Last updated: April 8, 2021. - Fortean Notes

Go to content

Last updated: April 8, 2021.

Charles Hoy Fort's Notes


1846


1846:


1846 / The aerolite at Girgenti / Le Moniteur 1846/2744. [II; 912. (Le Moniteur, 1846/2744).]


1846 / Great numbers of locusts in England / Field, Oct. 3, 1857. [II; 913. (Field, Oct. 3, 1857; not at BNA).]


1846 / within 20 miles of Columbia, S.C. / Stone fell in th. storm. / N.Y.T., Jan. 22-3-4. [II; 914. (1846

New York Times, January 22, [1879??? Year???], p. 3 c. 4. Fort Wayne Weekly Sentinel, January 22, 1879, p. 14.). See: 1846 / summer, (II: 982 & 984).]


1846 / Biela's Comet / others that divided / Great comet of 1882 / Brooks of 1889 / Mellish's / 1915 / M Notices 1916-334 / (1915a). [II; 915. "Notes on some Points connected with the Recent Progress of Astronomy." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 76 (February 14, 1916): 332-363, at 334. Biela's Comet is also 3D/Biela.]


1846 / Angelique Cottin, "The Electric Girl". When she went near objects they bounded from her. When she had to sit in a chair, it bounded away from her, and a strong man could not hold it. If she touched a chair upon which a man sat, both were upset. A table, weighing 60 pounds, rose from the floor when she touched it with her apron. When she lay on a heavy bed, it rocked. The phe in daylight, witnessed by thousands of persons. I take from Holms, "Facts of Psychic Science," p. 278. The power was intermittent, strong or weak, and ceased after about 10 weeks, For particulars of investigations by Arago and other scientists, see Jour des Debats, Feb., 1846. A cool breeze flowed seemingly from her. [A; 204.1 to 204.4. Holms, Archibald Campbell. The Facts of Psychic Science and Philosophy. Jamaica, N.Y.: Occult Press, 1927, 278. "Académie des Sciences." Journal des Debats, February 18, 1846, pp. 1-2, at p. 1 c. 1-3. "La jeune fille qui s'est présentée à l'Académie des Sciences...." Journal des Debats, February 24, 1846 p. 2 c. 3-4.]


[1846 /] 1848 / Buffalo / Raps in home of the Davenport Brothers. [A; 221. Nichols, Thomas Low. A Biography of the Brothers Davenport. London: Saunders, Otley, 1864, 12.]


1846 Jan / Hairworms / Zoologist of / Cor tells of three instances at Burton-on-Trent within a few minutes of a hairworm found upon bushes immediately after a fall of rain, one that "had caught upon a piece of stick". [II; 916. Brown, Edwin. "Gordious aquaticus, supposed to fall from the atmosphere with rain." Zoologist, 4 (1846): 1220.]


[1846 Jan 6. Wrong date. See: 1846 Jan 16, (II; 917).]


1846 Jan 13 / Bielas's Comet split. [II; 918. See: 1845 Dec 29, (II; 911).]


1846 Jan 15 / Polt girl or elec. girl / Angelique Cottin. [A; 202.]


1846 Jan 15 / Begun, at La Perriere, phe of Angelique Cottin. [A; 203.]


[1846 Jan 16 /] 1846 Jan 6 / "Bolide" set fire to house. / C.R. 22/342, 427 / d'Auvissars (Côte d'Or) / See 1840. / 1842? / Nov or Dec. [II; 917. "Sur un météore qui a incendié, le 16 janvier 1846, un bâtiment d'hébergeage à la Chaux (arrondissement de Châlon-Sur-Sâone), dépendant d'une ferme appartenant à Mme, de Berbia." Comptes Rendus, 22 (1846): 342-344. "Lettre de M. Giroux à M. le général de Thiard, sur le météore qui a incendié une ferme." Comptes Rendus, 22 (1846): 427-428. On January 6, a luminous meteoric train, (resembling a comet), was observed at Charette, about 6 P.M., in the direction of Chaux. "Auvissars," (as spelled in the article), should be Auvillars-sur-Saône; and, "Charrette" should be Charette (Isère). See: 1840 Aug 3, (II; 201), and, 1842 Nov. 10 / 18 / Dec 1, about / Dec 8 / 9, (A; 157).]


1846 Jan 16 / Meteor sets fire to a building at Chaux (Chalon-sur-Saône). / C.R. 22-343. [II; 919. "Sur un météore qui a incendié, le 16 janvier 1846, un bâtiment d'hébergeage à la Chaux (arrondissement de Châlon-Sur-Sâone), dépendant d'une ferme appartenant à Mme, de Berbia." Comptes Rendus, 22 (1846): 342-344.]


1846 Jan 21 / Cambrai / podura / Mem. Soc Roy. et Cent d'Agriculture 1845-6/221. [II; 920. Bourlet. "Observations sur une prétendue pluie de podurelles, nouvelle espèce de podura." Mémoires de la Société d'Agriculture, Sciences et Arts Centrale du Département du Nord, Séant a Douai, 11 (1845-1846): 221-225. Bourlet denies that a rain of springtails could have occurred, as reported, in January, at Cambrai. No specific date is given for the rain of these "springtails."]


1846 Jan. 24 and 26 / See Ap. 4. / dates of Courrier de Constantinople, and not of falls. [II; 921. See: 1846 Ap. 3, (II; 940), and, 1846 Ap. 4, (II; 942).]


1846 Jan 26 / Trombe at Moulins / C.R. 22-344, 427. [II; 922. "Sur une trombe qui a exercé ses ravages à Moulins." Comptes Rendus, 22 (1846): 344-345. "Lettre de M. Giroux à M. le général de Thiard, sur le météore qui a incendié une ferme." Comptes Rendus, 22 (1846): 427-428. The latter article reports the luminous meteoric train observed, on January 6, at Charette, (not the whirlwind at Moulins).]


1846 Feb / Mlle Cotti[n] / The Electric Girl / An Reg '46-23. [A; 205. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 88 (1846): pt. 2, 1-204, at 23, cv. "The Electric Girl."]


1846 Feb. 3 / Switzerland and France / great met / BA 60-82. [II; 923. Greg, 83.]


1846 Feb 4 / evening / q. and rumbling sound / Staten island, N.Y. / Niles Nat. Reg, Feb 14. [II; 924. "An Earthquake was felt and heard...." Niles' Weekly Register, 69 (February 14, 1846): 384.]


1846 Feb 9 / 11:05 p.m. / Brilliant meteor / London / Athenaeum 1840-182. [II; 925. "Meteor." Athenaeum, 1846 (no. 955; February 14): 182.]


1846 Feb. 10 / ab. 9 p.m. / Enormous meteor at Caraman, France / C.R. 22-740. [II; 926. Petit, Frédéric. "Incendie causé par la chute d'un bolide; indication de quelques autres bolides remarquables observés en 1846." Comptes Rendus, 22 (1846): 739-740. Greg, 83.]


1846 Feb 11 / Nottingham / Meteor / BA 60. [II; 927. Greg, 83.]


1846 Feb. 21 / Collioure, Dept of East Pyrenees, France / 2 great united fireballs / A. J. Sci 2/32/442 / C.R. 22-740. [II; 928. Haidinger, William. "Notices of Meteoric Masses." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 32 (1861): 440-443, at 441-442. . Petit, Frédéric. "Incendie causé par la chute d'un bolide; indication de quelques autres bolides remarquables observés en 1846." Comptes Rendus, 22 (1846): 739-740. Greg, 83.]


1846 March first / Dvr / rts / L.T., 1846, March 18/5/d. [A; 206. "Appalling Affair." London Times, March 18, 1846, p. 5 c. 4.]


1846 / 1st of March / volc and aurora / Hecla / great volumes of ashes / "Every night vivid streaks of the aurora borealis illumined the sky." / LT, Ap. 30-8-1. [II; 929. "Eruptions of Mount Hecla." London Times, April 30, 1846 p. 8 c. 1. The Hekla volcano.]


[1846 March 1 /] 1846 May 1 / Toulouse / E. to W. / large fireball / BA 60. [II; 954. Greg, 83.]


1846 (March 2) / Venus Inf conj Sol / (Al). [II; 930. Inferior conjunction of Venus. Nautical Almanac and Astronomical Ephemeris, 1846, 547.]


[1846 March 5 /] 1846 May 5 / Paris / Fireball / BA 60. [II; 955. Greg, 83.]


[1846 March 10 /] 1846 May 10 / Brilliant fireball / Bonn / BA 60. [II; 957. Greg, 83.]


1846 March 15 / Dust shower / Shanghai and at sea / Jour Asiatic Soc Bengal 20/193. [II; 931. MacGowan, Daniel Jerome. "Remarks on Showers of Sand in the Chinese Plain." Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 20 (1851): 192-194, at 193.]


1846 Mar 16 / Powder of fine hairs / Shanghai / D-58. ** [II; 932. The note copies information from page 58 of The Book of the Damned. MacGowan, Daniel Jerome, and, Henry Piddington. "Examination of some atmospheric dust from Shanghae, forwarded to the Asiatic Society of Bengal." Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Bengal, 16 pt. 1 (1847): 193-199, at 195. "The dust is an olive grey powder, cohering much together, like the scrapings from a paper filter, and when viewed with the magnifier is evidently mixed with something like hairs of two kinds, black and rather thick white ones." The date of the fall was March 15, 1846.]


1846 March 21 / Toulouse; Arieges / slow met / 1/3 diameter of moon / BA 60. [II; 933. Greg, 84-85.]


1846 March 21 / 6:45 p.m. / Met in Haute-Garonne and Ariegeas if from Sirius / C.R. 23/704. [II; 934. Petit, Frédéric. "Sur le bolide du 21 mars 1846, et sur les conséquences qui sembleraient devoir résulter de son apparitition." Comptes Rendus, 23 (1846): 704-709.]


1846 March 21 / (Ch) / "Petit's Moon" / C. Rendus 23/704. [II; 935. Petit, Frédéric. "Incendie causé par la chute d'un bolide; indication de quelques autres bolides remarquables observés en 1846." Comptes Rendus, 22 (1846): 739-740. Petit, Frédéric. "Sur le bolide du 21 mars 1846, et sur les conséquences qui sembleraient devoir résulter de son apparitition." Comptes Rendus, 23 (1846): 704-709. As the director of the Toulouse observatory, Petit did not let the poor quality of the observational data interfere with his astronomical calculations. For examples, the diameter of this "bolide" was provided by Petit to within a centimeter, (87.04 meters), tho it was not observed  by anyone who was any closer than 13 kilometers to it; the period of its revolution about the Earth was calculated to within a thousandth of a second, (9898.724 seconds); and, the perigee of its orbit descended into the stratosphere, (11,458 meters above the sea-level, or, about 37,600 feet). Powell, Baden. "A Catalogue of Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1848, 1-11, at 3, cv. 1846, March 21. Lowe, 136. See: 1846 July 23, (II; 1000).]


1846 March 22 / Bagnères-de-Luchon (St. Paul) / "bolide" set fire to house. / C.R. 22-739. [II; 936. Petit, Frédéric. "Incendie causé par la chute d'un bolide; indication de quelques autres bolides remarquables observés en 1846." Comptes Rendus, 22 (1846): 739-740. Lowe, 136. Greg, 84. Saint-Paul-d'Oueil is the village about 5 kilometres from Bagnères-de-Luchon.]


1846 March 31 / Upper Silesia / quick meteor / BA 60. [II; 937. Greg, 84.]


1846 April / Hecla / Recorded under April, in An Reg, 1846, that Hecla had been in eruption some time with great discharge of ashes "Every night [vivid] streaks of [the] a.[urora] bor.[ealis] illumined the sky." [II; 938. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 88 (1846): pt. 2, 1-204, at 69, cv. "Eruptions of Mount Hecla." "Eruptions of Mount Hecla." London Times, April 30, 1846 p. 8 c. 1. The Hekla volcano.]


1846 April / Timbs' Year Book, 1848-235In the district of Jenischehir fell covering places on ground 3 or 4 inches thickGrayish white, "rather hard, and irregular in form, inodorous and insipid." [II; 939. "Fall of Manna." Timbs'  Year-Book of Facts in Science and Art, 1848, 235-236.]


1846 Ap. 3 / manna / C.R. 23/452. not 542 / See Jan 24. / Manna that fell near where the writer lived, at Zaiviel, in Sievienciany on River Wilna, 54° 45' Lat, and Long 44. In the evening a heavy warm rain fell and continued all night. Next morning thought that hail was on the ground but little balls of an unknown substance were found. Swelled up to double sizeappeared gelatinous when soaked 24 hours in water. [II; 940.1, 940.2. Tyzenhauz, Konstanty. "Note sur une substance tombée de l'atmosphere." Comptes Rendus, 23 (1846): 452-454. The fall took place on a farm, (Zaiviel's), near Smorgon, (now identified as Smarhon', Belarus). See: 1841 Jan 24 and 26, (II; 245), and, 1846 Jan. 24 and 26, (II; 921); (the latter note is only a reference dates of a newspaper's reports of falls of manna in 1841 and 1846).]


1846 Ap. 3 / Zaiviel (Wilna), bank of the Wilna (54° 45' Lat, 44° Long) / calm weather / C.R. 23-452 / Came a great cloud with tremendous electric displays in the evening. Torrents fell. Next morning found great numbers of little balls of different sizes, from hazelnut to walnut, unknown substance, almost gelatinous. The dried specimens were spongy, pasty and fibrous, grayishhaving a taste slightly like flour, from which a white meal or flour could be made. Spread a sweetish odor when burned. Swelled into double volume in water and looked gelatinous. [II; 941.1, 941.2, 941.3. Tyzenhauz, Konstanty. "Note sur une substance tombée de l'atmosphere." Comptes Rendus, 23 (1846): 452-454.]


1846 Ap. 4 / Gelat / Lithuania / (D-48). [II; 942. The note copies information from page 48 of The Book of the Damned. Tyzenhauz, Konstanty. "Note sur une substance tombée de l'atmosphere." Comptes Rendus, 23 (1846): 452-454. The fall took place at Smorgon, Belorussia, (Smarhon', Belarus); and, the substance was discovered on the ground following a thunderstorm with heavy rain, starting April 3 and lasting all night.]


1846 Ap. 4 / = Manna. [II; 943.]


1846 / Gelat like Wilna / Asia Minor. / D-48. ** [II; 944. The note copies information from page 48 of The Book of the Damned. Tyzenhauz, Konstanty. "Note sur une substance tombée de l'atmosphere." Comptes Rendus, 23 (1846): 452-454.]


1846 April 4 / Gelat. / See June 17, 1890. [II; 945. See: 1890 June 17, (VI; 2022).]


1846 April 13 / Hecla still going strongfrom Sept. 2. "Each night, the sky was brilliant with the northern lights."  YB '47/275. [II; 946. "Eruptions of Hecla." Timbs'  Year-Book of Facts in Science and Art, 1847, 275. The Hekla volcano.]


1846 Ap. 15 / Hecla still continuing. / L.T., July 1-8-d. [II; 947. "Iceland." London Times, July 1, 1846, p. 8 c. 4. The Hekla volcano.]


1846 Ap. 22 / (B. rain) / North of Worcestershire / 11 a.m.-1 p.m. / Black rain that turned the waters of 4 rivers black. / Thomson, Intro to Met, p. 155 / See Hecla, Sept 5, 1845. [II; 948. Thomson, David Purdie. Introduction to Meteorology. Edinburgh and London: W. Blackwood and Sons, 1849, 155. Thomson says that the water smelled of soot and suggests its origins in coal-fields. Fort refers to the black dust that fell in the Orkneys, after an eruption of Hecla. There is no note dated September 5, 1846. See: 1845 Sept 2, (II; 869).]


1846 / early in / See Ap. 30. / Dry fogs Eng and Scotland, particularly in the Highlands of Scotland / "half putrefaction, half sulphurous stench" / Chambers' Journal 9-308. [II; 949. "Dry Fogs." Chambers' Edinburgh Journal, n.s., 9 (1848): 307-310, at 308. See: 1846 Ap. 30, (II; 951).]


1846 Ap. 25 / Eclipse sun / Amer Jour Sci 2/1/289. [II; 950. "Note on the Eclipse of the Sun of April next." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 1 (1846): 289-292.]


1846 Ap. 30 / [LT], 8-a / Hecla / See July 1. [II; 951. "Eruptions of Mount Hecla." London Times, April 30, 1846 p. 8 c. 1. See: 1846 July 1, (II; 989). The Hekla volcano.]


1846 May / (volc) / (aurora) / (dust) / Hecla / "Every night vivid streaks of the aurora borealis illumined the sky." / An Reg. [II; 952. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 88 (1846): pt. 2, 1-204, at 69, cv. "Eruptions of Mount Hecla." "Eruptions of Mount Hecla." London Times, April 30, 1846 p. 8 c. 1. The Hekla volcano.]


1846 May [8] / Metites / On both banks of river Potenza, 8 miles N.E. of Macerata, Italy, 9 a.m., violent detonations.  Like Sept 16, 1843, near Nordhausen. / A J Sci. 2/3/142. [II; 953. "Fall of Meteorites." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 3 (1847): 142-143.]


[1846 May 1. Wrong date. See: 1846 March 1, (II; 954).]


[1846 May 5. Wrong date. See: 1846 March 5, (II; 955).]


1846 May 8 / (F) / 9:30 a.m. / Macerata, Ancona, Italy / Metite / BA 60-84. [II; 956. Fletcher, 101. This is the Monte Milone, (or Pollenza), meteorite. Greg, 84.]


[1846 May 10. Wrong date. See: 1846 March 10, (II; 957).]


1846 May 10 / Intense darkness and a hurricane of dust at Nottingham followed by th. storm, ab. 1 p.m. / Timbs'  '47-281. [II; 958. "Hurricane in Nottinghamshire." Timbs'  Year-Book of Facts in Science and Art, 1847, 281. Lowe, Edward Joseph. A Treatise on Atmospheric Phenomena. London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, 1846, 193-194.]


1846 May 11 / [LT], 4-a / Fossil. [A; 207. "Discovery of a Plesiosaurus." London Times, May 11, 1846, p. 4 c. 1.]


1846 May 15-16 / night / off Algeria / Dust / La Nature 8-103. [II; 959. Tissandier, Gaston. "Les Pluies de Poussière." La Nature, 1877 pt. 1 (no. 189, January 13): 102-106, and, (no. 190, January 20): 115-118, at 103.]


[1846 May 15-16 /] 1847 / night, May 15-16 / Algeria / Shower dust / C.R. 24/566 / Is this 1846? [II; 1115. "M. Leps, lieutenant de vaisseau...." Comptes Rendus, 24 (1847): 566. The date of this phenomenon was in 1846, (not 1847).]


1846 May 15 / Mediterranean / fall of sand / C.R. 83/1185. [II; 960. Tissandier, Gaston. "Sur une pluie de poussière tombée à Boulogne-sur-Mer, le 9 octobre 1876, et sur le mode de formation des pluies terreuses en général." Comptes Rendus, 83 (1876): 1184-1186, at 1185.]


1846 May 16 / (Ref) / Rain yellowish-brown at Syam (Jura) and Chambery / Mems. Ac. Sci. Lyon, N.S., 13-185 / Ac. 364/2. [II; 961. Fournet, Joseph Jean Baptiste Xavier. "Sur les Pluies de Terre Observées Depuis Quel-ques Années dans le Bassin du Rhone." Mémoires de l'Académie des sciences, belles-lettres et arts de Lyon. Classe des Sciences, s. 2 v. 13 (1863): 185-245, at 186-188, 214. "Ac. 364/2" is the shelfmark at the British Library.]


1846 May 16 / (+) / Pollen / Dust at Genoa / Dust, pollen in the dust. / Am J. Sci 2/4/423 / Many organic forms in it. [II; 962. "Ehrenberg on the Sirocco-dust that fell at Genoa on the 16th May, 1846." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 4 (1847): 423.]


1846 May 16 / Dust / a ferruginous dust / Genoa / Edin N. Ph. J. 42-375. [II; 963. "Note on the Atmospheric Dust which fell at Genoa on 16th of May, 1846." Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 42 (1846-1847): 375-376.]


1846 May 22, about / Montreal Gazette of copied in London D. News, July 1 / Considerable number of shad flies in Montreal. [II; 964. "Natural History." London Daily News, July 1, 1846, p. 4 c. 2. The article simply notes the coincidence of the appearance of the "shad fly," (or mayflies), with the appearance of the anadromous shad fish in rivers, with the suggestion that the hatching of the fly larvae occurs at the same water temperature that triggers the spawning of the shad, (or, Alosinae fish). (Montreal Gazette, May-June, 1846, the next Daily News article refers to May 21 issue).]


[1846 May 30, July 10, Sept 12, Oct 29, 31, Dec 2 /] 1848 May 30, July 10, Sept 12, Oct 29, 31, Dec 2 / Q's / New Eng. / See Nov 9, 1810. [II; 1188. Brigham, William T. "Volcanic Manifestations in New England." Memoirs Read Before the Boston Society of Natural History, 2 (1871/1878): 1-28, at 18. See: 1810 Nov 9, (I; 308).]


1846 June- July / England / Spon Comb green trees / Times, 1846, July 17/8/d. [A; 208. "Spontaneous Combustion." London Times, July 17, 1846, p. 8 c. 4.]


1846 June 3 / Great det met / Moreton Bay, Australia / BA 60. [II; 965. Greg, 84. Lowe, 136.]


1846 June 7 / Darmstadt / Stonefall, ac. to Poggendorf's Annalen, 4-377 / BA 60. [II; 966. Greg, 84. Boguslawski, Georg von. "Zehnter Nachtrag zu Chladni's Verzeichnisse der Feuermeteore und herabgefallenen Massen (Wien 1819)." Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Ergänzungsband, 4 (1854): 1-155, 353-456; at 377.]


1846 June 7 / Darmstadt / "not a stonefall, only slag / BA 67-416 / D-69. [II; 967. The note copies information from page 69 of The Book of the Damned. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1866-67." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1867, 288-430, at 416.]


1846 June 8-16 / Great q. / Greece / BA '11. [II; 968. A class III earthquake. Milne, 708.]


[1846 June 9 /] 1847 June 9 / Volc eruption / Vavau group islands, near Samoa / Niles Nat Register, Sept 25, 1847. [II; 1118. "Volcanic Eruption in the Pacific." Niles' Weekly Register, 73 (September 25, 1847): 64. Spennemann, Dirk H.R. The June 1846 Eruption of Fonualei Volcano, Tonga: An Historical Analysis. Albury, N.S.W., Australia: Johnstone Centre, Charles Sturt University, 2004. Spennemann clarifies from old newspapers and ships' logs that the erupting volcano was Fonualei and that the date of the eruption was in 1846.]


1846 June 14 or 7 / Ext. whirlwind at Greenheys, ac to Manchester Guardian before 20th / Ac to Notts Mercury before 27th / another peculiar whirl near Derby / hay taken up and held suspended half an hour. [II; 969. ("Extraordinary Atmospheric Phenomenon." Manchester Guardian, June (betw. 7 and 18, 1846.) (London Morning Post, gives story from MG on 18th) "A Whirlwind." Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser, June 17, 1846, p. 4 c. 7. "Sunday evening, near six o'clock...." (Ac to Notts Mercury before 27th: not at BNA.) The Derby whirlwind was on June 16, 1846. See: 1846 June 16, (II; 971).]


1846 June 16 / at least to / Shocks in Greece, though less violent, still continuing. / D. News, July 4. [II; 970. "Greece.The Late Earthquakes." London Daily News, July 4, 1846, p. 4 c. 2.]


1846 June 16 / 2:30 p.m. / Derby / Several waggon-loads of hay caught up from a field and held suspended nearly 1/2 hour. / Times 20-7-6. [II; 971. "Singular Phenomenon." London Times, June 20, 1846, p. 7 c. 6. "Singular Phenomenon." Derby Mercury, June 17, 1846, p. 3 c. 1. "Yesterday (Tuesday), about half-past two o'clock in the afternoon, a sudden whirlwind carried away several waggon loads of hay from a field belonging to Miss Clay, on the Osmaston-road, Derby. The hay was held suspended in the air for nearly half an hour, and gradually fell, spreading over the neighbouring fields and gardens. With the exception of the particular locality, not a breath of air was stirring. Many persons witnessed the phenomenon."]


1846 June 19 / Rhenish Provinces / Fireball / BA 60. [II; 972. Greg, 84.]


1846 June 20 / 8:30 p.m. / Autun, France / Fireball / BA 60. [II; 973. Greg, 84. Lowe, 136. Thomson, David Purdie. Introduction to Meteorology. Edinburgh and London: W. Blackwood and Sons, 1849, 305. "On June 20, 1846, about 8.5 p.m., a bolis was witnessed at Marieux near Autun, Saone et Loire; it was of a violet colour, and seemed a yard in circumference. It continued visible about a minute, and descended perpendicularly to the horizon, giving off five other balls, each nearly one-fourth the size of the parent mass, which nevertheless preserved its original volume; before disappearing it burst into
sparks spreading far and wide." "A very curious meteor was observed...." London Standard, July 3, 1846, p. 2 c. 3.]


1846 June 21 / Belgium, Baden, Bavaria / Large met / N to S / BA 60. [II; 974. Greg, 84.]


1846 June 21 / Smyrna, Asia Minor / q / II / BA '11. [II; 975. A class II earthquake. Milne, 708.]


1846 June 25 / q. / Smyrna / L.T., July 20-8-a. [II; 976. "Earthquake at Smyrna." London Times, July 20, 1846, p. 8 c. 1.]


1846 June 27 / Vesuvius especially violent. / Leeds Times, July 25. [II; 977. "A letter from Naples of the 27th ultimo...." Leeds Times, July 25, 1846, p. 6 c. 2.]


1846 June 29 / Parma / Fireball / BA 60. [II; 978. Greg, 84. Lowe, 136.]


1846 / last of June / frogs / River Humber, England / MWR 45/221 / L. Times, July 7/1846. [II; 979. McAtee, Waldo L. "Showers of Organic Matter." Monthly Weather Review, 45 (May 1917): 217-224, at 221. "A Shower of Frogs!" London Times, July 7, 1846, p. 7 c. 2.]


1846 June 25 / "Hull Packet," July 3 / Little frogs fell upon vessels in the Humber. The seacoast was "covered with myriads of them". Near Hull. [II; 980. "A Shower of Frogs." Hull Packet, July 3, 1846, p. 5 c. 6. "During the heavy thunderstorm of yesterday week a shower of frogs fell from one of the surcharged clouds over the Humber, several dropped on the decks of vessels navigating the river, and a portion of the coast near Killingholme Lights was for a time covered by myriads of the strange arrivals."]


1846 / summer / Dumfrieshire / great numbers of the rare Convolvulus [Hawk-]moth / Symon's Met 27-144. [II; 981. Mathison, John. "Butterflies." Symons's Meteorological Magazine, 27 (October 1892): 144.]


1846 / summer / (th. stone) / "A very peculiar meteoric stone which was seen to fall at Richland, South Carolina, during a violent thundergust in the summer of 1846," ac to Prof. Shepard. / A. J. Sci 2/10/127 / almost perfectly round, 2 1/10 inches in diameter / glazed outsideinside, the appearance of firebrick. [II; 982.1, 982.2. "Prof. C.U. Shepard on Meteorites." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 10 (1850): 127-129. Shepard, Charles Upham. A Treatise on Mineralogy. 3rd edition. New Haven, Charles Upham Shepard, 1857, 437. Shepard lists this stone as one of his "Doubtful Meteoric Stones" and its date as "summer of 1846 or 1847." Shepard, Charles Upham, "Account of Three New American Meteorites...." Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 3 (1850): 147-157, at 147-148. "This stone was put into my hands a year ago, by Dr. Robert W. Gibbes, of Columbia, to whom it had been presented by Mrs. English, on whose estate (situated 20 miles east of Columbia,) it had been seen to fall during a violent thunder storm in the summer of 1846. The negro who witnessed its descent, ran immediately to the spot; and after digging to the depth of eighteen inches, picked it up and brought it to his mistress, with the remarkable expression, that it was a 'lump of solid thunder.'" "It differs from all meteoric stones hitherto observed, in figure as well as composition. It is nearly round, and almost perfectly smooth, having only very slight elevations and depressions over its surface. Its diameter is two and a-half inches, and its weight six and a-half ounces." "On being slit through the centre by the lapidary, it is observed to present an uniform yellowish white color, much resembling that of the common fire-brick. A few minute grains of transparent quartz are visible throughout its substance, which is otherwise perfectly homogeneous. It is close grained and rather firm in texture. The crust is light reddish brown, and shining, without, but darker within ; and is thicker than in most meteoric stones. The thickness, however, is uniform, and it is firmly adherent to the mass. In small fragments, it is attractable by the magnet." Rammelsberg, Karl Friedrich August. "On some North American meteorites." American Journal of Science, s. 2, 34 (1862): 297-298. Rammelsberg, Karl Friedrich August. “Ueber einige nordamerikanische Meteoriten.” Journal für Praktische Chemie, 85 (1862): 83-88, at 88. “Auch diese Substanz halte ich für einen Thon; vielleicht ist sie ein Fragment eines Ziegels.” “Richland, South Carolina” refers to the Richland District, (now, Richland County); however, the plantation occupied by Mrs. Maria Elizabeth Preston English, (the wife of Col. John English), was located along the Wateree River, about 13 miles south of Camden, and a little more than 20 miles east of Columbia, South Carolina.]


1846 / summer / Great numbers of a rare hawk moth / Symon's Met. 27/144. [II; 983. Mathison, John. "Butterflies." Symons's Meteorological Magazine, 27 (October 1892): 144.]


1846 / summer / Stone was seen to fall at Richland, S.C., during a violent thundergust / described in A. J. Sci 2/10/127 by Prof. Shepard / almost perfectly round, 2 1/10 inches in diameter / glazed outsideinside, the appearance of firebrick. [II; 984. "Prof. C.U. Shepard on Meteorites." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 10 (1850): 127-129.]


1846 / summer / Etna / See back, May 9. [II; 985. See: (May 9; not found).]


1846 / summer / See to birds, Oct 1-18, 1846. [II; 986. See: 1846 Oct 16-17, (II; 1053).]


1846 June / Frgs / Brief mention / L.T., July 7-7-b. [II; 987. "A Shower of Frogs!" London Times, July 7, 1846, p. 7 c. 2. See: 1846 June 25, (II; 980).]


1846 June 25 / In heavy th storm, ac to Hull Packet, July 3, frogs dropped upon vessels in the river Humber, and the coast near Kilingholme Light was "covered with myriads of the strange arrivals". [II; 988. "A Shower of Frogs." Hull Packet, July 3, 1846, p. 5 c. 6.]


1846 July 1 / [LT], 8-d / Hecla. [II; 989. "Iceland." London Times, July 1, 1846, p. 8 c. 4. The Hekla volcano.]


1846 July 3 / Clouds of gnats at Manchester / Zoologist 4-1444. [II; 990. Webster, Thomas. "Immense swarm of Gnats." Zoologist, 4 (1846): 1444.]


1846 July 5 / Great thunderstorms in England. (See Times.) At Sholver, near Oldham, "large quantities of hay were carried up by the whirlwind, and entirely disappeared. Similar phe in another place. / Leeds Times, July 11-8-1. [II; 991. (London Times, July, 1846.) "Oldham.Singular Storm." Leeds Times, July 11, 1846, p. 8 c. 1.]


1846 July 5 / Tremendous migration of Painted Lady, at Dover. Supposed from Calais. / LT, 1879, Aug 15-12-4. [II; 992. Morris, Francis Orpen. "The 'Painted-Lady' Butterfly." London Times, August 15, 1879,  p. 12 c. 4. Morris, Francis Orpen. A History of British Butterflies. London: Groombridge, 1853, 21. The butterflies migrating in 1846 were the small white, (not the painted lady).]


1846 July 5 / From France to Dovervast swarms of painted lady butterflies / L.T., Aug 15, 1879 / Darkening the air and / after them, an hour or so, a gale from their direction. [II; 993. Morris, Francis Orpen. "The 'Painted-Lady' Butterfly." London Times, August 15, 1879,  p. 12 c. 4. Morris, Francis Orpen. A History of British Butterflies. London: Groombridge, 1853, 21. The butterflies migrating in 1846 were the small white, (not the painted lady).]


1846 July 7 / Invasion of coast of Kent, by white butterflies. / Zoologist, 4-1443. [II; 994. "Extraordinary Flight of Butterflies." Zoologist, 4 (1846): 1443. "Extraordinary Flight of Butterflies." Canterbury Journal, Kentish Times and Farmers' Gazette, July 11, 1846, p. 3 c. 5. "Such was the density and extent of the cloud formed by the living mass, that it completely obscured the sun from the people on board our continental steamers, on their passage, for many hundreds of yards, while the insects strewed the decks in all directions." "New Romney." Kentish Gazette, July 14, 1846, p. 3 c. 2. "Swarms of white butterflies are now to be seen in every direction. From an account in the Dover Telegraph, it appears that a flight of them was seen over the seas a few days since having the appearance of a snow cloud." "Extraordinary Flight of Butterflies." Taunton Courier and Western Advertiser, July 15, 1846, p. 3 c. 4.]


1846 July 9 / Extraordinary flight of butterflies across the Channel from France to Englanda cloud of them that obscured the sun. / An. Reg. [II; 995. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 88 (1846): pt. 2, 1-204, at 105, cv. "Extraordinary Flight of Butterflies."]


1846 July 12 / Paris / 10:15 p.m. / Meteor / BA 60. [II; 996. Greg, 84.]


1846 July 13 / Between Cologne and Ostend, prodigious numbers of butterflies of the Pontia rapae. / Gardeners' Chronicle, Aug 1. [II; 997. "Butterflies." Gardeners' Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, 1846 no. 31 (August 1): 517.]


1846 July 13 / 9:30 p.m. / Va., Del., N.J., N.Y., Conn / great met / full details in Am. J. Sci 2/41/347. [II; 998. Kirkwood, Daniel. "On the Meteoric Fireball of July 13th, 1846." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 41 (1866): 347-351.]


1846 July 17 / [LT, 8-d / Spon. Comb. [A; 209. "Spontaneous Combustion." London Times, July 17, 1846, p. 8 c. 4.]


1846 July 18 / Leeds Times of / A black swan and an African horned owl shot in dif. parts of England. Also a great flight of butterflies over the Channel. An hour after their arrival in England, though it was calm when they came, came a great gale in the direction they travelled in. [II; 999.1, 999.2. "A Black Swan Shot." Leeds Times, July 18, 1846, p. 6 c. 5. "Remarkable Occurrence." Leeds Times, July 18, 1846, p. 5 c. 2. The "great horned or eagle owl" was captured, (not shot). "Extraordinary Flight of Butterflies." Leeds Times, July 18, 1846, p. 8 c. 4.]


1846 July 23 / Bolide at Toulouse / C.R. 25-259. [II; 1000. Petit, Frédéric. "Sur le bolide du 23 juillet 1846." Comptes Rendus, 25 (1847): 259-262. Petit thought that this bolide was the same one observed on January 5, 1837, (I; 2163 and 2164), and on March 21, 1846, (II; 935), and, that it was in orbit about the earth. Lowe, 136. "M. Pettit, of Toulouse, states that he has identified a meteor which is 3000 miles distant from the earth, and which revolves around our globe in 3h. 20m." Powell, Baden. "A Catalogue of Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1848, 1-11, at 3, cv. 1846, July 23. Greg, 84. The next time that Petit's meteoric "Moon" was observed was when it interfered with the trajectory of the spaceship in a science fiction novel. Verne, Jules. Autour de la Lune. Paris: Hertzel, 1872, 19. Impey Barbicane says: "Oui, mon ami, deux Lunes, bien qu’elle passe généralement pour n’en posséder qu’une. Mais cette seconde Lune est si petite et sa vitesse est si grande, que les habitants de la Terre ne peuvent l’apercevoir. C’est en tenant compte de certaines perturbations qu’un astronome français, M. Petit, a su déterminer l’existence de ce second satellite et en calculer les éléments. D’après ses observations, ce bolide accomplirait sa révolution autour de la Terre en trois heures vingt minutes seulement, ce qui implique une vitesse prodigieuse."]


1846 July 25 / Gardeners' Chronicle of / Black swan shot on the river Eden, near Niddie Mill. Believed to be the only occurrence in Great Britain. [II; 1001. "Black Swan." Gardeners' Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, 1846 no. 30 (July 25): 503.]


1846 July 25 / B. swan / Chronicle, Aug 1, said should be Niddie Mill. Cor had written believed it was an escaped black swansaid that on a previous evening it been seen on river near Clayton, "perfectly tame". [II; 1002. "Black Swan." Gardeners' Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, 1846 no. 31 (August 1): 518.]


1846 July 25 / [LT], 5-3 / Many meteors. [II; 1003. "To the Editor of the Times." London Times, July 25, 1846, p. 5 c. 5.]


1846 July 25 / (Ch) / (Cut) / Gloucester / Opening cloudthing size of moon falls and returns to cloud. / Brit Assoc 1852/188 / C-29+. [II; 1004. Powell, Baden. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1851-52." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1852, Reports on the State of Science, 178-239, at 188. "According to her account, it seemed as though it proceeded downwards from an opening cloud, and was instantly withdrawn into the cloud again; but probably this retrograde motion may have been a deception." Lowe, 136. Greg, 84. See: (Notes for "C-29+").]


1846 July 29 / q. / Bel / C. et. T 8/38. [II; 1005. Lancaster, Albert Benoît Marie. "Les Tremblements de terre en Belgique." Ciel et Terre, 8 (March 16, 1887): 25-43, at 38.]


1846 Aug 1 / N.M. / Great hail / London / Symons' Met M. 12-82. [II; 1006. Symons, George James. "Hailstorm in North London." Symons's Meteorological Magazine, 12 (July 1877): 82-83.]


1846 Aug 1 / One of the most terrific th. storms in Kent, England. / Galignani's Messenger, May 7-3-3, 1849. [II; 1007. "Tremendous Thunder and Hail Storm." Galignani's Messenger, May 7, 1849, p. 3 c. 3.]


1846 Aug 1 / Day of tremendous th storm in London and other parts of England / a tidal wave several feet high at Penzance, Cornwall / D. NewsSept 10. [II; 1008. "Extraordinary Agitation of the Sea." London Daily News, September 10, 1846, p. 3 c. 4.]


1846 Aug 3 to Sept / q's / China / 7-9, 14Italy / 17Switzerland / 18Siberia / q's / BA '11. [II; 1009. Milne, 708.]


1846 Aug 3to Sept / China / q's / 7-9Italy / 14Italy / 17Switzerland / 18Siberia / q's / BA '11 / Sim q's / Feb. 18, 1889. [II; 1010. Milne, 708. See: 1889 Feb. 18, (VI; 1555).]


1846 Aug 10 / Few mets / at Dijon / 14 in one hour / BA 47-16. [II; 1011. Powell, Baden. "On Periodic Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1847, Notices and Abstracts, 15-16, at 16.]


1846 Aug 10 / 5 p.m. / Met. iron / Co. Down, Ireland / A. J. Sci 2/11/37. [II; 1012. Shepard, Charles Upham. "On Meteorites." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 11 (1851): 36-40, at 37. Greg, 84.]


1846 Aug 12, 13 / Sept 12, 19 / Oct 24, 28 / It / Sounds / Sound phe / Italy / See 1816. [II; 1013. Cancani, Adolfo. "Rombi sismici." Bollettino della Società Sismologica Italiana, 7 (1901-1902): 23-47, at 37. See: 1816, (I; 547).]


[1846 Aug 13. Wrong date. See: 1846 Sept. 13, (II; 1014).]


1846 Aug 14 / qItaly / BA '11. [II; 1015. A class III earthquake. Milne, 708.]


1846 Aug 14 / Leghorn / qs to 21st / D. News, Sept. 1 / At Pisa before the q., heat was suffocating. / D. News-Sept.4. [II; 1016. "The Earthquake at Pisa." London Daily News, September 4, 1846, p. 2 c. 5.]


1846 Aug 14 / q. / Tuscany / preceded by suffocating heat / details of q. in Niles Nat Register, Oct. 3. [II; 1017. "The Earthquake in Italy." Niles' Weekly Register, 71 (October 3, 1846): 68-69. "I felt a suffocating heat, accompanied by an inexpressibly painful sensation. I attributed this phenomenon to the air of Pisa, which is heavy for my constitution, and which made me say several times to the keeper of the museum, 'The air of Pisa is on fire to day.' Never prophecy was more suddenly realized."]


1846 Aug 14 / 12:50 p.m. / q. / Leghorn. / boiling water cast up from earth / "There was a thick haze, which did not fail to make a sinister impression." / D. News, 25th. [II; 1018. "Italy.Earthquake in Tuscany." London Daily News, August 25, 1846, p. 3 c. 4.]


1846 Aug 14 / q in Tuscany / had been preceded by a great drought all summer. C.R. 23/476 / 468 / especially in Naples and Tuscany. [II; 1019. "Extrait d'une Lettre de M. L. Pilla à M. Arago, sur le tremblement de terre qui vient de bouleverser une partie de la Toscane." Comptes Rendus, 23 (1846): 468-477.]


1846 Aug, Sept / Many locusts in England / Zoologist 5/1678. [II; 1020. Sherwood, William. "Occurrence of the Locust near Hull." Zoologist, 5 (1847): 1678. "Locusts." Hull Packet, September 11, 1846, p. 5 c. 6. "Locusts." Hull Packet, September 25, 1846, p. 8 c. 5. (Mark Lane Express, September 14, October 12, 1846. Stirling Observer, 1846.) Bold, T.J. "Occurrence of the Locust at Newcastle-on-Tyne." Zoologist, 5 (1847): 1900. Bond, Frederick, "Occurrence of the Locust near York." Zoologist, 5 (1847): 1900. Rudd, T.S. "Occurrence of the Locust at Redcar." Zoologist, 5 (1847): 1900. Newman, Edward. "Reappearance of the Locust." Zoologist, 5 (1847): 1900-1901.]


1846 Aug 14 / The Red Sea volc / smoke from Zebayer Islands / Red Sea / Athenaeum 1846-1226. [II; 1021. "Volcano in the Red Sea." Athenaeum, 1846 (no. 996; November 28): 1226.]


1846 Aug 14 / 12:50 p.m. / Leghorn, Italy / disastrous shock / sky clear but a thick mist / L.T., Aug 25-5-e. [II; 1022. "The Late Earthquake at Leghorn." London Times, August 25, 1846, p. 5 c. 5.]


1846 Aug 14 / Men in mines felt no shock. / [LT, Sept 1-6-e / But fissures opened in the ground. [II; 1023. "The Late Earthquakes in Italy." London Times, September 1, 1846, p. 6 c. 5.]


1846 Aug 14 / Smoke from supposed extinct volc on Saddle Island, Red Sea, time of squally weather, thunder and lightning. / L.T., Sept. 23-3-d. [II; 1024. "Volcano in the Red Sea." London Times, September 23, 1846, p. 3 c. 4. There is no mention of an earthquake, only smoke from the summit of the island.]


1846 Aug. 14 / Cape Girardeau, Missouri / Met / (F). [II; 1025. Fletcher, 101. This is the Cape Girardeau meteorite.]


1846 Aug. 14 / It / Pisan Hills / great q / [BA '11. [II; 1026. A class III earthquake. Milne, 708.]


1846 Aug. 17 / Dijon / N.W. to S.E. / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1027. Greg, 84.]


1846 Aug 18 / Irkutsk / q / BA '11. [II; 1028. A class I earthquake. Milne, 708.]


1846 Aug 24 / Aurora / brilliant / Boston, Mass / D. NewsSept. 16. [II; 1029.  "Earthquake." London Daily News, September 16, 1846, p. 2 c. 5.]


1846 Aug 24 / Dordogne / E to W / great met. / BA 60. [II; 1030. Greg, 84.]


1846 Aug / great q's. in China / [BA] ' 11. [II; 1031. Several class III earthquakes. Milne, 708.]


1846 Aug 25 / 5 a.m. / q / Mass. / Niles Nat Reg., Aug 29. [II; 1032. "Earthquake." Niles' Weekly Register, 70 (August 29, 1846): 416.]


1846 Aug 25 / 2:30 a.m. / Meteor / Dordogne / C.R. 23-549. [II; 1033. "Sur un météore lumineux." Comptes Rendus, 23 (1846): 549-550.]


1846 Aug 26 / 4:55 a.m. / Boston and other parts Mass / q. / D. News, Sept 16. [II; 1034. "Earthquake." London Daily News, September 16, 1846, p. 2 c. 5.]


1846 Aug. 27 / 9:50 a.m. / Another damaging shock / Leghorn / D. NewsSept. 5. [II; 1035. "Leghorn." London Daily News, September 5, 1846, p. 2 c. 4.]


1846 Sept / About three pages of records of captures of locusts in various parts of England / Zoologist 4-1518. [II; 1036. (Numerous articles regarding locusts.) Zoologist,  4 (1846): 1518-1521.]


1846 Sept / About 20 captures of Vanessa antiopa (C. Beauty), various parts of England. / Zoologist 4-1506. [II; 1039. (Numerous articles regarding Vanessa Antiopa.) Zoologist, 4 (1846): 1505-1507.]


1846 Sept 1 / [LT], 6-b / Wild man of the prairies. [A; 210. "The Wild Man of the Prairies." London Times, September 1, 1846, p. 6 c. 2.]


1846 Sept 10 / D. News of / Russia? / Immense swarms of locusts in the districts of Cherson and Tauris. / D. News, Sept 10. [II; 1037. "A Plague of Locusts." London Daily News, September 10, 1846, p. 2 c. 6. "Accounts from different parts of the districts of Cherson and Tauris state that immense swarms of locusts had made their appearance, advancing like a mighty host, leaving devastation behind them, eating up the grass as they progressed without leaving a vestige of it behind." Kherson and the Taurida Governorate are in the Ukraine and Crimea.]


1846 Sept 12 / Gardeners' Chronicle of / Large flight of locusts over Hendon. Settled on hedges and attracted a crowd to watch them. [II; 1038. "A Large Flight of Locusts...." Gardeners' Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, 1846 no. 37 (September 12): 615.]


[1846 Sept. 13 /] 1846 Aug 13 / 10:47 p.m. / Paris / meteor from B of Cygnus / C.R. 23-550. [II; 1014. "Sur une étoile filante observée à Paris le 13 septembre 1846, à 10h 47m." Comptes Rendus, 23 (1846): 550.]


1846 Sept. 19 / Ap of Madonna, La Salette / France / L Times, 1873, Aug 22/3/[note crumbling]. [A; 211. "A French Pilgrimage." London Times, August 22, 1873, p. 3 c. 3-4.]


1846 Sept 23 / [LT], 3-d / Volc in Red Sea. [II; 1040. "Volcano in the Red Sea." London Times, September 23, 1846, p. 3 c. 4. See: 1846 Aug 14, (II; 1024).]


1846 Sept 25 / London, etc. / Met. det. / BA 60. [II; 1041. Greg, 84. Lowe, 136.]


1846 Sept 25 / 10 p.m. / Londonmeteor light so powerful like daylight / 30 seconds / D. News, 26th. [II; 1042. "Extraordinary Meteor." London Daily News, September 26, 1846, p. 3 c. 2. "Extraordinary Meteor." Athenaeum, 1846 (no. 988; October 3): 1023.]


1846 Sept 26 / Gardeners' Chronicle of / At Stowmarket, 4 specimens of Sphinx convolvuli, an exceedingly rare moth at Stowmarket. [II; 1043. "Rare Moths and Butterflies." Gardeners' Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, 1846 no. 39 (September 26): 645-646.]


1846 Sept 27 / City in sky over Liverpoolsupposed to be mirage of Edinburgh. There was at the time a panoramic mod[el] of City of Edinburgh and a party at Liverpool, perhaps suggesting the "identification". / Rept B. Assoc 1847/2/39. [II; 1044. Thomson, David Purdie. "On an extraordinary Mirage witnessed at Birkenhead in Cheshire." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1847, Notices and Abstracts, 39. "The author states that, during an exhibition of a panoramic model of Edinburgh, in the Zoological Gardens at Liverpool, on Sept. 27, 1846, about 3 P.M., an erect image of Edinburgh, depicted on the clouds over Liverpool, was seen by two residents in the Great Park at Birkenhead, for a period of forty minutes."]


1846 Oct / Russia / polt in pile of logs. [A; 212.]


[1846 Oct 1. Wrong date. See: 1846 Dec 1, (II; 1045).]


1846 Oct 9 / 8:05 p.m. / bolide at Dijon / C.R. 23/986. [I; 1046. "Globe lumineux observé à Dijon, dans la soirée du 9 novembre 1846." Comptes Rendus, 23 (1846): 986.]


1846 Oct 9 / 8:45 p.m. / 10th,  8 p.m. / great mets at Ferté-sous-Jouarre / CR 23-718. [II; 1047. "M. Rigault adresse...." Comptes Rendus, 23 (1846): 718.]


1846 Oct. 9 / 9 p.m. / Great detonating meteor at Chartres / C.R. 23-814 / and Troyes / Said that at Loiret, ab 10 p.m., great met. [II; 1048. Charles. "Sur le bolide du 9 octobre 1846." Comptes Rendus, 23 (1846): 814-815.]


1846 Oct. 9 / Paris, Orleans, etc. / Met. det. / B.A. 60. [II; 1049. Greg, 84. Lowe, 136.]


1846 Oct. 9 / 9:15 p.m. / Paris / bolide size of moon / C.R. 23-718. [II; 1050. "M. Rigault adresse...." Comptes Rendus, 23 (1846): 718.]


1846 Oct 10 / It / Sounds / Orciana (Toscana) / "subterranean rumblings" / See 1816. [II; 1051. Cancani, Adolfo. "Rombi sismici." Bollettino della Società Sismologica Italiana, 7 (1901-1902): 23-47, at 39. See: 1816, (I; 547).]


1846 Oct 11 / Destructive hurricane / Cuba / N.Y. Herald, Nov 23-2-3+. [II; 1052. "Intelligence from Cuba and Yucatan." New York Herald, November 23, 1846, p. 2 c. 3.]


1846 Oct 16-17 / Many birds with the dust storm. / C.R. 24-625. [II; 1053. "Notice sur une pluie de terre, tombée dans les départements de la Drôme, de l'Isère, du Rhône et de l'Ain, les 16 et 17 octobre 1846." Comptes Rendus, 24 (1847): 625-626.]


1846 Oct 16 and 17 / Southeastern France / Rain of organic substances./ Details in La Sci Pour Tous, 1-127. Came all at once, after an uninterrupted rain of several dayslike drops of blood and decomposed like separation in a drop of blood of the serum from the red corpuscles. According to analysis by a chemist, it was earthy matter. [II; 1054.1, 1054.2. Lecouturier. "Substances Organiques Tombées de l'Atmosphere." La Science Pour Tous, 1 (no. 16; March 27, 1856): 127-128. Fournet, Joseph Jean Baptiste Xavier. "Sur les Pluies de Terre Observées Depuis Quel-ques Années dans le Bassin du Rhone." Mémoires de l'Académie des sciences, belles-lettres et arts de Lyon. Classe des Sciences, s. 2 v. 13 (1863): 185-245, at 188-192, 214.]


1846 Oct 16, 17 / Vast red rain and birds fell in streets. / France / D-239. ** [II; 1055. The note copies information from page 239 of The Book of the Damned. Seignobos, Charles. "Sur une pluie colorée en rouge, observée dans le départment de l'Ardèche." Comptes Rendus, 23 (1846): 832-833. Dupasquier, Alph. "Notice sur une pluie de terre, tombée dans les départements de la Drôme, de l'Isère, du Rhône et de l'Ain, les 16 et 17 octobre 1846." Comptes Rendus, 24 (1847): 625-626. Lewy. "Sur la pluie terreuse tombée dans la partie sud-est de la France, pendant les grands orages des 16 et 17 octobre 1846." Comptes Rendus, 24 (1847): 810-812. Lewy found 11.82 per cent organic matter in his sample; and, Dupasquier found 3.5 per cent organic matter in his sample from Meximieux, France. The observation given in this article upon the corpuscular matter was made by Decaisne, (not by Dupasquier).]


1846 Oct 16 and 17 / Fr / Drôme and Isere / fall of sand / C.R. 24-625, 810. [II; 1056. Dupasquier, Alph. "Notice sur une pluie de terre, tombée dans les départements de la Drôme, de l'Isère, du Rhône et de l'Ain, les 16 et 17 octobre 1846." Comptes Rendus, 24 (1847): 625-626. Lewy. "Sur la pluie terreuse tombée dans la partie sud-est de la France, pendant les grands orages des 16 et 17 octobre 1846." Comptes Rendus, 24 (1847): 810-812.]


1846 Oct 16, etc. / Nothing in Sydney Morning Herald. [II; 1057.]


1846 Oct 17to Dec 17 / Mets uncommonly abundant at Whitehaven. The most remarkable were bet Oct 17 and 26, and on Nov. 10, 11, 12. [II; 1058. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1850, 89-132, at 91.]


1846 Oct 17 / (S) / At Bourg-Argental (Loire), at ab 11:30 a.m., a fog appeared suddenly. / C.R. 24-811/ Then a red substance in rain. To the touch it was oleaginous. It ceased at 12:30. At 2, fell again. / but other places not current. [II; 1059.1, 1059.2. Lewy. "Sur la pluie terreuse tombée dans la partie sud-est de la France, pendant les grands orages des 16 et 17 octobre 1846." Comptes Rendus, 24 (1847): 810-812.]


1846 Oct 17 / hot winds, etc. / Grenoble / Sky covered with brownish, dusty vapor all day. No rain, but blasts of hot wind with the thunder and lightning, like the sirocco (spell right?). Ab 1 p.m., th. storm of rain. Many water birds thrown into houses by the wind. Found morning of 18th. / Le Moniteur Universel 26-1-3. [II; 1060.1, 1060.2. (Moniteur Universal, 1846 Oct 26-1-3).]


1846 Oct 17 / Ab. 6:15 p.m., at Dijon, met size of Jupiter / C.R. 23-985. [ II; 1061. Perrey, Alexis. "Note sur deux météores observées à Dijon." Comptes Rendus, 23 (1846): 985-986.]


1846 Oct 17 / At Ardeche, reddish matter unlike soil there. / C.R. 23-832 / Also at Isère. In all places, it was the color of bloodsaid had frightened many. Reported from Burgoin, Said was a ferruginous clay common to that region. [II; 1062. (Comptes Rendus 23-832). Fournet, Joseph Jean Baptiste Xavier. "Sur les Pluies de Terre Observées Depuis Quel-ques Années dans le Bassin du Rhone." Mémoires de l'Académie des sciences, belles-lettres et arts de Lyon. Classe des Sciences, s. 2 v. 13 (1863): 185-245, at 188-192.]


1846 Oct. 17 / Dijon / 6:15 p.m. / through sky covered with clouds / C.R. 23-985 / A great meteor. / Duration said been 5 to 8 minutes. / (verified) / at Hanau. [II; 1063. Perrey, Alexis. "Note sur deux météores observées à Dijon." Comptes Rendus, 23 (1846): 985-986.]


1846 Oct 18 / 2 p.m. / smart shock / Calcutta / Friend of India, Oct. 22 / Severe at Mymensing, Bengal / F of I., Oct 29 / BA '11 = I [minor shock]. [II; 1064. "Monday, October 19." Friend of India, October 22, 1846, p. 676. "The following account of earthquakes which have been felt at Mymensing...." Friend of India, October 29, 1846, p. 693. A class I earthquake. Milne, 708.]


1846 Oct 17 / (Ardèche) / Isère / several places, rain reddish earth / C.R. 23/832 / Southeast France / 24/625, 810, 822. [II; 1065. Seignobos, Charles. "Sur une pluie colorée en rouge, observée dans le départment de l'Ardèche." Comptes Rendus, 23 (1846): 832-833. Dupasquier, Alph. "Notice sur une pluie de terre, tombée dans les départements de la Drôme, de l'Isère, du Rhône et de l'Ain, les 16 et 17 octobre 1846." Comptes Rendus, 24 (1847): 625-626. Lewy. "Sur la pluie terreuse tombée dans la partie sud-est de la France, pendant les grands orages des 16 et 17 octobre 1846." Comptes Rendus, 24 (1847): 810-812.]


1846 Oct 17-18 / night / Great storm along Loire. Bridge carried away. Many houses overthrown. / Le Moniteur Universel, Oct 20 / See 24th. [II; 1066. (Moniteur Universel, October 20, 1846).]


1846 Oct 17-18 / At Valence (Drôme?), tremendous thunderstorm, Considerable number of birds of different species driven into the town by the storm. Grives, macreuses, canards. / Le Mon,. Un. 27-2-1. [II; 1067. (Moniteur Universel, 1846 Oct 27-2-1.). Thrushes, scoters, ducks.]


1846 Oct. 19 / or about / At Bourgoin, a rain of substance colored like blood. Switzerland? Also at Granay, Le Verpillière and several other communes. Usual attempt to explain that probably in a water-spout from the ferrig (what for iron-like) soil around Bourgoin. / Le Moniteur Universel, Oct 26-1-3. [II; 1068.1, 1068.2. (Moniteur Universel, 1846 Oct 26-1-3).]


1846 Nov [11] / A / Am J Sci 2/3/126. [II; 1069. Aurora. Herrick, Edward Claudius. "Observations on Shooting Stars, August 10, 1846." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 3 (1847): 126-127.]


1846 Nov. 3 / Deluges from previous rains and 2 shocks of quake / Algeria / D. News, 14th. [II; 1070. "Inundations in Algeria." London Daily News, November 14, 1846, p. 3 c. 6 & p. 4 c. 1.]


1846 Nov. 9 / 7:30 p.m. / Met. train / 15 minutes / Dijon. / C.R., 23-985. [II; 1071. Perrey, Alexis. "Note sur deux météores observées à Dijon." Comptes Rendus, 23 (1846): 985-986.]


1846 Nov. 9 / 7:30 p.m. / Dijon / Meteor with intense light. / Report upon same or another met at Dijon for 8:05 p.m. / C.R., 23-986. [II; 1072. Perrey, Alexis. "Note sur deux météores observées à Dijon." Comptes Rendus, 23 (1846): 985-986. "Globe lumineux observé à Dijon, dans la soirée du 9 novembre 1846." Comptes Rendus, 23 (1846): 986. Greg, 84-85. Lowe, 136.]


1846 Nov 10-12 / Mets / See Oct 17. [II; 1073.]


[1846 Nov 11 /] 1846 / ab Nov 26 / Lowell / Mass (?) / Luminous object fell in sky. Fell "the most fetid jelly, about 4 feet in diameter, which weighed 442 lb." / LT, Dec. 18, 1846 / (See July 28, 1910.) [II; 1081. "Wonderful Meteor." London Times, December 18, 1846, p. 5 c. 1. This meteor allegedly fell at Lowville, Lewis County, New York, on the night of November 11, 1846. Greg, 84-85. Greg identified the location as Lowell, Massachusetts; but, the location was Lowville, Lewis County, New York. "A Wonderful Meteor." Scientific American, o.s., 2 (November 28, 1846): 79. "A Hoax." Northern State Journal, (Watertown, New York), December 2, 1846, p. 3 c. 7. "Some wag has given the editor of the New York Sun an account of a Meteor which fell at Lowville about the middle of last month. The story looks a little too 'moonish' for us to copy." "A few days ago...." Alexandria Gazette, December 22, 1846, p. 3. "A few days ago we published a paragraph from a New York paper giving an account of a wonderful meteor which appeared and fell near Lowville, in that state. The postmaster of that place has been written to, for further information and replies that the statement is a hoax. No such meteor was seen at all."  "Mr. Balicort" was identified as the postmaster. A search of the weekly Northern Journal, (published in Lowville, New York), between November 12 and December 31, 1846, failed to find any news about this meteor. See: 1910 July 28, (IX: 1714 & 1715).]


[1846 Nov 11 /] 1846 Nov 25 / Lowellobj seen coming as a meteor seemed larger than the sun. Names given in Times are Bostic, Dayer, Balicort, Collins. [II; 1077. "Wonderful Meteor." London Times, December 18, 1846, p. 5 c. 1. This meteor allegedly fell at Lowville, Lewis County, New York, (not at Lowell, Massachusetts).]


1846 Nov. 19, etc. / Nothing in N.Y. Herald. [II; 1074.]


1846 Nov 19 / Novas / M. Jelenski saw, at Avranches, a luminous point in Cassiopeia about the magnitude of Sirius. / C.R. 23-986 / The diameter increased (accroître) but the light diminished. Visible 20 minutes. / At same point in Cas. [II; 1075. "M. Jelenski écrit d'Avranches que, dans la soirée du 19 novembre...." Comptes Rendus, 23 (1846): 986. Greg, 84-85. Greg records the "luminous streak" as a meteor and questions if the date was November 9. See: 1846 Nov. 9, (II; 1072).]


1846 Nov. 23 / [New York Herald]. 2-4Girl in Wrenham, Mass., sent to jail for attempting to pass herself off upon her employer, a physician, as possessing supernatural powers. [A; 213. "Varieties." New York Herald, November 23, 1846, p. 2 c. 4.]


1846 Nov. 24 / A little before midnight of 24th / Comrie / at Crieff / q / LT, Dec 1-6-f. [II; 1076. "Violent Shock of Earthquake." London Times, December 1, 1846, p. 6 c. 6. Comrie is not mentioned, (only that the shock was felt "here," at Perth, in Perthshire).]


[1846 Nov 25. Wrong date. See: 1846 Nov 11, (II; 1077).]


1846 Nov. 26 / Mrs. Adam's father's name was Joel Powers. / Nature 84-106. [II; 1078. Schlesinger, Frank. "Pwdre Ser." Nature, 84 (July 28, 1910): 105-106. "One evening some years since my father, Mr. Joel Powers, while walking on Lawrence St., Lowell, Massachusetts, saw a brilliant shooting star or meteor flash downward through the atmosphere, striking the earth quite near him. He found it upon investigation to be a jelly-like mass, and almost intolerably offensive in smell." As the location of the fall was given as Lowell, (not Lowville, New York), Powers was obviously not a witness to the gelatinous meteor reported by the Scientific American, London Times, and a few American newspapers, in 1846. See: 1846 Nov 11, (II; 1081).]


1846 Nov. 26 / New volcano in Chile, 30 leagues from alca. / BA 50-82. [II; 1079. Hamilton, Mathie. "Brief Notices of Earthquakes in South America in 1844, 1845, 1846 and 1847." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1850, Notices and Abstracts, 82-83. The Cerro Azul volcano.]


1846 Nov. 26 / Lowell / Substance / See July 28, 1910. [II; 1080. See: 1846 Nov. 26, (II; 1078).]


[1846 / ab Nov 26. Wrong date. See: 1846 Nov 11, (II; 1081).]


1846 Nov. 26 / Great gale / New England / N.Y. Trib / blizzard. [II; 1082. “Awful Gale.” New York Tribune , November 30, 1837, p. 1 c. 1-3.]


[1846 Dec 1 /] 1846 Oct 1 / [LT], 6-f / Comrie / violent. [II; 1045. "Violent Shock of an Earthquake." London Times, December 1, 1846, p. 6 c. 6.]


1846 Dec 11 / [LT], 2-e / Singular delusions. [A; 215. "Singular Delusion." London Times, December 11, 1846, p. 2 c. 5.]


1846 Dec 5 / [LT], 8-e / 10-6-b / 9-5-f / Dif incend. fires. [A; 214. "Incendiary Fire." London Times, December 5, 1846, p. 8 c. 5. "Incendiary Fire." London Times, December 9, 1846, p. 5. c. 6. "The Incendiary Fire at Bottisham." London Times, December 10, 1846, p. 6 c. 2.]


1846 (Dec 5) / Metite / Gergenti, in Sicily / Le Moniteur, p. 2744 / P.P. 9431. [II; 1083. (Moniteur Universel, 1846-2744). "P.P. 9431" is the British Library shelfmark.]


1846 Dec 5 / Girgenti, Sicily / At least says "il y a quinze jours". / See Feb. 10, 1853. / Not said was found. / Moniteur Universel, Dec. 14 / Aerolite had fallen. A yellowish cloud marked the place of explosion in the sky. [II; 1084. (Moniteur Universel, Dec. 14, 1846). See: 1853 Feb 10, (II; 1684).]


1846 Dec 12 / Whirl on land and pillar of fire seen at sea. / L.T., Feb 19/1847, 3-f / Edin N. P. J 45/111 / B Assoc 18/41 / See Feb 19. [II; 1085. "Whirlwinds near the Land's-End." London Times, February 19, 1847, p. 3 c. 6. "An account of four Whirlwinds which passed through St Just on the 12th of December 1846." Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 45 (1848): 111-112. Sykes, William Henry. "On Atmospheric Disturbances, and on a remarkable Storm at Bombay on the 6th of April 1848." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1848, Notices and Abstracts, 41-47, at 41-42. See: 1847 Feb 19, (II; 1098).]


1846 Dec 21 / (It) / morning / Remarkable met / Parma / B.A. 60-84. [II; 1086. Greg, 85. Lowe, 136.]


1846 Dec 24 / q. / Java / BA 11. [II; 1087. A class I earthquake. Milne, 708.]


1846 Dec 25 / (F) / Minderthal, Bavaria / Metite / BA 60-84. [II; 1088. Fletcher, 101. Greg, 85. This is the Schönenberg meteorite.]

© X 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021 Mr. X, Box 1598, Kingston, Ontario K7L 5C8 CANADA
Back to content