Last updated: July 15, 2021. - Fortean Notes

Go to content

Last updated: July 15, 2021.

Charles Hoy Fort's Notes


1868


1868:


1868 / Welsh fasting girl / See Dec., 1869. [A; 515. See: 1869 Dec 3, (A: 574 to 576).]


1868 / Body of Mrs W. I. Peters, Frankfort, Ind. /  See Dec 22, 1888. [A; 516. See: 1888 Dec 22, (B; 993).]


1868 / South Bend, Ind. / Body of Anna Rees / See Aug 11, 1872. [A; 517. See: 1872 Aug 11, (A; 776).]


1868 / Young mana convulsionary / "possessed by devils" / nameSeige. / Watertown, Wis / See Dec 11, 1869. [A; 518. See: 1869 Dec. 11, (A; 573).]


1868 / Sleeper, Susan C. Godsey, near Hickman, Ky. / See July 14, 1869. [A; 519. See: 1869 July 14, (A; 547).]


1868 / H.H. / Gardner, Kansas / See March 7, 1874. [A; 520. See: 1874 March 7, (A; 909).]


1868 / All q's of in Nouvelles Météorologiques, vols 2 and 3 / See Soc Met. de France. [III; 1256. (Nouvelles Météorologiques, vols 2 and 3 / See Soc Met. de France.)]


1868 / about / Sun minimum time. [III; 1257. Wolf, Rudolf. "Mémoire sur la Période à la Fréquence des Taches Solaires et à la Variation de la Déclinason Magnétique." Memoirs of the Royal Astronomical Society, 43 (1875-1877): 199-213, at 202 & 209-210.]


1868 Jan 1 / 1:30 ? / 7:30 a.. / Met train / ½ hour / BA 68-358 and Appendix. [III; 1258. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1867-68." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1868, 344-428, at 356-359 & 390-391. At 7:30 A.M.]  


1868 Jan / Vesuvius / from Nov / Gentleman's Mag., N.S., 5/229. [III; 1259. "Scientific Notes of the Month." Gentleman's Magazine, n.s. v. 5 (February, 1868): 228-236, at 229.]


1868 Jan 1 / 7:30 a.m. /Southampton / met train visible 40 minutes / L.T. 2-4-f / from N.E. to S.W. [III; 1260. "A Meteor." London Times, January 2, 1868, p. 4 c. 6.]


1868 Jan 2 / [LT], 4-f / 3-9-d / Meteor. [III; 1261. "A Meteor." London Times, January 2, 1868, p. 4 c. 6. Hills, A. Clark. "Another Meteor." London Times, January 3, 1868, p. 9 c. 4. The second article refers to the meteor seen on January 1, 1868.]


1868 Jan 2 / Devastating storm / Teneriffe / La Sci Pour Tous 13-72. [III; 1262. "Nouvelles." La Science Pour Tous, 13 (no. 9; January 30, 1868): 72.]


1868 Jan 3 / Vesuvius more alarming / L.T. 6-7-a. [III; 1263. "The Eruption of Mount Vesuvius." London Times, January 6, 1868, p. 7 c. 1-2.]


1868 Jan 6 / [LT], 7-b / 10-4-d / q. / Somersetshire. [III; 1264. "Shock of an Earthquake." London Times, January 6, 1868, p. 7 c. 2. Sanford, W.A. "The Earthquake Shocks in Somerset." London Times, January 10, 1868, p. 4 c. 4.]


1868 Jan. 8 / Speke Disap. / See [LT], Ap. 18-7-e. / He returns to his duties. [A; 521. "Mr. Speke." London Times, April 18, 1868, p. 7 c. 5. Reverend Benjamin Speke bought a new hat in London, to be delivered in time for a dinner appointment that evening, and left the shop about 5:30 P.M., on January 8, and then disappeared. After speculations about his murder and rewards up to £500 offered in the newspapers, Speke was found, (actually, arrested as a suspected criminal), in Cornwall, six weeks later, while working as a cattle drover; and, after he "recovered from the unhealthy tone of mind with which he was recently afflicted," he returned to his former identity and religious duties as the vicar at St. Andrew's Church, at Dowlish Wake, Somerset. Liddle, Dallas. The Dynamics of Genre: Journalism and the Practice of Literature in Mid-Victorian Britain. Charlotteville, Virginia: University of Virginia Press, 2009, ch. 5, "The Clergyman's Tale," 122-140.]


1868 Jan 9-10 / (Cut) / Flashes of electricity so impossible to work telegraph instruments / Buffalo and Rochester / Tr. Amer Institute 1867-8/942. Electricity not seen. [III; 1265. "Electrical Phenomena." Annual Report of the American Institute of the City of New York, 1867-1868, 942-949.]


1868 Jan 12 / Venusmet / 4:45 p.m. / Selkirk, Scotland / large met—ended course exactly at apparent place of Venus / BA 68-360. [III; 1266. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1867-68." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1868, 344-428, at 360-361.]


1868 Jan 22 / 12:43 p.m. / q. / Algeria / Details / La Sci Pour Tous 13-94. [III; 1267. "Tremblement de Terre en Algérie." La Science Pour Tous, 13 (no. 12; February 20, 1868): 94-95.]


1868 Jan 23 / Great increase Vesuvius / L.T., Feb 4-8-e. [III; 1268. "The Eruption of Vesuvius." London Times, February 4, 1868, p. 8 c. 5.]


1868 Jan 28 / (It) / 4:30 a.m. to daybreak /130 mets / Bergamo. / BA 68-360. [III; 1269. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1867-68." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1868, 344-428, at 360-361.]


1868 Jan 28-29 / night / after 2 months of eruption, sides of Mt Vesuvius collapsed. L.T. 30-9-3. [III; 1270. "Mount Vesuvius." London Times, January 30, 1868, p. 9 c. 3.]


1868 Jan 28 / Bergamo is ab 110 miles N of Spezia (Jan. 30). [III; 1271.]


1868 Jan 29 / Bergamo, Italy / 134 meteors counted / Astro. Reg 6-117. [III; 1272. "Shower of Meteors." Astronomical Register, 6 (May 1868): 117.]


1868 Jan 30 / Spezia 90 miles S.E. of Casale. [III; 1273.]


1868 Jan 30 / Pultusk, Poland, Russia / and Lerici, Spezia, Italy / (F) / Sulphur / B.D. [III; 1274. Fletcher, 103. These are the Pultusk and Lerici meteorites. The note copies information from pages 66 to 67of The Book of the Damned. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, George Forbes, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors during the year 1873-74." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1874, 269-359, at 272.  The "mass of melted and burning sulphur the size of a man's fist" was found on a roadway at Proschwitz, (not at Pultusk, but in the neighbourhood of the meteor's explosion), and, "on examination at Breslau some remains of the substance proved to be pure sulphur." Brezina, Aristides. "The Arrangement of Collections of Meteorites."Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 43 (April 1904): 211-247, at 218. Breslau is the German name for Wroclaw, Poland.The Lerici meteorite is now thought to be one of the fragments of the Pultusk meteorite. Lerici is over 800 miles away from Pultusk, and the explosion of the meteor was about 20 miles above; however, Brezina writes: "Alike in structure, fell at the same time on a line coinciding with the flying-line of Pultusk."]


1868 Jan 30 / Metite / Pultusk / details / La Sci Pour Tous 13-112. [III; 1275. "Aérolithe." La Science Pour Tous, 13 (no. 14; March 5, 1868): 112.]


1868 Feb / In the Spiritual Magazine, April, 1868, copying from the Reading Mercury, phe at Pishill Bank, between Henley and Watlington, occupied by J. Beisly, his housekeeper and a girl aged ab. 14. Alarming rapping upon outside and inside doors. Ac to investigations, not by human beings. [A; 522. "Spirit Rapping." Spiritual Magazine, n.s., 3 (April 1868): 184-185. "A Haunted House." London Evening Standard, January 23, 1868, p. 6 c. 2. See: 1867 Oct 18, (A; 535).]


1868 Feb / March / Vesuvius / Gentleman's Mag, Ap., 1868. [III; 1276. "Scientific Notes of the Month." Gentleman's Magazine, n.s. v. 5 (April, 1868): 525-530, at 526.]


1868 Feb 8 / morning / On Tyne, highest tide in 30 years / L.T. 11-4-4. Great damage overflow. [III; 1277."An Extraordinary Tide." London Times, February 11, 1868, p. 4 c. 4.]


1868 Feb 11 / Began qs in Salvador. Eruption of volc Couchagua, on 23rd. / La Sci Pour Tous 13-200. [III; 1278. "Éruption du Volcan Couchagua." La Science Pour Tous, 13 (no. 25; May 21, 1868): 200. The Izalco volcano.]


1868 Feb 11 / ab. 7 p.m. / Panama / violent shocks / up to 23rd, ab 150 / N.Y. Herald, March 3-4-1. [III; 1279. "Central America." New York Herald, March 3, 1868, p. 4 c. 1.]


1868 Feb 12-15 / Vesuvius / renewed activity / Y.B. '69-231. [III; 1280. "Vesuvius." Timbs' Year-Book of Facts in Science and Art, 1869, 230-234, at 230- 231.]


1868 Feb. 14 / 11 p.m. / Béziers / mets size of Venus from Leo / Nouvelles Météorologique 1/98. B / Aphasia and Amnseia. [III; 1281. (Nouvelles Météorologiques, 1-98.)]


1868 Feb. 15 / Severe hurricane / Honduras / N.Y. Herald, March 17-4-1. [III; 1282. "Miscellaneous." New York Herald, March 17, 1868, p. 4 c. 1.]


1868 Feb. 16 / 9:30 p.m. / Red Sea / det met / BA 68-362. [III; 1283. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1867-68." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1868, 344-428, at 362-363.]


1868 Feb 23, etc. / at least to March 21 / Eruption / Nicaragua / had been shocks since 11th / See 1867, Dec. 2, and Nov. 14 or 15. [III; 1284. See: 1867 Nov. 14, (III; 1218 to 1220), and, 1867 Dec 2, (III; 1247).]


1868 Feb. 23 / Tremendous gale / W. coast of England and Wales. [III; 1285. "Damage to Holyhead Breakwater." London Times, February 24, 1868, p. 10 c. 5.]


1868 Feb. 24 / [LT], 6-f / Meteors. [III; 1286. Tyrer, Richard. "To the Editor of the Times." London Times, February 24, 1868, p. 6 c. 6.]


1868 Feb. 24 / In Toronto Globe, 26th, considerable upon "the great storm"no phe mentioned. [III; 1287. "The Great Storm." Toronto Globe, February 26, 1868, p. 2 c. 9.]


1868 Feb. 24 / Grain / Canada / D-65. Eng Mec 7-166 / in hailnot snow. ** [III; 1295. The note copies information from page 65 of The Book of the Damned. Machattie, Alexander Taylor. "On a fall of coloured hail and snow in Western Canada." Chemical News and Journal of Industrial Science, 35 (May 4, 1877): 182. "Fall of Coloured Hail or Snow in Canada." English Mechanic, 7 (no. 164; May 15, 1868): 166.]


1868 Feb. 25 / q / Armenia / BA '11. [III; 1296. A class II earthquake. Milne, 720.]


1868 Feb. 25-26 / midnight / q at Montreal / ac to Quebec Daily Mercury, Feb 27, like concussion from explosion in sky. "Loud rumbling and dashing sound""entire absence of vibratory motion". [III; 1288. "Earthquake at Montreal." Quebec Mercury, February 27, 1868, p. 2 c. 2.]


1868 Feb 25-26 / midnight / Another severe shock and rumbling sound at Montreal. Toronto Globe 27-2-3. [III; 1290. "Latest from Montreal." Toronto Globe, February 27, 1868, p. 2 c. 3.]


1868 Feb 28 / Montreal Series / See May 21, 1871. [III; 1299. See: 1871 May 21, (IV: 409 to 413).]


1868 Feb 29 / Casale metite, ab. noon, between Alexandria and Casale. Ac to astronomer. / Denza, in Cosmos 16-481. At 11:45 p.m., at Alexandria, another phe which he said he could not permit to pass, in silencea  meteor with a train of fire, which spread rapidly. [III; 1300. Denza, Francesco. "Chute d'aérolithes à Casale." Les Mondes, 16 (1868): 480-481, at 481.]


1868 Feb 29 / about "mide / (Piedmont) / fall at Casale / Seems that near Casale, at 11:45 p.m., met or falling object was seen below the clouds. See Feb 16, 1883. / Les Mondes 16/481 / Sci P. T 13-397 / See Sept 5. [III; 1301. Denza, Francesco. "Chute d'aérolithes à Casale." Les Mondes, 16 (1868): 480-481, at 481. Daubrée, Gabriel-Auguste. "Sur une chute du météorite qui a eu lieu dans la nuit du 7 au 8 septembre, à Sanguis, arrondissement de Mauléon, département des Basse-Pyrénées." La Science Pour Tous, 13 (no. 50; November 14, 1868): 397. See: 1868 Sept 7, (III; 1546), and, 1883 Feb. 16, (V: 1139 to 1143).]


1868 Feb 29 / evening / "quite an earthquake" / Augusta, Maine / Toronto Globe, March 3-2-9. [III; 1289. "Earthquake Shocks." Toronto Globe, March 3, 1868, p. 2 c. 9.]


1868 Feb 29 / Metites / Casale / 3rd fall in about cinquante [50] years / Details / La Sci Pour Tous 13-159. [III; 1297. "Pluie de Pierres Météorologiques." La Science Pour Tous, 13 (no. 20; April 16, 1868): 159.]


1868 Feb. 29 / bet 10:30 and 10:45 a.m. / Casale / metite / C.R. 67-323. [III; 1298. Denza, F. "Sur les météorites tombées le 29 février 1868 dans le territoire de Villeneuve et de Motta dei Conti, arrondissement de Casale, Montferrat (Piémont)." Comptes Rendus, 67 (1868): 322-327, at 324.]


1868 / b. snow / Toronto Globe, March 3-2-2/8 / "The colour of the snow which fell at Sarnia was strongly impregnated with smoke; and so much was this the case that when melted the water had an inky hue, which it retained even though allowed to settle. In other localities the snow was impregnated with a fine sifting sand." / (Sarnia is Port Sarnia. / 208 / 494 / 906). [III; 1291.1, 1291.2. "The colour of the snow which fell at Sarnia...." Toronto Globe, March 3, 1868, p. 2 c. 8.]


1868 March 2 / Black snow reported. In Quebec Daily Mercury, says the snow as if smoked but that this could not be because it fell over a wide region, between Kingston and Sarnia. / This seems to be the phe of the B.D., but in the 2 newspapers, spoken of as the "later storm" and there was a great storm both on Feb 24 and March 2. [III; 1292.1, 1292.2. The note refers to information from page 65 of The Book of the Damned. "Among the incidents of the late snow storm in Ontario...." Quebec Mercury, March 7, 1868, p. 2 c. 2. "There was a singular phenomenon connected with the snow which fell in the neighborhood of Sarnia, namely a peculiar scincas [sic], its color being blackish as if strongly impregnated with soot or smoke; and so much was this the case that when melted, the water had an inky hue, which it retained even thought allowed to settled. That this could not be caused by smoke, however, is evident from the fact that the same features were observable over a wide extent of country. It would appear that the storm did not extend much further east than Kingston, or West than Sarnia." See: 1868 Feb. 24, (III; 1295).]


1868 March 2 / Change this to Feb 24. / the fall at Sarnia. [III; 1293. See: 1868 Feb. 24, (III; 1287).]


1868 March 2 / Nothing in N.Y. Trib. [III; 1294.]


1868 ab. March / Myst fires / Martinique and Gualaloupe / Western Gazette (Yeovil), May 8. [A; 523. "Foreign and Colonial News." Western Gazette, May 8, 1868, p. 3 c. 5-6. "A general panic prevails, at Martinique and Guadaloupe, caused by the great number of fires which have occurred recently, raised it is believed by incendiaries. Both the cane fields and house property have been the object of these lawless acts."]


1868 March 3 / Vesuvius / Nouvelles Meteorologiques 1/183 / very active on 13th. [III; 1302. (Nouvelles Meteorologiques, 1-183.)]


1868 March / Cut / White spot, Venus, by Browning, at Munich / Science Opinion (L) 2/225. [III; 1303. (Scientific Opinion, 2-225.) See: 1868 March 15, (III; 1307).]


1868 March 14 / New York paper (Courier des Etats Unis) of this date quoteda black snow in Michigan. La Sci Pour Tous 13-160. [III; 1304. "Nouvelles." La Science Pour Tous, 13 (no. 20; April 16, 1868): 160.]


1868 March 14, etc. / Floods throughout U.S. / N.Y. Herald, 18th, etc. [III; 1305. "Freshets." New York Herald, March 17, 1868, p. 5 c. 2. "The Freshets." New York Herald, March 18, 1868, p. 7 c. 5-6. "The Freshets in Pennsylvania." New York Herald, March 20, 1868, p. 10 c. 2.]


1868 March 14 / Eruption of Vesuvius increasing / N.Y. Herald 15-7-2. [III; 1306. "Italy." New York Herald, March 15, 1868, p. 7 c. 2.]


1868 March 15 / (Venus) / bet 3 and 4 a.m. / Bright spot, looking like a projection, seen on limb of Venus, by Browning / E Mec. 40/130. E Mech., 50/482 / Sketch of it. [III; 1307. "Is There a Snow Cap on Venus?" English Mechanic, 40 (no. 1020; October 10, 1884): 129-130. Shearman, T.S.H. "Unsilvered Specula for Planetary Observation.Guldenschuh's Observation of a Bright Spot on Venus." English Mechanic, 50 (no. 1298; February 7, 1890): 482, (illustration). The time of  "between 3h. and 4h." and the illustration refer to Guldenshuh's observation, (not Browning's), on August 17, 1884. Webb, Thomas William. Celestial Objects for Common Telescopes. 3rd ed. London: Longmans, Green, 1873, 310. 4th ed. London: Longmans, Green, 1881, 57. "...March 15, Browning had seen a bright patch of some extent 80° from that cusp, so luminous as to show projection like the snow on Mars."]


1868 March / qSouth Wales / L.T., Nov. 7-8-c, 1868. [III; 1308. "To the Editor of the Times." London Times, November 7, 1868, p. 8 c. 3.]


[1868 March 16 /] 1868 March 9 / 9:30 p.m. / (It) / Island of Lanaià-Uawai / metiteone fell there earlier [this?] century / Flam., Atmosphere, p. 176. [III; 1309. Flammarion, Camille. The Atmosphere. London: S. Low, Marston, Low, & Searle, 1873, 176-177. "From Lanai." Hawaiian Gazette (Honolulu), April 22, 1868, p. 3 c. 3-4. "On the night of the 16th of March, about ¼ to ten P.M., there appeared to late sitters-up in Palawaii Valley, in the eastern quarter of the sky, as though issuing from Haleakala, a wondrous meteora globe of fire, like a burning full moon, sweeping along westerly, with a roar, and a flaming tail, in its aerial flight, lighting up the beautiful valley, like the noon-day sun, and descending apparently within the aakoko groves, bordering its rim." "One, according to unquestioned tradition, dropped in upon her about the time of Kamehameha the Great, upon the N.W. part of the island, in the district of Mahana, at a place since named Hokunui, or Great Star. The ancient islanders speak of a burning star that came down with a roar and a mighty shock, and which made a deep pit, from whence issued smoke and detonations from the incandescent celestial visitant." "A party went lately to exhume the supulchred asteroid, but they found that after the lapse of so many years, such a depth of alluvium has washed in, that it would require a greater force and more appliances than at command, to disentomb the wanderer from the Nebular Kingdom. It is supposed this meteoric stone has an average diameter of about twenty feet, and could not be hoisted, but must be blown out of the pit that it has made." Kamehameha the Great, who established the Kingdom of Hawaii, reigned between 1782 and 1819. Barringer, Brandon. "Lanai Meteorite Crater Apparently Myth." Meteoritics, 4 (February 1968): 57-59. Barringer visited Lanai, in 1967, flying over the beach at Ka-hoku-nui and walking over the beach. "...We could see no trace of a circular formation anywhere in the reported vicinity of Ka-imu-hoku." "It seems likely that the locality and the imagined depression got their names from a fireball thought to have been seen to fall there in the nineteenth century, but which actually fell, if it reached the surface of the earth, scores of miles to the north in the Pacific Ocean."


[1868 March 16 /] 1868 March 9 / 9:30 p.m. / Hawaii / great detonating meteor / Nouvelles Météorologiques 1/199. [III; 1310. (Nouvelles Météorologiques 1/199.)]


1868 March 16 / morning / Disastrous hurricane / Toronto, Canada / N.Y. Herald 17-5-1. [III; 1311. "The New Dominion." New York Herald, March 17, 1868, p. 5 c. 1.]


1868 March 16 / Hurricane / Chicago / 40 houses damaged / N.Y. Herald 18-6-2. [III; 1312. "Miscellaneous." New York Herald, March 18, 1868, p. 6 c. 2.]


1868 March 20 / Daniel's Kull, Grignaland, East S. Africa / (F). [III; 1313. Fletcher, 103. This is the Daniel's Kull meteorite.]


1868 March 26 / 1 a.m. / Brecon, S. Wales / 2 loud reports and vibration like phe of Oct 30, 1868 / L.T., Nov. 7-8-c. [III; 1314. "To the Editor of the Times." London Times, November 7, 1868, p. 8 c. 3.]


1868 March 27, 28 / April, etc. / Mauna Loa begins. / A. J. Sci 2/46/107 / Noteall the Mauna Loas at least to 1890 were not explosive. [III; 1315. "Recent Eruption of Mauna Loa and Kilauea, Hawaii." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 46 (1868): 105-123.]


1868 March 27 / qs at Sandwich Islands began. / N.Y. Trib, May 25-1-5. [III; 1316. "Sandwich Islands." New York Tribune, May 25, 1868, p. 1 c. 5.]


1868 March 27 / Sandwich Islands / Ap. 4Philippines / 4Sandwich Islands / 4Russian Turkestan / 7Mexico / 11Armenia / q's / BA '11. Sim qs Feb 18, 1889. [III; 1317. Milne, 720. See: 1889 Feb. 18, (VI; 1555).]


1868 March 27 / q / Hawaii / Tidal wave 60 feet high / An Reg 1868-187. [III; 1318. "English History." Annual Register, 110 (1868): pt. 1, 1-188, at 187.]


1868 March 27 / Mauna Loa / subsided / great q and sea wave, Ap. 2, and submarine volc. / great eruption, 7th. A. J. Sci 2/46/115. [III; 1319. "Recent Eruption of Mauna Loa and Kilauea, Hawaii." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 46 (1868): 105-123.]


1868 March 28-Ap. 7 / q's in Hawaii / Bull Seis Soc Amer 4-177. [III; 1320. Wood, Harry Oscar. "On the Earthquakes of 1868 in Hawaii." Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 4 (1914): 169-203, at 177-180.]


1868 March 28 / q's / Sandwich Islands, began. / L.T., June 22-12-c / For 6 hours at short intervals. Terror of it in nothing to cling totrees, etc., shaking. On April 2, the islands reeled in most fearful q. known. / In District of Kaiu, from which this letter written, no light from Mauna Loa seen till night of April 7th. Letter from a missionary. [III; 1321.1, 1321.2. "The Sandwich Islands." London Times, June 22, 1868, p. 12 c. 3.]


1868 March 30 / Violent shock at Aix / La Sci Pour Tous 13-160. [III; 1322. (La Science Pour Tous, 13 (no. 20; April 16, 1868): 160.)]


1868 Ap. 2 / Great volc eruption and qs., Mauna Loa. / Sydney Morn. Herald, Sept. 1, 1868. Tidal wave 60 feet high. / Lesser before Ap. 2. Lava and also an eruption of moist clay. [III; 1323."The Volcano of Owhyhee." Sydney Morning Herald, September 1, 1868, p. 3 c. 3-4. "The Volcano of Owhyhee." Nautical Magazine, 37 (1868): 328-330.]


1868 April / (+) / (Ext bird) / A Copiapo (Chili) newspaper, copied in the Zoologist, July, 1868"Yesterday at about five o'clock in the afternoon"—in the sky—"a gigantic bird, which at first sight we took for one of the clouds." "Its immense wings were clothed with a grayish plumage, its monstrous head was like that of a locust, its eyes were wide open and shone like burning coals; it seemed to be covered with something resembling the thick and stout bristles of a boar, while on its body, elongated like that of a serpent, we could only see brilliant scales, which clashed together with a metallic sound as the strange animal turned its body in its flight." / See July 22, 1890. [III; 1324.1, 1324.2, 1324.3. "A Strange Bird." Zoologist, s. 2 v. 3 (July 1868): 1295. See: 1890 June 19, (B; 1100), and, 1890 June 19, (VI; 2029).]


1868 Ap. 2 / N.Y. Trib, May 26-1-6 / Top of a hill broken off and thrown a thousand feet. [III; 1325. "Mauna Loa." New York Tribune, May 26, 1868, p. 1 c. 6, & p. 2 c. 1. The Mauna Loa and Kilauea volcanoes.]


1868 Ap. 2 / Most violent shock in Sandwich Islands / N.Y. Trib, May 25-1-5. From one of the volcs burst a large stream of water. [III; 1326. "Sandwich Islands." New York Tribune, May 25, 1868, p. 1 c. 5. Klein, Fred. W., and, Wright, Tom. "Exponential decline of aftershocks of the M7.9 1868 great Kau earthquake, Hawaii, through the 20th century." Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 113 (Issue B9; September 19, 2008): B09310.1–B09310.11. "The Kau earthquake was preceded bya Mauna Loa summit eruption on 27 March and by 5 days of foreshocks, including an M7.0 event on 28 March. A Mauna Loa southwest rift eruption on 7 April followed the great earthquake." The aftershock sequence of this earthquake has continued at least as far as 2007. "The Kau earthquake is a rare opportunity to observe the preearthquake and postearthquake seimisicity through a period of missionary settlement and later scientific observation by the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory and its seismic network."]


1868 Ap. 3-4 / night / Violent shocks / Côtes-du-Nord. / La Sci Pour Tous 13-167. [III; 1327. "Tremblements de Terre." La Science Pour Tous, 13 (no. 21; April 23, 1868): 167-168.]


1868 Ap 4 / q's of / See March 27. Sim qs Feb 18, 1889. [III; 1328. Milne, 720. See: 1868 March 27, (III; 1317); and, 1889 Feb. 18, (VI; 1555).]


1868 Ap. 6 / Writer says that during night of April 6, or the Monday preceding the eruption, came a shower of sand and pumice stone of unknown origin"probably from some vent hole near the crater." / N.Y. Trib, May 26-1-6 / This is the eruption of the 7th of Kahuka. [III; 1329. "Mauna Loa." New York Tribune, May 26, 1868, p. 1 c. 6, & p. 2 c. 1. The Mauna Loa volcano.]


1868 Ap. 6 / In Sandwich Islands, in night, ground covered with fine sand and light pumice stone. Where came from unknown. / A. J. Sci 2/46/115. [III; 1330. "Recent Eruption of Mauna Loa and Kilauea, Hawaii." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 46 (1868): 105-123, at 115.]


1868 April 6 / Venus / (Cut) / Small bright projection with the circular limb / by Webb / Webb, Celestial Objects, p. 57. [III; 1331. Webb, Thomas William. Celestial Objects for Common Telescopes. 4th ed. London: Longmans, Green, 1881, 56-57.]


1868 Ap 7, in evening / Ap 11, in morning / Mauna Loa / Nouvelles Météorologiques 1/199. [III; 1332. (Nouvelles Météorologiques, 1-199.)]


1868 Ap. 13 / Pine pollen / Athens. Tissandier, Les Poussiere de l'Air, p. 72. [III; 1333. Tissandier, Gaston. Les Poussièrés de l'Air. Paris: Gauthier-Villars, 1877, 72.]


1868 Ap. 19 / Severe shocks / Bushire, India / L.T., May 30-12-1. [III; 1334. "India." London Times, May 30, 1868, p. 12 c. 1.]


1868 [Ap. 23] / Spirits / N.Y. Times, Ap. 23-6-5Existence of Franklin Spring, Ballston, N.Y., valuable property, said been revealed to a spiritualist, John Mitchell of Ballston, in the year 1852 by a spirit (Spirit of Benjamin Franklin). Land was owned by a Mr. Hides. Not until 1868, they got the money to dig and find800 feet deep. [A; 524.1, 524.2. "Spiritual Litigation." New York Times,  April 23, 1873, p. 6 c. 5-6. "A Spouting Spring Discovered by Spirits at Ballston." New York Times, July 23, 1871, p. 5 c. 5-6. Grose, Edward F. Centennial History of the Village of Ballston Spa. Ballston, N.Y.: Ballston Journal, 1907, 63-64.]


1868 / ab. Ap. 24 / Enormous wave on coast of Dorset / Nouvelles Météorologiques, 1/268. [III; 1335. (Nouvelles Météorologiques, 1-268.)]


1868 April 26 / Fr. / red rain / Toulouse / Flam, Atmosphere, p. 410. [III; 1336. Flammarion, Camille. James Glaisher, ed. The Atmosphere. New York: Harper, 1874, 410.]


1868 Ap. 27-28 / midnight, or midnight of 27th / Spectacular aurora at Cronstadt / La Sci Pour Tous 13-207. [III; 1337. "Aurore Boréale." La Science Pour Tous, 13 (no. 26; May 28, 1868): 207-208.]


1868 Ap. 28 / 7:10 a.m. / Shock at Lorient / La Sci Pour Tous 13-192. [III; 1338. "Nouvelles." La Science Pour Tous, 13 (no. 24; May 14, 1868): 192.]


1868 May 2 / Times of India (Overland Summary) of / Reported by Capt Wood, ab. 16 miles north of Chindwarra, loud detonations that had been heard several months. Those he heard, he thought were subterranean. [III; 1339. (Times of India, May 2, 1868; Overland Summary, not at BNA.)]


1868 May 3 / ab 9 a.m. / Very thick dry fog / At Toulouse, on 4th. After it disappeared, ground was covered with grains of pollen. / La Sci Pour Tous 14-58. [III; 1340. Bresson, Gédéon. "Les Offuscations du Soleil." La Science Pour Tous, 14 (no. 8; January 23, 1869): 57-58.]


1868 May 3, 4 / Sun obscured and dry fog / France and Italy / L'An. Sci 17/148. [III; 1341. "Les brouillards secs; leur cause.—Observations anciennes et modernes de pluies terreuses colorant les eaux." Année Scientifique et Industrielle, 17 (1873): 9-149, at 148.]


1868 May 3 / Dry fog / Paris / intense / obscured by sun / C.R. 66-867. [III; 1342. "M. Callaud annonce en outre à l'Académie que dans la matinée du 3 mai...." Comptes Rendus, 66 (1868): 867.]


1868 May 4 / Dry fog at Naples this day was thick and white. / La Sci Pour Tous 14-58. [III; 1343. Bresson, Gédéon. "Les Offuscations du Soleil." La Science Pour Tous, 14 (no. 8; January 23, 1869): 57-58.]


1868 May 5 / Violent shock / Tashkent / Western Gazette (Yeovil), May 29. [III; 1344. "A violent shock of earthquake...." Western Gazette, May 29, 1868, p. 3 c. 5. "A violent shock of earthquake was felt at Tachkent, in Russia, on the 5th inst. It lasted nearly a minute, the direction being from south-west to north-east. All the buildings were shaken, and most of them seriously damaged."]


1868 May 9 / at least to 9th / Shocks continuing / Sandwich Islands / N.Y. Trib 25-1-5. [III; 1345. "Sandwich Islands." New York Tribune, May 25, 1868, p. 1 c. 5.]


1868 May 10 / Uckfield, Sussex / After a severe th. storm a loud explosion unaccompanied by lightning / Astro Reg 6-80. [III; 1346. "Mr. Prince's Meteorological Journal...." Astronomical Register, 6 (March 1868): 80.]


[1868 May 13-14. Wrong date. See: 1869 May 13-14-15, (III; 1347).]


1868 May 15 / new star? / Cardiff Times of May 23 / Reported from Freshwater, Isle of Wight / A star or comet in full sunshine. Altitude about 75 degrees / S.E. by S. [III; 1348. "A Comet." London Evening Standard, May 18, 1868, p. 5 c. 5. (Cardiff  Times, May 23, 1868; not @ BNA; issue missing.)]


1868 May 15 / The Isle of Wight starcor writes altitude ab 75 degrees. SE by S. Watched from 1 p.m. until 3:30. Cor says it was stationary. Thinks was a star or comet. ([LT] 18-7-d) / 19-10-dThat it was Venus. [III; 1349. "A Comet." London Times, May 18, 1868, p. 7 c. 4. "To the Editor of the Times." London Times, May 19, 1868, p. 10 c. 4. With a visual magnitude of -4.3 and elongation of 45°, this was a daytime observation of Venus, (with its disc illuminated 45%, which explains its "pear shape").]


1868 May 22 / q / Mexico / BA '11. [III; 1350. A class II earthquake. Milne, 720.]


1868 May 22 / (Agram) / Slavetic, Agram, Crotia, Austria. / (F). [III; 1351. Fletcher, 103. This is the Slavetic meteorite.]


1868 May 22 / See June 21. / 10:06 p.m. / Germany / q(/) / meteor / Zeit Met 3/317, 507. [III; 1352. "Kleinere Mittheilungen." Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, 3 (1868): 314-318, at 317-318. "Kleinere Mittheilungen." Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, 3 (1868): 505-507, at 507. See: 1868 June 21, (III; 1395).]


1868 May 22 / Aerolite / also 1869 / E Mec 79/383. [III; 1353. Monck, William Henry Stanley. "AerolitesPerpetual Motion.” English Mechanic, 79 (no. 2045; June 3, 1904): 383-384.]


1868 May 22 / Tuesday before  [May 19] / Tidal wave 4 feet high / Scotland / Montrose Standard, May 22. I get from the Wellington (N.Z.) Independent, Aug 27-4-6. [III; 1354. "Strange Phenomenon." Montrose, Arbroath and Brechin Review, May 22, 1868, p. 4 c. 5. "Wave Phenomena." Wellington Independent, (New Zealand), August 27, 1868, p. 4 c. 6.]


1868 May 23 / (?) / Nothing in Newport Gazette. [III; 1355.]


1868 May 23 / The Field [of], 411-1 / animal / "In the neighbourhood of Llanover Park, Monmouthshire, an animal, supposed to be a wolf, has devoured forty lambs and several hundred geese, ducks, chickens and pheasants.” [A; 525. "A Supposed Wolf in Wales." Field, May 23, 1868, p. 411, (c. 1).]


1868 May 26 and following days / At night, sky at Bakou (Caucasas) illuminated and smoke seen. Supposed from an unknown volcano / Nouvelles Météorologiques 1/294. [III; 1356. (Nouvelles Météorologiques, 1-294.)]


1868 May 27 / Red spot on Venus for a few seconds / Cor to Birmingham Gazette of 28th / Someone else, June 1, saw it appearing and disappearing. [III; 1357. "The Evening Star." Birmingham Daily Gazette, May 28, 1868, p. 8 c. 5. "The Planet Venus." Birmingham Daily Gazette, June 1, 1868, p. 6 c. 6.]


1868 May 29 / ab. noon, tremendous th. storm, London / 8:30 a.m., Brighton / D. News, 30th. [III; 1358. "Severe Thunderstorm." London Daily News, May 30, 1868, p. 5 c. 3.]


1868 May 29 / In Birmingham Gazette, July 11th, said almost daily complaints of stones thrown by boys at trains. Mr. Harrington, walking along the Parade, been struck in the face by a stone more than ½ lb in weight, which must have been thrown with great violence. [III; 1359. Harrington, Robert. Birmingham Daily Gazette, July 7, 1868, p. 4 c. 2. Harrington was struck by the stone on the night of July 4, 1868. “The Stone-Throwing Nuisance.” Aris's Birmingham Gazette, July 11, 1868, p. 6 c. 4.]


1868 May 29 / Pebbles / storm / Italy / Dec., 1871. [III; 1360. See: 1871 Dec, (IV; 559).]


1868 May 29 / Pebbles / Hungary / March 31, 1875. [III; 1361. See: 1875 March 31, (IV; 1641).]


1868 May 29 / Hungarian stones / June 9, 1866. [III; 1362. See: 1866 June 9, (III; 878).]


1868 May 29 / Pebbles / Hungary / Aug 10, 1841. [III; 1363. See: 1841 Aug 10, (II; 356).]


1868 May 29 / Plant's letter is copied in Symons Met 3/71, and he asserts fall of 1858. [III; 1364. "The Thunderstorms of May 29th." Symons's Meteorological Magazine, 3 (June 1868): 65-72, at 71. "A similar phenomenon visited Birmingham ten years ago." Plant, Thomas Livesley. "The Shower of Meteoric Stones." Birmingham Daily Post, June 1, 1868, p. 8 c. 5.]


1868 May 29 / Like June, 1858 / great lumps ice. [III; 1365. See: 1858 June 11, (II; 2188).]


1868 May 29 / Blackheath, London / afternoon / hail½ in diameter / of 7 strata / Symons 3/67. [III; 1366. "The Thunderstorms of May 29th." Symons's Meteorological Magazine, 3 (June 1868): 65-72, at 67. "Thunderstorm." London Times, May 30, 1868, p. 9 c. 6.]


1868 May 29 / Midland Counties Herald / nothing. [III; 1367.]


1868 May 29 / evening / Th. storm violent in Paris / Rugby Advertiser, June 6. Preceded by a hot wind and clouds of dust. [III; 1368. "The Late Thunderstorm." Rugby Advertiser, June 6, 1868, p. 6 c. 2.]


1868 May 29 / Frgs near Birm / Aug 21, 1843. [III; 1369. See: 1843 Aug 21, (II: 660 & 661).]


1868 May 29 / Th stone near Wolverhampton / Ap. 26, 1876 / not very near. [III; 1370. See: 1876 Ap. 26, (IV; 1846).]


1868 May 29 / See "Pebbles". [III; 1371. See: Pebbles, (SF-III: 341-358).]


1868 May 29 / B. rain / Birm / May 3, 1866. [III; 1372. See: 1866 May 3, (III; 836).]


[1868 May 29] / Birm-Wolver / th stone / Ap. 26, 1876. [III; 1373. See: 1876 Ap. 26, (IV; 1846).]


1868 May 29 / In Birm Journal, June 13, is a chemist's reportthat "similar to if not identical with Rowley rag stones." This chemist says they were feebly attracted by the magnet. In Birm Daily Post, June 1, Mr. Plant said that in his experiments magnetic cohesion was complete. [III; 1374. "The Fall of Meteoric Stones." Birmingham Journal, June 13, 1868, p. 5 c. 2. "They possess the characterscolour, fracture, hardness, specific gravity (about 3), and the property of being feebly attracted by the magnetof basaltic rock, and are similar to, if not identical with, the well-known Rowley Rag stone." Plant, Thomas Livesley. "The Shower of Meteoric Stones." Birmingham Daily Post, June 1, 1868, p. 8 c. 5.]


1868 May 29 . Birm D. Post, June 8, cor writes that stones secured by him from Mr. Plant had twice the specific gravity of Rowley ragstone. [III; 1375. "The Shower of Meteoric Stones." Birmingham Daily Post, June 8, 1868, p. 5 c. 5.]


1868 May 29 / Dakota / pebbles / May 22, 1884. [III; 1376. See: 1884 May 22, (V; 1964).]


1868 May 29 / Pebbles / Hungary / March 31, 1875 / Special case, Aug 10, ab 1841. [III; 1377. See: 1841 Aug 10, (II; 356), and, 1875 March 31, (IV: 1641 & 1642).]


1868 May 29 / Pebbles in Switzerland / Feb 20, 1907. [III; 1378. See: 1907 Feb. 20, (IX; 658).]


1868 May 29 / Frgs near Birm. / Stourbridge / Aug 21, 1843. [III; 1379. See: 1843 Aug 21, (II: 660 & 661).]


1868 May 29 / Hazelnut husk with the black stones of B. / Birmingham Daily Post, June 1, 1868. [III; 1380. (Birmingham Daily Post, June 1, 1868; not found here.)]


1868 June 1 / [LT], 9-a / Meteoric stones / Birmingham? [III; 1381. "Fall of Meteoric Stones." London Times, June 1, 1868, p. 9 c. 1.]


1868 June 3 / moon / Dark round spot on southern wall of Copernicus, by Schmidt. No trace on July 10. Black point reappears on July 20. / L'Astro 4/309. [III; 1382. Detaille, C. "Points sombres énigmatiques observés dans les cratères lunaires." Astronomie, 4 (1885): 308-311, at 309, (illustration).]


1868 June 6 / 11:40 a.m. / A. J. Sci 2/46/429 / Det. met / Kansas / BA 69-279. [III; 1383. Mudge, Benjamin Franklin. "On a Meteorite which exploded over Kansas, June 6, 1868." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 46 (1868): 429-430. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1868-69." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1869, 216-308, at 279-280.]


1868 June 8 / (3) / Oxford / Seen at Radcliffe Observatory—stationary thing, cloud like or comet like. It was seen then to move, in a straight line and then deviating several times with smoke and flame as if from an engine. Watched 4 minutes. / E Mec 7/351. [III; 1384.1, 1384.2. "Remarkable Meteor." English Mechanic, 7 (no. 172;  July 10, 1868): 351. "As the observer was pointing out its comet-like appearance to some persons who happened to be with him in the lower meadow of the Observatory, it appeared to start into motion, taking a course directly west, and passing just below α and β Ursae Majoris, and leaving a train behind of a greater breadth than itself, which remained visible through its whole course after it had disappeared below the N.W. horizon. When it approached Leo it deviated from the straight line which it had previously taken, and turned somewhat towards the south, passing near Regulus, and the bent northwards again. The time that it was visible must have been nearly four minutes."]


1868 June 8 / (3) / Oxford / Radcliffe Observatory, Oxford / Cometary looking object seemed stationarythen turning westward, then southward and then turned north. Visible 4 minutes. / E Mec 7/351. [III; 1385. "Remarkable Meteor." English Mechanic, 7 (no. 172;  July 10, 1868): 351.]


1868 June 8 / Oxford Obj. / 9:50 p.m. / At first like a faint white cloud / 5° by 1°W of Polaristo Leo / toward Regulus / then north / L.T., June 15-9-f. [III; 1386. "Remarkable Meteor." London Times, June 15, 1868, p. 9 c. 6.]


1868 June 8 / [LT], 9-e / Subterranean fire at Hanley. [III; 1387. "Subterranean Fire." London Times, June 8, 1868, p. 9 c. 5.]


1868 June 9 / near Dölitz, Pomerania / Fishes / Jour Amer Mus Nat. Hist 21/615. [III; 1388. Gudger, Eugene Willis. "Rain of Fishes." American Museum Journal, 21 (1921): 607-619, at 615.]


1868 June 9 / near Dölitz, Pomerania / Fishes / Archiv Vere in Freunde Nat. Mecklenburg 21-151. [III; 1389. Boll, Ernest. "Fischregen in Pommern und Mecklenburg." Archiv des Vereins der Freunde der Naturgeschichte in Mecklenburg, 21 (1868): 151-152.]


1868 June 9 / 11:40 a.m. / Topeka, etc., Kansas / great detonation heard / (429) / meteor seen / A. J. Sci 2/46/429. [III; 1390. Mudge, Benjamin Franklin. "On a Meteorite which exploded over Kansas, June 6, 1868." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 46 (1868): 429-430.]


1868 June 10 / [LT], 9-f / Tiger at large. [A; 526. "A Tiger at Large." London Times, June 10, 1868, p. 9 c. 6. A tiger escaped from the Zoological Garden in Antwerp, went on a rampage, and was killed by its pursuers.]


1868 June 12-13 / night / in Assam / 2 shocks followed by heavy falls of rain. Allahabad Pioneer, July 17. [III; 1391. (Allahabad Pioneer, July 17, 1868.)]


1868 June 18 / Shocks on coast of N.S. Wales / Birmingham Gazette, Sept. 12. [III; 1392. "A shock of earthquake...." Birmingham Daily Gazette, September 9, 1868, p. 2 c. 6. "The Shock of Earthquake." Sydney Morning Herald, June 20, 1868, p. 7 c. 2.]


1868 June 18 / Shock coast N.S. Wales. / San Francisco Ev Bulletin, Aug. 27. [III; 1393. (San Francisco Evening Bulletin, August 27, 1868; on microfilm; @ GeneaologyBank.com.)]


1868 June 21 / Austria / 29Germany / 30Russia / [quakes] / BA '11. [III; 1394. Milne, 720.]


1868 June 21 / See May 22. / Germany / q and met? / Zeit Met 3/350, 51. [III; 1395. "Kleinere Mittheilungen." Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, 3 (1868): 341-352, at  at 350-351. See: 1868 May 22, (III; 1352).].


1868 June 21 to July 17 / 18 shocks / San Francisco / N.Y. Times, Nov 18-2-6, 1871. [III; 1396. "Earthquakes." New York Times, November 18, 1871, p. 2 c. 6.]


1868 June 21 / See June 5, 1858. / At Worthing, great black clouds and wind and tide. Sea suddenly receded 60 or 70 yards, rushing back. / Symons Met Mag., 3-83 / This like Jan., 1884. [III; 1397. "Thunderstorms and Tidal Disturbances." Symons's Meteorological Magazine, 3 (July 1868): 81-83, at 83.) See: 1884 Jan. 14, (V: 1822, 1823, & 1824).]


1868 June 26 / [LT], 10-b / 27-12-f / Burning moors in Yorkshire. [III; 1398. "The Burning Moors in Yorkshire." London Times, June 26, 1868, p. 10 c. 2. "Incendiarism on the Wolds." London Times, June 27, 1868, p. 12 c. 6.]


1868 June 27 / Typhoon / Yokohama / San Francisco Ev. Bulletin, Aug. 17. [III; 1399. (San Francisco Evening Bulletin, August 17, 1868; on microfilm; @ GeneaologyBank.com.)]


1868 June 29 / [LT], 6-a / Ornithological phe. [III; 1400. "Ornithological Phenomenon." London Times, June 29 1868, p. 6 c. 1.]


1868 / last of June / ab. 3 p.m. / Metite at Phnom Pehn, Cochin China / Les Mondes 18-506. [III; 1401. Garnaut. "Météorite tombée en Cochinchine." Les Mondes, 18 (1868): 506. The Pnompehn meteorite.]


1868 June 30 / Russia / q. / II / BA '11. [III; 1402. A class II earthquake. Milne, 720.]


1868 / summer / Drought / England / Nature 2-169. [III; 1403. "Notes." Nature, 2 (June 30, 1870): 168-169, at 169.]


1868 July / H. House / polts at Muchelney / farmhouse near / phe after a shock like of slight earthquake / Light, Dec 10, 1867 / See 1869. [A; 527. (Light, December 10, 1867; spiritualist magazine not published until 1881.) "Ghosts and Hobgoblins...." Western Gazette, June 12, 1868, p. 5  c. 5. "The Muchelney Affair." Western Gazette, June 19, 1868, p. 6 c. 4.  "The Muchelney 'Manifestations' have ceased during the past week." Western Gazette, June 26, 1868, p. 7 c. 1. "To the Editor." Western Gazette, June 26, 1868, p. 7 c. 2. "The Muchelney Manifestations." Western Gazette, July 3, 1868, p. 5 c. 1. "The Muchelney Disturbances." Western Gazette, July 31, 1868, p. 3 c. 2-4. "The Muchelney Disturbances." Human Nature, 2 (October 1868): 500-502. "Reports of Progress." Human Nature, 4 (October 1870): 480-483, at 481. "A Somersetshire Ghost Story." Spiritual Magazine, n.s., 3 (September 1868): 423-424. "The Muchelney Disturbances." Spiritual Magazine, n.s., 3 (October 1868): 433-441. "The Muchelney Disturbances." Spiritual Magazine, n.s., 3 (October 1868): 478-479.]


[1868 July 1. Wrong date. See: 1868 July 11, (III; 1404).]


1868 July 1 / BO / bet 3 and 4 a.m. / Nagpore / Large globe of fire that burst into dazzling fragments at Nagpore, Central Provinces. / Allahabad Pioneer, 15th, p. 4. [III; 1405. (Allahabad Pioneer, July 15, 1868, p. 4.)]


1868 July 2 / [LT], 10-e / q. at Pesth. [III; 1406. "Hungary." London Times, July 2, 1868, p. 10 c. 5-6.]


1868 July 5 / (Cut) / (Verified) / 11h, 45m p.m., local / (th stone) / Namur, Belgium / meteorite in violent storm / B Assoc 1869/277. Small object weighed about ounce. Covered with olive colored crust speckled with yellow. [III; 1407. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1868-69." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1869, 216-308, at 277. "During a violent storm a fireball fell on the roof of a house at Namur, and broke a tile. The fall coincided with a clap of thunder." Bellynck, Auguste. "Sur un aérolithe tombé à Namur." Les Mondes, 18 (1868): 332. Bellynck, Auguste. "Sur un fragment d'aérolithe recueilli, à Namur, pendant l'orage du 5 au 6 juillet 1868." Bulletins de l'Académie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, s. 2 v. 26 (1868): 195. Bellynck, Auguste. "Sur un aérolithe tombé à Namur, dans la nuit du 5 au 6 juillet 1868." Bulletins de l'Académie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, s. 2 v. 26 (1868): 288-289. This aerolite has been lost.]


1868 July / S.S. in air / See one in Wales, Aug 26, 1921. [III; 1408. See: 1921 Aug 26, (X; 1480).]


1868 July 6 / In Alsace. Dry fog and increased to 9th. / Nouvelles Météorologiques, 2-199. [III; 1409. (Nouvelles Météorologiques, 2-199.)]


1868 July 7 / q. / Trinidad / BA 1911-55. [III; 1410. A class I earthquake. Milne, 720. Turner, H.H., et al. "Seismological Investigations." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1911, 30-67, at 55.]


1868 July 9 / (Fr) / 3:30 a.m. / Argeles, Hautes, Pyrenees / See July 19, 1854. / L.T., July 28, 1868. [III; 1417. "An Earthquake in the Pyrenees." London Times, July 28, 1868. p. 10 c. 5. See: 1854 July 19, (II; 1786).]


1868 July 11 / (D-74) / Ornans, France / Carbon / N. [III; 1411. The note copies information from page 74 of The Book of the Damned. Flight, Walter. "Meteorites and the Origin of Life," Eclectic Magazine, 89, (n.s., v. 26; December 1877): 711-718, at 717. This is the Ornans meteorite.]


[1868 July 11 /] 1868 July 1 / Ornans, Doubs, France / (F). [III; 1404. Fletcher, 103. This is the Ornans meteorite.]


1868 July, Aug / Nothing in Bombay Gazette. [III; 1413.]


1868 July 15 / (+) / At Kootupbur, "small balls of wet earth, about the size of peas, fell slowly but for a considerable length of time"on 22nd fell a shower of earth. Wellington (NZ) Independent, Nov 3-3-2, quoting The Indian Daily News. [III; 1414. "India." Wellington Independent, (New Zealand), November 3, 1868, p. 3 c. 2.]


1868 / ab July 15 / Sandwich Islands / Eruption and big "tidal wave". Melbourne Age, Aug 28. [III; 1415. "Earthquakes Waves on the Pacific." Melbourne Age, August 28, 1868, p. 3 c. 6. No date for this wave was mentioned by the article, (which quoted the Panama Star of July 21).]


1868 July 16 / Venus Inf. Conjunction Sol / (Al). [III; 1412. Inferior conjunction of Venus. Nautical Almanac and Astronomical Ephemeris, 1868, 484.]


1868 July 17 / B / Casale, Piedmont / (Italy) / 1840 / See Feb. / Phil Mag 4/8/460. [III; 1416. Greg, Robert Philips. "Observations on Meteorolites...." London, Edinburgh and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, s. 4 v. 8 (1854): 329-342, 449-463, at 460. See: 1840 July 17, (II; 192), and, 1868 Feb 29, (III; 1301).]


[1868 July 20. Wrong date. See: 1869 July 20, (III; 1418).]


1868 July 20 / Violent fall of waterBaltimore / Cosmos 3/3/172. [III; 1419. "Autre Sinistre...." Cosmos, s. 3 v. 3.(August 15, 1868): 172-173. "Effects of the Storm." Philadelphia Evening Telegraph, July 24, 1868, p. 4 c. 4. The rain that fell in torrents and flooded Baltimore, Maryland, began at 9 A.M., on July 24, (not July 20, as stated in the Cosmos article).]


1868 July 21 / Iztaccihuatl (the White Woman) burst into eruption, having been silent in recorded time. / Times, Oct 24-8-d. This volc in Mexico. L.T., Oct 24-8-d. [III; 1420. "Volcanic Action in Mexico." London Times, October 24, 1868, p. 8 c. 4. The Iztaccihuatl volcano has not erupted in recorded time; however, the Colima volcano was in eruption at this time.]


1868 July 22 / (+) / See July 15. [III; 1421. See: 1868 July 15, (III; 1414).]


1868 July 23 / Metite / India / A man was struck by a thunderbolt, or meteoric stone, on the 23rd, at Bandsee. / Times of India, July 28-1-6. In the Ghazeepore district. The corpse, which was transported to Ghazeepore, is said to have been rather crushed than scathed or blasted. [III; 1422.1, 1422.2. "Mofussil Items." Times of India, August 3, 1868, p. 4 c. 7.]


1868 July 23 / [LT], 10-f / Remarkable year. [A; 529. "A Remarkable Year." London Times, July 23, 1868, p. 10 c. 6.]


1868 July 25 / Angers / Seemingly phosphorescent lights made by a storm. / C.R., 67/400. [III; 1423. Decharme, C. "Note sur des éclairs phosphorescents observés à Angers le 25 juillet 1868." Comptes Rendus, 67 (1868): 400-402.]


1868 July 26 / (BO) / bet 8 and 9 p.m. / At Serampore, a dazzling globe from N.W. In Calcutta, "an immense volume of blue light. / Allahabad Pioneer, 31-4-1. [III; 1424. (Allahabad Pioneer, July 31, 1868, p. 4 c. 1.)]


1868 July 26 / Bet 8 and 9 p.m., at Serampore, luminous obj from the N.W., illuminating the whole heavens. Another cor describes similar sight at 8:30 p.m. at Calcutta but ac to him this was [note cut off] / Times of India, Aug 4-3-3. [III; 1425. "A Meteor of Unusual Brilliancy." Times of India, August 4, 1868, p. 3 c. 3.]


1868 July 30 / early morning / Great det met Rio [de] Janeiro / Brazil? / or near Rezende and San Paulo in the south of the province of San Janeiro / GazPeru? [III; 1426. "Meteoric Phenomena." New York Herald, September 4, 1868, p. 4 c. 3-4. "This aerolite so disturbed the magnetic instruments that the declinometer turned its pole from the north towards the west and stuck itself in the box where it found resistance; the horizontal magnometer turned towards the west eight divisions of the scale; the vertical magnometer fell in the centre of gravity; and, finally, the compass oscillated 15 degrees from north to west. I showed Señor Arsenio the disturbed state of the declinimeter. It ism therefore, demonstrated for physics that an aerolite has an intense action upon the North Pole of magnets, powerfully attracting them."]


1868 Aug. / Meteors / BA 1868/13. [III; 1427. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1867-68." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1868, 344-428, at 422-428.]


1868 Aug / Rare events in England / See Field. [III; 1428. (Field, 1868.)]


1868 Aug / Exceptional rain / Natal / Proc Brit Met. Soc 4-1867. [III; 1429. Mann, R.J. "On an exceptionally Heavy Rainfall and a Destructive Flood in the Colony of Natal, in the Month of August 1868." Proceedings of the Meteorological Society, 4 (November 18, 1868): 231-236.]


1868 Aug 1, ab / Along shore of Lake Ontario, near towns of Sodus and Williamson, "on Friday", fish large and small came rushing ashore by thousands. / Said that been a sudden fall of 20 degrees in the temperature of the water. / San Fran. Ev. Bulletin, Aug. 21. [III; 1430. (San Francisco Evening Bulletin, August 21, 1868.)]


1868 Aug 1 / [LT], 9-f / Ghst at Bermondsey. [A; 530. "Police." London Times, August 1, 1868, p. 9 c. 6.]


1868 Aug. 2 / (BO) / far from sea / Yuma Co., Arizona Territory (San Fran. Ev Bulletin, 29th) "A waterspout." Volume of water came rushing down a ravine and overwhelmed a wagon-train. [III; 1431. (San Francisco Evening Bulletin, August 29, 1868.)]


1868 Aug 5 / 7:15 p.m. / near Wellington, N.Z. / Great met explodedabout size of moon. Rumbling sound. / Trans and Proc New Zealand Institute, 1-40. [III; 1432. “Fourth Meeting. August 25, 1868.” Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 1 (1868): 39-40.]


1868 Aug 6 / Donegal, Ireland / Ball-light like Banbury object. [III; 1433. (Ref.???) See: 1872 Nov. 30, (IV; 1096).]


1868 Aug 6 / "Terrible tornado" in New Hampshire / N./Y. Trib 17-1-5. [III; 1434. "Terrible Tornado in New Hampshire." New York Tribune, August 17, 1868, p. 1 c. 5.]


1868 Aug 8-14 / At Calcutta, 15.21 inches of rain. Average for this period in preceding 14 years was 2.48 inches. / The Pioneer (Allahabad), Aug. 21. [III; 1435. (Pioneer, August 21, 1868.)]


1868 Aug 9 / Heavy rains and floods ./ Bmbay / Pioneer (Allahabad), 19th. [III; 1436. (Pioneer, August 19, 1868.)]


1868 Aug 10 / Small q near Paris / B.A. '11. [III; 1437. A class I earthquake. Milne, 720.]


1868 Aug 10, 11, 12, etc./ Rains at Guzerat and Kattiawar, India equalled ordinary fall for a year. Times of India, 18th / Floods in other parts of India. / In following issues, details of disastersvillages flood and washed awayestimated that ⅓ of buildings of Ahmedabad damaged by deluge. [III; 1438.1, 1438.2. (Times of India, August 18, 1868; not found here.)]


1868 Aug 11 / 12:08 a.m. / Birmingham / met train / MWR 07/391. [III; 1439. Trowbridge, C.C. "On Atmospheric Currents at Very Great Altitudes." Monthly Weather Review, 35 (no. 9; September 1907): 390-397, at 391, cv. Table 2.]


1868 / ab Aug 12 / Huge meteorite that had fallen near Cheatham's Cross Roads, Tennessee. / San Francisco Ev. Bulletin, Sept 8. Great hole found and hot 3 days. People dug to a hot wedge shaped stone 7 feet in longest measurement. [III; 1440.1, 1440.2. (San Francisco Evening Bulletin, September 8, 1868.)]


1868 / ab Aug 13 / Great sunspot / San Francisco Ev. Bulletin, Sept 10, quoting N.Y. Ev. Post, of Aug. 24. [III; 1441. (San Francisco Evening Bulletin, September 10, 1868.) (New York Evening Post, August 24, 1868; not found here.)]


1868 Aug / Chile / Ap. 2, 1851. [III; 1442. See: 1851 Ap. 2, (II: 1497 to 1499).]


1868 Aug / Chile / qs and phe / Nov., 1822. [III; 1443. See: 1822 Nov 19, (I: 1016 to 1021).]


[1868 Aug 12. Wrong date. See: 1868 Aug 15, (III; 1444).]


1868 Aug 13-14 / midnight / Wave reached Honolulu. / Sci. Op. 2-564. [III; 1445. (Scientific Opinion, 2-564.)]


1868 Aug / Chile / See Ap 2. / May 24, 1851 / early 1861 and Sept 30, 1861 / May 9, 1877. [III; 1446. See: 1851 Ap. 2, (II: 1497 to 1499); 1851 May 24, (II: 1497 to 1499);  1861 March 20, (III: 75 to 81, 82 & 85); 1861 Sept 30, (III; 178); and, 1877 May 9, (IV; 2075 to 2080).]


1868 / Q / Peru/ May 11-4-5, Trib, 1902 / (Ver.) [III; 1447. "A South American Earthquake." New York Tribune, May 11, 1902, p. 4. c. 5.]


1868 Aug 9-13 / Torrential rains in India / Nouvelles Météorologiques 2-43. [III; 1448. (Nouvelles Météorologiques, 2-43.)]


1868 Aug 13 / A list of q's in Chile in Geog Mag 4-207. [III; 1449. "The Great Earthquake on the Coast of Peru." Geographical Magazine, 4 (1877): 206-209, at 207-208.]


1868 Aug 13 / bet 3:30 and 4 p.m. / Tidal wave at Grenada, W. Indies / C.R. 69-1085 / west coast of, same time as phe in rivers of Venezuela / These phe preceded the q of Peru by ab. 25 minutes (?) (see) / p. 1087+. [III; 1450. Rojas, A. "Les échos d'une tempéte séismique." Comptes Rendus, 69 (1869): 1084-1090, at 1085-1088.]


1868 Aug. 13 / About same time as q in Peru, overflowing of rivers in Venezuela and effects in ocean coast of V. C.R. 69-1084. [III; 1451. Rojas, A. "Les échos d'une tempéte séismique." Comptes Rendus, 69 (1869): 1084-1090.]


1868 Aug 13 / The q's continue on Oct 13 as severe as Aug 13. Trib, Nov. 16-1-5. [III; 1452. "Peru" New York Tribune, November 16, 1868, p. 1 c. 5-6.]


1868 Aug 13, etc. / Hot water from opened earth in many places / A. J. Sci 2/46/425. [III; 1453. "Earthquake of Aug. 13th16th, 1868." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 46 (1868): 422-426, at 425.]


1868 August / q. / India / Peshawar / BA '11. [III; 1454. A class I earthquake. Milne, 720.]


1868 Aug. 13 / Details best in N.Y. Trib, Sept. 14, page 1, 4 cols. [III; 1455. "Earthquake in South America." New York Tribune, September 14, 1868, p. 1 c. 1-4.]


1868 Aug 13 / N.Y. HeraldSept. 15"A brilliant light["] in the northeastit was a flash [word missing?] light and caused the observers to suspect a large conflagration at a great distance. It filled the space for about one half mile. Volcano suspected near Candarave, but none heard of. [III; 1458.1, 1458.2. "Meteoric Phenomena." New York Herald, September 4, 1868, p. 4 c. 3-4. "On the night of August 13 a brilliant light was observed in the northeast. It was a flash light and caused the observers to suspect a large conflagration at a great distance. It filled the space for about one half mile, We afterwards thought it might be due to the activity of some volcano, but thus far we have no knowledge of any neighboring volcano being in eruption, but judging from the nature of the damage done at Hocumba we are inclined to think that Mt. Tutupaca or some othe peaks around Candarave are at work. Some of my neighbors think the light was due entirely to electric causes."]


1868 Aug 13 / (+) / N.Y. Herald, Oct. 30 / "Your correspondent has noticed that statements have been made in the New York papers that Mount Misti, the volcano overlooking Arequipa, was in activity during the calamity. Such is not the fact." Then says no new details had been received. / Now if the phe at Mistilike the heat from phe of Pelée from a volc somewhere else. [III; 1459.1, 1459.2. "Peru." New York Herald, October 30, 1868, p. 4 c. 3-4.]


1868 Aug 13 / BO / Cosmos, 3/3/367 / Attributed to the volcano Cotocachi, north of Quito. [III; 1460. "(Le tremblement de terre de l'Amérique du Sud.)" Cosmos, s. 3 v. 3 (October 3, 1868): 365-367.]


1868 Aug 13 / Brazil and R.P. Mail, Nov. 7, tells of attempts to explain "in default of an active volcano". [III; 1461. (Brazil and River Plate Mail, November 7, 1868.)]


1868 Aug 13. / The river through town of Ica greatly increased and carrying ashes. / Brazil and River Plate Mail, Oct 7. [III; 1462. (Brazil and River Plate Mail, October 7, 1868.)]


1868 Aug 13 / Repeats / See Aug 15, 1869. [III; 1463. See: 1869 Aug 15 and 16, (III; 2062).]


1868 Aug 13 / night / Tidal wave / Talcahuana Bay, S. coast Chile, submerging two towns / Brazil and River Plate Mail, Oct 7, p. 5 / ab 8:45 p.m. / 10 p.m., ac to another cor. [III; 1464. (Brazil and River Plate Mail, Oct 7, p. 5.)]


1868 Aug 13 / See Sept. 4. / Oct 13. [III; 1465. See: 1868 Sept 4, (III; 1535), and, 1868 Oct 13, (III: 1576 to 1578).]


1868 Aug 13-14 / Chili / "The volcanoes did not show the least sign of perturbation." / The Student 4-147. [III; 1469. "The Great Earthquake of Peru, 1868." Student and Intellectual Observer, 4 (1870): 146-148, at 147.]


1868 Aug 13 / M. Gay's report upon q in Peru to French Acad. said that the volcanoes had given no sign during the q. / C.R. 69-262. Appearance of yellow feverp. 970 / See Feb 8, 1870. [III; 1470. Gay, Cl. "Sur le tremblement de terre arrivé en août 1868 dans l'Amérique méridionale." Comptes Rendus, 69 (1860): 260-264, at 262. See: (1870 Feb 8; not certain which note relates to this).]


1868 Aug 13 / morning / Series of waves, coast of California, off San Pedro. Tide rose 60 feet. / (J) / See NY Trib after the 13th. [III; 1471. "Earthquake under the Pacific Ocean." New York Tribune, August 21, 1868, p. 1 c. 4. "Tidal Phenomenon off San PedroThe Steamer Constantine Saved." New York Herald, August 21, 1868, p. 5 c. 2.]


1868 Aug 13 / 500 mummies thrown from a hill with which it was "stuffed". / L.T., Nov. 17-8-c. [III; 1472. "The Earthquake in Peru." London Times, November 17, 1868, p. 8 c. 3.]


1868 Aug 13 / ab. 5 p.m. / Arequipa is 40 miles from coast and 14 miles from Misti. / A. J. Sci 2-46-422. [III; 1473. "Earthquake of Aug. 13th16th, 1868." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 46 (1868): 422-426, at 422.]


1868 Aug 13-14 / midnight / Sea waves / Sandwich Islands / A. J. Sci 2/46/426. At Honolulu, higher tide first noticed 9 p.m., 13th. [III; 1474. "Earthquake Wave at the Sandwich Islands." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 46 (1868): 426-427.]


1868 Aug 13 / Great q of Peru and phe in sky / See Earthquake, Times, Oct 21, etc. / may been lights of a volcano. [III; 1475. "The Earthquake in Peru." London Times, October 21, 1868., p. 4 c. 3-5.]


1868 August / Small qs / Peshawar, India / BA '11. [III; 1476. A class I earthquake. Milne, 720.]


1868 Aug, Sept / Chile / Star and q. / See Aug 15 ab. 1886. [III; 1477. See: 1886 Aug 15, ab., (VI; 600), and, 1886 (Aug 15, ab.), (VI; 601).]


1868 [August] / Peru / See star after eruption, N. Zealand, 1886. [III; 1478. See: 1886 Aug 15, ab., (VI; 600), and, 1886 (Aug 15, ab.), (VI; 601).]


1868 Aug 13 / (+) / CR, 67-1066 / q in Chili / At Tacna, several degrees above the horizon to the northeast, a red light that lasted several hours attrib to some volcano in the Andesvolc of Saajama there between Oruro and the Tacora. [III; 1479. Pissis. "Sur le tremblement de terre éprouvé le 13 août 1868 dans la partie occidentale de l'Amérique du Sud." Comptes Rendus, 67 (1868): 1066-1069, at 1068. The volcanoes of the Payachata, (Parinacota and Pomerape), as well as Sajama, have not erupted since long before 1800; and, only the Isluga volcano, to the southeast of Tacna, erupted in 1868, before September.]


1868 Aug. 13 / An Reg 1868 / loss of life in Peru2000 / Ecuador20,000 / Arica ruined at 5 p.m. / 300,000 without shelter, 200 leagues along the coast. [III; 1480. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 110 (1868): pt. 2, 1-236, at 99-100, cv. "Fearful Earthquakes in South America."]


1868 Aug 13 / Trib, Sept. 7 / 5 p.m. Oscillation very apparently, to the eye, from S. to N. Atmosphere so charged with electricity during and for some time after shocks that shaking one's clothes, sparks flew off. [III; 1481. "Peru." New York Tribune, September 7, 1868, p. 1 c. 4-5. No mention of electricity, nor sparks, in this article. Le Plongeon, Augustus. "On Earthquakes and Volcanoes." English Mechanic, 15 (nos. 372, 373, 378, and 379; May 10, May 17, June 21, and June 28, 1872): 193-194, 220-221, 348, and 374; at 374. Le Plongeon states, in a report by Francisco Chocano at Arequipa, that "gushes of air charged with electricity" accompanied the earthquake.]


[1868 Aug 13] / Det / Heavy rains and the arrival of the corpses (later) floating down the river Mira. Dets / Silver of the bay risinggreen of fields falling in avalanches from bursting cliffs. [III; 1481.1, 1481.2. See: 1868 Aug 13, (III; 1482).]


1868 Aug 13 / HeraldSept 29 / "The volcano of Moquequa has been in partial action, yet the great volcanoes in the further south have not broken out, and the origin of the catastrophe remains confined to theoretical supositions." / Dets / Cliffs give away and avalanches of cane fields, etc. Coverings shaken off face of a cliffin cells, Peruvian mummies upright and cross-legged. / Bay of Arica like silver before roseso calm / Howling. [III; 1482.1, 1482.2. "The Earthquakes." New York Herald, September 29, 1868, p. 4 c. 1-4.]


1868 Aug 13 / q and dark / See July 21. / Peru / At Arica. / great clouds of dust / as dark as midnight / Ponton, Earthquakes, p. 128. [III; 1483. Ponton, Mungo. Earthquakes and Volcanoes. Revised ed. London: T. Nelson, 1872, 81.]


1868 Aug 13 / (Sept 4) / (+) / At Callao, Sept 4a dense mountain-like cloud toward western horizon and immediately afterward (at 27 minutes past noon) a brilliant "star" to the west-southwest. / Herald, Oct. 5. [III; 1484. "The Earthquakes." New York Herald, October 5, 1868, p. 3 c. 5-6. "At the moment of the shock a fresh breeze from south-southwest was blowing, although the day was like one in summer. In the distance, towards the western horizon, a dense mountain-like cloud was noticed. Immediately after the shock we noticed to the west-southwest a brilliant star, apparently of the first magnitude, and at a very high elevation. This phenomenon is not so strange as some may think, for we do not always have so clear a sky as at that time."]


1868 Aug 13, etc. / Heavy th. clouds and extreme manifestations of lightning around Sydney. Syd Morn Herald, Aug 19 and 20. [III; 1485. "Armidale."Sydney Morning Herald, August 17, 1868, p. 3 c. 3. "The Tidal Disturbance." Sydney Morning Herald, August 19, 1868, p. 3 c. 2. A correspondent argues that the solar eclipse, (on August 18), was not responsible for the tidal phenomena. "The cause of these disturbances is attributable, in my opinion, to the presence of a terrific hurricane off our coast.... The variableness of the wind, and the patches of electric clouds hovering about for the last day or two, all lead me to infer that we have been on the skirts of a storm." "The Weather." Sydney Morning Herald, August 20, 1868, p. 4 c. 5.]


1868 Aug 13 / In Ecuador, thought ac to various reports that catastrophe due to volcs Agualongo or Cayambe or Cotopaxi. / Herald, Sept 13. [III; 1486. "The Earthquake in Ecuador." New York Herald, September 13, 1868, p. 3 c. 5-6.]


1868 Aug 13 / Herald, Sept 13 / Ac to an account from Arequipa, lava and clouds of smoke and falling rocks and earth were coming from somewheresupposed from Mt. Misti, which was hidden by smokefrom somewhere. [III; 1487. "Account by an Eye Witness at Arequipa." New York Herald, September 13, 1868, p. 3 c. 5.]


1868 Aug 13 / L.T., Sept 26-7-d / Letters from Arica, Arequipa, Guayaquil. No volc. mentioned in the descriptions. [III; 1488. "The United States." London Times, September 26, 1868, p. 7 c. 4.]


1868 Aug 13 / Herald, Oct 5, an account from Bolivia where the effects slight"The people attribute the quake to a volcanic eruption, and all travellers just arrived state that only a few minutes previous to the shock, they noted that the heavens were lit up with a reddish glare"roads from Peru to Bolivia choked with rocks, mud and lava cast from the mountains. [III; 1489.1, 1489.2. "The Earthquakes." New York Herald, October 5, 1868, p. 3 c. 5-6.]


1868 Aug 13 / Disastrous Hurricane / New Hampshire / N.Y. Trib 15-1-3. [III; 1490. "Hurricane in Southern New Hampshire." New York Tribune, August 15, 1868, p. 1 c. 3.]


1868 Aug 13 / T / Cor to L.T., Oct 21-4-c / He noticed a flash as if of a great gun or distant lightning in the northeast (of Tacna). "An instant afterwards a vivid glare of red light completely overspread the clouded sky, and continued flashing and blazing so alarmingly that [I confess] I was filled with apprehensions [of worse disasters in store for us,] for I knew that there were active volcanoes in the direction in which I had seen the first flash." People crying in the streets"El volcan!" "Up to this time we have no news of the outbreak of any volcanoes, and people begin to ascribe the light to some electrical phenomenon, a meteor, or even an explosion of saltpetre. But I believe it far more probable that a small and little known volcano in some out of the way corner of the Andes is having occasional outbursts. It has since been ascertained to have been an eruption of  Canderave."much less than 100 miles from Tacna. [III; 1491.2 to 1492.4. "The Earthquake in Peru." London Times, October 21, 1868, p. 4 c. 3-5.]


1868 Aug 13 / Detthe bay rose. / Ships carried and left inland. / N.Y. Herald, Sept. 13"No volc in S. part of Peru is active." [III; 1492. "Appalling Calamity." New York Herald, September 13, 1868, p. 3 c. 1-6. "None of the numerous volcanoes in the southern portion of the republic are active, and it is difficult to locate the source of the movement that is felt at La Paz, Bolivia, that casts a huge wave over the southern ports of Chile, together with those of Callao and Arica, and finally destroys the town of Arequipa, more than one hundred miles from the sea."]


1868 Aug 14 / 7 a.m. and all day, at Wilmington, Cal., rises and falls of the sea. San Francisco Ev. Bulletin, 19th. [III; 1493. (San Francisco Evening Bulletin, August 19, 1868.)]


1868 Aug. 14 / Nothing of tide at San Fran in the S.F. Ev. Bulletin. [III; 1494.]


1868 Aug 14 / Callao / "A terrific fire" in half the town. "It could ot be accounted for." Brazil and River Plate Mail, Oct 7, p. 8. [III; 1495. (Brazil and River Plate Mail, Oct 7, 1868, p. 8.)]


1868 Aug 14 / Great wave / morning / Bay of Valparaiso / Brazil and River Plate Mail, Oct 7. [III; 1496. (Brazil and River Plate Mail, Oct 7, 1868.)]


1868 Aug 14 / Tidal wave / N. Zealand / See Trans and Procs. N.Z. Institute, vol. 1. [III; 1497. Hector, James. "On the recent Earthquakes and Wave Phenomena observed in New Zealand"; " Second Communication on the recent Earthquakes and Wave Phenomena"; and, "Third Communication on the same subject." Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 1 (1868): 93-103.]


1868 Aug 15 / Heavy rain in Ecuador / Brazil and R. P. Mail, Nov. 7. [III; 1498. (Brazil and River Plate Mail, November 7, 1868.)]


1868 Aug 14, 15, 16 / Sandwich Islands / q's and tidal waves / Trib, Sept 28-1-4. [III; 1466. "Sandwich Islands." New York Tribune, September 28, 1868, p. 1 c. 4.]


1868 Aug 15 / (Wave) / 7:30 a.m. at Oamaru, ac to another account. [III; 1467. See: 1868 Aug 15, (III; 1444).]


1868 Aug 15 / Tidal wave / Yokahoma / N.Y. Trib, Sept. 23-1-5 / N.M. [III; 1468. "Japan." New York Tribune, September 23, 1868, p. 1 c. 5.]


1868 Aug 15 / Rumor of tidal wave. [A; 531. De Lange, W.P., and T.R. Healy. "New Zealand tsunamis 1840-1982." New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 29 (1986): 115-134, at 124-125. "The tsunami from northern Chile is the most extensive tsunami reported in New Zealand, It is also the only tsunami to have directly caused a death in New Zealand."]


[1868 Aug 15 /] 1868 Aug 12 / bet 8 and 9 p.m. / Chatham Islands / sound like discharge of cannon. Oamaru Times, Sept. 1. [III; 1444. "General Summary." North Otago Times, September 1, 1868, p. 2 c. 2-6. The date given by this article was August 15, (with no time mentioned). "The effects of the disturbance were also felt up many of the tidal rivers to the distance of several miles. The Chatham Islands suffered severely, one settlement being completely washed away, and great destruction of property taking place. News has arrived from Sydney of an extraordinary rise of the tide on the same day, as also from Newcastle, where considerable damage was sustained among the shipping. Throughout New Zealand slight shocks of earthquake were felt both before, during, and after the agitation of the sea; at Lyttelton the wave was preceded by a sound resembling that of rushing wind, and at the Chathams by a noise similar to that of the discharge of a piece of heavy ordnance. The opinion of those best able to judge is that some serious submarine disturbance has occurred to the N.E. of New Zealand, and that its seat was probably at some considerable distance from these islands."]


1868 Aug 15 / Australian coastnot at Melbourne but at Sydney and Adelaide. Wave 4 feet high met streamers and turned them around. / Wellington Independent 29-5-1. [III; 1499. "Latest Telegrams." Wellington Independent, (New Zealand), August 29, 1868, p. 5 c. 2-3.]


1868 Aug 15 / Samoa / tidal wave / 2:30 a.m. and for 2 hours / Only upon the northern side. / Melb. Age, Oct. 17. [III; 1500. (Melbourne Age, October 17, 1868; not found here.)]


1868 Aug 15  Immense wave strikes New Zealand . Wellington Independent 20-5-1. At Chatham Islands, 35 feet high and did great damage and violent sea for 48 hours. / Sept 5-5-3. [III; 1501. "The Earthquake Wave at Lyttelton." Wellington Independent, (New Zealand), August 20, 1868, p. 5 c.1-2. "Tidal Wave." Wellington Independent, (New Zealand), September 5, 1868, p. 5 c. 3.]


1868 Aug 15 / Off San Pedro, southern California, a series of waves flowed in, "elevating the tide 63 or 64 feet above the ordinary high-water mark." "The phe is attributed to sub-marine disturbance. / N.Y. Trib, 21-1-4. [III; 1502. "Earthquake under the Pacific Ocean." New York Tribune, August 21, 1868, p. 1 c. 4.]


1868 Aug 15 / Rumor / Ac to the Wellington Independent, for a week it had been rumored around Wellington that on 15th going to be a big wave and shocks. In every public house the common expression in a half-incredulous manner was, 'We're [all] going to be swamped Saturday." At 8:30 a.m. the waters did rise, and there was excitement in town. I get from Taranaki Herald of 29th, copying the Independent. / There were shocks at 9:55 a.m. [III; 1503.1, 1503.2. "Late Tidal Phenomena and Earthquake Shocks." Taranaki Herald, August 29, 1868, p. 3 c. 6.]


1868 Aug 15 / Ext tidal effects first observed at Newcastle, 6 a.m. / Syd. M. Herald 18-5-5. [III; 1504. "Newcastle." " Sydney Morning Herald, August 17, 1868, p. 5 c. 3. "The Tidal Disturbance at Newcastle." Sydney Morning Herald, August 18, 1868, p. 5 c. 5.]


1868 Aug 15 / Chatham Islands / settlements destroyed by 3 waves / Sydney Morn. Herald, Sept 11-5-2. [III; 1505. "The Tidal Wave at the Chatham Islands." Sydney Morning Herald, September 11, 1868, p. 5 c. 2.]


1868 Aug 15 / At Upoli (Samoa), wave at 2 a.m. / Syd. Morn. Herald, Oct 19-3-1. [III; 1506. Mills, W. "Earthquake Wave." Sydney Morning Herald, October 19, 1868, p. 2 c. 6, and, p. 3 c. 1.]


1868 Aug 16  / q at Quito at 1:20 a.m. / B and R. P. M., Oct 7. [III; 1507. (Brazil and River Plate Mail, Oct 7, 1868.)]


1868 Aug 16 / Lylletton, N.Z. / The wave at 4 a.m. / An hour before it came, sound was heard and shocks felt but said that at this time water noticed going out of the harbor. / Oamaru Times, Aug 28, 3-4. [III; 1508. "The Earthquake Waves." North Otago Times, August 28, 1868, p. 3 c. 3-4. "Mr Mitchell, of Gollans Bay, states that at half-past 3 a.m. he heard an unusual noise, and at the same time the house was shaken as if by an earthquake. The watch on board the barque A. H. Badger, state they heard, an hour previous to the wave coming in, three distinct noises like rushing wind. From the officer on board the Coleroon, we learn that at 3 o'clock the water commenced rushing out of tho harbor, at the rate of 12 knots an hour, and left the vessel on the mud bottom; at 4 a m. the vessel gave a tremendous lurch, and commenced going round like a top, just as if she was in a whirlpool, and it continued until 8 o'clock."]


1868 Aug 16 / 11 a.m. / Shock / Christchurch, New Zealand / Trans. Australasian Assoc Ad Sci, 1891. [III; 1509. Hogben, George. "The Earthquakes of New Zealand." Report of the Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science, 3 (1891): 37-57, at 49.]


1868 Aug 16 / BO / At Oamaru, bet 12 and 1 a.m., a rumbling sound. / 17th, 1:30 a.m. a shock. Oamaru Times 18-2-3. [III; 1510. "The Tidal Wave at Oamaru." North Otago Times, August 18, 1868, p. 2 c. 3.]


1868 Aug 16 / 1:20 a.m. / Great q. / Ecuador / N.Y./ Trib, Sept 14. [III; 1511. "Earthquake in South America." New York Tribune, September 14, 1868, p. 1 c. 1-4.]


1868 Aug 17 / List of q's / Peru and Chile / BA '11/46. [III; 1512. Turner, H.H., et al. "Seismological Investigations." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1911, 30-67, at 45-46.]


1868 Aug 17 / Several shocks at Gibraltor and the current of the tide turned. / Melbourne Leader, Nov. 7. [III; 1513. (Melbourne Leader, November 7, 1868; 1868 not at Trove.)]


1868 Aug 17 / ab. 10 a.m. / Shock / New Zealand / had been minor shocks from 10:45 a.m. of 14th. Wellington Independent, Aug 29-5-4. [III; 1514. "Dr. Hector on the Recent Earthquakes and Tidal Phenomena." Wellington Independent, August 29, 1868, p. 5 c. 4-5.]


1868 Aug 17 / ab 9 p.m. / Between Ballengo and Ivrea, Italy. Something with the effects of a whirlwind. It was an immense dark cone, with a luminous base. From its upper part, smoke issued. Ab. 10 metres wide and 3 metres from the ground. / San Francisco Ev. Bulletin, Dec. 19. [III; 1515.1, 1515.2. (San Francisco Evening Bulletin, December 19, 1868.)]


1868 Aug 17 / BO / 10 a.m. / Christchurch (NZ) Press, 18th / sharp shocks in N. Zealand. [III; 1516. "Earthquake." Christchurch Press, August 18, 1868, p. 3 c. 1.]


1817 Aug 17 / BO / Ac. to Brisbane Courier, Aug 25 (I take from Oamaru Times, Sept 18) at 12:30 a.m., off Crowdy Head, a meteor burst near the schooner Urania, with report like discharge of a cannon, killing a member of the crew, scattering soot. [III; 1517. "Provincial and General." North Otago Times, September 18, 1868, p. 2 c. 6. "Meteors." Brisbane Courier, August 25, 1868, p. 3 c. 1. "Several of the vessels just arrived from the southward report that there was a great deal of electrical atmospheric disturbance on Monday and Tuesday nights, but whether it was the effect, or was simply coincident with the eclipse, our informants could not say. In one case it was attended with fatal results, and a man was killed on board the schooner Urania, by the explosion of an electric meteor. The vessel was off Crowdy Head on Monday, August 17, about midnight, when a heavy south-westerly squall came on, and all hands were called to shorten sail; a seaman named H. G. Sales was steering, and at 12.30 a.m. on Tuesday, the 18th, a meteor, like a ball of fire, fell immediately over the vessel's stern,

and exploded with a loud report resembling that of a heavy piece of ordnance. Sparks of fire were scattered all about the deck, and the steersman was killed by the shock. Every one on board felt a violent shock like that of a galvanic battery, but none of the crew were injured except Sales, who was at his last gasp picked up. His body showed no marks, but appeared to be blackened, and some six or seven hours after decomposition set in, and the poor fellow was buried over the side. He was a young man, about three-and-twenty, and a smart seaman. The fire-ball apparently travelled with the wind, which was from the south-west, and when it burst the flash was so intensely brilliant that the steward, who was lying in his berth below, declared that he saw the fire through the seams of the deck. The cabin at the same moment was filled with smoke, which blackened papers lying about. Captain Johnstone informs us that the discoloration of the paint was like that produced by " smoking the ship" with charcoal. A peculiar and indescribable smell was perceived for some time after the explosion, and a quantity of flakes like the soot from a steamer's funnel were scattered about."]


1868 Aug 18 / Eclipse / See R.G., vol 2. [III; 1518. Readers' Guide to Periodical Literature.

Nothing found here for this eclipse.]


1868 Aug 18 / By M. de Créty, during eclipse, at Adenafter totality, 3 triangular protuberances from the limb of the moonlooked to him like gaseous discharges or from a chain of active volcanoes. / C.R. 67/1146. [III; 1519. Montucci, H. "Remarque sur un phénmène signalé pendant l'éclipse solaire du 18 août 1868." Comptes Rendus, 67 (1868): 1146-1147. Tho probably an optical illusion, these protuberances suggested that a chain of volcanoes were erupting on the far side of the Moon.]


1868 Aug 19 / Port Blair, India / high wave / Nouvelles Météorologiques 2-100. [III; 1520. (Nouvelles Météorologiques, 2-100.)]


1868 Aug 19 / The Reflection in the sky on 13th and 19th at Arica and Arequipa / Times, Oct 21. [III; 1456. "The Earthquake in Peru." London Times, October 21, 1868., p. 4 c. 3-5.]


[1868 Aug] / BO / Zoologist, Aug, 1868, notes "a good many" paroquets feeding with the sparrows in Russell Square, London. [III; 1457. Newman, Edward. "Wild Parrots in London." Zoologist, s. 2 v. 3 (1868): 1320. The species was identified as the Melopsittacus undulatus, (the common budgerigar, or parakeet).]


1868 Aug 20 / Severe q in morning at Mooltan, India / Delhi Gazette of 25th. [III; 1521. (Delhi Gazette, August 25, 1868; on microfilm.)]


1868 Aug 22 / Drought / rain / Birm Gazette / "The most terrible drought ever known in the Midland Counties in the memory of man" followed by "enormous falls of rain". [III; 1522. "Enormous Falls of Rain." Birmingham Daily Gazette, August 21, 1868, p. 3 c. 1.]


1868 Aug 24 / night / Severe q / Peru / N.Y. Trib, Sept. 14. [III; 1523. "Earthquake in South America." New York Tribune, September 14, 1868, p. 1 c. 1-4.]


1868 Aug 26 / q / severe shocks / at Quito / B and R. P. M., Oct. 7. [III; 1524. (Brazil and River Plate Mail, October 7, 1868.)]


1868 Aug 27 / Sharp shock / Guatemala / Brazil and River Plate Mail, Oct. 22. [III; 1525. (Brazil and River Plate Mail, October 22, 1868.)]


1868 Aug 27 / Severe snow storm lasting several hours at Braemar / Field, Sept 5, p. 195. [III; 1526. "Snow in August." Field, September 5, 1868, p. 195.]


1868 Aug 27 / South polar seas, extraordinary number of icebergs. A sea capt thought a great quake near pole had detached them and sent adrift. / C.R. 74-1128. [III; 1527. Des Essards, E.-B. "Secousses en mer; tremblement de terre du mois d'août 1868." Comptes Rendus, 74 (1872): 1126-1129.]


1868 Aug 29 / 2 severe shocks / Guayaquil / B and R. P. M., Oct. 22. [III; 1528. (Brazil and River Plate Mail, October 22, 1868.)]


1868 Aug 30 / BO / Remarkable halo around moon at Oamaru, N.Z. / O. Times, Sept 1-2-5. [III; 1529. "General Summary." North Otago Times, September 1, 1868, p. 2 c. 2-6.]


1868 Sept, 1st week / Swarms of b. fly. / Danais archippus / Champaign, Ill. / Canadian Entomologist, 12-120. [III; 1530. "Correspondence." Canadian Entomologist, 12 (June 1880): 119-120.]


1868 Sept 4 / at 8:35 Berne time, of 8:15 Paris / Met / See Sept 15 at same time. / L'An. Sci 13/49. [III; 1531. "Les bolides en 1868." Année Scientifique et Industrielle, 13 (1868): 45-54, at 49.]


1868 Sept 4 / New star? / See Aug. 13. [III; 1532. See: 1868 Aug, Sept, (III; 1477).]


1868 Sept. 4 / 8:35 p.m. / Switzerland / meteor / C.R. 67-547. [III; 1533. Duchartre. "Sur un bolide observé à Brienz (Suisse) dans la soirée du 4 septembre." Comptes Rendus, 67 (1868): 547.]


1868 Sept 4 / Star after volc / see ab. Aug 15, 1886. [III; 1534. See: 1886 Aug 15, ab., (VI; 600).]


1868 Sept 4 / (+) / Chili / TribOct 7-1-3x / At Callao, Peru, at 12:30 (not say p.m. or not), a shock equal to that of Aug. 13. ["...]A brilliant star, of large magnitude was seen in the direction of the W.S.W., which remained visible for many minutes. Some persons declared they saw a tail to it [as of a comet], and others saw sparks of fire dart from it." [III; 1535.1, 1535.2. "Peru." New York Tribune, October 7, 1868, p. 1 c. 3-4.]


1868 Sept / Met in many places / France and Italy / C.R., 69-326. [III; 1536. Tissot, A. "Sur le premier bolide du 5 septembre 1868." Comptes Rendus, 69 (1869): 326-329.]


1868 Sept 5 / 8 p.m. / Bolide / Clermont-Ferrand / C.R. 67-618. [III; 1537. Lecoq. "Observation d'un bolide, faite à Clermont-Ferrand, le 5 septembre 1868." Comptes Rendus, 67 (1868): 618-619.]


[1868 Sept 5 /] 1868 Sept 15 / Ascend met / Servia and France / B Assoc 1869/272. [III; 1554. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1868-69." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1869, 216-308, at 272-273. "This is, we believe, the first time that the path of a fireball has been ascertained from reliable mathematical data." See: 1868 Sept 5, (III; 1542).]


1868 Sept. 5 / 4 a.m. / Severe shock / New Zealand / Wellington Independent 12-5-6. This was at Taranaki. [III; 1538. "Earthquake." Wellington Independent, (New Zealand), September 12, 1868, p. 5 c. 6.]


1868 Sept 5 / (B) / Fr / (Read) / Clermont-Ferrand / bolide / C.R. 67/618. [III; 1539. Lecoq. "Observation d'un bolide, faite à Clermont-Ferrand, le 5 septembre 1868." Comptes Rendus, 67 (1868): 618-619.]


1868 Sept 5 / (Stat) / 8 p.m. / Clermont, France / large slow met / 12 seconds "from due E. to W." / BA 69-226. [III; 1540. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1868-69." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1869, 216-308, at 226-227.]


1868 Sept 5 / (met from) / (no parallax) / Met reported from France, Switzerland, Italyall descriptions as if coming from Jupiter. / Rept 1879-78. [III; 1541. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, George Forbes, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke, Walter Flight. "Report of Observations of Luminous Meteors during the year 1878-79." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1879, 76-131, at 77-78.]


1868 Sept 5 / to Berne / 8.5 m, G.M.T. / from Zurich Observatory / came from close to Jupiter / at Trémont, (Saone et Loire), France, origin so close to Jupiter that was seen to appear in same field with Jupiter in a telescope / Ac to Zeziloli, at Bergamo, Italy, its origin was 5 or 6 degrees to the left of Jupiter. / Rept B. Ass. 1879-77. [III; 1542.1, 1542.2. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, George Forbes, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke, Walter Flight. "Report of Observations of Luminous Meteors during the year 1878-79." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1879, 76-131, at 77-78. "The fact that several views of the meteor's first visibility in France, Switzerland, and Italy all describe it as having first made its appearance very close to the planet Jupiter, plainly indicates a very long course of the meteor's flight before it approached the region of the Alps." "Professor von Nissel confines himself to presenting the much more startling results obtained directly from exact comparisons of the most precise descriptions; and by clearly deducing the radiant-point, and fully establishing the meteor's great height, he, in the main, confirms M. Tissot's track, while yet showing that it was almost exactly horizontal at Tours, where the meteor disappeared, instead of at its first origin at Belgrade, as M. Tissot had supposed." The most precise descriptions include more assumptions: "This star [B.F. Smith's "exactly at β Ursa Majoris"] is supposed by Professor von Nissel to have perhaps been accidentally mistaken for the upper one, α of the two 'pointers' in Ursa Major." If Smith was assumed to have mistaken alpha Ursae Majoris, (Dubhe), on the upper tip of the Big Dipper, for beta Ursae Majoris, (Merak), at the base of the Big Dipper, (more than 5 degrees of declination away), this would have an effect on any calculation of the meteor's path. "Ueber das Meteor vom 5. September 1868."  Wochenschrift für Astronomie, Meteorologie und Geographie, n.s. v. 12 (1869): 153-156. Niessl von Mayendorf, Gustav. "Ueber die Bahn des Meteores vom 5. September 1868." Verhandlungen des Naturforschenden Vereins in Brünn, 17 (1878-1879): 305-320. "...auf dem Pic de Sancy mag vielleicht der etwas höher stehende Stern α mit β des grossen Bären verwechselt worden sein," (page 311). Smith's data was included in the table on page 311; it disappears from the calculations of the "radiations-punktes," (radiant point), on page 313; and, its disappearance was explained, on page 318: "Solche grosse Differenzen—bei derartigen Erscheinungen ziemlich gewöhnlich—würden nur geringe Aussicht gewähren, einen annehm-baren Werth für die Geschwindigkeit zu finden, wenn nicht die Angabe eines so zuverlässigen und geübten Beobachters wie Zezioli in Bergamo war, vorliegen würde. Man könnte diese fast allein verwerthen, denn sie verdient gewiss mehr Gewicht als alle anderen zusammen." Von Nissel was satisfied to dismiss any other observations other than Giuseppe Zezioli's, although his calculations included the observations by Heinrich Fluck, (at Zurich), and Pfarrer Vetter ,(at Hengart), which were in close agreement, (except for their durations of 120 and 30 seconds respectively), and excluded Smith's observation, (for crossing 45° in 4 to 5 seconds). "Ueber das Meteor vom 5. September 1868."  Wochenschrift für Astronomie, Meteorologie und Geographie, n.s. v. 12 (1869): 153-156. Neither Smith's nor Zezioli's observations are mentioned in this detailed review of the meteor. Smith, B.F. "To the Editor of the Times." London Times, September 8, 1868, p. 7 c. 5.]


1868 Sept 5 / See Feb 29, Sept 7. / 8:30 p.m. / Mets / Piedmont / BA 69-226. [III; 1543. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1868-69." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1869, 216-308, at 226-227. See: 1868 Feb 29, (III: 1289, 1982, 1300 & 1301), and, 1868 Sept 7, (III: 1546 & 1547).]


1868 Sept 5 / 1:04 p.m. / Pitlochrie, Perthshire, by G. Forbes / saw a body cross sun / Rept. B.A. 1869-278. Its appar[ent] diameter was greater than the mean diameter of Saturncrossing sun in about 1½ secondstoo slow for a meteor and if far planetary size. "I have here taken for granted that it was a meteor, which some may question. Its motion was perfectly steady, quite unlike a bird crossing the field of view, which I have often seen. Another person was watching the spot with me at the time, so that there is corroborative evidence. I was enabled to take the time, position, shape, direction of flight, apparent size of the meteor (as a fraction of the sun's diameter), all except the duration, with great exactness. I may mention about the spot, that it was quite in focus for very distinct vision." [III; 1544.1, 1544.2. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1868-69." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1869, 216-308, at 278-279.]


1868 Sept. 6 / near Faversham / Cor, Standard, Sept 9, saw object like a balloon but assuming different shapes, yet having seeming cohesion of its particles. Finally it made a downward plunge and was seen no more. / 10th, someone says simply a flock of starlings. [III; 1545. Garraway, Edward. "Curious Phenomenon." London Evening Standard, September 9, 1868, p. 2 c. 3. "Curious Phenomenon." London Evening Standard, September 10, 1868, p. 3 c. 6.]


1868 Sept 7 / Met at Sanguis (Basses-Pyrenees) / (F) / the material "identical with one at Casale (Piedmont) Feb 29, 1868 / La Sci Pour Tous 13/397. [III; 1546. Fletcher, 103. Daubrée, Gabriel-Auguste. "Sur une chute du météorite qui a eu lieu dans la nuit du 7 au 8 septembre, à Sanguis, arrondissement de Mauléon, département des Basse-Pyrénées." La Science Pour Tous, 13 (no. 50; November 14, 1868): 397. This is the Sauguis meteorite. See: 1868 Feb 29, (III; 1301).]


1868 Sept 7 / 2:30 a.m. / Metite of Sauguis—Saint-Etienne. / C.R. 67-873. So like Feb 29, 1868, that to the eye there was no difference. / Also like Aug 5, 1856, and Oct 1, 1857. [III; 1547. Daubrée, Gabriel-Auguste. "Note sur une chute du météorite qui a eu lieu dans le 7 Septembre 1868 à Sanguis-Saint-Étienne, canton de Tardets, arrondissement de Mauléon (Basse-Pyrénées)." Comptes Rendus, 67 (1868): 873-877. See: 1855 Aug 5, (II: 1864 to 1866); 1856 Aug 5 (II; 1960); and, 1857 Oct 1, (II; 2088-2089).]


1868 Sept 7-8 / night / Ac to Daubrée, this stone so like one of Feb. 29 that impossible by the eye to distinguish one from another. / Les Mondes, vol. 18. [III; 1548. "M. Daubrée lit une note sur une chute de météorite...." Les Mondes, 18 (1868): 406-407, at 407.]


1868 Sept 8 / 2:30 a.m. / Metite /Sauguis (Basse-Pyrénées) / Details / La Sci Pour Tous / 13-397. [III; 1549. Daubrée, Gabriel-Auguste. "Sur une chute du météorite qui a eu lieu dans la nuit du 7 au 8 septembre, à Sanguis, arrondissement de Mauléon, département des Basse-Pyrénées." La Science Pour Tous, 13 (no. 50; November 14, 1868): 397.]


1868 Sept 10 / Ship 1° 08' [40"] N / 29° 55' [30"] W / violent shock / C.R. 74-1126. [III; 1550. Des Essards, E.-B. "Secousses en mer; tremblement de terre du mois d'août 1868." Comptes Rendus, 74 (1872): 1126-1129, at 1126-1127.]


1868 Sept 11-12 / Inyo Co., Cal / 300 shocks q's "The sky was very full of smoke / Holden—Catalog E-q's on Pac. Coast. [III; 1551. Holden, Edward Singleton. "A Catalogue of Earthquakes on the Pacific Coast 1769 to 1897." Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, v. 37 art. 5 (1898): 1-253, at 75.]


1868 Sept 11 / (det) / 11:50 p.m. / Germany / det met / Zeit Met 3/506, 7. [III; 1552. "Kleinere Mittheilungen." Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, 3 (1868): 505-507, at 506-507.]


1868 Sept 13 / NY Times, 4-2 / 16-5-3 / 19-1-7 / Q / great / S. Amer. [III; 1553."The Awful Earthquake in South America." New York Times, September 13, 1868, p. 4 c. 2. "South America." New York Times, September 16, 1868, p. 5 c. 1. "Earthquakes." New York Times, September 19, 1868, p. 1.c. 7.]


[1868 Sept 15. Wrong date. See: 1868 Sept 5, (III; 1554).]


1868 Sept 16 / (BO) / Christchurch Press, that from several places in New Zealand been reported "a singular appearance in the heavens. It was like the tail of a comet or the train of a great meteor. Some persons though it the reflection of a great fire, but it was in band of light. [III; 1555.1, 1555.2. "Singular Luminous Appearance." Christchurch Press, September 29, 1868, p. 2 c. 4. "From eight o'clock to half-past ten on Wednesday evening..." North Otago Times, September 18, 1868, p. 2 c. 3. "From eight o'clock to half-past ten on Wednesday evening a singular luminous appearance was observed in the heavens. It consisted of a broad vertical band or stripe of white light, of about 20 feet apparent diameter, reaching from the zenith to the horizon in a direction from E. to W. by S. It was occasionally of great brilliance, and occasionally almost faded out. It was very beautiful about 10.30, at which hour there were also visible two luminous irregular-shaped patches almost equidistant on either side of the band of light. The phenomenon was watched with great interest by groups of spectators, and we should like to hear of its being accounted for. The sky was blue and spangled with stars, not a cloud being visible, aud the appearance of the band of light was much like that of the tail of a comet or the track of an aerolite, looking like a luminous mist, the stars being visible through it. There are those who think it the Aurora Australis, though we have ourselves never seen the Aurora take that form; and one strong point against that hypothesis is the fact that the light was strongest at the zenith, and gradually diminished to the horizon."]


1868 Sept 17 / 6:31 p.m. / q. / Java. [III; 1556. A class II earthquake. Milne, 720.]


1868 Sept 19 / (q and sound) / Alpine, Cal / Smithson Miscel Cols, appendix to 37p. 75 / At 9 a.m., 2 heavy shocks. / The air became so dark that mountains ½ miles away could not be seen. / At 5 p.m.2 other shocks. [III; 1557. Holden, Edward Singleton. "A Catalogue of Earthquakes on the Pacific Coast 1769 to 1897." Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, v. 37 art. 5 (1898): 1-253, at 75.]


[1868 Sept 19 /] 1867 Sept [19] / Upon 19th, at Alpine, Cal2 heavy shocks"the air became dark, and mountains-mile distant could not be seen. / (Klamath) / p. 75 / says in Inyo Co., Sept 11-12, 1868, "three hundred shocks, sky was very full of smoke. [III; 1141. Holden, Edward Singleton. "A Catalogue of Earthquakes on the Pacific Coast 1769 to 1897." Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, v. 37 art. 5 (1898): 1-253, at 75. Talman, Charles Fitzhugh. "Dark Days and Forest Fires." Scientific American, n.s., 112 (March 6, 1915): 229. Talman reports forest fires in western Oregon and Washington from September 15 to October 20, 1868.]


1868 Sep. 24 / 9:45 a.m. / Shock / Malta / L.T., Oct 3-9-e. [III; 1558. "Earthquake in Malta." London Times, October 3, 1868, p. 9 c. 5.]


1868 Sept 25 / Violent q / San Salvador / Nouvelles Météorologiques 2-72. [III; 1559. (Nouvelles Météorologiques, 2-72.)]


1868 Sept 27 / 9 a.m. / Darkness and shock at Tuddenham / L.T., Oct. 1-7-f. LTOct 9-9-a / also at Thriplow, 9 miles from Cambridge. [III; 1560. "Extraordinary Whirlwind." London Times, October 1, 1868, p. 7 c. 6. There was no shock mentioned during the whirlwind at Tuddenham. Athawes, John T. "To the Editor of the Times." London Times, October 9, 1868, p. 9 c. 1.]


1868 Sept 27 / Germany / det met / Zeit Met 3/507, 592. [III; 1561. "Kleinere Mittheilungen." Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, 3 (1868): 505-507, at 507. "Berichtigung." Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, 3 (1868): 592.]


1868 Sept 29 / [L.T.], 10-b / Spon. Comb? [A; 532. "Supposed Burning and Mutilation of a Child." London Times, September 29, 1868, p. 10 c. 2. Nothing indicates a spontaneous combustion of the burnt remains of an unknown child's mutilated body.]


1868 Sept 30 / Waterspout at Brighton / L.T., Oct 3-5-b / Water appeared to rise. Said that soon afterward rain fellno mention salt water falling. [III; 1562. "Waterspout at Sea." London Times, October 3, 1868, p. 5 c. 2.]


1868 Oct 1 / [L.T. of], 7-f / 9-9-a / Whirlwinds. [III; 1563. "Extraordinary Whirlwind." London Times, October 1, 1868, p. 7 c. 6. Athawes, John T. "To the Editor of the Times." London Times, October 9, 1868, p. 9 c. 1.]


1868 Oct. 1 / Siderolite / Lodran, Punjab, India / (F). [III; 1564. Fletcher, 94. This is the Lodran meteorite.]


1868 ab Oct 1 / Strange disap in Brixham / Mrs. Hocking / Morning Oct 6, busied self ab. house. Sent young son out for milk. Not seen again. [A; 533. "A Speke mystery in humble life...." Western Daily Press, (Bristol), October 6, 1868, p. 2 c. 7. Miss Hocking, 54 years-old with grown children, prepared breakfast, on September 29, and sent her youngest son to fetch some milk. She disappeared, and had taken a change of dress. "The Speke mystery in humble life reported from Brixham has been solved...." Leeds Mercury, October 7, 1868, p. 4 c. 7. "...the vicar of the parish, the Rev. A. F. Carey, having received a letter from a surgeon at Bridgewater stating that a poor woman has been found lying insensible by the roadside and taken into the Bridgewater Union, who on coming to her senses stated herself to be the wife of Henry Hocking, of Burton-street, Higher Brixham. She cannot give any reason for her straying away, nor can she account for her presence at Bridgewater; and the only explanation, therefore, is that she wandered off in a temporary fit of mental abstraction."]


1868 Oct 7 / met color / Wimbledon, 11:50 p.m. / red metcolor of its light bluish / L.T., Oct 9 / In Cornwall, night of 8th, a red ball turned blue. / LT, Oct 13. [III; 1565. Lawrence, P.H. "To the Editor of the Times." London Times, October 9, 1868, p. 9 c. 4. "Brilliant Meteor." London Times, October 13, 1868, p. 7 c. 6.]


1868 Oct 7 / 11:59 p.m. / Fr / Paris / See Oct 1. / M. / Paris / det met / BA 69/232, pages / great met, 11:53, in Eng. (same) / (Cosmos 3/3/421, 510) / Observation 1908 by Herschel / CR 67-771 / (Astro Reg 6-243). [III; 1566. (BA 69-232.) "(Bolide du 7 au 8 octobre.)" Cosmos, s. 3 v. 3 (October 27, 1868): 421-422. "Encore le bolide du 9 octobre." Cosmos, s. 3 v. 3 (November 7, 1868): 510-511. Tremeschini. "Sur le bolide tombé dans la nuit du 7 au 8 octobre 1868." Comptes Rendus, 67 (1868): 771. "An Exceedingly Brilliant Meteor...." Astronomical Register, 6 (November 1868): 243.]


1868 Oct 7 / 537 / 17 / 554 / 26 / 588 / 27 / 607 / Meteors / vol 3 / Ref, Jan 1, 1866. [III; 1567.  "Kleinere Mittheilungen." Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, 3 (1868): 534-539, at 537-538. "Kleinere Mittheilungen." Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, 3 (1868): 549-559, at 554-555. "Kleinere Mittheilungen." Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, 3 (1868): 575-588, at 588. "Kleinere Mittheilungen." Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, 3 (1868): 575-608, at 607.]


1868 Oct 7 / 10:15 p.m. / Lozére, France / met "as bright as full moon / BA '69-230. [III; 1568. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1868-69." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1869, 216-308, at 230-231. "Bolide du 7 octobre." Les Mondes, 18 (1868): 332.]


1868 Oct 7 / Large met / England / listed diff places / from ab 11:30 to 11:55 p.m. / BA 69-232. [III; 1569. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1868-69." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1869, 216-308, at 232-233.]


1868 (Oct. 7) ab midnight / Angers, France / Large met / BA 69-232 / other places and in Belgium / At Paris, a violent explosion was heard. [III; 1570. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1868-69." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1869, 216-308, at 232-235.]


1868 Oct 7-8 / night / Cosmos 3/3/421, 510. / At the time stars were scintillatingnotably the planet Venus. [III; 1571. "(Bolide du 7 au 8 octobre.)" Cosmos, s. 3 v. 3 (October 27, 1868): 421-422, at 422. "Encore le bolide du 9 octobre." Cosmos, s. 3 v. 3 (November 7, 1868): 510-511. No mention of Venus nor of the stars is made in the second article.]


1868 Oct 8 / Phe in Glasgow? / Med and Dayb. 1894-745. [A; 534. (Medium and Daybreak, 1894-745; not at IAPSOP.)]


1868 Oct 8-9 / q and phe at sea / midnight / Capt Christie of the barque EuphrosyneLong 165; Lat 4 W. Sky suddenly overcast. Dense black clouds and sounds as if of distant cannonadingcommotion in the sea. The ship trembled with seeming submarine volcanic activity. "Several large meteors shot out from the heavens." Melbourne Argus, Ap. 16, 1869Supplement. [III; 1572.1, 1572.2. (Melbourne Argus, April 16, 1869; not found here.) "Submarine Earthquakes." London Times, December 9, 1868, p. 5 c. 4. The ship's position on October 9, according to this article, was "lat. 26 36 S, long. 52 32 E."; and, the phenomena were observed on the night of November 8-9. See: 1868 Nov 8-9, (III; 1616).]


1868 Oct 9 / Vesuvius active / eruption expected / L.T. 10-9-b /14thincreasing / 15-5-a / See Nov. 15. [III; 1573. "Mount Vesuvius." London Times, October 10, 1868, p. 9 c. 2-3. "Mount Vesuvius." London Times, October 15, 1868, p. 5 c. 1. See: 1868 Nov. 15, (III; 1643).]


1868 Oct. 10 / BO / 10:17 p.m. / At Dunedin, N.Z., remarkable meteor from a point in Pisces / Oamaru Times, Oct 16-2-2. [III; 1574. "The 'Daily Times' of the 12th...." North Otago Times, October 16, 1868, p. 2 c. 2.]


1868 Oct 13 / 6 a.m. / Shock, Kalapoi, New Zealand / (Christchurch) The Press, 15th). [III; 1575. "Earthquake." Christchurch Press, October 15, 1868, p. 2 c. 4.]


1868 Oct 13 / 1:20 a.m. / In ChiliCopiapo and Coquimbo and Serena. Ac to many persons a "large globe of fire of a very luminous nature, which soon dissolved itself into a sheet of yellow flame." This like description of a meteor and its train. Said that Aug 13, object like this was seen at Arica. Said that clouds in the east turned as red as if by sunrise. / Trib., Nov 16-1-6 / Trib said that on 17th, word of a volcano about 80 leagues from Copiapo. [III; 1576.1, 1576.2, 1576.3. "Chili." New York Tribune, November 16, 1868, p. 1. c. 6. "Many persons declare to having seen, at the moment when the earthquake was at its hight [sic], a large globe of fire of a very luminuous nature, and apparently not far above the hights of the mountain Chanchoquin, which soon dissolved itself into a sheet of yellow flame to the South. A similar phenomenon occurred at Arica on the night of the 13th of August last. Also, others state that shortly after the earthquake the clouds which encircled the atmosphere to the east became perfectly red, having all the appearance and similar to the effects produced by the rising sun." The Llullaliaco volcano.]


1868 Oct 13 / At Tacnasky to the northeast, in the direction of volcano Saajama / red light at horizon. It lasted several hours. Sky overcast. / Cosmos 3/3/628. [III; 1577. "Treblement de terr du 13 août 1868, au Pérou." Cosmos, s. 3 v. 3 (December 5, 1868): 627-628.]


1868 Oct 13 / qChili / as severe as Aug 13 / Trib, Nov. 16-1-6. [III; 1578. "Chili." New York Tribune, November 16, 1868, p. 1. c. 6.]


[1813 Oct. 13. Wrong date. See: 1868 Oct 19, (III; 1579).]


1868 Oct 17 / 9 p.m. / Met Germany / Zeit Met 3/554. [III; 1580. "Kleinere Mittheilungen." Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, 3 (1868): 549-559, at 554-555.]


[1868 Oct 18. Wrong date. See: 1867 Oct 18, (A; 535).]


1868 Oct. 18 / q's listed at same places as 26th in BA 11 / (?) [III; 1581. A class I earthquake. Milne,720.]


1868 Oct 18-19 / The meteors in the evening. The shock at 12:10 a.m. of 19th. / star / Taranaki Herald of 24th. Then minor shocks till 22nd. [III; 1582. "The Earthquake." Taranaki Herald, October 24, 1868, p. 3 c. 1-2. Thus article reports minor shocks up to October 21.]


[1868 Oct. 19 /] 1868 Oct. 13 / Shock in Wellington, N.Z. / Taranaki Herald, Nov. 7. [III; 1579. "The Earthquake." Taranaki Herald, October 24, 1868, p. 3 c. 1-2.]


1868 Oct 19 / At Taranacki, N.Z.before the q"The meteors darted across the heavens in all directions, and the atmosphere had a livid appearance, resembling the dawn of day." / Wellington Independent, 29-3-6. [III; 1583. "Severe Earthquake in Taranaki." Wellington Independent, October 29, 1868, p. 3 c. 6. "The Earthquake." Taranaki Herald, October 24, 1868, p. 3 c. 1-2.]


1868 Oct 19 / 12:10 a.m. / Ac to Taranaki Herald, cor from Pakawau describing the q. writes, "The number of falling stars was very great, as there were at least thirty-six [in the hour] between one and two a.m. One of which, falling to the eastward, was of peculiar brilliancy." The shocks were from 12:10 a.m. at short intervals until 4 a.m., then longer intervals. [III; 1584.1, 1584.2. "The Late Storm and Earthquake on the West Coast." Taranaki Herald, November 7, 1868, p. 4 c. 2-3.]


1868 Oct 19 / q. / Mexico / Oaxaca, etc. / BA '11. [III; 1585. A class II earthquake. Milne, 720.]


1868 Oct 19 / (Beam) = Sun / ab 10 p.m. / Hexham / a met train 10 minutes / L.T., Oct 22-9-d / Times, Oct 26-11-freport from Stonyhurstwas a nebulous arc in a great cricle passing through position of sun and moon. / In Dublinbrilliant. [III; 1586. Head, J. Oswald. "A Meteor." London Times, October 22, 1868, p. 9 c. 4. "A Meteor." London Times, October 26, 1868, p. 11 c. 6.]


1868 Oct 20 / q / Taranaki / Oct 22, 1855 / (?) [III; 1587. See: 1855 Oct. 22, (II; 1881).]


1868 Oct 20 / q, Peru / and mets, N. Zealand / See May, 1877. [III; 1588. See: 1877 May 11, (IV; 2094); 1877 May 14, (IV; 2101); 1877 May 16, (IV 2106); and, 1877 May 17, (IV; 2110).]


1868 Oct 20 / At Newton and near Mallow, Ireland, shock and sound like thunder. Taranaki (N.Z.) Herald, Jan 9, 1869. [III; 1589. "An Earthquake in Ireland." Taranaki Herald, January 9, 1869, p. 4 c. 2.]


1868 Oct 21 / 9:26 p.m. / Oxford / large red met from Lambda Draconis to Alpha Herculis / LT, Oct 23-6-f. [III; 1590."A Meteor." London Times, October 23, 1868, p. 6 c. 6.]


1868 Oct 21 / Destructive q. / San Leandro, Cal / Religio-Phl Jour, Sept 16-2-4, 1882. [III; 1591. "A Convent Ghost." Religio-Philosophical Journal, 33 (no. 3; September 16, 1882): 2, (c. 4-5).]


1868 Oct. 21 / BO / Orionid date / smoke / 5:54 a.m. / Shock / San Francisco and other places in California / (San Fran Ev. Bulletin, 21st) / buildings damaged, several persons killed, other shocks during the day. Oct 22 / Editorial that for several weeks preceding the q there had been a smoky atmosphere along all the coast of California and as far as Puget Sound. There were no forest fires to which it could be attributed. Said it had disappeared after the earthquake. "There was a burnt smell." It was destructive in many other places in Cal. [III; 1592.1, 1592.2, 1592.3. (San Francisco Evening Bulletin, October 21, 1868.)]


1868 Oct 21 / Dry fog and q / q / San Francisco / smoky condition of atmosphere several weeks before / Herald, Oct 24-3-1. See Sept 11-12 and before Alpine. [III; 1593. "The California Earthquake." New York Herald, October 24, 1868, p. 3 c. 1-2. See: 1868 Sept 11-12, (III; 1551).]


1868 Oct 21 / Several pages of this q in Cal in Edward S. Holden's Catalog. [III; 1594. Holden, Edward Singleton. "A Catalogue of Earthquakes on the Pacific Coast 1769 to 1897." Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, v. 37 art. 5 (1898): 1-253, at 76-80.]


1868 Oct 21 / 7:50 a.m. / Severe shock / California / In many places earth opened and water gushed out. But Bay at San Francisco was not disturbed, though vessels felt the shock. / L.T., Nov 4-5-b. [III; 1595. "The United States." London Times, November 4, 1868, p. 5 c. 2-3.]


1868 Oct 22 / N.Y. Times, 4-7 / 24-3-4 / Nov. 6-8-2 / 9-5-3 / q. / San Francisco. [III; 1596. "California." New York Times, October 22, 1868, p. 4 c. 7. "California." New York Times, October 24, 1868, p. 3 c. 4. "The Earthquake." New York Times, November 6, 1868, p. 8 c. 2. "California." New York Times, November 9, 1868, p. 5 c. 3.]


1868 Oct 23 / moon storm / 7 h., 30 m / W.R. Birt, E Mec 31/415surface of Mare Serenita[tis] of appearance such as not remember[ed] having seen in 10 years experience. Darkness of it, and details obscured. [III; 1597. Birt, William Radcliffe. "Telescopic Work for Moon-Light Evenings." English Mechanic, 31 (no. 798; July 9, 1880): 415-416.]


1868 Oct. 24 / [L.T. of], 8-d / Volc / Mexico. [III; 1598. "Volcanic Action in Mexico." London Times, October 24, 1868, p. 8 c. 4. The Iztaccihuatl volcano was not erupting, nor were there any new volcanic eruptions in Mexico, as reported in this article.]


1868 Oct 24 / Mallow, etc, Cork / q followed by loud rumbling noise / LT-Oct 27-7-c / On 23rd, ac to Times of 28th. [III; 1599. "Earthquake in Ireland." London Times, October 27, 1868, p. 7 c. 3. "Ireland." London Times, October 28, 1868, p. 10 c. 3-4.]


1868 Oct 27 / Sky phe and sound at Moitura, Lough Corrib, Ireland, ac to the Freeman's Journal. [III; 1600. Wilde, William Robert. "The Alleged Earthquake near Mallow." Dublin Freeman's Journal, October 27, 1868, p. 3 c. 6. "About nine o'clock on Friday morning I observed the following phenomena. The lake assumed an intense purple colour, flecked after a few minutes with patches of white, as the waves, with scarcely any wind, rose upon its surface, The sky became one dense slate-coloured mass of cloud that traversed from west to east, between which and the water appeared a broad belt of light, through which poured in detached slanting masses columns of heavy rain. Going out of doors to view this state of things more accurately, my attention was immediately attracted by a loud, rumbling, ground noise as if several carriages were rolling down the avenue, which caused me to turn a corner to see who was coming. Not perceiving any animal I remarked upon the circumstance to the bystanders; some said they thought it was thunder, but one old workman remarked, 'if it was thunder it was in underground.' The direction of the noise, which evidently, came from a distance, and grew louder as it passed under my feet, was nearly from north to south, but I was not conscious of any movement in the earth."]


1868 Oct 28 / [LT], 10-c / q near Mallow. [III; 1601. "Ireland." London Times, October 28, 1868, p. 10 c. 3-4.]


1868 Oct 30 / 8.45 pm / Brilliant meteor / Tamworth Australia / Syd Morn Herald Nov 4. [III; 1602. "Brilliant Meteor." Sydney Morning Herald, November 4, 1868, p. 4 c. 6.]


1868 Oct 30 / 10:35 pm q at Carmarthen / Wm. Spurrell Carmarthen p 163 / see Oct 21, 1802 / Dec 30, 1838 / Jan 24, 1841 / Oct 6, 1863 / (+). [III; 1603. Spurrell, William. Carmarthen and Its Neighbourhood: Notes Topographical and Historical. 2nd edition. Carmarthen: William Spurrell, 1879, l163. "Oct. 30. A shock of an earthquake felt at 10.35 p.m. It lasted about five seconds. It was felt at many places in the neighbourhood; at Brechfa, Llandtssul, Kidwelly, and St. Clears." See: 1802 Oct 21, (I; 54); 1841 Jan 24, (II; 243); 1863 Oct 6, (III; 479).]


[1868 Nov. Continuation of Italian Series. Cancani, Adolfo. "Rombi sismici." Bollettino della Società Sismologica Italiana, 7 (1901-1902): 23-47, at 37.]


1868 Nov. 1 / night / Blandford, Dorset / shocks / Land and Water, Nov. 7, p. 256. [III; 1604. (Land and Water, November 7, 1868, p. 256.)]


1868 Nov. 1 / q at Melbourne, Castlemaine, and other places in Victoria / Argus 7-5-4x. Ab. 1 a.m. [III; 1605. "Saturday, November 7, 1868." Melbourne Argus, November 7, 1868, p. 4 c. 6-7 & p. 5 c. 1-6, at p. 5 c. 4.]


1868 Nov. 1 / The q at Castlemaine / vibration and ten minutes later a loud clap of thunder. The Age 3-2-5 / Melburne Age. [III; 1606. "Some residents on Emerald-hill report...." The Age, (Melbourne), November 3, 1868, p. 2 c. 5.]


1868 Nov. 1 / Wrms / Melbourne. [A; 536. "An unusual phenomenon...." Melbourne Argus, November 4, 1868, p. 5 c. 1-2. "An unusual phenomenon, we are informed was observed in connexion with the thunder-storm of Sunday evening. In East Melbourne a shower of worms, from two to two and a half inches long, fell, and the windows of one house were half covered with these little reptiles, while the yard was quite alive with them."]


1868 Nov 1 / evening / wrms / Ac to the Argus, 4-5-1+ / That during the th. storm, at East Melbourne fell a shower of many worms (all alive) from 2 to 2½ inches long. [III; 1607. "An unusual phenomenon...." Melbourne Argus, November 4, 1868, p. 5 c. 1-2.]


1868 Nov. 1-6 / q / Mexico / II / BA '11. [III; 1608. A class II earthquake. Milne, 721.]


1868 Nov. 3 / 3:22 p.m. / Sussex / detonating meteor in full sunshine / LT, Dec 2-8-e. [III; 1609. Allnatt, R.H. "November, 1868." London Times, December 2, 1868, p. 8 c. 5.]


1868 Nov. 3 / Great met in sunshine / Birmingham / Rugby/ Chipping Norton / LT, Nov 5-4-f / London / BA 69-242, 280 / Appendix / ab. 3:15 p.m. / (Worcester, etc.). Symon's Met 23/170. [III; 1610. "Brilliant Meteor in Sunshine." London Times, November 5, 1868, p. 4 c. 6. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1868-69." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1869, 216-308, at 242-243 & 280, (illustration). "On the Meteorology of 1868, with details of the Principal Phenomena." British Rainfall, 1868, 61-66, at 65-66. "Mr. W. White has kindly disinterred the following note...." Symons's Meteorological Magazine, 23 (December 1888): 170.]


1868 Nov. 4 / Isle of Jersey / a dense shower of tiny white flies like a snowstorm. Land and Water, Nov 14, p. 270. [III; 1611. (Land and Water, November 14, 1868, p. 270.)]


1868 Nov. 4 / Trans Merc. [III; 1612. Transit of Mercury. Nautical Almanac and Astronomical Ephemeris, 1868, 486.]


1868 Nov. 5 / Trans. Mercury / Obs. 29/416. Luminous point on / M. Notices 38/338. [III; 1613. Denning, William Frederick. "The Planets and Planetary Observation." Observatory, 29 (1906): 280-283, 308-314, 355-359, 375-380, 414-418, 458-462; 30 (1907): 92- 96, 128-134, 205-208; at v. 29, 416. Huggins, William, "On the Appearance of Mercury at its Transit, November 5, 1868." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 29 (1868): 25-28, (illustration). Jenkins, Benjamin George. "The Luminous Spot on Mercury in Transit." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 38 (April 12, 1878): 337-340, at 338.]


1868 Nov 8 / In a letter so dated, Mr. Birmingham calls attention to something that suggests the architectural. It is east of Delisle. "A group of three hills in a lofty, acute-angled triangle and connected by three banks / 3 lower embankments / Astro Reg 20/167. [III; 1614. Richards, W.J.B. "Lunar Work for July, 1882." Astronomical Register, 20 (July 1882): 167-168. "East of Delisle, at the distance of about two of the adopted units, is a singular triangular formation, which is very imperfectly figured in the maps. Neison calls it 'a small triangular plateau, on which rise the peak α"; in a letter dated Nov. 8, 1868, Mr. Birmingham speaks of it as 'a curious formation, such as would have delighted Gruithuisen. It appeared as a group of three hills in a slightly acute-angled triangle, and connected by three lower embankments.' It is well worthy of attention and careful drawing, as no good delineation of it seems to exist."]


1868 Nov 8-9 / Right date for the Euphrosyne. [III; 1615.]


1868 Nov 8-9 / See Oct 8-9. / midnight / L.T., Dec 9-5-d / Capt of the bark Euphrosyne reports, at Lat 16.40 S, Long 4. W. Sky suddenly densely overcastsound like distant cannonadingmeteors appeared. Sea disturbed and vessel shook. Rumbling increased. The agitations continued until sunrise. [III; 1616.1, 1616.2. "Submarine Earthquakes." London Times, December 9, 1868, p. 5 c. 4. See: 1868 Oct 8-9, (III; 1572).]


1868 Nov 11 / Sudden heat and fall of dust, Melbournethen rain. Argus 12-5-2. [III; 1617. "The weather yesterday...." Melbourne Argus, November 12, 1868, p. 5 c. 2. The extreme change from a "very hot day" on Tuesday, (with dust in the wind), to a "cold, boisterous, and wintery" night was subject of the paragraph, (not any fall of dust).]


1868 Nov 12 / 7 a.m. / near Melbourne / Great waterspout / Melbourne Leader, 14th, p. 11. [III; 1618. "About seven o'clock Thursday morning...." Melbourne Leader, November 14, 1868 p. 11 c. 1.]


1868 Nov. 12 / BO / No mention of meteors in Melbourne Argus. [III; 1619.]


1868 Nov 12 + / Soon after midnight, slight shock, Lahore / The Pioneer (Allahabad), 18th. Severe at Dera Ismail Khan23rd. [III; 1620. (Allahabad Pioneer, November 18, 1868.)]


1868 Nov. 12 / Cyclone at Akyab / Pioneer, 30th. [III; 1621. (Allahabad Pioneer, November 30, 1868.)]


1868 Nov. 13 / 9 a.m. / Bucharest, Roumania / violent shock / L.T. 16-12-2. [III; 1622. "Roumania." London Times, November 16, 1868, p. 12 c. 2.]


1868 Nov. 13-14 / Mets reported by Prof. Daniel Kirkwood, of Bloomington, Indiana, as "unexpectedly brilliant. During 3 hours, morning of 13th, 165 seen. / Proc. Amer. Phil Soc 10-541 / On night of 13-14 from 11 p.m. to 4 p.m., a committee of students counted 2,500. From 4:55 a.m. to 6:11, one observer counted 780. [III; 1623.1, 1623.2. Kirkwood, Daniel. "On the Shower of November, Meteors as observed at Bloomington, Indiana, November 13-14, 1868." Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 10 (July 1868): 541-542.]


1868 Nov. 13 / Great shower / U.S. / Italy / B.A. 69, pp-294-. [III; 1624. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1868-69." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1869, 216-308, at 293-294.]


1868 Nov, 13-14 / (Southern) mets / From 10:30 p.. until sunrise like a shower of rockets. Like other southern obs., moved in all directions. This from a ship 26.3 S, 27.37 W. / BA 69-290. [III; 1625. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1868-69." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1869, 216-308, at 290. The name of the ship was the "British India."]


1868 Nov / No mention of meteors in Nourse's Hall's Second Arctic Expedition". See Appendix I, "Hall's Astronomical Observations". [III; 1626. Hall, Charles Francis. Nourse, J.E., ed. Narrative of the Second Arctic Expedition.... Washington: U.S. Naval Observatory, 1879, 451-475. See: 1867 Nov, (III; 1184).]


1868 Nov 13-14 / Letter "G" in sky / [Letter to Fort, from Ed W French, Hudson, Kansas, Aug 10-25]. [III; 1627. Letter; French, Ed W., to Fort; August 10, 1925.)]


1868 Nov. 13-14 / BO / San Francisco Evening Bulletin of 14th / Display surpassed that of 1867. From 10:30 p.m. till about 2 a.m. Some in different directions but most of them from east to west. "Most wonderful exhibition ever witnessed on the coast. Just before the display a slight shock of earthquake, and afterward a more pronounced shock. [III; 1628.1, 1628.2. (San Francisco Evening Bulletin, November 14, 1868.)]


1868 Nov. 13-14  Cor writing Nov 12, 1898, to Nature 59-55, says on Channel near Calais, clouds suddenly cleared away, and he saw morning of 14th, 1:30 [a.m.], a splendid display of Leonids. [III; 1629. Andrews, William. "The Leonids in 1868." Nature, 59 (November 17, 1898): 55.]


1868 Nov 13-14 / At Toronto, from 10:45 p.m. to 6 a.m., ab 3000 meteors counted. L.T., Dec. 8-8-c / many larger than Sirius' apparent mag. / ab. 99% from Leo. [III; 1630. Kingston, G.T. "The Meteoric Shower." London Times, December 8, 1868, p. 8 c. 3.]


1868 Nov 13-14 / Meteors in N.Y. / 30 between 11:18-11:55 / Trib 14-1-5. General direction from N.E. to S.W.some from Orion, some from Cancer. [III; 1631. "The Meteors." New York Tribune, November 14, 1868, p. 1 c. 5.]


1868 Nov 14 / Cosmos of / Subterranean detonations at Verona. [III; 1632. "Les inondations de la Suisse...." Cosmos, s. 3 v. 3 (November 14, 1868): 533-536, at 534.]


1868 Nov. 14 / From 2 a.m. to after daybreak. At sea, ab. 51 N and 8 W. Mets like innumerable rockets. / BA 69-289. [III; 1633. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1868-69." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1869, 216-308, at 289. "The Star Shower at Sea." Liverpool Mercury, November 24 1868, p. 6 c. 5.]


1868 Nov 14 / morning / North Unst, Scotland / "a great falling" of mets / BA 71-39. [III; 1634. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1870-71." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1871, 26-52, at 39.]


1868 Nov. 14 / 4:15 a.m. / In Switzerland, extraordinary number of mets / BA 71-39. [III; 1635. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1870-71." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1871, 26-52, at 39.]


1868 Nov. 14 / Met trains / Marathon, NY / Brunswick, Me / New Haven, Conn / Bloomington, Ind / Boston, Mass / MWR 07-391. [III; 1636. Trowbridge, C.C. "On Atmospheric Currents at Very Great Altitudes." Monthly Weather Review, 35 (no. 9; September 1907): 390-397, at 391, cv. Table 4.)]


1868 Nov 14 / N.Y. Times, 1-7 / 15-1-3 / Meteors. [III; 1637. "The Meteoric Shower." New York Times, November 14, 1868 p. 1 c. 7. "The Meteoric Shower." New York Times, November 15, 1868, p. 1 c. 3.]


1868 Nov. 14 / Sleet / See next. / 5:06 a.m. / New Haven, Conn / met train / BA 69-246, Appendix / On 15th, train in Brazil and one in Spain. [III; 1638. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1868-69." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1869, 216-308, at 246-247 & 275.]


1868 Nov 14 / morning / From 3:30 a.m. until between 6 and 7at Shetland, extraordinary display of meteorsall from one point in Leo. / L.T., Dec 7-10-2 / until daylight. [III; 1639. Hamilton, J.M. "Meteoric Showers." London Times, December 7, 1868, p. 10 c. 6.]


1868 Nov. 15 / Great eruption of Vesuvius, in a period of activity. / Heavy shower of ashes on 20th. C.R. 67-1109. [III; 1640. Palmieri, Luigi. "Faits pour servir à l'histoire éruptive du Vésuve. Éruption du 15 novembre 1868." Comptes Rendus, 67 (1868): 1109.]


1868 Nov. 15 / (l) / 1:30 a.m. / Bahia, Brazil / met and large train / Sci Op. 1/187. [III; 1641. (Scientific Opinion, 1-187.)]


1868 Nov. 15 / Great meteor at Bahia, Brazil. Seems the display of 13-14 not seen here but "several" night of 14th. / L.T., Dec 23-9-d. [III; 1642. "A Meteor in Brazil." London Times, December 23, 1868, p. 9 c. 4.]


1868 Nov. 15 / night / Eruption of Vesuvius / See Oct 9. [III; 1643. See: 1868 Oct 9, (III; 1573).]


1868 Nov 14 / The Meteors / 2 columns in N.Y. Herald, Nov. 15 / 16-5-4. [III; 1644. "The Meteors." New York Herald, November 15, 1868, p. 3 c. 4-6. "More About the Meteors." New York Herald, November 16, 1868, p. 5 c. 4-5.]


1868 Nov 15 / Vesuvius began. / La Sci Pour Tous 14-11. [III;1645. Girard, J. "Éruption du Vésuve." La Science Pour Tous, 14 (no. 2; December 12, 1868): 11-12.]


1868 Nov 16, etc. / Vesuvius violent / Nouvelles Météorologiques, 2-240. [III; 1646. (Nouvelles Météorologiques, 2-240.)]


1868 Nov 16-27 / Atmosphere at Hawaii very smoky, seeming to come from Mauna Loa / San Fran. Ev. Bulletin, Dec. 17. [III; 1647. (San Francisco Evening Bulletin, December 17, 1868.)]


1868 Nov, etc. / Vesuvius tremendous spectacle / L.T. 18-5-a. [III; 1648. "Mount Vesuvius." London Times, November 18, 1868, p. 5 c. 1.]


1868 Nov 20 / Disap / New York / Harpers 38/507. [A; 537. "Missing." Harper's New Monthly Magazine, 38 (1868/69): 504-511, at 507.]


1868 Nov. 21 / Paducah, Ky / shock / San Fran Ev. Bulletin, Dec. 14. [III; 1649. (San Francisco Evening Bulletin, December 14, 1868.)]


1868 Nov. 24 / Vesuvius less violent / L.T. Dec 4-8-d. [III; 1650. "The Eruption of Vesuvius." London Times, December 4, 1868, p. 8 c. 4.]


1868 Nov. 27 and Dec. 5 / Specimens (S. Kensington) gray stones very much alike. [III; 1651.

The Danville, (L chondrite), and the Frankfort, (an achondrite Howardite), are different types of stony meteorites.]


1868 Nov. 27 / Etna began. / La Sci Pour Tous 14-32. [III; 1652. "Nouvelles." La Science Pour Tous, 14 (no. 4; December 26, 1868): 32.]


1868 Nov. 26 / Etna violent. Gradually subsided but Dec 8, with renewed violence. / L.T., Dec 10-7-c. [III; 1653. "The Eruption of Mount Etna." London Times, December 10, 1868, p. 7 c. 3.]


1868 Nov. 27 / Danville, Alabama / F / See Dec 5. [III; 1654. Fletcher, 103. This is the Danville meteorite. See: 1868 Dec. 5, (III; 1659).]


1868 Nov 28 / Etna in eruption / Trib 30-1-4. [III; 1655. "Italy." New York Tribune, November 30, 1868, p. 1 c. 4.]


1868 Nov. 30 / 3:40 p.m. / Nelson, N.Z. / smart shock and been several on 29th. Taranaki Herald, Dec. 26. [III; 1656. "Earthquakes at Nelson." Taranaki Herald, December 26, 1868, p. 4 c. 2.]


1868 Dec. 1 / qs and volc. / Iceland / Nouvelles Météorologiques, 2/42. [III; 1657. (Nouvelles Météorologiques, 2-42.)]


1868 Dec 4 / Alabama / stone / See June 23, 1881. [III; 1658. See: 1881 June 23, (V; 537).]


1868 Dec. 5 / Frankfort, Alabama / See Nov 27. / (F). [III; 1659. Fletcher, 103. This is the Frankfort meteorite. See: 1868 Nov. 27, (III; 1654).]


1868 Dec. 5 / ab 3 p.m. / 4 miles south of Frankfort, Franklin Co., Ala / (F) A. J. Sci 2/48/240. [III; 1660. Fletcher, 103. Brush, George J. "On the Meteoric Stone which fell Dec. 5th, 1868. American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 48 (1869): 240-244. This is the Frankfort meteorite.]


[1868 Dec 5 /] 1868 Dec 22 / (Cut) / (Sound) / Met explosion / Franklin Co., Alabama / 3 distinct sounds like cannon-fire / Am. J. Sci 2-48-241. [III; 1670. Brush, George J. "On the Meteoric Stone which fell Dec. 5th, 1868. American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 48 (1869): 240-244, at 241.]


1868 Dec 8 / 8 p.m. / Etna / See Nov. 26. / At Malta 120 miles away spectacle magnificent. / Subsided on 9th[LT] 23-5-a / qmeteors at sea / Oct 8-9, 1868. [III; 1661. "Malta." London Times, December 23, 1868, p. 5 c. 1-2. See: 1868 Nov. 26, (III; 1653), and, 1868 Oct 8-9, (III; 1572).]


1868 Dec 8 / From 9:45 p.m., 67 Geminids counted / Trib 10-5-3+. At least were from Gemini. [III; 1662. "Meteoric Display." New York Tribune, December 10, 1868, p. 5 c. 3.]


1868 Dec 10 / (+)Mets not parallax / BA 69-275 / Other cases here. [III; 1663. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1868-69." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1869, 216-308, at 250-251 & 275-276.]


1868 Dec. 11 / 5 p.m. / Met / Germany / Zeit Met 4/24. [III; 1664. "Kleinere Mittheilungen." Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, 4 (1869): 16-25, at 24.]


1868 Dec. 13 / 9:25 p.m. / Kärnten / Met / Z.M. 4/46. [III; 1665. "Kleinere Mittheilungen." Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, 4 (1869): 43-48, at 46.]


1868 Dec 17 / Small eruption, Mayon volc, Philippines / Ref, Feb 1, 1814. [III; 1666. Masó, Miguel Saderra. Report on the Seismic and Volcanic Centers of the Philippine Archipelago. Manila: Bureau of Public Printing, 1902, 14.]


1868 Dec 20 / Great q. / Mexico / [BA] '11. [III; 1667. A class III earthquake. Milne, 721.]


1868 Dec 20 / Disastrous q / Colima and Manzanullo, Mexico. / Cosmos 3/4/64. [III; 1668. "Tremblement de terre au Mexique." Cosmos, s. 3 v. 4 (January 16, 1869): 64.]


1868 Dec. 22 / (Aust) / Moti-ka-nagla / Rajputna, India / (F). [III; 1669. Fletcher, 103. This is the Moti-ka-nagla meteorite.]


[1868 Dec 22. Wrong date. See: 1868 Dec 05, (III; 1670).]


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

1868 / ab last of Dec / Cl burst / dets. / A carrier in Queensland between Ipswich and Warwick. There had been slight rain. He was driving a five-horse truck along a dry creek. Suddenly a volume of water swept down it. Horses and truck swept away and destroyed. / Melbourne Age, Jan 21-2-6. [III; 1670.1, 1670.2. "An occurrence of a very extraordinary nature took place...." The Age, (Melbourne), January 21, 1869, p. 2 c. 6. No cloudburst was observed: "...it had rained on the night befire, but not so as to excite the slightest apprehension of danger...."]

© X 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021 Mr. X, Box 1598, Kingston, Ontario K7L 5C8 CANADA
Back to content