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Last updated: March 28, 2018.

Charles Hoy Fort's Notes


1879


1879:


1879 // H.H. / N. 11th St., Philadelphia / See Ap. 21, 1883. [B; 205. See: 1883 Ap. 21, (B; 495).]


1879 // Body of Mrs. W.I. Peters / Frankfort, Ind. / See Dec. 22, 1888. [B; 206. See: 1888 Dec 22, (B; 993).]


1879 // A.W. Underwood / Paw Paw / fire breath / See May 1, 1880. [B; 207. See: 1880 May 1, (B; 289), and, 1882 Dec 1, (B; 408).]


1879 // Lebanon, Ohio / Bullets / March 6, 1880. [B; 208. See: 1880 March 6, (B; 278).]


1879 // about /// Sun minimum time. [IV; 2504. (Ref???)]


1879 Jan / Newburg, N.Y. / Hammeringa bed thrown violently, attrib to a dead wife. / NY Times, Feb 12, 1879. [B; 209. “Haunted by a Dead Wife.” New York Times, February 12, 1879, p. 1 c. 6.]


1879 / ab. Jan 1 // Began plagueblack pest, in Russia. / N.Y. Herald, Feb. 23-7-5 / See Feb. [B; 210. “The Black Pest.” New York Herald, February 23, 1879, p. 7 c. 6. See: 1879 Feb., (B; 225).]


1879 Jan, Feb, etc. / Plague in Russia /// D. [B; 212. “The Black Pest.” New York Herald, February 23, 1879, p. 7 c. 6.]


[1879 Jan 2. Wrong date. See: 1879 Jan 28, (IV; 2505).]


1879 Jan 2 / N.Y. Times, 2-7 / q. / N.Y. [IV; 2506. "A Small Earthquake in This State." New York Times, January 29, 1879, p. 2 c. 7.]


1879 Jan 6 / Heavy rains and melting snow and floods in Switzerland / Times of 6th, p. 6, col. 1. [IV; 2507. "Switzerland." London Times, January 6, 1879, p. 6 c. 1.]


1879 Jan. 9-10 / ab midnight / violent shock / Arequipa, Peru / 12-13, ab midnight, another violent shock / Nature 19-423. [IV; 2508. "Notes." Nature, 19 (March 6, 1879): 422-424, at 423.]


1879 Jan 12 / 9:56 p.m. / Moncalieri, Italy / large meteor / BA 79-100. [IV; 2509. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, George Forbes, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke, Walter Flight. "Report of Observations of Luminous Meteors during the year 1878-79." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1879, 76-131, at 100-101.]


1879 Jan 10 / early morn / More slight shocks at Buir, Germany / L.T. 14-5-d. [IV; 2510. "Germany." London Times, January 14, 1879, p. 5 c. 4.]


1879 Jan 11 / Religio-Phil Jour., 5-1 / Bunker Hill street, Charleston. Child's face appeared on a window curtain. [B; 211. "A correspondent writes us that a singular phenomeon...." Religio-Philosophical Journal, 25 (no. 19; January 11, 1879): 5, (c. 1).]


1879 Jan 11 / 10h, 8 m, a.m. / Powerful shocks / Klagenfurt / L.T. 15-5-d. [IV; 2511. "Miscellaneous Foreign News." London Times, January 15, 1879, p. 5 c. 4.]


1879 Jan 11 / 4 p.m. / Sun pillar / Hertsford / Times, March 13, 1902. [IV; 2512. "The Solar Phenomenon." London Times, March 13, 1902, p. 15 c. 1.]


1879 Jan. 11 / 7:30 p.m. / Loud det met / Bohemia / Nature 19-326. [IV; 2513. "Notes." Nature, 19 (February 6, 1879): 325-327, at 326.]


1879 Jan 12 / NY Times, 8-1 / q / Missouri. [IV; 2514. (New York Times, January 12, 1879, p. 8 c. 1; not found here, nor in early 1879.) See: 1878 Nov 18, (IV; 2480).]


1879 Jan 12 / 11:50 p.m / Shock / Florida and Georgia / N.Y. Times 19-2-7 / 20-2-7. [IV; 2515. “The Earthquake in Savannah.” New York Times, January 19, 1879, p. 2 c. 7. “The Floridian Shake.” New York Times, January 20, 1879, p. 2 c. 7.]


1879 Jan 12 / (It) / 9:56 p.m. / Moncalieri, near Turin / Large met / BA 79-100. [IV; 2516. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, George Forbes, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke, Walter Flight. "Report of Observations of Luminous Meteors during the year 1878-79." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1879, 76-131, at 100-101.]


1879 Jan 12 / (Stat) / 7:25 p.m. = det / 7:32 p.m. = not det / 2 fireballs / Bohemia and Saxony / nearly at right angles to each other / See Dec. 13 / BA 79-84. [IV; 2517. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, George Forbes, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke, Walter Flight. "Report of Observations of Luminous Meteors during the year 1878-79." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1879, 76-131, at 84-85. See: 1878 Dec 13, (IV; 2496).]


1879 Jan 12 / 11:50 p.m. / q / Georgia and Florida / NY Times 19-2-7 / (V) / 20-2-7. [IV; 2518. “The Earthquake in Savannah.” New York Times, January 19, 1879, p. 2 c. 7. “The Floridian Shake.” New York Times, January 20, 1879, p. 2 c. 7.]


1879 Jan. 14 / NY Times, Jan 19, 1879 / Man in Newtown, Ind., Jan 14, 1879, killed while asleepmet through roof. / Denied in Jan 22, 1879. [IV; 2519. "The Strangest Meter Story Yet." New York Times, January 19, 1879, p. 10 c. 5-6. "The Meteorite That Didn't Kill a Man." New York Times, January 22, 1879, p. 3 c. 4-5.]


1879 Jan 12, 16, 23 / Vol XIV / Meteors / Ref, Jan 1, 1866. [IV; 2520. Refer to: 1866 Jan, (III; 793). "Kleinere Mittheilungen." Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, 14 (1876): 56-69, at 67-68. "Kleinere Mittheilungen." Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, 14 (1879): 138-153, at 151.]


1879 Jan. 15 / morning / "Singular reports" thought to be seismic heard, Watertown, N.Y. / N.Y. Times 25-5-2. [IV; 2521. "An Earthquake in Jefferson County." New York Times, January 25, 1879, p. 5 c. 2.]


1879 Jan 15 / q or dets / early morning / Watertown, N.Y. / "singular reports" heardlater it was concluded had been an earthquake / N.Y.T. 25-5-2 / NY Times. [IV; 2522. "An Earthquake in Jefferson County." New York Times, January 25, 1879, p. 5 c. 2.]


1879 Jan 15 / NY Times, 4-6 / Sunspots and Locusts / Ed. [IV; 2523. "The maximum and minimum of sun-spots...." New York Times, January 15, 1879, p. 4 c. 6-7.]


1879 Jan 20, abinto Feb. / L.T., Feb 4-5-d / In Switzerland, "a singular and almost unprecedented phenomenon". Ice and snow on lower ground, and in higher Alps water unfrozen and snow almost disappeared. Said been from a warm south wind. / See Jan 6. [IV; 2524. "Switzerland." London Times, February 4, 1879, p. 5 c. 4. See: 1879 Jan 6, (IV; 2507).]


1879 Jan 21 / Hurricane / Cadiz / L.T. 28-5-d. [IV; 2525. "Miscellaneous Foreign News." London Times, January 28. 1879, p. 5 c. 4.]


[1879 Jan 22 /] 1878 Jan 22 / Reported from Paris. Taken from a Silesian newspaper that had been a fall of very fine sand in Lower Silesia and Lower Lusatia. / L.T. 23-5-d. [IV; 2313. "Miscellaneous Foreign News." London Times, January 23, 1879, p. 5 c. 4. "According to a Silesian paper, there was a rain of very fine sand some days ago in several parts of Lower Silesia and Lower Lusatia."]


1879 Jan 23 / Conj / Jupiter, Venus, moon / NYT, Jan 24-8-2. [IV; 2526. "The Planetary Conjunction." New York Times, January 24, 1879, p. 8 c. 2. Altho Jupiter and Venus were only degree apart in the sky, the Moon was about 8 degrees apart from them, (and nearly a new moon).]


1879 Jan 25 / Switzerland / Cantons of Uri and Glarus / violent detonations and shocks / LT 31-5-d / early morn. [IV; 2527. "Switzerland." London Times, January 31, 1879, p. 5 c. 4.]


1879 Jan 27 / Moon and Saturn / conj / NYT 24-8-2. [IV; 2528. "The Planetary Conjunction." New York Times, January 24, 1879, p. 8 c. 2.  Altho in "conjunction," Saturn and the Moon were about 5 degrees apart in the sky.]


1879 Jan 28 / qmet / and geo-effects / Michigan, 2:30 a.m., great meteoric explosion and concussion, and if met not been seen would had been thought an earthquake. Buildings swayed. Ice in Carp Lake broken. / NY Times, Feb 6-2-6 / BA-79-87, 118. [IV; 2529. "A Big Meteor Seen in Michigan." New York Times, February 6, 1879, p. 2 c. 6. "The next morning a large hole, 50 feet or more in diameter, was discovered in the ice about 600 feet from shore. The ice was solid in this spot the day before." The ice was about 12 or 15 inches thick and had the appearance of being cracked, broken, and "driven down" around this hole. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, George Forbes, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke, Walter Flight. "Report of Observations of Luminous Meteors during the year 1878-79." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1879, 76-131, at 87-88 & 118-119.]


[1879 Jan 28 /] 1879 Jan 2 / See Jan 28. / Great met seen fall in Lake Michigan / Les Mondes 49/91 / ? [IV; 2505. “Chute d'un météore dans le Michigan.” Cosmos, v. 49 (1879): 90-91. The date of the phenomenon was copied here as “2 janvier,” (when “2” was the time in the morning, in the letter published in the Scientific American). “Fall of a Meteor in Michigan.” Scientific American, n.s., 40 (March 15, 1879): 160.]


[1879 Jan 29. Wrong date. See: 1878 Jan 29, (IV; 2530).]


[1878 Jan 29 /] 1879 Jan 29 / 7 a.m. / 4.20 N / 21.45 W / several submarine volcs throwing water 100 feet high / Symons Met. 13-27. [IV; 2530. "The Earthquake of January 28th." Symons's Meteorological Magazine, 13 (March 1878): 26-27. "Notes." Nature, 17 (March 7, 1878): 370-373, at 372. "Latest Shipping Intelligence." London Times, March 5, 1878, p. 11 c. 5. No volcano has been identified in this region of the Atlantic Ocean.]


1879 Jan 31 / (F) / noon / at Issoudun, Commune of Dun-le-Poëlier, France / (Aerolite) / La Nature 12/382 / C.R. 89-1140. [IV; 2531. "Académie des Sciences." La Nature, 1879 pt. 2 (no. 332; October 11): 307. Daubrée. "Sur une météorite sporadoidère tombée le 31 Janvier 1879, à  la Bécasse, commune de Dun-le-Poëlier (Indre)." Comptes Rendus, 89 (1879): 597-598. Fletcher, 105. This is the La Bécasse meteorite.]


1879 Feb / L'Astro, 9/153 / Cor writes that he saw serpentine appearance in sky. Recognized it as a mirage of river Seine. [IV; 2532. "Les mirages à Paris." Astronomie, 9 (1890): 153-154.]


1879 / ab. Feb. 1 // Stones, etc. / Cor to Daily Telegraph, Feb. 4, (Spiritualist, Ap 4) / Little village of Rochford, near Tenbury Wells, house of Mr. Joseph Smith, of New House Farm. Showers of stones, ab. a week. Cows mysteriously untied in their sheds, stones down the kitchen chimney, doors rattled and slammed. Phe in presence of police and neighbors A boy, named Rowberry, was sent away and phe stopped. Boy employed there. [B; 213.1, 213.2. (London Daily Telegraph, February 4, 1879; not at BNA.) “Here is another case....” Spiritualist Newspaper, (London), 14 (no. 14;  April 4, 1879): 157. (Try: London Times, ca. February 4, 1879, instead of Telegraph.) “Manifestations Extraordinary.” Worcestershire Chronicle, January 25, 1879, p. 7 c. 5. The phenomena began during Wednesday evening, (January 15), with stones “thrown on the roof of the stable,” where a waggoner and a fifteen-years-old boy, named Rowberry, were working. “Shortly after the inhabitants of the house got up on Thursday morning stones were again thrown at the house and buildings, and it seemed that wherever the lad went the stones would come. This state of things continued at intervals till about six p.m., and no one could be seen. At six p.m. the stones were thrown with great rapidity. They broke the kitchen window (about six panes, large size), also two panes over a passage door, and the household were in great alarm. P.C. Needle was sent for, and there were soon some twelve or more neighbours on the spot, and a search was made in the buildings, rickyard, and adjoining fields, but no one could be found throwing stones, or even could there be any one seen; yet the throwing continued all night. At last Mr. Smith loaded his gun and fired several shots, thinking to alarm the persons throwing the stones; but this was of no avail, as the throwing still continued during the night. Coal, peas, &c, besides stones, were thrown. Several of the people went upstairs to the attic windows, from which they could see all round the house and over the adjoining fields, but no one could be seen; still the stones, &c, came. On Thursday morning Mr. Smith reported the affair to P.S. Long, Tenbury, who sent P.C.'s Rowley and Needle to keep a 'sharp' look-out about the premises next night. All day, however, stones, &c. were thrown at intervals.” Rowberry was struck by many of the stones, and a stone was seen as it “went through the window from the outside, close to the boy's head, and a very loud noise was heard as though something had struck the wall with considerable force.” On Saturday, (January 18), Smith was advised to send Rowberry home; the boy's wages were paid, and he was sent home with the assistance of P.C. Needle, (“as the boy could scarcely get along, he was so frightened”); and, “Nothing has occurred since the lad left.”]


1879 Feb. 4 / Not found in D. Telegraph. [B; 214.]


1879 Feb. 1 / Australia / remarkable meteor / Nature 20/121 / (D date). [IV; 2533. Ellery, Robert Lewis John. "A Remarkable Meteor." Nature, 20 (June 5, 1879): 121.]


1879 Feb 3 / 11:30 p.m. / Extremely large meteor / Indiana / BA 79-102. [IV; 2534. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, George Forbes, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke, Walter Flight. "Report of Observations of Luminous Meteors during the year 1878-79." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1879, 76-131, at 102-103.]


1879 Feb. 7 / ab. 6 a.m. / St. Louis / Great meteor nearly size of moon / N.Y. Times 17-3-3. [IV; 2535. "The Meteor Seen in St. Louis." New York Times, February 17, 1879, p. 3 c. 3.]


1879 Feb 10 / Lake Neuchatel, noon to 2 p.m., rises and falls of the water. In the evening, a violent th. storm. / Nature 19-447. [IV; 2536. “Notes.” Nature, 19 (March 13, 1879): 445-447, at 446.]


1879 Feb 11 / myst malady / Religio-Phil Jour, March 1-6-3myst. maladyfamily in Ohiochildren bark like dogs and yell like cats. Home of John Layman, wife, 2 grown daughters, and 2 young daughters and young son, who were the 3 affected ones. In Greene township, Shelby Co, Ohio / small amount of foodeldest had gone 2 weeks with no food / See Oct 16, 1875. [B; 215.1, 215.2. "A Mysterious Malady." Religio-Philosophical Journal, 25 (no. 26; March 1, 1879): 6, ( c. 3). See: 1875 Oct 16, (B: 72 & 73).]


1879 Feb. 12 / N.Y. Times, 1-6 / Williamsburg, 2 miles s. west of Newburg, N.Y. / Home of old man Noah Williams, who was sick. Six months ago, his wife had died. Said that she had threatened to haunt him. Rattling sounds heard in house, and heavy poundings. His bed raised and thrown violently. Williams, terrified, died several days later. Early in Feb., Williams' son moved in. The noises kept up. [B; 216.1, 216.2. “Haunted by a Dead Wife.” New York Times, February 12, 1879, p. 1 c. 6.]


1879 Feb 12 / 2:50 a.m. / q / Germany / Zeit Met 14-149. [IV; 2537. "Kleinere Mittheilungen." Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, 14 (1879): 138-153, at 149.]


1879 Feb. 12 / Buffalo Express, copied in N.Y. Times 17-2-6 / Rumbling sounds from Bare Hill, on Canandaigua Lake. People feared be a volcanic eruption. [IV; 2538. "Have We a Volcano Ready to Burst?" New York Times, February 17, 1879, p. 2 c. 6.]


1879 Feb 16 / Religio-Phil. Jour., 6-4 / In Connorsville, Ind, in home of Prof John Wolfran. He began to play pianoRoom seemed to fill with a thunderous sound that shook the whole house When he stopped playing, the sound stopped. Touch piano, again the sound. Phe kept up hour and a half. [B; 217.1, 217.2. " (Religio-Philosophical Journal, 25 (no. 24; February 15, 1879, p. 6 c. 4.; not found, wrong date???)]


1879 Feb 16 / BO / 7:45 a.m. / Milan and Brescia / sharp shock / L.T. 20-5-d. [IV; 2539. "Miscellaneous Foreign News." London Times, February 20, 1879, p. 5 c. 4.]


1879 Feb 17 / NY Times, 3-3 / Met / St Louis. [IV; 2540. "The Meteor Seen in St. Louis." New York Times, February 17, 1879, p. 3 c. 3.]


1879 Feb. 21 / Fires // Cohoes / Colombus, Ind / Boston / Salem, N.J. / Granby, Quebec / Summerside, P.E. Island / NY City / Brooklyn // N.Y. Herald 22-4-5. [B; 218. “Conflagrations.” New York Herald, February 22, 1879, p. 4 c. 5.]


1879 Feb 22 and 24 / (Stat) / BA 79-90, etc. [IV; 2541. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, George Forbes, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke, Walter Flight. "Report of Observations of Luminous Meteors during the year 1878-79." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1879, 76-131, at 88-91, 102-105 & 120.]


1879 Feb. 21 / 5:45 p.m. / Todten Lake, in the Erfurt district, Germany. Water rose in a column and flooded surrounding lane. / Nature 19-423. [IV; 2542. "Notes." Nature, 19 (March 6, 1879): 422-424, at 423.]


1879 Feb. 22 / N.Y. Herald, 7-2 / Sudden rise of River Loire, of 5 metres, at Nantes, France. [IV; 2543. "Telegraphic News." New York Herald, February 22, 1879, p. 7 c. 1-2.]


1879 Feb 22 / Surrey, Sussex and Suffolk / det met ab 12:20 a.m. / B '79/88, 102 / Heard to det in several towns in Essex. Haverhill in East Suffolk. [IV; 2544. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, George Forbes, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke, Walter Flight. "Report of Observations of Luminous Meteors during the year 1878-79." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1879, 76-131, at 88-90, 102-105.]


1879 Feb. 23 / NY Herald, 9-2 / Yellow fever in Rio. Deaths daily from 5 to 10. [B; 221. “Yellow Fever in Rio.” New York Herald, February 23, 1879, p. 9 c. 2.]


1879 Feb 21 to March 15 / Have N.Y. Herald. [B; 222.]


1879 Feb. 27 / N.Y. Herald, 5-1 / The cattle plague in N.Y., and N.J. [B; 223. “The Cattle Disease.” New York Herald, February 27, 1879, p. 5 c. 1-2.]


1879 Feb. 27 / [N.Y. Herald], 7-1 / Outbreak of cattle disease, Manchester, England. In both England and U.S. said be pleuro-pneumonia. [B; 224. “Telegraphic News.” New York Herald, February 27, 1879, p. 7 c. 1-2.]


1879 Feb. / Plagues / See May, 1866, and Jan. 1, 1879. [B; 225. See: 1866 May, (A; 489), and, 1879 / ab. Jan 1, (B; 210).]


1879 March 5 / N.Y. Herald, 7-2+ / Alarming increase in Switzerland of smallpox, typhus and other infectious diseases. [B; 226. “Cable Notes.” New York Herald, March 5, 1879, p. 7 c. 2-3.]


1879 March 8 / N.Y. Herald, 4-6 / "Strange epidemic" among cattle of the Manchester district, Jamaica, B.W.I. / Account dated Feb. 27. [B; 227. “The West Indies.” New York Herald, March 8, 1879, p. 4 c. 6.]


1879 Feb. / See plagues back some months before. [B; 228. See: (Plagues).]


1879 Feb. 23 / Perugia, Italy / q / I / BA '11. [IV; 2545. Milne, 727.]


1879 Feb. 23, 25 / Sydney Morning Herald / nothing. [IV; 2546.]


1879 Feb 23, 25 / Italy / Dustfall / Zeit Met 14/141. 309. [IV; 2547. "Kleinere Mittheilungen." Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, 14 (1879): 138-153, at 141-146. "Kleinere Mittheilungen." Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, 14 (1879): 308-317, at 309-310.]


1879 Feb. 24 / Dust in a cyclone, places in Sicily and in Naples. Prof Macagno examined it and found iron globules that he supposed to be meteoric. / C.R. 88-613. [IV; 2548. Tacchini. "Sur des particules ferrugineuses observées dans la poussière amenée par un coup de vent de siroco en divers points de l'Italie." Comptes Rendus, 88 (1879): 613-614.]


1879 Feb 24 / (It) / See Ap., 1880. / Meteoric dust in cyclone at Palermo, Termini and Naples. / Sc A. Sup 10/3974. / CR 88-613. [IV; 2549. "Observations Regarding Falls of Meteoric Dust in Italy." Scientific American Supplement, 10 (no. 249; October 9, 1880): 3974. Tacchini. "Sur des particules ferrugineuses observées dans la poussière amenée par un coup de vent de siroco en divers points de l'Italie." Comptes Rendus, 88 (1879): 613-614. See: 1880 Ap. 15, (V: 169 & 170).]


1879 Feb. 24 / 2:48 a.m. / Liverpool / brilliant and exceptionally slow meteor / L.T., 25-11-c / 27-10-d. [IV; 2550. "Meteor." London Times, February 25, 1879, p. 11 c. 3. "A Meteor," London Times, February 27, 1879, p. 10 c. 4.]


1879 Feb 24 / 2:53 a.m. / Great det met / Manchester, Stockton, York / BA 79/90 / Newcastle, a snowstorm. The flakes illumined in the flash. / Observatory 3-306. [IV; 2551. Clark, James Edmund. "The Great Detonating Meteor of 1879, February 24." Observatory, 3 (1879-1880): 303-309, 337-343. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, George Forbes, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke, Walter Flight. "Report of Observations of Luminous Meteors during the year 1878-79." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1879, 76-131, at 90-91 & 120.]


1879 Feb 25 / N.Y. Herald, 7-1 / Drought in IndiaPunjab and N.W. Provinces. [IV; 2552. "Telegraphic News." New York Herald, February 25, 1879 p. 7 c. 1.]


1879 Feb. 25-28 / Gales, England. "Terrible storm" in Spain. "Ravages in Italy." / N.Y. Herald 28-7-3. [IV; 2553. "Herald Weather Service." New York Herald, February 28, 1879, p. 7 c. 3.]


1879 Feb 25 / (det met) / [LT, 11-c / 27-10-d // Mets. [IV; 2554. "Meteor." London Times, February 25, 1879, p. 11 c. 3. "A Meteor," London Times, February 27, 1879, p. 10 c. 4.]


1879 Feb 25 / Lesina, Germany / red snow / (?) / Zeit Met 20/419. [IV; 2555. "Kleinere Mittheilungen." Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, 14 (1879): 138-153, at 144-145.]


1879 Feb. 27 / account so dated // Severe drought in Jamaica, B.W.I. / N.Y. Herald, March 8-4-6. [IV; 2556. "The West Indies." New York Herald, March 8, 1879, p. 4 c. 6.]


1879 Feb 27 / Eruption in Iceland / last till May / Smith. Inst Rept. 1885/512. [IV; 2557. "Volcanic Eruptions and Earthquakes in Iceland within Historic Times." Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian, 1885, 495-541, at 512. The Hekla volcano.]


1879 / ab last of (Feb) // Polt / Phe began in a cottage at Bottesford, Leicestershire (Pall Mall Gazette, March 27) copied in the Spiritualist, Ap. 4objects moving from place to place. Occupied by Mr and Mrs. Edward Soulby. No phe except when their grandaughter, aged 14, in the house. [B; 229.1, 229.2. Spiritualist Newspaper, (London), 14 (no. 14;  April 4, 1879): 157. “Witchcraft in a Midland Village.” Pall Mall Gazette, March 27, 1879, p. 4 c. 1-2. “Witchcraft in North Lincolnshire.” Leeds Mercury, March 12, 1879, p. 5 c. 6.]


1879 March / Itapicuru-mirim. / Maranhao, Brazil / (F). [IV; 2558. Fletcher, 105. This is the Itapicuru-mirim meteorite.]


1879 March 2 / 8:45 p.m. / 8:47 / Sidcot, England / large meteors, two minutes apart / BA 79-104. [IV; 2559. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, George Forbes, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke, Walter Flight. "Report of Observations of Luminous Meteors during the year 1878-79." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1879, 76-131, at 104-105.]


1879 March 3 / Trance / Religio-Phil Jour, Ap 5 / Girl—Flora Feihleman, daughter of a farmer near Freelandsville, Ind., apparently died, but at the funeral her mother declared saw her eyelid move. Others tried to dissuade her. The girl sat up. [B; 230."A Funeral Postponed." Religio-Philosophical Journal, 26 (no. 5; April 5, 1879): 6, (c. 4).]


1879 March 5 / N.Y. Herald, 7-3 / Firebugs at Long Branch, N.J. Details 6-8-1. Other cases. / 7-4-3 / 9-10-6. [B; 219. “Long Branch Fire Bugs.” New York Herald, March 5, 1879, p. 7 c. 3. “Ruthless Incendiaries.” New York Herald, March 6, 1879, p. 8 c. 1-2. “Long Branch Firebugs.” New York Herald, March 7, 1879, p. 4 c. 3. “The Long Branch Fire.” New York Herald, March 9, 1879, p. 10 c. 6.]


1879 March 11 / N.Y. Herald, 7-4 / Firebug excitement at Columbus, Ohio. [B; 220. “Scared Columbus.” New York Herald, March 11, 1879, p. 7 c. 4.]


1879 March 16 / Bethlehem, Pa / Bright yellow snow / Trib, 1902, March 2 (S), 9-4. [IV; 2560. "Colored Snow." New York Tribune, March 25, 1902, "Illustrated Supplement," p. 9 c. 4. "Pennsylvania's Phenomenon." New York Sun, March 24, 1879, p. 1 c. 4. "The shower extended over an area of about two hundred miles, including the Counties of Berks, Lehigh, Carbon, Schuylkill, and Luzerne, and that the 'yellow snow' came to stay with us awhile is shown by the fact that quantities of it can yet be seen sticking to the stones and bricks along the principal streets. Many theories are advanced as to what the substance really is. Many persons still claim that it is genuine sulphur, while others aver that it is the pollen of pine trees, wafted on the wind from the pine forests of the Southern country."]


1879 March 17 / "Flames" / Religio-Phil Jour, 29th / Village of West Kalamo, Barry Co., Michigan. Old house been vacant 2 years. The farmer tenants had "disappeared in a very mysterious manner". Sounds were of unintelligible human voices. Whispers, rising to babels. Building illuminated at night as if by invisible flames. "Excited conversations" and illuminations until late evenings. [B; 231.1, 231.2. "A Haunted House." Religio-Philsophical Journal, 26 (no. 4; March 29, 1879): 6, (c. 4).]


1879 March 17 / Has the look of electric transmission of voices. House electrified? [B; 232.]


1879 March 17 / morning / Shower of pollen, N.E. Pennsylvania. Covered area of more than 2500 sq. miles. Believed that came more than 500 miles from the pine forests of southern states. The country people took it for a shower of sulphur. / Sci Gos 15/138. [IV; 2561. “A Shower of Pollen.” Science Gossip, 15 (no. 174; 1879): 138.]


1879 March 25 / N.Y. Times, 5-1 / Ap. 30-1-1 // Great q. / Persia. [IV; 2562. "Fatal Earthquake in Persia." New York Times, March 25, 1879, p. 5 c. 1. "Current Foreign Topics." New York Times, April 30, 1879, p. 1 c. 1-2.]


1879 March 29 / NY Times, 4-5 / Comets in View / Brorsen's // and Huggins' / Ap. 5-3-4. [IV; 2563. "The Comets." New York Times, March 29, 1879, p. 4 c. 5. Young, Charles Augustus. "The Spectrum of Brorsen's Comet." New York Times, April 5, 1879, p. 3 c. 4. Comet 5D/Brorsen, (now considered lost).]


1879 Ap. 2 / Destructive q. / Persia / Nature 20-18. [IV; 2564. "Notes." Nature, 20 (May 1, 1879): 16-19, at 18.]


1879 Ap 7 / [LT], 6-a / 18-6-c / Singular epidemic at Uster. [B; 233. “Miscellaneous Foreign News.” London Times, April 7, 1879, p. 6 c. 1. “Miscellaneous Foreign News.” London Times, April 18, 1879, p. 5 c. 3. Uster, Switzerland.]


1879 Ap 7 and before / Cor to Medium and Daybreak, Ap. 25, tells of polts in his home in Ramsgatethuds and scuffling sounds. One of his daughters, aged 7, had been lifted in a bed by an unseen force. Said he had neighbors who were mediums. Here the same sounds, and this the third house they had lived in that was so troubled. [B; 234.1, 234.2. "Questions and Answers." Medium and Daybreak, 10 (no. 473; April 25, 1879): 249.]


1879 Ap. 7 / Trib, 5-1 / Marpingen Miracles. [B; 235. "The bottom has fallen out of the Marpingen miracles...." New York Tribune, April 7, 1879, p. 5 c. 1.]


1879 Ap. 8 / 8:30 p.m. / Small q / n. Wales / Nature 19/555. [IV; 2565. "Earthquakes." Nature, 19 (April 17, 1879): 555.]


1879 April / Bright spot west of Picard (moon) / Jour. BAA 19/376 / See '77, 1909. [IV; 2566. “Lunar Section.” Journal of the British Astronomical Association, 19 (1909): 375-380, at 376. "The existence of this craterlet at the centre of the White Spot was confirmed by Mr. J.T. Stevenson in 1879, April. He also detected a smaller spot to the north of the large one, and considered them to be connected." See: 1877 June 15, (IV; 2141), and, (1909 May 23).]


1879 Ap. 9 / th stone / See Ap. 26. / Ab 9th? / Chicago / in storm / several bushels slag or cinders / great explosion / NY Times 14-3-4. [IV; 2567. "Chicago's Celestial Visitor." New York Times, April 14, 1879, p. 3 c. 4. (Chicago Tribune, April 10? and 11, 1879.) See: 1879 Ap. 9, (IV; 2569), and, (1879 Ap. 26.)]


1879 Ap. 9 / Weston, Conn / 5 a.m. / Sound like that of a blast or report of a cannon and slight trembling of earth / Westport, Weston, etc., Conn. / NY Times 15-5-3. [IV; 2568. "An Earthquake in Connecticut." New York Times, April 15, 1879, p. 5 c. 3.]


1879 Ap. 9 / BD-69 / Chicago / In th. storm, substance like slag from a furnace / Am Jou. Sci 3-18-78. /// 18 [note cut off] / 233 / 303 / 350 / 416 / 494 // 180. [IV; 2569. T Bastin, Edson Sewell. "The Supposed Meteorite of Chicago." American Journal of Science, s. 3 v. 18 (1879): 78.]


1879 April 9 / A dark shadow reported thrown by the white spot west of Picard. W R. Birt says that so far as he knows this had never been seen before. / Astr. Reg 17/173 // Same as in E Mec / Birt tells it. [IV; 2570. Birt, William Radcliffe. "Lunar Objects Suitable for Observation in July, 1879." Astronomical Register, 17 (1879): 172-173.]


1879 Ap. 9 / White patch near Picard as a distinct white spot / J T. Stevenson, Auckland, New Zealand / E Mec 29/336 / and a shadow. [IV; 2571. "Whte Patch West of Picard and Picard A." English Mechanic, 29 (no. 742; June 13, 1879): 336.]


1879 Ap. 13 / 6:20 p.m. / Large meteor / New Caledonia / Nature 20-147. [IV; 2572. Lavard, E.L. "A Meteor and the Weather in New Caledonia." Nature, 20 (June 12, 1879): 147.]


1879 Ap. 12 / [LT], 7-e / Meteoric dust. [IV; 2573. "Meteoric Dust." London Times, April 12, 1879, p. 7 c. 5-6.]


1879 Ap. 13 / Obj like fast comet / N.J. / (D 277). **  [IV; 2574. The note copies information from page 277 of The Book of the Damned. "A Curious Astronomical Phenomenon." Scientific American, n.s., 40 (May 10, 1879): 294. Harrison, Henry. "A Curious Phenomenon." New York Tribune, April 17, 1879, p. 2 c. 3. Harrison, Henry. "The Curious Astronomical Phenom." Scientific American Supplement, 7 (no. 181; June 21, 1879): 2884-2885.]


1879 Ap. 14 / 11:15 a.m. / Norfolk, N.Y. / q / Am J Sci 3-19-296. [IV; 2575. Rockwood, Charles Greene, Jr. "Notices of Recent American Earthquakes. No. 9." American Journal of Science, s. 3 v. 19 (1880): 295-299, at 297.]


1879 Ap 16 / Heaviest fall of hail at New Orleans, except March 17, 1904, and Ap 17, 1924 / MWR 1924-205. [IV; 2576. Dyke, R.A. “Heavy Hailstorm and Local Squall at New Orleans....” Monthly Weather Review, 52 (no. 4; April 1924): 205.]


1879 Ap. 16 / evening / Village of Walterboro, S.C., blown away in a tornado / N.Y. Trib 18-1-5. [IV; 2577. "A Village Blown Away by a Tornado." New York Tribune, April 18, 1879, p. 1 c. 5.]


1879 Ap. 17 / Trib, 2-3 / Curious phe. [IV; 2578. Harrison, Henry. "A Curious Phenomeon." New York Tribune, April 17, 1879, p. 2 c. 3-4. Devoe, J. Spencer. "Was It a Nebula?" New York Tribune, April 26, 1879, p. 2 c. 6.]


1879 / ab. Ap. 20 // Fire in the "Spiritualist" Printing Office, Holburn / The Spiritualist, Ap. 25. [B; 236. “Destructive Fire at The Spiritualist Printing Office.” Spiritualist Newspaper, (London), 14 (no. 17; April 25, 1879): 203.]


1879 / Easter Sunday // Whirl / Ch-14 / France. [IV; 2579. (Ref???)]


1879 Ap 25 to May 2 / Reported shocks in the Romagna / Nature 20-134. [IV; 2580. "Notes." Nature, 20 (June 5, 1879): 133-135, at 134.]


1879 April 25 / BO / qdeluge / qs / Palazzuolo, Italy / Shocks, and whenever rain fell the shocks increased in violence. / La Nat., 12-382. [IV; 2581. "Tremblements de Terre en Italie." La Nature, 1879 pt. 1 (no. 311; May 17): 382.]


1879 Ap. 25 / Volcanic eruption about this date in a mountain, banks of Lake Balaton, Hungary. / Nature, 20-134. [IV; 2582. "Notes." Nature, 20 (June 5, 1879): 133-135, at 134. See: 1879 / ab last of May, (IV; 2622).]


1879 Ap. 25 / 8:30 p.m. / Large meteor / Westphalia / Nature 20-134. [IV; 2583. "Notes." Nature, 20 (June 5, 1879): 133-135, at 134.]


1879 Ap. 26 / Trib, 6-1 / Intra Mercurial planets. [IV; 2584. "Intra-Mercurial Planets." New York Tribune, April 26, 1879, p. 6 c. 1.]


1879 Ap. 26 / N.Y. Trib // No date given. Reported fall of slag, Boyleston, N.Y. / See Ap. 9. [IV; 2585. "An Old Hoax Recalled." New York Tribune, April 26, 1879, p. 2 c. 5. A newspaper hoax reported the fall of a massive object, sixty to eighty feet in height, had crashed near Boyleston, New York, on June 15, 1859. "Fall of an Immense Meteoric Body." Cleveland Morning Leader, (Ohio), June 18, 1859, p. 2 c. 2. "The Boyleston Meteor." Oswego Daily Palladium, June 18, 1859, p. 3 c. 3. "An Extensive Sell." Roman Citizen, (Rome, New York), June 22, 1859, p. 4 c. 2. "Particulars of the Meteoric Phenomenon in Oswego, N.Y." New Orleans Daily Crescent, June 27, 1859, p. 1 c. 3. "It turns out that the account of the Meteoric Phenomenon which was reported by the Oswego Palladium to have occurred near that city, and which we copied, was a hoax, a 'sell,' a fabrication. The Palladium, of Saturday, confesses to have stultified itself, and endeavors to construe its falsehoods as a good joke."]


1879 Ap. 29 / sunset met train / 8:37 p.m. / Sweden / met train / ab. 2 hours / Nature 20-306. [IV; 2586. "On Two Meteors Observed in Sweden in 1877." Nature, 20 (July 24, 1879): 306-307.]


1879 Ap. 29 / 2:40 p.m. / Shocks in Yorkshire. At Doncaster, alarming. / Chorley Standard, May 3. [IV; 2587. (Chorley Standard, May 3, 1879; not at BNA.)


1879 May / Burning of Russian villages / See Trib index. / May 15-1-6, etc. / See ab. May 1, etc. [IV; 2588. "Three Russian Fires." New York Tribune, May 15, 1879, p. 1 c. 6. “General Notes.” New York Tribune, June 16, 1879, p. 4 c. 6. “The Torch in Russia.” New York Tribune, July 8, 1879, p. 1 c. 5.]


1879 / before May 3 /// Luminous obj / Richmond, Ind. / See "Owls". [B; 237. See: (Owls).]


1879 May 3 / Richmond, Indiana / luminous obj / See Col. [IV; 2589. See: (Col.)]


1879 May 3 / Trib, 8-1 / Met. dust. [IV; 2590. "Meteoric Dust." New York Tribune, May 3, 1879, p. 8 c. 1. “Meteoric Dust.” London Times, April12, 1879, p. 7 c. 5-6.]


1879 May 3 / Trib, 3-5 / A nebula? [IV; 2591. "Was It a Nebula?" New York Tribune, May 3, 1879, p. 3 c. 5. See: 1879 Ap. 17, (IV; 2578).]


1879 May 3 / (Beetles and whirl) / At Cairn Baan, Argyllshire. At 1 p.m., "a whirlwind or storm [suddenly] arose, and [at once] ruffled the surface of the canal. Some persons at a distance observed a dark cloud hanging over the spot." Said that a shower of beetlesmyriads. The Entomologists' Monthly Magazine, June, 1879—Editor says they were Galeruca Capreæ. [IV; 2592.1, 2592.2. Mapleton, C.W. "Great flight of beetles." Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 16 (June, 1879): 18-19.]


1879 May 3 / Field, May 24 / Someone sent the Editor of The Field some for identification

 (fell near Oban). He says they are a Capreæ and tells of another such fall with rain in a great storm in Norway. [IV; 2593. (Field, May 24, 1879.)]


1879 May 5 / 10 a.m. / Great explosion / town of Stratford, Ontario / N.Y. Trib 6-1-3. [IV; 2594. "Great Explosion in Canada." New York Tribune, May 6, 1879, p. 1 c. 3.]


1879 May 5 / morning. / Explosion, fireworks factory, Hamilton, Ont., said due to an accident. / N.Y. Trib 6-1-3. [IV; 2595. "A Fireworks Factory Destroyed." New York Tribune, May 6, 1879, p. 1 c. 3.]


1879 May 10 / 4:45 p.m. / Iowa met / 91. [IV; 2596. This is the Estherville meteorite.]


1879 May 10 / Met—trail / (5 p.m.) / Estherville, Iowa / Part of it, weighing 500 lbs, fell on railroad land—a part, weighing 170 lbs, on a farm 2 miles away. / Observatory 3/153 / Estherville on boundary of Minnesota. / See July 13. [IV; 2597.1, 2597.2. "Fall of a Meteorite on the 10th of May, in Iowa." Observatory, 3 (1879-1880): 153-154. This is the Estherville meteorite.]


1879 May 10 / Metite / 5 p.m. / dets in A.J. Sci 3/18/186. [IV; 2598. Shepard, Charles Upham. "On the Estherville, Emmet County, Iowa, Meteorite of May 10th, 1879." American Journal of Science, s. 3 v. 18 (1879): 186-188. This is the Estherville meteorite.]


1879 May 17 / Gnadenfrei, Prussian Silesia / (F). [IV; 2599. Fletcher, 105. This is the Gnadenfrei meteorite.]


1879 // early summer /// (Dec?) / (Sounds) / Sci Amer 75-143 / Thomas O'Brien writes that early summer he had heard a deafening report in Gippsland, Australia. Thought explosion in a nearby mine, but found not. At noon 2 weeks later "by a singular coincidence, almost precisely at noon" there was a second phe like an explosion and quaking of earth. Then often in next 3 or 4 months irregular intervals, some like boom of cannon, others discharge of small arms. [IV; 2600.1, 2600.2. O'Brien, Thomas. "Barisal Guns in Gippsland, Australia." Scientific American, n.s., 75 (August 8, 1896): 143. "From the Franklin, we prospected into the wilder region of North Gippsland, but were not troubled much by any mysterious sounds until we reached Cobena Creek, where we made a camp and remained for about eight months. On a spur above one of the tributaries of this creek, which, by the way, is right in the heart of the volcanic region, with wildly picturesque scenery and steep acclivities, mountain tops strewn with huge, rugged granite masses and volcanic scoria everywhere, we found, in addition to some promising though not payable gold prospects, a very fairy land of  'barisal' guns. The reports were very seldom much louder than the 'ping' of a rifle, and never, at least during our stay in that region, followed by any symptoms of earthquake; but we heard them so often, sometimes twice or thrice in quick succession, and from such unlooked for places, that a superstitious man would certainly think them uncanny, and a timorous one, who knew the sound of a rifle, would as surely duck his head."]


1879 May 15 / [W]heel / (D-264) / Persian Gulf. [IV; 2601. The note copies information from page 264 of The Book of the Damned. "Report of an Unusual Phenomenon Observed at Sea." Nature, 20 (July 24, 1879): 291.]


1879 May 15 / A waterspout burst upon part of Louisville, Ky., and caused great damage. / N.Y. Trib 16-1-6. [IV; 2602. "A Waterspout in Kentucky." New York Tribune, May 16, 1879, p. 1 c. 6.]


1879 May 16 / Upon 16th, Vesuvius had been in state of agitation but the eruption slight. / N.Y. Trib 17-1-6. [IV; 2603. "Eruption of Vesuvius." New York Tribune, May 17, 1879, p. 1 c. 6.]


1879 May 17 / q. / Mexico / BA '11. [IV; 2604. Milne, 727.]


1879 May 17 / Meteoric dust at Palermo / Grayish red dust—granules of meteoric iron in it—but Prof Tacchini decided it had come from the Sahara. / Sci Gos 1881/154. [IV; 2605. “Recent Researches on the Meteoric Dust of the Scirocco.” Science Gossip, 17 (1881): 154. Tacchini, Pietro; Macagno, Ippolito; and, Riccò, Annibale. “Sulle Polveri Meteoriche di Scirocco Raccolte in Italia e Segnatamente in Sicilia.” Annali dell’Ufficio Centrale di Meteorologia Italiana, s. 2 v. 1 (1879, pt. 1): 63-115.]


1879 May 21 / ab. noon / Slight shock / Hastings / Nature 20-161. [IV; 2606. "Notes." Nature, 20 (June 12, 1879): 159-161, at 161.]


1879 May 24 / Trib, 6-3 / A lost planet. [IV; 2607. "A New Nebula and a Lost Planet." New York Tribune, May 24, 1879, p. 6 c. 3. The minor planet 153 Hilda, (which is locked in orbital resonance with Jupiter), had been lost. Ledger, Edmund. The Sun: Its Planets and Their Satellites. London: Edward Stanford, 1882, 273. "After its discovery by Dr. Palisa in 1875, its orbit was calculated. But no success attended the many attempts which were made to see it again, and it was almost given up as lost; until Dr. Palisa himself detected it once more in 1879, at a distance of several degrees from its calculated place; a discrepancy which may be chiefly attributed to the perturbing effect of Jupiter's potent attraction."]


1879 May 25 to June 1 / Bellowing sounds from Etna / 27th, rain, ashes / 29th, ice in / Nature 20/159. [IV; 2608. Rodwell, George Farrer. "The Eruption of Etna." Nature, 20 (June 12, 1879): 158-159. There is no mention of "ice" in this article.]


1879 May 26 / Etna eruption / Mt. split a distance of 6 miles. / M. Post, July 21. [IV; 2609. "The Recent Eruption of Etna." London Morning Post, July 21, 1879, p. 3 c. 4.]


1879 May 26 / (+) / Etna begins. / Sc A. Sup 9/3704 // J. F Inst 3/81/274 // CR 89-34 / on 27 and 28. [IV; 2610. "Volcanic Phenomena and Earthquakes." Scientific American Supplement, 9 (no. 233; June 19, 1880): 3704. “Novel Volcanic Phenomenon.” Journal of the Franklin Institute, s. 3 v. 81 (1881): 274. Fouqué. "Sur la récente éruption de l'Etna." Comptes Rendus, 89 (1879): 33-35, at 34.]


1879 May 27, etc. / Etna / C.R. 89-37. [IV; 2611. Saussure, H. de. "Sur la récente éruption de l'Etna." Comptes Rendus, 89 (1879): 35-41, at 37.]


1879 May 28 / N.Y. Trib, 5-1 / Some Esther Cox details. [B; 238. "The spirits are still skylarking in the house of Esther Cox...." New York Tribune, May 28, 1879, p. 5 c. 1.]


1879 May 28-30 / Etna increase in violence / N.Y. Trib 31-1-3. [IV; 2612. "The Mount Ætna Eruption." New York Tribune, May 31, 1879, p. 1 c. 3.]


1879 May 29 and 30 / 3 tornadoes in U.S. [IV; 2613. Finley, 8.]


1879 May 29 / [LT], 5-d / q. / Reggio. [IV; 2614. "Italy." London Times, May 29, 1879, p. 5 c. 4.]


1879 May 29, 30 / Tornadoes of May 29, 30, in Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, Iowa / Rept by Sergeant J.P. Finley / U.S. Signal Service, Prof Paper 7 / PRS/+ / many details. [IV; 2615. Finley, 8. Nothing is listed for Nebraska on these dates.]


1879 May 29 / Severe shock / Costa Rica / Nature 20-182. [IV; 2616. "Notes." Nature, 20 (June 19, 1879): 182-184, at 182.]


1879 May 30 / Tornado / Nebraska, Kansas, Missouri / N.Y. Trib, June 2-1-4. [IV; 2617. "Terrific Tornadoes." New York Tribune, June 2, 1879, p. 1 c. 4.]


1879 May 29 / (10?) / Iowa / met. trail. / Sc Am 40/36. [IV; 2618. "A Curious Meteor." Scientific American, n.s., 40 (June 21, 1879): 390. This is the Estherville meteorite, (which fell on May 10, 1879). See: 1879 May 10, (IV: 2596 to 2598).]


1879 May 30 and 31 / Submarine eruption off Iceland / Smithson. Inst Rept 1885/512. [IV; 2619. "Volcanic Eruptions and Earthquakes in Iceland within Historic Times." Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian, 1885, 495-541, at 512. The Reykjanes volcano.]


1879 May 30 / q and rain / MWR, June / Severe q, Costa Rica. At Puntarenas, occurred during a severe thunderstorm. [IV; 2620. “Miscellaneous Phenomena.” Monthly Weather Review, 7 (no. 6; June, 1879): 11-12, at 12.]


1879 / end of May // Violent volc. eruption / Iceland / Nature 20-435. [IV; 2621. "Notes." Nature, 20 (September 4, 1879): 434-436, at 435. The Reykjanes volcano.]


1879 / ab last of May // A mountain peak in Lake Balaton, not been volcanic in historic times, began to smoke. / LT, May 30-5-d. [IV; 2622. "Miscellaneous Foreign News." London Times, May 30, 1879, p. 5 c. 4. "Notes." Nature, 20 (June 5, 1879): 133-135, at 134. A volcanic eruption of the Csobánc hill, (a monadnock overlooking Lake Balaton), was said to coincide with the eruption of Etna.]


1879 /last of May // 2 showers of dust at Reggio. In Paris, Prof de Rossi found, by microscopic examination, that it had come from Etna. / LT, June 3-5-c. [IV; 2623. "Miscellaneous Foreign News." London Times, June 3, 1879, p. 5 c. 3.]


1879 May 31 / NY Times, 4-6 / June 3-4-7 // Etna / Ed. [IV; 2624. "A Double Volcanic Eruption." New York Times, May 31, 1879, p. 1 c. 5-6. "In passing through the Straits of Messina...." New York Times, May 31, 1879, p. 4 c. 6. "The Eruption of Mount Etna." New York Times, June 3, 1879, p. 1 c. 5. "The eruption now in progress at Mount Etna...." New York Times, June 3, 1879, p. 4 c. 7.]


1879 May 31 / Trib, 1-3 / June 5-4-5 (Ed) // Etna. [IV; 2625. "The Mount Ætna Eruption." New York Tribune, May 31, 1879, p. 1 c. 3. "Etna." New York Tribune, June 5, 1879, p. 4 c. 5.)]


1879 June 4 / Etna continuing without interruption. / N.Y. Trib, 5-1-6. [IV; 2626. “Mount Etna Still in Eruption.” New York Tribune, June 5, 1879, p. 1 c. 6.]


1879 June 5 / [LT], 6-d / Distribution of seeds. [IV; 2627. "The Distribution of Seeds." London Times, June 5, 1879, p. 6 c. 4.]


1879 June 5 / q. / Java / I / BA '11. [IV; 2628. Milne, 727.]


1879 June 6 / Snow in Vt. Frost reported Mich. and N. Hampshire. / Trib 9-1-5. [IV; 2629. “Snow and Frost in June.” New York Tribune, June 9, 1879, p. 1 c. 5. Snow and frost were reported in Wisconsin, Vermont, and New Hampshire, (but not reported, here, in Michigan).]


1879 June 7 / 9:30 p.m. / Bolide / C.R. 88-1319. [IV; 2630. Oltramare, G. "Explication du bolide de Genève du 7 juin 1879." Comptes Rendus, 88 (1879): 1319-1321.]


1879 June 7 / (It) / Det and stones? / ab. 10 p.. / Switzerland and Italy / Report heard Valaisian Alps and in Lombardy. "An aerolite(?) fell at the same time in Lake Lugano." / BA 79-106. [IV; 2631. (BA 79-106-107.) "Notes." Nature, 20 (June 19, 1879): 182-184, at 183. "A similar report was heard in the Valaisian Alps, and almost at the same time, according to the Gazette de Lausanne, a shower of aerolites fell into Lake Lugano, near Melide, causing violent undulations, and nearly overturning the boats of several fishermen who were returning to port."]


1879 June 7 / 9:30 p.m. / At Geneva, meteor size of full moon / LT 13-5-d. [IV; 2632. "Switzerland." London Times, June 13, 1879, p. 5 c. 4.]


1879 June 7 / Switzerland and (Melide) / The meteor also in Lombardy. Said stones fell in Lake Lugano near Melide, casting waves so as almost overturn boats. / LT 18-5-c / With a detonation heard both sides of the Alps near Melide, the stones fell in Lake Lugano (19-12-b). [IV; 2633.1, 2633.2. "Switzerland." London Times, June 18, 1879, p. 5 c. 3. "A Meteor's Flight." London Times, June 19, 1879, p. 12 c. 2. Fort's original note may have written "Melida," (the island of Mljet, on the Adriatic coast of Croatia, where detonations were heard in 1822); but, this "Melide" is a village on the shore of Lake Lugano, in Switzerland.]


1879 June 8, 10-11 / and 10th or 11th also // See June 23. / Yellow substance said been pine pollen / Eton and Windsor and Carlow, Ireland / Nature 201-95. [IV; 2634. Carpenter, Philip Herbert. "Pine-Pollen mistaken for Flowers of Sulphur." Nature, 20 (June 26, 1879): 195-196.]


1879 June 8 / Windsor / Yellow substance in a sharp shower at 6 p.m. Cor sends sketches of—p.238, cor says friend of his had seen more, end of June, in Windsor, pollen grains of which it was composed. Fell at Eton, Slough and Frogmore. / Sc Gos., 15-187. [IV; 2635. Wheeler, H.G. “Shower of Pollen.” Science Gossip, 15 (no. 176; 1879): 187.]


1879 June 8 / (Pollen) / Eton and Windsor / pollen like Ap., 1872 / Coincides with Etna. / Nature 20/195 / That a chemist did say was sulphur. [IV; 2636. Carpenter, Philip Herbert. "Pine-Pollen mistaken for Flowers of Sulphur." Nature, 20 (June 26, 1879): 195-196. Its coincidence with Etna's eruption is Fort's observation. See: 1872 Ap 18, 19, 20, (IV; 759), and, 1872 Ap 18, etc., (IV; 760).]


1879 June 10 / Trib, 4-4 / Celestial conjunctions / Ed. [IV; 2637. “Celestial Conjunctions.” New York Tribune, June 10, 1879, p. 4 c. 4-5.]


1879 June 11 / 10 p.m. / Montreal / Heavy shock / N.Y. Trib., 12-1-5. [IV; 2638. “Earthquake in Canada.” New York Tribune, June 12, 1879, p. 1 c. 5.]


1879 June 11 / Slight eruption of Vesuvius begun and increased. / P. Mall. Gaz 12-5-1. [IV; 2639. “Summary of This Morning's News.” Pall Mall Gazette, June 12, 1879, p. 5 c. 1.]


1879 June 13 / Spiritualist of / Esther Cox. [B; 239. (Spiritualist Newspaper, (London), 14 (no. 24; June 13, 1879); no legible article found here.)]


1879 June 17 / Shocks at Messina. Etna still active. / N.Y. Trib 18-1-6. [IV; 2640. “Earthquake Shocks in Messina.” New York Tribune, June 18, 1879, p. 1 c. 6.]


1879 June 19 / Slight shocks to July 1st / See. / China. [IV; 2641. (Refs??? Milne, 727. Milne has “June 29-July 1.”)]


1879 June 21 / 8:55 a.m. // 22 / 1:42 a.m. // Violent shocks / Agram / Nature 20-256. [IV; 2642. "Notes." Nature, 20 (July 10, 1879): 254-256, at 256.]


1879 June 23 / Murder of Mrs Hull, a spiritualist, at Boston. Murderer caught and confessed. / The Spiritualist, July 18, p. 35. [B; 240. “Murder of Mrs. Hull.” Spiritualist Newspaper, (London), 15 (no. 3; July 18, 1879): 35-36.]


1879 June 23 / Scotland / at Gifford, Haddingtonshire / powdery substance resembling sulphur / said be pine pollen / Nature 20-267. [IV; 2643. Wilson, Andrew. "Pine Pollen and Sulphur." Nature, 20 (July 17, 1879): 266-267.]


1879 June 23 / Gifford, Haddingtonshire, Scotland / yellow substance said been pine pollen / See June 8. / Nature 20-266. [IV; 2644. Wilson, Andrew. "Pine Pollen and Sulphur." Nature, 20 (July 17, 1879): 266-267. See: 1879 June 8, 10-11, (IV; 2634), and, 1879 June 8, (IV: 2635 & 2636).]


1879 June 28 / Paris / Cup—woman drinking from—disap by lightning. [B; 241. "Notes." Nature, 20 (July 3, 1879): 231-233, at 231.]


1879 June 28 / BO / Th. storm at Paris. Cup of milk dashed from a woman's hand by lightning, and could not be found. / Nature 20-231. [B; 242. "Notes." Nature, 20 (July 3, 1879): 231-233, at 231.]


1879 June 29 to middle of Aug. / q's / China / great jets of water up from ground / Pop. Sci Mo 17-713 / other cases this year, somewhere. [IV; 2645. "Volcanic Eruption and Earthquakes in 1879." Popular Science Monthly, 17 (September 1880): 713-714. "Violent earthquakes began in a part of China on the 29th of June, extended over thirty districts, and the shocks were repeated till the middle of August, with the loss of many hundred lives. These earthquakes were marked by great jets of water spouting up through the opened ground. Several other earthquakes of the year were accompanied by the phenomena of fountains, as in Bessarabia in May, and one on the lower Danube in October."]


1879 June 30 / Conj / Mars and Saturn / Astro Reg 17/146. [IV; 2646. "Astronomical Occurrences for June, 1879." Astronomical Register, 17 (June 1879): 146-147, at 147.]


1879 June 30 / Mars and Saturn so close together as to look like one / L.T., June 30, 1879. [IV; 2647. "Close Approach of Two Planets." London Times, June 30, 1879, p. 9 c. 1-2.]


[1879 June 30 /] 1880 June 30 / Carbon / Argentine / (D-75). [V; 205. The note copies information from page 75 of The Book of the Damned. "A Carbonaceous Meteorite." Knowledge, o.s., 4 (August 31, 1883): 134. "A Carbonaceous Meteorite." Engineering, (London), 36 (July 13, 1883): 44. Daubrée, Gabriel Auguste. "Météorite charbonneuse tombée le 30 juin 1880, dans la républic Argentine, non loin de Nogoga (province d'Entre-rios)." Comptes Rendus, 96 (1883): 1764-1776. This is the Nagoya meteorite.]


1879 / end of June // See June 8. [IV; 2648. See: 1879 June 8, 10-11, (IV; 2634), and, 1879 June 8, (IV: 2635 & 2636).]


1879 Ap. 26-30 / The Vanessa in Spain / Entomologists' Monthly Mag., August, p. 49. [IV; 2649. McLachlan, Robert. “The Recent Abundance of Venssa Cardui.” Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 16 (August 1879): 49-51.]


1879 May 2 / Along coast at Cannes thousands of painted lady / LT, Aug 23. [IV; 2650. "Butterflies." London Times, August 23, 1879, p. 12 c. 6.]


1879 May 10 / Swarm p. lady / Mentone / L.T., Aug 23-12-f. [IV; 2651. "Butterflies." London Times, August 23, 1879, p. 12 c. 6.]


1879 May 21 / But see May 2. [IV; 2652. See: 1879 May 2, (IV; 2650).]


1879 May 21 / near Digne, Basses-Alps / 1st ob. on the Vanessa / Le Naturaliste 1/149. [IV; 2653. Bellier de La Chavignerie, Émile. “Notes sur les Migrations de Papillons en 1879.” Le Naturaliste, 1 (no. 19; January 1, 1880): 149-150.]


1879 May 31 / The first ob on the Vanessa / at sea between Marseilles and Toulon / La Nat 1879/2/130. [IV; 2654.  "La Migration de Papillons du Mois de Juin 1879." La Nature, 1879 pt. 2 (nos. 318 & 321; July 5 & July 26): 65-66, 129-130, at 130.]


1879 June / B. flies and moths / See birds and moths, Oct 25, 1872. [IV; 2655. See: 1872 Oct 25, (IV; 1002).]


1879 June / A flight of the rare C. Beauty found dead off coast of England, summer of 1819. [IV; 2656. See: 1819 summer, (I; 711).]


1879 June / Vanessa / See March early, 1826. [IV; 2657. See: 1826 March, end of, (I; 1241).]


1879 June / Invasion b. flies. This in a remarkably wet summer. Also in 1903—remarkably wet. So says a cor to Field, June 5, 1920. [IV; 2658. (Field, June 5, 1920.)]


1879 June / P. ladies / See Sept 20, 1903. [IV; 2659. See: 1903 Sept 20-21, (VIII; 1979).]


1879 June / Migrations of P. Lady / Nature 118-118, 191. [IV; 2660. Williams, Carrington Bonsor. “Migrations of Butterflies.” Nature,  118 (July 14, 1926): 118-119. Cramer, Frank. “Butterfly Migration.” Nature, 118 (August 7, 1916): 191-192.]


1879 June / Migrations of P. Lady / Nature 115-535. [IV; 2661. Williams, Carrington Bonsor. “The Migrations of the Painted Lady Butterfly.” Nature,  115 (April 11, 1925): 535-537.]


1879 June / Migration of the rare butterfly. Clouded yellow. May, 1877. [IV; 2662. See: 1877 May, (IV; 2065).]


1879 June  Vanessa in Switzerland / June, 1826. [IV; 2663. See: 1826 June, (I; 1258).]


1879 June / Vanessa and P. gamma / Sept 23, 1903. [IV; 2664. See: (1903 Sept 23).]


1879 June / Vanessa and P. Gamma / summer, 1888. [IV; 2665. See: 1888 // summer, (VI; 1366).]


1879 June / Vanessa and P. gamma / May 24, 1892. [IV; 2666. See: 1892 May 24, (VII; 501).]


1879 June / Vanessa and P. gamma / Sept., 1903. [IV; 2667. See: (1903 Sept).]


1879 June / P. Ladies / See June 8, 1828. [IV; 2668. See: 1828 June 8 or 10, (I; 1397).]


1879 June / Vanessa and Plusia / Sept 23, 1903 / and see before. [IV; 2669. See: (1903 Sept 23).]


1879 June / Vanessa and beetles, etc. / See July 10, etc., 1907. [IV; 2670. See: 1907 July 10, (IX; 791).]


1879 June / Vanessa and Plusia Gamma / See May 24, 1892. [IV; 2671. See: 1892 May 24, (VII; 501).]


1879 June / That the Vanessa in Dorset, summer of 1877, in great profusion / Field, July 13, 1879. [IV; 2672. (Field, July 13, 1879.)]


1879 June and Aug. 14 / The two invasions by Painted Ladies in Wales / Field, Aug 30. [IV; 2673. (Field, August 30, 1879.)]


1879 June / P. Lady migration / California / March 25, 1926. [IV; 2674. See: (1926 March 25).]


1879 June / Article on P. Lady / N.Y. Trib, 1902, July 27 (S)-15-4. [IV; 2675. “In Butterfly Land.” New York Tribune, July 27, 1902, "Illustrated Supplement," p. 15 c. 4.]


[1879 June 7 /] 1879 June 1 / Switzerland / the Canton of Zurich / The Vanessas / Nature 20/183. [IV; 2676. "Notes." Nature, 20 (June 19, 1879): 182-184, at 183. The correct date was June 7. "Notes." Nature, 20 (July 10, 1879): 254-256, at 255. The butterflies are identified as Vanessa cardui.]


[1879 June 7 /] 1879 June 1 / Migration of p. ladies / See June 8, 1827. [IV; 2677. See: 1827 June 8 or 10, (I; 1326).]


1879 June 14 / not Vanessa? / Coast of France near Marseilles covered with butterflies said to have come from Italy and Spain. "A cloud of white and yellow butterflies passed that day," (14th). / (In Le Naturaliste, the yellow and white swarm is mentioned.) / Near the Montelimar station, the passage lasting 50 minutes, while stragglers followed for another half hour. / L.T. 19-7-b / Said that gales and th. storms had occurred simultaneously with these flights. [IV; 2678.1, 2678.2. "France." London Times, June 19, 1879, p. 7 c. 2. “Migration de Papillons.” Le Naturaliste, 1 (no. 7; July 1, 1880): 52-54. Gilnicki, Henri. “Migration de Papillons.” Le Naturaliste, 1 (no. 9; August 1, 1880): 69-70.]


[The following nine notes were clipped together by Fort. IV: 2679/2687.]


1879 June / Vanessa—brown and orange / Plusia grayish and a silver Y-mark each fore-wing. [IV; 2679.]


1879 June / All summer, writer of Report upon Entomological Obs for 1879, Qua Jou Met. Soc, 1880, saw Sept 20, only one specimen of Colias Edusa. [IV; 2680. Griffith, Charles H. “Report on the Entomological Observations." Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 6 (1880): 21-23, at 22.]


1879 June 7, etc. / Can't do much with this—reserve for Aug 12. /// To March 5 // ab 2[note cut off. 3[note cut off]. [IV; 2681.]


1879 June 19 / [LT], 7-e and d. [IV; 2682. “Miscellaneous Foreign News.” London Times, June 19, 1879, p. 7 c. 4. “A swarm of butterflies passed over Worms on the 13th and 14th, proceeding from the north-west to south-east.”]


1879 June / That the Vanessa "sail" / Ent. Mo. Mag 2/15/61. [IV; 2683. Barrett, James M. “Vanessa cardui in great numbers near Hunstanton.” Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 40 (s. 2 v. 15; March 1904): 61-62.]


1879 June / Vanessa and scarcity of Edusa Cardui / See Sept., 1903. [IV; 2684. See: (1903 Sept.).]


1879 June / The Vanessa / I make it that the first column arrived May 21 at the mountain—Then others were zigzannng all directions. [IV; 2685.]


1879 June / Great numbers of the Painted Lady in France, especially in Mayenne, in 1877 / Le Naturaliste 1/53. [IV; 2686. “Migration de Papillons.” Le Naturaliste, 1 (no. 7; July 1, 1880): 52-54, at 53.]


1879 June 20 / The Vanessas reached Switzerland. / La Nat 1879/2/129. [IV; 2687. "La Migration de Papillons du Mois de Juin 1879." La Nature, 1879 pt. 2 (nos. 318 & 321; July 5 & July 26): 65-66, 129-130, at 130.]


[The following eighteen notes were clipped together by Fort. IV: 2688-2705.]


1879 June / Butterflies in 1892 not been seen since 1877. [IV; 2688.]


1879 June / Locusts in Russia at Elisabetpol so thick swarmed upon a body of marching soldiers who broke ranks and retreated. / Nature 20-208. [IV; 2689. "Notes." Nature, 20 (June 26, 1879): 206-209, at 208. Elisabetpol is now identified as Ganja, Azerbaijan.]


1879 // det / L.T., Aug 23 / Pines at the foot of snow-covered mt. The butterflies emerging from the pines. [IV; 2690. "Butterflies." London Times, August 23, 1879, p. 12 c. 6.]


1879 June / Butterflies / Plan / Do what can with June butterfly origin, but see Aug 12—coast of France and coast of Eng. and no earthly origin. [IV; 2691.]


1879 / early in June // Pollen / Extensive fall of pollen or sulphur near Carlow, Ireland / Nature 20-195. [IV; 2692. Carpenter, Philip Herbert. "Pine-Pollen mistaken for Flowers of Sulphur." Nature, 20 (June 26, 1879): 195-196.]


1879 June / Painted Lady / See July 5, 1846.  [IV; 2693. See: 1846 July 5, (II: 992 and 993).]


1879 June / Someone who had read of the swarms reports having seen the species in considerable abundance in Hawaii, from Feb to July, though 3 years preceding, [a]nd never noticed it. / Ent. Monthly Mag., 16/161. [IV; 2694. Blackburn, T. “Vanessa cardui in Hawaii.” Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 16 (December 1879): 161.]


[The following two notes were folded together by Fort. IV: 2695-2696.]


1879 June 6 / Vanessa / In the Entomologist's Mo. Mag (Dec., 1884, 21-159), a cor who seems not to have heard of the invasion writes that in June, 1879, on the 6th, as far as he could remember, on board a steamship, in the St. George Channel, a number of insects, Vaneesa Cardui, and Plusia Gamma, and others alighted on the vessel or flew around it. He says there was little wind and it was a migration to or from Ireland. [IV; 2695.1, 2695.2. Cockerell, Theodore Dru Alison. “Migration of Insects.” Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 21 (December 1884): 159.]


1879 June / Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, August, p. 49 / Vanessa reported first in Spain, Ap 26-30. / Island of Minorca, May 1-3. Said that in Geneva the swarm obscured the sun several minutes—Said that migration of this butterfly before had been noted "but never before have the swarms been so general, and of such extent." The writer can not explain but thinks that all the swarms consisted of individuals that had hibernated. [IV; 2696.1, 2696.2. McLachlan, Robert. “The Recent Abundance of Venssa Cardui.” Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 16 (August 1879): 49-51.]


1879 June / Det—all in a swarm going so purposefully in one direction frequently against wind. But there were other bands going so directly in some other directions. So no goal. [IV; 2697.]


1879 June 6 / Painted ladies and gamma flying over the snow at Splugen in the Alps. / L.T. 23-12-f. [IV; 2698. "Butterflies." London Times, August 23, 1879, p. 12 c. 6.]


1879 June / Plusia gamma is gray. One of the few day-flying moths. [IV; 2699.]


1879 June 7 / At Bischeim column from the S.W.—at Kehl from the S.E. Sp different columns. / Zoologist 3/19/339. /// [note cut off]92 / Butterflies—Mar[note cut off]. [IV; 2700. Harting, James Edmund Fotheringham. "The Migration of Butterflies." Zoologist, s. 3 v. 19 (1895): 335-346, at 338-339.]


1879 June / 2—Turin / 2-9—Switzerland / 5-10—Alsace, France, Sp[ain]. / 11-21—Wurtenburg // Nature 20/255. / Vanessa cardui. / La Nature 1879/2/46, 65, 129. [IV; 2701. "Notes." Nature, 20 (July 10, 1879): 254-256, at 255. "Curieuse migration de papillons." La Nature, 1879 pt. 2 (nos. 316; June 21): 46. "La Migration de Papillons du Mois de Juin 1879." La Nature, 1879 pt. 2 (nos. 318 & 321; July 5 & July 26): 65-66, 129-130.]


1879 // Summer /// after the butterflies / Rouen / bees / enormous numbers / some into houses and human beings leaving. / La Nat., 1879-2-290. [IV; 2702. "Invasion d'abeilles." La Nature, 1879 pt. 2 (no. 331; October 4): 290.]


1879 June 7 / Immense flight of butterflies at Zurich, Switzerland. / See other note. [IV; 2703. See: (other note).]


1879 June 9 / See June 9, 1835 or 1855. [IV; 2704. (No notes for these dates.)]


1879 (June) / Ac to Dr. Kraus, of Stuttgart / June 2—Turin and Switzerland / 5 to 10—Alsace, France, Spain. / 11-21—Wurtenburg / L.T., July 7-8-c. [IV; 2705. "Miscellaneous Foreign News." London Times, July 7, 1879, p. 8 c. 3-4.]


[The following eleven notes were clipped together by Fort. IV: 2706 to 2716.]


1879 June 8 / Biesheim, Alsace / Red tinged with gray—the butterflies so numerous they shut out sunlight. / Nature 20/183. [IV; 2706. "Notes." Nature, 20 (June 19, 1879): 182-184, at 183.]


1879 June 9 / Coast of Bournemouth / dead butterflies (Vanessa) in foam cast up by the tide / LT, Aug 23-12-f. [IV; 2707. "Butterflies." London Times, August 23, 1879, p. 12 c. 6.]


1879 June 9 / Switzerland / Vanessa / dif places / passage from 1 to 4 hours / Nature 20-197. [IV; 2708. Forel, François-Alphonse. "Butterfly Swarms." Nature, 20 (June 26, 1879): 197.]


1879 June 10 / June 10, 1828 / Switzerland, etc. / flight of Painted Lady or Vanessa Cardui / Mag of Nat Hist 1-387. [IV; 2709. “Migration of Butterflies.” Magazine of Natural History, 1 (November 1828): 387-388. See: 1828 June 8 or 10, (I; 1397).]


1879 June 10 / Rennes, France / and other places / remarkable migration of moths—at night—"Plusia Gamma / La Nat 1879/2/129. [IV; 2710. "La Migration de Papillons du Mois de Juin 1879." La Nature, 1879 pt. 2 (nos. 318 & 321; July 5 & July 26): 65-66, 129-130, at 129.]


1879 June 11 / Nancy / great cloud butterflies / Vanessa cardui / La Nat 1879/2/46 / Traced back to June 2 in Switzerland and Spain / La Nat—p. 65. [IV; 2711. "Curieuse migration de papillons." La Nature, 1879 pt. 2 (nos. 316; June 21): 46. "La Migration de Papillons du Mois de Juin 1879." La Nature, 1879 pt. 2 (nos. 318 & 321; July 5 & July 26): 65-66, 129-130, at 130.]


1879 June 13 and 14 / Butterflies over Worms, flying from N.W. to S.E. / L.T. 19-7-d. [IV; 2712. "Miscellaneous Foreign News." London Times, June 19, 1879, p. 7 c. 4.]


1879 June / Painted Ladies sometimes soaring without flapping wings, a habit not often noticed in butterflies. / Zoologist 4/12/11 / Contrasting with the confusion of plusia. [IV; 2713. Adams, Lionel E. “Swarms of Insects, &c., in the Crimea.” Zoologist, s. 4 v. 12 (1908): 9-12, at 11.]


1879 June / Vanessa in Belgium—Here it was thought that they had come from England. / Ent Mo. Mag. 2/11/225. [IV; 2714. "Abstract of an Article by Mons. A. Lancaster on Migrations of Libellula Quadrimaculata in Belgium in June, 1900." Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 36 (s. 2 v. 11; October 1900): 222-226, at 225. "Les passages de Libellules du commencement de juin 1900." Ciel et Terre, 21 (1900-1901): 247-270, at 258.]


1879 June 14 / Switzerland / Canton Zurich invaded / "Cynthia Cardui" / a column a kilometre wide—took 2 hours to pass. / Entomologist 12-180. [IV; 2715. Slater, J.W. “A Cloud of Butterflies.” Entomologist, 12 (July 1879): 180.]


1879 June 13 / Painted Lady in North Lincolnshire / Field, June 28. [IV; 2716. (Field, June 28, 1879.)]


1879 June 15 / N / Suburbs of Paris, from morning till night Belle-Dame, all flying N.N.W. / Le Naturaliste 1/52 / one report / In Alsace, from 3rd to 8th, an incessant paid passage. / Reported from Siciliy. Another report from Alsace—June 10 and 12, clouds of them at times obscuring the sun, all flying northward. On 10th, at Angers, all morning and part of afternoon, from east to west. At Rennes, on 10th, Vanessa, Plusia gamma, all flying northward. // p. 69 / Reported from Algiers and Italy in April but nothing said of numbers and may have been the normal number and the great invasion of first of June is not traced. The Gammas not mentioned for April. // p. 77—at Ria (Pyrénées Orientales), 26 and 27th of May. /  June 25, at Lyons, vegetation covered with their caterpillars. // Le Naturaliste, Jan 1, 1880, cor writes that he had been in the Basse-Alpes near Digne. On May 21, on the mountain Notre Dame, he had found himself in midst of a prodigious number of Vanessa Cardui. He was in the midst of a migration. This mt. and this date is the earliest I have. // (+) / Le Naturaliste, June 1, 1880—cor writes that he had been in Algeria at the time mentioned (April) and he had seen Vanessa and also Plusia Gamma in great abundance but he had seen nothing of a migration. [IV; 2717.1 to 2717.7. “Migration de Papillons.” Le Naturaliste, 1 (no. 7; July 1, 1880): 52-54. Gilnicki, Henri. “Migration de Papillons.” Le Naturaliste, 1 (no. 9; August 1, 1880): 69-70. Xambru. “Au Sujet de l'Apparition en France de la Vanesse Belle Dame.” Le Naturaliste, 1 (no. 10; August 15, 1879): 76-77. Bellier de La Chavignerie, Émile. “Notes sur les Migrations de Papillons en 1879.” Le Naturaliste, 1 (no. 19; January 1, 1880): 149-150. “Nouvelles et Renseignements.” Le Naturaliste, 1 (no. 29; June 1, 1880): 225-226, at 226.]


[The fourteen notes were clipped together by Fort. IV: 2718-2731.]


1879 Aug 10 / Return of Plus. G to Jupiter (?) / In all notes upon these migrations and other migrations the insects flying horizontally a few yards from the ground. In Ent Mo Mag 21-209, Richard South tells of a flight such as may have been back to some other world or a renewed impulse such as first brought them here—near Ventner, Isle of Wight, Aug 10. He saw a moth (P. Gamma) soaring upward. He saw others, then great numbers starting upward, all flying upward until lost to sight in twilight. [IV; 2718.1, 2718.2. South, Richard. “Insect Migration.” Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 21 (February 1885): 208-211, at 209-210.]


1879 Aug 12 / Hordes of Vand Gamma at Dieppe and dead on the beach / Nature 20/431. [IV; 2719. Pycroft, Edith. "Insect Swarms." Nature, 20 (September 4, 1879): 431.]


1879 Aug 12 / Teignmouth and Dieppe are 200 miles apart. [IV; 2720.]


1879 Aug 12 / morning / Sudden appearance at Teignmouth, of myriads of Plusia gamma moths / Ent. Monthly Mag. 16-196. [IV; 2721. Jordan, R.C.R. “Irruption of Vanessa Cardui and Plusia Gamma into Devonshire.” Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 16 (February 1880): 196-197.]


1879 Aug 12 / On beach near Exeter—great number of P. gamma close to the water—many were dead—others alive and trying to flutter inland but very weak. Farther inland many V's. / Nature 20/431. [IV; 2722. Pycroft, Edith. "Insect Swarms." Nature, 20 (September 4, 1879): 431.]


1879 Aug 12-13 / Trouville, Calvados, France, 7:30 a.m. (12th) till noon (13th), coming in from the sea, great numbers of the V. cardui high in the air, hordes of P. gamma lower down. All settling upon flowers, the fussy moths greatly disturbing the sedate butterflies—smooth flying Vs and erratic gammas. Cor estimates that in 13 hours on 12th, 8,000,000 Gammas passed from sea to land. Where did they come from? he asks, and was the flight noticed in England? Many dead ones—he thinks died of starvation, exhausted—settled on bathers. [IV; 2723.1, 2723.2, 2723.3. Hawkshaw, John Clarke. “Insect-Swarms.” Nature, 20 (August 28, 1879): 426-427.]


1879 Aug 12-13 / Trouville / Read again for details of their exhaustion, etc. [IV; 2724. Hawkshaw, John Clarke. “Insect-Swarms.” Nature, 20 (August 28, 1879): 426-427.]


1879 Aug. 13 / Near Exmouth, S. Devon coast, "enormous multitude" of V's and Gammas, by another cor. / Nature 20-455. [IV; 2725. Hincks, Thomas. "Insect Swarms." Nature, 20 (September 11, 1879): 455-456.]


1879 Aug / The Gamma at Eastbourne / "Prodigious quantities; their number was legion." / Field, Aug 30. [IV; 2726. (Field, August 30, 1879.)]


1879 Aug / The Gamma moth / Appeared in "countless thousands" on the S.E. coast of the Isle of Wight. / The Field, Aug 23/253. [IV; 2727. (Field, August 23, 1879, p. 253.)]


1879 Aug 14 / Trib, 8-2 / Explosions / Mysterious explosions. [B; 243. “Mysterious Explosions.” New York Tribune, August 14, 1879, p. 8 c. 2. Explosions at a candy factory and at a flour mill were explained as probably caused by dust explosions.]


1879 Aug 14 / Vanessa reappeared in great numbers in n. Wales. / Field, Aug 30-287 / Ab 170 miles north of Teignmouth. [IV; 2728. (Field, August 30, 1879, p. 287.)]


1879 Aug 16 / Coast of Essex infested with moths of Plusia gamma in "numbers that almost pass description". More than 200 miles from Teignmouth (ab same distance from N. Wales) / Entomologist 12/223. [IV; 2729. Carrington, John T. “Profusion of Plusia Gamma.” Entomologist, 12 (September 1879): 223.]


1879 June and Aug / Point is not a periodicity in Vanessa, because Gamma, too. [IV; 2730.]


1879 Aug 14 / A humming bird sphinx and the Painted Ladies appear at Shifnal. / Symons Met Mag 14/135. [IV; 2731. "Meteorological Notes on August." Symons's Meteorological Magazine, 14 (September 1879): 135-136. "A hummingbird sphinx seen on 5th."]


[The following three notes were clipped together by Fort. IV: 2732-2734.]


1879 / before mid of Aug. // All year not a Plusia seen at Torquay—then thousands / Field, Aug. 16 [IV; 2732. (Field, August 16, 1879.)]


1879 / ab. middle of Aug. // s.e. coast of Isle of Wight / "Countless thousands of the Gamma moth—of the Silver Y-moth. / Field, Aug 23. [IV; 2733. (Field, August 23, 1879.)]


1879 / ab. middle of Aug. // At Eastbourne, "prodigious quantities of Plusia gamma or Silver-Y moth. / Field, Aug 30. [IV; 2734. (Field, August 30, 1879.)]


1879 // summer /// Dif. insects in migration / Sept. 3, 1882 / See "Migrations". [IV; 2735. See: 1882 Sept 3, (V; 929). See: ("Migrations").]


1879 // summer /// P. ladies / July 5, 1846. [IV; 2736. See: 1846 July 5, (II: 992 and 993).]


1879 July-Sept / General notes / N.Y. Times. [IV; 2737.]


1879 July / near Lambertville, N.J. / A cylindrical form of fire about 3 feet by 6 to 8—no rain, no thunder heard. Burned a barn. / Science XI/110 / Insurance company investigated. 3 men. Meteor heard. Away at the time. Swore they saw this. [IV; 2738. Van Dyck, F.C. “Globular Lightning.” Science, s. 1 v. 11 (March 2, 1888): 110.]


1879 July 1 / After slight shocks from June 19th, violent q in Kansu, China. / Madras Athenaeum, Oct 21st. / Hundreds crushed to death. [IV; 2739. (Madras Athenaeum, October 21, 1879.)]


1879 July 1 / Nagaya, Entre Rios, Argentina / (F). [IV; 2740. Fletcher, 105. This is the Nagaya meteorite.]


1879 July 1 / q. / Philippines / BA '11. [IV; 2741. Milne, 727.]


1879 July 4 / Sudden, extraordinary fall of temperature throughout U.S.A. At Portland, Maine, fall of snow. / La Sci Pour Tous 24-344. [IV; 2742. (La Science Pour Tous, 24-344.)]


1879 July 10 / NY Times, 5-5 / Etna. [IV; 2743. "The Recent Eruption of Etna." New York Times, July 10, 1879, p. 5 c. 5.]


1879 July 13 / Fireball from near Antares / R—June 3, 1883. [IV; 2744. Refer to: 1883 June 3, (V; 1300).]


1879 July 18, 19, 20 / and small to Aug 7 / and volc activity // Manila / The Month 3/23/29. [IV; 2745. Pauli, William Berjew. “Recent Earthquakes in Manila.” The Month and Catholic Review, v. 42 (s. 3 v. 23; May, 1881): 22-43, at 26-39. “Subsequently two columns of smoke were seen at intervals until Tuesday, the 20th, when it ceased entirely. In the afternoon an earthquake was felt at the same time as that experienced in Manila, being, however, more intense at Batangas and towards the Laguna. From eight to ten on Tuesday night a brightness was seen over the volcano as if reflecting the light of fire from the crater on the vapours which arose from it. This brightness ceased suddenly, and the atmosphere became clear. At 10 p.m. a severe shock was felt as in Manila. Shocks continued to be sensibly felt in the province of Batangas, in which Taal is situated, until the 27th. On Wednesday morning, the 21st, the volcano threw up a great quantity ot smoke to a considerable height in a column the whole size of the crater, and continues to do so up to the time of writing this notice.” The Taal volcano has not been recorded to being in eruption from December of 1878 until 1885.]


1879 July 26 / Cairo, Il / q / AJ Sci 3-19-298. [IV; 2746. Rockwood, Charles Greene, Jr. "Notices of Recent American Earthquakes. No. 9." American Journal of Science, s. 3 v. 19 (1880): 295-299, at  298.]


1879 July 27 / 12:45 a.m. / Great meteor / Saxony / Nature 20-374. [IV; 2747. "Notes." Nature, 20 (August 14, 1879): 372-375, at 374.]


1879 // Ab last of July, or time of Etna, volc outburst at Geisfugle, s.w. part of Iceland / M. Post, Aug. 15. [IV; 2748. "Volcanic Action." London Morning Post, August 15, 1879, p. 3 c. 6. The Reykjanes volcano. See: 1879 / end of May, (IV; 2621).]


1879 Aug 2-3 / Strange bird / (night) / One of the most tremendous of th storms and hail. In S of England and Wales. / Symons Met Mag 14/97-113, 125 / Between 20,000 and 20,000 £ of glass broken. Hail size of potatoes. One reported as a hail-bolt 4¼ inches long—others 4 to a pound. At St Margaret's, with the hail and pounded by it, fell "a large wild fowl, evidently a sea bird (web-footed), but of a species unknown to the many watermen I have shown it to.” [IV; 2749.1, 2749.2. “The Thunder and Hail Storm of August 2nd-3rd.” Symons's Meteorological Magazine, 14 (August 1879): 97-113, and, (September 1879): 125-128; at 100 & 106.]


1879 Aug 2 / Ice / Eng / (D-176). [IV; 2750. The note copies information from page 176 of The Book of the Damned. “The Thunder and Hail Storm of August 2nd-3rd.” Symons's Meteorological Magazine, 14 (August 1879): 97-113, and, (September 1879): 125-128; at 100.]


1879 Aug 4 / morning / "Tidal wave" / East Coast, Scotland / M/ Post, Aug 6. [IV; 2751. "A Tidal Wave on the Scotch Coast." London Morning Post, August 6, 1879, p. 6 c. 4.]


[1879] // B / L.T. Index / Planet Jupiter / Aug., 1879 / Also see Aug 21-11-d. [IV; 2752. (London Times,  August 21, 1879, p. 11 c. 4; not found here.)]


1879 Aug 5 / Switz / Six persons in the Jura, above St. Cergues, witnesses. Sky dark and stormy clouds and flashes of lightning—suddenly the pine forest was illuminated. The light vanished with every clap of thunder only to reappear with increased intensity, until subsiding of the tempest. / Nature 20-423 / [note cut off]t olin. [IV; 2753.1, 2753.2. "Notes." Nature, 20 (August 28, 1879): 423-424, at 423. Pictet, Raoul-Pierre. "Observations Faites à Saint-Cergues Pendant l'Orage du 5 Aout 1879." Archives des Sciences Physiques et Naturelles, s. 3 v. 2 (1879): 234-237. ]


[1879 August 10 /] 1879 Aug 11 / From 1:20 a.m., island of Dominica, severe shocks. Immediately after the last of them, heavy rain fell. / Nature 20-432. [IV; 2754. Watt, Edmund. "Earthquake in Dominica." Nature, 20 (September 4, 1879): 431-432. "...In fact, only one of the phenomena usually attending earthquakes preceded the shocks I have just described, and that was violent rain."]


1879 Aug 14 / Red spot of Jupiter—like a flame / Nature 20-403. [IV; 2755. Birmingham, John. "The Planet Jupiter." Nature, 20 (August 21, 1879): 403.]


1879 Aug 15 / 2 streams of lava from Vesuvius. Quiet on 16th. / M. Post, 18th. [IV; 2756. "Mount Vesuvius." London Morning Post, August 18, 1879, p. 5 c. 3.]


1879 Aug 21 / First phe at Knock, Co. Mayo, Ireland. Light in a chapel in which supposed to be seen sacred figures—. [B; 244. “Apparition of the Blessed Virgin at the Chapel of Knock.” Dublin Weekly Nation, January 17, 1880, p. 7 c. 3-4. “On Thursday evening, the 21st of August last, the eve of the octave day the Assumption the Blessed Mary, was accompanied a blinding drizzle of rain, which continued till the next day. As some persons were hurriedly going along the road which leads by the chapel, at about 7.30, they perceived the wall beautifully illuminated by a white flickering light, through which could be perceived brilliant stars twinkling as on a fine frosty night. The first person who saw it passed on, but others soon came and remained, and these saw covering a large portion of the gable end of the sacristy an altar, and to its Gospel side the figures of St. John the Evangelist, the Blessed Virgin, and St. Joseph. On the altar, which stood about eight feet from the ground, and immediately under the window, a lamb stood, and rising up behind the lamb was a crucifix with the figure of our Lord upon it. The altar was surrounded by brilliant white light, through which and down angels seemed be flitting.” MacPhilpin, John. The Apparitions and Miracles at Knock. Dublin: M.H. Gill, 1880, 13-14.]


1879 Aug 21-25 / at Bristol / 56 bright meteors from near O Draconis / ver. / Denning / Nature 76-14. [IV; 2757. Denning, William Frederick. "May Meteors." Nature, 76 (May 2, 1907): 14.]


1879 Aug 21-25 / 56 bright meteors from radiant in Draco, by Denning. This stream never again seen by him except feebly. / Nature 76-14. [IV; 2758. Denning, William Frederick. "May Meteors." Nature, 76 (May 2, 1907): 14.]


1879 Aug 21 / In M. Post, 26th, Henry Coxwell tells of his travelling in a balloon from the Alexandra Palace, in London. It was after a thunderstorm. Calm then. / He above clouds when upon the balloon a succssion of shocks that he could not account for—sometimes singly but most of them were double. [IV; 2759.1, 2759.2. Coxwell, Henry. "Balloon Observations." London Morning Post, August 26, 1879, p. 5 c. 6. "On emerging from clouds which ranged at about 1,700 feet above the ground they appeared to cease altogether. On landing at Hatfield Broad Oak, in Essex, at 10 minutes past six, we were surprised to find ourselves 30 miles or more away from the Alexandra Palace, The breeze at starting and on landing was very gentle. The car sustained no shock whatever, so that the swift and electrified upper current must for a short time have moved the balloon at the rate of 60 miles an hour."]


1879 Aug 21 / 1:30 a.m. / Sound like explosion and shock at Lockport, NY / at 3, same at various points, Ontario, Canada / NY Times, Aug 22-5-6. [IV; 2760. "Severe Earthquake Shocks." New York Times, August 22, 1879, p. 5 c. 6.]


[1879 Aug 23 /] 1819 Aug 23 / [London Times]. 11-16 / 2 different deaths, Matterhorn, ab. same time / (not found). [A; 69. Mathews, Charles Edward. "The Fatal Accident on the Matterhorn." London Times, August 23, 1879, p. 11 c. 2. "Death in a Matterhorn Hut." London Times, August 23, 1879, p. 11 c. 3.]


1879 [Aug 23] / 2 different deaths ab. same time / Matterhorn / LT, 1879, Aug 23, 11 / 6, c / 1819? [B; 245. "Alpine Accidents." London Times, August 19, 1879, p. 4 c. 6. Mathews, Charles Edward. "The Fatal Accident on the Matterhorn." London Times, August 23, 1879, p. 11 c. 2. "Death in a Matterhorn Hut." London Times, August 23, 1879, p. 11 c. 3.]


1879 Aug 23 / [LT], 12-c / 25-10-e // Plusia Gamma. [IV; 2761. "Butterflies." London Times, August 23, 1879, p. 12 c. 6. "Plusia Gamma." London Times, August 25, 1879, p. 10 c. 5.]


1879 Aug 23 / NY Times, 6-3 / Disturbances in Jupiter. [IV; 2762. (New York Times, August 23, 1879, p. 6 c. 3; not found here.)]


1879 Aug 23, 24 / Nov. 10 // Black spot on Jupiter and no shadow of a satellite, being larger and darker, ac to a cor, A.S. Howren, Corsicana, Texas. / Sc. Am, 40/53. [IV; 2763. Howren, A.S. "The Black Spot of Jupiter's Disk." Scientific American, n.s., 40 (January 25, 1879): 53. From the rise of Jupiter above the horizon at Coriscana, Texas, on the evening of August 23, the shadow of Europa would have transited the disk of Jupiter for about 80 minutes, but would not have been seen on the next evening. During the night of November 10-11, Io and Ganymede transited the disk of Jupiter, followed afterwards by the shadow of Ganymede.]


1879 Aug 23 / Trib, 6-3 / Disturbances in Jupiter. [IV; 2764. “Disturbances in Jupiter.” New York Tribune, August 23, 1879, p. 6 c. 3.]


1879 Aug 25 / [LT], 11-d / Atmospheric phe. [IV; 2765. "Atmospheric Phenomenon." London Times, August 25, 1879, p. 11 c. 4.]


1879 Aug 26 / whirl / (Cut) / Hopsten, near Westphalia / Whirl—trees uprooted, houses partly destroyed. "Strange to say, the most complete calm reigned everywhere around at the time." / Nature 20/482. [IV; 2766. "Notes." Nature, 20 (September 18, 1879): 482-484, at 482.]


1879 June and Aug 28 / Quakes / Nevada and Europe / not felt in mines / M.W.R, June, early / and Aug, p. 16. * [IV; 2767. “Miscellaneous Phenomena.” Monthly Weather Review, 7 (no. 6; June, 1879): 11-12, at 12. “Notes and Extracts.” Monthly Weather Review, 7 (no. 8; August 1879): 16.]


1879 Aug 30 / Date of the seaweed which fell with unusually large hail, ac to Fife Free Press, Sept 6. [IV; 2768. "Storm." Fife Free Press, September 6, 1879, p. 5 c. 4. "A hailstorm of unusual severity, accompanied with peals of thunder and vivid flashes of lightning, passed over this place on Saturday last The hailstones were unusually large, and in very short time the ground lay white with them. On several parts of the hill, sea-weed was to be found very plentifully, but how it got there has set many athinking. However it is generally believed that it must have been a waterspout, as that is the only thing that accounts for it. A great deal of damage has also been done to the hay crop by the gales on Tuesday."]


1879 Aug 29 / (Substance) / Found on 30th on the Lomond Hills near Falkland (Fifeshire) / from Glascow Herald, in Symons Met 14/136 / 'The hills were found in several places to be covered with seaweed, or some substance as nearly resembling it as possible, and it was also seen hanging from the trees and shrubberies in the district. In some places the weed lay in a pretty thick covering, so that quantities of it could be gathered from the grass." Had been a heavy hailstorm the night before. So supposed a water spout had burst over the hills. / Edinburgh. [IV; 2769.1, 2769.2, 2769.3. "A Strange Story." Symons's Meteorological Magazine, 14 (September 1879): 136. "Extrarodinary Phenomenon in Fifeshire." Glascow Herald, September 4, 1879, p. 4 c. 7. "Bursting of a Waterspout in Fifeshire." Dundee Courier, September 4, 1879, p. 2 c. 5. "As Falkland is about 13 miles from the sea, it is thought that a waterspout must have burst over the district."]


1879 Aug 31 / Op. Jup / See Oct. 2. [IV; 2770. See: 1879 Oct 2, (IV; 2790).]


1879 Sept 1, ab. / In N.Y. Trib, copied in The Spiritualist, Oct. 3 / Polt home of Mrs Toops, of Westminster, Md. A daughter, aged 14. A ghost seen only by the daughter. [B; 246. “Miss Toops and Her Ghost.” Spiritualist Newspaper, (London), 15 (no. 14; October 3, 1879): 167. “Troubled by a Ghost.” St. Landry Democrat, (Louisiana), September 20, 1879 p. 3 c. 4. (Not found in New York Tribune, of September 19 or 20, 1879.)]


1879 Sept. 3 / Montgomery Co., Maryland / ext little cyclone / Pop Sci Mo 18-265. [IV; 2771. Farquhar, William Henry, and, Hallowell, Henry C. "A Miniature Cyclone." Popular Science Monthly, 18 (December 1880): 264-265.]


1879 Sept. 5 / 7:10 p.m. / Met and train / Salt Lake City / N.Y. Times 13-5-6. [IV; 2772. "The Meteor That Salt Lake Saw." New York Times, September 13, 1879, p. 5 c. 6.]


1879 Sept 6 / Trib, 6-1 / Atmospheric circulation. [IV; 2773. “Atmospheric Circulation.” New York Tribune, September 6, 1879, p. 6 c. 1.]


1879 Sept 11 / Ghost / Spiritualist of Nov. 28 / Copies of two affidavits by Elias Dimock and C. Edgar DeWolfe of Windsor, Nova Scotia, that night of 11th, they, after spending an evening experimenting with mesmeric influences, had seen in a field near Windsor, near a house reputed to be haunted, a tall figure in white. [B; 247.1, 247.2. “Spiritual Phenomena in Nova Scotia.” Spiritualist Newspaper, (London), 15 (no. 22; November 28, 1879): 255-257.]


1879 Sept. 11-12 / night / Waterspout burst over Herisau, in Appenzell, Switzerland, and did great damage. / L.T., 13-5-f. [IV; 2774. "Switzerland." London Times, September 13, 1879, p. 5 c. 6 & p. 6 c. 1.]


1879 Sept. 16 / whirl / near Sowyn, Merionethshire, Wales. / Peculiar crackling sound. ./ L.T.—18-10-a / A whirlwind picking up stacks and sheaves. Picked a sheep out of a flock, raised to great height, dropped it dead. [IV; 2775. "A Whirlwind in Wales." London Times, September 18, 1879, p. 10 c. 1.]


1879 Sept 16 / Correspondence dated, in LT 17-5-e / Flocks of gray butterflies striped with black at Bizanos, near Pau. [IV; 2776. "Miscellaneous Foreign News." London Times, September 17, 1879, p. 5 c. 5.]


1879 Sept 17 / Sunday before 17th, Dr. L.O. Howard, in Canadian Entomologist 11-200, tells that at the Capitol grounds, Washington, saw after a rain thousands of larvae of Lachnosterna fusca on grass after a heavy rain, nearly all dead from heat or having been trodden upon. / He learned that at this season they always appeared after a heavy rain. [IV; 2777.1, 2777.2. “Correspondence.” Canadian Entomologist, 11 (October 1879): 200.]


1879 Sept. 22 / bet 9 and 10 a.m. / halos and mock suns at Dublin / M. Post, 24th. [IV; 2778. "Atmospheric Phenomena." London Morning Post, September 24, 1879, p. 3 c. 5.]


1879 Sept 29 / N.Y. Times, 5-3 / Oct 4-1-2 / 5-1-5 / 7-1-5 / 8-1-5 / 9-1-6 / 14-1-2  25-1-3 / 26-1-2 // Balloonist Wise. [IV; 2779. "Studying Science in a Balloon." New York Times, September 29, 1879, p. 5 c. 3-4. "Two Missing Aeronauts." New York Times, October 4, 1879, p. 1 c. 2. "The Pathfinder's Voyage." New York Times, October 5, 1879, p. 1 c. 5. "No News of Missing Aeronauts." New York Times, October 7, 1879, p. 1 c. 7. "Was the Balloon Lost in the Lake." New York Times, October 8, 1879, p. 1 c. 5-6. "Prof. Wise's Fate." New York Times, October 9, 1879, p. 1 c. 6. "No Hope of Prof. Wise's Safety." New York Times, October 14, 1879, p. 1 c. 2. "The Lost Aeronauts." New York Times, October 21, 1879, p. 1 c. 6. "Another Balloon Disaster." New York Times, October 26, 1879, p. 1 c. 2. "The Lost Balloon." New York Sun, October 25, 1879, p. 1 c. 6. On October 24, the body of George Burr, (the passenger accompanying John Wise), was discovered in Lake Michigan, near Miller's Station, (now, part of Gary, Indiana). Neither Wise nor any remains of the balloon were found.]


1879 Sept and Oct / Iowa, Kansas, Missouri and Texas / swarms of butterfly Danais archippus / Canadian Entomologist 12-135. [IV; 2780. Bowles, George John. “Migratory Insects.” Canadian Entomologist, 12 (July 1880): 130-137, at 134-136. Danais archippus is more commonly known as the Monarch butterfly.]


1879 Sept 17 / 10:30 a.m. / q. / Belg / C. et T 8-38. [IV; 2781. Lancaster, Albert Benoît Marie. "Les Tremblements de terre en Belgique." Ciel et Terre, 8 (March 16, 1887): 25-43, at 39.]


1879 Sept. 17 / Tomatlan, Jalisco, Mexico / (F). [IV; 2782. Fletcher, 105. This is the Tomatlan meteorite.]


1879 Sept 19 / James Richardson, of Newcastle, saw something that looked like a comet in the west. Soon afterward gone. Met train? / Journal Liverpool Astro Soc 7/76. [IV; 2783. Backhouse, Thomas William. “Comets, Meteor-Trains, or Aurorae?” Journal of the Liverpool Astronomical Society, 7 (no. 3; December 1888): 75-76.]


1879 Sept 23 / Inf conjunction Venus-Sun / (Cut). [IV; 2784.]


1879 Sept 25 / (Cut) / by J.P. Gray, of Bedford (11 p.m.) / A white spot where Crater Pierce A should have been—W.R. Birt / Astro Reg 17/270 / thinks may have been a sun effect. [IV; 2785. Birt, William Radcliffe. "Lunar Objects Suitable for Observation in November, 1879." Astronomical Register, 17 (November 1879): 269-271, at 270.]


1879 Sept 26 / (ref) / Sun protuberance by Ricco / Observatory of Palermo / L'Astro 7-222. [IV; 2786. Riccò, Annibale. "Grand Protubérances Solaires Observées à Palermo de 1881 à 1887." Astronomie, 7 (1888): 215-223, at 221-222, (figure 64).]


1879 Sept 27. / (Cut) / Gaudibert saw for the first time an isolated object or mountain upon moon near Billy. / L'Astro 11-286. [IV; 2787. Gaudibert, Casimir Marie. "Études Sélénographiques." Astronomie, 11 (1892): 281-286, at 286.]


1879 Sept 29, et seq. / (Cut) / Cambridge, Mass / Stat met, by E.F. Sawyer / Observatory 2/376. [IV; 2788. "Stationary Meteors." Observatory, 2 (1878): 376.]


1879 Oct 1, 20, 21, 22, 29 / (Cut) / See Sept. 29 / Nov. 23. [IV; 2789. See: (Sept. 29), and 1879 Nov. 23, (IV; 2844).]


1879 Oct 2 / Cor writes obs of that night (in L.T. 4-10-d) upon "an enormous ruddy spot on Jupiter. / (See July, 1878.) [IV; 2790. Gotch, Henry Gale. "The Planet Jupiter." London Times, October 4, 1879, p. 10 c. 4. See: 1878 July 8, (IV; 2394).]


1879 Oct 4 / La Nat / Rouen / Invasion of bees. [IV; 2791. "Invasion d'abeilles." La Nature, 1879 pt. 2 (no. 331; October 4): 290.]


1879 Oct 5 / 5:45 p.m. / Jévab (Dordogne) / spiral met train by daylight / C.R. 89-871 / At Bordeaux / La Nat 1879/2/354. [IV; 2792. "M. De Coincy adresse, par l'intermédiaire de M. Janssen, l'observation d'un météor...." Comptes Rendus, 89 (1879): 871. "Phénomènes d'optique céleste." La Nature, 1879 pt. 2 (no. 335; November 1): 354.]


1879 Oct. 5 / 5:30 p.m. / Detonating meteor at Charente, France. Train visible ab 12 minutes. / La Sci Pour Tous 24-344. [IV; 2793. (La Science Pour Tous, 24-344.)]


1879 Oct 5 / Moon phe and a met train / La Nature 1879/2/354 / n.g. [IV; 2794. "Phénomènes d'optique céleste." La Nature, 1879 pt. 2 (no. 335; November 1): 354.]


1879 Oct 10 / Ghost seen by Dr. Jessopp, headmaster of King Edward VI's School, at Norwich. Seen at Mannington. / Told of in Athenaeum, early in Jan., 1880. [B; 248. Jessopp, Augustus. “An Antiquary's Ghost Story." Athenæum, 1880 (no. 2724; January 10): 54. Mannington Hall is located in Itteringham, Norfolk.]


1879 Oct 10 / Hungary and Servia / q / great on 28th / [BA] '11. [IV; 2795. Milne, 728.]


1879 Oct 10, etc. / BO / Jamaica / Cabs and cars washed into ocean. / Barbadoes Globe, 20th / 20 miles at sea, steamers encountered the first of bodies, horses, cows, and sheep, goats, and logs of mahogany (Nov. 3). The coast from east of Kingston was yellow with lumber. [IV; 2796. (Barbadoes Globe, October 20, 1879.)]


1879 Oct. 11 or 4th / 8 p.m. / Bangalore / Most brilliant meteor made the sky one glorious sheet of light. / Madras Atheneum, 16th. [IV; 2797. (Madras Atheneum, October 16, 1879.)]


1879 Oct 11-14 / (100 lives lost—Times, Nov. 8) / Times, Nov. 11—horses, cattle, heavy sacks of coffee out at sea. Nothing like it since 1848. After the sweep houses fell into chasms. [IV; 2798. "Jamaica." London Times, November 8, 1879, p. 8 c. 5. "Floods in Jamaica." London Times, November 11, 1879, p. 10 c. 1.]


1879 Oct 12 / BO / Beginning 6 a.m., fall in one district of Jamaica was, in 24 hours, 13.5 inches. / The Budget, Oct 26. [IV; 2799. (The Budget, Jamaica, October 26, 1879.)]


1879 Oct 12 / N.Y. Times, 2-6 / Ghost. [B; 249. “A Ghost Story.” New York Times, October 12, 1879, p. 2 c. 6.]


1879 Oct 13 / Trib, 1-3 / Balloon found near Milwaukee. [IV; 2800. “The Phantom Balloon Comes to Earth.” New York Tribune, October 13, 1879, p. 1 c. 3. A balloon was reported to have come to earth, but its identity was doubted to have been Wise's “Pathfinder.” See: 1879 Sept 29, (IV; 2779).]


1879 Oct 13, 14 / Gale at Hong Kong / The Englishman, 17th. [IV; 2801. (The Englishman, October 17, 1879.)]


1879 Oct 15 / Shocks continuing in Southern Hungary / D. News 16-4-6. [IV; 2802. “London, Thursday, Oct. 16.” London Daily News, October 16, 1879, p. 4 c. 6.]


1879 Oct 13, 15, 16 / Meteors / vol 14, 15 / Ref, Jan 1, 1866. [IV; 2803. "Kleinere Mittheilungen." Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, 14 (1879): 478-484, at 484. “Kleinere Mittheilungen." Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, 15 (1880): 22-32, at 32. "Kleinere Mittheilungen." Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, 15 (1880): 58-66, at 63.]


1879 Oct 13 / BO / Barbados Globe, Nov. 13 / 3:30 a.m. / A peal of thunder of violence unknown before, island of Nevis. Whole sky for a while one continuous sheet of electric flames and torrents. [IV; 2804. (Barbados Globe, November 13, 1879.)]


1879 Oct 14 / qs / Austria and Philippines / BA '11 / Sims / See Feb. 18, 1889. [IV; 2805. Milne, 728. See: 1889 Feb. 18, (VI; 1555).]


1879 Oct 14 / Spain / L.T. 20-6-a / For several months in Murcia and Alicante, Spain, there had been droughts so severe that some of the inhabitants had emigrated to Algeria. Had been lack of water for 3 years. On 14th, floods and hail poured and villages overwhelmed. People rowing away from their windows, by torch-light. 5 villages carried away. Unparalleled even by the floods of 1651. // These floods subsided and new deluges. / L.T., Oct 30 // ab 1500 persons drowned. / L.T. 30-6-d.  

[IV; 2806.1, 2806.2, 2806.3. "The Floods in Spain." London Times, October 14, 1879, p. 6 c. 1. "The Inundations in Spain." London Times, October 30, 1879, p. 6 c. 4. (No storms following that of October 14 were mentioned in these articles.)]


1879 Oct 15 / at Bristol, by Denning / 127 meteors in 11 hours / 21 were slow meteors from 31° + 9° / Aries / (South of Aries) / on 20th, 10 more / Nature 21/624. [IV; 2807. Denning, William Frederick. "Meteor Showers." Nature, 21 (April 29, 1880): 621-624, at 624.]


1879 Oct 15 / BO / Floods in Spain / 1,000 lives lost / An. Register, 1879 / See Oct 29. [IV; 2808. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 1879: pt. 2, 1-171, at 152. See: 1879 Oct 29, (IV; 2820).]


1879 / ab Oct 17 // White shadow of angel / near York / Proc. 10/318. [B; 250. "Report on the Census of Hallucinations." Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research, 10 (1894): 25-422, at 317-318.]


1879 Oct 17 / (Hun) / [LT], 9-a / Nov 25-4-c / 25-3-d / Dec 1-11-f // q / Hungary. [IV; 2809. "The Earthquake in Hungary." London Times, October 17, 1879 p. 9 c. 1. (London Times, November 25, 1879, p. 4 c. 3.) "Miscellaneous Foreign News." London Times, November 25, 1879, p. 3 c. 4. "Earthquake in Hungary." London Times, December 1, 1879, p. 11 c. 6.]


1879 Oct. 17 / BO / Again floods fell. / Kingston / Budget, 18th / In streets "roaring torrents". [IV; 2810. (The Budget, Jamaica, October 18, 1879.)]


1879 Oct 17 / afternoon / Destructive high tide at Southport, England / D. News 20-2-6. [IV; 2811. “Another Destructive Tide at Southport.” London Daily News, October 20, 1879, p. 2 c. 7.]


1879 Oct 18 / 5:30 a.m. / Maryport, Cumberland / Violent shock. Vivid flash of lightning. / D. News 20-4-7. [IV; 2812. “A violent shock of earthquake....” London Daily News, October 20, 1879, p. 4 c. 7. “A vivid flash of lightning was seen the same time the shock was felt.”]


[1879 Oct 19. Wrong date. See: 1696 April 9, (B; 251).]


1879 Oct 19  Localized Mets / bet 3 and 5 a.m. / At Odessa, shower of meteors. Radiant—Beta Aurigae. In 10 minutes 14 counted. / Nature 21/164. [IV; 2813. "Our Astronomical Column." Nature, 21 (December 18, 1879): 164.]


1879 Oct 20 / Bristol / (Cu[t]) / Ac to Denning, remarkable ascending meteor of the first mag. / (Observatory 3/248) / "It ascended from the N.E. by E. horizon to the star Beta Tauri, and there disappeared, leaving a brilliant streak in its slowly traversed path." [IV; 2814. Denning, William Frederick. "Meteor Notes for December." Observatory, 3 (1879-1880): 246-249, at 248.]


1879 Oct 24 / [LT], 3-d / Mets. [IV; 2815. "Miscellaneous Foreign News." London Times, October 24, 1879, p. 3 c. 4.]


1879 Oct 24 / 6:12 p.m. / Conn and R.I. / q / A J Sci 3-19-299. [IV; 2816. Rockwood, Charles Greene, Jr. "Notices of Recent American Earthquakes. No. 9." American Journal of Science, s. 3 v. 19 (1880): 295-299, at 299.]


1879 Oct 25 / L.T. of, 5-4 / Storms and rains great damage in Martinique. [IV; 2817. "Miscellaneous Foreign News." London Times, October 25, 1879, p. 5 c. 4.]


1879 Oct 25 / Trib, 8-1 / Near approach of comets. [IV; 2818. "Near Approach of Comets." New York Tribune, October 25, 1879, p. 8 c. 1. "Near Approach of Comets to the Earth." Nature, 20 (October 2, 1879): 534.]


1879 Oct. 29 / Violent storm / Nova Scotia / D. News 31-6-1. [IV; 2819. “Violent Storm in Nova Scotia.” London Daily News, October 31, 1879, p. 6 c. 1.]


1879 Oct 29 / BO / More deluges and q's in Spain / An. Reg. 1879. [IV; 2820. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 1879: pt. 2, 1-171, at 156.]


1879 // Floods in Singapore. Planters suspending work. / Straits Times, Oct 31-1-3. [IV; 2821. (Straits Times, October 31, 1879, p. 1 c. 3; not available online.)]


1879 Oct. 30 / D. News, 4-6 / Floods destructive in the Pyrenees. [IV; 2822. “Floods have occurred in the Pyrenees....” London Daily News, October 30, 1879, p. 4 c. 6.]


1879 Nov. 1 / (eruptions these dates) / Bright spot west of Picard (moon) / Jour BAA 19/376 / See '77 and 1909. [IV; 2823. “Lunar Section.” Journal of the British Astronomical Association, 19 (1909): 375-380, at 376. See: 1877 June 15, (IV; 2141), and, (1909 May 23).]


1879 Nov. 1 /5:30 a.m., a vivid flash said been [lig]htning and a "violent [shock of] earthquake." / West Cumberland / Nature 21/19. [IV; 2824. "Notes." Nature, 21 (November 6, 1879): 18-20, at 19.]


1879 Nov 2-5 / BO / Other shocks in Philippines after Oct 16th / and on 2nd to 5th Nov, torrents fell in Province of Loaquna, and people driven to living in the hills. / Straits Times, Nov 27th / I take from S.T. Overland Journal, 28. [IV; 2825. “Manila News.” Straits Times Overland Journal, (Singapore), November 28, p. 2 c. 3-4 & p. 3 c. 1.]


1879 Nov. 3 / J / [LT],11-f / Jupiter / See Oct 4-10-d. [IV; 2826. "The Planet Jupiter." London Times, November 3, 1879, p. 11 c. 6. Gotch, Henry Gale. "The Planet Jupiter." London Times, October 4, 1879, p. 10 c. 4.]


1879 Nov. 3 / NY Times, 3-4 / Jupiter. [IV; 2827. "Observations of Mars and Jupiter." New York Times, November 3, 1879, p. 3 c. 4. "For the first time a red spot has been seen on the face of Jupiter...."]


1879 Nov. 3 / Contoocook, N.H. / 7:15 a.m. / q. / A J. Sci 3-19-299. [IV; 2828. Rockwood, Charles Greene, Jr. "Notices of Recent American Earthquakes. No. 9." American Journal of Science, s. 3 v. 19 (1880): 295-299, at 299.]


1879 Nov. 4 / Metite / Kalumbi Sattara (Bombay Presidency) / metite / BA '81-294. [IV; 2829. Glaisher, James, and, Edward Jospeh Lowe, Robert Stawell Ball, Walter Flight, Alexander Stewart Herschel. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors during the year 1880-81." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1881, 290-302, at 294.]


1879 Nov 6 / Trib, 4-3 / "In the air" / Ed. [IV; 2830. “In the Air.” New York Tribune, November 6, 1879, p. 4 c. 3-4. The editorial concerns an election campaign, (not any atmospheric phenomenon).]


1879 Nov. 4 / B. As. / Kalambi, Bombay, India / (F). [IV; 2831. Fletcher, 105. This is the Kalambi meteorite.]


1879 Nov. 7 / Trib, 5-d / Solar bell-ringing. [IV; 2832. “Solar Bell-Ringing.” New York Tribune, November 7, 1879, p. 5 c. 4. The article briefly reviews a device, (using solar heat to operate an electric  switch).]


1879 Nov. 12 / Op. Mars / (A1). [IV; 2833.]


1879 Nov. 12 / Passage of Earth across sun rel. to Mars / Cosmos, N.S., 27/415. [IV; 2834. “Curieuse coïncidence astronomique.” Cosmos, s. 4 (n.s.) v. 27 (1894): 415. Marth, Albert. “Note on the Transit of the Earth and Moon across the Sun's Disk as seen from Mars on November 12, 1879; and on some kindred Phenomena.” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 39 (July 14, 1879): 513-514.]


1879 Nov 13-16, etc. / Shocks / Valparaiso / frightened people sleeping in parks / L.T., 1880, Jan 7-11-b. [IV; 2835. "Earthquakes." London Times, January 7, 1880, p. 11 c. 2.]


1879 Nov 14 / Village at foot of the Righi destroyed by land-slips caused by the severe rains. / An. Reg. 1879. [IV; 2836. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 1879: pt. 2, 1-171, at 161. Vitznau, Switzerland. The major avalanche, (or, Trümmerstrom), from Rigi, occurred on September 2, 1806, destroyed most of Goldau and created waves about 15 metres upon Lake Lauerz. Bussman, Felix, and, Anelmetti, Flavio S. “Rossberg landslide history and flood chronology a recorded in Lake Lauerz sediments (Central Switzerland).” Swiss Journal of Geosciences, 103 (2010): 43-59.]


1879 Nov 14 ? / White's township, Ohio—man killed by aerolite / M.W.R., Nov, p. 13. [IV; 2837. “Miscellaneous Phenomena.” Monthly Weather Review, 7 (no. 11; November 1879): 13-14, at 13. "A Terrific Meteor." Jackson Standard, (Ohio), November 27, 1879, p. 4 c. 4. "As David Miesenthaler, the well known stock man, of Whitestone township was driving his cows to the barn, about daylight this morning, he was struck by an aerolite and instantly killed. It appears as if the meteor had come from a direction a little west of south, and fell obliquely at an angle of about sixty degrees, for it first passed through a tall maple, cutting the limbs as clean as if it had been a cannon ball, and then struck him apparently on or under the shoulder, passing clean through him obliquely from below the right shoulder to above the left hip, and buried itself about two feet in the soft, black ground. The poor man's head and his legs are uninjured, but the greater part of his body seems to have been crushed into the earth beneath the terrific ærolite, which is about the size of a common patent bucket, and apparently of a roughly round shape. It appears to be formed of what is called iron pyrites. From the fact that Mr. Meisenthaler is known to have had a large sum of money in his pocket-book, that he kept it in the breast pocket of his coat, and that it is missing, it is surmised that it is under the aerolite. The stupid idea prevailed that the body must not be touched until a coroner or magistrate had seen it, and for two hours the head and legs and ghastly hole were suffered to lay just as they had been torn apart. Torn fragments of his clothing can be seen at the edge of the hole, and upon the arrival of the coroner the aerolite will be dug up. It was useless to urge and insist that the excavation should be commenced at once, and as his poor wife seemed to prefer to await the arrival of the coroner, nothing will be done until he or a magistrate arrives.Bucyrus Journal." “Meteors.” Scientific American, n.s., 42 (February 21, 1880): 121-122. The Missouri and Kansas references began to appear in late 1879. "Killed by a Meteor." Ogdensburg Journal, (New York), December 17, 1879, p. 3 c. 6. “Killed by an Aerolite.” Farmers' Home Journal, (Louisville, Kentucky), December 25, 1879, p. 4 c. 2. “A story comes from Nemehah county, Mo., that one David Meisenthaler....” The Aegis & Intelligencer, (Bel Air, Maryland), December 26, 1879, p. 3 c. 1. "David Meisenthaler...." Sydney Morning Herald, May 1, 1880, p. 5 c. 5.  (Bucyrus Journal, (Ohio), microfilm @ Bowling Green State University, copy @ Ohio Historical Society.)]


1879 // See / Trib / Nor. Car / mountains / Nov 17-5-5 / 1880, July 26-5-5. [IV; 2838. “Danger in Carolina Mountains.” New York Tribune, November 17, 1879, p. 5 c. 5. “Scenery in the South.” New York Tribune, July 26, 1880, p. 5 c. 5-6. Both articles promote the safe tourism in the Carolina mountains, (with no reference to the tremors and suspected volcano at Bald Mountain). See: 1874 Feb, (IV; 1376).]


1879 Nov. 9 / NY Times, 2-7 / Met shower of 1833. [IV; 2839. Campbell, Jesse Harrison. "Meteoric Showers." New York Times, November 9, 1879, p. 2 c. 7. Campbell, Jesse Harrison. "Falling of the Stars." Columbus Daily Enquirer, (Georgia), November 6, 1879, p. 2 c. 3-4.]


1879 Nov. 18 / (+) / NY Times, 1-3 / Questionable letters from a balloon found. [IV; 2840. “Is Prof. Wise Still Alive?” New York Times, November 18, 1879, p. 1 c. 3. A handwritten note in a bottle was allegedly found in Kentucky and supposedly written by John Wise, in the Pathfinder balloon, on November 2, (five weeks after its disappearance). See: 1879 Sept 29, (IV; 2779).]


1879 Nov 18 . N.Y. Times, 1-3 / Balloonist disap / Central U.S. [IV; 2841. “Is Prof. Wise Still Alive?” New York Times, November 18, 1879, p. 1 c. 3.]


1879 Nov 19-21 / Violent storm / Aspinwall / Times, Dec 30-9-e. [IV; 2842. "Great Storm at Aspinwall." London Times, December 30, 1879, p. 9 c. 5.]


1879 Nov. 21 / BO / At Lugano, smart shock in snowstorm / L.T. 29-5-e. [IV; 2843. "Switzerland." London Times, November 29, 1879, p. 5 c. 5.]


1879 Nov. 23 / See Oct. 1. [IV; 2844. See: 1879 Oct 1, 20, 21, 22, 29, (IV; 2789).]


1879 Nov. 27 and 29 / J / 4 observations upon first of the white spot of Jupiter. / Traced back to Russell's ob of Aug 6, 1878. In south equatorial belt midway between the center and following end of the red spot. / Observatory 5-301 / "A very white spot." "At times [seems] almost sparkling." / [illustration]. [IV; 2845. Williams, Arthur Stanley. "A Remarkable White Spot on Jupiter." Observatory, 5 (1882): 300-303. See: 1878 Aug 6, (IV; 2414).]


1879 Nov. 28 / BO / report dated // Continuous heavy rains in Spain / L.T. 29-5-e. [IV; 2846. "Spain." London Times, November 29, 1879, p. 5 c. 5.]


1879 Nov 28 / det met / ab 5 a.m. / Syracuse, N.Y. / heavy explosion heard—bright light supposed been meteoric seen in sky / M.W.R., Nov. [IV; 2847. “Miscellaneous Phenomena.” Monthly Weather Review, 7 (no. 11; November 1879): 13-14, at 13. See: 1879 Nov. 29, (IV; 2848).]


1879 Nov. 29 / Trib, 6-3 / Aurora / Met at Syracuse, 28th. [IV; 2848. “A Powder-Mill Wrecked.” New York Tribune, November 29, 1879, p. 1 c. 5. A light and explosion, (supposed by some to be a meteor), was probably 3,000 pounds of powder exploding. “The Aurora Borealis.” New York Tribune, November 29, 1879, p. 6 c. 3. The article explains Esmark's belief that the aurora is a weather phenomenon, (caused by moist winds and electricity).]


1879 / early in December // BO / N.Y. Trib., Jan 23/5/2 / Torrents fell in U.S. Columbia. Cauca river rose to become 3 miles wide, destroying villages. Cocoa farmers were, in boats, trying to gather remaining crops in the trees. [IV; 2849. “Great Floods in New-Grenada.” New York Tribune, January 23, 1880, p. 5 c. 2.]


1879 Dec / Ilopango / See Dec 17, 1910. [IV; 2850. See: 1910 Dec 17, (IX; 1830). The Ilopango volcano.]


1879 Dec 7, 11, 28 / Meteors / vol 15 / Ref, Jan. 1, 1866. [IV; 2851. "Kleinere Mittheilungen." Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, 15 (1880): 22-32, at 31. "Kleinere Mittheilungen." Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, 15 (1880): 58-66, at 63-64. (Dec. 7.) "Kleinere Mittheilungen." Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie, 15 (1880): 99-102, at 102. (Dec. 28.)]


1879 Dec 11 / Floods in Hungary / 10,000 homesless / An. Reg 1879. [IV; 2852. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 1879: pt. 2, 1-171, at 166.]


1879 Dec. 11 / Hurricane and tidal wave destructive / Fiji / L.T., 1880, March 18-4-f. [IV; 2853. "Tidal Wave and Cyclone." London Times, March 18, 1880, p. 4 c. 6. "Cyclone in Fiji." Sydney Morning Herald, January 29, 1880, p. 7 c. 4.]


1879 Dec 14 / Bo / Georgetown, B. Guiana—one of the heaviest rainstorms recorded in many years. / The Colonist (Georgetown), Dec. 24. [IV; 2854. (Colonist, Georgetown, December 24, 1879.)]


1879 Dec 18-19 / BO / In Panama Daily Star and Herald, Jan 16, that the floods from River Cauca beyond all former limits, and that been floods at Panama. Said the floods came so suddenly that people unaware till entered houses. [IV; 2855. (Panama Daily Star and Herald, January 16, 1880.)]


1879 Dec 18 / After months of small activity, Vesuvius great display, this night. / Times 25-7-e / Intense cold in Italy. [IV; 2856. "Southern Italy." London Times, December 25, 1879, p. 7 c. 5.]


1879 Dec 21 / First of the qs of San Salvador / N.Y. Herald, Jan 22, 1880 / Very violent on 27th. [IV; 2857. "Earthquakes in Salvador." New York Sun, January 22, 1880, p. 3 c. 5. (New York Herald, January 22, 1880; not online.)]


1879 Dec. 21 = 31st / Mountain appears in a lake in San Salvador. / L'A. Sci 24-329. [IV; 2858. "Une montagne qui remplace un lac." Année Scientifique et Industrielle, 24 (1880): 329-330. The Ilopango volcano.]


1879 Dec. 24-Jan 23, 1880 / Volc / Salvador / PTS p. v. 2. [IV; 2859. (Goodyear, Watson Andrews. Earthquake and Volcanic Phenomena: December 1879 and January 1880, in the Republic of Salvador, Central America. Panama: Star & Herald Office, 1880. Not online.) "PTS p.v. 2[, no. 3]." is the call number for this book at the New York Public Library.)]


1879 Dec 29 / (F[r]) / [LT], 3-c / q. / Lyons. [IV; 2860. "France." London Times, December 29, 1879, p. 3 c. 2-3.]


1879 Dec 30 / Trib, 1-5 / q / Dakota. [IV; 2861. “Earthquake in Dakota.” New York Tribune, December 30, 1879, p. 1 c. 5.]


1879 Dec. 30 / q throughout Savoy, Italy / 6 p.m. / N.Y. Times, 1880, Jan 30-2-7. [IV; 2862. “Notes of Foreign News.” New York Times, January 30, 1880, p. 2 c. 6-7.]


1879 Dec. 31 / BO / Same as Dominica / Near Lake of Ilopanga, where q's began on 20th, supposed crater of extinct volc., in Salvador, more shocks and violent rush of waters from the sky, carrying away trees through gullies gouged by the streams. / Panama Daily Star and Herald, Feb. 10—The water in the lake instead of increasing, subsided, and then a volc appeared, comes appearing and volumes of smoke. [IV; 2863.1, 2863.2. (Panama Daily Star and Herald, February 10, 1880.) The Ilopango volcano.]


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        

[End of Series IV.]

 
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