Last updated: July 15, 2021. - Fortean Notes

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Last updated: July 15, 2021.

Charles Hoy Fort's Notes


1821 to 1825


1821:


1821 / (Fr) / dept of the Meuse / Frogs and toads after violent storm / Magasin Pittoresque 4/371. [I; 841. "Sur les Pluies de Crapauds." Magasin Pittoresque, 4 (1836): 370-371.]


1821 / Fish / Lorn / Argyleshire / J. F. Inst 4/47. * [I; 842. "Notices of some Showers of Fishes, in various places in Scotland; and of Shells in Ireland." Journal of the Franklin Institute, 4 (1827): 47-48. Smith, Colin. "Shower of Fishes in Argylshire." Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 1 (1826): 186-187.]


1821 / New Hampshire / Tornado / B Eagle, 1896, Oct. 25-22-3. [I; 843. "Old Times Storms." Brooklyn Eagle, October 25, 1896, p. 22 c. 3-4.]


1821 Jan 6 / See Dec. / Shocks / Zante / in Gulf of Corinth, a tidal wave, carrying away houses / BA 54. [I; 844. Mallet, 131. Milne, 701.]


1821 Jan 18 / Valparaiso, Chile / q. / I. [I; 845. A class I earthquake. Milne, 701.]


1821 Feb 4-7 / Luminous spot on dark spot of moon by Capt. Kater / in Aristarchus / like a small star / ap and disap / An Reg 1821/687. [I; 846. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 63 (1821):  pt. 2, 687-688, cv. "Volcanic Appearance in the Moon."]


1821 Feb 5 / Dr. Olbers, of Bremensaw the luminosity that was seen by Capt. Kater in or near Aristarchus. Equal to star of 6th magnitude / Mem. R. A. S. 1/156 / on dark part. [I; 847. Olbers, Heinrich Wilhelm Matthias. "On the Comet discovered in the Constellation Pegasus in 1821: and on the luminous appearance observed on the dark side of the Moon on February 5, 1821." Memoirs of the Royal Astronomical Society, 1 (1822): 156-158.]


1821 Feb 12 / q. / China / I / BA '11. [I; 848. A class I earthquake. Milne, 701.]


1821 Feb 12 / Breslau / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 849. Greg, 67.]


1821 Feb 27etc. / Isle of Bourbon / A. Reg. 1821-117 / volc / March q especial / in April / (Reunion Island). [I; 850. "Chronicle."  Annual Register, 63 (1821):  pt. 2, 117-118, cv. "Volcano." "Volcano in the Isle of Bourbon." Philosophical Magazine, 58 (September, 1821): 222-223. The Piton de la Fournaise volcano on Réunion island.]


1821 end of Feb. / Volc / Kamtschatka / BA 54. [I; 851, Mallet, 132. The Klyuchevskaya Sopka volcano.]


1821 March 1 / Comet seen first (by Mr. X) in Pegasus / LT, March 7-3-c. [I; 852. "The New Comet." London Times, March 7, 1821, p. 3 c. 3. The particulars of this comet provided by John Bird, the astronomical lecturer, of Eton, states: "I think it will be visible longer than the former ["the comet of 1819";  ]; in a few nights its course may be seen by the star Algenib; it can be seen from every part of the northern hemisphere, and the greatest part of the southern, as it is near the Equator." The Nicollet-Pons comet would disappear into the Sun's glare and from view in the northern hemisphere on March 10, and was seen in the southern hemisphere at Chile, Australia, and St. Helena, until May 2, 1821. This comet was independently discovered by Joseph Nicolas Nicollet and by Jean-Louis Pons on January 21, 1821. Comet C/1821 B1.]


1821 March 5 / Metite and q? / Pomerania / Ac to several catalogues, stone fell during a q. / In BA, 60, said been a doubtful fall. Stones not found. [I; 853. Greg, 67. Chladni, Ernst Florens Friedrich. "Neue Beiträge sur Kenntniss der Feuermeteore und der herabgefallenen Massen." Annalen der Physik, 71 (1822): 359-386, at 360. Chladni attributes the shock and four-foot deep cracks in the earth to a meteorite that fell on the night of March 5 to 6, but gives no mention of a meteor having been seen to fall.]


1821 March 20 / (It) / Umbria / tromba luminosa and q / See 1805. [I; 854. Galli, Ignazio. "Raccolta e classificazione di fenomeni luminosi osservati nei terremoti." Bollettino della Società Sismologica Italiana, 14 (1910): 221-448, at 343. See: 1805 July 26, (I; 146); and, 1821 March 21, (I; 856).]


1821 March 20 / St. Thomas' Island / Large met. / BA 60. [I; 855. Greg, 67.]


1821 March 21 / Rieti, Italy / Concussion, column of fire passed over the village and fell into Lake Cantelin. / C.R., 17-621. [I; 856. Perrey, Alexis. "Nouvelles recherches sur les tremblements de terre ressentis en Europe et dans les parties adjacentes de l'Afrique et de l'Asie, de 1801 à juin 1843." Comptes Rendus, 17 (September 25, 1843): 608-625, at 621). "Le 22 mars 1821, à Rieti (États de l'Église), secousse extrêmement forte; au moment où elle commença, on vit sortir du Fiume di Canera une colonne de feu qui passa sur la ville et alla se jeter dans le lac de Cantelin." Milne, 701. Milne records a light quake at Rieti.]


[1821 Ap 6-10. Wrong date. See: 1822 Ap 6-10, (I; 856.1).]


1821 Ap. 26 / LT, 3-a / Polt stones / At Truro persons amused, astonished, or alarmed, ac to nerve and judgment, by bombardment of a house in Carlow street. Missiles from no findable source breaking the windows of a depot in which were the arms of a regiment and in an adjoining house. The Mayor was appealed to. He arrived. Soldiers arrived. All investigated, and nothing more learned. Said that the "lower classes who always have a taste for the marvellous", thought it was supernatural. Guards were placed around the house, but still the stones arrived. / [London Times], May 1-3-c / (Carlow Street) / Stones still arriving. Nothing found out. [A; 72.1 to 72.4. "Ghost." London Times, April 26, 1821, p. 3 c. 1. "The ghost whose vagaries...." London Times, May 1, 1821, p. 3 c. 3. The local newspaper source, (cited by the London Times), did report upon the confession of one of the soldiers' children, in the last of the following articles: "Ghost." West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser, (Truro), April 20, 1821, p. 2 c. 6, and, p. 3 c. 1. "The ghost whose vagaries...." West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser, April 27, 1821, p. 3 c. 1. "A reward has been offered...." West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser, May 4, 1821, p. 3 c. 1. Potts, L.H. "Discovery of the Truro ghost." West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser, May 11, 1821, p. 2 c. 5-6.]


1821 Ap. 28 / Leipzig / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 857. Greg, 67.]


1821 May and [?] 4 / Moon (dark part) / The light in Aristarchus by Rev, M. Ward looked like a small comet on moon. / Note appeared that Francis Baily had seen it. / Mem. R. A. S. 1/159. [I; 858. Ward, Michael. "On the luminous appearance seen on the dark part of the Moon in May 1821." Memoirs of the Royal Astronomical Society, 1 (1822): 159-161.]


1821 May [3] / Red organic / Giessen, Germany / D-287 / May / Flammarion / Atmosphere, p. 410. [I; 859. The note copies information from page 287 of The Book of the Damned. Daubeny, Charles. "Report on the present state of our knowledge...." Annual Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1836, 1-95, at 2. "According to the statement of Zimmermann, former professor of Chemistry at Giessen, all the above matters are to be found in snow-water, but pyrrhine was first detected in a red shower of rain which fell at that town in 1821. The water that contained it was of a peach red colour, and flakes of a hyacinthine tinge floated on its surface. The latter was the substance designated by the above name." Zimmermann, Wilhelm. "Beiträge zur näheren Kenntniss der wässrigen Meteore." Archiv für die gesammte Naturlehre. 1 (1824): 257-292, at 267-268, 291-292. Zimmermann identifies the date of the red rain as May 3, 1821, but found no trace of nickel during his chemical analysis, (which might have suggested a meteoric origin). Flammarion, Camille. James Glaisher, ed. The Atmosphere. New York: Harper, 1874, 410. Fournet, Joseph Jean Baptiste Xavier. "Sur les Pluies de Terre Observées Depuis Quel-ques Années dans le Bassin du Rhone." Mémoires de l'Académie des sciences, belles-lettres et arts de Lyon. Classe des Sciences, s. 2 v. 13 (1863): 185-245, at 214.]


1821 May 13 / Mexico / Q. / I. [I; 860. A class I earthquake. Milne, 701.]


1821 May 16 / Fireball / Munich / BA 60. [I 861. Greg, 67.]


1821 May 17 / Germany / Fireball / In BA 60, question asked [by Greg], "Same as last [May 16th]?" [I; 862. Greg, 67.]


1821 June early / near Blandford, Eng / Will wisp / Paper read before Linnean Soc. by R. Chambers / Mag of Sci. 3/323 / Friend of his, had seen luminous thing of irregular shape, along side coach, rising, falling, for considerable distance. [A; 73. Chambers, Richard. "Observations on the Phenomenon termed Ignis Fatuus." Magazine of Natural History, n.s., 1 (1837): 353-357. Chambers, Richard. "Observations on Ignis Fatuus." Magazine of Science, 3 (January 1, 1842): 323-324. The friend was the English artist Thomas Stothard.]


1821 June 7 / 5 p.m. / over Willistown and Goshen / Cloud of dragonflies that darkened skymile wide and one hour in passing / N.Y. Ev. Post, Aug 17-2-3. [I; 863. "A fact, to the curious." New York Evening Post, August 17, 1821, p. 2 c. 3. "On the 7th of June last, about five o’clock in the afternoon, there passed over Willistown [New Hampshire] and Goshen [Vermont], a swarm of the animal denominated the 'Devil’s darning Needle.' The swarm extended a mile in width, and was more than an hour in passing from east to west."]


1821 June 12 / Co. Mayo, Ireland / ac to Prof. Pictet / Metallic nuclei in hail / Bib Univ. 18/78. [I; 864. "Account of Hail Stones with a Metallic Nucleus, etc." Bibliothèque Universelle des Sciences, Belles-Lettres, et Arts, Sciences et Arts, 18 (1821): 78-80. Marc-Auguste Pictet reports the chemical analysis of the material by William Hyde Wollaston. Greg, 68. Bucher, Otto. Die Feuermeteore, insbesondere die Meteoriten historisch und naturwissenschaftlich betrachtet. Giessen: J. Ricker, 1859, 153.]


[1821 June 12 /] 1821 June 21 / Majo, Spain / hailstones with nuclei composed of ferrocyanide of potassium / Galignani's Messenger, March 14, 1872. [I; 868. "Aurora Borealis." Galignani's Messenger, March 14, 1872, p. 3 c. 5. Baumhauer, Eduard Hendrik von. "Sur l'origine des aurores polaires." Comptes Rendus, 74 (1872): 678-681, at 679. Gilbert, Ludwig Wilhelm. "Hagel mit metallischem Kern, angeblich gefallen in Irland im Juni 1821." Annalen der Physik,  72 (1822): 456. Gilbert identifies the fall of hail as "Majo" in Ireland, which was County Mayo, (not Majo, in Spain, as indicated by Baumhauer, in Comptes Rendus). See: 1821 June 12, (I; 864).]


1821 June 15 / met / 3 p.m. / Field near Cross de Libones, Commune of Juvinas, France / A meteoric stone. Parts carried away. A remaining block weighed 108 pounds. / N.Y. Ev Post, Sept 12-2-4. [I; 865. (New York Evening Post, September 12, 1821, p. 2 c. 4; not found here.) This is the Juvinas meteorite.]


1821 June 15 / Aerolite weighing 220 pounds / Juvinas, France / A. J. Sci 5/175 / Ac to 2 analyses, was entire absence of nickel. / 6/397 / See Dec 13, 1813. [I; 866. "Meteorolite." American Journal of Science, 5 (1822): 175. "Composition of meteoric stones." American Journal of Science, 6 (1823): 397. Thomson, David Purdie. Introduction to Meteorology. Edinburgh and London: W. Blackwood and Sons, 1849, 324. "The alarm was such, that it was not till the 23rd of the month that they resolved to dig out this prodigy, of which they knew neither the form, the nature, or the substance. They deliberated for a long time, whether they should go armed to undertake this operation which appeared so dangerous; but Claude Serre, the sexton, justly observed, that if it was the devil, neither powder nor arms would prevail against him, that holy water would be more effectual, and that he would undertake to make the evil spirit fly; after which they set themselves to work, and having sunk nearly six feet, they found the aërolite!"]


1821 June 15 / (Fr) / (F) / (about noon) / Juvénas, Ardèche, France / Metite / BA, '60 / Bib. Univ 18-80 / Gent's Mag., March, 1822, p. 265. [I; 867. Fletcher, 99. This is the Juvinas meteorite. Greg, 68. "Account of Hail Stones with a Metallic Nucleus, etc." Bibliothèque Universelle des Sciences, Belles-Lettres, et Arts, Sciences et Arts, 18 (1821): 78-80. "Foreign News." Gentleman's Magazine, 92 pt. 1 (March 1822): 264-266, at 265. "It fell about four o'clock, p.m."]


[1821 June 21. Wrong date. See: 1821 June 12, (I; 868).]


1821 June 21 / (see 12.) / BA 54 or 60 / pyrites / Ireland / (94) / See June 12. [I; 869. Greg, 68. See: 1821 June 12, (I; 864).]


1821 June 25 / Shocks, Co. Cork, Ireland, and fields turned into swamps. / BA 54. [I; 870. Mallet, 133. "Fields were converted into marshes or quaqmires."]


1821 July 10 / Great q / Peru / [BA] '11. [I; 871. A class III earthquake. Milne, 701.]


1821 July 15 / Destructive tornado and hail / Counties of Oglethorpe, Wilkes and Lincoln, Georgia / N.Y. Ev Post, Aug 14-2-5. [I; 872. “A very destructive Tornado and hail storm....” New York Evening Post, August 14, 1821, p. 2 c. 5.]


1821 ab first of Aug. / BO / A boa constrictor / unknown on Island of St Vincent / shot / was bet 14 and 15 feet long / Q. Jour. Roy Inst 12-428. [A; 88. "First appearance of the Boa Constrictor in the Island of St. Vincent." Quarterly Journal of Science and the Arts, Royal Institution of Great Britain, 12 (1822): 428. Fort estimates the date from the citation of the Royal Gazette and Bahama Advertiser, (August, 1821).]


1821 Aug 2 / Sept 12 / q / Calabria, Italy / II. [I; 873. A class II earthquake. Milne, 701.]


1821 Aug 6 / Uncommonly severe th. storm at Savannah. / N.Y. Ev Post 17-2-4. [I; 873.1. “Thunder Storm.” New York Evening Post, August 17, 1821, p. 2 c. 4.]


1821 Aug 18 / Obscuration / Eng / 19-20, France / La Sci Pour Tous 14/57 / Ph. Mag, Oct., 1821 / See May 21, 1822. [I; 874. Bresson, Gédéon. "Les Offuscations du Soleil." La Science Pour Tous, 14 (no. 8; January 23, 1869): 57-58. Forster, Benjamin Meggot. "Blue Sun." Philosophical Magazine, 58 (September, 1821): 234-235. "Atmospheric Phænomenon." Philosophical Magazine, 58 (October, 1821): 314-315. See: 1822 May 21, (I; 948).]


1821 Aug 18 / Phil Mag, Oct, 1821(p. 234, 314) / account from Essex / See Aug, 3, 1831. / The darkness came on and lasted 3 hours. Said many persons terrified and ran from their workgigantic masses of dark clouds piled upon one another with gleams of sulphurous light. [I; 875.1, 875.2. Forster, Benjamin Meggot. "Blue Sun." Philosophical Magazine, 58 (September, 1821): 234-235. "Atmospheric Phænomenon." 58 (October, 1821): 314-315. See: 1831 Aug 3, (I: 1625, 1628, and 1629).]


1821 Aug 18 / bet 9 and 10 a.m. / Blue sun in Essex / Ass. Soc Met de France 1903-81 / and Sussex / In afternoon, haze at Paris, and the sun was white. / This haze in Dauphine on 19th to 30th. [I; 876. Chauveau, Amyr Benjamin. "Notes sur les Chutes de Poussières." Annuaire de la Société Météorologique de France, 51 (May 1903): 69-82, at 81.]


1821 Aug 18 / Morning in London. People excited by blue appearance of sun. Changed to silvery. In Bristol sun had a purple appearance. / Felix Farley's Bristol Journal, 25th. [I; 877. "The inhabitants of this city have this week been amused...." Felix Farley's Bristol Journal, August 25, 1821, p. 3 c. 4.]


1821 Aug 20 / W. Indies / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 878. Greg, 68.]


1821 Aug 23 / Whirlwind at Thrandston, Suffolk. Objects seized from a stall. Broken crockery fell more than a mile from T. / Felix Farley's Bristol Journal, 25th. [I; 879. (Felix Farley's Bristol Journal, August 25, 1821.)]


[1821 Aug 24 /] 1821 Friday before Aug 31 / Letterkenny / Darkness with color effects on all objects / Phil Mag 58/314. [I; 883. "Atmospheric Phænomenon." Philosophical Magazine, 58 (October, 1821): 314-315.]


[1821 Aug 24 /] 1821 Aug 31, Friday before / Letterkenny / darkness and seeming description of volcanic smoke. The cauliflower cloud. / Phil Mag 58/314. [I; 885. "Atmospheric Phænomenon." Philosophical Magazine, 58 (October, 1821): 314-315. There is no mention of a "cauliflower cloud" nor of "volcanic smoke" in this article.]


1821 Aug 25 / Snails / See Other Catalog. [I; 880.]


1821 Aug 25 / (Liv) / Felix Farley's Bristol Journal of 25th / People of Bristol much amused with

exhibition and sale of snails said to have fallen from the sky, at Tocklington. They had suddenly appeared on a farm. "Common rumor says that the snails fell like a great shower, which continued upwards of an hour and that the earth's surface was covered, nearly six acres, three inches deep!!" [I; 881.1, 881.2. "The inhabitants of this city have this week been amused...." Felix Farley's Bristol Journal, August 25, 1821, p. 3 c. 4. For another occurrence of a shower of snails, near Bristol, see: 1851 May 10, (II; 1519).]


1821 Aug 25 / Heavy fall of snail shells near Tocklington, Gloucestershire / L.T., Aug. 27-3-d / Ph. Mag 58/310, 457. [I; 882. "Singular Phenomenon." London Times, August 27, 1821, p. 3 c. 4. "The following remarkable occurrence took place near Tocklington, Gloucestershire, on Saturday last:A heavy fall of small shells, of the snail species, was observed, which covered the surface of a field of about three acres, to the depth of nearly an inche. The shells are streaked, and about the size of a pea.Bristol Gazette." "Shower of Snails." Philosophical Magazine, 58 (October, 1821): 310-311. Herapath, William. "The Shower of Snails." Philosophical Magazine, 58 (December, 1821): 457-458. "A curious phenomenon has occurred at Tockington...." Bristol Mercury, August 25, 1821, p. 3 c. 3. "Shower of Snails." Bristol Mirror, August 25, 1821, p. 3 c. 4. "The numerous appearance of Snails...." Bristol Mirror, September 1, 1821, p. 2 c. 2. "The numerous appearance of Snails, at Tockington, Gloucestershire, is not a single instance of the kind; about three years ago there was a similar circumstance, and near the same spot."]


1821 Aug 30 / Dresden / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 884. Greg, 68.]


1821 Sept / Showers of stones at home of Thomas Jones, village of Meifod, Montgomeryshire. Hundreds of persons visited the place. / Cardiff Western Mail, Sept 8, 1921. [A; 74. "The newspapers of a hundred years ago...." Cardiff Western Mail, September 8, 1921. p. 4 c. 7. "Draconigenæ." Red Dragon, 6 (January-June, 1884): 572-576, at 575. "Under the heading 'A Montgomeryshire Ghost,' the newspapers of September, 1821, gave a marvellous story of a visitant at Rhosbenbwa Farm, Meifod, whose pranks resembled those of the young woman who has recently figured in the Ellesmere district. The occupier of the house was Mr. Thomas Jones, 'an honest and respectable farmer belonging to the Calvinistic Methodist body.' The 'spiritual experience of two preachers' was requested, but the result seems to have been only an onslaught on their bodies with pebbles. The people of the district became alarmed, and hundreds of persons visited the place. One theory to account for the manifestations was that it was 'the same ghost who many years ago alarmed the occupiers of Main, in the same parish, and that he had returned after fourteen years' transportation;' and that his return was in some way 'connected with the late unseasonable weather.'" (Nothing else found at BNA nor National Library of Wales.)]


1821 Sept 7 / At sea / E to W / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 886. Greg, 68.]


1821 Sept 9 / Tornado / N. Hampshire, Mass / Finley's Rept. [I; 887. Finley, 3.]


1821 Sept 20 / Dreadful Earthquake / Trinidad Gazette. [I; 888. Newspaper clipping. (Trinidad Gazette.)]


1821 Sept 24 / (Series) / Fireball / Beinsuef, on Nile, at 8 p.m. / Another, 3:43 a.m. of 25th. / BA 1874-290 / At 9:23 p.m. of 26th, another. This apparently size of full moon. [I; 889. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, George Forbes, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors during the year 1873-74." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1874, 269-359, at 290.]


[1821 Oct. Wrong date. See: 1820 ab. Oct 1, (I; 821, 898).]


1821 Oct 7 / Fr / Vosges / q and sounds / BA, 54 / See Sept 13, '22. [I; 890. Mallet, 134. See: 1822 Sept 13, (I; 995).]


1821 Oct 7 / Saxony / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 891. Greg, 68.]


1821 Oct 22 / Comrie / quake and phe called "thunder and lightning / Milne / Edin New Ph. J. 31/118. [I; 892. Milne, David. "Notices of Earthquake-Shocks felt in Great Britain...." Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 31 (1841): 92-122, at 118.]


1821 Oct 23 / 3 p.m. / Severest q on record then at Comrie / See Oct 23, 1839-? / Phil Mag 58-458. [I; 893. "Earthquakes." Philosophical Magazine, 58 (December, 1821): 458. See: 1839 Oct 23, (II:113, 115, 116, and 118).]


1821 Oct 28 / ab 9:30 p.m./ Saxony / det met / See 1805. [I; 894. Galli, Ignazio. "Raccolta e classificazione di fenomeni luminosi osservati nei terremoti." Bollettino della Società Sismologica Italiana, 14 (1910): 221-448, at 343. See: See: 1805 July 26, (I; 146).]


1821 Oct 29 / 7 a.m. / q / Island of Bute / LT, 1816, Oct 31-2-d. [I; 895. "On Monday morning...." London Times, October 31, 1821, p. 2 c. 4.]


1821 Oct 30 / Marienwerder / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 896. Greg, 68.]


1821 Oct 30/ q at Comrie / loud sound that accompanied it heard at Blackford, 12 miles away / LT, Oct 31-2-d. [I; 897. "A very violent shock of an earthquake...." London Times, October 31, 1821, p. 2 c. 4.]


1821 Nov 17 / Russia and Georgia / I / q. [I; 899. A class I earthquake. Milne, 701.]


1821 Nov 22 / (It) / 2 a.m. / Abruzzi / det met / See 1805, or An de Chimie 33/405. [I; 900. "Tremblemens de terre."Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2 v. 33 (1826): 402-412, at 405. Galli, Ignazio. "Raccolta e classificazione di fenomeni luminosi osservati nei terremoti." Bollettino della Società Sismologica Italiana, 14 (1910): 221-448, at 343-344. See: 1805 July 26, (I; 146).]


1821 Nov. 22 / q. / Italy / II / Adriatic coast / BA 11. [I; 901. A class II earthquake. Milne, 701.]


1821 Nov 22 / Q / Q and meteor / Naples / D-228. [I; 902. The note copies information from page 228 of The Book of the Damned. Mallet, 135. "A luminous meteor moving in the same direction as that taken by the shock was observed just before." "Noch einige Nachrichten von Erdbeben in den letzten Monaten." Annalen der Physik, 69 (1821): 435-436. "Tremblemens de Terre." Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2 v. 19 (1821): 402-412, at 405.]


1821 Nov. 28 / Naples / fireball / BA 60. [I; 903. Greg, 68.]


1821 Nov 28 / Night (29) / Cape Town / brilliant spots on moon / Phil Trans 112/237. [I; 904. Fallows, Fearon. "Communication of a curious appearance lately observed upon the Moon." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 112 (1822): 237-238.]


1821 Nov. 30 / Aerolite? / See Nov 29, '09. [I; 905. Fort refers to Capocci's list of aerolites falling at the end of November, see: 1809 Nov. 29, (I; 311). "Falling Stars." Athenæum, 1840 (no. 686; December 19): 1013. Greg, 68.]


1821 Dec 1 or 2 / Fireball / Leipzig / BA 60. [I; 906. Greg, 68.]


1821 Dec. 3 / Weimar / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 907. Greg, 68.]


1821 Dec 4 / Görlitz / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 908. Greg, 68.]


1821 Dec 11 / Fireball / England / BA 60. [I; 909. Greg, 68.]


1821 Dec 13 / Great q / Japan / BA 11. [I; 910. A class III earthquake. Milne, 702.]


1821 Dec 20 to at least Feb. 28, 1822 / Violent eruption in Iceland / BA, 54. [I; 911. Mallet, 136. The Eyjafjallajökull volcano.]


1821 Dec 24 / Bromberg, Wirtenberg / Det Met / BA 60. [I; 912. Greg, 68.]


1821 Dec 24 / Switzerland / Shock, preceded by several meteors / BA 54/136. [I; 913. Mallet, 136.]


1821 Dec 24 / 7 p.m. / Ballenheim and Altendorf, Germany / Det Met / LT, Jan 9, 1822 / (BA '60) / Bromberg, Wirtenberg / B.A. / (See Nov 25, '22 / May 8, '23 or '13.) [I; 914. "Atmospheric Phenomena." London Times, January 9, 1822, p. 3 c. 4. Greg, 68.]


1821 Dec 26 / Submarine volc near Bima, island of Sumbawa / BA 54. [I; 915. Mallet, 136. The submarine volcano, off Bima, was not clearly identified in Reinwardt's account. Reinwardt, Caspar  Georg Carl. "Over de Vuurbergen van den Indischen Archipel." Magazijn voor Wetenschappen, Kunsten en Letteren, 5 (1826): 71-95, at 80.]


1821 Dec 28 / Augsberg / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 916. Greg, 68.]


1822:


[1822. Wrong date. See: 1822 Feb 19, (I; 917).]


1822 / Fragments of calcite that fell on deck of ship near San Domingo / Sc Am. 81-343. [I; 918. Farrington, Oliver Cummings. "The Vienna Meteorite Collection." Scientific American, n.s., 81 (November 25, 1899): 343.]


1822 / Gruithuisen discovered his city north of Schröterparallel lines branching out from a central line like veins of a leaf. [I; 919. Gruithuisen, Franz von Paula. Entdeckung vieler deutlicher Spuren der Mondbewohner: besonders eines colossalen Kunstgebäudes derselben. 1824.]


1822 Jan 11 / Cherbourg, France / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 920. Greg, 68.]


1822 Jan 14 / Eichesfelt / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 921. Greg, 68.]


1822 Jan 22 / 10 p.m. / (q) / Yorkshire ? / Seaton Ross / Everingham / Allathorpe / Beilby / Melbourne / LT, Jan 31-3-e. [I; 922. "Earthquake." London Times, January 31, 1822 p. 3 c. 5.]


1822 Jan 29 / India / Madras / q / I / BA '11. [I; 923 A class I earthquake. Milne, 702.]


1822 Feb 6 / An incredible number of insects fell upon Middelbourg, Belgium. / Ciel et Terre 21-258. [I; 924. "Les passages de Libellules du commencement de juin 1900." Ciel et Terre, 21 (1900-1901): 247-270, at 258. "En février 1822 it s'est abattu sur Middelbourg une quantité incroyable d'insectes qui, peu après, se sont dirigés probablement vers la mer. Il n'est dit nulle part quels insectes c'étaient."]


1822 Feb. 7 / Japan / Tokio / III. [I; 925. A class III earthquake. Milne, 702.]


1822 Feb 13-25 / Vesuvius / BA '54. [I; 926. Mallet, 136. The Vesuvius volcano.]


1822 Feb. 18 / Op. Mars / (Al). [I; 927. Opposition of Mars. Nautical Almanac and Astronomical Ephemeris, 1822, 16.]


1822 Feb 18 / Q in Komorn, Hungary, preceded by a very loud sound which seemed to come from the air, but Danube in a commotion and threw up red sands of shores. / BA 54. [I; 928. Mallet, 137.]


[1822 Feb 19 /] 1822 / mag storm and q / q at Lyons / violently affects magnetic needle at Paris / Mag Nat Hist 6/296. [I; 917. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 6 (July 1833): 289-308, at 296. Mallet, 137. "Sur le Tremblement de terre du 19 février 1822." Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2 v. 19 (1821): 106-109.]


1822 Feb 19 / Savoy, Italy / q / I. [I; 929. A class I earthquake. Milne, 702.]


1822 Feb. 28 / Volc in Iceland of Dec 20, at least to this date. [I; 930. The Eyjafjallajökull volcano.]


1822 March 1 / Brünn / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 931. Greg, 68.]


1822 March 7 / 16 h / Mercury / Inf conjunction / (Al). [I; 932. Inferior conjunction of Mercury. Nautical Almanac and Astronomical Ephemeris, 1822, 28.]


1822 March 9 / MeteorTroy / detonation 7 1/2 minutes laterab. 10 p.m. / A. J. Sci 6/319 / At Canajoharie, a strong, sulphurous odor. See[n] and heard Saratoga, etc. / seen in s.w. at Quebec / Boston and in Pa. / In the west at Portland, Mealmost mag  of moon. [I; 933.1, 933.2. "Meteors." American Journal of Science, 6 (1823): 315-325, at 319-325.]


1822 March 9 / 13 h / Venus / Inf. conjunction / (Al). [I; 934. Inferior conjunction of Venus.  Nautical Almanac and Astronomical Ephemeris, 1822, 28.]


1822 Mar. 16 / Richmond, Va. / great det. met / BA., '60. [I; 935. Greg, 68.]


1822 Mar 20 / Sounds of Meleda (Adriatic) begin / A. de Chimie 30/432. [I; 936. "Détonations extraordinaire dans l'ile de Méléda."  Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2 v. 30 (1825): 432-435.]


1822 March 31 / Leipzig / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 937. Greg, 68.]


1822 Ap 5-6 / Etna starts. / qs around Etna / BA '54-138. [I; 938. Mallet, 138. The Etna volcano.]


1822 Ap. 6-10 / Catania, Italy / qs / I. [I; 939. A class I earthquake. Milne, 702.]


[1822 Ap 6-10 /] 1821 Ap 6-10 / q. / Catania / BA 54. [I; 856.1. These earthquakes were in 1822, (not "1821"), and are listed in Mallet's, ("54"), not Greg's catalog, ("60"). Mallet, 138.]


1822 Ap. 9 / Rhodes / "long bright column of meteoric light, exploding with many sparks" / BA '60-68. [I; 940. Greg, 68.]


1822 Ap. 9 / Rhodes / 9 p.m. / Met trail and great explosion in air / Arago, Oeuvres XI/571. [I; 941. Arago, François. Oeuvres Complètes de François Arago. Paris: Gide, 1859, v. 11 p. 571.]


1822 Ap. 10 / near Bangalore / Trans Bombay Geog Soc, vol. 9, by Dr. Buist / Masses of ice size of pumpkins. Saw bodies of 27 dead bullocks killed by the ice. In one of the masses of ice found a frozen snake which revived. [I; 942. Buist, George. "A Catalogue of the most remarkable Hailstorms which have occurred in India betwixt 1822 and 1850." Transactions of the Bombay Geographical Society, 9 (1849-1850): 184-196, at 185.]


1822 Ap. 10 / Volc and met? / Towns near Etna / "A violent clap of thunder was heard while the sky was quite clear," and a violent q. Had been severe shocks on 6th. / BA 54/139. [I; 943. Mallet, 138.]


1822 April 13 / Comrie / shock / "accompanied by two loud reports, one apparently above our heads and the other, which followed immediately, under our feet / Edin New Phil Jour 31-119. [I; 944. Milne, David. "Notices of Earthquake-Shocks felt in Great Britain...." Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 31 (1841): 92-122, at 119. "Accompanied by two loud reports, one apparently above our heads, the other which followed immediately under our feet." Mallet, 138.]


1822 May 7 / Costa Rica / q / III. [I; 945. A class III earthquake. Milne, 702.]


1822 May 18 / Bologna / Sudden storm / fall of lumps ice, some weighing 1/2 pound / An Reg '22-87. [I; 946. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 64 (1822): pt. 2, 87, cv. "Bologna." "18. Bologna.A sudden storm, which arose last Saturday at noon, brought destruction over fourteen of the most fertile communes of this province. A torrent of hail, of which the stones weighed from six to nine ounces, broke and destroyed everything; the strongest trees were stripped of their foliage, and the roofs of the houses all dashed to pieces."]


[1822 May 20. Wrong date. See: 1823 May 20, (I; 947).]


1822 May 21 / Dry fog / Paris / La Sci Pour Tour 14/58 / See Aug., 1821 / Aug., 1831. [I; 948. Bresson, Gédéon. "Les Offuscations du Soleil." La Science Pour Tous, 14 (no. 8; January 23, 1869): 57-58. See: 1821 Aug 18, (I: 874 to 877), and, 1831 Aug 3, (I: 1625, 1628, and 1629).]


[1822 May 23. Wrong date. See: 1823 May 23, (I; 949).]


1822 May 31 / q / France / BA '54-138. [I; 950. Mallet, 139.]


1822 June 3 / Metite / 8 p.m. / Angers, France / Small stone (30 oz) fell. / BA 60. [I; 951. Greg, 68. This is the Angers meteorite.]


1822 June 3 (F) / Stone fell, Angers, France. / Phil Mag 4/8/459 / An de Chimie 2/31/261. [I; 952. Fletcher, 99. This is the Angers meteorite. Greg, Robert Philips. "Observations on Meteorolites...." London, Edinburgh and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, s. 4 v. 8 (1854): 329-342, 449-463, at 459. "Sur un Aérolithe qui est tombé à Angers, départment de Maine-et-Loire, le 3 juin 1822." Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2 v. 20 (1822): 89-91. Chladni, Ernst Florens Friedrich. "Nouveau Catalogue des chutes de pierres ou de fer; de poussières ou de substances molles, sèches ou humides, suivant l'ordre chronologique."Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2 v. 31 (1826): 253-269, at 261.]


1822 June 9 / Moravia / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 953. Greg, 68.]


1822 June 13 / Christiana, Norway / Fireball / "A bituminous substance fell?" / BA 60 / D-72. [I; 954. The note copies information from page 72 of The Book of the Damned. Greg, 68.]


1822 June / (+) / See May 21. / Cape Verde Islands / Brownish dust. Writer says thinks came from an African desert [bu]t says that was described as "like triturated pumice, and had a sulphuric smell." / Mag. Nat Hist 8-18. [I; 955. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 8 (January, 1835): 1-28, at 18. See: 1822 May 21, (I; 948).]


1822 June 16 / (+) / q and phe / Fr / 4:15 p.m. and 4:30 p.m. / Severe shocks at Cherbourg / "Immediately after the shocks a luminous meteor was seen. It seemed to rise from the ocean. It was followed by a loud explosion. Torrents of  rain fell the same day. Said that a waterspout passed over. / BA '54-138. [I; 956.1, 956.2. Mallet, 139. Correct quote: "Immediately after the shocks a luminous meteor was observed, which seemed to rise from the Bay of Mont-St.-Michel to the south, and was followed by a loud explosion. Torrents of rain fell the same day in the whole department de la Manche, and a waterspout passed over it." "Tremblements de Terre."Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2  v. 21 (1822): 393-396, at 394-395. "Trombes."Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2  v. 21 (1822): 407-411, at 408-409.]


1822 June 17 / Catania, Sicily / Undetermined phe / BA '60-68 / "detonating meteor?" Repeats phe of Ap 10. [I; 957. Greg, 68.]


1822 June / Shower of brownish dust, smelling of sulphur, like triturated pumice. / Tasmanian Journal 1-333. [I; 958. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On the occurrence of Atmospheric Deposits of Dust and Ashes; with Remarks on the Drift Pumice of the Coasts of New Holland." Tasmanian Journal of Natural Science, Agriculture, Statistics, &c., 1 (1842): 321-342, at 333. This was reported to the author by Capt. Emerson, the commander of the ship Kingston, in the Cape Verde Islands.]


1822 June 17 / Leipzig / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 959. Greg, 68.]


1822 June 21 / China / q / III. [I; 960. A class III earthquake. Milne, 702.]


1822 June 26 / Volc / Iceland / great violence / been quiet 1/2 year / A. Reg '22-111. [I; 961. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 64 (1822): pt. 2, 111, cv. "Volcano." The Öraefajökull volcano has not erupted since 1728. The Eyjafjallajökull volcano.]


1822 summer / Italian fireflies near Reading / Nature 2-297. [I; 962. Webb, Thomas William. "Entomological Inquiries, etc." Nature, 2 (August 11, 1870): 297-298. Webb found a fire-fly, in 1870, and provides an account of similar specimens seen in 1822, that resembled Lampyris italica.]


1822 July 11 / At dawn, Vesuvius began. / BA '54-140. [I; 963. Mallet, 140. The Vesuvius volcano.]


1822 July 14 / Italy / q / I. [I; 964. A class I earthquake. Milne, 702.]


1822 July 15 / Marienwerder, Germany / after storm / Unknown little round seeds in great quantity. Inhabitants tried to cook them but no effect after boiling an hour. / Bull des Science 1/1/298. [I; 965. "Effet Remarkable d'un Orage." Bulletin des Sciences, 1 (1824): 298-299.]


1822 July 17 / Silesia / after storm / Great quantity little round seeds. Then scientists said they were seeds of the Galium spurium. / Bull des Sci 1/1/298. [I; 966. "Effet Remarkable d'un Orage." Bulletin des Sciences, 1 (1824): 298-299.]


1822 July 17 / Host of butterflies near Boulogne / July 26, vast swarms of flies / Mag. Nat Hist 7-611. [I; 967. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 7 (December 1834): 609-630, at 611. Forster, Thomas Ignatius Maria. Researches About Atmospheric Phenomena. 3rd edition. London: Harding, Mavor, and Lepard, 1823, 427-428. While Forster notes "the immense quantity of Butterflies covering whole fields for miles together," between Calais and Boulone, on July 17, the swarm of flies was confined to a back kitchen at Pont-y-Pani, where he stayed on the night of the 26th.]


1822 July 19 / Hamburg / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 968. Greg, 68.]


1822 June 21 / Great q / China / BA '11. [I; 969. A class III earthquake. Milne, 702.]


1822 June 21 / Metite / Commune of Clohars-Fouesnon / Metite. / C.R. 124-1543. [I; 970. Meunier, Stanislas. "Observation sur une météorite française dont la chute, survenue à Clohars en 1822, est restée inaperçue." Comptes Rendus, 124 (June 28, 1897): 1543-1544.]


1822 July 23 / 6 a.m. / Violent volc eruption in Sumatra / BA '54-140. [I; 971. Mallet, 140. The Marapi volcano.]


1822 July 28 / Brünn, Fireball / BA 60. [I; 972. Greg, 68.]


1822 July 29 / Granada, Spain / q / I. [I; 973. A class I earthquake. Milne, 702.]


1822 Aug / Poitiers (?) / Frgs / L'Institut 2/410 / B / Try Country Gentleman. [I; 974. "Pluies de crapauds." L'Institut, journal universel des sciences et des sociétés savantes en France et à l'étranger, 2 (no. 84; December 17, 1833): 409-410. “Institut.” Journal de Chimie Medicale, de Pharmacie et de Toxicologie, s. 2 v. 1 (1835): 93-103, at 93. “M. Mauduyt, conservateur du cabinet d'histoire naturelle de Poitiers, écrit qu'il a vu deux exemples de ce fait: l’un le 23 juin 1809, l'autre dans le mois d'août 1822. Cette seconde fois, l'observateur en reçut plusieurs sur son chapeau. Les premiers étaient à peine gros comme une poisette sauvage; parmi les autres, il y en avait qui étaient gros comme des noix: ils étaient tous fort agiles; ils avaient le ventre blanchâtre, le dos d'un brun tirant sur le noir, l'iris jaune, leurs pieds étaient demi-palmés.” See: 1809 June 23, (I; 271).]


1822 Aug 6 / 8:15 p.m. / Paris / great serpentine met train / more than 5 minutes / Arch. des Decouv. 1822-199. [I; 975. "Météore lumineux observée à Paris." Les Archives des Decouvertes et des Inventions Nouvelles, 15 (1822): 199-200.]


1822 Aug 6 / Paris / Caen / Southampton / det met / BA 60-68. [I; 976. Greg, 68.]


1822 Aug 7 / Moravia / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 977. Greg, 69.]


1822 Aug 7 / Agra (Kadonah) / N. W. Prov. / India / (F). [I; 978. Fletcher, 99. This is the Agra meteorite.]


1822 Aug 7 / Aerolite / also 1823 / E Mec 79/383. [I; 979. See: 1823 Aug 7, (I; 1063). Monck, William Henry Stanley. "AerolitesPerpetual Motion.” English Mechanic, 79 (no. 2045; June 3, 1904): 383-384.]


1822 Aug 8 / [London Times], 2-d / Volc / Vesuvius. [I; 980. "A smart shock of an earthquake...." London Times, August 8, 1822, p. 2.c. 4. "...at day-break on the [July] 11th, Vesuvius had an eruption." See: 1822 July 11, (I; 963). The Vesuvius volcano.]


1822 Aug 10 / Sounds of Melida heard again. [I; 981.]


1822 Aug 11 / Liege and Coblentz / "A large mass of fire fell down with a great explosion; possibly electrical." / BA '60-68. [I; 982. Greg, 69.]


1822 Aug 13 / Egypt / Asia Minor / great q / BA 54-140. [I; 983. Mallet, 141. Milne 702.]


1822 Aug 13-16 / 10 p.m. / q. / Aleppo / An Reg '22-151 / Said that in same latitude as Aleppo, 2 rocks had arisen from sea near Cyprus. [I; 984. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 64 (1822): 1-237, at 151-152, cv. "Earthquake." "The captain of a French ship also has reported, that at the tme of the earthquake two had arisen from the sea in the neighbourhood of Cyprus, which is almost under the same latitude as Aleppo."]


1822 Aug 16 / Rochelle, France / and Paris / Meteor with a serpentine course / BA '60-68. [I; 985. Greg, 69.]


1822 Aug 22 / Bromberg / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 986. Greg, 69.]


1822 Aug 23 / Posen / BA 60 / Fireball. [I; 987. Greg, 69.]


1822 Aug 24 / [London Times], 2-e / Volc / Iceland. [I; 988. "Copenhagen." London Times, August 24, 1822, p. 2 c. 5. "The volcano Oefield Jokkel, in Iceland, which since its first eruption, had remained quiet for half a year, broke out again with great violence on the 26th of June, and has done great damage to the surrounding country, by the vast quantity of ashes which it has cast up." The Eyjafjallajokull volcano was active between December 19, 1821, and January 1, 1823.]


1822 Sept 1 / Fort Royal / W to E / great det met and train / BA 60. [I; 989. Greg, 69.]


1822 Sept 1 / 8 p.m. / Fort Royal, Martinique / Great met detonating with extreme violence. / Arch des Decouv 1823-183 / Had been slight q, August 1, 8 p.m. / p. 188 / (BA 60-68). [I; 991. "Aérolithe tombé à la Martinique." Les Archives des Decouvertes et des Inventions Nouvelles, 18 (1825): 183. 'Tremblemens de terre qui ont lieu en 1822." Les Archives des Decouvertes et des Inventions Nouvelles, 18 (1825): 186-189, at 188. The correct date for the detonating meteor was "Sept 1," (not "Sept 7"); the correct date for the tremor was August 1, (not "August 8"); and, Fort Royal was an earlier name for Fort-de-France. Greg, 69.]


1822 Sept 5 / Great q / Asia Minor / [BA] '11. [I; 990. A class III earthquake. Milne, 702.]


[1822 Sept 7. Wrong date; see: 1822 Sept 1, (I; 991).]


1822 Sept. 7 / Spon Comb. / France. [A; 75. "Extrait d'une Lettre de M. Le Docteur Moulinié." Nouveau Journal de Médecine, Chirurgie, Pharmacie, etc., 15 (1822): 331-334.]


1822 Sept 10 / Karlstadt / Listed as "a strong earthquake / from E to W / BA '54 / aerolites mentioned. [I; 992. Mallet, 141.]


1822 Sept 10 / 11:30 p.m. / Carlstadt (Sweden) / noiseshocks and aerolites found / C.R., 17-622 / Great number of falling stars. [I; 993. Perrey, Alexis. "Nouvelles recherches sur les tremblements de terre ressentis en Europe et dans les parties adjacentes de l'Afrique et de l'Asie, de 1801 à juin 1843." Comptes Rendus, 17 (September 25, 1843): 608-625, at 622. "Le 10 septembre 1822, 11h 30m du soir, à Carlstadt (Suede), fort tremblement de terre précédé d'un bruit semblable à celui du canon et accompagné de l'apparition d'un grande nombre d'étoiles filantes très-brillantes. Le lendemain on a trouvé des aérolithes en différents endroits." Greg, 69.]


1822 Sept 10 / 11:30 p.m. / (q) / Strong q felt throughout province of Wermeland, Swedenfirst a noise like cannon / then meteors / aerolites said to have fallen / B Assoc 54/141 / (Ph. Mag 4-8-459.). [I; 994. Mallet, 141. "Tremblements de Terre." Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2  v. 21 (1822): 393-396, at 396. Greg, Robert Philips. "Observations on Meteorolites...." London, Edinburgh and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, s. 4 v. 8 (1854): 329-342, 449-463, at 459.]


1822 Sept. 13 / Epinal, Vosges, France / Met-ite. / F / See Oct 7, '21. / BA, '77-191. [I; 995. Fletcher, 99. This is the Epinal meteorite. Greg, 69. Flight, Walter. "On Aerolites and Detonating Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1877, "Reports on the State of Science," 188-193, at 191. See: 1821 Oct 7, (I; 890).]


1822 Sept 13 / Metite of Baffe (Vosges) / 7 a.m. / in a violent th. storm. / Q. J. Roy Inst 14-448. [I; 996. "Aerolite." Quarterly Journal of Science and the Arts, Royal Institution of Great Britain, 14 (1823): 448-449.]


1822 Sept 13 / (th stone) / Baffe (Vosges) / In a tremendous storm, exceptional thunder and lightnong, violent rain, stone fell. / Bib. Univ. 22-68 / Canton d'Epinal. [I; 997. "Mélanges." Bibliothèque Britannique, Sciences et Arts, 22 (1823): 58-72, at 68-72.]


1822 Sept 18 / q and loud noise like distant thunder / BA '54/141 / Dunston, near Newcastleq. between 1 and 2 a.m. / LT, Sept 24-2-d. [I; 998. Mallet, 141. "A smart shock of an earthquake...." London Times, September 24, 1822, p. 2 c. 4. "...accompanied by a loud noise like distant thunder."]


1822 Oct 8 and 12 / Great volc eruption in Java / L.T., Aug 30, 1883. [I; 999. "Volcanic Eruptions and Tidal Waves." London Times, August 30, 1883, p. 4 c. 1. Mallet, 142. "On the 8th, there was a most violent eruption of the volcano Galong (or Galung Gunung) in the island of Java." Backer, 880. The Galunggung volcano.]


1822 Oct 13 / Orenburg / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1000. Greg, 69.]


1822 Oct 16 / from Sir John Herschel's MS. Journal / Sky overcastgreat light like moon breaking through (London) / no record of meteor at time. / Rept B.A. 1870-87. [I; 1001. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1869-70." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1870, 76-102, at 87.]


1822 Oct 18 / Water in wells around Vesuvius disappears. / 20th, about 2 p.m., violent eruption. / An Reg '22-213. [I; 1002. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 64 (1822):  pt. 2, 213, cv. "Eruption of Mount Vesuvius." The Vesuvius volcano.]


1822 Oct 22 / 25th, ashes ceased. / BA 54. [I; 1003. Mallet, 142. The eruption of Vesuvius began on October 22, the shower of ashes ceased on the 25th, and the last smoke appeared on November 4th. The Vesuvius volcano.]


1822 Oct 20 to 28th / Vesuvius / A. Reg. [I; 1004. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 64 (1822):  pt. 2, 213, cv. "Eruption of Mount Vesuvius." The Vesuvius volcano.]


1822 Oct 22 - 24 / Vesuvius / Oct 23, great explosion / Q. J. Roy Inst 16-182 / L.T., Nov 15-2-d / 18-2-e / 22-2-c. [I; 1005. "Volcanic electricity." Quarterly Journal of Science and the Arts, Royal Institution of Great Britain, 16 (October, 1823): 181-182. "Eruption of Mount Vesuvius." London Times, November 15, 1822, p. 2 c. 4. "Eruption of Mount Vesuvius." London Times, November 18, 1822, p. 2 c. 5. "A letter from Naples...." London Times, November 22, 1822, p. 2 c. 3. The Vesuvius volcano.]


1822 about Oct 22 / (It) / Sound / Rumblings / Verona / See 1816. [I; 1006. Cancani, Adolfo. "Rombi sismici." Bollettino della Società Sismologica Italiana, 7 (1901-1902): 23-47, at 37. See: 1816, (I; 547).]


1822 Oct 22 / Vesuvius terrific / A.J.S. 6/385 / Ashes "at first reddish brown, then more white." [I; 1007. "Vesuvius." American Journal of Science, 6 (1822): 385-386. "The writer collected several pounds of the ashes from his Balcony in Naples. It was at first of a reddish brown, and then more white, and appeared to him like a pulverised pummice stone." The Vesuvius volcano.]


[1822 Oct 22 /] 1822 Nov. 24 / Vesuvius renews with violence. / BA 54. [I; 1023. Not in November of 1822 according to Mallet's catalog, which records an earthquake on October 18 and a volcanic eruption on October 22. Mallet, 142. The Vesuvius volcano.]


[1822 Oct 22 /] 1822 Nov 22 / Ves. eruption began, 2 p.m. / violent to 25th / BA '54. [I; 1024. Mallet gives the starting date of the eruption as October 22. Mallet, 142. The Vesuvius volcano.]


1822 Oct 23 / Two "Vulcs" / Pastorff / A. Sci Disc 1860/411. [I; 1008. "New Planets." Annual of Scientific Discovery, 1860, 409-411. "Lettre II." Correspondance Astronomique, Géographique, Hydrographique et Statistique du Baron de Zach..., 13 (1825): 15-20, at 17.]


1822 Oct 27 / Berleburg / BA 60 / [Fireball]. [I; 1009. Greg, 69.]


1822 Oct 28 / or "22nd?" / Brighton, England / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1010. Greg, 69.]


1822 Nov. 4 / Trans Merc. / S. Op. 1. [I; 1011. Transit of Mercury. (Scientific Opinion, v. 1.) “Transit of Mercury Over the Sun, 4th Nov. 1822.” Nautical Almanac and Astronomical Ephemeris, 1822, 20.]


1822 Nov 4 / Chili / Copiapo, Chili, almost destroyed. / BA '54-142. [I; 1012. Mallet, 142. Milne, 702.]


1822 Nov 11 / Freiberg / BA 60 / [Fireball]. [I; 1013. Greg, 69.]


1822 Nov. 12 / Potsdam / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1014. Greg, 69.]


1822 Nov. 15 / Apenrade / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1015. Greg, 69.]


1822 Nov 19 / q.deluge / 10:30 / Time of shock, the sky was cloudless, moon and stars shining brilliantly. Weather continued clear, Evening of 27th, tremendous rainstorm. / Q. Jour Roy, Inst., 17-45 / Rain had never fallen before in month of November. Shocks continued at least to end of Sept., 1823. [I; 1016.1, 1016.2. "Account of the Earthquake in Chili, in November, 1822...." Quarterly Journal of Science and the Arts, Royal Institution of Great Britain, 17 (1824): 38-46. "Rain had never before fallen in the country, even at a small distance north of the river Maule, in the month of November."]


1822 Nov 19 / (+) / Chili / (+) / q / Writer in Q J Roy Inst 17-38 says that some persons said that they had seen an unusual light in the horizon to the southward, but that he had seen nothing. This writer was at Concon, 15 miles NE of Valparaiso. He says that at Valdivia, 39° 50' S, 2 volcanoes burst out suddenly with great noise, illuminating the heavens, and then as suddenly subsided. (This sky phe?) On 27th, tremendous fall of rain in a place where rain had never before fallen. [I; 1017.1, 1017.2, 1917.3. "Account of the Earthquake in Chili, in November, 1822...." Quarterly Journal of Science and the Arts, Royal Institution of Great Britain, 17 (1824): 38-46. "At the moment the shock was felt, two volcanoes in the neighbourhood burst out suddenly with great noise, illuminated the heavens and the surrounding country for a few seconds, and then as suddenly subsided into their usual quiescent state."]


1822 Nov 19 / Fireball / 2/3 moon / BA 60. [I; 1018. At Valparaiso. Greg, 69.]


1822 Nov. 19 / q phe / q. / Chile. / A. J. Sci 30-110 / 10:30 a.m. / Dried up wells and brooks renewed. "[On the night of the great earthquake,] meteors or blazing stars and flakes of fire are said to have been seen in [the] heavens; one very vivid meteor shot from the south west toward the south east." / Had been many slight shocks in preceding month at Valparaiso. Then q's every day. [I; 1019.1, 1019.2. "Earthquake and rising of the sea coast of Chili, in November, 1822." American Journal of Science, 30 (1836): 110-113.]


1822 Nov 19 / (Chili) / Valparaiso / met 2/3 size of moon / burst / train of fire / BA '60-68. [I; 1020. Greg, 69.]


1822 Nov. 19 / 10:15 p.m. / Great q / Chili / Nov 21 - 28 / BA '54-144. [I; 1021. Mallet, 143-145. A class III earthquake. Milne, 702.]


1822 Nov. 22 / Valparaiso / 10 a.m. / 3 loud explosions, after each of which the earth trembled. / other q's / BA 54. [I; 1022. Mallet, 144.]


[1822 Nov 22. Wrong date. See: 1822 Oct 22, (I; 1024).]


[1822 Nov. 24. Wrong date. See: 1822 Oct 22, (I; 1023).]


1822 Nov 25 / 3 and 5 a.m. / Wurtemburg / q and sounds / B As 54/144. [I; 1025. Mallet, 144.]


1822 Nov 26 / Valparaiso / tremendous rainstormnever before known to occur at this season / BA 54-144. [I; 1026. Mallet, 145.]


1822 Nov. 28 / Aerolite? / See Nov. 29, 1809. [I; 1027. Fort refers to Capocci's list of aerolites falling at the end of November, in: 1809 Nov. 29, (I; 311). "Falling Stars." Athenæum, 1840 (no. 686; December 19): 1013.]


1822 Nov. 30 / (F) / Metite at Futtehpore / shortly before sunset / Jour Asiatic Soc Bengal 30/130 / Edin. N.P. J. 53/235. [I; 1028. Fletcher, 100. This is the Futtehpur meteorite. Haidinger, Wilhelm Karl Ritter von. "Report on the Shalka, Futtehpore, Pegu, Assam, and Segowlee, Meteorites sent from the Asiatic Society of Bengal, (Calcutta) to the Imperial Museum of Vienna." Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 30 (1861): 129-138, at 130-132. Shepard, Charles Upham. "On Meteorites." Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 53, (1852): 245-249, at 245. Greg, 69.]


1822 Dec 1 / Grenada, West Indies / q. / I. [I; 1029. A class I earthquake. Milne, 702.]


1822 Dec 21 / Brünn / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1030. Greg, 69.]


1822 Dec. / Eruption of volc Eyafelle / Jokel, Iceland / Q. J. Roy Inst 16-396. [I; 1031. "Volcanic Eruption in Iceland." Quarterly Journal of Science and the Arts, Royal Institution of Great Britain, 16 (1824): 396. The Eyjafjallajokull volcano.]


1822 Dec 31 / Volc / Api, Java. / N.M. / C.R. 70-878. [I; 1032. Backer, 880. The Banda Api volcano.]


1823:


1823 / B / q. / Chile / Le Moniteo, p. 411, 531, 571. [I; 1033. ("Le Moniteo"???, p. 411, 531, 571). Possibly: Le Moniteur Universal, of 1823?]


1823 Jan 10 / Murcia and Alicante, Spain / q. / II. [I; 1034. A class II earthquake. Milne, 702.]


1823 Jan 11 / Augsburg / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1035. Greg, 69.]


1823 / Jan 24 / England / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1036. Greg, 69.]


1823 Jan. 26 / Gosport / BA '60 / Fireball. [I; 1037. Greg, 69.]


1823 Feb-March / qs / Formosa / I. [I; 1038. A class I earthquake. Milne, 702.]


1823 Feb. 16 / 1st snowstorm recorded in Mobile, Alabama / NY Sun, 1892, Jan 21-6-7. [I; 1039. "Sunbeams." New York Sun, January 21, 1892, p. 6 c. 7.]


1823 Feb 24-25 / q and storm / night / Violent storm near Hanover, and q , and a crevice a foot wide opened in the ground. [I; 1040. Mallet, 147-148.]


1823 Mar 5 / Italy and Sicily / great q. / [BA] '11. [I; 1041. A class III earthquake. Milne, 702.]


1823 March 6 / q and Sounds / Santa Lucia di Milazzo, Sicily / Concussion and 4 terrific crashes supposed be subterranean. / See 1816. [I; 1042. Cancani, Adolfo. "Rombi sismici." Bollettino della Società Sismologica Italiana, 7 (1901-1902): 23-47, at 37-38. See: 1816, (I; 547).]


1823 March 14-15 / Calabria, Abruzzo, Tuscany; at Bologna and through the whole chain of the Appenines / Red snow / (p) / Mag of Sci 4-274 / See March 13, 1813. [I; 1043. "Showers of Blood and Red Snow." Magazine of Science, 4 (1842-1843): 274-275.]


1823 Ap. 2 / Manheim / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1044. Greg, 69.]


1823 Ap. 6 / Berlin / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1045. Greg, 69.]


1823 Ap. 9 / Potsdam / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1046. Greg, 69.]


1823 May 2 / Embleton / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1047. Greg, 69.]


1823 May 7 / Panama / q. / III. [I; 1048. A class III earthquake. Milne, 702.]


1823 May 8 / Wurtemberg / yellow dust / Archives des Decouvertes 1824/223. [I; 1049. "Pluie de poussière Jaune." Les Archives des Decouvertes et des Inventions Nouvelles, 17 (1824): 223. Schübler, Gustav. "Ueber die Gewitter des Jahrs 1823 in Würtemburg und den angrenzenden Gegenden." Journal für Chemie und Physik, 41(1824): 26-47, at 35-36. Schübler identifies this "pulver," examined under a microscope, as pollen, which fell during a warm summer storm.]


1823 May 13 / Yellow dust called "sulphur" / Crailsheim / Bull. des Sciences 1/1/301. [I; 1050. "Pluie de poussière jaune." Bulletin des Sciences Mathématiques, Physiques et Chimiques, 2 (1824): 301-302.]


[1823 May 20 /] 1822 May 20 / Ragusa / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 947. Greg, 69.]


1823 May 22 / In Nature, 14/195, T. W. Webb writes that he saw a small luminous body near Venus. [I; 1051. Webb, Thomas William. "The Satellite of Venus." Nature, 14 (June 29, 1876): 193-195, at 195. The object might have been the star Mebsuta, (Epsilon Geminorum), with an apparent magnitude of about 3, with Venus at an apparent magnitude of about -4. On the next evening, Mebsuta was very close to Venus and may have been obscured by its brilliance, (which may explain why it wasn't seen on his next observation); and, on the following evening, (May 24), Mebsuta would have been on the opposite side of Venus but barely perceptible to the naked eye, until after sunset.]  


[1823 May 23 /] 1822 May 23 / Kiel; Denmark / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 949. Greg, 69.]


1823 May 30 / Waters of Lake Erie suddenly rose 9 feet. / BA '54. [I; 1052. Mallet, 150. "The water then fell, and rose again twice to the height of 7 feet. In twenty minutes it resumed its original level, and all was still again."]


1823 June 12 / 8 p.m. / Metite / Angers, France / taken up immediately"not particularly warm" / Quar Jour Roy Inst 14-447. [I; 1053. "Meteors (on their nature)." Quarterly Journal of Science and the Arts, Royal Institution of Great Britain, 14 (1823): 447-448.]


1823 June 19 / 9:30 p.m. / Tornado / Morgan, Ohio / Finleys Rept. [I; 1054. Finley, 3.]


1823 June 22-July 17 / Volc / Iceland / C.R. 51-68. [I; 1055. Pjetursson. "Sur une nouvelle éruption d'un volcan islaidais." Comptes Rendus, 51 (1860): 67-68. "En 1823, du 22 juin au 18 juillet." The Katla volcano.]


1823 June 22 / Loud sounds southern Iceland. On 26th, violent eruption of Kotlungian. Ashes covered ships 90 miles at sea. / Q. J. Roy Inst 16-396. [I; 1056. "Volcanic Eruption in Iceland." Quarterly Journal of Science and the Arts, Royal Institution of Great Britain, 16 (1824): 396. The Katla volcano]


1823 June 26-July 23 / Eruption of Katla, Iceland / Smithsonian Inst Rept. 1885-510. [I; 1057. "Volcanic Eruptions and Earthquakes in Iceland within Historic Times." Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian, 1885, 495-541, at 510. The Katla volcano.]


1823 July 23 / Blairgowrie / Waterspout / LT, Aug 8-2-d. [I; 1058. "Atmospheric Phenomenon." London Times, August 8, 1823, p. 2 c. 4.]


1823 July 24 and 25 / Two remarkable spots on sun, by Pastoroff / (N.M.) / CR 49/811. [I; 1059. "Astronomie.—Lettre de M. Herrick à M. Le Verrier." Comptes Rendus, 44 (1857): 810-812.]


1823 July / In a heavy th. storm, a ball of heavy materialab. 7 inches in circumference, and weighing 8 ouncesfell at Coddenham, in Suffolk. / New Monthly Mag 9-383. [I; 1060. "Provincial Occurrences." New Monthly Magazine and Literary Journal, n.s., 9 (1823): 380-384, at 383, c.v. "Suffolk.".]


1823 July 30 / Leipzig / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1061, Greg, 69.]


1823 Aug 7 / q / Ragussa / See Aug 20. [I; 1062. Mallet, 151-152.]


1823 Aug 7 / Aerolite / Also 1822 / E. Mec 79/383. [I; 1063. Monck, William Henry Stanley. "AerolitesPerpetual Motion.” English Mechanic, 79 (no. 2045; June 3, 1904): 383-384. See: 1822 Aug 7, (I; 979).]


1823 Aug. 7 / See Sept., 1826. / Nobleborough, Maine / Metite / (F) / or Oct 11? [I; 1064. Fletcher, 100. This is the Nobleborough meteorite. See: 1826 Sept, (I; 1283).]


1823 Aug 9 / Singen / N.E. to S.W. / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1065. Greg, 69.]


1823 Aug 12 / Tubingen / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1066. Greg, 69.]


[1823 Aug 13 /] 1825 Aug 13 / by M. Hansteen / ab. 11 a.m. / ac field of his telescope / a luminous point with a sinuous movement / thought not been a meteormay been a bird / Arago, Oeuvres XI/575. [I; 1201. "Falling Star seen at Mid-day." Edinburgh Philosophical Journal, 12 (1825): 406-407. Dick, Thomas. "Remarks on Professor Hansteen's Account of a Shooting Star, seen in the Day-time." Edinburgh Philosophical Journal, 13 (1825): 167-170. "Etoiles filantes en plein jour." Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2 v. 30 (1825): 416-421. Arago, François. Oeuvres Complètes de François Arago. Paris: Gide, 1859, v. 11, 575-576. Christopher Hansteen gave the date of this observation as August 13, 1823.]


1823 Aug 19 / Munich / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1067. Greg, 69.]


1823 Aug 20 / Ragusa / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1068. Greg, 69.]


1823 Aug 20 / q and met at Ragussa / and q there on 7th / BA 54. [I; 1069. Mallet, 151-152.]


1823 Aug 20 / Ragusa / Met and q, and sea retired nearly a mile from coast. / and Turkish Bosnia / B.A., '54. [I; 1070. Mallet, 152. "A meteor appeared immediately before the shock."]


1823 Aug 20 / q phe / dark / at Ragusa / L.T. Oct. 21-2-b / "On the 20th the air became suddenly dark. A fiery meteor appeared over the city, and fell into the sea, followed by an earthquake that overthrew many houses. The sea retired nearly a mile from the shore. Felt strongly in Turkish Bosnia. There it was reported that a volcano had broken loose. [I; 1071.1, 1071.2. "Ancona, Sept. 21." London Times, October 21, 1823, p. 2 c. 2. "On the 20th the air became suddenly dark. A fiery meteor appeared over the city, fell into the sea, and was followed by an earthquake, which overthrew many housesseveral persons were killed. The sea retired nearly a mile from the coast. The first shock was felt in Turkish Bosnia; it caused an immense piece of rock to fall, which, rolling into the sea, struck a vessel laden with flour, and buried it, with its crew, in the waves. It is reported that a volcano has broken out in that province."]


1823 Aug 23 / Report 54/153 / That Aug 23, 1823, this time a mass of rock was moved from its place and rolled away, but that on all other occasions no such distinct earthquake phe. 9 occurrences of the sound listed for Oct and Nov, 1824, "unaccompan[ied] by any shock". [I; 1072.1, 1072.2. Mallet, 152, 162. "Detonations were heard in this island on the 14th, 25th, 28th, and 29th of October, and 1st, 2nd, 11th, 12th, and 15th of November, unaccompanied by any shock." Partsch, Paul. Bericht über das Detonationsphaenomen auf der Insel Meleda bey Ragusa. Vienna: J.G. Heubner, 1826, 75-87.]


1823 Aug 25 / Asia Minor / q. / II. [I; 1073. A class II earthquake. Milne, 702.]


1823 ab. Aug 25 / th stone / Cor sends stone to editor of A J. Sci (7-56), saying that people of Stamford, Conn., thought it had fallen from a thunder cloud. It was a composition of sulphur in granite. People named hill on which said fallen "Brimstone Hill". [I; 1074.1, 1074.2. "Sulphur in Granite." American Journal of Science, 7 (1824): 56-57.]


1823 Aug 26 / At Dreux, France. Whirlwind called waterspout. Blackish vapor and flames in the middle of it. Hailstones size of fists fell. / A. J. Sci 10/184. [I; 1075. "Remarkable Water-spout in France, in 1823." American Journal of Science, 10 (1826): 183-184.]


1823 Aug 29 / LT, 2-c, from Nottingham Review / Spook—bed post / For 5 or 6 weeks in a house in Warsop. A sound like quacking of a duck, beginning at 3 p.m. and continuing until morning. When the occupants were in bed, the sound seemed to come from one of the bed posts. [A; 76.1, 76.2. "Ghost Extraordinary." London Times, August 29, 1823, p. 2 c. 3.]


1823 Sept 9 / See Sept 26. / In Silesia / 1:30 p.m. / Sound like thunder / like whirlwind phe / BA 54/153. [I; 1076. Mallet, 152-153. See: 1823 Sept 16, (I; 1078).]


1823 Sept 13 / [London Times], 2-c / Volc in Iceland. [I; 1077. "Volcanic Eruption." London Times, September 13, 1823, p. 2 c. 3. "...the volcano at Kollergean, in that island, which had been quiet for 68 years, made a terrible eruption on the 26th of July last, accompanied by an earthquake...." This may be a report of an eruption of the Katla volcano, at the Mýrdalsjökull glacier in Iceland, (which had erupted between June 26 and July 23, 1823, and previously in 1755 and 1756).]


1823 Sept 16 / Genoa / whirl like Aug 26 / Same ref. [I; 1078. "Remarkable Water-spout in France, in 1823." American Journal of Science, 10 (1826): 183-184.] See: 1823 Aug 26, I; 1075).]


1823 Oct 3 / Konigsberg / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1079. Greg, 69.]


1823 Oct 10 / (+) / Letter from M. Flauguergues, to Baron Zachthat he had not seen any spots on the sun for the preceding 16 months. / Edin J. Sci 1-370. [I; 1080. "Long absence of the solar spots." Edinburgh Journal of Science, 1 (1824): 370.]


1823 Oct. 10 / 10 h / Venus / Inf conjunction / (Al). [I; 1081. Inferior conjunction of Venus. Nautical Almanac and Astronomical Ephemeris, 1823, 112.]


1823 Oct. 11 / Aug 7 (?) / Nobleboro / Metite fell among sheep. / A. J. Sci 7-171 / Analysis / 9/400 / (F) = Aug 7. [I; 1082. Cleaveland, Parker. "Notice of the late Meteor in Maine." American Journal of Science, 7 (1824): 170-171. "Aerolite of Maine." American Journal of Science, 9 (1825): 400. Fletcher,  100. The Nobleboro meteorite fell on August 7, 1823.]


1823 Oct 19 / 16 h / Mercury / Inf conjunction (?) / (Al). [I; 1083. Inferior conjunction of Mercury. Nautical Almanac and Astronomical Ephemeris, 1823, 112.]


1823 Oct 23 / Sharply defined circular spot, by Biela / Webb, Celestial Objects, p. 43. [I; 1084. Webb, William Thomas. Celestial objects for common telescopes. 4th ed. London: Longmans, Green, 1881, 43.]


1823 Oct 23 / Slight shocks and ext. heat, at Minschrift, Siberia. / BA 54. [I; 1085. Mallet, 153.]


1823 Oct 27 / Polt stones / [London Times], 3-b / = Monday -- L.T. / A ghost at Pimlico—for 2 weeks reports that a ghost, in various forms, had been seen. Night of 21st, showers of "stones, brickbats and missiles" broke almost every pane of glass at Nos. 4, 5, 6, 7 Elizabeth-place, Queen Street. Some of the stones weighed at least seven pounds. Origin could not be discovered. Night of 22nd, about the same hour, and 23rd, "same time precisely, more showers, breaking furniture. Said that constables and watchmen were on guard but that the "diabolical offender" could not be discovered. / So definite story of stones but no definite story of ghost seen. [A; 77.1, 77.2, 77.3. "Extraordinary Outrage." London Times, October 27, 1823, p. 3 c. 2. "Persons ventured out, but could not discover from whence the stones came. Wednesday night, about the same hour, the very same outrage was commenced with rather increased fury. Constables, watchmen, &c, were procured by the inhabitants; every corner was searched, but in vain. On Thursday, at the same time precisely, it commenced again, and some valuable glasses and furniture were destroyed; but the diabolical offender could not be discovered."]


1823 Nov 17 / China / Q / III. [I; 1086. A class III earthquake. Milne, 702.]


1823 Nov 21 / Freiburg, etc. / loud sound and q / BA 54/153. [I; 1087. Mallet, 153. "The sound was heard at one or two places where the shock was not perceptible."]


1823 Nov 24 / Stockholm and other places in Sweden"a dull sound that seemed to come down from the atmosphere["]then a violent tempest. Shock not felt in mines. [I; 1088. Mallet, 153.]


1823 Nov 26 / Shock / Calcutta / BA 54. [I; 1089. Mallet, 154.]


1823 Nov. 27 / Aerolite? / See Nov. 29, 1809. [I; 1090. Fort refers to Capocci's list of aerolites falling at the end of November, in: 1809 Nov. 29, (I; 311). "Falling Stars." Athenæum, 1840 (no. 686; December 19): 1013.]


1823 Nov 30 / 3:10 p.m. / Martinique / q and sea waves / Heat had been suffocating. Abundant rain followed q and lasted 10 days. / BA 54. [I; 1091. Mallet, 154.]


1823 Nov. 30 / Q and great rain at Martinique / C.R. 16-1292 / See Nov 30, '24. [I; 1092. Perrey, Alexis. "Note historique sur les tremblements de terre des Antilles." Comptes Rendus, 16 (1843): 1283-1303, at 1292. "30 novembre, 3h 10m du soir, à la Martinique, forte ondulation précédée d'un bruit très intense. Il avait fait dans la journée une chaleur étouffante. Un raz de marée eut lieu après la secousse et occasionna quelques accidents dans les ports; une pluie très-abondante suivit aussi ce phénomène et dura dix jours."]


1823 Dec 6 / Aix / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1093. Greg, 70.]


1823 Dec 13 / Belley (Ain) / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1094. Greg, 70.]


1823 Dec 13 or 16 / Belley (Ain), France / Shock said by some persons occurred at 1 a.m. At 3 a.m., an explosion, and ac to one person, the heavens appeared on fire. / listed with q's / B Assoc 54/154. [I; 1095. Mallet, 154.]


1823 Dec. 13 / 3 a.m. / Bellay (Ain) / q, and sky as if on fire / C.R. 17-622. [I; 1096. Perrey, Alexis. "Nouvelles recherches sur les tremblements de terre ressentis en Europe et dans les parties adjacentes de l'Afrique et de l'Asie, de 1801 à juin 1843." Comptes Rendus, 17 (September 25, 1843): 608-625, at 622. "Le 13 décembre 1823, on ressentit, vers 3 heures du matin, des secousses assez fortes à Bellay (Ain). Un habitant de Bexonces, qui était parti de ce village de très-grand matin, rapporta qu'étant sur le sommet de la montagne à 3 heures de la nuit, le ciel lui parut tout en feu, un instant après la détonation qui accompagna les commotions souterraines, quoique aucun météore ne parût alors sur l'horizon." Bellay and Bexonces, in Comptes Rendus, should be Belley and Bénonces.]


1824:


1824 / Meleda / See Humboldt. / Cosmos 1-205. [I; 1097. Humboldt, Alexander von. Elise Charlotte Otté, trans. Cosmos: a Sketch of a Physical Description of the Universe. London: H.G. Bohn, 1848, v. 1, 205.]


[1824. Wrong date. See: 1826 Dec 17, (A; 78).]


1824 Jan 1 - 10 / One large spot on sun / Sci Gazette 1-40. [I; 1098. (Sci Gazette 1-40. Probably: Scientific Gazette, or Library of Mechanical Philosophy Chemistry and Discovery, @ BL, Oxford, Cambridge, Univ. of Edinburgh.)]


1824 Jan / q's. / Philippines / II / BA '11. [I; 1099. A class II earthquake. Milne, 702.]


1824 Jan 6-7 / night / Bohemia / The first of many shocks. On Jan 1, a sound like thunder. / BA 54-155. [I; 1100. Mallet, 154.]


1824 Jan 13 / Bohemia / qwells in several places which for years been dry suddenly filled with water. / BA 54. [I; 1101. Mallet, 156.]


1824 Jan 15 / qstat above / (Cut) / Boves, Piedmont 3 shocks / 12:20 / 12:30 / 2 a.m. / A meteoric stone fell in this day at Arenazzo, near Ferrara (Chladni). / B Assoc '54/156 / (F). [I; 1102. Mallet, 156. Fletcher, 100. Chladni, Ernst Florens Friedrich. "Neue Beiträge sur Kenntniss der Feuermeteore und der herabgefallenen Massen." Annalen der Physik und Chemie, s. 2 v. 6 (1826): 21-35, at 27-28. This is the Renazzo meteorite.]


1824 Jan 13 or Feb. 6 / (It) / Renazzo, Bologna, Italy / Metite / B.A., '60. [I; 1103. Greg, 70.]


[1824 Jan 19. Wrong date. See: 1825 Jan 19, (I; 1104).]


1824 toward end of Jan. / Many stones near Arenazzo, Bologna / An de Chimie 2/31/261. [I; 1105. Chladni, Ernst Florens Friedrich. "Nouveau Catalogue des chutes de pierres ou de fer; de poussières ou de substances molles, sèches ou humides, suivant l'ordre chronologique."Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2 v. 31 (1826): 253-269, at 261.]


1824 Jan 22 / [London Times], 2-c / 27-3-e / Feb 5-3-c / Comet. [I; 1106. "The Comet on the 7th of January...." London Times, January 22, 1824, p. 2 c. 3. "A comet is now visible...." London Times, January 27, 1824, p. 3 c. 5. "There are certain phenomena in the present comet...." London Times, February 5, 1824, p. 3 c. 3. The Great Comet of 1823, (C/1823 Y1), was discovered on December 29, 1823. This twin-tailed comet was already visible to the naked eye when first observed and was last observed on April 1, 1824.]


1824 Jan 30 / "terrible shocks" / Philippines / BA 54. [I; 1107. Mallet, 157.]


1824 Feb 3 / Waterford / Lightning reduces a girl to ashes. [A; 79. "The parish of Aglish, in the West of the County Waterford...." Waterford Mail, February 11, 1824, p. 2 c. 5. "The parish of Aglish, in the West of the County Waterford, was on Tuesday visited by a thunder storm, in which a young woman was struck dead by the lightning, and two children dreadfully scorched."]


1824 Feb 4 / Shocks / Sardinia / and a "noise like that of a storm" / BA '54. [I; 1108. Mallet, 157.]


[1824 Feb 11] / B / Irkutsk / slight shock / Feb 11, 1824 / 3 severe shocks, March 8 / BA Rept '54/124. [I; 1109. Mallet, 158.]


1824 Feb 18 / or, other accounts, May 14stone weighing 5 pounds fell at Irkutsk, Siberia. / Rept B. Assoc 1860/70 / See 1829. [I; 1110. Greg, 70. See: 1829 Mar 8, (I; 1445).]


1824 Feb. 21 / Greece / Ionian island of Santa Maura / q. / I. [I; 1111. A class I earthquake. Milne, 702.]


1824 Feb 26 / [London Times], 3-b / q / Bergen, Norway. [I; 1112. "At Bergen, in Norway, on the 6th ult...." London Times, February 26, 1824, p. 3 c. 2.]


1824 March 1 / Berlin / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1113. Greg, 70.]


1824 March 24 / Op Mars / Annals of Phil 23/107 / ac to Francis Baily. [I; 1114. Baily, Francis. "On the ensuing Opposition of Mars." Annals of Philosophy, n.s. v. 7 (1824): 107-108. Opposition of Mars. Nautical Almanac and Astronomical Ephemeris, 1824, 28.]


1824 April 10 / Very severe shocks, Jamaica, preceded by a violent wind. / BA 54. [I; 1115. Mallet, 159. A class I earthquake. Milne, 702.]


1824 Ap. 17 / Linlithgowshire / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1116. Greg, 70.]


1824 Ap. 20 / ab. 3 a.m./ "Terrible" q / St Thomas, W. Indies / BA 54. [I; 1117. Mallet, 159. A class I earthquake. Milne, 702.]


1824 from last of May to last of Aug. / No sunspots were observed by Flaugergues. / Edin J. Sci 2/172. [I; 1118. "Spots on the Sun in 1824." Edinburgh Journal of Science, 2 (1825): 172.]


1824 June 23 / Q in Persia, and renewal of volc in Java which began on 9th. / BA 54. [I; 1119. Mallet, 160. The volcano, "Gunong Api" on the island of Banda, was Banda Api." A class III earthquake. Milne, 702.]


1824 June 25 / 5:30 a.m. / Shiraz / great q / An Reg '24-72. [I; 1120. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 66 (1824): 1-180, at 72-73, cv. "Earthquake."]


1824 July / D-84 / fish / Meerut, India / Liv Age 52/186. ** [I; 1121. The note copies information from page 84 of The Book of the Damned. Buist, George. "Showers of fish." Living Age, 52 (1857): 186. "In July, 1824, fish fell at Meerut on the men of His Majesty's 14th, then out at drill, and were caught in numbers."]


1824 ab July 1 / Herrings / Shalhinday, Bleachfield, Eng. / Phil Mag 64/152. [I; 1122. Inglis, Gavin. "Supposed Effects of a Water-Spout." Philosophical Magazine, 64 (August, 1824): 152-154. "On Wednesday last week, my servants informed me that they had seen a quantity of small herrings lying upon the potato ground, where they had that morning been ploughing, and that they could think of no way by which they could come there, except by the heavy shower that fell the night before. Upon expressing my disbelief of this, they said if I would go to a particular spot, which was on the north of the public road, about three to four hundred yards to the west of Finnity, I should probably find some still lying. I went accordingly, and picked up eight or ten small herrings from two to two inches and a half long. I saw several more, but these were dashed by the fall. This was about eleven o'clock A.M., and the crows and sea-gulls had been very busy all morning. I examined the servants as to the quantity: they said they were lying very thick, along a tract of about fifteen to twenty yards in breadth, and one hundred in length across the potatoe ground...."]


1824 July 13 or 14 / Tidal Wave / Coast of Devonshire. Had been fine weather but "the atmosphere seem to be charged with electric matter." Gents Mag, Aug., 1824 / But from the south and west a "continued peal of thunder was heard, which lasted for many hours." Then a huge tidal wave rushed up the river Dart. [I; 1123.1, 1123.2. "(Phenomenon on the Devonshire Coast)." Gentleman's Magazine, 94 pt. 2 (August 1824): 101-102.]


1824 July 18 / departments of France. Eastern Pyrenees, Aude, Tarn, etc. / Lightning in the sky and flashes like lightning all day at Carcassone. / No thunder heard / At ab. 10:20, a q or shock. / See Feb 24. / B Assoc 54/160 / (Feb 24 see).] [I; 1124. Mallet, 160. "See Feb 24" does not appear to refer to another of Fort's notes nor a quake in Mallet's catalog. There was a fiery whirlwind at Carcassone; see: 1826 Aug 26, (I; 1280).]


1824 July 18 / FranceEastern Pyrenees / ab 10:20 p.m. / At Mont-Louis, where weather had been clear, a violent storm immediately after the q. / BA 54 / At Perpignan air seemed filled with burning vapors. At Carcassone a blast of wind as if from an explosion. During the day all points of horizon illuminated by lightning but no thunder. [I; 1125.1, 1125.2. Mallet, 160.]


[1824 July 24] / Singular disease in Italy / LT, 1824, July 24-2-b. [A; 89. "A singular species of disease prevails in Italy...." London Times, July 24, 1824, p. 2 c. 2. The disease was called "spina ventosa," and is now identified as tuberculosis dactylitis. This tuberculosis of the bones is not confined to Italy, (particularly of the hands and feet), and was described by Alexis Boyer, in 1803, and identified by Auguste Nélaton, in 1837.]


[1824 July 27 /] 1824 Sept 3 / (Hun) / [London Times], 2-c / Fires and Storms in Hungary. [I; 1139. "Vienna, Aug. 20." London Times, September 3, 1824, p. 2 c. 3.]


1824 July 29 / Eruption / Canary Islands / lasted into Oct or Nov / BA 54. [I; 1126. Mallet, 161. The Lanzarote volcano.]


[1824 Aug. 8 /] 1824 Aug 17 / [London Times], 3-a / q / Comrie. [I; 1134. "On the morning of Sunday se'nnight...." London Times, August 17, 1824, p. 3 c. 1. Mallet, 161.]


1824 Aug 11 or 12 / Tuscany, Italy / Fireball BA 60. [I; 1127. Greg, 70.]


1824 Aug 11 and 12 / Qs and dry fog in Tuscany / C.R. 17-622. [I; 1128. Perrey, Alexis. "Nouvelles recherches sur les tremblements de terre ressentis en Europe et dans les parties adjacentes de l'Afrique et de l'Asie, de 1801 à juin 1843." Comptes Rendus, 17 (September 25, 1843): 608-625, at 622. "Plus tard, avant les secousses des 11 et 12 août 1824, on remarqua en Toscane un brouillard d'une nature particulière autour de cet astre"; "cet astre" being the Sun.]


1824 Aug 11-12 / (Cut) / night / Alpsa traveller reported a 3-minute globe of fire. / Arago, Oeuvres XI/573. [I; 1129. Arago, François. Oeuvres Complètes de François Arago. Paris: Gide, 1859, v. 11, 573. "Un voyageur rapporte qu'en traversant les Alpes dans la nuit du 11 au 12 août, il a aperçu un globe de feu qui répandait la plus vive clarté sur l'atmosphère. Le phénomène a duré trois minutes."]


1824 Aug 12 / Romagna, Italy / q. / I. [I; 1130. A class I earthquake. Milne, 702.]


1824 Aug 13 / On 12th, a fireball. / Next morning, "a mist of peculiar character". / Then early morn shocks. / Tuscany / BA 54/161. [I; 1131. Mallet, 161. "Supplément à la Liste des Tremblemens de terre insérée dans le XXIVe volume." Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2 v. 27 (1824): 376-380, at 379.]


[1824 Aug 13. Wrong date. See: 1824 Aug 23, (I; 1136).]


1824 Aug 18 / At Harderwyck, in Guelderland. News from Brussels, in Leeds Mercury, Sept 11. A tremendous noise, so great people thought roofs coming down, and q. [I; 1133. "Brussels, Sept. 1." Leeds Mercury, September 11, 1824, p. 2 c. 3. "Supplément à la Liste des Tremblemens de terre insérée dans le XXIVe volume." Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2 v. 27 (1824): 376-380, at 379-380. Mallet, 161.]


[1824 Aug 17. Wrong date. See: 1824 Aug. 8, (I; 1134).]


1824 summer / D-84 / Fish / Fifeshire, Scotland / Wernerian Nat Hist Soc Trans 5/575. ** [I; 1135. The note copies information from page 84 of The Book of the Damned. "History of the Society." Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society, 5 pt. 2 (1824-1825): 565-579, at 575, c.v. "1825. Mar. 19." "A letter from Mr James Fotheringham, Gairny Bridge, was then read, giving a general Account of the Shower of Fishes supposed to have fallen in the west of Fifeshire last summer." The fall of herrings at Bernardy, Scotland, took place in June of 1824, (probably June 30); and, it was further reported in: "Supposed Effects of a Water-Spout." Philosophical Magazine, August 1824, 152-154. See: "1824 ab July," (I; 1122).]


1824 Aug 23 / Mendoza, Argentine / Fireball and meteoric dust / ac to Poggendorff / BA 60. [I; 1136. Greg, 70. Greg questions this item and gives the date as August "23." Chladni, Ernst Florens Friedrich. "Neue Beiträge sur Kenntniss der Feuermeteore und der herabgefallenen Massen." Annalen der Physik und Chemie, s. 2 v. 6 (1826): 21-35, at 28. Chladni gives the date as "1824, den 23. August."]


[1824 Aug 23 /] 1824 Aug 13 / Dust from a black cloud over Buenos Aires and 40 leagues away discharged again. / Thomson, Intro to Metp. 158. [I; 1132. Thomson, David Purdie. Introduction to Meteorology. London: William Blackwood and Sons, 1849, 158. "...on the 13th of August 1824, dust fell from a black cloud, at the city of Mendoza, in Buenos Ayres,at the distance of forty leagues, the same cloud again discharged itself."]


1824 Sept. 2 / 6 p.m. / In Leeds Mercury, Sept 11, a writer says a bog had burst and denies that the muddy deluge had come from the interior of the earth. He says that more water poured out than the bog could have contained; so he thinks that a waterspout must have fallen upon the bog. According to another cor., the highlands of the moors had opened into two chasms and the phe. was the effect of an earthquake. / This muddy water was of volume so great that factories along the River Aire had to suspend some of their processes. / Sept 18th, that the river remained turbid for 10 daysthen another flood of black, boggy water from heavy rains raised the river 18 inches. But these flows of boggy water had never occurred before. Place was 9 miles from Keighley and 6 from Colneknown as Crow Hill. Ground not described as a bog but as a moor saturated with water so that it trembled under foot. Water drained from it in "small rivulets". The two "chasms" about same size were each ab 1200 yards circumference and 4 to 6 yards deep. Stones of "enormous size" were carried by the torrent. (This by the writer who denies that water came from inside earth.)  [I; 1137.1 to 1137.7. "Disruption of a Bog." Leeds Mercury, September 11, 1824, p. 3 c. 2. The second chasm was "much less in extent" than the dimensions given above. Bronte, P. "To the Editor of the Leeds Mercury." Leeds Mercury, September 18, 1824, p. 3 c. 5.]


1824 Sept 2 / At Haworth, near Leeds, Yorkshire, during th, storm, two chasms in a moor appeared and from it a mixture of mud and water in a flood from 40 to 70 yards wide. / L.T., Sept 9-2-e / Clouds copper-colored. At Leeds the water of river Aire so discolored by this mud that the people could not use it. [I; 1138.1, 1138.2. "Extraordinary Phenomenon." London Times, September 9, 1824, p. 2 c. 5.]


[1824 Sept 3. Wrong date. See: 1824 July 27, (I; 1139).]


1824 Sept 13 / St Petersburg / Fireball in daytime / BA 60. [I; 1140. Greg, 70.]


1824 Sept. 24 / Meleda / 205. [I; 1141. Humboldt, Alexander von. Elise Charlotte Otté, trans. Cosmos: a Sketch of a Physical Description of the Universe. London: H.G. Bohn, 1848, v. 1, 205. Although Humboldt gives the dates of "March, 1822, to September, 1824," for the period during which detonations were recorded at Meleda by Partsch, the phenomena were recorded until February 18, 1826. Partsch, Paul. Bericht über das Detonationsphaenomen auf der Insel Meleda bey Ragusa. Vienna: J.G. Heubner, 1826, 210-211. No reference is given to the phenomena on the date of September 24, (1824).]


1824 Sept / Pyrites / Orenburg / Rus. / (94). [I; 1142. Greg, Robert Philips. "Observations on Meteorolites or Aërolites, considered geographically, statistically, and cosmologically, accompanied by a complete catalogue." London, Edinburgh and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, s. 4 v. 8 (1854): 329-342, 449-463, at 463. These objects were described as hailstones "enclosing crystals of pyrites."]


1824 some days before Sept 16 / Near Orenburg / Annales de Chimie 30-431. [I; 1143. "Grèle extraordinaire."Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2 v. 30 (1825): 431-432. Eversmann, Eduard Friedrich. "Aërolithen-Hagel, beobachtet zu Sterlitamak, 200 Werst von Orenburg in Siberien." Archiv für die gesammte Naturlehre, 4 (1825): 196-198. "Hagel mit metallischem Kern." Annalen der Physik, 76 (1824): 340-341. Chladni, Ernst Florens Friedrich. "Neue Beiträge sur Kenntniss der Feuermeteore und der herabgefallenen Massen." Annalen der Physik und Chemie, s. 2 v. 6 (1826): 21-35, at 30-31. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 7 (July 1834): 289-308, at 303. Clarke gives the date of the fall at Sterlitamak as "October 20, 1824."]


1824 / Orenburg / Some of these crystals are in the Vienna Museum of Nat. Hist. / Sc Am 81/343. [I; 1144. Farrington, Oliver Cummings. "The Vienna Meteorite Collection." Scientific American, n.s., 81 (November 25, 1899): 343. "In connection with these are shown materials which have fallen from the atmosphere at different times but which are doubtless of terrestrial origin. Some of these are red dust from a red snow which fell in Switzerland in 1818, crystals of marcasite which formed the kernel of hail stones that fell in Russia in 1824, fragments of calcite the size of a pea that fell on the deck of a ship near San Domingo in 1822, and last of all a series of so-called pseudo-meteorites...."]


1824 Sept 29 / Philippines / q / III. [I; 1145. A class III earthquake. Milne, 702.]


1824 Oct. 14 / Zebrak, Horzowitz, Bohemia / Metite / (F). [I; 1146. Fletcher, 100. Greg, 70. This is the Zebrak meteorite.]


1824 Oct 20 / Sterlitamak, Russia / iron pyrites in hail / BA 60. [I; 1147. Greg, 70. Hermann, Rudolph. "Sur une Grêle qui contenait des noyaux minéraux." Annales des Mines, s. 3 v. 5 (1834): 519-520. Hermann, Rudolph. "Untersuchungen verschiedener in Russland gefallener meteorischer Substanzen." Annalen der Physik und Chemie, s. 2 v. 28 (1833): 566-576, at 570-574. Hermann, Rudolph. "Untersuchungen verschiedener in Russland gefallener meteorischer Substanzen." Bulletin de la Société impériale des naturalistes de Moscou, 5 (1832): 44-63, at 53-58.]


[1824 Oct 20. Wrong date. See: 1833 July 4, (I; 1148).]


1824 Oct. 20 / Moon / 5 a.m. / by Gruithuisen / On dark part of moon, an illumination from the Sea of Clouds to lat Copernicus / said be 250 miles by 125 / disap. / six minutes later, a pale light in southern extremity [of] the regionthen from 5:30 until daybreak, pulsations like those of this earth / said be auroral / Flammarion, Pop. Astro, p. 195 / Sc Am Sup 7/2712. [I; 1149.1, 1149.2. Flammarion, Camille. Astronomie populaire. Paris: C. Marpon et E. Flammarion, 1880, 195. Flammarion, Camille. "Is the Moon Inhabited?" Scientific American Supplement, 7 (nos. 169 and 170; March 29, and, April 5, 1879): 2696, 2711-2712, at 2712.]


1824 Oct 26 / Philippines / q / III. [I; 1150. A class III earthquake. Milne, 702.]


1824 Nov 13-14 / night / q and fireball / BA '54-162 / at Mayence. [I; 1151. Mallet, 162. Greg, 70.]


[1824 Nov. 15. Wrong date. See: 1824 Nov 30, (I; 1152).]


1824 Nov. 16 / Bonn / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1153. Greg, 70.]


1824 Nov. 27 / Prague / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1154. Greg, 70.]


1824 Nov. 27 / Aerolite? / See Nov. 29, 1809. [I; 1155. Fort refers to Capocci's list of aerolites falling at the end of November, in: 1809 Nov. 29, (I; 311). "Falling Stars." Athenæum, 1840 (no. 686; December 19): 1013.]


[1824 Nov 30 /] 1824 Nov. 15 / Martinique / 3:30 p.m. / q. / preceded by great heat which ceased after shock, and heavy rain started and fell for 10 days / BA 54. [I; 1152. Mallet, 163.]


1824 Nov. 30 / 3:30 p.m. / q. / Martinique, preceded by great heat which ceased with shock / BA 54. [I; 1156. Mallet, 163.]


1824 Nov 30 / Cosenza, Calabria / q followed by heavy rain / BA 54. [I; 1157. Mallet, 163.]


1824 Nov. 30 / In Antilles / violent q. / tremendous sound and torrents of rain though in dry season / C.R. 16-1292. [I; 1158. Perrey, Alexis. "Note historique sur les tremblements de terre des Antilles." Comptes Rendus, 16 (1843): 1283-1303, at 1292. "30 novembre, 3h30m du soir, aux Antilles, tremblement très-fort; bruit extraordinairement intense; refroidissement subit de l'atmosphère après la secoussel; puis raz de marée et pluies diluvialesl quoique dans la saison sèche."]


1824 Dec 6 / 2 p.m. / Shock / Portsmouth, England / An Reg '24-166. [I; 1159. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 66 (1824): 1-180, at 166, cv. "Earthquake." "...soon after the shock, a stratum of low electric clouds sprang up with the wind from the S.W...."]


1824 Dec 8, etc. / By Parry, in J / a brilliant meteor / 7:15 p.m., Dec 8 / Dec 9 / bet. 4 and 5 p.m. / another / Dec 12 / 5 meteors in 1/4 hour / Dec 14 / several / Parry, Journal of a Third Voyage, p. 72 / (KBR). [I; 1160. Parry, William Edward. Journal of a Third Voyage for the Discovery of a North-West Passage from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Philadelphia: H.C. Carey and I. Lea, 1826, 72-74.]


1824 Dec 10 / Mans, France / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1161. Greg, 70.]


1824 Dec 10 / [London Times] 10-2-c / 13-2-e / q / England. [I; 1162. "Earthquake in England." London Times, December 10, 1824, p. 2 c. 3. "Shock of an Earthquake." London Times, December 13, 1824, p. 2 c. 5. "...during the morning the sky had been filling with light clouds, and soon after the shock a stratum of low electric clouds sprang up with the wind from the S.W.; and the upper stratum changed from a gray to red and lake colours some time before the sun had set. If the shock was not caused by the fall of a meteorite upon the earth, it probably was the effect of the earth sinking somewhere in the southern part of England, in consequence of the great quantity of rain that has fallen during the last three months."]


1824 Dec 10-11 / q / Italy (Cosenza) / II / [Medium / BA 1911]. [I; 1163. A class II earthquake. Milne, 702.]


[1824 Dec 10-11 /] 1825 Dec 10 / Cosenza, Italy / q. / II / BA '11. [I; 1228. Milne, 702.]


1824 Dec 12 / By Parry, at Port Bowen, in the Arctic / 5 mets in 1/4 hour / BA 76-152. [I; 1164. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, George Forbes, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke, Walter Flight. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors during the year 1875-76." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1876, 119-171, at 152-153. Parry, William Edward. Journal of a Third Voyage for the Discovery of a North-West Passage from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Philadelphia: H.C. Carey and I. Lea, 1826, 73-74.]


1824 Dec. 15 /Magdeburg / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1165. Greg, 70.]


1824 Dec 17 / Neuhaus, Bohemia / Ac to Boguslauski, a resinous substance fell after a fireball. / BA 60. [I; 1166. Boguslawski, Georg von. "Zehnter Nachtrag zu Chladni's Verzeichnisse der Feuermeteore und herabgefallenen Massen (Wien 1819)." Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Ergänzungsband, 4 (1854): 1-155, 353-456, at 43. "1824 December 17  6½ Uhr Abends fiel zu Neuhaus in Böhmen eine brennende harzige, oder klebrige Masse mit einer Feuerkugel (Nachtr. 1)." Chladni, Ernst Florens Friedrich. "Neue Beiträge sur Kenntniss der Feuermeteore und der herabgefallenen Massen." Annalen der Physik und Chemie, s. 2 v. 6 (1826): 21-35, at 31. Greg, 70.]


[1824 Dec 17 /] 1834 Dec 17 / Neuhaus, Bohemia / Stones, ac to Boguslawski / BA 60. [I; 1945. Greg, 74. Boguslawski, Georg von. "Zehnter Nachtrag zu Chladni's Verzeichnisse der Feuermeteore und herabgefallenen Massen (Wien 1819)." Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Ergänzungsband, 4 (1854): 1-155, 353-456, at 43.]


1824 Dec 17 / Resin (?) / Bohemia / D-72. [I; 1167. The note copies information from page 72 of The Book of the Damned. Greg, 70.]


[1824 Dec 23. Wrong date. See: 1825 Dec 23, (I; 1168; and, I; 1231).]


1825:


1825 Jan. 2 / 5 a.m. / Valderno, Italy / ext. obj. / (3) / Sci. Gazette. 1825/99 / BA 60-70. [I; 1169.  (Scientific Gazette, 1825: 99.) Greg, 70. Greg gives the time in his remarks as "2 A.M."]


1825 Jan 2 / Arezzo / Fireball / W to E / 2 a.m. / BA 60. [I; 1170. Greg, 70. Thomson, David Purdie. Introduction to Meteorology. Edinburgh and London: W. Blackwood and Sons, 1849, 303-304. "Luminous Meteor." Annals of Philosophy, n.s. v. 12 (July 1826): 75-76. "Meteorologia." Antologia, 17 (February 1825): 134-135. Thomson gives the time as "2 A.M."; however, his source, (the Antologia article), gives the time as 5 A.M.]


1825 Jan. 2 / ab 5 a.m. / Tuscany / Great fireball and before and after many mets. / A. J. Sci 2/33/290. [I; 1171. Herrick, Edward Claudius. "Shooting Stars of January 2, 1862."American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 33 (1862): 290-291.]


1825 Jan 2 / 5 a.m. / Great abundance of meteors / Italy / Nature 65-199. [I; 1172. Henry, John R. "The Quadrantid Meteors." Nature, 65 (January 2, 1902): 198-199.]


1825 Jan 2 / Morning shower of mets at Tuscany, Italy / Proc. Amer Phil. Soc. 13-501. [I; 1173. Kirkwood, Daniel. "On the Meteors of January 2nd." Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 13 (1873): 501-502.]


1825 Jan 13 / Martinique / q and great heat up to moment of q. / BA 54. [I; 1174. Mallet, 164.]


1825 Jan 16 / evening / Oriang, India / Metite / BA '60. [I; 1175. Greg, 70.]


1825 Jan 17 / Bromberg / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1176. Greg, 70.]


1825 Jan 18, 21 / Iceland / q / II. [I; 1177. A class II earthquake. Milne, 702.]


1825 Jan 19 / qtorrents / Violent q / Ionian Islands / immediately afterward a heavy shower of rain / An. Reg 25-8. [I; 1178. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 67 (1825): 1-188, at 8, cv. "Earthquake in Santa Maura."]


[1825 Jan 19 /] 1824 Jan 19 / bet 11 a.m. and noon. / Q, Ionian Islands, followed by heavy rain which lasted several days. / BA 54. [I; 1104. Mallet, 164.]


1825 Jan 19 / Sand600 miles off coast of Africa / Gent. Magaz, March, 1825. [I; 1179. "Singular Phenomenon." Gentleman's Magazine, 95 pt. 1 (March 1825): 223. "Transport de poussières à de grandes distances par le vent."Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2 v. 30 (1825): 430-431. The British vessel Clyde was covered with brown-colored sand.]


1825 Jan 19 / Greece and Albania / q / III. [I; 1180. A class III earthquake. Milne, 702.]


1825 Jan 22 / Light near Aristarchus / same as Kater'sby Rev. J. B. Emmet / An Phil 28/338. [I; 1181.  Emmett, J.B. "Telescopic Observations on the Moon." Annals of Philosophy, n.s., 12 (1826): 337-342, at 338.]


1825 Jan 24 / Konigsberg / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1182. Greg, 70.]


1825 Jan 24 / Oaxaca, Mexico / q. / I. [I; 1183. A class I earthquake. Milne, 702.]


1825 Jan 25 (?) / Pebbles / Orenburg, Russia / 94. [I; 1184. "Aërolites contained in hail." Quarterly Journal of Science and the Arts, Royal Institution of Great Britain, n.s., 4 (October to December, 1828): 447. "It is said by M. Nelioubin, that hailstones fell in the month of January, 1825, in the circle of Sterletamak, in the government of Orenbourg, which contained small stones...."  Neljubin, Alexander. "Chemische Untersuchung kleiner Aëroliten, die innerhalb der Hagelkörner enthalten waren, welche im Sterlitamak'schen Kreise des Orenburg'schen Gouvernement's aus der Luft niedersielen." Archiv für die gesammte Naturlehre, 10 (1827): 378-387.]


1825 Feb 3 / Nurenburg / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1185. Greg, 70.]


1825 Feb 4 / Cassell / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1186. Greg, 70.]


1825 Feb 8, 12, 13, 15, 16, 18, 19, 22, 26, 28 Meleda / BA '54. [I; 1187. Mallet, 166.]


1825 Feb. 10 / (F) / MetiteNanjemoy, Maryland / A. J. Sci 9-351 / ab noon / Concussions 25 miles away / was thought an earthquake. / See 1829. [I; 1188. Carver, Samuel D. "Notice of a Meteoric Stone, which fell at Nanjemoy, Maryland, Februry 10th, 1825." American Journal of Science, 9 (1825): 351-353. Copied in: Carver, Samuel D. "Notice of a Meteoric Stone, which fell at Nanjemoy, Maryland, Februry 10th, 1825." Philosophical Magazine, 67 (February1826): 102-104. Chilton, George. "Analysis of the Maryland Aërolite." Philosophical Magazine, 67 (February1826): 104-107. Silliman, Benjamin. "Additional Notice of the Physical Characters of the Maryland Aërolite." Philosophical Magazine, 67 (February 1826): 107-109. Fletcher, 100. This is the Nanjemoy meteorite. Greg, 70.]


1825 March 2 / N. W. Africa / q. / III. [I; 1189. A class III earthquake. Milne, 702.]


1825 March 2-7 / Tremendous q's / Algiers / An Reg '25-26. 7,000 bodies dug out of wreck of one townpreceding it all wells had gone dry. / BA '11. [I; 1190. Mallet, 166. A class III earthquake. Milne, 702. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 67 (1825): 1-188, at 26, cv. "Earthquake."]


1825 Ap 17 / Slight quakes Lunroe, Norway / but great qs and volc eruptions, Java, Borneo, Celebes / BA 54. [I; 1191. Mallet, 166. The volcano Banda Api erupted on April 22, 1824.]


1825 May 9 / Wirtemberg / sic / Meteor "with detonation?" / BA '60-100. [I; 1192. Greg, 100.]


1825 May 12 / Bayden, Wiltshire / Metite? / BA, '60. [I; 1193. Greg, 71. Chladni, Ernst Florens Friedrich. "Neue Beiträge sur Kenntniss der Feuermeteore und der herabgefallenen Massen." Annalen der Physik und Chemie, s. 2 v. 8 (1826): 45-60, at 49.]


1825 May 19 / 4 h / Venus / Inf. conjunction / (Al). [I; 1194. Inferior conjunction of Venus. Nautical Almanac and Astronomical Ephemeris, 1825, 52.]


1825 June 14 / Volc / Goentoer, Java / N.M. / C.R. 70-878. [I; 1195. Backer, 880. The Guntur volcano.]


1825 July 5 / (Fish) / During a violent rainstorm at Kingwood, N.J., a sunfish 4 inches long fell into a backyard. / Niles Weekly Register, Aug. 27. [I; 1196. "Chronicle." Niles' Weekly Register, 28 (August 27, 1825): 415-416, at 416, cv. Trenton, July 30. "During a violent storm of rain on the 5th inst. in Kingwood, N.J. a sunfish, four inches long, fell into the yard of Nathaniel Archley, and was immediately taken up alive by him and placed in a tub of water where it swam about, right glad, apparently, to get into its native element. How this fish came there, we are at a loss to divine, as the place where it fell was more than a mile from any stream of water, and no person was near, save those who saw it as soon as it reached the earth, and who are willing to attest the truth of the foregoing singular occurrence."]


1825 July 5 / Spain / "Perhaps hailstones" / BA 60. [I; 1197. Greg, 70.]


1825 July 5 / (C) / Torrescillas del Campo, Spain / 2 p.m. / Many stones fellsaid to have struck near 2 horses in fields. / Phipson, "Meteors," p. 44. [I; 1198. Phipson, Thomas Lamb. Meteors, Aerolites, and Falling Stars. London: L. Reeve, 1867, 44-45. "Aérolithes." Annales de Chimie et de Physique, s. 2 v. 30 (1825): 421-422, at 422. Chladni, Ernst Florens Friedrich. "Continuation of the New Catalogue of Meteorites." Philosophical Magazine, 67 (March 1826): 179-181, at 180. Chladni dismissed these stones as hail: "The pretended rain of stones mentioned in the newspapers as having fallen near Torresilla de Carneros in Spain, the 25th of July 1825, seems to have been nothing but common hail, of which pieces weighed as much as from 5 to 16 ounces." "London, Monday, August 1, 1825." British Press, (London), August 1, 1825, p. 2 c. 2-4. "We learn by letters from Madrid that a shower of stones had fallen at Torrecilla de Carneros on the 5th of last month. Stones weighing from two ounces to half a pound have been picked up. Great damage has been done, but principally among the cattle." Greg, 70-71. Greg suggests "perhaps hailstones." There are several villages and towns named "Torrecilla" and "Tordesillas" in Spain, but none apparently identified as "Torrescillas del Campo"; but, it may have been Torrecilla en Cameros.]


1825 July 25 / at Marseilles / Comet discovered in Taurus / LT, Aug 9-2-c. [I; 1199. "On the 25th ult...." London Times, August 9, 1825, p. 2 c. 3. Comet C/1825 N1 was discovered by Jean-Louis Pons, on July 18, 1825.]


1825 July 28 / Cherson, Russia / Metite / BA '60. [I; 1200. Greg, 70.]


[1825 Aug 13. Wrong date. See: 1823 Aug 13, (I; 1201).]


1825 Aug 22 / Fireball / seen all over Holland / BA 60. [I; 1202. Greg, 70.]


1825 latter part of Aug. / ab 11 p.m. / Holland / blue light in / LT, Sept 26-2-f. [I; 1203. "Extraordinary Meteor." London Times, September 26, 1825, p. 2 c. 6. "...a singular aerial phenomenon took place at 11 o'clock in the evening, viza very considerable blue light was seen, which gave a most extraordinary appearance to all surrounding objects...." This undated illumination was probably caused by the fireball of August 22, (I; 1202).]


1825 Sept 10 / Liancourt, France / Fireball / 2/3 moon / N.E. to S.W. / BA 60. [I; 1204. Greg, 70.]


1825 Sept 17-18 / night / New comet discovered at Amsterdam, in Taurus / L.T., Oct 1-2-d. [I; 1205. "Accounts from Amsterdam...." London Times, October 1, 1825, p. 2 c. 4. This brief item provides some observations of Comet C/1825 N1 in the Netherlands.]


1825 Sept 20 / Hanover / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1206. Greg, 70.]


1825 Sept 20 / q. / Trinidad / BA '11/55. [I; 1207. Milne, 702. Mallet, 168.]


1825 Sept 20 / Trinidad, W.I. / q. / II. [I; 1208. A class II earthquake. Milne, 702.]


1825 Sept 20 / Demerara / q and sudden gust of wind / BA 54. [I; 1209. Mallet, 168. Demerara was a British colony and became part of Guyana.]


1825 Sept 24 / Leipzig / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1210. Greg, 70.]


1825 Sept 26 / 2:20 p.m. / Chile / q. / A. J. Sci 2/12/426. [I; 1211. Budge, R. "On the Great Earthquake experienced in Chile, April 2, 1851." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 12 (1851): 424-426, at 426. "Communication relative to the Great Earthquake experienced in Chile, April 2, 1851." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1851, Notices and Abstracts, 85-86.]


1825 Sept 27 / Honolulu. / (F). [I; 1212. Fletcher, 100. This is the Honolulu meteorite.]


1825 October / q / Persia / II. [I; 1213. A class II earthquake. Milne, 702.]


1825 Oct 17 / Prague / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1214. Greg, 70.]


1825 Oct 19 / Berlin / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1215. Greg, 70.]


1825 Oct 22 / Höxter / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1216, Greg, 70.]


1825 Oct 27 / Italy (Campbasso) / q / I. [I; 1217. A class I earthquake. Milne, 702.]


1825 Nov. / Great met / Ohio / BA 60. [I; 1218. Greg, 71.]


1825 Nov. 3 / L.T., Nov 30, 1825 / Thionville, France / In a storm in the forest of Calenhoven, a cloud of fire that appeared in t[he] forest and then traversed the horizon from north to south, followed by profound darkness. [I; 1219. "A very remarkable meteorological phenomenon...." London Times, November 30, 1825, p. 2 c. 3. "A very remarkable meteorological phenomenon took place of the 3d of this month in the forest of Calenhoven, in the arrondissement of Thionville. A waggoner, returning from Sierck to Filstroff, was passing through the forest beween six and seven o'clock in the evening, He had arrived within three-quarters of a league of Laumesfeld, when, during a violent storm, accompanied with thunder, the forest appeared to be suddenly on fire from one extremity to the other, and continued so for a quarter of an hour. The horses being terrified, became violently restive, and one of them breaking his harness, took flight and ran to the village, where, being met by several persons, they conjectured some accident had befallen the conductor. They proceeded immediately to the forest, and on approaching it perceived a cloud of fire traversing the horizon in a direction from north to south. The most dense and profound darkness succeeded the apparition. The waggoner whom they were in search of, responded to their calls, and was discovered in a state of such terrible apprehension, that some time elapsed before he could recover himself sufficiently to answer their questions, and explain the cause of his horror.Journal de Moselle."]


1825 Nov 4 / Halle / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1220. The fireball is listed in Greg's catalog, ("60"), not Mallet's, ("54"). Greg, 71.]


1825 Nov 9 / Pils / F. ball / [BA] '60. [I; 1221. The fireball is listed in Greg's catalog, ("60"), not Mallet's, ("54"). Greg, 71.]


1825 Nov 14 / Leith / F. ball / [BA] 60. [I; 1222. The fireball is listed in Greg's catalog, ("60"), not Mallet's, ("54"). Greg, 71.]


1825 Nov. 22 / A met train near the comet at Calcutta / BA '50-120 / E to W. [I; 1223. Greg, 71.]


1825 Dec. 1 / Berlin / F. ball / [BA] '60. [I; 1224. The fireball is listed in Greg's catalog, ("60"), not Mallet's, ("54"). Greg, 71.]


1825 Dec 1 / (Ch) / Luminous body, size moon / Berlin / disap. / no change place / C-30 / Arago, "Oeuvres 11/575. [I; 1225. Arago, François. Oeuvres Complètes de François Arago. Paris: Gide, 1859, v. 11, 575. Greg, 71.]


1825 Dec 5 / q. / China / II. [I; 1226. A class II earthquake. Milne, 702.]


1825 Dec 10 / Halle / F. ball / [BA] '60. [I; 1227. The fireball is listed in Greg's catalog, ("60"), not Mallet's, ("54"). Greg, 71.]


[1825 Dec 10. Wrong date. See: 1825 Dec 10-11, (I; 1228).]


1825 Dec 18 / Frankfort-on-Main / F. ball / [BA] '60. [Il 1229. The fireball is listed in Greg's catalog, ("60"), not Mallet's, ("54"). Greg, 71.]


1825 Dec 23 / 5 a.m. / q. / Strasburg, etc. / "An extraordinary bellowing sound had been heard in the air between 3 and 4 a.m. / BA '54. [I; 1230. Mallet, 169.]


1825 Dec 23 / At Strasburg, "an extraordinary bellowing sound in the air," bet 3 and 4 a.m. At 5, a strong q. / BA 54. [I; 1231. Mallet, 169.]


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              

[1825 Dec 23/] 1824 Dec 23 / At Strasburg "an extraordinary bellowing sound in the air" bet 3 & 4 AM. At 5 a strong quake. BA '54. [I; 1168. Pabst: "Original note missing / copied from The Fortean, no. 8, p. 16, c. 1." This note incorrectly appears as "1824 Dec 23," in Thayer's and Pabst's published copies. Mallet, 169.]

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