshire, were yellow of a species he had no recollection of having ever seen before. / In a "leader" the Editor writes that in opinion of Mr Jenner Weir they were different from ordinary English specimens. "The red is paler, and there are divers slight differences that rather indicate a foreign origin." [III; 1946.1, 1946.2. “During the present month....” Field, August 28, 1869, pp. 171-172.]


1869 Aug. 13 / BO / LBs / Nothing in Bibliotheque Universelle nor Revue des Cours Scientifiques. [III; 1947.]


1869 July / Cor to Sci Op., 3-261, saw oblong white objects ab inch long on leaves and found them to be cotton-like secretions of a new insect for which he proposed the name Coccus flocciferus. [III; 1948. "A New Insect: Coccus Flocciferus." Scientific Opinion, 3 March 16, 1870): 261. Westwood, John Obadiah. "The various instincts exhibited by different species of animals...." Gardeners' Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, 1870 (March 5): 308, (illustration). Westwood's new species was named Pulvinaria floccifera.]


1869 Aug 13 / In Galignani's Messenger (Aug 22) (Paris), the invasion of England by the lb's is told of. But no mention in any issue of this newspaper of lb's seen in or going from, France. / Also told of 5th and Sept. 4. [III; 1949. "Ladybirds." Galignani's Messenger, August 22, 1869, p. 2 c. 3. "Ladybirds." London Times, August 19, 1869, p. 4 c. 6. The Galignani's Messenger copied the Times article.]


1869 / Scarcity / Field, Sept 4 / Cor writes that he had been in more than 6 weeks at Axminster he had seen exactly 4 houseflies. [III; 1950. “House Flies, Wasps, &c.” Field, September 4, 1869, p. 193.]


1869 (Aug. 25) / BO / p. 193 / This is Sci Op. 2-292 / "Thrips. [III; 1951. (Scientific Opinion, 2-292.)]


1869 Aug 12 / L.B. / See Aug., 1807. [III; 1952. See: 1807 Aug ?, (I; 207).]


1869 Sept 8 / Myriads of lb's near the Humber. / Zoologist 1869-1922. [III; 1953. Cordeaux, John. "The Last of the Ladybirds." Zoologist, s. 2 v. 4 (1869): 1922.]


(1869) / BO / LBs / First ap at Ramsgate on 9th. / Land and Water, Aug 21 / Det glitter in sunlight / L.W., Sept 4 / Amusing description of 5 cats attracted to a lawn, gazing with amazement at the multitudes on the lawn, gazing as intently as if hypnotized. [III; 1954.1, 1954.2. (Land and Water, August 21, 1869. Land and Water, September 4, 1869.)]


1869 Sept 5 and 6./ BO / Inverness Courier, Sept. 9that suburbs of Burntisland infested with swarms of the fly known as the "spinning jenny". "They literally covered the Links and road east of the town, and clustered in the doorways and window sills of the houses." [III; 1955. "A Plague of Flies." Inverness Courier, September 9, 1869, p. 3 c. 6.]


1869 / BO / Locusts peculiarity is that though a main swarm in Oct, others earlier. One Sept 14th, and one in August in Gloucestershire. / Field, Oct. 23. [III; 1956. Briggs, John Joseph. “The Egyptian Locust.” Field, October 23, 1869, p. 347.]


1869 Aug 28 / Gardener's Magazine ofdiscussion of the subject, said, p. 100, that in 1868 the caterpillar of the small white butterfly had been common. So how account for the rarity in 1869? [III; 1957. (Gardeners' Magazine, v. 12, (Gardener's Weekly Magazine, and Floricultural Cabinet), August 28, 1869, p. 100.)]


1869 Aug 28 and Sept 4 / Ayrshire Express ofseveral notices of hummingbirds that had been seen in different places in Scotland. The Editor writes that they must have been hummingbird moths. [III; 1958. (Ayrshire Express, August 28, 1869. Ayrshire Express, September 4, 1869; not at BNA. Only one hummingbird was reported in John Ballantine's garden, at Cumnock, Scotland, in a few newspapers.)]


1869 Aug 20 / BO / Scarce / Standard / Writers says that at St Leonard's-on-Sea, all insects except ladybirds and black ants were "few and far between". / Showered down at Shoeburyness that men interfered with in work in the brick fields. / Standard, 20th. [III; 1959.1, 1959.2, 1959.3. "Ladybirds." London Evening Standard, August 20, 1869, p. 2 c. 6.]


1869 Aug. 24 / BO / At Long Benton appeared immense number of Pieris rapae, so scarce everywhere else. / Ent. Mo. Mag., Dec, 1869. Swarms falling every garden. Thousands killed by the gardeners. [III; 1960. Bold, T.J. "Great abundance of Pieris rapae." Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 6 (December 1869): 171.]


1869 Aug 18 / BO / Aberdeen Free Press, Aug 20 / For two hours Inverness invaded by midges. "At some points the cloud was so dense that people had to hold their breath and run through." [III; 1961. "An extraordinary flight of midges...." Aberdeen Free Press, August 20, 1869, p. 8 c. 5.]


1869 Aug 18 / The midges told of in Inverness Courier, of 19th, and said that been unusual number of aphides. [III; 1962. "Flight of Midges." Inverness Courier, August 19, 1869, p. 5 c. 6.]


1869 Aug 14 / Standard of / Extraordinary abundance in Donegal Bay, of salmon, mackeral, herrings and other species. [III; 1963. "Remarkable Abundance of Fish in Donegal Bay." London Standard, August 14, 1869, p. 3 c. 3.]


1869 / For several days early in Septair full and earth covered with yet another swarm of insects. / Gardener's Chronicle, Sept 18 / This at Beccles for several daysgnats "nothing like such an infliction had ever been seen by the 'oldest inhabitant.'" [III; 1964. "Yet another Swarm of Insects." Gardeners' Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, 1869 (September 18): 991.]


[1869] / BO / LBs / Land and Water, Aug 28 / Cor writes that with them were osome with colors reversed: black bodies and red spots. / Sept 4In Land & W, description of the invasion of 15th. Watched as a dark cloud coming in from the sea. [III; 1965. (Land and Water, August 28, 1869.)]


1869 / BO / Fireflies had been so numerous that they had been "denounced as a nuisance". [III; 1966. "Fire-Flies in Surrey." London Times, July 20, 1869, p. 11 c. 1. "Having been in the tropics, I recognized my beautiful visitors, which had been, so numerous were they, denounced as nuisances."]


1869 / BO / L. and W., Sept 4description of cloud of beetles thought to have been (Aphodius contaminatus) last of August, at Ullswater. An army that flew in regiments occupying ½ hour in passing. [III; 1967. (Land and Water, September 4, 1869.)]


1869 [July 31] / BO / Shower of frogs at Henwick, near Worcester. / Dover Telegraph, Aug 25. [III; 1968. (Dover Telegraph, August 25, 1869; not at BNA.) "Shower of Frogs near Worcester." Birmingham Daily Gazette, August 5, 1869, p. 6 c. 6. "A correspondent sends us the following:—On Saturday evening last, about seven o’clock, I happened to make a call upon a friend in the Henwick road, near Worcester, and, after a little conversation, lasting a quarter of an hour, I resumed my walk up the road; but, to my great astonishment, found the way, for a quarter of a mile, covered with myriads of minute frogs, hopping about as lively as so many newly-landed little sailors. They were about the size of a sixpence or a shilling, some a little larger. Now, I should state that nothing of the kind was visible fifteen minutes before,—that is, when we entered our friend’s dwelling. Talking to a respectable person in the neighbourhood upon the subject, we were informed that a similar phenomenon occurred something like a year ago; but, on that occasion, they were toads, not frogs, being of a much darker colour."]


[1869 July 31 /] 1869 Aug 7 / frgs / Cor to Weekly Budget (London), Aug 14 / On Henwick road, near Worcester road, for ¼ mile covered with myriads of little frogs size of a sixpence to a shilling. He had passed that way ¼ of an hour before and not one visible. Says were frogs and not toads. Says year before such an invasion of little toads had been seen. [III; 2033.1, 2033.2. (Weekly Budget, London, August 14, 1869; microfilm @ BL.)  See: 1869 July 31, (III; 1968).]


1869 Aug 21 / Insects / Field of / Cor writes that one afternoon "last week" (so about middle of August) there was a swarm of midges or "thunder bugs" between Wingham and Adisham. Seems not of local origin. Cor's clothes covered. So other persons who said "that they had never previously been so assailed." [III; 1969.1, 1969.2. "Extraordinary Swarm of Midges." Field, August 21, 1869, p. 159.]


1869 August / At Long Benton. Immense swarms of small, black Thrips swarmed into houses and were swept from the walls and floors like dust; doorsteps black with thousands of them. / Ent. Mo Mag, 1869-171. [III; 1970. Bold, T.J. "Great abundance of Thrips." Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 6 (December 1869): 171.]


1869 Aug 25 / Scarborough / sudden appearance of myriads of a minute winger insect. of a species of "Thrips / There had been similar swarms in the summer of 1859. / Sci Opinion 2-292. [III; 1971. (Scientific Opinion, 2-292.)]


1869 July 24 / Dead Ladybirds on Norfolk Coast. / See Aug trans Norfolk. Syriphidaes with them. [III; 1973. Southwell, Thomas. "Note on the Recent Visitation of Lady-Birds, &c." Transactions of the Norfolk and Norwich Naturalists' Society, 1 (1869-1874): 62-64.]


1869 July 24 / Off coast of Norfolk a mass of dead ladybirds ab. 10 feet broad and two or three miles long. / Sci Gos 1869-231 / Ab 9 miles from Coast. / At same time an immense swarm of Syrphidae. [III; 1974. Southwell, Thomas. "Insect Visitation." Science Gossip, 5 (no. 58; October 1, 1869): 231-232, at 231.]


1869 Sept 12 / Boro' Bridge / Unknown little moth caught. The wings were composed of feathers. Nothing like it described in Newman's British Moths and similar works. / Sci Op 2-359. [III; 1975. (Scientific Opinion, 2-359.)]


1869 Oct 8 / BO / 2 p.m. / Large white flakes if web fell at Cowes. / L. and Water, Oct 23 / And an "immense quantity of flakes" at Andover, Sept 29, ac to F. Buckland. According to my records these 6 (?) falls in period of 2 weeks more than equalled all other such falls in England since the year 1800. [III; 1976.1, 1976.2. (Land and Water, October 23, 1869.)]


1869 Aug 25 / Field of Aug 28 / Margate "overwhelmed" by a new invasion. A wasp-like flytwo species. Tremendous numbers. "They are slim, stupid and hungry, and quite harmless." Another cor"On Wednesday [25th] I went to Ramsgate by steamboat, and as we approached within five or six miles of Margate complaints of wasps began to be heard. I soon ascertained that they were no wasps, but a bee-like fly. As we neared Margate they increased to millions, and at Margate pier they were almost unendurable." He sent some specimens to the Editor, who identified 2 species of Syrphus. Someone else wrote that a swarm had appeared before this swarm at Forest Hill. The Editor identified specimens as of one of the preceding and also of a third species of Syrphus. [III; 1977.1 to 1977.4. “Large Flights of Insects.” Field, August 28, 1869, p. 175.]


1869 Aug 24 / At Long Benton. "Immense swarms of small, white Pieris rapae. / Ent Mo. Mag 1869-171 / Thousands were killed by the gardeners. / his is the butterfly that had been so scarce. In Ent pubs, number of comments upon the scarcity of small white butterfly Pieris Rapae. In the Entomologist 1869-300, Edward Newman writes that up to July 12, he had seen only 3 specimens. Pp 313-315, half a dozen cors confirm this. [III; 1978.1, 1978.2. Bold, T.J. "Great abundance of Pieris rapae." Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 6 (December 1869): 171. Newman, Edward."Scarcity of White Butterflies." Entomologist, 4 (August 1869): 300. Stowell, Hugh A. "Scarcity of White Butterflies in Derbyshire." Entomologist, 4 (September 1869): 313-314. Cox, H. Ramsay. "Scarcity of White Butterflies in the New Forest." Entomologist, 4 (September 1869): 314. Lock, G. "Scarcity of White Butterflies at Newport, Mon."Entomologist, 4 (September 1869): 314. Watkins, C.J. "Scarcity of White Butterflies in Glouchestershire." Entomologist, 4 (September 1869): 314.Clifford, J.R.S. "Scarcity of White Butterflies, &c., near London." Entomologist, 4 (September 1869): 314-315.]


1869 Aug 21 / Times of / Writer mentions scarcity of white butterflies and wonders how to account for it. [III; 1979. "The Great Flight of Ladybirds." London Times, August 21, 1869, p. 5 c. 2.]


1869 Aug / Thrips / Longbenton / 3 miles from Newcastle / Wingham in E. Kent. 6 miles E of Canterbury / ab 6 miles from Coast / less than 10 from Ramsgate. [III; 1980. (Refs???)]


1869 Aug 24 / Walton-on-the-Naze"a countless swarm of Syrphi. / Entomologist 5-15 / 7 species. [III; 1981. "Swarms of Coccinellæ and Syrphi." Entomologist, 5 (January 1870); 15-16.]


1869 / summer / Can't say all cases invasions craneflies may been prevalence. [III; 1982.]


1869 May / 2 uncommon bats killed near Torquayof different speciesone across wings 13½ inches. / Zoologist 1869-1768. [III; 1983. Hügel, A. de. "Rare Bats at Torquay." Zoologist, s. 2 v. 4 (1869): 1768.]


1869 June 1 / At Windsor Great Park, cor to the Field, June 5, came upon a bird of "huge dimensions" unknown to him: legs and beak black; rest white. Cor asks if could have been a stork. Editor says most probably was a stork. [III; 1984. “Stork (?) in Windsor Park.” Field, June 5, 1869, p. 468.]


1869 July 24 / Ab. 13 miles off the Lincolnshire Coast, belts of water, some a few yards, some hundreds of yards wide, a "thick pea-soup appearance" with Aphides. / Zoologist 1869-p. 1839. [III; 1985. Cordeaux, John. "Aphides seen at Sea." Zoologist, s. 2 v. 4 (1869): 1839.]


1869 June / Minley, in Hampshire / Found on a dusty road a Rhynchophorous beetle of species and genus new to listed British beetles. / Ent. Mo. Mag 1869-86. [III; 1986. Black, F. Alfred. "Occurrence in Britain of Lepyrus binotatus, a genus and species new to our lists." Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 6 (September 1869): 86.]


1869 June 15 / Insects / Cor to The Naturalist's Notebook, 1869-318, caught at Norwich an unknown moth"quite different to any figured or described in Mr. Newman's History of the British Moths." Forewings 1¼ inches from tip to tipprevaiing color orangewhitish lines. [III; 1987. Laddiman, R. "What Is It?" Naturalist's Note Book, 3 (1869): 317.]


1869 June / Aberdeenshire / A beetle new to British lists of Coleoptra. Said be rather common in Lapland, the Alps, the Caucasus. / Ent. Mo Mag., Feb., 1870. [III; 1988. Hislop, Robert. "Occurrence in Aberdeenshire of Amara Quenseli, Schön.; a species new to the British list of Coleoptera." Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 6 (February 1870): 212-213.]


1869 July 31 / Field of / Scarcity of white butterflies commented upon by 2 cors. / and Aug 14. [III; 1989. “Scarcity of White Butterflies.” Field, July 24 1869, p. 75. “Scarcity of White Butterflies.” Field, July 31, 1869, p. 103. “Scarcity of White Butterflies.” Field, August 14, 1869, p. 138.]


1869 July / Scarcity of white butterflies noted in The Field. [III; 1990. “Scarcity of White Butterflies.” Field, July 24 1869, p. 75. “Scarcity of White Butterflies.” Field, July 31, 1869, p. 103. “Scarcity of White Butterflies.” Field, August 14, 1869, p. 138.]


1869 / autumn / Butterfly rare in England / Deiopeia pulchella / 3 captures in England recorded / The Entomologist 25/153 / Quite rare. For instance, for years 1887-1891 inclusive, no known captures. [III; 1991. South, Richard. "Deiopeia Pulchella in England." Entomologist, 25 (July 1892): 152-155.]


1869 Aug 13 / See 1807. [III; 1992. See: 1807 Aug ?, (I; 207).]


1869 Aug. 13-17 / Ladybirds first reported in Times, of Aug 19-4-f, from Ramsgate and other places on Coastcovering people's clothesmen engaged to shovel them into sewers. On 15th in LondonWestminster Abbey coveredcame from the east on Channelchildren in filling bags with them. 14th, 15th, 16thmultitudes on Coasts of Kent and SurreyPoint is feeble flight. Never have crossed the Channel, writer saysbut as if from Calaispiers coveredred piers out in waterHigh up and looking like flakes of snow. Writer asks for insertion of his letterif were seen to leave FranceL.T., Sept 1that on 30th, docks of Bristol and Bath covered. / See Aug., 1847. / Ill. London News, Aug. 21 / Daily News, 20th. [III; 1993.1, 1993.2, 1993.3. "Ladybirds." London Times, August 19, 1869, p. 4 c. 6. "Lady-Birds." London Times, August 28, 1869, p. 10 c. 6. "The Ladybird Visitation." London Times, September 1, 1869, p. 6 c. 3. "Country News." Illustrated London News, 55 (August 21, 1869): 175. (London Daily News, August 20, 1869; nothing found here.) See: 1847 Aug 9, (II; 1132), and, (1847 Aug; several notes).]


1869 Aug / L.B. / No findable record of an invasion since. [III; 1994.]


1869 Oct / Have Daily News. [III; 1995.]


1869 / l. birds / See July 24. / Aug 25 / Sept 7 (2) / Oct 2 and Oct. [III; 1996. See: 1869 July 24, (III; 1973, 1974, & 1985); (1869 Sept 7); 1869 Oct 2, (III; 2043); and (Oct).]


1869 / summer / And if anyone should ask why it is that only insects came / The animal. [III; 1997. See: 1869 / summer, (III; 1834).]


1869 Aug / Have N.Y. Trib. [III; 1998.]


1869 Aug 13 / Lead ap with 1848 and Syrps of Aug., 1864. [III; 1999. See: (1848, and 1864, Aug.).]


1869 Aug 13 / Begin by listing all up to Nov. 19. / lb's, too / Then l.b's specially. [III; 2000.]


1869 Aug 13 / Plan / The exotic insects of July 1st / The lbs and then they = exotic / Then the later ones. [III; 2001.]


1869 July 17 / LT of / Cor from Ashford, Kent writes that a firefly of southern Europe (Lampyris Italica) had been caught in his garden. / In 20th, appears a letter from a cor in Catherham, Surrey. "The enclosed specimen is one of many that have every evening for the past week, attracted by the lights, flown into my dining room. Having been in the tropics, I recognized my beautiful visitors which had been, so numerous were they, denounced as a nuisance. / July 21. Letter from another cor that on 24th of June he had, at Dover, 15 miles from Ashford, released 12 fireflies that he had brought in a bottle from Coblentz. / 12 fireflies from Coblentz seem to have nothing to do with a denounced numerousness

of tropical or sub-tropical fireflies. [III; 2002.1 to 2002.4. "Fireflies in Kent." London Times, July 17, 1869, p. 12 c. 4. "Fire-Flies in Surrey." London Times, July 20, 1869, p. 11 c. 1. "Fireflies in Kent." London Times, July 21, 1869, p. 11 c. 2. See: 1869 / middle of July, (III; 2057.3).]


1869 Sept. 8 / Myriads of ladybirds moving toward the Humber. / Zoologist. Nov. 1869. [III; 2003. Cordeaux, John. "The Last of the Ladybirds." Zoologist, s. 2 v. 4 (1869): 1922.]


1869 Aug 13 / BO / Storyastonishmentsomeone who had hung out a wash and went to see it loaded with l.bs. / Standard, Aug 23. [III; 2004. "The Flight of Ladybirds." London Evening Standard, August 23, 1869, p. 4 c. 3.]


1869 Aug 13 / BO / Standard, 23rd, said some nearly ½ inch long. [III; 2005. "The Flight of Ladybirds." London Evening Standard, August 23, 1869, p. 4 c. 3.]


1869 Aug 13 / "The majority were of large size and of a dull yellow hue, appeared languid and weak, either from long flight or abstinence from food." / The Student4/160. [III; 2006. "Great Swarm of Lady-Birds." Student and Intellectual Observer, 4 (1870): 160.]


1869 Aug. / BO / Symons' Met Mag., Aug, 1869 / from Shiffnal / "scarcely a white butterfly seen, and only one wasps' nest found up to the 21st." [III; 2007. "Meteorological Notes on the Month." Symons's Meteorological Magazine, 4 (August 1869): 111-112, at 111.]


1869 Aug 12, etc. / BO / lb's "all yellow, with few exceptions". / Symons' Met Mag, Sept, 1869.  [III; 2008. "Meteorological Notes on the Month." Symons's Meteorological Magazine, 4 (September 1869): 126-128, at 126, cv. "Shiffnal."]


1869 Aug 13 / BO / Cor.,  Standard, Aug 23. Cor said that these unlike any others known to him. Had power of inflicting a sharp nip or bite. [III; 2009. "The Flight of Ladybirds." London Standard, August 23, 1869, p. 5 c. 7.]


1869 / BO / At Stonefield, Lincoln, appeared beetles that were well known (Scolytus destructus) but that had never been seen there before. / Field, Oct 16th. [III; 2010. “Insects Destructive to Elm Trees.” Field, October 16, 1869, p. 335.]


1869 Aug 13, 14 / "Countless millions of them at Ramsgate. / L.T., 19th. [III; 2011. "Ladybirds." London Times, August 19, 1869, p. 4 c. 6.]


[1869] / BO / 2 cors to Entomologist, Sept, 1869, note remarkable scarcity of another species, P. Brassicae. Oct issue, cor writes never before had seen so few beetles, and one upon almost utter absence of wasps and beesone absence of moths. [III; 2012. Lock, G. "Scarcity of White Butterflies at Newport, Mon."Entomologist, 4 (September 1869): 314. Nix, Arthur P. "Occurrence of White Butterflies at Truro." Entomologist, 4 (September 1869): 315. Reeks, Henry. "White Butterflies, &c., at Thurston." Entomologist, 4 (October 1869.): 321-322. Fetherstonhaugh, S.R. "Scarcity if Butterflies in Ireland." Entomologist, 4 (October 1869): 322.]


1869 Aug 12 / 3 p.m.on vessel between Norelight and Margate. Thousands of ladybirds alighted upon it, a number of white butterflies, and a host of small yellow flies with black marks across the backs. / London Morning Advertiser 31-5-5. [III; 2013. "The Ladybirds Advent." London Morning Advertiser, August 31, 1869, p. 5 c. 5.]


[1869] / ab. Aug 1 / BO / Aphides near Maidstone, in numbers so great that ac to cors, they darkened the sky. / Maidstone Journal, 23rd. [III; 2014. "The Hop Crop." Maidstone Journal, August 23, 1869, p. 4 c. 6.]


1869 / BO / Cor., Field, July 24had seen only one hornet. [III; 2015. “Scarcity of White Butterflies.” Field, July 24 1869, p. 75.]


1869 July 25 / BO / Weekly Dispatch of / Fireflies at Catherham. "They were so numerous a day or two since that people called them a nuisance." [III; 2016. “Minor Occurrences.” London Weekly Dispatch, July 25, 1869, p. 2 c. 3.]


1869 Sept 18 / Illustrated London News of / Craneflies / great numbers in St. John's-Wood. [III; 2017. "Metropolitan News." Illustrated London News, 55 (September 18, 1869): 278.]


1869 September / The blue cliffs of Happisburg, Norfolk, "completely tinted with red blotches of these insects (ladybirds), congregated together in millions, and apparently in a half-dormant state." / The Field, Nov 4, 1871. [III; 2018. Hockley, Thomas. "Ladybirds." Field, November 4, 1871, p. 398.]


1869 Sept 4 / A locust at Queensbury, Halifax. / The Entomologist 1870-58. [III; 2019. "Locust near Halifax." Entomologist, 5 (April 1870): 58.]


[1869 Sept 14 /] 1869 Oct., early in / A locust at Fairford, Gloucestershire. / The Field, Oct 23. [III; 2021. Briggs, John Joseph. "The Egyptian Locust." Field, October 23, 1869, p. 347.]


1869 Sept 17 / Cor writing on, says craneflies at Hackney, Wick, vast numbers of them. On grass clustered on places in masses several inches thick. On doorsteps and pavements so looked as if covered with mud. Great numbers destroyed by boiling water thrown on them. Said that the year before, their larvae had destroyed grass. Sc. Op. 2-342. [III; 2020. (Scientific Opinion, 2-342.)]


[1869 Oct., early in. Wrong date. See: 1869 Sept 14, (III; 2021).]


1869 Oct / Locust caught in Pembrokeshire near St. David's Head. / Sci Op (L) 2/456. [III; 2022. (Scientific Opinion 2-456.)]


1869 Oct. 9 / About 30 locusts take in Plymouth. / The Entomologist, Dec., 1869. Several at Truroon 9th. [III; 2023. Nix, Arthur. "Locusts at Truro." Entomologist, 4 (December 1869): 367. Bignell, G.C. "Locusts in Devonshire and Cornwall." Entomologist, 4 (December 1869): 367-368.]


1869 Aug 30 / Ladybirds reach Bristol and Bath. [III; 2024. (Refs???)]


1869 Oct 9 / A naturalist quoted upon the flight of locusts at Plymouth. He was not sure as to the species. / Western Daily Mercury15-2-6. [III; 2025. (Western Daily Mercury, October 15, 1869, p. 2. c. 6; not at BNA; possibly @ Gale or Newsbank; on microfilm @ Plymouth Central Library.)]


1869 Oct / Locusts / large quantities of them reported from Balmoral, Scotland. / Entomologist 5-58. [III; 2026. Angus, W.C. "Locusts in Aberdeenshire." Entomologist, 5 (April 1870): 58.]


1869 Aug / fireflies / aphides / lbs / Syrps / Thrips / locusts / spiders / and odd lots / the animal. [III; 2027.]


1869 Oct 9 / Fine specimen of locust 3 inches long and wings measuring four was caught at St. Austell. / Western Daily Mercury (Plymouth) 14-3-4. [III; 2028. (Western Daily Mercury, October 14, 1869, p. 3 c. 4; 1869 not at BNA.)]


1869 Oct 10 / (+) / (W) / A locust at Waterford. Like local explanation at Burton. Said that near where it was caught were anchored foreign grain vessels. No doubt the locust had come in one of these. / Standard 16-3-7/ This idea disagreed with by cor of 19th, because he had caught one in Staveley, Derbyshire. [III; 2029.1, 2029.2. "A Locust in Waterford." London Standard, October 16, 1869, p. 3 c. 7. Rowlands, D.G. "Locusts." London Standard, October 19, 1869, p. 2 c. 5.]


[III; 2030. Pabst: "Voiddue to T.T. typo, The Fortean, #55, p. 456 c. 1." See: 1869 Oct 10, (III; 2029), as "III; 2029.2."]


1869 Sept 1-30 / Oct 1-31 / Have Standard. [III; 2031.]


1869 / ab. Aug 10 / Extraordinary plague of aphides on Essex coast. / Maidstone Telegraph, Aug 28. [III; 2032. "The Great Flight of Ladybirds." Maidstone Telegraph, August 28, 1869, p. 7 c. 3. "The Great Flight of Ladybirds." London Times, August 21, 1869, p. 5 c. 2.]


[1869 Aug 7. Wrong date. See: 1869 July 31, (III; 2033).]


1869 Aug 13 / Aphides and locusts / July 5, 1921. [III; 2034. See: 1921 July 5, (X; 1375).]


1869 Aug 13 / At the meeting of the Entomological Society of London, Nov. 15, the entomologists solved the problem by deciding that there had been no migration of ladybirds, because their larvae had been extremely abundant a short time before the appearance of the swarms. / Ent Mo. Mag, Jan., 1870. [III; 2035.1, 2035.2. "Entomological Society of London, 15th November, 1869." Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 6 (January 1870): 193-194, at 194. "November 15, 1869." Transactions of the Entomological Society of London, 17 (1869): 24-27, at 26, (xxvi).]


1869 / last of August / Wasps and flies "in overwhelming number" at Southampton. / Gardeners' Chronicle, Sept 4 / p. 945. [III; 2036. "Lady-birds." Gardeners' Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, 1869 no. 26 (September 4): 945.]


1869 (July 25) / A dense column of aphides in such numbers as to give off a rank odor. / (Gardeners' Chronicle, July 31.) / Writer knew of about 10 square miles so covered. Seemed to come in huge waves at times so dense as to make his breathing difficult, all falling to the earth. He called it a "fly storm". / This at Bury St Edmunds. In issue Aug 7th, a cor says seems impossible to think it was the same invasion but this day equally thick at Chelmsford. [III; 2037.1, 2037.2. "A New Invasion." Gardeners' Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, 1869 (July 31): 817. "The New Invasion." Gardeners' Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, 1869 (August 7): 842.]


1869 Aug 15 / Ants / A large flight of winged ants at Maidstone. / D. News. 25-7-4 / D News 28-6-6 / Cor writes that multitudes at Farnham. He seems to think were of local origin but thinks it curious that at same time a swarm in Kent. [III; 2038. "Invasion of the Hop-Fields." London Daily News, August 25, 1869, p. 7 c. 4. "Ladybirds and Ants." London Daily News, August 28, 1869, p. 6 c. 6.]


1869 Aug / BO / Astronomer T.W. Webb, Nature 2-298 , tells of numerous bees, at Hardwick, of a kind unknown to him, having tufts of yellow hairs on the head. [III; 2039. Webb, Thomas William. "Entomological Inquiries, etc." Nature, 2 (August 11, 1870): 297-298.]


1869 Aug / Sci Gos, 1870-141 / Cor writes of strange bees that had been described to him, each with a tuft of short yellow hair between the eyesnot pollen. There were other differences, slight, almost doubtful. [III; 2040. "Strange Bees." Science Gossip, 6 (no. 66; June 1, 1870): 141. "At first it was thought that this peculiarity was due to the insect having inserted its head among the pollen of some flower; but when the same mark was detected in a number of individuals, it became evident that these could not be Hive Bees, but of an entirely distinct species." Holland, Robert. "Strange Bees." Science Gossip, 6 (no. 67; July 1, 1870): 161. Holland suggests the same "strange bees," that he had also noticed, were actually thus colored by the pollen of the yellow broom's flower, (Cytisus scoparius).]


1869 / BO / Strange bees told of by cor A.W. described by a relation of his. [III; 2041. See: 1869 Aug, (III; 2040).]


1869 / About 20 hummingbird moths seen in July in Wales. / Field, Aug 21, 1869. Many that were seen by a cor to Field, Nov 20, p. 433-col 1-+. [III; 2042. “Humming-Bird Moth.” Field, August 21, 1869, p. 159. Sanders, William Basevi. “Brilliant Meteor.” Field, November 20, 1869, pp. 432-433.]


1869 Oct 2 / BO / Cor to Sci Gossip, 1869-273, says that near Conway, with a sudden rise in temperature came a flock of Humming-bird Hawkmoths and several species of butterflies"a wonderful sight." [III; 2043. Holland, Robert. "Remarkable Flight of Moths and Butterflies." Science Gossip, 5 (no. 60; December 1, 1869): 273.]


1869 Aug 13 / Accompanied by wasps at Ramsgate. / D. Telegraph, 18th. [III; 2044. "Strange Flight of Insects at Ramsgate." London Daily Telegraph and Courier, August 18, 1869, p. 3 c. 2.]


1869 Aug 13 . Mr. J. Jenner Weir / Fellow of Ent Soc., Zoo. Soc and Linnean Soc. / Nature 49-538. [III; 2045. "Notes." Nature, 49 (April 5, 1894): 538-542, at 538.]


1869 / ab Aug 1 / Aphides / Coast of Essex / Invasion of aphides. "So enormous were they in numbers, that correspondents described their flight as having darkened the air." / Daily News, Aug 25-7-4, quoting Maidstone Journal. [III; 2046. "Invasion of the Hop-Fields." London Daily News, August 25, 1869, p. 7 c. 4. "The Hop Crop." Maidstone Journal, August 23, 1869, p. 4 c. 6 & p. 5 c. 1.]


1869 Aug 13 / before the lb's came / "In several districts of the Eastern Counties, aphides swarmed to such an extent as to darken the air for days together and render it almost dangerous to the eyesight both of man and animals to be out of doors. / The Gardener's Magazine, Aug 28-1-1. [III; 2047.1, 2047.2. (Gardener's Magazine, v. 12, August 28, 1869, p. 1 c. 1.)]


1869 Aug. 13 / Kent Coast Times, Aug 19, said that in parts of Ramsgate the sky darkened with them. No explanation attempted. [III; 2048. (Kent Coast Times; not online.) See: 1869 / ab Aug 1, (III; 2046).]


1869 Aug 13 / In Gardener's Magazine, Aug 28, said that in the Eastern Counties the ruin of hop gardens was expected, because of the swarms of aphides, when the lb's appeared. [III; 2049. (Gardener's Magazine, v. 12, August 28, 1869.)]


1869 Aug 15 / BO / Large flight of winged ants at Maidstone. / Maidstone Journal, 23rd. [III; 2050. "The Hop Crop." Maidstone Journal, August 23, 1869, p. 4 c. 6 & p. 5 c. 1.]


1869 Aug 13 / BO / Inverness Courier, Sept 2, copying from London Telegraph"That they are foreigners, nobody doubts. They are nearly twice the size of the common English ladybird, and are of a paler colour." / In BOsum up with this. [III; 2051. "The Ladybirds." Inverness Courier, September 2, 1869. p. 7 c. 3. "The ladybirds have come to town...." London Daily Telegraph and Courier, August 26, 1869, p. 5 c. 3.]


1869 Aug. / plan / Wave after wave of lb's. 3 if Brighton of 22nd was one. / By description the 2nd wave was foreign. / It was an unfavorable year of abundance of insects in England. / Syrphs in wave after wave with the lbs and independently. / Suggestion that from Africa (no records between Africa and England). / Insects of feeble flight could not have flown across the Channel. Couldn't fly across a cistern without a toll of hundredscould have wafted, been carried across space not water. / Insects and rises of temperature and tropical insects. / Like the meteors, spiders and lb's have their dates, if activity in X they great. [III; 2052.1, 2052.2, 2052.3.]


1869 Aug 22 / At Brightonseem to have come from the sea. "The pier was completely covered with them. / Brighton Daily News, 25thsaid that several varieties were noted. [III; 2053. (Brighton Daily News, August 25, 1869; not @ BNA.)]


1869 Aug 22 / LB's at Brighton covered the roads at “every turning from the sea”. / The Field, Aug 28. [III; 2054. Kelsey, H.T. “The Swarm of Ladybirds.” Field, August 28, 1869, p. 175.]


1869 Sept 4 / Ill London News of / The ladybirds of Bristol and Bath may have come from the sea. I. L. News says these places and "the new dock-works in progress at Avonmouth have been thickly studded with the insects." [III; 2055. "Country News." Illustrated London News, 55 (September 4, 1869): 227.]


1869 / autumn / New Plant / Field, Feb. 26 / Edward Newman, Editor of the Entomologist, writes that growing in a brickyard at Highbury, Middlesex, had been discovered a plant "entirely new to Britain", Cotula cornopifolia, covering a large patch of ground, growing most luxuriantly, and flowering abundantly. He can think of no way by which appeared there. It was known upon the Continent, supposed to have been introduced from the southern hemisphere. [III; 2056.1, 2056.2. Newman, Edward. "An Unexpected Visitor." Field, February 26, 1870, p. 189.]


[Thayer: "That is the end of Fort's string-tied bundle," (which begins with "1869 / summer, (III; 1856.)]


1869, the "Insect Year" (ends).


1869 Aug / LT Index / Lord Chief Justice / Disap? [A; 552. "Edinburgh, Tuesday." London Times, September 22, 1869, p. 7 c. 3. "The Lord Justice Clerk of Scotland." London Times, September 23, 1869, p. 7 c. 1. "The Lord Justice-Clerk of Scotland." London Times, September 25, 1869, p. 10 c. 3. George Patton , the Lord Justice Clerk, (not the Lord Chief Justice), disappeared on September 20, 1869, when he took a walk after breakfast, in Edinburgh. Patton's body was found in the River Almond, on September 24, 1869.]


1869 Aug / Lord Chief Justice / Found drowned in Oct. [A; 557. See: 1869 Aug, (A; 552).]


1869 Aug / Disap children / Belfast / Sept. 20, 1895. [A; 554. See: 1895 Sept. 20, (C; 280).]


1869 early Aug / Myst disaps children in Cork / Rugby Gazette, Aug 28-2-5. [A; 555. (Rugby Gazette, August 28, 1869, 2-5; not online.) "Extraordinary Disappearance of Children." London Evening Standard, August 23, 1869, p. 5 c. 4.]


1869 Aug / Disaps / In a fortnight in Cork, 13 children disappeared. Not in one case explained. / Tiverton Times, Aug 31. [A; 556. (Tiverton Times, August 31, 1869; not online.)]


1869 Aug 4 / D. News / BO  Steamship Propontis, from Cardiff to Constantinople, July 29. When in Bay of Biscay an explosion heard, and deck shattered. 3 members of crew seriously injured. No one aboard could explain, except by thinking that an explosive had been surreptitiously shipped. [A; 551.1., 551.2. "Unaccountable Explosion on Shipboard." London Daily News, August 5, 1869, p. 2 c. 5.]


[1869 Aug 13. Wrong date. See: 1869 July 14, (III; 2057).]


1869 / middle of July / (2) / Always the explainersand so often a cor contains unusual and seemingly the one by which to explain. In Times 21-11-b, cor from Dover writes that in June, he had brought 12 fireflies in a bottle from Coblentz and had turned them loose. He had read the letter from Kent but, his letter dated 19th, had no read of the numbers in Surrey. No mention of species. / Surrey cor"Many every evening." [III; 2057.3, 2057.4, 2057.5. These notes follow "III; 2057.2," (tho numbered with the same number). "Fireflies in Kent." London Times, July 17, 1869, p. 12 c. 4. "Fireflies in Kent." London Times, July 21, 1869, p. 11 c. 2.]


[1869 Aug 13. Wrong date. See: 1869 July 14, (III; 2058).]


1869 Aug 13 / D. News, 4-2Great excitement in Brussels over kidnapping of children. [A; 553. "The Etoile, of Brussels, says that among the working classes...." London Daily News, August 13, 1869, p. 4 c. 2.]


1869 Aug 14 / Florida / Met train / early evening / MWR 07-391. [III; 2059. (Trowbridge, C.C. "On Atmospheric Currents at Very Great Altitudes." Monthly Weather Review, 35 (no. 9; September 1907): 390-397, at 391.)]


1869 Aug 14 / In a heavy rain fell a shower of little cuttlefish (2 or 3 inches diameter), some alive, on deck of H.M.S. Midge, near Great Nicobar Island. / Land and Water, Nov. 11, 1871, p. 328. [III; 2060. (Land and Water, November 11, 1869, p. 328.)]


[1869 Aug 15. Wrong date. See: 1869 Ap. 8, (III; 2061).]


1869 Aug 15 and 16 / Severe qs / Copiapo / at Arica, 40 shocks on 19th / L.T., Sept 27-5-a. [III; 2062. "The West India Mail." London Times, September 27, 1869, p. 5 c. 1.]


1869 Aug 17 and 18 / After sunset, like conflagration in western sky / N.Y. Trib 30-2-5. [III; 2063. "General Notes." New York Tribune, August 30, 1869, p. 2 c. 5. "The San Francisco newspapers describe some wonderful phenomena observed in that city on the 17th of August.... Several times during the display large dark clouds arose as from out of the ocean, and passing up through the illumination disappeared through the darkness above. The wonderful phenomenon lasted about half an hour, was was witnessed by thousands, who thronged the streets." No phenomenon was reported for August 18, 1869.]


1869 Aug 17 / San Francisco Bulletin, 18th / In Sacramento, at an early hour, in morning, fire bells ringing. A great glare that appeared suddenly in the eastern sky. The next night a vivid sunset that caused crowds in the streets. [III; 2064. (San Francisco Evening Bulletin, August 18, 1869.) "Pacific Coast Dispatches." Daily Alta California, August 18, 1869, p. 1 c. 4. "Singular Phenomenon." Sacramento Daily Union, August 18, 1869, p. 3 c. 1. "About four o'clock yesterday morning, the northeastern sky, from horizon to zenith, was illuminated by a  reddish light, like that reflected from a great conflagration. Acting upon the supposition that such a conflagration was in progress in the eastern portion of the town, the fire bells were rung, and the boys turned out with the machines, only to discover after a run that they were having a wild goose chase. The illumination lasted about half an hour. After it had almost entirely died away, spires of red light shot up in the clouds, similar to the aurora borealis. Finally, the light died away, and a dark cloud took its place, out of which the sun in due time arose. The day which followed was quite warm, and clearer than any we have had since the eclipse. Shortly after sundown the phenomena of the morniug was repeated, with the red glare extending over the entire western half of the sky, and causing a light painful to the eyes of the observer. It lasted about an hour, fading into a yellow as it grew dimmer." No phenomenon was reported for August 18, 1869.]


1869 Aug 19 / Near Steyer, Austrialand fell in and a lake appeared. / London Ev. Star, 31st. [III; 2065. (Nothing found in the London Evening Standard, nor Standard, on August 31, 1869.) "A Field Transformed to a Lake." Liverpool Daily Post, August 31, 1869, p. 5 c. 3. "The North German Correspondent says:—A singular phenomenon has been witnessed in the vicinity of a village in Upper Austria. On Thursday, 19th inst., the soil covering several yokes of land in the neighborhood of Moll, a few leagues from the town of Steyer, suddenly fell in with a crash like thunder, and where oats were waving few seconds before, there suddenly appeared a lake. The water of this newest addition to Upper Austrian scenery is clear, its temperature is very low, and it is said to have much resemblance to that of the glacier lakes. Though the river Steyer passes the place at no great distance, it does not appear that any communication exists between them; at all events, there is reason to believe that the lake received no contribution to its waters from the river, though the contrary may be possible. The water of the stream is said to be chemically different from that contained in the newly discovered natural reservoir. As may be supposed all sorts of theories have been invented to explain this surprising phenomenon. According to one of them, the ground had been gradually undermined by the action of subterranean water, and the fall of the roof of the space thus hollowed out occurred as a matter of course. The village of Moll is situated at a considerable elevation above the level of the sea, and the spot where the lake is new [sic] to be found was before this unexpected change a gently undulating plain." The North German Correspondent was an English language newspaper published in Berlin. Steyr, Austria.]


1869 Aug 20 / 2:20 p.m. / Folkestone / waterspout / Standard, 24th. [III; 2066. Parnell, J. "A Waterspout." London Standard, August 24, 1869, p. 7 c. 1.]


1869 Aug 20, 21, 24 / Severe q's, Peru, and a seismic wave. / L.T., Oct 15-7-f. [III; 2067. "West India and Pacific Mails." London Times, October 15, 1869, p. 7 c. 6.]


1869 Aug 20 / 28 spots on sun's diskcor to the Naturalists' Note Book 1869-317. [III; 2068. "Black Spots on the Sun's Disc." Naturalist's Note Book, 3 (1869): 317.]


1869 (Aug 20) / Disap and hallucinations in Bristol / B. Daily Post, ab Aug. 20 [A; 558. (B. Daily Post, August 20, 1869.) "The 'Tios del Sain'child stealersone of whom...." Birmingham Daily Post, August 25, 1869, p. 4 c. 3.]


1869 Aug 20 / N.Y. Times of / Disaps / Chancellor (+) Lansing, etc. / See 1868Harper's ab April? [A; 559. "Missing." Harper's New Monthly Magazine, 38 (1868/69): 504-511, at 506. John Ten Eyck Lansing, Jr., disappeared on the evening of December 12, 1829. "A Remarkable Disappearance." New York Times, August 20, 1869, p. 4 c. 5.]


1869 Aug 21 / 2 children of a Cork physician lost. / Cork Daily Herald 23-1-1 / 24-1-2Letter by Thomas H. Allridge that upon the 23rd at the school where his two children were, a man, wearing a military cap, called falsely saying that he had been sent for them, not getting them upon his mere word, however. / 26-2-4Children of someone else accosted by a woman who offered them sweetmeats if accompany herthey called a policemannothing said of her being arrested. [A: 560.1, 560.2. “Kidnapping children....” Cork Daily Herald, August 23, 1869, p. 2 c. 1. Attridge, Thomas H. “SirProprietors of schools....” Cork Daily Herald, August 24, 1869, p. 2 c. 2. “The Alleged Cases of Kidnapping.” Cork Daily Herald, August 26, 1869, p. 3 c. 4.]


1869 Aug 21 / Hampshire Chronicle of / At Winchester, the ladybirds "swarming in all directions in great numbers, and [were found] in all imaginable places". / not only went north. [III; 2069. "The extraordinary visit of ladybirds...." Hampshire Chronicle, August 21, 1869, p. 8 c. 2.]


1869 Aug 21 / Ill. London News of / Plague of black caterpillars at Mendrisio, in the Ticino. Caused painful swellings. Prayers for their removal. [III; 2070. "Out of the World." Illustrated London News, 55 (August 21, 1869): 186. See: 1869 Aug 12, (III; 1854).]


1869 Aug 23 / BO / Liv / San Francisco Ev Bulletin. / That at Keokuk, Iowa, after a "recent" shower, Dr Sanderson and other residents of the town had picked up a large number of minnows and crawfish. [III; 2071. (San Francisco Evening Bulletin, August 23, 1869.) “The Northwest.” Chicago Tribune, August 16, 1869, p. 2 c. 5-6. “During a recent shower st Keokuk, a large number of living objects were seen to fall with the rain upon the ground. After the shower had abated, Dr. Safford and several other gentlemen, whose curiosity had become aroused by what they had seen, went out into the street and gathered up a large number of the creatures. They were found to be nothing more nor less than common minnows and crawfish, the former averaging about two inches, the latter from one to three inches in length.”]


1869 Aug 24 / 7:25 p.m. / Great det met / (?) / Philadelphia / BA 1870/89. NY Times 26-5-3. [III; 2072. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1869-70." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1870, 76-102, at 88-91, (illustration). "Celestial Phenomena." New York Times, August 26, 1869, p. 5 c. 3.]


1869 Aug 24 / 7:25 p.m. / Pa. / 200 miles W. of Philadelphia, great met exploded. Its cloud seen far. / ab. sunset. / BA 70-90. [III; 2073. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1869-70." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1870, 76-102, at 88-91, (illustration).]


1869 Aug 24 / 7 p.m. / An ascending meteor in western sky, at Philadelphia. Met train for 10 minutes. / Trib 25-5-4 / Was seen at Trenton, N.J.time ab. 7:30. / 26-3-1 / At N.Y., exploded almost due westalmost directly above Venus27-5-6. [III; 2074.1, 2074.2. "A Remarkable Meteor. New York Tribune, August 25, 1869, p. 5 c. 4. "That Meteor." New York Tribune, August 26, 1869, p. 3 c. 1. "More News from the Great Meteor." New York Tribune, August 27, 1869, p. 5 c. 6.]


1869 Aug 27 / BO / Common type of phelarge balloon seen at Hastingsunknown. Kentish Express, Aug 28. Note this as myst because kept an eye looking over dozens of newspapers. [III; 2075.

(Kentish Express, August 28, 1869; not online.) "Epitome of County News." Dover Express, August 27, 1869, p. 4 c. 6. "A large balloon with car attached was seen in the neighbourhood of Hastings on Friday evening. At first it appeared as if the aeronauts meant to descend on Bulverhithe Marsh, but the monster afterwards ascended to a higher current and sailed away westerly."]


1869 Aug 27 / N.Y. Times, 5-4 / Aurora / luminous band from N.Y. to Michigan. [III; 2076. "Celestial Phenomena." New York Times, August 27, 1869, p. 5 c. 4.]


1869 Aug 28 / Birmingham Gazettea "flying toad" recently caught at Cape Henry, near Washington. [III; 2077. "Foreign." Birmingham Daily Gazette, August 28, 1869, p. 4 c. 3. "A flying toad was recently captured at Cape Henry, near Washington. It is of 'beautifully variegated hues, sin [sic] inches in length, has flat bony back, and fins large as wings about the centre of the body on each side.' What a haul for Barnum!" "Miscellaneous Items." Brooklyn Eagle, August 9, 1869, p. 1 c. 8. "A flying toad has been brought to Washington and placed on exhibition.This curious reptile (or fish) was captured in a seine off Cape Henry a few days since. It is of utmost singular conformation, and of beautiful variegated hues, measuring about six inches in length, with perfectly flat bony back, eyes wide apart and in the centre of a circle, capacious mouth, and fins as large as wings about the centre of the body on each side."]


1869 Aug 28 / On a farm on the Holmwood at night flock of 50 geese killed. Their necks bitten. Several nights before lambs killed on another farm. Supposed by dogs. / West Surrey Times, Sept. 4. [A; 561. "Wholesale Destruction of Geese." West Surrey Times, September 4, 1869, p. 3 c. 2. "Slaughter of Lambs at Holmwood." West Surrey Times, September 18, 1869, p. 3  c. 5.]


1869 Aug 29 / Repeats / Exeter1 p.m., shock felt, and sound. 1:15 p.m., similar sound heard and no shock felt. / (See May 3, '09.) [III; 2078. Parfitt, Edward. "On Earthquakes in Devonshire." Report and Transactions of the Devonshire Association, 16 (1884): 641-661, at 654. See: 1809 May 3, (I; 265).]


1869 Aug-Sep. / An outbreak of a group of spots in Platoby W. R. Birt. / E Mec 12/374. [III; 2079. Birt, William Radcliffe. "Lunar Activity." English Mechanic, 12 (no. 302; January 6, 1871): 374.]


1869 Aug, Sept / Plato . Birt, in E Mec 12/374 / Well marked outbreak of the spotsmostly Group I but a very distant spot was effected. "The fact of intermittent variations of the visibility of the small spots on Plato now well-established." [III; 2080. Birt, William Radcliffe. "Lunar Activity." English Mechanic, 12 (no. 302; January 6, 1871): 374.]


1869 Aug. 30 / (Tropical Fish) / Cork Daily Herald / During the past week large quantities of fish[,]which are peculiar to the tropical regions, have been seen along our coast. Shoals of the bonita, the dolphin, sword fish, and other species are observed. This visit is to be attributed to the unusual warmth of the weather in this latitude.” [III: 2081.1, 2081.2. “An Unusual Visit.” Cork Daily Herald, August 30, 1869, p. 2 c. 1. "An Unusual Visit." London Evening Standard, August 31, 1869, p. 4 c. 4.]


1869 Sept, first week / "Extraordinary flight of landrails" at Wingham, Kent. Cor knew of someone who had killed 50. Formerly he had seen 2 or 3 to a season. "All these birds were lean and poor." / Zoologist 1869-1951. [III; 2082. Hammond, W.O. "Extraordinary Flight of Landrails." Zoologist, s. 2 v. 4 (1869): 1951.]


1869 Sept 1 / Dover Telegraph ofPeople at Llangollen thought a comet, but a lantern on a kite. [III; 2083. (Dover Telegraph, September 1, 1869; not online.) "Kite-Flying." Wrexham Advertiser, August 21, 1869, p. 6 c. 2. "Several of the inhabitants of the town have during the week been greatly perplexed by the sight of what appeared to be a comet, speeding its erratic course in the heavens. The would-be-wise asserted that the luminous body could not be a comet, but from its redness they would conclude that it bore great resemblance to the planet Mars. It was ultimately found that the object seen was a Chinese lantern fixed to a large kite, which was sent every evening to the ethereal regions by a young gentleman residing in the town."]


1869 Sept 2 / [LT], 4-d / Ext. change in atmosphere. [III; 2084. Tibbits, J. Borlase. "Extraordinary Change in the Temperature." London Times, September 2, 1869, p. 4 c. 4.]


1869 Sept 3 / A flight of locusts at Sadra, on the Sabarmati7 miles long. / Gardener's Magazine, Nov. 13, p. 513. This Mag of 20th tells more of these locusts in India. Says that no such visitatioon, in numbers, had ever been known before. [III; 2085.1, 2085.2. (Gardener's Magazine, v. 12, November 13, 1869, p. 513. Gardener's Magazine, v. 12,  November 20, 1869.)]


[III; 2086. Pabst: "Voiddue to T.T. typo, The Fortean, #57, p. 13, c. 2."]


1869 Sept 4 / (ghst) / Weekly Budget of / Crowds around an unoccupied house near the Blackheath road, Greenwich. Reported that a luminous ghost been seen in it. [A; 562. (Weekly Budget, London, September 4, 1869.) “Another Ghost.” Frome Times, September 1, 1869, p. 4 c. 3.]


1869 Sept 5 / Aurora / CR 69-642. [III; 2087. Chapelas. "Aurore boréale du 5 septembre." Comptes Rendus, 69 (1869): 642-643.]


1869 Sept  [5] / Aurora / La Sci Pour Tous 14-330. [III; 2088. ("Aurore Boréale du 5 Septembre." La Science Pour Tous, 14 (no. 41; September 11, 1869): 330. Page missing at NRC Library.)]


1869 Sept. 7 / flies. / That some peasants planting trees on the heights of Esperon, France, were startled by a dull sound. It came from a dark cloud enveloping a low hillcame from a cloud of flies estimated ab 500 yards long, fifty wide, 30 deep. "This monstrous phalanx was slowly moving in a westerly direction. / Sci Gos., 1870-65. [III; 2089. "Something Like a Swarm of Flies." Science Gossip, 6 (no. 63; March 1, 1870): 65. The size of this swarm was estimated in meters, (not yards).]


1869 Sept 8 / 7 p.m. / Germany / Det met / Zeit Met 4/510. [III; 2090. "Kleinere Mittheilungen." Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, 4 (1869): 508-511, at 510-511.]


1869 Sept 8 / Great fireball / s.w. Europe / BA 70-76 / LT 24/10 / 28/9/b. [III; 2091. (BA 70-76.) Taylor, Joseph. "To the Editor of the Times." London Times, September 24, 1869, p. 10 c. 4. Michael, W.H. "To the Editor of the Times." London Times, September 28, 1869, p. 9 c. 2.]


1869 Sept 8 / meteor / 7 p.m. / Near Salzburg, Bavaria, brilliant slow meteor. / L.T.28-9-b / At Lucerne, Switzerland 24-10-d / at Venice / Oct 1-4-d. [III; 2092. Michael, W.H. "To the Editor of the Times." London Times, September 28, 1869, p. 9 c. 2. Taylor, Joseph. "To the Editor of the Times." London Times, September 24, 1869, p. 10 c. 4. Alford, Henry. "To the Editor of the Times." London Times, October 1, 1869, p. 4 c. 4.]


1869 Sept 9 / 3 to 4 p.m. /Extraordinary high tide in Thames. Parts of London under water. / Ev. Standard 10-5-4. [III; 2093. "Extraordinary High Tide." London Evening Standard, September 10, 1869, p. 5 c. 4.]


1869 Sept 10 / (Aug. 1) / (Flesh) / LLangollen (Wales) Advertiser ofshower of flesh at Los Nietos, California, upon area of about 200 square feet. Said that the phe was attributed to disgourging vultures. / (Not in BO). [III; 1836. (Llangollen Advertiser, September 10, 1869.; not online.) See: 1869 Aug 1, (III; 1835).]


1869 Sept 11 / Tarbes, etc. / 5:05 a.m. / q / rolling sound ending with sound of an explosion / Cosmos 3/5/361. [III; 2094. "Tremblement de terre dans les Pyrénées." Cosmos, s. 3 v. 5 (October 2, 1869): 361.]


1869 Sept. 12 / 10:08 p.m. / Cheltenham / remarkable meteor e. to w. / Standard 15-3-7. [III; 2095. Bullock, F.S. "A Splendid Meteor." London Standard, September 15, 1869, p. 3 c. 7.]


1869 Sept. 13 / 8:40 p.m. / Cor saw object like Mars only redder and brighterturned his telescope upon it. It was moving fast but he was able to keep it in telescopic fielddisappearing, having lasted ab 2 minutes. / E Mec 10/47. [III; 2096. "Rhomboid.Meteor." English Mechanic, 10 (no. 236 ; October 1, 1869): 47. "It assumed the appearance of a comet with a very short tail pointing upwards, reminding me of a very full electrical brush discharge. I expected to see it explode, but it gradually diminished in brightness and speed till it finally disappeared. It lasted about two minutes, and moved in that time 20°. It was near Capricornus."]


1869 Sept 17 / q / St Thomas, W.I. / BA '11 / (II). [III; 2097. A class II earthquake. Milne, 721.]


1869 Sept 17 / Severe q / island of St. Thomas, W. Indies / L.T., 29-10-a. [III; 2098. "Earthquake at St. Thomas." London Times, September 29, 1869, p. 10 c. 1.]


1869 Sept 18 / Weekly Budget of / Ac to N.Y. Trib, a ghost light in Brooklyn like that of Woburn, but had form. [A; 563. (Weekly Budget, London, September 18, 1869.)]


1869 Sept 19 / (F) / Tjabe, Java / Metite / C.R. 105-205. [III; 2099. Fletcher, 104. Daubrée, Gabriel Auguste. "Météorite tombée le 19 mars 1884, à Djati-Pengilon (île de Java)." Comptes Rendus, 105 (1887): 203-205. This is the Tjabé meteorite.]


1869 Sept 19 / Tjabé (Pandangan), Java / metite / Les Mondes 29-723 / See Dec 10, 1871. [III; 2100. "Sur une météorite tombée dans l'île de Java, près Bandong, le 10 décembre 1871...." Les Mondes, 29 (1872): 722. This is the Tjabé meteorite. See: 1871 Dec 10, (IV; 565 & 566).]


1869 Sept. 20 / Streak of light on floor of Plato first seen by Elger. / B Assoc 72/262 / (Then often). [III; 2101. Webb, T.W., and Robert Harley, and Edward Crossley. "Report of the Committee for discussing Observations of Lunar Objects suspected of Change." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1872, 245-301, at 262-263, (illustrations).]


1869 Sept 20 / Vamp / Inquest / Henry Hamshire / [LT] 21-4-f. [A; 564. "Singular Death." London Times, September 21, 1869, p. 4 c. 6.]


1869 Sept 27 / at Maryport (near Carlisle) / 8 p.m. / Cor saw a fiery red glare in northern sky for 10 minutes. Then obscured by clouds. Carlisle Journal, Oct 5-3-6. [III; 2102. (Carlisle Journal, October 5, 1869, p. 3 c. 6; not available for this date at BNA.)]


1869 Sept 27 / Aurora magnificent, Worcester, between 8 and 9 p.m. / L.T., Oct 2-10-d. [III; 2103. "The Weather.—Aurora Borealis." London Times, October 2, 1869, p. 10 c. 4.]


1869 Sept 28 / [LT], 10-a / Etna. [III; 2104. "Sicily." London Times, September 28, 1869, p. 10 c. 1.]


1869 Sept. 29 / 10 a.m. / Exmouth / an immense wave / L.T., Oct 2-10-d. [III; 2105. Haill, Will. J.V. "To the Editor of the Times." London Times, October 2, 1869, p. 10 c. 4.]


1869 Sept 29 / Wave ran 20 feet beyond high water mark at Exmouth and Plymouth / Tiverton Times, Oct. 5 / See Oct 8. [III; 2106. (Tiverton Times, October 5, 1869; not at BNA.) Malet, H.P. "Storms and Tides." London Times, October 6, 1869, p. 8 c. 3. See: 1869 Oct 8, (III; 2131).]


1869 Sept 29 / 5 p.m.9:30 / Hungerford, Berks / Great display of lightning / The Field, Oct 9p. 307. [III; 2107. Mackrell, Ed. “Atmospheric Phenomenon.” Field, October 9, 1869, p. 307.]


1869 fall / The Woodward hypnotized by Downs case of Auburn, Maine / Religio-Phil Jour, Nov 27-2-4. [A; 565. Fahnestock, William B. "Phenomenal." Religio-Philosophical Journal, 7 (no. 10; November 27, 1869): 2, (c. 4-5). (Lewiston Evening Journal (Maine), September 27, 1869. Not online nor on microfilm.)]


1869 / In Auburn, Maine, man named Downs bewitched or hypnotized 2 otherswho acted as if violently drunk or hysterical. / N.Y. Times, Oct 1-2-1, 1869. [A; 566. "A Bewitched Blacksmith." New York Times, October 1, 1869, p. 2 c. 1.]


1869 Oct 1 ab / Rel-Ph. Jour., Jan 29, 1870a young girl, daughter of De Loss Lyon, formerly a resident of Richland Co., Wis., then living west of the Kickapoo river, in Crawford Co., came under strange influenceswent 6 or seven days at a time with neither food nor sleep—at times had violent convulsions. These times she was very profane, She talked to an invisible young man who, she said, dictated to her, and made her obey. If she resisted she was mauled by this being, and thrown into convulsions. In this story convulsions are described as struggles with a demon. Said that a medium drove out the evil spirit. / Young girls, themselves, may be very profane. [A; 567.1, 567.2, 567.3. Eastland, H.A. "Interesting Particulars." Religio-Philosophical Journal, 7 (no. 19; January 29, 1870): 6, (c. 4).]


1869 Oct 1 / 8:12 p.m. / Kent to Brussels / Great Met / BA 70-78. [III; 2108. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1869-70." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1870, 76-102, at 78.]


1869 Oct. 2 / 11 p.m. / Liége, Belg. / q. / C. et T 8/38. [III; 2109. Lancaster, Albert Benoît Marie. "Les Tremblements de terre en Belgique." Ciel et Terre, 8 (March 16, 1887): 25-43, at 38.]


1869 Oct 2 / little before midnight of 2-3 / Severe shocks and alarm / Coblentz / Nature 1-26. [III; 2110. "Notes." Nature 1 (November 4, 1869): 25-26, at 26.]


1869 Oct 2 / [LT], 10-d / Aurora. [III; 2111. "The Weather.—Aurora Borealis." London Times, October 2, 1869, p. 10 c. 4.]


1869 Oct 3, 5 / Algiers and Oran / mets / BA 74-292. [III; 2112. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, George Forbes, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors during the year 1873-74." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1874, 269-359, at 292-293.]


1869 Oct. 3 / 6:50 p.m. / Utah / violent shock and rumbling / Trib 4-1-3. [III; 2113. "Earthquake in Utah." New York Tribune, October 4, 1869, p. 1 c. 3.]


1869 Oct. 4 / Eruption of volc Pucrace, U.S. Columbia / Cosmos 3/5/632. [III; 2114. "Eruption volcanique en Colombie." Cosmos, s. 3 v. 5 (December 4, 1869): 632. The Purace volcano.]

  

1869 Oct 4 / Obj / "On Monday morning at three o'clock some fishermen lying about 10 miles W.S.W. of Looe, saw a strange light which at first they took to be a ship on fire, until it rose gradually from the sea and disappeared in the clouds. / Western Daily Mercury (Plymouth) 9-3-2-+. [III; 2115.1, 2115.2. (Western Daily Mercury, October 9, 1869, p. 3 c. 2+; not available for this date at BNA.)]


1869 Oct 4 / Sudden eruption of volc Purace, U.S. Columbia / L.T. 13-5-b. C.R., 70-503. [III; 2116. "The West Indies and Pacific." London Times, November 15, 1869, p. 8 c. 4-5. "M. Boussingault, à propos des secousses ressenties à Lima...." Comptes Rendus, 70 (1870): 503. The Purace volcano.]


1869 / autumn / New plants / See March 18, 1872. [III; 2117. See: 1872 March 18, (IV; 697).]


1869 / autumn / plant / See Oct. 24, 1885. [III; 2118. See: 1885 Oct. 24, (VI; 192).]


1869 Oct 4 / Disastrous shock at Kholoom, between Bhokara and Cabul / Keene's Bath Journal, Jan. 14. [III; 2119. (Keene's Bath Journal, January 14, 1870. Not the Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette @ BNA. Kholm, Afghanistan; Bukhara, Uzbekistan; and, Kabul, Afghanistan.)]


1869 Oct 4 / 10 p.m. / Tidal wave 18 feet high, New England coast. Great damage. See N.Y. newspapers. [III; 2120. "The Recent Storm." New York Herald, October 8, 1869 p. 7 c. 2.  "New England." Chicago Tribune, October 10, 1869, p. 2 c. 5.]


1869 Oct 5 / waterspout / 12:45 p.m. / Waterspout at Oundle. It was preceded by a slight rain—Standard 7-2-7—appeared like a hollow tube down from clouds. [III; 2121. "A Waterspout." London Standard, October 7, 1869, p. 2 c. 7.]


1869 Oct 5 / (Fire) / Morning / A house in Holloway / furniture had been removed from it—no fires in grates. "All of a sudden flames were seen to rush out of the first floor windows." But it was the upper part of the building that was destroyed. / Standard—6-7-2. [A; 568. "Singular Fire." London Standard, October 6, 1869, p. 7 c. 2.]


1869 Oct 6 / Lumpkin, Ga / See May 8, 1829. / (F). [III; 2122. Fletcher, 104. This is the Stewart County meteorite. See: 1829 May 8, (I: 1464, 1465, and 1469).]


1869 Oct. 6 / metite / 11:30 a.m. / 12 miles from Lumpkin, Stewart Co., Ga / A. J. Sci 2/50/337. [III; 2123. Willet, Joseph E. "Account of the fall of a Meteoric Stone in Stewart County, Georgia." American Journal of Science, s. 2. v. 50 (1870): 335-338, at 337. This is the Stewart County meteorite.]


1869 Oct 6 / Aurora at Bedfords / 9:50, peculiar glow near horizon in north. 10:15, 3 rays from horizon to zenith / D News, Oct 9-6-6. [III; 2124. Elger, T.G. "Aurora Borealis." London Daily News, October 9, 1869, p. 6. c. 6.]


1869 Oct 6 / Aurora, Paris, rose from horizon to Dragon. / C.R. 69-832. [III; 2125. Chapelas. "Apparition d'une aurore boréale sur l'horizon de Paris, le 6 octobre 1869." Comptes Rendus, 69 (1869): 832.]


1869 Oct 7 / Ab 5 p.m., a waterspout was seen from Sandown, Isle of Wight. / Standard 9-3-7. [III; 2126. Kingsford, F.W. "Waterspout." London Standard, October 9, 1869, p. 3 c. 7.]


1869 Oct 8 / with locust / Standard 19-5-7—that in the Goorgaon district there had been enormous flights of locusts from the 30th of July to the 8th of August. [III; 2127. "A Flight of Locusts." London Evening Standard, October 18, 1869, p. 5 c. 3. "A Flight of Locusts." London Standard, October 19, 1867, p. 5 c. 6.]


1869 Oct, 8 / 7 a.m. / Great tide predicted for, because earth then part of orbit. Nearest earth then part of orbit. Nearest earth, predicted by Lieut. S. N. Saxby R.N. / London Morning Advertiser, Sept. 13. [III; 2128. "The Approaching Great Tide." London Morning Advertiser, September 13, 1869, p. 2 c. 4.]


1869 Oct 8 / with locusts / Tropical insects and climate in England. / Standard 14-2-7 / Someone writes he, at Rugeley, had picked a very fine strawberry in his garden, Oct. 12. [III; 2129. Horton, W.I.S. "The Mildness of the Season." London Standard, October 14, 1869, p. 2 c. 7.]


1869 Oct 8 / (with tropical locusts) / At Lewes, thermometer stood at 77 degrees in the shade. / Standard 12-6-1. [III; 2130. "The Temperature." London Standard, October 12, 1869, p. 6 c. 1.]


1869 Oct 8 / One of the highest tides ever known predicted for Oct 8 in newspapers. I get from Llangollen Advertiser, Sept. 17 / was a tide. See Sept 29, etc. [III; 2131. (Llangollen Advertiser, September 17, 1869; not online.) See: 1869 Sept 29; (III; 2106), and, 1869 Oct 8, (III; 2128).]


1869 Oct 9 / Rel-Ph. Jour., 1-3 / near Tippecanoe, Harrison Co., Ohio. / Mrs Nancy Birney.(?) / For 23 years, every 2 weeks had been preaching in a state of unconsciousness but the language and thought were inferior to hers when normal. She attributed the spells to injuries once when struck by lightning, but that was 24 years before she took on the spell-character. Her husband, a farmer, was considered wealthy. Said it was as if the spirit of some old-fashioned, uneducated preacher of 40 or 50 years before, possessed her. [A; 569.1, 569.2, 569.3. "A Strange Phenomenon." Religio-Philosophical Journal, 7 (no. 3; October 9, 1869): 1, (c. 3-5). (Cleveland Herald, August 11, 1869. Not online.) Twain, Mark. Mark Twain's Letters: Volume 3: 1869. Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1992, 463. Twain wrote: "A correspondent of the Cleveland Herald reports that a Mrs. Birney, 62 years of age, living near Tippecanoe, Harison county, Ohio, has for twenty years been in the habit of falling into a state of unconsciousness at about ten o'clock on Sunday mornings, during which she delivers ungrammatical religious discourses. Of course, when a woman does anything remarkable, it must be published far and wide, but acres and acres of poor clergymen can go on doing such things all their lives and a subsidized press takes no notice of it. A mean partiality ill becomes journalism." Birney, Nancy. A Sermon While in a State of Somniloquism or Devotional Sleep. Salem, Ohio: Hinchman & Ware, 1847. One of these sermons was recorded on September 6, 1847.]


1869 Oct. 9 / Kentish Express of / Grocer named Huckle at Dartford. His windows broken by stones thrown at them unaccountable. Police were alert but saw no one. When they near the stones ceasedwhen away begin again. Day after dayfinally all windows boarded up. All stones wrapped in papers on which written threats badly spelled. At last police constable caught daughter of Mr. Huckle, a girl aged 13, throwing a stone. She confessed she had thrown all the stones. [A; 570.1, 570.2. (Kentish Express, October 9, 1869; not online.) "Stone-Throwing Extraordinary." Kentish Mercury, October 9, 1869, p. 7 c. 3.]


1869 Oct 11 / 5:39 p.m. / Great meteor / Wiltshire and Wales / Symons Met Mag., 4-155. [III; 2132. "Fine Meteor on October 11th." Symons's Meteorological Magazine, 4 (November 1869): 155. "Meteorological Notes on the Month." Symons's Meteorological Magazine, 4 (November 1869): 158-160, at 159, cv. "Llandudno."]


1869 Oct 11 / 5:04 p.m. / York and Lancashire / great met / BA 70-78. [III; 2133. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1869-70." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1870, 76-102, at 78-79.]


1869 Oct 11 / ? / Meteor seen from Yorkshire to London. / To all it fell perpendicularly but nearer some than others. At London, size of a large star. At Sheffield, size of the moon. / Standard 16-5-6. [III; 2134. "The Recent Meteor." London Standard, October 16, 1869, p. 5 c. 7.]


1869 Oct 11 / 5:04 p.m. / Sunset meteor / York and Lancashire / BA 70-78. [III; 2135. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1869-70." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1870, 76-102, at 78-79.]


1869 Oct 12 / bet. 7 and 8 a.m. / Camelford. / "Sudden noise like the rattle of musketry, and vibrations. / Western Daily Mercury (Plymouth) 13-2-5. [III; 2136. (Western Daily Mercury, October 13, 1869, p. 2 c. 5; not online for this date.)]


1869 Oct 12 / Aberdeen Free Press ofa whole street of new houses demolished in Belfast by persons unknown. [A; 571. "An extraordinary occurrence...." Aberdeen Free Press, October 12, 1869, p. 4 c. 5. "An extraordinary occurrence took place in Belfast on Wednesday night. A whole street new houses, off Byron Street, was demolished by some persons yet unknown." "A most extraordinary occurrence...." Belfast News-Letter, October 7, 1869, p. 2 c. 6. "The House-Tossing Freak in Byron Street." Belfast News-Letter, October 8, 1869, p. 3 c. 2. "A Street of Houses Knocked Down in Belfast." Ulster Gazette, October 8, 1869, p. 3 c. 7. "The mystery was cleared by the production at the Police Court yesterday morning of a man named Clarke, who with a number other men. was found by two constables, immediately after the fall of building concealed in the immediate vicinity, A subsequent search about tbe premises led to finding of a number of strong ropes, like ships' hawsers, which leads to the supposition that the mischief was done passing the ropes round tbe narrow walls between the lower windows underneath, and 'a long pull, a strong pull, and pull altogether' did the rest. From early morning till late last the scene of the occurrence was visited crowds people to see the result of this extraordinary freak. Eleven homes in one row have been completely demolished; and it was also found that, in another line of buildings behind, the interior walls had likewise been pulled down."]


1869 Oct 13 / [LT], 6-c / Met / Sheffield. [III; 2137. Coombe, C.G. "To the Editor of the Times." London Times, October 13, 1869, p. 6 c. 3.]


1869 Oct 13 / 5 mets / Malta / BA 74-292. [III; 2138. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, George Forbes, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors during the year 1873-74." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1874, 269-359, at 292-293.]


1869 Oct 14 / 5 p.m. / British Guiana / Sound like report of cannon / N.Q. 5/7-293. [III; 2139. Arnott. S. "Mysterious Mountain Sounds." Notes and Queries, s. 5 v. 7 (April 14, 1877): 293. Brown, Charles Barrington, and, Sawkins, James Gay. Reports on the Physical, Descriptive, and Economic Geology of British Guiana. London: Longmans, Green, 1875, 83. "At 5 p.m. we heard a very loud noise, which sounded like that of a large cannon; such reports are frequently heard by the Indians, who declare they proceeded from the mountains. I heard such reports while on the Mazaruni river, where the Indians have the same ideas regarding them. Sir R. Schomburgk speaks of them." Schomburgk, Robert Hermann. A Description of British Guiana, Geographical and Statistical. London: Simpkin, Marshall, 1840, 9. "Indians of Pirara told me that there was, on the south-western angle of the Sierra Pacaraima, a mountain whence, from time to time, detonations are heard."]


1869 Oct 14 / [LT], 8-d / Met / Darlington. [III; 2140. "Remarkable Meteor." London Times, October 14, 1869, p. 8 c. 4.]


1869 Oct 15 / The Sunday before [Oct 10] / Downpour at Malta, 5 to 6 inches in dif[ferent] places, 6 hours. Symons Met. 4-178 / Town of Cospicua flooded. People in streets saved from drowning by ropes let down from 2nd floor windows. [III; 2141. "Great Floods at Malta." Symons's Meteorological Magazine, 4 (December 1869): 178.]


1869 Oct 17 / or 10 / Chester / mock moon (?) / Eng Mec X/187, 205. [III; 2142. Vincent, W. "Curious Phenomenon." English Mechanic, 10 (no. 241; November 5, 1869): 187. "Curious Phenomenon." English Mechanic, 10 (no. 242; November 12, 1869): 205. Vincent, W. "Mock Moon." English Mechanic, 10 (no. 244; November 26, 1869): 262-263. "Mock Moon." English Mechanic, 10 (no. 245; December 3, 1869): 278-279. Denning, William Frederick. "Curious Phenomenon." English Mechanic, 10 (no. 245; December 3, 1869): 281. After a terse response from "A Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society" about the position of the paraselene, (or mock moon), Denning helps to confirm the phenomenon observed by Vincent, on October 17. "Mr. T.P. Barkas, of Newcastle-on-Tyne, informs me that on the evening in question, at 8:30, he observed a paraselene." And, an artist in Newcastle sent drawings of it to Barkas, when he observed the "spectral moon" and the rings of light, at 8 P.M. (Newcastle Journl, October 19, 1869, p. 4;.) "A singular phenomenon was visible at Keelby on Sunday the 17th...." Stamford Mercury, October 22, 1869, p. 5 c. 3.]


[1869 Oct 17-18 /] 1870 Oct 17-18 / S / Lieut Herschel / (D-212). [IV; 254. The note copies information from page 212 of The Book of the Damned. "Dark objects crossing the Sun's disk." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 30 (March 11, 1870): 135-138.]


1869 Oct 22 / 5:30 a.m. / Severe shock / Conn. / NY Times, Nov 6, 1877. [III; 2143. "The Sunday Morning Earthquake." New York Times, November 6, 1877, p. 2 c. 6.]


1869 Oct. 22 / 5:45 a.m. / Nova Scotia and N. Brunswick / severe shock and rumbling sound / N.Y Trib 25-1-4. BA '11/43. [III; 2144. "The Earthquake." New York Tribune, October 25, 1869, p. 1 c. 4. Turner, H.H., et al. "Seismological Investigations." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1911, 30-67, at 43.]


1869 Oct 26-Nov. 2 / 200 shocks at Gross-Gerau. / See Oct 31, Nov 2. / L.T., Nov. 6-10-c. Preceded by sounds like distant musketry. [III; 2145. "Earthquakes." London Times, November 6, 1869, p. 10 c. 3.]


1869 Oct 26-Nov. 2 / Series / Germanyregion of Darmstadt to Stuttgardt. About 200 shocks. In accounts from Frankfort newspapers, copied in the Carlisle Journal 9-4-1, said accompanied by detonations like sound of musketry and tha lights were seen. Not described much. Mentioned several timesupon one occasion were three flashes. [III; 2146.1, 2146.2. (Carlisle Journal, November 9, 1869, p. 4 c. 1; this date not at BNA.)]


1869 Oct 27 / date of report from Galle / Severe q. / Manila / L.T., Nov 9-9-f. [III; 2147. "Earthquake.Galle." London Times, November 9, 1869, p. 9 c. 6.]


1869 Oct 27 / det met / ab. 3 a.m. / Terrific explosions, Forest, etc., Ohio. Some thought a q. but met was seen. / A. J Sci 2/49/140. [III; 2148. Smith, John Lawrence. "On the flight of a remarkable meteorite across the Western portion of Ohio near Forest." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 49 (1870): 139-141.]


1869 Oct 29-Nov 2 / Nov 8-9 / q's / Rhine / L'Annee Sci 14-356. [III; 2149. "Les tremblements de terre en 1869." Année Scientifique et Industrielle, 14 (1869): 351-357, at 356.]


1869 Oct 31 / First shock ab 5 p.m. at Darmstadt. LT 5-10-f. Most severe at Gross Gerau. Then Nov 14:30 a.m. [III; 2150. "Earthquakes." London Times, November 5, 1869, p. 10 c. 6.]


1869 Nov. 2 / Darmstadt, Gross Gerau, etc., Germany / evening / q's / LT 4-10-a. [III; 2151. "The Earthquake in Germany." London Times, November 4, 1869, p. 10 c. 1.]


1869 Nov 3 / Great explosion aboard HMS Thistle at island of Sheppey. / near Sheerness I / Standard, Nov. 5. [IV; 1. "The Explosion on Board Her Majesty's Gun Vessel Thistle." London Standard, November 5, 1869, p. 6 c. 1.]


1869 Nov 5 / 10 meteors at Sunderland. / L.T. 9-9-f. [IV; 2. "The November Meteoric Shower." London Times, November 9, 1869, p. 9 c. 6.]


1869 Nov. 5 / (Sea foam) / Ac to Inverness Courier, in London Standard, Nov 23-6-3, about noon the inmates of the Manse of Barvas and several field laborers were astonished to see large masses of sea foam falling from the sky. In about 2 minutes hundreds of acres were dotted with the deposit. "The weather was perfectly calm, the little wind that was blowing at the time having been, moreover, [in a direction,] not from, but toward the sea." Said that there had been "half a gale" the day before and it was thought that foam from the sea had been carried up and held in suspension. / Barvas near coast of the Lewis, Outer Hebrides, Ross-shire. [IV; 3.1, 3.2, 3.3.  "Singular OccurrenceShower of Sea-Foam." London Standard, November 23, 1869, p. 6 c. 3. "Singular OccurrenceShower of Sea-Foam." Inverness Courier, November 18, 1869, p. 5 c. 5.]


1869 Nov 6 / L.T. 9-9-f / Great meteor, Bristol6:55 p.m. Train 15 minutes. One at Stokesy Vicarage, Shropshire, at 6:30. [IV; 4. "The November Meteoric Shower." London Times, November 9, 1869, p. 9 c. 6.]


1869 Nov. 6 / 7 p.m. / Scilly Islands / Met that left a train in Cass and Pers for ½ hour. / L.T. 10-11-e / Other great mets in England. [IV; 5. Banfield, John. "The Meteor." London Times, November 10, 1869, p. 11 c. 5.]


1869 Nov. 6 / At 7 p.m., a similar meteor ab. 7 p.m. at Bilton and Anstruther. Symons 4/171. [IV; 6. "The Fine Meteor of November 6th, 1869." Symons's Meteorological Magazine, 4 (December 1869): 163-171, at 171.]


1869 Nov. 6 / ab. 6:50 p.m. / Great meteor and train, central and southern England and isle of Jersey. At Redruth stationary for 7 minutes in Cassiopeia. 6 pages in Symons Met Mag, vol. 4, p. 165. [IV; 7.  "The Fine Meteor of November 6th, 1869." Symons's Meteorological Magazine, 4 (December 1869): 163-171, at 165, cv. "Redruth."]


1869 Nov. 6 / Met trail over Eng. 50 minutes.  / (Ball) / Story of the Heavens, p. 374 / Wrong year? [IV; 8. Ball, Robert Stawell. The Story of the Heavens. London:  Cassell, 1885, 332-333. London: Cassell, 1893, 327-328. London: Cassell, 1900, 374-375.]


1869 Nov. 6 / Torquay / 6:45 p.m. / Great met / Train visible ab. 50 minutes / Nature 1-58. [IV; 9. Pengelly, W. "A Meteor." Nature, 1 (November 11, 1869): 58.]


1869 Nov. 6 / Meteor was seen to fall at Fawley, near Southampton. / (Standard, Nov. 18) / On the Wednesday (10th) following, picked up [in a field beyond where thought to have fallen. Object rather less than size of a cricket ball and weight more than a pound. Penetrated ground ½ inch. Piece broken off and seems inside of a brownish flint. A projection that looked like a fossil shell. / Astr. Reg 7-248also see vol 8. / Seemed been soft when fell. Flattened on side on ground. [IV; 10.1, 10.2, 10.3. Smith, A.T. "To the Editor." London Standard, November 18, 1869, p. 6 c. 2. Payne, R.W. "A Brilliant Meteor." Astronomical Register, 7 (December 1869): 247-248. (Astronomical Register, vol. 8. Nothing found in first check for mets.)]


1869 Nov. 6 / 6:50 / London / Time of fireworks, a rocket and an exceptional meteor cross tracks. / Field, Nov 20p. 432. [IV; 11. Sanders, William Basevi. “Brilliant Meteor.” Field, November 20, 1869, pp. 432-433.]


1869 Nov 6 / 6:50 p.m. / Great met and 50-minute streak / Cornwall / BA 70-78. [IV; 12. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1869-70." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1870, 76-102, at 79-81.]


1869 Nov 8 / 11:30 p.m. / Wellington meteor / N. Zealand / Trans N.Z. Inst 2-402. [IV; 13. "Sixth Meeting. November 13, 1869." Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 2 (1869): 402-404, at 402.]


1869 Nov 8 / [LT], 10-f / Highclerc / Met. [IV; 14. "A Brilliant Meteor." London Times, November 8, 1869, p. 10 c. 6.]


1869 Nov 10 / At Gross-Gerau (Germany?), 25 rumbling sounds and one shock. Since Oct 30, been 7[00] or 800. On 11th, 23 rumbling sounds and one shock. 12th, 6 violent shocks. 13th, 2 violent. / Nature 1-87. [IV; 15. "Notes." Nature, 1 (November 18, 1869): 86-87, at 87.]


1869 Nov 10, 13, 14 / Mets / Rhodes / BA 74-294. [IV; 16. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, George Forbes, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors during the year 1873-74." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1874, 269-359, at 294-295.]


1869 Nov 10 / [LT], 11-e / Met / Cornwall. [IV; 17. Banfield, John. "The Meteor." London Times, November 10, 1869, p. 11 c. 5.]


1869 Nov. 11 / [LT], 9-b / Met / Worcester. [IV; 18. Richards, Thomas. "The Meteor." London Times, November 11, 1869, p. 9 c. 2. At Wincanton, Somersetshire, (not Worcester).]


1869 Nov 13 / Trib of / Oct 6? / That a meteoric stone had fallen recently in Stewart Co., Ga. [IV; 19. "General Notes." New York Tribune, November 13, 1869, p. 4 c. 5. The Lumpkin meteorite. See: 1869 Oct. 6, (III; 2123).]


1869 Nov 13 or 14 / L.T., Nov 9-9-f / J. R. Hind's prediction that meteors would be seen in unusual numbers "not only possible, but [even] probable." "M. Le Verrier is clearly of this opinion." [IV; 20. "The November Meteoric Shower." London Times, November 9, 1869, p. 9 c. 6.]


1869 Nov 12-13 / 13-14 / In Nature, Nov. 11, Richard Proctor, arguing upon conventional ideas of the streams, predicts shower of meteors, but more scattered than in preceding years. [IV; 21. Proctor, Richard Anthony. "The November Shooting Stars." Nature, 1 (November 11, 1869): 56-57.]


1869 Nov 13 / In Times Nov. 9, Mr Hind says probable be great met display. Says that Le Verrier was of this opinion, and had organized for observation. [IV; 22. "The November Meteoric Shower." London Times, November 9, 1869, p. 9 c. 6.]


1869 Nov 13-14 / Midnight to 4:40 a.m., 439 meteors counted by 3 observers at Port Louis Observatory, Mauritius. / Nature 1-220. [IV; 23. "Notes." Nature, 1 (December 23, 1869): 219-221, at 220.]


1869 Nov 13-14 / In L.T., Nov. 9, the astronomer J. R. Hind advises watch for Leonids, saying that probably be great, and that such was the opinion of Le Verrier, who had organized observers in France, Madrid, Cadiz, Ajaccio, Turin, and Algeria. [IV; 24. "The November Meteoric Shower." London Times, November 9, 1869, p. 9 c. 6.]


1869 Nov. 14 / morning / Sky overcast by a fall of snow "throughout the U.S." / BA 70-77. [IV; 25. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1869-70." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1870, 76-102, at 77.]


1869 Nov 14 / morning / Pensacola, Fla. / Mets very numerous. Occasionally from 2 or 3 to 20 in a minute. BA 70-99 / Many at Santa Barbara, Cal. [IV; 26. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1869-70." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1870, 76-102, at 99.]


1869 Nov. 14 / morning / At Port Said, reported by Capt. G. L. Tupman, most brilliant meteors shots, with astonishing rapidity at the rate of one or two every minute. He notes that his observations confirmed "in an absolute manner" the existing theories of the motion of the meteors. / L.T., Dec 8-4-3. [IV; 27.1, 27.2. Tupman, George Lyon. "The November Meteors." London Times, December 8, 1869, p. 4 c. 3.]


1869 Nov 14 / morning / Port Said, Egypt / Ac to Capt Tupman, brilliant shower of mets. "Shot with astonishing rapidity." / L.T., Dec 8-4-c. [IV; 28. Tupman, George Lyon. "The November Meteors." London Times, December 8, 1869, p. 4 c. 3.]


1869 Nov 14 / Red spot of Jupiterfirst seen as an elliptic ring / Observatory 3/279 / See July, 1878. [IV; 29. Gledhill, Joseph. "Jupiter in 1869 and 1879.The 'Ellipse' and the 'Red Spot.'" Observatory, 3 (1879-1880): 279-281, (illustrations). See: 1878 July, (IV: 2395, 2396, 2397): 1878 July 8, (IV; 2394); 1878 July 9, (IV; 2395); and, 1878 July 11, (IV; 2399). Altho Robert Hooke reported a spot on Jupiter on May 9, 1664, and tho Giovanni Cassini found it the next year, and sketched the "permanent spot" in the South Equitoreal Belt, (its present location), modern observations of the Spot only began in 1831, when Samuel Heinrich Schwabe sketched it, again. This "Great Red Spot" may have disappeared, in 1713, only to re-appear, in 1831, or it may have faded from view or shrunk down in size; but, it has been continuously observed since 1878.]


1869 Nov. 14 / 4:47 a.m. / Met / Scotland / BA 70-81. [IV; 30. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1869-70." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1870, 76-102, at 81-82.]


1869 Nov 15 / morning / "Sympathetic meteors"? / Port Said / no Leonids / 5 from Orion / See Ref, 14th. [IV; 31. See: 1869 Nov. 14, (IV; 27).]


1869 Nov. 15 / Mr Gledhill's impression of the sharpness, clearness and brightness of the spots in Plato. "I can only liken them to the small round disks of bright stars seen in the transit-instrument." / Rept B.A. 1871/79. [IV; 32. Webb, T.W., and Crossley, Edward. "Report of the Committee for discussing Observations of Lunar Objects suspected of Change." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1871, 60-97, at 79.]


1869 Nov 16 / Gledhill / "The spots 1, 17, 9, and 30 appeared just like small stars in the transit-instrument on a windy night." / B Assoc '71/80. [IV; 33. Webb, T.W., and Crossley, Edward. "Report of the Committee for discussing Observations of Lunar Objects suspected of Change." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1871, 60-97, at 80.]


1869 Nov 16-19 / Biskra, Algeria / qs / C.R. 70/48. [IV; 34. Ollivier, E. "Secousses de tremblements de terre à Biskra (Algérie du Sud), du 16 au 19 novembre inclusivement." Comptes Rendus, 70 (1870): 48-51.]


1869 Nov 16-19 / qs / Algeria / C.R. 70-48. [IV; 35. Ollivier, E. "Secousses de tremblements de terre à Biskra (Algérie du Sud), du 16 au 19 novembre inclusivement." Comptes Rendus, 70 (1870): 48-51.]


[IV; 36. Pabst: "Voiddue to T.T. typo, The Fortean, #58, p. 30, c. 1."]


1869 Nov. 20 / Weekly Budget of, 5-2 / Strange light reported in a church in parish of St. Erth, West Cornwall. Then said was reflections from lightin a house other side of valley. Said that this explanation satisfied the incredulous. [A; 572. (Weekly Budget, November 20, 1869, 5-2.)]


1869 Nov. 27 / Gigantic metite said fallen in Table Mt, Cape Town, with an explosion heard 25 miles around. / Sci Op., 3-2. [IV; 37. "The Week." Scientific Opinion, 3 ( January  5, 1870): 2-4, at 2.]


1869 Dec. 1 / Rhodes, etc. / great q / [BA] '11. [IV; 38. A class III earthquake. Milne, 721.]


1869 Dec 3 / Times, 9-f / Fast / Dr, Phillips of Guy's Hospital had approved idea of having the girl watched by 4 trained nurses. The father, Evan Jacob, had signed an agreement that he would place no impediment in the way of a thorough test. This was with the local Committee of five doctors. / Dec 14-5-f / 4 nurses arrive at the home of the girl. Her room thoroughly searched and she in it, and the watch started with the consent of the parents, they were excluded from the room. / 20-12-4Girl deadThe father had refused to order the girl to eat but had said that to convince himself whether the girl could swallow or not, he (Davies) might offer her food. This before inquestThis was ac to a deposition by one of the doctors named Davies. Ac to this deposition the girl' uncle had offered her food the morning of her last day. "She made no reply but appeared to go off into a fit." / 22-4-e. At inquest testimony of [Rev.] Thomas and [Dr.] Phillips. "The body was plump." In the stomach 3 teaspooonsful of a "semi-gelatinous" substance. Intestines empty. At inquest, ac to the father, she had eaten nothing for 2  years. The coroner called all statements by the father "A hideous mass of nonsense". Verdict of jury charged him with manslaughter for neglect to induce child to take food. / Some indignation also against the doctors. Someone in Times, Dec 28"Shall the staff of Guy's escape?" But only charge was against parents. However, parents and 5 doctors indicted. / L.T., Feb. 1, 1870 / Evan Jacob still maintaining that the girl had taken no food for more than 2 years. / March 1Times of / Mr and Mrs Jacob and 5 doctors of the Medical Committee but no one of Guy's Hospital prosecution begun. / 4-9-e / The Rev Evan Jones, the Vicar, had retreated, saying he had warned the parents of the consequences of fraud. Said he had believed at first. / Jacob's testimony was to effect that for 2 years attempts to feed her had made her sick. / 11-10-fa physician on stand testified he had seen no sign of emaciation until the 7th day. In opinion of one witness, Dr Clifton, so little evidence of starvation that he called it death by exhaustion from want of food. / Evidence of no nervousness of girl and of her sleeping well (March 15-12-b). Had been considerable persectionof the Jacobs. At the trial Dr Pearson Hughes told of a visit to the house, and of an altercation with the Jacobs. He had been summoned for assault, but the case had been dismissed by a magistrate. / More testimony by the doctors who performed the autopsy. "The body was plump"general appearance of health"thoroughly healthy in every particular." [A; 574.1 to 574.12. "The Welsh Fasting Girl." London Times, December 3, 1869, p. 9 c. 6. "The Welsh Fasting Girl." London Times, December 14, 1869, p. 3 c. 6. "The Welsh Fasting Girl." London Times, December 20, 1869, p. 12 c. 4. "The Welsh Fasting Girl." London Times, December 22, 1869, p. 4 c. 5. "The Welsh Fasting Girl." London Times, December 28, 1869, p. 5 c. 5. "The Welsh Fasting Girl Case." London Times, February 1, 1870, p. 9 c. 6. "The Welsh Fasting Girl." London Times, March 1, 1870, p. 12 c. 2. "The Welsh Fasting Girl Case." London Times,, March 4, 1870, p. 9 c. 5. "The Welsh Fasting Girl." London Times, March 5, 1870, p. 9 c. 6. "The Welsh Fasting-Girl Prosecution." London Times, March 7, 1870, p. 6 c. 5. "The Welsh Fasting Girl." London Times, March 8, 1870, p. 9 c. 3. "The Welsh Fasting Girl Case." London Times, March 9, 1870, p. 5 c. 2. "The Welsh Fasting Girl Case." London Times, March 11, 1870, p. 10 c. 6. "The Welsh Fasting Girl." London Times, March 15, 1870, p. 12 c. 2. "The Welsh Fasting Girl." London Times, March 16, 1870, p. 12 c. 6.]


[1869 Dec 3 ] / Fast / In his book, "Fasting Girls," Dr William Hammond tells of cases, undertaking to show that all were impostorsthe girl Sarah Jacobs, 10-12 years old, of whom said that took no food from Oct 10, 1867 [to] Dec 17, 1869said that "by her perserverence in lying had actually succeeded in inducing an educated gentleman to accept the truth of her statements!" He was the Vicar of Llanfihangel, who published a statement that she had not "partaken a single grain of food of any kind whatever, during the last sixteen months". This the "Welsh Fasting Girl". He tells of a watch upon the girl by 2 men, 12 hours each, from March 22nd to Ap. 5, 1869, and their statement that she took no food. A Committee had been appointed. Seven of them, but several dismissedone for sleeping and one because he was a neighbor. Dr Hammond says that ac to evidence, occasionally watchers before time had expired and that one of them was drunk on dutySaid face plump and "cheeks and lips of a beautiful rosy color". Case excited great attention. She was taken to Guy's Hospital, London, Dec 9, 1869, and watched by 4 nurses who would give her no food unless it was asked for. She died on 17th of December. "Actually starved to death." Seems queer now, ac to what we know of starvation-endurance, to starve to death in 8 days. Coroner's verdict was died of starvation caused by negligence to induce the child to take food, on the part of the father." Nothing said of nurses neglect to induce the child to eat. Arrested he got hard labor 12 months, Mrs. Jacobs hard labor 6 months. [A; 575.1 to 575.7. Hammond, William Alexander. Fasting Girls: Their Physiology and Pathology. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1879, 13-30. Sarah Jacobs was not taken to Guy's Hospital, as noted by Fort, but had remained in her home, in Llethernoyadd-ucha, Carmarthenshire, watched by the nurses under conditions that prevented food or water to be given to her without it being observed. At the beginning of this more stringent watch, "it was ascertained that the girl had repeated evacuations of urine, and once, at least, of fœces." Fowler, Robert. A Complete History of the Case of the Welsh Fasting-Girl (Sarah Jacob) With Comments Thereon; And Observations on Death from Starvation. London: Henry Renshaw, 1871; 54-55, 84, 239, 247. On December 11, Sarah's night-dress was found to be stained with urine, "very wet," and signs of faeces, (two days after the last watch had begun); and, the last time that urine was found in her bed was December 14. "The Coroner read the whole evidence and summed up ably. He could not understand how rational persons could believe the story of the girl's fasting. The urine and excrement must have come from something." Dr. Thomas Lewis attributed the source of her urine "to the watery vapour suspended in the atmosphere"; and, Sister Elizabeth Clinch of Guy's Hospital suggested the same marvel: "I was surprised she did not ask for water. The room was so damp, that I thought she might absorb the moisture from the atmosphere."]


[1869 Dec 3 / Fast / Welsh / As Dr. Hammond tells it, she was "actually starved to death." [A; 576. Hammond, William Alexander. Fasting Girls: Their Physiology and Pathology. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1879, 27.]


1869 Dec 7 / 7 a.m. and 7:15 p.m. / Shocks / Tacna, Peru / C.R. 70-502. [IV; 39. "M. Le Ministre de L'Instruction Publique transmet à l'Académie les deux documents...." Comptes Rendus, 70 (1870): 501-503, at 502.]


1869 Dec. 11 / A Fancher / Possessed by Devils / Dec 11, 1869 / Copying from the Madison (Wis) State Journalcase at Watertown, Wis.young man named Seigea game leg and a withered arm; aged 26. About 20 years before his sister found a duck egg with a pinhole in it. It was eaten by a dog, which was immediately stricken mad and blind. Then the girl was taken with blindness and convulsions. After a year of agony she died. Upon her death the boy Carl was immediately taken with blindness and paralyzing pains that after months, left him deformed. This in Germany. In year 1867 the S family went to Wisconsin. Rest of the story of possession by devils is not of definite characters but of convulsions of the young man. [A; 573.1 to 573.4. Carl Seige. “Modern Diabolism.” Wisconsin State Journal, (Madison), November 29, 1869, p. 2 c. 1-2. (Watertown Daily Times, March 3, 1910. Watertown Gazette, August 17, 1911. "In Times Square," (column) Watertown Daily Times, November 11, 1985. Wallman, Charles. Watertown Daily Times, September 4, 1998.) (Chicago Times, December 22, 1869.) (Olin, William. "Letter to the Editor." Watertown Democrat, December 30, 1869.) (Gmeiner, John. The Spirits of Darkness. Milwaukee: Hoffman Brothers, 1886, 1888, 1889. Not online.) Riedl, Kenneth M. A Church Built on the Rock. Madison: Omni Press, © 2003, 291-300.]


1869 Dec 12 / 6:13 p.m. / Northamptonshire / great slow met / BA 70-82. [IV; 40. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1869-70." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1870, 76-102, at 82.]


1869 Dec 12 / 6:10 p.m. / Great meteor / Scotland, and Barnet.  L.T. 16-10-d. [IV; 41. Taylor, Wilbraham. "To the Editor of the Times." London Times, December 16, 1869, p. 10 c. 4. Rickett, James. "A Brilliant Meteor." London Times, December 15, 1869, p. 7 c. 6.]


1869 Dec 14 / 1870 March 5, West End (London) News. / Parents and 5 physiciansof Sarah Jacobs, "the fasting girl" of Carmarthen. Charged with manslaughter for her death. [A; 577. (West End News, March 5, 1870; not @ BNA;  on microfilm, Gale Group, Early English newspapers.)]


1869 Dec 14 / (I) / bet. 3 and 4 a.m. / Great spectacle in sky said been a mirage of the Louvre and the Seine in sky. / Scientific News, NS, 1-94. [IV; 43."A Curious Phenomenon." Scientific News for General Readers, n.s., 1 (January 27, 1888): 94. "Paris dans le ciel." Année Scientifique et Industrielle, 14 (1869): 176. "Paris, ses palais, ses monuments et son fleuve se montraient sur les nuages qui masquaient le ciel, mais renversés, comme cela aurait eu lieu si au-dessus de Paris on avait placé une immense glace. Le Panthéon, les Invalides, Notre-Dame, les palais du Louvre et des Tuileries, la Seine, les Champs-Elysées et leur grand palais, présentaient une image rosée d'un effet indescriptible." Tissandier, Gaston. "Mirage par Reflexion Observé à Madras." La Nature, 1887 pt. 1 (no. 708, December 25): 53.]


1869 Dec 15 / Time of heavy gales, "magnificent display" of sunspots. / L.T. 17-7-f. [IV; 42. "To the Editor of the Times." London Times, December 17, 1869, p. 7 c. 6.]


1869 Dec 15 / Destructive thunderstorm in Yorkshire / L.T. 18-3-b. [IV; 44. "The Thunderstorm in Yorkshire." London Times, December 18, 1869, p. 3 c. 2.]


1869 Dec 20 / Rawalpinda, India / q I = small / BA '11. [IV; 45. A class I earthquake. Milne, 721.]


[1869 Dec 21. Wrong date. See: 1869 Dec 25, (IV; 46).]


1869 Dec 21 / 8:15 p.m. / Met. / Leominster / BA 72-69. [IV; 47. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Alexander Stewart Herschel, and Charles Brooke. "Report...on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1871-72." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1872, 57-118, at 69.]


1869 Dec 25 / (Alg) / Metite / Mourzouk, Tripoli / C.R. 70-649. BA '70-93. [IV; 48.  Coumbary. "Astronomie.—Chute d'un aérolithe à Mourzouk (Barbarie), le 25 décembre 1859." Comptes Rendus, 70 (1870): 649-650. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1869-70." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1870, 76-102, at 93.]


[1869 Dec 25 /] 1869 Dec 21 / Details, metite, Mourzouk, Tripoli / La Sci Pour Tous 15-142. [IV; 46."Astronomie: Chute d'un aérolithe à Mourzourk (Barbarie), le 21 décembre 1859." La Science Pour Tous, 15 (no. 18; April 2, 1870): 142. Coumbary. "Astronomie.—Chute d'un aérolithe à Mourzouk (Barbarie), le 25 décembre 1859." Comptes Rendus, 70 (1870): 649-650. The date of the fall and spelling of Murzuk, (Libya), were altered by La Science Pour Tous; however, there was doubt that this meteorite had fallen. "Notes." Nature, 5 (December 14, 1871): 130-132, at 132. "About a year ago many English and foreign scientific journals, following the Bulletino Romano, announced that a large meteorite had fallen near the town of Murzuk, in December 1869. M. Rose has lately made a communication to the Berlin Academy, in which he states that the results of his inquiries made both at Tripoli and Murzuk have shown that no such fall was ever observed, much less that any such meteorite had been found."]


1869 Dec 26 / 6 p.m. / Severe q / E California and Nevada / L.T., 1870, Jan 10-10-b. [IV; 49. "The United States." London Times, January 10, 1870, p. 10 c. 1-2.]


1869 Dec 26 / Caucasia / q / III / BA '11. [IV; 50. A class III earthquake. Milne, 721.]


1869 Dec 27 / letter under this date  Stromboli magnificent. / La Sci Pour Tous 15-49. [IV; 51. "L'Éruption du Volcan de l'Île Stromboli." La Science Pour Tous, 15 (no. 7; January 15, 1870): 49.]


[IV; 52. Pabst: "IV-52 = III-1670(a)." See: 1868 / ab last of Dec, (III; 1670).]


1869 Dec 27 / California / q / BA '11 / II. [IV; 53. A class II earthquake. Milne, 721.]


1869 Dec 28 / 5 a.m. / Destructive shock / Santa Maura . L.T., Jan 1-10-a. [IV; 54. "Italy." London Times, January 1, 1870, p. 10 c. 1.]


1869 Dec 28 / Greece / great q / [BA] '11. [IV; 55. A class III earthquake. Milne, 721.]


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               

1869 Dec 28 / 8:50 p.m. / Germany / meteor / Zeit Met 5/47. [IV; 56. "Kleinere Mittheilungen." Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, 4 (1870): 42-48, at 47.]

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