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Last updated: April 8, 2021.

Charles Hoy Fort's Notes


1849 to 1850


1849:


1849 ab / Started Sleeper / Susan C GodseySee Oct 27, 1873. [A; 231. See: 1870 Oct 15, (A; 633), and, 1873 Oct 27, (A; 861).]


1848-49 winter / The cemetery ravager of Paris told of by S. Baring-Gould in The Book of Werewolves. [A; 246. Baring-Gould, Sabine. The Book of Were-wolves. London: Smith, Elder, 1865.]


1849 / Great year for mets in India / BA '50/-130-. [II; 1263. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1850, 89-132, at 130. "Sir,On opening your paper of this morning I was astonished at not see any mention made of another very brilliant meteor that burst last night."]


1849 [June 30] / Red / Wales / (22). [II; 1275. The date of the red rain in Wales was June 30, 1849. "Fall of Red Rain." Timbs' Year-Book of Facts in Science and Art, 1850, 278. "Fall of Red Rain." Athenæum, 1849 (no.1136; August 4): 796. "Red rain." Cambrian (Swansea), July 13, 1849, p. 3 c. 4.]


1849 / Fishes / Ceylon / Tennent, Hist Ceylon 1/212. [II; 1264. Tennent, James. Ceylon. London: Longman, Green, Longman, and Roberts, 1860, v.1, 211-212, footnote 2.]


1849 / Famine / Ireland. [II; 1265.]


1849 / I find nothing of Court Martial of Bertrand in Galignani's Messenger up to July 1. [A; 250. Lunier, L. "Examen Médico-Légal d'un cas de Monomanie Instinctive: Affaire du sergent Bertrand." Annales Médico Psychologiques, s. 2 v. 1 (July, 1849): 351-379. This article provides a detailed interrogation of sergent François Bertrand, (age 25).]


1849 Jan / Vesuvius active / A. J. Sci 2/7/437. [II; 1266. "Vesuvius." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 7 (1849): 437.]


1849 Jan / (AR) / In Wallace's Miracles and Modern Spiritualism, p. 284, taken from La Gazette des Tribunaux of Feb. 2, 1849, the official organ of the French police, that a house near the Pantheon, Paris, had been assailed every evening by a hail of projectiles that fell with great violence for 3 weeks. / Watchmen engaged but the objects continued to fall as if from a great height. [A; 252.1, 252.2. Wallace, Alfred Russel. Miracles And Modern Spiritualism. London: G. Redway, 1896, 284-5. (La Gazette des Tribunaux, February 2, 1849; not online @ Gallica).]


1849 Jan 4 / [LT], 7-c / Monster snake / Mass. [A; 232. "A Monster Snake." London Times, January 4, 1849, p. 7 c. 3. A 30-foot boa constrictor was brought to Massachusetts from Africa.]


1849 Jan 9 / Met seen 1/3 diam. of moon / Edinburgh / BA 50-90. [II; 1267. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1850, 89-132, at 90.]


1849 Jan. 14 / Aurora / C.R. 28/89. [II; 1268. Coulvier-Gravier, Remi Armand. "Aurore boréale du 14 janvier." Comptes Rendus, 28 (1849): 89.]


[1849 Jan 14 /] 1847 Jan 14 / Aurora / C.R. 24-89. [II; 1093. Coulvier-Gravier, Remi Armand. "Aurore boréale du 14 janvier." Comptes Rendus, 28 (1849): 89.]


1849 Jan 14 / q and aurora / q / Liege, Belg / C. et T 8/38. [II; 1269. Lancaster, Albert Benoît Marie. "Les Tremblements de terre en Belgique." Ciel et Terre, 8 (March 16, 1887): 25-43, at 38.]


1849 Jan. 24 / Larvae / D-93 / In the Revue et Mag Zool. 1849/72, Count Tyzenhauz writes of phe that had occurred near his home in Wilna, Lithuania. Jan 24fall of black larvae 7 to 9 millimeters long. In vast numbers on the snowseemed dead but after sunrise crawled around. Great numbers of birds attracted by them. / Said were larvae of a beetle of the family Telephorus and resembled but wth some differences a larvae figured in Mag de Zoologie, "sur la planche" 168, year 1836. Also ac to description a little different. [II; 1270.1, 1270.2. The note copies information from page 93 of The Book of the Damned. (Revue et Mag Zool. 1849/72; Mag de Zoologie, "sur la planche" 168, year 1836.) Albert Müller. "On the dispersal of non-migrating insects by atmospheric agencies." Transactions of the Entomological Society of London, 1871, 175-186, at 184. Correct quote: "Snow, together with larvæ, fell in the Eifel," and, "Count C. Tyzenhaus records a fall of Telephorus fuscus in Lithuania."  C. Tyzenhauz. "Notice sur une pluie d'insectes observeé en Lithuanie le 24 janvier 1849." Revue et Magasin de Zoologie, s.2, 1 (February 1849): 72-76.]


1849 Jan 30 / Galignani's, 5-3 / Date not given Land thought to be over an extinct volcano at Honfleur, sinking, 1,000 metres by 1,000 metres. [II; 1271. "Great surprise has been occasioned at Honfleur...." Galignani's Messenger, January 30, 1849, p. 5 c. 3.]


1849 Feb 2 / Missiles / Galignani's Messenger, 4-1 / Windows in shops in the Chausée d'Autin broken. No trace of depredators. [A; 253. (1849 Feb 2 / Missiles / Galignani's Messenger, February 2, 1849, p. 4 c. 1; not found here.)]


1849 Feb. 3 / At Sellières (Jura), smart shock. Felt also at Lons-le-Saulnier. Galignani's Messenger, Feb 15-3-1. [II; 1272. (Galignani's Messenger, February 15, 1849, p. 3 c. 1; not found here.)]


1849 Feb. 5 / (3) / Two dark bodies seen by Mr. Brown, of Deal, crossing sun. Rec. Sci, 1/138. [II; 1273. Lowe, 138.]


1849 Feb 9 / Galignani's Messenger, 3-3 / Projectiles ceased, Feb 4, falling on the house in Rue Neuve-Cluny. Said that the attacks had ceased because boards had been placed over the zinc roof to protect it.

[A; 251. (Galignani's Messenger, February 9, 1849, p. 3 c. 3; not found here.)]


1849 Feb 15 / Galignani's, 3-2 / At Lillea street woman murdered by stabbing by a young man who disappeared. They took a room at a lodging house. [A; 244. (Galignani's Messenger, February 15, 1849, p. 3 c. 2; not found here.)]


1849 Feb. 19 / Fireball / Bombay / Edin N. P. J. 47/370. [II; 1274. "Fire-Ball at Bombay." Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 47 (1849): 370-371. (Bombay Monthly Times, March 1849).]


1849 Feb. 24 / March 19 / March 23 / Ap 4, 10, 13, 30 / May 2, 6 / June 25 / Mets / India / BA 50. [II; 1276. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1850, 89-132, at 127-131.]


1849 March [28] / Red / Sicily / (22). [A; 260. Ehrenberg, Christian Gottfried. "On the Infusoria and other Microscopic forms in Dust-showers and Blood-rain." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 11 (1851): 372-389, at 380. "In March there was a reddish dust fell at Catania in Sicily, during a south wind." Ehrenberg, Christian Gottfried. Passat-staub und Blut-Regen ein grosses organisches unsichtbares Wirken und Leben in des atmosphäre. Berlin: Koniglichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1849, 151-152. "Am 28. März 1849 regnete es in Catania in Sicilien unter starkem Südwinde einen feinen blutrothen Sand."]


1849 March / See back for psychofalling stones in Paris. [A; 254. See: 1849 Jan, (A; 252).]


1849 March / Myst assault? / Galignani's, Jan 22-5-2 / A dairy man crossing a Paris bridgeseized by a man of great strength. Both went into the river together. Not known what became of assailant.[A; 234. (Galignani's Messenger, January 22, 1849, p. 5 c. 2; January??? Not found in January.)]


1849 March / Galignani's Messenger, Jan 6-4-2Several days before, the body of the Abbé Dentraygues, Curé of Reyrevignes (Lot), found lying on a road, considerable distance from the parsonage. Body taken to parsonage, where found that a female servant had been killed. Abbé's body —"His face was much torn by either dogs of wolves." [A; 235.1, 235.2. (Galignani's Messenger, January 6, 1849, p. 4 c. 2; not found here in Morning edition. "Cahors, 31 décembre." Journal de Toulouse, January 6, 1849, p. 1 c. 2. "Some days ago the body of the Abbé Dentraygues...." London Morning Post, January 9, 1849, p. 7 c. 3. The murder too place on December 29, 1848.]


1849 March / Ripper /Sabine Baring-Gould, in "The Book of Were-wolves", tells of a French Infantry officer named Bertrand, who in winter of 1848-49 dug corpses from Paris cemeteries, tore them to pieces and rolled in the fragments. In March, 1849, a spring gun set for him in the Cemetery of St. Parnasse. Shot him and he was traced by his wound and a part of his uniform shot away and left behind. He confessed. / He mutilated only female corpses. [A; 236.1, 236.2. Baring-Gould, Sabine. The Book of Were-wolves. London: Smith, Elder, 1865, 255-260.]


1849 March / Le Moniteur Universel, May 3, 1849, p. 1654 / * SGD / Again a profanation of (de sepulture au cimetière de Est). Most of the tombs are covered with flowers, which friends and relatives kept renewed. They had been despoiled by an ouvrier fondeuz named Bertrand, "qui on a surpris se livrant a de tels larcins", Sentenced to three months in prison. / This all I find ac to index "Bertrand" in Le Moniteur. / (Mysterious other Bertrand not in index.) / Anybody looking up Bertrand, "profanation de sepulture," and finding only this, would have the impression that it was only a minor offense. [A; 240.1, 240.2, 240.3. (Le Moniteur Universel, May 3, 1849, p. 1654 ).]


1849 March / This is a clear case of Possession, but may been by Atavism. It was not only wolfish. Sex must be considered. [A; 241.]


1849 March / File of Galignani's incomplete. [A; 242.]


1849 March / In Galignani's Messenger, Jan. and Feb., I find nothing of the Bertrand case. [A; 243.]


1849 March / The other Francis Bertrand (make sure of this case) may have been under suggestion by similarity of name. [A; 247. François Bertrand was his name.]


1849 March / All winter / Dug up the bodies, ripped them in a frenzy. Fragments of flesh scattered even up in trees. [A; 237.]


1849 (March) / Vampire / The cemetery robber told of by Baring-GouldFrancis Bertand. In San Francisco Daily Evening Bulletin, June 27-2-2, 1874"Bertrand, the Ghoul, is still alive; he is now perfectly cured of his hideous disease, and is cited as a model of gentleness, propriety, and behavor." Had been sentenced to one year's imprisonment, the maximum that could be made to fit. / After his atrocities he would seek shelter in a trench, anywhere and fall into a cataleptic trance. /  Bertrand was a Sergeant-Major of Infantry. "He bore a good name in his regiment and was accounted a man of gentle disposition and an excellent soldier." [A; 248.1, 248.2, 248.3. "The ghoul of Montparnasse." San Francisco Daily Evening Bulletin, June 27, 1874, p. 4 c .2.]


1849 March / Galignani's not done before last of Feb. [A; 249.]


1849 March 6 / 6:08 p.m. / London / met a little below and S of the moon / BA 49/18. [II; 1277. Powell, Baden. "A Catalogue of Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1849, 1-53, at 18. Lowe, 137. Greg, 88.]


1849 March 6 / P / Met from somewhat below and to southward of the moon / B. Assoc 1849-38 / A Jupiter note a little before. [II; 1278. Powell, Baden. "A Catalogue of Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1849, 1-53, at 38. See: 1848 Feb 7, (II; 1198).]


1849 March 7 / B. rain / Northampton Herald, Feb 2, 1850. / John T. Tryon, of Bulwick Rectory, writes of shower at his place, other places, in Northamptonshire and part of Rutlandshire. Particles harder than gunpowder. About two years before, been a shower of black insects, like these particles, here. [II; 1279.1, 1279.2. (Northampton Herald, Feb 2, 1850; not @ BNA.) “Near Sheffield....” Chelmsford Chronicle, April 16, 1849, p. 4 c. 3. “Near Sheffield there as been a shower of frogs, and in Northampton a fall of black rain.” Tryon, John Thomas. “A Black Shower.” London Evening Standard, August 14, 1850, p. 2 c. 6. “The following letter appears in the Northampton Herald:—” “Bulwick Rectory, July 23 1850.” “For the information of your readers, I venture upon the description of some phenomena, which were witnessed in this parish and neighbourhood.” “ The first phenomenon I shall allude to was that of a shower of hail, as large as marbles, and many of them the size of walnuts. This storm happened on the day following St. Swithin, on Tuesday, the 16th inst. We heard a sort ot rumbling, as of wagons, for upwards of an hour without ceasing, in an easterly direction. Some thought it arose from thunder, others from the violent grief and anger of St. Swithin, who wept for more than an hour, shedding immense tears of hail, as large as walnuts, breaking and smashing the green and hot-house frames at Fineshade Abbey, at Laxton Hall, and at Tixover House, &c., &c., and doing immense mischief to the crops of grain. After a little pacification of his anger, he appeared more appeased during Wednesday and Thursday; but on Friday he again became so fretful and irritable that, to molest our poor washerwomen, he shed forth a great shower of black rain. This fell about three or four o'clock, rendering quite black their clothes on the hedges and those spread on the grass to dry; also rendering their water caught in their tubs and vessels from the Church leads and from their slated and tiled houses, almost the colour of ink.” “The above are the phenomena myself and parishioners witnessed, unlike to anything we had ever seen before; for the black shower I described as falling in this parish last year did not blacken the water nor create a black-lead froth at top in the tubs as this last did; but only left behind black particles, hard in substance, about the size of gunpowder. The black shower that fell last Friday came down from one particular cloud, for the rain in the morning was perfectly clear and fit for washing purposes; but the rain that fell between three and four o'clock was perfectly black, and caused a black-lead froth at the top of my tub, so that I myself collected three or four bowls therefrom of such froth. Three days after, two boys loading my waggons with clover were rendered as black as chimney sweepers from the black sediment the rain had left thereon; my shepherd's inexpressibles, up to the knees, were rendered of the like colour after shepherding his sheep, so that it appears the shower was not confined to the parish.” St. Swithun's Day occurs on July 15; thus, this second black shower, (which was widely reported), occurred on July 19, 1850. See: 1850 July 16 / and 19, (II; 1432).]


1849 March 10 / Galignani's  Messenger 15-2-4 / "On the 10th in the evening, a working man, names Lecomte, returned to his lodging in the Rue Travisière Saint Antoine, in a complete state of intoxication. Not being seen afterward his apartment was entered yesterday morning, when he was found dead in his bed, with his face shockingly gnawed and disfigured by his little favorite dog, which had been driven, no doubt, by deprivation of food for three days to satisfy its hunger on the body of its master." [A; 233.1, 233.2, 233.3. (Galignani's Messenger, March 15, 1849, p. 2 c. 4; not found here.)]


1849 March 10 / Galignani's Messenger, 5-2 / "It will be remembered that several horrible profanations of the dead, consisting chiefly of ripping up the bodies, and carrying off the intestines, from the graves in the cemeteries on Mont Parnasse, took place some time ago. The night before last, a man was seen scaling the wall, probably to repeat this horrible act. He was fired at, but made his escape. [A; 238.1, 238.2. (Galignani's Messenger, March 10, 1849, p. 5 c. 2.)]


1849 March 12 / ab. 4 p.m. / Vulcan / Joseph Sidebotham / C.R., 83/622 / watch 1/2 hour / D-192. [A; 256.The note copies information from page 192 of The Book of the Damned. LeVerrier, Urbain Jean Joseph. "Examen des observations qu'on a présentées, à diverses époques, comme pouvant appartenir aux passages d'une planète intra-mercurielle devant le disque du Soleil." Comptes Rendus, 83 (September 18, 1876): 583-589, 621-624, 647-650, 719-723, at 622. Sidebotham, Joseph. "Note on an Observation of a small black spot on the Sun's disc." Proceedings of the Literary and Philosophical Society of Manchester, 12 (1872-1873): 105. "As there is again some speculation as to the existence of an intra-mercurial planet, and every little fact bearing on the subject may be of value, I have referred to my diary and find that on Monday, March 12th, 1849, our late member Mr. G.C. Lowe and I saw a small circular black spot cross a portion of the sun's disc. We were trying the mounting and adjustments of a 7-inch reflector we had been making, and used an ink box between the eye-piece and the plane speculum. At first we thought this small black spot was upon the eye-piece, but soon found it was on the sun's disc, and we watched its progress across the disc for nearly half an hour. The only note in my diary is the fact of the spot being seenno time is mentioned, but if I remember rightly it was about 4 o'clock in the afternoon." "Les planètes entre le Soleil et Mercure...." Année Scientifique et Industrielle, 20 (1876): 6-11, at 9.]


[1849 Mar 19. Wrong date. See: 1848 Mar 19, (A; 257).]


1849 March 19 / Aurungabad, India / Met from a little south of and above Venus / B/. Assoc 1849-44 / Cut. [A; 258. Powell, Baden. "A Catalogue of Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1849, 1-53, at 38-40. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1850, 89-132, at 127. Greg, 88-89. Lowe, 137.]


1849 March 19 / Great meteor / Bombay / Ref / Trans Bombay Geog Soc 9-197. [A; 259. Buist, George. "Notices of the most remarkable Meteors in India of the fall of which accounts have been published." Transactions of the Bombay Geographical Society, 9 (1849-1850): 197-230, at 209-211.]


1849 March 27 / White spots on Jupiter / by Lassell / Jour Roy Soc N.S. Wales 10/88. [A; 261. Hirst, G.D. "Some Notes on Jupiter during His Opposition of 1876." Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales, 10 (1876): 83-98, at 88.]


1849 March 23 / Galignani's Messenger, 2-4 / Bertrand—25 years old "when in a garrison near Tours, he was caught in a cemetery with the body of a woman, which he had dug up, but this affair was hushed up. His strange monomania was displayed only with respect to the bodies of women." / Strange how he had eluded. Cemetery guarded not only by keepers but by dogs. [A; 239.1, 239.2. (Galignani's Messenger, March 23, 1849, p. 2 c. 4).]


1849 March 24 / Galignani's 2-3 / That at Strasburg, Metz, and Tours, bodies in cemeteries had been violated, while Bertrand was stationed there. / Here it is said that the arrest came about because a grave digger heard soldiers tell of a sub-officer who had been shot by assailants in a field, and wounded with nails and bits of iron, and the grave digger knew that the trap-guns had been so loaded. [A; 245.1, 245.2. "Bertrand, the non-commissioned officer of the 74th regiment...." Galignani's Messenger, March 24, 1849, p. 5 c. 2. This article does not refer to these details.]


1849 March last week / Atmosphere in the Saugor and Nerbudda territories, India, so filled with fine dust that the sun could be looked at. / BA 50-131. [A; 262. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1850, 89-132, at 131.]


1849 April / dry fog / Dry fog / S. Russia / Zapiski / Russk-Geog. Obsht. 3/132 / (Fassig). (To Box II from Box B). [II; 1279.a. Renumber this item. Fassig, v. 2, 82. Fassig lists the following article: "Lapschine, W.J. (On the dry fog of April 1849 in South Russia.) Zapiski russk. geogr. obsht., St. Peters., iii, 1849, 132-141." This article does not appear in Zapiski Russkoe Geograficheskoe Obshchestvo, in volumes 1 to 8, nor  in volumes 11 to 13; and, if it is not this publication, the original article by "Professor Lapschine, of Kharkof" may prove very difficult to locate. Lapschine visited Kew Observatory, in BA 62; Zapiski Russkoe Geograficheskoe Obshchestvo, 3 (1849): 132-141. Not the correct citation. Checked vols. 1-8, 11-13, from NYPL @ Hathi. "V. Lapšin."???]).]


1849 April / See May 14. / Black rain reported by Prof Barker to Roy. Dublin Soc. [A; 263. See: 1849 Ap. 14, (II; 1281).]


1849 April / Dry fog in South Russia / Zapiski / russ. geogr. obsht. 3-132 / I get from Fassig, pt. 1p. 82. [A; 265. See: 1849 April, (II; 1279).]


1849 April 1 / ac to E. J. Lowe / At 11:18 a brilliant blue meteor "fell from Jupiter". 1 1/2 minutes later a smaller one "fell from Jupiter. / B Assoc 1848-9. [A; 264. Powell, Baden. "A Catalogue of Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1848, 1-11, at 9.]


1849 Ap 4, 10, 13 / Great mets / India / BA 50-130. [A; 266. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1850, 89-132, at 129-130.]


1849 Ap. 4 / 7:15 p.m. / Delhi / N.W. - SE / 10th, Ahmednuggur, ab time and direction of met of 19th of March, which was ab 6:30 p.m., and 3 other meteors on at 7:30 p.m. / 13th, ab 9:15 at Bombay / Great Meteors / India / BA 1850-130 / See May 6. [A; 267. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1850, 89-132, at 129-130. Greg, 88.]


1849 Ap 6 / Venus greatest brill. [A; 268. Nautical Almanac and Astronomical Ephemeris, 1849, 570.]

1849 Ap 9 / [London Times], 3-f / Ghst. [A; 269. "A Ghost in Love." London Times, April 9, 1849, p. 3 c. 6. At Yvetot, France, a widower discovers a future wife, when she masquerades as the match-making ghost of his recently deceased wife.]


[1849 Ap. 14 /] 1849 May 14 / See April / black / Ireland / (11) / (D-30). [II; 1292. Black rain. The note copies information from page 30 of The Book of the Damned. "Black rain in Ireland." Annual of Scientific Discovery, 1850, 348. The Annual of Scientific Discovery erroneously gives the date as the "14th of May." "Chronicle." Annual Register, 91 (1849): pt. 2, 1-183, at 39-40, cv. "Curious Phenomenon." "Royal Dublin Society." Dublin Freeman's Journal, May 1, 1849, p. 3 c. 2-3.]


1849 Ap 14 / Date of the b. rain in Ireland, in Galignani's Messenger, May 16, p. 4 / Preceded by hailstorm and lightning, but no thunder. [II; 1280. (Galignani's Messenger, May 16, 1849,  p. 4; not found here.)]


1849 Ap. 14 / B. rain of Ireland / Timbs'  50-277. [II; 1281. "Black Rain in Ireland." Timbs' Year-book of Facts in Science and Art, 1850, 277-278. "Professor Barker, M.D., made some observations on rain which fell on the evening of the 14th of April...." Reports of the Proceedings of the Meetings Held for the Discussion of of Subjects Connected with Practical Science and Art, Royal Dublin Society, 1848-1855, 28-30. "It had been conjectured that the black particles were composed of some species of fungus, but that supposition was negatived by the investigations of Drs. Harvey and Steele, who found that they were not of an organic nature."]


1849 Ap 18 or 19 / (D-52) / (Sci Amer., 1/5/66) / near Byazid, not far from Mt. Ararat. Had appeared upon land where they had not appeared the night before and were not indigenous, so thought to have fallen. On 19th of June, another deposit found in a well-frequented place. Quantities were very great. [II; 1282.1, 1282.2. The note copies information from page 52 of The Book of the Damned. "Fall of Manna." Scientific American, o.s., 5 (November 17, 1849): 66. "Manna." Timbs' Year-Book of Facts in Science and Art, 1850, 241-242. (Hubbard, Oliver P. "Notices of Koordistan." American Journal of Science, s. 2, v. 3 (May 1847): 347-54. Nothing is said that the three different vegetable species, identified as the manna, were not indigenous; it is only said that they suddenly appeared in large quantities.]


[1849 Ap 18 or 19 /] 1850 / ab / Shower of manna said been lichens at Erzeroum. / Sci Gos. 1872-60. [II; 1284. Braithwaite, R. "Manna of the Desert." Science Gossip, 8 (no. 87; 1872): 60-61.]


1849 Ap. 18 or 20 / In the Gardeners' Chronicle, Sept 15, 1849, Editor writes that having heard of a fall of manna near Byazid, he had applied for information to Dr. Heinig, the only European resident of B, and had received data and specimens. Ap 18-20, in period when been rains and strong winds, shepherds and villagers saw in several places near B. lichens scattered over tracts measuring from 5 to 10 miles in circumference. No one had ever seen anything of the kind before, and Dr Heinig, who had often rambled around the region, had not. The year before, locusts had so greatly injured crops that a famine was threatened, and so was confirmed that this subtance which was edible was unknown there, or it would have been collected and sold. On June 19th, another quantity discovered, "and as the spot was a well-frequented one, it seems likely that the fall had occurred only a few days previously." It was made from flour into bread or eaten in the raw state. / Sept 29thsaid that seemed impossible that a substance eagerly devoured by the natives could exist and not be known. In masses up to an inch in diameter. Here several specimens are figured, and are convoluted like those in Le Naturaliste. This Lecanora esculenta is fibrous. [II; 1285.1 to 1285.7. "Manna.Miraculous Fall of Food from Heaven!!" Gardeners' Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, 1849 no. 37 (September 15): 581. "The natural world is full of real mysteries and marvels...." Gardeners' Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, 1849 no. 39 (September 29): 611-612. (Le Naturaliste, 1849).]


1849 Ap. 20 / 54 meteors in an hour at New Haven / Observatory 20/174. [II; 1286. Denning, William Frederick. "The April Meteors." Observatory, 20 (1897): 174-175.]


1849 Ap 23 (?) / Galignani's Messenger (Paris) of May 5, p. 3, quoting Hull Packet / "On night of Monday last (Ap. 23?) sloop George and Mary near Scarborough. Weather very thick, no wind, slight rain, a fireball struck vessel. No lightning seen before, but afterward several flashes seen. Vessel destroyed by fire. [II; 1283.1, 1283.2. (Galignani's Messenger, May 5, 1849, p. 3; not found here.) "Extraordinary Loss of a Vessel." Hull Packet, April 27, 1849, p. 4 c. 6.)]


1849 Ap. 24 / [LT], 7-f / Myst outrage / Glasgow / 20 bullets fired in house / 7-5-f  / Elizabeth Hughes / Impostor / May 5-[note cut off] / b. rain / [note cut off] / 22-6-f / Ap 20-8-e. [A; 255. "Mysterious Outrage." London Times, April 24, 1849, p. 7 c. 6. In Glasgow, a sniper shoots 20 bullets, thru the windows of a house; and, an air gun is suspected, "as no sound was heard." "Death of an Impostor." London Times, April 7, 1849, p. 5 c. 6. Elizabeth Hughes, who, in 1804, claimed to have a miraculous healing touch, died. "Black Rain in Ireland." London Times, May 5, 1849, p. 7 c. 2. See: 1849 Ap. 14, (II; 1281). Hind, John Russell. "Two New Comets." London Times, April 20, 1849, p. 8 c. 5. Hind, John Russell. "Two New Comets." London Times, April 22, 1849, p. 6 c. 6. Comets  C/1849 G1 and C/1849 G2.]


[1849 Ap. 29, 30 /] 1840 Ap. 29, 30 / Cloud of dust that obscured the sun 2 days in Russia. / Am J. Sci 2/10/287. [II; 172. "On a cloud of dust which obscured the sun for two days in Russia, on the 29th and 30th of April, 1840, during a clear sky and quiet weather." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 10 (1850): 287. "Ehrenberg believes that there is reason for concluding that this meteoric powder is neither a terrestrial powder nor simple volcanic cinders." Ehrenberg, Christian Gottfired. "Über einen die Sonne zwei Tage lang truebenden Staub-Nebel in Russland am 29 und 30 April 1849 bei heileren Himmel und ohne Sturm." Bericht über die zur Bekanntmachung geeigneten Verhandlungen der Königlich-Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, 1850: 9-12. Fort copied the date as "1840," (probably a typographical error in the American Journal of Science).]


1849 May / Mauna Loa / See June, '32 [II; 1287. See: 1832 June 20, (I; 1700). Wood, Harry Oscar. "The Seismic Prelude to the 1914 Eruption of Mauna Loa." Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 5 (1915): 39-51, at 46.]


1849 May 3 / I / Venezuela. [II; 1288. A class I earthquake. Milne, 709.]


1849 May 3 / 1-2 p.m. / One of the most tremendous th. storms remembered in Kent, England. Pieces of ice, some 6 inches long, fell. Galignani's Messenger, May 7-3-3. [II; 1289. "Tremendous Thunder and Hail Storm." Galignani's Messenger, May 7, 1849, p. 3 c. 3.]


1849 May 6 / 6:45 p.m. / Sunset great met Kurrachee, India / BA 50-130 / May 2Bombay / Ap. 30Poona / Great mets / See Ap. 4. [II; 1290. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1850, 89-132, at 130-131. See: 1849 Ap 4, 19, 13, (A; 266). Greg, 88.]


1849 May 12 / 5h / Venus Inf. conjunction sun. [II; 1291. Nautical Almanac and Astronomical Ephemeris, 1849, 570.]


[1849 May 14. Wrong date. See: 1849 Ap. 14, (I; 1292).]


1849 May 26 / 10 p.m. / Brest / A rolling sound / C.R. 28-743. [II; 1293. Leras. "Sur un tremblement de terre observé à Brest." Comptes Rendus, 28 (1849): 743.]


1849 June 8 / [Lond Times], 3-e / Land waterspouts.[II; 1294. "Land Waterspouts." London Times, June 8, 1849 p. 3 c. 5. Flooding in Somersetshire and Worcestershire, (between Wells and Mendip, and at Kemerton), was due to two waterspouts.]


1849 June 12-18 / Smoke / White mist or smoke enveloped Bermuda. / J. M. JonesThe Naturalist in Bermuda, p. 177 / He finds that there were great forest fires in British North Amer Colonies and quotes from a newspaper of Prince Edward Island. [II; 1295. Jones, John Matthew. The Naturalist in Bermuda. London: Reeves and Turner, 1859, 177-178.]


[1849 June 12. Wrong date. See: 1848 June 12, (II; 1296).]


1849 June 17 / Venus greatest brilliancy. [II; 1297. Nautical Almanac and Astronomical Ephemeris, 1849, 571.]


1849 June 19 / More manna / See Ap. 18. [II; 1298. See: 1849 Ap. 18 or 19, (II; 1282 and 1283).]


1849 June 25 / Meteor / Kurrachee / RMarch 19, 1849. [II; 1299. Greg, 88. Refer to: 1849 March 19, (A; 259). Buist, George. "Notices of the most remarkable Meteors in India of the fall of which accounts have been published." Transactions of the Bombay Geographical Society, 9 (1849-1850): 197-230, at 212-213.]


1849 June 30 / The rain "as red as blood" at Bonvilstone, etc., told of in the Cambrian, July 13th. /Swansea Cambrian / No more then told in the Athenaeum. [II; 1300. "Fall of Red Rain." Timbs'  Year-Book of Facts in Science and Art, 1850, 278. "Fall of Red Rain." Athenæum, 1849 (no.1136; August 4): 796. "Recently a shower of rain as red as blood fell near the village of Bonvilstone, and extended thence in a westerly direction over Llandtrithyd, Flemington, &c. towards Lantwit-Major. It was so manifest that it impregnated the clods of earth, many of which were like ruddle. Several country people who witnessed it were dreadfully alarmed, imagining it to be some omen of coming misfortune; and many, who did not see it fall, came in the course of the day to see the discoloured soil.Cambrian." "Red rain." Cambrian, (Swansea), July 13, 1849, p. 3 c. 4.]


[1849 June 30 /] 1849 Aug 4 / Red rain / Athenaeum of, copying from the Cambrianthat recently red rain had fallen in Wales near village of Bonvilstone and then over Llantruthyd, Flemington, etc., toward Lantwit-Major. [II; 1306. "Fall of Red Rain." Athenæum, 1849 (no.1136; August 4): 796.]


1849 July / Substance resembling plaster with crystals and sulphur in it, near Montargis, France / LT, July 10/7/c. [II; 1301. "Fall of an Aërolite." London Times, July 10, 1849, p. 7 c. 3. "The Presse of Sunday records the fall of an aërolite of five kilogrammes in weight, at Triguènes, near Montargis, at the close of a violent storm. It was composed of crystal, sulphur, and a substance resembling plaster." "Un aérolithe...." La Presse, July 8, 1849, p. 3 c. 4. "Un aérolithe, pesant cinq kilogrammes environ, et composé, en majeure partie, de cristal, de soufre et d'une matière assez semblable à du plâtre, est tombé à Triguènes, non loin de Montargis, à la suite d'un violent orage." "Triguènes" should be Triguères (Loiret), France; but, apart from falling in a violent storm, this object could be a dubious reference to the Château-Renard meteorite, (which fell eight years earlier, but not in a storm). See: 1841 June 12, (II; 308).]


1849 July 17 / Great met / Maryland / 9:12 p.m. / Timbs '50-276. [II; 1302. "Meteor in the United States." Timbs' Year-Book of Facts in Science and Art, 1850, 276.]


1849 July 23 / Many mets / polar constellations / BA 49/22 / Highfield House. [II; 1303. Powell, Baden. "A Catalogue of Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1849, 1-53, at 21-22.]


1849 July 24 / Same as 23. [II; 1304. Powell, Baden. "A Catalogue of Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1849, 1-53, at 22-23.]


1849 July 27 / Meteor / Porebunder / RMarch 19, 1849. [II; 1305. Greg, 88. Refer to: 1849 March 19, (A; 259). Buist, George. "Notices of the most remarkable Meteors in India of the fall of which accounts have been published." Transactions of the Bombay Geographical Society, 9 (1849-1850): 197-230, at 213.]


[1849 July 30 /] 1849 Aug 13 / Ice / Scotland / 98 / D-178. [II; 1313. The note copies information from page 178 of The Book of the Damned. "Phenomenon in Rossshire." London Times, August 14, 1849, p. 7 c. 1. "Thunder Storm." Montrose, Arbroath and Brechin Review, (Scotland), August 10, 1849, p. 7 c. 4. "On Monday week, when Ross-shire and other parts of the country were visited with a severe storm of thunder, a curious phenomenon occurred at the farm of Balvullich, on the estate of Ord, occupied by Mr. Moffat, during the same evening. Immediately after one of the loudest peals of thunder we ever heard, a large and irregular shaped mass of ice, reckoned to be nearly twenty feet in circumference, and of a proportionate thickness, fell near the farm house. It had a beautiful crystalline appearance, being nearly all quite transparent, if we except a small portion of it which consisted of hailstones of uncommon size, fixed together. It was principally composed of small squares—diamond shaped—of from one to three inches in size, all firmly congealed together. The weight of this large piece of ice could not be exactly ascertained; but it may be mentioned that after the heavy fall of rain on Monday night, and the scorching heat of the succeeding day, which might be supposed to dissolve a great part of it, it gave enough to two stout grown up lads to overturn it. Several parties went to see this phenomenon on Tuesday, and carried pieces away as a curiosity. It is most fortunate circumstance that it did not fall on Mr. Moffat’s house, or it would have crushed it, and undoubtedly have caused the death of some of its inmates. No appearance whatever of either hail or snow was discernable in the surrounding district." The storm was on July 30, 1849.]


1849 Aug / Kumadau / det met, ac to Dr. Livingston / B.A. 60-88. [II; 1308. Greg, 88-89. Livingston, David. Missionary Travels and Researches in South Africa. London: John Murray, 1857, 596. "I have been in the vicinity of the fall of three aërolites, none of which I could afterward discover. One fell into the lake Kumadau with a report somewhat like a sharp peal of thunder. The women of the Bakurutse villages there all uttered a scream on hearing it. This happened at midday...." Kumadau is now identified as Lake Xau, in Botswana. Livingston, David. Missionsreisen und Forschungen in Süd-Afrika. Leipzig: Costenoble, 1858, v. 2, 257.]


[1849 Aug 4. Wrong date. See: 1849 June 30, (II; 1306).]


1849 Aug 8 / Small augs. / Switzerland / D-210. ** [II; 1307. The note copies information from pages 210 to 211 of The Book of the Damned. "Letter from Sir Robert H. Inglis...." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1849, Notices and Abstracts, 17-18.]


1849 Aug 10 / 5 hours / 254 mets at Aix-la-Chapellenone at Parma / BA 51-4. [II; 1309. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1851, 1-52, at 4-5. Immediately below this entry for Aix-la-Chapelle in the catalog, Colla reports "22 falling stars, some = 1st mag." at Parma.]


1849 Aug 10-11-12 / About same as July 23 / Not one relates to Perseus. [II; 1310. Powell, Baden. "A Catalogue of Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1849, 1-53, at 25-30.]


1849 Aug 11 / ab. 12:15 a.m. / Chinese Tartary / S to N / great det met / BA '60-88. [II; 1311. Greg, 89.]


1849 / 12, 13, 14 August / Great number of meteors as if from Pegasus / at Midhurst / CR 29-269. [II; 1312. "Bolides et étoiles filantes partant d'un point particulier du ciel." Comptes Rendus, 29 (1849): 269-270.]


[1849 Aug 13. Wrong date. See: 1849 July 30, (II; 1313).]


1849 Aug 20 / Great met / Derbyshire / BA 50-104. [II; 1314. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1850, 89-132, at 104.]


1849 Aug 21 / "Extraordinary and unheard of" flood of Red River / Trib. to Mississippi / N.Y. Herald, Sept 7-1-6. [II; 1315. "The Flood in Red River." New York Herald, September 7, 1849, p. 1 c. 6.]


1849 Aug 28to Sept 24 / E. Mec. 51-94 / Ac to David Packer, ac to a manuscript that had been in possession of R.A.S., observations by W. G. Lettsom, F.R.A.S., new star near Alpha Herculis. [II; 1316. Packer, David Elijah. "On a New Star Seen Near Alpha Herculis in the Year 1849." English Mechanic, 51 (no. 1305; March 28, 1890): 94-95, (illustration).]


1849 Aug 28 / (Ver) / (Cut) / Nova near Alpha Herculis / disco then by W.G. Lettsom / It gradually diminished. / E Mec (Eng Soc) 51/94, 159, 200. [II; 1317. Packer, David Elijah. "On a New Star Seen Near Alpha Herculis in the Year 1849." English Mechanic, 51 (no. 1305; March 28, 1890): 94-95, (illustration). Sadler, Herbert. "The Supposed New Star Near Alpha Herculis." English Mechanic, 51 (no. 1308; April 18, 1890): 159. "...I came to the conclusion that the object seen was simply a 'ghost.'" Packer, David Elijah. "On the New Star Seen Near Alpha Herculis in 1849...." English Mechanic, 51 (no. 1310; May 2, 1890): 200, 202.]


1849 Aug 30 / Slight rains in Maryland, but drought unprecendented / NY Herald 31-3-5. [II; 1318. "Our Baltimore Correspondence." New York Herald, August 31, 1849, p. 3 c. 5.]


1849 Sept 2 / near Alpine, Chattanooga Co., Georgia / Great fall of water, said been a waterspout. Made a hole 30 feet deep and 40 or 50 wide. Said that not long before another had fallen, making a hole 3 feet deep by 18 or 20. Sc. Amer, first series, 4-414. [II; 1319. "A Great Water Spout." Scientific American, o.s., 4 (September 15, 1849): 414.]


1849 Sept 14 / Eruption of Merapia, in Java, in a hurricane. Lasted till 17th. / Athenaeum, 1849-1217. [II; 1320. "Eruption of a Volcano in Java." Athenæum, 1849 (no.1153; December 1): 1217-1218. The Merapi volcano.]


1849 Sept 17 / [LT], 7-c / Waterspouts. [II; 1321. "Singular Phenomenon at Llanelly." London Times, September 17, 1849, p. 7 c. 3.]


1849 / ab middle Sept / Floods in Mexico / N.Y. Herald 29-2-5+. [II; 1322. (New York Herald, September 29, 1849, p. 2 c. 5; not found  in ths issue, nor a search.) A hurricane moved into the Rio Grande area on September 13, 1849.]


1849 / about the latter end of / Western-super-Mare, Somersetshire / augs by C.B. Chambers / See B.D. / B Assoc '52/237. [IIl 1323. The note copies information from page 208 of The Book of the Damned. (BA 32-237) Baden Powell. "Report on observations of luminous meteors, 1851-52." Annual Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1852, 178-239, at 235-7. Fort takes this data from Charles B. Chalmer's letter to Read, except for Read's denial of the objects being seeds.)]


1849 Sept 26 / Began eruption of Mt. Merapia / Java. / Athenaeum 1849-1217. [II; 1324. "Eruption of a Volcano in Java." Athenæum, 1849 (no.1153; December 1): 1217-1218. The Merapi volcano.]


1849 Sept. 30 / Trombe / Calvados / C.R. 29-451. [II; 1325. Artur. "Note sur la trombe qui a ravagé, le 30 septembre 1849, la commune de Douvre, près Caen (Calvados)." Comptes Rendus, 29 (1849): 451-452.]


1849 Oct 14 / Schmidt / similar to Oct 11, '47 (?) / Observatory 3/137. [II; 1326. Ledger, Edmund. "Observations or supposed observations of the Transits of Intra-Mercurial planets or other Bodies across the Sun's Disk." Observatory, 3 (1879-80): 135-8, at 137. Schmidt, Johann Friedrich Julius. Resultate aus elfjährigen Beobachtungen der Sonnenflecken. Vienna: Eduard Hölzel, 1857, 31. "October 14. Um 11 Uhr sah ich einen etwa 15" grosser dunklen wohl 30" grosser Körper sehr schnell von  O.—W. vor der Sonne vorüberfliegen. Es war weder ein Vogel noch ein Insekt." See: 1847 Oct. 11, (II; 1159).]


1849 Oct 22 / Commander Island, Alaska / violent q. / BA 1911-42. [II; 1327. Turner, H.H., et al. "Seismological Investigations." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1911, 30-67, at 42. A class II or III earthquake. Milne, 709.]


1849 Oct 26 / Le Moniteur Universal / In the department of the Ain, between Rosy and Chavannes, after lightning without thunder, a luminous globe the size of a little balloon. / --il s'est eleve' de la terre masque d'abord a l'observateur par un buisson / It divided into ten or a dozen little ones that sparkled and fell. [II; 1328.1, 1328.2. (Le Moniteur Universal, October 26, 1849.)]


1849 Oct 31 / 3 p.m. / Charlotte, N.C. / tremendous explosion / rock reported fallen from sky / "bluish gritty rock" bearing marks of recent fracture, blackened as if by smoke and pitted. It had splintered a pine log. in Cabarrus Co. / A.J. Sci, 2/9/143/ It would seem that luminous objects had been seen moving toward a common center. / BA 60-88. [II; 1329.1, 1329.2. This is the Monroe meteorite. "Meteorite in North Carolina." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 9 (1850): 143-146. Greg, 88.]


1849 Oct. 31 / (Cut) / Sound 3 / 3 quick explosions [nea]r Charlotte, N. Car. / Am J. Sci 2/9/143 / Said like of heavy artillery. Said that a stone had fallen at Cabaras, 25 miles away. / (F) / BA 50-92 / 60-88. [II; 1330. "Meteorite in North Carolina." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 9 (1850): 143-146. Fletcher, 101. This is the Cabarras County meteorite. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1850, 89-132, at 92-93. Greg, 88.]


1849 Nov 1 / (+) / (on Oct 31) / "Several meteoric explosions and meteors this day. / South Carolina / BA 60-88 / See Silliman's account in Am J. Sci. [II; 1331. Greg, 89. "Meteorite in North Carolina." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 9 (1850): 143-146.]


1849 Nov 1 / Brilliant met, Tampa, Florida, in the evening. / BA '60-88. [II; 1332. Greg, 88.]


1849 Nov. 2 / 5:30 p.m. / Swansea / met / BA 50/105. [II; 1333. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1850, 89-132, at 105-106. Greg, 88.]


1849 Nov. 7-8 / Bombay / A large met, and all night "the air was filled with shooting stars of lesser magnitude." / BA 50-107. [II; 1334. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1850, 89-132, at 107.]


1849 Nov 7, 8, 9 / A great met, Bombay, 7, 8 / at Asseerghur, 9th / BA 50-107. [II; 1335. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1850, 89-132, at 107. Lowe, 137. Greg, 88.]


1849 Nov. 8 / Bombay / 6:30 p.m. / Met in Pleiades, which were 20 degrees above horizon. / BA 50-107. [II; 1336. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1850, 89-132, at 107.]


1849 Nov 13? / ab. Nov. 25 / Algeria (?) / (See Jan 25, '50.) / Stones fell in Tunis. / Timbs 1851-269. [II; 1337. "Aerolites." Timbs' Year-Book of Facts in Science and Art, 1851, 269-270. "A letter from Jerbah, dated Jan. 25, 1850, records, about two months previously, the Fall of a Shower of Aerolites...." "Letter from Mr. Richardson to Viscount Palmerston on the Fall of Aerolites at Tunis." Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, 5 (1843-1850): 932-933. See: 1850 (Jan 25), (II; 1360).]


1849 Nov. 13 / (Algiers) Tripoli / Stones fell. Seen in Italy. BA 60-88. [II; 1338. Greg, 88.]


1849 Nov 15 / near Brazil? / 7:20 p.m. / Cometary object large as Mars / from a ship / lat 13°-22' / long 24° 50' W. / An Sci D, 1851-367. [II; 1339. "Comet Discovered in 1849 at Sea.." Annual of Scientific Discovery, 1851, 367. "Extract of a Letter from Mr. J. Curley, of Georgetown College, Washington." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 10 (1850): 122-123. Gould, Benjamin Apthorp. "Southern Comet of November 1849." Astronomical Journal, 1 (1850): 79. Gould provides a correction of the details from the ship's captain. "It was on November 15, sea account. The true time of the ship was 7h. 30m. P.M. Latitude 13° 32' south, and longitude 34° 50' west of Greenwich. Its bearing from the ship was west-northwest; its course was southeast and northwest; height of head from the horizon, 48°; in sight about one hour."]


1849 Nov 16 / Meteor / England / "Ascending slowly." / B Assoc 1852/194. [II; 1340. Powell, Baden. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1851-52." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1852, Reports on the State of Science, 178-239, at 194.]


1849 Nov 19 / 4:40 a.m. / q. / Brest / See May 26. / C.R. 29/638 / Rolling sound. [II; 1341. Leras. "Tremblement de terre ressenti à Brest le 19 novembre 1849." Comptes Rendus, 29 (1849): 638-639. See: 1849 May 26, (II; 1293).]


1849 Nov. 27 / [LT], 5-1 / Volc in Java / See also 19-4-f. / bound one month. [II; 1342. "Eruption of a Volcano in Java." London Times, November 29, 1849, p. 5 c. 1. The Merapi volcano. "America." London Times, November 19, 1849, p. 4 c. 6. Earthquakes shook Cordova, on September 25, and Mexico City, on September 28, 1849.]


1849 Nov. 28 / (It) / Parma / q / BA '11. [II; 1343. A class I earthquake. Milne, 709.]


1849 Dec. 12 / Meteor / Shorapore / RMarch 19, 1849. [II; 1344. Greg, 88. Refer to: 1849 March 19, (A; 259). Buist, George. "Notices of the most remarkable Meteors in India of the fall of which accounts have been published." Transactions of the Bombay Geographical Society, 9 (1849-1850): 197-230, at 213.]


1849 Dec. 17 / Op Mars / (Al). [II; 1345. Opposition of Mars. Nautical Almanac and Astronomical Ephemeris, 1849, 573.]


1849 Dec 19 / 5:15 p.m. / Durham / great met / BA 50/108. [II; 1346. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1850, 89-132, at 108-113. Lowe, 137. Forbes, James David. "Account of a Remarkable Meteor, seen 19th December, 1849." Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 2 (January 1851): 309-316. Greg, 88.]


1849 Dec 21 / New Haven, Conn / met / BA 60-88. [II; 1347. Greg, 88.]


1849 / latter part / Augs / Weston-super-Mare. [II; 1348.]


1850:


[1850 / ab . Wrong date. See: 1849 Ap 18 or 19, (II; 1282).]


1850 / Sleeper Susan C. Godsey, near Hickman, Ky. / See Oct 27, 1873. [A; 270. See: 1870 Oct 15, (A; 633), and, 1873 Oct 27, (A; 861).]


1850 / Waterford, near Troy, N.Y. / Polt / 10-year old daughter of Anson At[t]wood / Mrs. Hardinge, History of Amer. Spiritualism, p. 77. [A; 271. Britten, Emma Hardinge. Modern American Spiritualism. 4th ed. New York: Hardinge, 1870; 77-79.]


1850 / Slag / (Maine). [II; 1349.]


1850 / about / BO / In the Daily News, April 1, 1924, Dr. F.E. Weiss, Pro of Botany, University of Manchester, tells of Canadian pondweed that infested the canals and slow-moving rivers of England, ab 1850, saying that the spread and exuberant growth had never been satisfactorily explained. [II; 1350.1, 1350.2. (Daily News, April 1, 1924). Weiss, Frederick Ernest. "A Preliminary Account of the Submerged Vegetation of Lake Windermere as affecting the Feeding Ground of Fish." Memoirs and Proceedings of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society, 53 no. 11 (1909): 1-9. Weiss, Frederick Ernest. "On the Occurrence and Distribution of some Alien Aquatic Plants in the Reddish Canal." Memoirs and Proceedings of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society, 53 no. 14 (1909): 1-8. The Canadian pondweed Elodea canadensis is native to North America; but, it appeared in County Down, Ireland, in 1836, and was first noticed in Great Britain, in 1841 or 1842.]


1850-51 / (Clergy) / Cideville phe / Dale Owen's Footfalls / Home of a clergyman, M. Tinel. Mediums were 2 children who boarded with him. Rappings for 2 1/2 months. Stopped when the children were sent to their homes. Not only rappings but intolerable poundings some times. The sounds beat time to music. When asked would indicate the number of persons in a room. Strong force moved a table when the mayor of Cideville and another visitor were sitting on it and trying to prevent its movement. [A; 282.1, 282.2, 282.3. Owen, Robert Dale. Footfalls on the Boundary of Another World. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott, 1872, 272-283.]


1850 Jan [3]1 / [LT]. 5-f / Spon Comb. [A; 272. "Death by Fire." London Times, January 31, 1850, p. 5 c. 6. A crippled woman was discovered "burnt as scarcely to be recognized" in Hampstead; but, she had fallen against the grate of her fire. No suggestion is made, herein, of any "spontaneous" combustion.]


1850 Jan 2 / 3:45 a.m. / Aix and Bruehl / det met / BA 60-102 / In Prussia, sound shook earth like a q. [II; 1351.1. Greg, 102-103.]


1850 Jan 2 / Aix and Bruehl / 3:45 a.m. / met, great light, and strong detonation / BA '60-102. (To Box II from Box B). [II; 1351.2. Greg, 102-103.]


[1850 Jan. 2. Wrong date. See: 1850 Oct 13 and 14, (II; 1353).]


1850 Jan 6 / Meteor / England / "Ascending slowly / B Assoc 1852/194. [II; 1352. Powell, Baden. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1851-52." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1852, Reports on the State of Science, 178-239, at 194-195.]


1850 Jan 7 / Beam / for 6 nights / Eng / BA 54/410. [II; 1354. Powell, Baden. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1853-54." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1854, Reports on the State of Science, 386-415, at 410-412.]


1850 Jan 9 / [LT], 4-f / Sunspots. [II; 1355. Lassell, W. "Spots on the Sun." London Times, January 9, 1850, p. 4 c. 6. "An immense spot, plainly visible to the naked eye, is to-day upon the face of the sun." "On viewing the sun afterwards with a telescope I found a crowd of small spots near the principal one, which doubtless added to the impression made upon the unassisted eye."]


1850 Jan. 9 / Bonn, etc. / 3:30 a.m. / det met / BA 60-88. [II; 1356. Greg, 89.]


1850 Jan 14 / Meteor near Bombay / Ref, March 19, 1849. [II; 1357. Refer to: 1849 March 19, (A; 259). Buist, George. "Notices of the most remarkable Meteors in India of the fall of which accounts have been published." Transactions of the Bombay Geographical Society, 9 (1849-1850): 197-230, at 214. The meteor was obseved at Bellari and at Pen, India, (and reported to the Bombay Times).]


1850 Jan 15 / Fr / Meteor at Cherbourg / CR 35/353. [II; 1358. Fleury, L. "Météores ignés observés à Cherbourg, le 15 janvier 1850." Comptes Rendus, 35 (1852): 353-354.]


[1850 Jan 20. Wrong date. See: 1858 Jan 20, (II; 1359).]


1850 (Jan 25) / (Algeria) / stones / Tripoli / An. Sc. Disc 51-373 / See Nov. 25, '49. / Seems to me got same under another date. [II; 1360. "Various Meteors." Annual of Scientific Discovery, 1851, 373. See: 1849 Nov 13?, (II; 1337).]


1850 Feb. 5 / Sandwich, Eng / met stationary / 1 3/4 min. / exploded and moved on / Rec Sci 1/137. [II; 1361. Lowe, 137. "Stationary 1 3/4 min., exploded, and moved on." Greg, 89.]


1850 Feb 5 / (Cut) / (broke through) / by W.H. Weekes, at Sandwich, Kent / B Assoc., 51/38/ saw a speck of dull light at a point near Orion. It increased though stationary till 1/3 size of moon. A meteor of this size moved away slowly, visible 45 seconds, but a luminous disk remained stationary, ab. one degree in diameter, then lesseningvisible 3 minutes more. / (See March, 1877.) [II; 1362.1, 1362.2. Pabst: "'Broke through' possibly refers to clouds in the sky." Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1851, 1-52, at 38, Appendix, "No. 2." "...glowing through the thin grey mist like a moderately red-hot iron ball, until it had acquired an apparent diameter equal to at least one-third that of the full moon, when, without any noise of an explosion being heard, it suddenly burst, the main body taking a slow rectilineal motion parallel to the horizon and to the eastward; the instant when the motion of the meteorolite commenced many large, glowing, red fragments were thrown off in various directions from the centre, and a brilliant shower of variegated fire descended perpendicularly towards the earth. So beautiful was it that it resembled the coloured rain from a sky-rocket." From its appearance until the object burst was "1 minute 45 seconds." William Henry Weekes was a surgeon and experimenter in electrical devices.]


1850 Feb 6 / Meteor / Bombay / RMarch 19, 1849. [II; 1363. Refer to: 1849 March 19, (A; 259). Buist, George. "Notices of the most remarkable Meteors in India of the fall of which accounts have been published." Transactions of the Bombay Geographical Society, 9 (1849-1850): 197-230, at 214.]


1850 Feb. 7 / Meteor near Northampton / See Feb 11. / Northampton Herald, 16th. [II; 1364. (Northampton Herald, 1850 Feb 16). "Remarkable Phenomenon"; "Sharnbrook.Remarkable Meteoric Phenomenon"; "Meteor"; "The Meteor"; "Extraordinary Meteoric Phenomenon"; and, "Extraordinary Phenomenon." Northampton Mercury, February 16, 1850, p. 3 c. 2-3. The meteor was observed on Monday night, (February 11). See: 1850 Feb 11, (II; 1369).]


1850 Feb 7 / Vesuvius / An Sci D 51-279. [II; 1365. "Eruption of Vesuvius." Annual of Scientific Discovery, 1851, 279-280.]


1850 Feb 8 / meteor / Bombay / RMarch 19, 1849. [II; 1366. Refer to: 1849 March 19, (A; 259). Buist, George. "Notices of the most remarkable Meteors in India of the fall of which accounts have been published." Transactions of the Bombay Geographical Society, 9 (1849-1850): 197-230, at 215.]


1850 Feb. 9 / 6:30 p.m. and at 11 / Nottingham / many meteors / BA 50-96. [II; 1367. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1850, 89-132, at 96-97.]


1850 Feb 11 / night / Det met / Padbury / LT, Jan 5-11-f. [II; 1368. "A Meteor." London Times, February 13, 1850, p. 7 c. 1. "The Meteor." London Times, February 14, 1850, p. 6 c. 5. Glaisher, James. "Additional Observations on the Meteor of February 11, 1850, and Deduction of the Results from all the Observations." London, Edinburgh and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, s. 3 v. 36 (April, 1850): 249-271, at 256. (1850 London Times, Jan 5-11-f. Check in Palmer's Index of the Times.) Greg, 89. Pabst: "Note: Jan 5 of which year?" The "Jan 5-11-f" reference is erroneous.]


1850 Feb 11 / (+) / 10:41 p.m. / Great met / Eng. / BA 50/99 / And, others, some detonating. All from W to E. [II; 1369. (BA 50-99). Glaisher, James. "On the Meteor which appeared on Monday, the 11th of February 1850, at about 10h 45m P.M." London, Edinburgh and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, s. 3 v. 36 (March, 1850): 221-234. Glaisher, James. "Additional Observations on the Meteor of February 11, 1850, and Deduction of the Results from all the Observations." London, Edinburgh and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, s. 3 v. 36 (April, 1850): 249-271. Lowe, 131, 137. Greg, 89.]


[1850 Feb 11 /] 1830 Feb. 11 / (F) / Bedfordshire / Met explosion / "Things Not Generally Known, p. 30 / by E. J. Lowe. [I; 1531. No meteorite listed by Fletcher. Timbs, John. Things Not Generally Known, Familiarly Explained. New edition. London: David Bogue, 1857, 30, at: "Height of the Atmosphere," by Edward Joseph Lowe.]


1850 / early inthe writer thinks / Polt and Met / In Times, Dec 29, 1863, Mr. M. P. W. Boulton says one evening in Oxfordshire, early in 1850 he thinks, sounds heard as if in his house, which was searched without availthen learned that a meteor been seen about this time. / Times, Dec 31, Prof. A. S. Herschel thinks it was met of Feb 11, 1850. [II; 1370.1, 1370.2. Boulton, Matthew Piers Watt, and others. "Meteors." London Times, December 29, 1863, p. 8 c. 4. Herschel, Alexander S, and Charles C. Walker. "Meteors." London Times, December 31, 1863, p. 7 c. 6. Matthew Piers Watt Boulton's manor house was at the Great Tew Estate, in Cotwold Hills, Oxfordshire.]


1850 Feb 11 / Immediately after the meteor a sharp breeze sprang up near Northampton / Northampton Herald, Feb. 16. [II; 1371. (Northampton Herald, Feb 16, 1850).]


1850 Feb 11 / Met / England / details / Timbs 1851-268. [II; 1372. "Splendid Meteor." Timbs' Year-Book of Facts in Science and Art, 1851, 268-269.]


1850 Feb. 13 / [LT], 7-a / Met. [II; 1373. "A Meteor." London Times, February 13, 1850, p. 7 c. 1. "After descending several degrees it burst exactly like a rocket, and then disappeared. Almost immediately afterwards a continuous peal of thunder was heard for about half a minute. The heavens were exceedingly bright, and where the thunder seemed to roll not the least trace of a cloud was visible, as the stars shone there very brilliantly. The power of the light was so great that a man described to me that the street in which he was walking was as clear as in the daytime." The fireball was observed at Bedford and at Lambeth, about 10:45 p.m.]


[1850 Feb 18 or 28 (?). Wrong date. See: 1850 Feb 28, (II; 1374).]


1850 Feb. 20 / [LT], 6-c / Vesuvius. [II; 1375. "Naples." London Times, February 20, 1850, p. 6 c. 3. "A letter from Naples of the 9th gives an account of an eruption of Mount Vesuvius which has just occurred. According to thjs account it was one of the most magnificent ever seen."]


1850 Feb. 22 / Great met / England / Germany? / BA 60-88. [II; 1376. Greg, 89.]


1850 Feb 26 / Meteor / Vingorlah, India / RMarch 19, 1849. [II; 1377. Refer to: 1849 March 19, (A; 259). Buist, George. "Notices of the most remarkable Meteors in India of the fall of which accounts have been published." Transactions of the Bombay Geographical Society, 9 (1849-1850): 197-230, at 215.]


1850 Feb 26 / N / Spon Comb. / Times, 1850, Feb. 26-8-e. [A; 273. "Death by Spontaneous Combustion." London Times, February 26, 1850, p. 8 c. 5. "The following extraordinary occurrence is related in the Gazette des Tribunaux:'A few days ago, in a tavern near the Barrière de l'Etoile, a journeyman painter, named Xavier C——, well known for his intemperate habits, while drinking with some comrades. laid a wager that he would eat a lighted candle. His bet was taken, and scarcely had he introduced the flaming candle into his mouth when he uttered a slight cry, and fell powerless to the ground. A bluish flame was seen to flicker about his lips, and, on an attempt being made to offer him assistance, the bystanders were horrorstruck to find that he was burning internally. At the end of half an hour his head and the upper part of his chest were reduced to charcoal. Two medical men were called in, and recognized that Xavier had fallen victim to spontaneous combustion. This conflagration of the human frame is frightfully rapid in its progress; bones, skin, and muscle, all are devoured, consumed, and reduced to ashes. A handful of dust on the spot where the victim fell is all that remains.'" (Gazette des Tribunaux, ab. 1850).]


[1850 Feb 28 /]1850 Feb 18 or 28 (?) / (N)op '49 / a Schmidt Vulcan / D-193. [II; 1374. The note copies information from page 193 of The Book of the Damned. Carrington, Richard Christopher. "On some previous observations of supposed planetary bodies in transit over the Sun." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 20 (March 1860): 192-194. Schmidt, Johann Friedrich Julius. Resultate aus elfjährigen Beobachtungen der Sonnenflecken. Vienna: Eduard Hölzel, 1857, 32. "Februar 28. 10 U. 12 M. Morg. Ein dunkler wohl 30" grosser Körper zog von W.O. vor der Sonne vorüber; ich zweiflte gleich, dass es ein ferner Vogel gewessen sei."]


1850 March 8 / [LT], 3-f / Expected great comet / also Ap. 4-5-a / VisibleJuly 5-6-d / to me in index 4. [II; 1378. Hind, John Russell. "The Expected Great Comet." London Times, March 8, 1850, p. 3 c. 6. "The revolution assigned to the grand comet of 1680 by Halley (575 years), and copied into nearly all our popular works on astronomy, can hardly be correct, as the testimony of many historians, uknown to that astronomer, has more recently shown. In fact, after a strict search through the history of comets in past times, there does not appear to be any one which affords decisive indications of identity with that rendered celerated by our couuntrymen Newton and Halley. It is tolerably certain, that had Halley been acquainted with the particulars brought to light within the last century, he would not have supposed the comet of 1680 to revolve round the sun in 575 years." Hind, John Russell. "The Expected Great Comet." London Times, April 4, 1850, p. 5 c. 1. " Hind, after reviewing a new set of calculations by Bomme with his own calculations, now predicts the return of the comet observed in 1264 and 1556, as "between 1858 and 1860," with "the time fixed for the return of the comet by my elements (August 2, 1858) must be within two years of the truth, (rather than before "the close of 1851," as stated in is previous letter). "The Comet." London Times, July 5, 1850, p. 6 c. 4. "For some few evenings past the comet discovered by Dr. Peterson, at Altona, on the 1st of May, has been visible to the naked eye in the constellation Bootes." Comet C/1850 J1.]


1850-51 / Polt / Stratford, Conn. [A; 274.]


1850 March 10 / Phe at Stratford, Conn, began. / Spiritualist, Aug 16, and 30, 1878. [A; 275. "Remarkable Spiritual Manifestation in the House of the Rev. E. Phelps, D.D." Spiritualist Newspaper, (London), 13 (no. 312; August 16, 1878): 73-78, and, (no. 314; August 30, 1878): 99-102.]


1850 March 10 / Stratford, Conn., phe began. / To Dec, 1851. [A; 276.]


1850/ Stratford, Conn. / Home of Rev. Eliakim Phelps, D.D. / I take from A. C. Holms' acts of Psychic Science, p. 261. There is a detailed account by E. W. Capron in his book "Modern Spiritualism, published in the year 1855. Family was Mr and Mrs Phelps, 2 daughters, aged 16 and 6; two son, aged 12 and 3, and a house maid. The disturbances began March 10, 1850, two years after the family moved in, and continued more than a year and a half. Coming back from church, this day they found the front door open. Furniture in the nursery was in disorder. Nothing else disturbed. In the afternoon, others went to the church, but Dr. Phelps remained at home. He saw and heard nothing, but on return of the others, many things were found out of place. In a bedroom, a nightgown was laid on a bed, with arms crossed on breast to represent a corpse. There were "cryptic writings" on the walls. Next day articles from a locked trunk were taken out. Small articles were thrown about. Third day increase of throwing about. So each day. On fifth rappings and heavy poundings that "terminated in a frightful scream which was not human in character". A chair rose and violently beat the floor. The disturbances were usually in the day and ended at sunset. / On the 6th day the phe centered upon the son Harry, aged about 12. His clothes torn, while in the house and again while in a carriage with his father. Seventh day effigies skillfully made by stuffing clothes appeared in various parts of the house. Found in locked rooms. About 12 of them. Some placed in attitudes of devotion with an open Bible or prayer book before them. Such skill that one of them was recognized as a representation of Mrs. Phelps. Hats of visitors carried away and hidden. Boy Harry tormentedlifted from flooronce put in the cisternonce suspended from a tree. Several times he was insensible, from 10 to 50 minutes. He was sent away. Phe stopped. He returned. Phe returned. About the 4th week damage began. Panes of glass broken by household articles thrown against them.Spirits angered by something? Water from pitchers poured on beds. Furniture damaged$200. April 13th especial violence, and poundings so that no sleep in the house. Mrs Phelps, while in bed, was pinched and pricked as if by pins. A spiritualist is said to have got into communication, with raps, and the spirit rapped out a long story of a transaction by which members of the family were defrauded. This story was not published. Damage increased. Dr Phelps noticed that presence of strangers affected phe. With some greater violence; with other phe stopped. Communications continued. According to these more than one spirit. One spirit would accuse another of lying. One would pound to confuse a message of another. To the question as to why such damage was done, the answer was "For fun." This is a typical boy's answer. I remember that when I was a boy and was questioned as to why I had been mischevious I answered, as a standardized answer"For fun." The language was often orifane, but rarely obscene. Found that diplomacy had effect upon the spirits. During a disturbance, some one commanded them or it to stop. Disturbances went on. Someone else asked them to be so kind as to stop. Phe. stopped Other such instances. In Nov., 1851, boy Harry was sent to a boarding school in Philadelphia, though the spirits had warned Dr Phelps not to send him, because harm would befall him. Two days later he was sent home. Loud raps had disturbed the school and his clothes had been torn to ribbons. Piano was heard to play. There were mysterious fires. Papers on which were direct spirit writings were burned. In July, 1851, Harry was sent away for two months, and while away was entranced and clarvoyant. Said that his sister too was a medium. All phe ceased Dec 15, 1851. [A; 277.1 to 277.21. Holms, Archibald Campbell. The Facts of Psychic Science And Philosophy. Jamaica, N.Y.: Occult Press, 1927, 261-267. Capron, Eliab Wilkinson. Modern Spiritualism. Boston: Bela Marsh, 1855; 132-171. "Family was Mr and Mrs Phelps" was given as "Capron" on the note, (given as such by Thayer and Pabst).]


1850 March 21 / [LT], 6-c / Meteor. [II; 1379. Law, William. "To the Editor of the Times." London Times, March 21, 1850, p. 6 c. 3. Law observed "a remarkable beam of light" on the nights of March 10, 12, and 13, "stretching from the horizon to a point midway between Aries and the Pleiades"; and, tho his first impression was that of an auroral light, he thought afterwards that it was either the zodiacal light or a comet.]


1850 March 25 / This day cor in LT, Aug 27, 1859, saw sunspot as a notch on edge of sun. [II; 1380. Newall, Robert Stirling. "Solar Spots and the Weather." London Times, August 27, 1859, p. 5 c. 6.]


[1850 April 1 /] 1850 (Sept 30) / Met rocket / One seen on Sep. 30, 1850, mistaken for an alarm rocket, at Aden, by a sentry, who discharged his gun and summoned garrison of 3000 men to arms. / B As. 51/43. [II; 1462. Fort confuses two meteors into one in this note. The meteor observed at Aden occurred on April 1, 1850; and, the other, "Jenny Lind's meteor," was observed on September 30, 1850. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1851, 1-52, at 43-44. For the account of "Jenny Lind's meteor": Powell, Baden. "Report on observations of luminous meteors, 1854-55." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1855, Notices and Abstracts, 79-100, at 95.]


1850 Ap. 10 / Bombay / meteor / RMarch 19, 1849. [II; 1381. Refer to: 1849 March 19, (A; 259). Buist, George. "Notices of the most remarkable Meteors in India of the fall of which accounts have been published." Transactions of the Bombay Geographical Society, 9 (1849-1850): 197-230, at 215-216.]


1850 Ap. 13 / Waterspout strikes vessel in Bristol Channelvessel towed to Bristol. / L.T. 16-5-f / N.M. [II; 1382. "A Waterspout.—Bristol." London Times, April 16, 1850, p. 5 c. 6. "As the Fanny and Jane brig, 118 tons, from London to Bristol, with a cargo of wines and general merchandise, was proceeding up channel, when about 12 miles off Padstow she had her masts, bowspit, and everything above deck carried away by a waterspout."]


1850 Ap. 14 / Phe / See 1805. [II; 1383. Galli, Ignazio. "Raccolta e classificazione di fenomeni luminosi osservati nei terremoti." Bollettino della Società Sismologica Italiana, 14 (1910): 221-448, at 362.  See: 1805 July 26, (I; 146).]


1850 Ap 15, 16, 17 / Meteors / India / RMarch 19, 1849. [II; 1384. Refer to: 1849 March 19, (A; 259). Buist, George. "Notices of the most remarkable Meteors in India of the fall of which accounts have been published." Transactions of the Bombay Geographical Society, 9 (1849-1850): 197-230, at 216.]


1850 April 17 / Pollen / 11 a.m. / At Mumbles, near Swansea, yellow rain. Colored by pollen / Gardeners' Chronicle, June 1. [II; 1385. "In the autumn of 1845...." Gardeners' Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, 1850 no. 22 (June 1, 1850): 339. "A yellow rain fell on the 17th of last April, at 11 o'clock A.M., at the Mumbles, near Swansea, the sky being at the time bright and free from clouds. The spots of rain when fresh were of an ochre yellow, and the colour remained for many days, notwithstanding heavy rains, where the spots had fallen."]


1850 Ap. 18 / At Dublin, perhaps most terrific th storm known in northern latitudes. / A. Reg. 1850-58. [II; 1386. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 92 (1850): pt. 2, 1-160, at 58-59, cv. "Awful Storm and Destruction of Property at Dublin."]


1850 / 19th April, and others up to 21st / (q and hail) / Anatolia / The strongesr shocks followed shortly after heavy storms of hail. / Timbs 1851-266. [II; 1387. "Earthquake in Anatolia." Timbs' Year-Book of Facts in Science and Art, 1851, 266-267.]


1850 Ap. 20 / Extraordinary display of meteors, various parts of India / Observatory 20/174. [II; 1388. Denning, William Frederick. "The April Meteors." Observatory, 20 (1897): 174-175.]


1850 Ap. 29 / [LT], 3-d / Singular case of an eagle at Crathy. [A; 278. "Singular Story of an Eagle." London Times, April 29, 1850, p. 3 c. 4. A captive eagle escaped its cage, but, two days later, she descended with a few yards of her former owner and submitted to her recapture.]


1850 May 5 / Hailstorm / Phil Mag 1850-420. [II; 1389. Birt, William Radcliffe. "On the Hail Storm of May 5, 1850, as observed at the Kew Observatory." London, Edinburgh and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, s. 3 v. 36 (June, 1850): 420-423.]


1850 May 13 / Shock / California / during eruption of Mauna Loa / List of recorded earthquakes in California, Lower California, Oregon and Washington Territory, by Edward S. Holden. [II; 1390. Holden, Edward Singleton. List of Recorded Earthquakes in California, Lower California, Oregon and Washington Territory. Sacramento: State Office, J.D. Young, Supt. of State Printing, 1887, 22.]


1850 May 21 / 9:30 p.m. / det met / Bonn / BA 60-90. [II; 1391. Greg, 90.]


1850 June 4 / (d-fog and mets) / France / Dry fog and many falling stars / strong odor of sulphur / June 5, eveninggreat bolide / " 6, "another / All these recorded together by M. Goldschmidt / Cosmos 15/36. [II; 1392. "Faits de science." Cosmos, 15 (July 8, 1859): 36-38, at 36-37.]


1850 June 4 / d. fog and mets / FranceDry fog with a sulphurous odorconsiderable number of falling stars / in the evening5th, a great bolide seen in a great part of France / 6th, a daylight meteor at Dijon / Cosmos 15-36. [II; 1393. "Faits de science." Cosmos, 15 (July 8, 1859): 36-38, at 36-37.]


1850 June / Series / 4-d fog and mets / 59 p.m.met / 5electricelectric / 611 a.m.det met / [6]9 p.m., again / See June 16. [II; 1394. See: 1850 June 4, (II: 1392 & 1393); 1850 June 5, (II: 1395 to 1400); 1850 June 6, (II: 1401 to 1409); and, 1850 June 16, (II; 1414).]


1850 June 5 / 9:23 p.m. / Great meteor / Caen / C.R. 30/781 / BA 60-90. [II; 1395. "Météore lumineux observé à Caen, dans la soirée du 5 juin." Comptes Rendus, 30 (1850): 781. Greg, 90.]


1850 June 5 / evening / At Wingerworth, Derbyshire"lightning flashes terminating in squares and balls of fire." / BA 50-102. [II; 1396. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1850, 89-132, at 102-103.]


1850 June 5 / between 9 and 10 p.m. / Havre and Rouen / meteor size of moon / BA 50-118 / Rouen, ab 9:15, detonating. [II; 1397. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1850, 89-132, at 117-118. Greg, 90.]


1850 June 5 / ab. 10 p.m. / An extraordinary meteor at Amiens fell in a northwesterly direction and was visible a minute. / Le Moniteur Universel, June 8 / p.1972 / June 102000at Havre and Rouensaid was 9:15 at Rouen when detonation was heard. / Also at Auxerre / See 6th. / Le Mon162070-2+ / visible a minute. [II; 1398.1, 1398.2. (Le Moniteur. June 8, 1850, p. 1972; June 10, 1850, p. 2000; June 16, 1850, p. 2070, 2+).]


1850 June 5 / 9:23 p.m. / at Caen / The meteor during stormy weather / C.R. 30-781. [II; 1399. "Météore lumineux observé à Caen, dans la soirée du 5 juin." Comptes Rendus, 30 (1850): 781.]


1850 June 5 / Some math. of this bolide in C.R. 36-1022. [II; 1400. Petit, Frédéric. "Note sur le bolide du 5 juin 1850." Comptes Rendus, 36 (1853): 1022-1027.]


1850 June 6 / At Tonnerre and at Auxerre (Côte d'Or), 11 a.m., 2 loud detonations and a trembling of the earthat Auxerre, several times during the day. [II; 1401.]


1850 June 6 / (11 a.m.) / Le Moniteur Universel, June 21-2125-2, says that ac to the Courrier de Lyon there had been heard in Côte d'Or a great commotion of unknown origin, but that the mystery had been cleared up. A cor. had written telling of having been in his garden at 11:15. Had seen in the sky a red globe making a trail of fire. He had heard that a dark object had been seen falling. [II; 1402. (Le Moniteur Universel, June 21-2125-2,).]


1850 June 6 / 11:25 a.m. / France / great det met / BA 60-90. [II; 1403. Greg, 90. Lowe, 137.]


1850 June 6 / 11 a.m. / Montbard, Chatillon, Dijon, Semur (Côte d'Or), Tonnerre (Yonne) Loud detonations like discharge of artillery and severe q of earth / CR 30-784. [II; 1404. Luquet. "Détonation entendue, par un temps serein, à Montbard, à Châtillon, à Dijon, à Semur (Côte-d'Or) et à Tonnerre (Yonne)." Comptes Rendus, 30 (1850): 784-785.]


1850 June 6 / 11:15 a.m. / At Bretenières (Côte d'Or), luminous meteor and 2 detonations. / C.R. 31-11 / Luminous meteor seen at Dijon31-178. / Perrey writes that seems "we" were in a path of remarkable meteors; but not "we" France? [II; 1405. "M. Arago, à l'occasion de ces deux communications...." Comptes Rendus, 31 (1850): 11. Perrey, Alexis. "Note sur une détonation aérienne, entendue à Dijon le 6 juin 1850, et qui a coincidé sensiblement avec l'apparition d'un bolide." Comptes Rendus, 31 (1850): 177-179.]


1850 June 6 / 9:28 p.m. / Near Orly (Seine), met. Also in the Oise, where detonation heard and quaking of earth reported. / C.R. 30/782 / Verify this. [II; 1406. Bourdin. "Observation d'un météore lumineux à Choisy-le-Roi (Seine) dans la soirée du 6 juin." Comptes Rendus, 30 (1850): 781-782. Beauvais is the capital of the Oise département. See: 1850 June 6, (II; 1408).]


1850 June / News date June 11"avant-hier" concussions felt at Hornberg (Saxe-Altenbourg) / Le Mon. Univ., June 19-1-2* / Crater few yards long found on the mt. and a gush of water sprang from it and fell in Juisseau de Zschapabad. / warm water of a "gout doucereux". [II; 1407. (Le Moniteur. 1850 June 19-1-2).]


1850 June 6 / 9:35 p.m. / After disap of the met, a shock felt at Beauvais. / C.R. 30-783 / Detonations heard. [II; 1408. Maillard. "Apparition d'un météore lumineux suivi d'une détonation, observé le 6 juin 1850, vers 9h 30m du soir, sur plusiers points du département de l'Oise." Comptes Rendus, 30 (1850): 782-783.]


1850 June 6 / 11:15 / At Montbard, Tonnerre, Semur, Dijon, Chatillon, loud detonation. / C.R. 30-784 / Said was heard again several times during the day, but fainterdetonations. / Heard at Auxerre, where night of 5th, three meteors had been seen. / On 6th, at Tonnerre, strong q. and sound. / June 5 / Meteor at Compiègne at 9:35 p.m. / C.R. 30-832. [II; 1409.1, 1409.2. Luquet. "Détonation entendue, par un temps serein, à Montbard, à Châtillon, à Dijon, à Semur (Côte-d'Or) et à Tonnerre (Yonne)." Comptes Rendus, 30 (1850): 784-785. "M. Préaux donne quelques détails sur le météore lumineux du 5 juin...." Comptes Rendus, 30 (1850): 832.]


1850 June 10 / Meteor / Kishnaghur, India / RMarch 19, 1849. [II; 1410. Refer to: 1849 March 19, (A; 259). Buist, George. "Notices of the most remarkable Meteors in India of the fall of which accounts have been published." Transactions of the Bombay Geographical Society, 9 (1849-1850): 197-230, at 216.]


1850 June 11 / [LT], 8-e / Comets and cometic meteors. [II; 1411. Legh, Peter. "Comets and Cometic Meteors." London Times, June 11, 1850, p. 8 c. 5. Legh writes that, in June, 1849, he predicted a "cometic meteor" would appear in late September or early October; and, he claims that it was identified as Encke's comet. He, now, predicts more "cometic meteors" appearing on September 10, October 10, and December 6, in 1850. His "cometic meteors" were supposed to be generated by gases "drawn off" from Mercury and Venus, when in conjunction with the new moon.]


1850 June 12 / Kesen, Rikuzen, Japan / met / (F). [II; 1412. Fletcher, 101. This is the Kesen meteorite.]


1850 June 12 / 10:45 p.m. / From Observatory of Paris / Whole sky illumined by met as if from 2 degrees south of Jupiter to about 8 degrees below. / C.R. 30/758. [II; 1413. Laugier. "Sur le météore du 12 juin 1850." Comptes Rendus, 30 (1850): 758.]


1850 June 16 / 6:25 p.m. / sun shining / brilliant met at New Haven, Conn. / A. J. Sci 2/11/131 / In northern sky. [II; 1414. "Meteor seen in full Daylight." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 11 (1851): 131. Greg, 90.]


1850 June 22 / London / great met / BA 60-90. [II; 1415. Greg, 90.]


1850 June 22 / ab 11 a.m. / At Oviedo, Spain, a strange sound and flaming appearance in sky. / CR 31-74 / Said that aerolite had fallen in direction of Proaza, near O. Sounds like cannon fire at Sison. [II; 1416. Petit, Frédéric. "Observation de deux bolides faite à Toulouse le 6 et le 8 juillet 1850." Comptes Rendus, 31 (1850): 73-74.]


1850 June 22 / Oviedo, Spain / Metite / BA '60. [II; 1417. Greg, 90.]


1850 July 4 / 10 p.m. / Lightning flashes without thunder at Havana / C.R. 41-77. [II; 1418. Poey, Andrés. "Sur les éclairs sans tonnerre observés à la Havane, du 15 juillet 1850 au 11 juillet 1851, dans le sein des cumulo-stratis isolés de l'horizon." Comptes Rendus, 41 (1855): 75-77, at 77.]


1850 July 4 / [LT], 6-b / Sept 30-6-b / Incendiary fires in France. [A; 279. "France." London Times, July 4, 1850, p. 6 c. 1-2. "France." London Times, September 30, 1850, p. 6 c. 1-3.]


1850 July 5 / Bolide / Grantham; Boston / det met / ? / BA 60-90. [II; 1419. Greg, 90. Lowe, 137. Lowe also lists another meteor, at Grantham, on July 14, 1850.]


1850 July 6 / 9:03 p.m. / Toulous / Met N to S. and cast a vivid light. / C.R. 31-73. [II; 1420. Petit, Frédéric. "Observation de deux bolides faite à Toulouse le 6 et le 8 juillet 1850." Comptes Rendus, 31 (1850): 73-74.]


1850 July 8 / Toulouse / 9:23 p.m. / great met / C.R. 31-74. [II; 1421. Petit, Frédéric. "Observation de deux bolides faite à Toulouse le 6 et le 8 juillet 1850." Comptes Rendus, 31 (1850): 73-74.]


[1850 July 15. Wrong date. See: 1860 July 15, (I; 1422).]


1850 July 15 / q in Austria / BA '11. [II; 1423. A class I earthquake. Milne, 709.]


1850 July 15 / Waterspout burst upon Orleans with great damage. / Northampton Herald, 27th. [II; 1424. (Northampton Herald, 1850 July 27). "The Continent." London Globe, July 20, 1850, p. 1 c. 4-5. "Several houses at Orleans were nearly destroyed by a waterspout on the 16th."]


1850 July 15 / Heavy th storm at Olney / 17th, one of the most violent th. storms remembered at O. / Northampton Herald, July 20. [II; 1425. (Northampton Herald, 1850 July 20).]


1850 July 15 / Hot water / Th storm at Bristol / In a panful of the water that fell, a thermometer was placed and it registered 74 degrees. / L.T. 17-7-b. [II; 1426. "Accidents by Lightning." London Times, July 17, 1850, p. 7 c. 2.]


1850 July 15 / Th storm / extreme violence / Bristol / several struck by lightning / M. Post, 18th. [II; 1427. "Thunderstorm at Bristol." London Morning Post,  July 18, 1850, p. 2 c. 3.]


1850 July 15 / Severe th. storm / Chatham / M. Post, 18th. [II; 1428. "Thunder Storm.Chatham." London Morning Post,  July 18, 1850, p. 6 c. 4.]


1850 July 16 / Wingerworth (June 5), Derbyshire, is ab. 40 miles from Manchester. W is between Manchester and Nottingham. [II; 1429.]


1850 July 16, etc. / Standard / Nothing. [II; 1430.]


1850 July 16 / (Cut) / Manchester / ab. 4 p.m. / peals of thunder in distance / At Bolton, 12 miles awaya heavy th storm until 6 or 7. But at 9, at Manchester frequent flashes of sheet lightning and luminous balls seen moving slowlyrepeating frequently. / B Assoc 1850/31. [II; 1431.1, 1431.2. Clare, Peter. "On some extraordinary Electrical Appearances observed at Manchester on the 16th of July 1850." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1850, Notices and Abstracts, 31-32.]


1850 July 16 / and 19 / hail / B. rain / Rev John T. Tryon, Rector at Bulwick Rectory, writes in Northampton Herald, Aug 3on 16th, fell hail size of walnuts. On 19th, afternoon, rain "perfectly black" came in one cloud and fell locally. / The year before been a black rain, not soot but hard black particles. [II; 1432.1, 1432.2. (Northampton Herald, 1850 Aug 3).]


1850 July 16 / afternoon / Most terrible thunderstorm remembered at Saffron Walden / Hail 3 or 4 inches circumference / M. Post, 20th. [II; 1433. "Terrific Thunder Storm at Saffron Walden." London Morning Post, July 20, 1850, p. 8 c. 2.]


1850 July 16 / Terrible storm of thunder, lightning, rain and hail the size of marbles at Melton / M. Post, 20. [II; 1434. "Thunder Storm." London Morning Post,  July 20, 1850, p. 4 c. 6.]


1850 July 16 / Tremendous th. storm at Maidstone / M. Post, 25th. [II; 1435. "The Weather." London Morning Post, July 25, 1850, p. 2 c. 3.]


1850 July 16 and 19 / Sounds / black / Northampton, Eng / D-33. [II; 1436. The note copies information from page 33 of The Book of the Damned. "A Black Shower." Timbs'  Year-Book of Facts in Science and Art, 1851, 270-271.]


1850 July / B. rain and detonation / Feb 7 and 17, 1882. [II; 1437. (See: 1882 Feb 7 and 17.)]


1850 July / Detonations and d. fog / May 16, etc., 1883. [II; 1438. (See: 1883 May 16.)]


1850 July 17 / Village of Woodham Walter, Essex, devastated by deluge that fell, afternoon. Furniture swept from cottages to places a mile away. / M. Post, 25th / All outbuildings of cottages swept away. [II; 1439. "Extraordinary Flood." London Morning Post, July 25, 1850, p. 3 c. 6.]


1850 July 19 / other black rain at Bulwick was March 7, 1849. [II; 1440. See: 1849 March 7, (II; 1279).]


1850 July 21 / Terrific th. storm, Bicester and Banbury, discussed in Northampton Herald, July 27considerable damage by lightning. [II; 1441. (Northampton Herald, July 27, 1850.)]


1850 July 22 / Northampton Herald, July 27at Olney, cockchafers on several trees in numbers so great as to be mistaken for a swarm of bees. [II; 1442.  (Northampton Herald, July 27, 1850; not @ BNA).]


1850 July 22 / Cockchafers / Northampton Herald, July 27that "after a violent storm near Clifton, Durham Down was visited by a prodigious swarm of cockchafers. [II; 1443. (Northampton Herald, July 27, 1850; not @ BNA).]


1850 July 25 / (D-84) / Fish and water / Rajkote, India / All the Year Round 8/255. [II; 1444. The note copies information from page 84 of The Book of the Damned. "Fallen from the Clouds." All the Year Round, 8 (November 22, 1862): 250-256, at 255. Tennent, James.. Ceylon. London: Longman, Green, Longman, and Roberts, 1860, v. 1, 227.]


1850 July 29 / Perforating lightning killing boy / Long Island. * [A; 280.]


1850 / last July / (with July 19) / While a heavy blight upon peas and beans near Northampton, "The atmosphere was charged with a gloomy brood about 3 days." / Northampton Herald, Aug 24. [II; 1445.

(Northampton Herald, August 23, 1850; not @ BNA).]


1850 Aug 4 / 7 p.m. / Lightning flashes without thunder at Havana / C.R. 41-77. [II; 1446. Poey, Andrés. "Sur les éclairs sans tonnerre observés à la Havane, du 15 juillet 1850 au 11 juillet 1851, dans le sein des cumulo-stratis isolés de l'horizon." Comptes Rendus, 41 (1855): 75-77, at 77.]


1850 Aug 9 /met shower / At Collingwood, of 75 meteors in an hour or more, all but 4 or 5 from a point somewhere near Beta Camelopardali. / BA 51-39. [II; 1447. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1851, 1-52, at 39.]


1850 Aug. 9 / Stat met / Observatory 2/165. [II; 1448. Denning, William Frederick. "Meteor Notes for September." Observatory, 2 (1878): 163-165, at 165. These stationary meteors begin and end their path through the atmosphere in the line of sight of the observer, (thus appearing not to move across the sky, ie. "stationary"), which can assist in finding the radiant point of a meteor shower.]


1850 Aug 11 / A flight of about 50 meteors over Kettering. / Northampton Herald, 24th. [II; 1449. (Northampton Herald, August 23, 1850; not @ BNA).]


1850 Aug 15/ [LT], 5-a / Met / S. Claydon. [II; 1450. "To the Editor of the Times. London Times, August 15, 1850, p. 5 c. 1. "A bright flash shone in the west, and from the centre of this was projected a beautiful luminous line running east and west. At first it presented a red hue, but gradually became paler, the light darting backwards and forwards along (what seemed) the line of attraction, very much like the passage of electricity over a metallic chain, as we have seen in the experiments exhibited by lecturers on that science. It continued visible for above 30 seconds, becoming gradually more indistinct till it faded away."]


1850 Aug 20 / [LT], 6-d / Spon. Comb. [A; 281. "Spontaneous Combustion." London Times, August 20, 1850, p. 6 c. 4. An apparatus for extinguishing fires was demonstrated in Newcastle, but the article has no mention of "spontaneous combustion" other than its title.]


1850 Aug 30 / [LT], 7-d / Tidal phe. [II; 1451. "Tidal Phenomenon." London Times, August 30, 1850, p. 7 c. 4. Affidavits were obtained by a whaling captain, from two residents of the Society Islands, stating the "the tides about the Polynesian Islands do not follow the Newtonian law of variation."  "The different phases of the moon have no effect whatever in changing the time of high water. At the full and change the tides are from six to eight inches higher; the full rise being about two feet."]


1850 Aug, last of / Deluges / Jamaica / N.Y. Herald, Sept 12-3-6. [II; 1452. "Our Jamaica Correspondence." New York Herald, September 12, 1850, p. 3 c. 6.]


1850 Aug, last / and Sept 1st / Destructive storms / U.S. / N.Y. Herald, Sept 8-1-4. [II; 1453. "More of the Late Storms and Floods." New York Herald, September 8, 1850, p. 1 c. 4-5.]


1850 Sept, 1st week / Floods / U.S. / N.Y. Herald, 12-3-5. [II; 1454. "The Late Floods in the United States...." New York Herald, September 12, 1850, p. 3 c. 5-6.]


1850 Sept / Th. st / Spain / B. Assoc / 49. [II; 1455. Greg, 90-91. Balcells y Pascual, Joaquin. Lithologia Meteorica. Barcelona: Francisco Granell, 1854, 53-56. The thunderstone fell in the first days of September, at Horta, (now a district in Barcelona), and was chemically examined by Barcells.]


[1850 Sept 4 /] 1851 Sept. 4 / S / bodies Read / D-208. See Herschel, Objs and Magnetic disturbances, Oct, 1870. [II; 1545. The note copies information from page 208 of The Book of the Damned. "Letter from the Rev. W. Read, Vicarage, South Mimms." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 11 (December 13, 1850): 48. The date was September 4, 1850, (not in 1851). "Letter from the Rev. William Read respecting the luminous bodies seen on Sept. 4, 1850." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 12 (December 12, 1851): 38-39. Correct quote: "...but I have never witnessed any such appearance before." W.R. Dawes. "On luminous meteor-like bodies, telescopically visible in sunshine." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 12 (April 7, 1852): 183-185. Baden Powell. "Report on observations of luminous meteors, 1851-52." Annual Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1852, 178-239, at 235-7. Fort takes this data from Charles B. Chalmer's letter to Read, except for Read's denial of the objects being seeds. See: 1870 Oct 14 and 25, (IV; 249), and, 1869 Oct 17-18, (IV; 254).]


1850 Sept 7 / Lit. Gazette of New star in Little Bear, by M. Calomarde. [II; 1456. "New Star." Literary Gazette, 1850 (September 7, 1850): 656. "New Star." Annual of Scientific Discovery, 1851, 374. "M. Guillen Y Calomarde has discovered a new telescopic star between the polar star and Cynosure, near the rise of the tail of the Little Bear; a star, at least, which did not exist in October, 1849." "Monthly Record of Current Events." Harper's New Monthly Magazine, 1 (November, 1850): 849-856, at 854.]


1850 Sept 14 / moon / Rev. T. Rankin saw part of moon (in 8th day) blotted out as if by a shadow. For more than an hour he examined it, and it remained the same. / [B] Assoc 51-41 / B. As. 57-41. [II; 1457. Thomas Rankin's letter is dated "Jan. 23, 1851." Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1851, 1-52, at 41-42. "I do not know whether you observed the singular appearance of the moon in her 8th day on the evening of September 14th. It resembled a capital D with a flat bottom. The southern and eastern sides formed a right angle. I thought at first that some optical illusion had caused the appearance, but having viewed her through some lenses, I found that the appearance was the same as that by the naked eye. I repeated the examination at different times for more than an hour, with always the same appearance and shape. I could account for the perpendicular line, but not for the horizontal, unless it had been the shadow of a huge mountain."]


[1850 Sept 14 /] 1850 Oct. 9 / Moon D-shaped / Brit Assoc. 1851/41. [II; 1469. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1851, 1-52, at 41-42.]


1850 Sept. 26 / Fluctuations in Zeta Lyrae, by Heis, likesee March, 1856. / J. B. A. A., 13-326. [II; 1458. "Astronomical Publications." Journal of the British Astronomical Association, 13 (1902-1903): 324-330, at 326. Hagen, Johann Georg. "Discussion of a Questionable Type of  Temporary Stars." Astrophysical Journal, 17 (1903): 281-285, at 282-283. "A similar fluctuation of light was observed in ζ Lyrae by Heis on Sept. 26, 1850." The instantaneous variations of light observed by Eduard Heis was of Zeta Lyrae, a spectroscopic binary. "'ζ Lyrae became for a moment very bright, and then again faint' (' ζ Lyrae wurde einen Moment sehr hell und hierauf wieder dunkel')."]


1850 Sept 27 / Lumps of ice / destructive fall at Pittsburg, Pa / many 9 to 14 inches in circumference, weighing from 8 ounces to a pound / ac to Pittsburg Gazette, copied in NY Herald, Oct 4-6-6 / Some were irregular shaped, but most round or oval, made up of concentric rings. [II; 1459.1, 1459.2. "The Terrible Hailstorm at Pittsburg." New York Herald, October 4, 1850, p. 6 c. 6.]


1850 Sept 30 / Met train / 8:54. p.m. / from Perseus / great met / New England / A. J. Sci 2/11/131 / The train for more than an hour. [II; 1460. "Meteor of September 30, 1850." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 11 (1851): 131-133.]


[1850 Sept 30 - Oct 1 /] 1851 Oct / about 20th? / Shock in Ohio and same night a great meteor that left a 20-minutes train in eastern states. / Strykers Amer Register, 1851. [II; 1556. "Earthquake and Meteor." Stryker's American Register and Magazine, 5 (1851): 171. "Meteor of September 30, 1850." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 11 (1851): 131-133. "On Monday evening, Sept. 30, 1850, about 8 o'clock, a meteoric fireball of uncommon splendor was seen throughout New England and the adjoining regions." "Earthquake at Cleveland." Republic, (Washington), October 8, 1850, p. 2 c. 6. The earthquake occurred at 5:20 A.M., on October 1, 1850. See: 1850 Oct 1, (II; 1466).]


1850 Sept 30 / Great met train / Mass. / BA 55/94. [II; 1461. Powell, Baden. "Report on observations of luminous meteors, 1854-55." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1855, Reports on the State of Science, 79-100, at 94-96. Lowe, 132, 137, (with 4 figures).]


1850 (Sept 30) / Met rocket / One seen on Sep. 30, 1850, mistaken for an alarm rocket, at Aden, by a sentry, who discharged his gun and summoned garrison of 3000 men to arms. / B As. 51/43. [II; 1462. Fort confuses two meteors into one in this note. The meteor observed at Aden occurred on April 1, 1850; and, the other, "Jenny Lind's meteor," was observed on September 30, 1850. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1851, 1-52, at 43-44. For the account of "Jenny Lind's meteor": Powell, Baden. "Report on observations of luminous meteors, 1854-55." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1855, Reports on the State of Science, 79-100, at 95.]


[1850 Sept 30. Wrong date. See: 1850 April 1, (II; 1462).]


1850 Oct / Small body observed 4 nights. / Smithsonian Miscell. Cols. 20/20 / C-30+ / (Ch). [II; 1465. "151st Meeting. December 7, 1878." Bulletin of the Philosophical Society of Washington, 3 (1878-1880): 20-21; included within: Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, v. 20 art. 3 (1881): i-169, at 20-21. James Ferguson, at the Washington Observatory, noted an object which appeared to be moving during his observations of the asteroid 10 Hygiea. Ferguson, Matthew Fontaine Maury and John Russell Hind had thought this object might be a trans-Neptunian planet. "Recently Professor C.H.F. Peters, Director of the Litchfield Observatory of Hamilton College, has given this matter a critical examination, and has found that the true explanation is that Mr Ferguson made a mistake in observing the difference of declination, and that by making the proper corrections the whole series of observations comes into harmony, and the missing object proves to be a well-known fixed star." "Letter of Lieutenant Maury to Hon. William A. Graham, Secretary of the Navy." Astronomical Journal, 2 no. 8 (October 22, 1851): 53. "The star of comparison with Hygea on the night of October 21, 1850, has disappeared. It is not now to be found where it then was. Hence I infer that it is probably an unknown planet." Ferguson had observed the object, ("9.10 magnitude"), on the nights of "the 16th, 21st, and 22d of October, 1850."  "Letter from Mr. Hind to the Editor." Astronomical Journal, 2 no. 10 (January 1, 1852): 78. "...I am at a loss to imagine how a slow-moving planet of 9.10 magnitude can have escaped me, for since August, 1847, I have never seen any suspicious body in the vicinity. If we assume (as I think we may safely do, on the further hypothesis of circular motion), that Mr. Ferguson's star would be stationary within a day or two before or after October 16, we shall find that a planet in this position must have a distance or more than 137, and a period of above 1600 years." Peters, Christian Heinrich Friedrich. "Investigation of the evidence of a supposed trans-Neptunian planet in the Washington observations of 1850," and, "Letter from Admiral John Rodgers, Superintendent of Naval Observatory at Washington." Astronomische Nachrichten, 94 no. 2240 (1879): 113-116. From John Rodgers: "...Mr. Ferguson actually observed the difference of declination correctly on every occasion, except on that of the two transits of Oct. 16 and the first transit of Oct. 19. At these transits, the wire was recorded 1, but at all the other transits, on Oct. 19 as well as on Oct. 21, the wire was recorded 2. For some unknown reason, Mr Ferguson in his reductions changed all his correct observations to correspond with the erroneous ones." The wires of the micrometer used by Ferguson measured the distances between telescopic objects. Baum, Richard. "Mr. Ferguson's Star Part II: The Record of the Wires." Journal of the British Astronomical Association, 101 (1991): 38. Ferguson's miscalculations thus resulted in a fruitless search for a trans-Neptunian planet, (abandoned on December 11, 1851), which actually was the star known as Lalande 36613.]


1850 Oct. 1 / (Cut) / from 9:10 to 9:30 p.m. / reported from the Observatory of Durham / 3 meteors from an aurora, "not passing through it, but emerging from it". / B As. 1851-23. [II; 1463. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1851, 1-52, at 22-23.]


[1850 Oct 1 /] 1850 Oct 8 / [LT], 8-b / 13-3-f / Auroral Arch. [II; 1467. Gille, Thomas E. "Auroral Arch." London Times, October 8, 1850, p. 8 c. 2. An auroral arch, with a breadth from 2.5 to 3° and extending from Ophiuchus to the Pleiades, was observed north of York, October 1st, from 9:10 until 9:30 p.m. (The issue on October 13 was the Sunday Times, and "13-3-f " was cited in Palmer's Index to the Times Newspaper; do a search, as appears to be a wrong date.) However, the same phenomenon was observed by another correspondent, at the same time, at Esh, six miles west of Durham. Chevallier, Temple. "Auroral Arch." London Times, October 4, 1850, p. 3 c. 6.]


1850 Oct 1 / QCleveland, Ohio. Low rumbling sound like distant thunderthen vibrations felt.  Clear day. / An. Sci. D'51-278. [II; 1466. "Earthquakes in 1850." Annual of Scientific Discovery, 1851, 278-279, at 278.]


[1850 Oct 8. Wrong date. See: 1850 Oct 1, (II; 1467).]


1850 Oct 9 / Large slow met burst. / Rept BA 1860. [II; 1468. Greg, 90. Lowe, 137. At Hereford.]


[1850 Oct. 9. Wrong date. See: 1850 Sept 14, (II; 1469).]


1850 Oct 13 / Met / Toronto, Canada / BA 51/40. [II; 1470. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1851, 1-52, at 24-25, 40. Greg, 90. (Toronto Globe, October 19, 1850.)]


[1850 Oct 13 and 14 /] 1850 Jan. 2 / IceAustralia / Sydney / Mag of Sci 2/166. [II; 1353. Jevons, William Stanley. "Meteorological Observations in Australia" Sydney Magazine of Science and Art, 2 (1859): 161-167 & 173-181, at 166. "October 13 and 14.—Moreton Bay, hailstorms with lightning on both days; most heavy on 14th when pieces of ice fell, some weighmg 1½ lb., and many 3 or 4 oz. Several pieces measured 7 inches in circumference." Only a thunderstorm was recorded at Sydney, on January 2, 1850.]


1850 Oct 14 / Ship sunk by waterspout near Malta / Timbs '51-271. [II; 1471. "A Ship Sunk by a Waterspout." Timbs' Year-Book of Facts in Science and Art, 1851, 271.]


1850 Oct 31 / (1st) / Vessel shook like Mik's [or Mile's?] petroleum can / (near England) / Timesor Trans Bombay Geog Soc 13/155. [II; 1472. "Singular Occurrence." London Times, October 31, 1850, p. 6 c. 4. "When the event took place, the vessel was ahout 10 miles S. by W. off Caldy Island. The day was dull and lowering, with the wind fresh. Captain Evans at the moment was below in the cabin, and was startled by the report, which he says sounded to him just like a musket charge, and that he thought the boys were playing upon deck with gunpowder unknown to him; but finding he was mistaken, his attention was drawn to the planking, four of which had been torn out of their places and perforated about 3 inches deep in many spots, which appeared like musket-shot holes, and were all more or less singed. No signs of a thunder storm were to be seen or heard." "Globular Lightning, Fireballs of the glow discharge of Electricity contradistinguished from the Meteorolytes or Fireballs usually composed of solid matter." Transactions of the Bombay Geographical Society, 13 (1856-1857): 148-155, at 155, cv. "Singular Occurrence."]


1850 / after Oct / New Star / An Sci Discov. 1851/374. [II; 1464. "New Star." Annual of Scientific Discovery, 1851, 374.]


1850 Nov. 6 / Bombay / Met. streak 20 min. / Rec Sci 1/137. [II; 1473. Lowe, 137. Lowe cites Buist. Greg, 90.]


1850 Nov. 8 / q. / Malta / I / BA '11. [II; 1474. A class I earthquake. Milne, 710.]


1850 Nov 12 / Cut / 5:50 / E J. Lowe / Highfield House / "A brilliant, vivid flash; could it be a meteor?" / B Assoc 1851-26. [II; 1475. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1851, 1-52, at 26-27.]


1850 Nov 14 / morning / In a mountain pass between Bombay and Poonah, 38 mets counted in one hour. / BA 51-46. [II; 1476. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1851, 1-52, at 45-46.]


1850 Nov. 18 / worms in snow / Sangerfield, N.Y. / (D-92). ** [II; 1477.The note copies information from page 92 of The Book of the Damned. "Worms on snow." Scientific American, o.s., 6 (December 7, 1850): 96.]


1850 Nov. 20 / Fr / (Lourdes) St. Pe / q / BA 11. [II; 1478. A class I earthquake. Milne, 710.]


1850 Nov. 23 / Woodstock / several meteors / BA 51/40. [II; 1479. (BA 51-40).]


1850 Nov. 29 / London / Oxford / met / BA 60-90. [II; 1480. Greg, 90. Lowe, 137. "Stationary for a time."]


1850 Nov. 30 / 3 p.m. / near Bissempore / Metite / BA 51-47. [II; 1481. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1851, 1-52, at 28-29 & 47. Greg, 90.]


1850 Nov. 30 / (F) / Shalka, Bengal / metite / 3 hours before sunset / A. J Sci 2/32/141. [II; 1482. Fletcher, 101. This is the Shalka meteorite. "Calcutta Meteorites." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 32 (1861): 141-143. The meteorite fell "three hours before sunrise."]


1850 Dec 3 / [LT[, 3-f / Met / Devonshire / 4-3-d / at Yalding. [II; 1483. "To the Editor of the Times." London Times, December 3, 1850, p. 3 c. 6. "To the Editor of the Times." London Times, December 4, 1850, p. 3 c. 4.]


1850 Dec 14 / Near the Bannmouth / aerial troops, etc. / B. Assoc 1852/30 / (See July 15, in the 90's.) / C-212+. [II; 1484. M'Farland, M. "On the Fata Morgana of Ireland." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1852, Notices and Abstracts, 29-30, at 30. See: (July 15 in the '90s; not found on July 15.)]


1850 (Dec. 16) / Venus Inf Conj Sun / (Al). [II; 1485. Inferior conjunction of Venus. Nautical Almanac and Astronomical Ephemeris, 1850, 573.]

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