Last updated: January 24, 2017. - Fortean Notes

Go to content

Main menu:

Last updated: January 24, 2017.

Charles Hoy Fort's Notes


1831 to 1835


1831:


1831 Jan - Feb / Messina / I / [Light quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1582. Milne, 704.]


1831 Jan 2 / q / Italy (Basilicata) / BA '11. [I; 1583. Milne, 704.]


1831 Jan 2 / 3 a.m. / Aerolite in village of Mangapatnam, Cadapah, India / Trans Bombay Geo Soc 9/199. [I; 1584. Malcolmson, J.G. "Notice of the Fall of an Aërolite." Gleanings in Science, 3 (1831): 389. Buist, George. "Notices of the most remarkable Meteors in India of the fall of which accounts have been published." Transactions of the Bombay Geographical Society, 9 (1849-1850): 197-230, at 199.]


1831 Jan 7 / A / France / A.J.S. 20/396. [I; 1585. "Aurora Borealis at Paris." American Journal of Science, 20 (1831): 396.]


1831 Jan. 7 / Auroral phe? / Germany / Nature 27-297. [I; 1586. Groneman, H.J.H. "Remarks On and Observations of the Meteoric Auroral Phenomenon of November 17, 1882." Nature, 27 (January 25, 1883): 296-298. This is the same date that Herapath discovered the Great Comet of 1831 (C/1831 A1). "A Letter from Mr. Herapath to the President, announcing the discovery of a comet." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2 (1831): 6-7.]


1831 Jan 12 / Berlin / F. ball / BA '60. [I; 1587. Greg, 72.]


[1831 Jan 13] / Disap / Extraord / LT, 1831, Jan 13-2-f. [A; 93. "Extraordinary and Mysterious Disappearance of an Orphan Boy." London Times, January 13, 1831, p. 2 c. 6. A destitute orphan, John Hopkins, was found wandering near Westminster Abbey, on December 28th, told police of being dismissed from a farm, near Liverpool, robbed, and his search for an uncle in London. He was found a place to stay, but, disappeared, while on an errand to buy some eggs, on January 4th. On that same evening, another older lad showed up at the house, said that a man sent him for a servant's job, but was sent away. The orphan's story of his dismissal was found to be true, and his few belongings were left behind. Police thought that he had again fallen prey to thieves and villains, (in a brief tale that predates Charles Dickens' Oliver Twist).]


1831 Jan 28 / Gotha / F. ball / BA 60. [I; 1588. Greg, 72.]


1831 Feb. 12 / Solar eclipse / A. J. Sci. 22-189. [I; 1589. "A report of observations on the Solar Eclipses of Feb. 12, 1831." American Journal of Science, 22 (1832): 189-190.]


1831 Feb 19 to 25 / Etna / BA '54/224. [I; 1590. Mallet, 224.]


1831 Ap 12 / See May 19, 1806. / Reported by a sea captain at 0° 22' S and 23° 27 W. / rumbling sound and sharp shock to vessel. [I; 1591. See: 1806 May 19, (I; 182). Daussy, Pierre. "Note sur l'existence probable d'un volcan sous-marin situé par environ 0°20' de latitude sud, et 22° de longitude ouest." Comptes Rendus, 6 (April 16, 1838): 512-516, at 515. The ship was the Eagle. Mallet, Robert. "Fourth Report upon the Facts and Theory of Earthquake Phenomena." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1858, 1-136, at 20.]


[1831 Ap. 13. Wrong date. See: 1851 Ap. 13, (I; 1592).]


1831 May / 2nd attack on K Hauser. [A; 94.]


1831 May 7 / Hail / 3 inches circumference / Ohio, Ky. / Niles' Register, 21st. [I; 1593. "Hail storm." Niles' Weekly Register, 40 (May 21, 1831): 195.]


1831 May 7 / Tornado / S. Car. / Niles Register, 21st. [I; 1594. "Dreadful tornado." Niles' Weekly Register, 40 (May 21, 1831): 195-196.]


1831 May 13 / Vouillé (Vienne) / stonefall / C.R. 58/226 / (F) / Poitiers, ac to F. [I; 1595. Fletcher, 100. This is the Vouillé meteorite. Vouillé is about 60 kilometers east of Poitiers, midway between Poitiers and La Rochelle. Daubrée, Gabriel-Auguste. "Note sur deux aérolithes, l'un tombé à Vouillé (Vienne), le 13 mai 1831, et  offert au Muséum d'Histoire naturelle par la ville de Poitiers; l'autre tombé à Mascombes, départment de la Correze, le 31 Janvier 1836, et dont la chute était restée sans publicité." Comptes Rendus, 58 (1864): 226-230, at 227-229.]


1831 May 13 [July 28] / (Fr) / Vouillé / Metite and 3 dets. / BA 67/416. [I; 1619. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1866-67." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1867, 288-430, at 416. The Vouillé meteorite fell during the night of May 13 to 14 and was found the next day.]


1831 May 13 [July 18] / Poitiers, France / stone weighing 40 lbs / Greg asks whether May 13. / (See.) / Ba 60. [I; 1613. Greg, 73.]


1831 May 13 / Particulars / Metite / (Vienne) / particulars. / La S. P. Tous 9-93. [I; 1596. Daubrée, Gabriel-Auguste. "Note sur deux aérolithes." La Science Pour Tous, 9 (no. 12; February 18, 1864): 93. See: 1831 May 13, (I; 1595).]


1831 May 26 / 11:18 a.m. / Shocks, Genoese Coast (Italy) // 11:15 a.m. / Marseilles /// BA 54. [I; 1597. Mallet, 225. Milne, 704.]


1831 May 26 / It Sounds / Sound phe / See 1816. [I; 1598. Cancani, Adolfo. "Rombi sismici." Bollettino della Società Sismologica Italiana, 7 (1901-1902): 23-47, at 38. See: 1816, (I; 547).]


1831 May 13 / B.M. / Fletcher / Metite / Ap. 13, 1831 / Vouille, France / May 13, 1831 / F. [I; 1599. Fletcher, 100. This is the Vouillé meteorite.]

1831 June 11 / Clinton Co., N.Y. / Tornado / Finley's Rept. [I; 1600. Clinton Co., New York, (not "Tenn."). Finley, 3.]


1831 June 28 / 5 p.m. / shocks / Sicily / BA 54. [I; 1601. Mallet, 225-226.]


1831 June 28 to July 2 / (to Oct the effects) / Submarine volc before ap. of island of Ferdinandea. Then increased activity. Said that the volcanic materials formed the island. / At Palermo, the haze noticed July 23, 24, 25 and again Aug 4, 5, 6. Upon Aug 8, the sun was whitish blue and there were afterglows. The, 5 dates in Aug. and 3 in Sept and 2 in Oct, afterglows noted at Palermo. / C.R. 102-1061. [I; 1602.1, 1602.2. Riccò, Annibale. "L'île Ferdinandea, le soleil bleu et les crépuscules de 1831." Comptes Rendus, 102 (1886): 1060-1063, at 1061. The red afterglows were observed of August 19, 25, 26, 26 and 29, on September 10, 17, and 18, and, on October 4 and 5, of 1831. The Campi Flegrei Mar Sicilia volcano.]


1831 July 2 /—Sicily // 13—Parma // 14—Parma // shocks /// BA 54. [I; 1603. Mallet, 226.]


1831 July 5 / Cannonading heard at Schmaleninken. Attributed to a battle between General Gielgud against Tolstoy and Rennenkampt. / Jour des Deb., 20-2-1 / Not heard on the 6th. / War between Poland and Russia—in Deb. 17-1-3, said that Gielgud was on 5th "Au dela de Memel. [I; 1604.1, 1604.2. "On lit dans la Gazette officielle de Berlin du 13 juillet...." Journal des Debats, July 20, 1831, p. 2 c. 1. "Frontières de Lithuanie, 8 Juillet," and, "Prusse." Journal des Debats, July 17, 1831, p. 1 c. 3. During the Polish-Russian War of 1830-1831, the sounds heard at Smalininkai, (now, in Lithuania), were believed to be due the cannon from a battle between the forces of Polish general Antoni Gielgud against the Russians, somewhere nearby; but, after a failed assault at Vilnius, Gielgud's forces were, at that time, en route to Memel, (Klaipėda), far from Smalininkai, and not in any battle.]


1831 July 9 / G's island/ See Jan 3, 1832. [I; 1605. See: 1832 Jan 3, (I; 1667). The Campi Flegrei Mar Sicilia volcano.]


1831 July 9 / The new island/ Niles' Register (* DA), vol 41, p. 71, 77, 327, 438. [I; 1606. "Submarine Explosion." Niles' Weekly Register, 40 (September 24, 1831): 71. "Appearance of a New Island in the Mediterranean." Niles' Weekly Register, 40 (October 1, 1831): 77. "The New Island." Niles' Weekly Register, 40 (December 31, 1831): 327. "Miscellaneous." Niles' Weekly Register, 40 (February 11, 1832): 438. "*DA" is the shelfmark for Niles' Weekly Register at the New York Public Library. The Campi Flegrei Mar Sicilia volcano.]


1831 July 9 / Grahams Island—see Lyell's Principles of Geology. [I; 1607. Lyell, Charles. Principles of Geology. 4th edition. London: John Murray, 1835, v. 2 , 199-205. 11th edition. London: John Murray, 1872, v. 2, 58-63. Lyell gives the date as July 10. The Campi Flegrei Mar Sicilia volcano.]  


1831 July 9 / Ship Crawford, 16 miles from Sicily—submarine volc eruption. / Niles Register, Sept 24 / New island seen next day from another vessel (N. Reg, Oct. 1). / See Jan 3, 1832. [I; 1608. "Submarine Explosion." Niles' Weekly Register, 40 (September 24, 1831): 71."Appearance of a New Island in the Mediterranean." Niles' Weekly Register, 40 (October 1, 1831): 77. See: 1832 Jan 3, (I; 1667). The Campi Flegrei Mar Sicilia volcano.]


1831 July 13 / The New Island—Graham Island—southern shore of Sicily / Phil Trans. 1832-237 / was first seen on 13th / was a volcanic crater. [I; 1609. Davy, John. "Some Account of a New Volcano in the Mediterranean." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 122 (1832): 237-249. The Campi Flegrei Mar Sicilia volcano.]


1831 July 14 / Many shocks, Murray Bay, Gulf of St. Lawrence. Preceded by subterranean noise which seemed to come from N or N.W. / BA 54. [I; 1610. Mallet, 226.]


1831 July 15 / Clermont, etc. / 4 p.m. / tremendous storm / great fall of hail / Sheep swept away by torrents. / Jour des 'Deb, July 19. [I; 1611. "On écrit de Clermont, 16 juilliet." Journal des Debats, July 19, 1831, p. 2 c. 2-3.]


1831 July 18 / q's / June and July / II [Medium] / BA 11 / Sciacca (Girgenti). [I; 1612. Milne, 704.]


[1831 July 18. Wrong date; see: 1831 May 13.]


1831 July 18 / Tuscany / "A meteoric detonation in air?" / BA 60. [I; 1614. The meteoric detonation is listed in Greg's catalog, ("60"), not Mallet's, ("54"). Greg, 73.]


1831 July 18 / (q) / Foligno, Tuscany, Italy / Metite. / BA 60. / See May 16, '34. [I; 1615. Greg, 73. See: 1834 May 16, (I; 1875). Greg lists this as a meteoric detonation; but, a quake is not mentioned here.]


1831 July 20 / Cayuga Co., N.Y. / Tornado / Finley's Rept. [I; 1616. Finley, 3.]


[1831 July 27. Wrong date; see: 1831 August 27, (I; 1617).]


1831 July 27, 28, 29 / Celebration in Paris / Cannon fire, etc. / J. des Deb 26-1-3. [I; 1618. "M. le préfet de la Seine...." Journal des Debats, July 26, 1831, p. 1 c. 3 & p. 2 c. 1.]


[1831 July 28. Wrong date; see: 1831 May 13.]


1831 August / Month of lurid sunsets, Malta and Sicily, attrib to dust from the new volcano of Graham Island. / Phil Trans 1832-252. [I; 1620. Davy, John. "Further Notice of the New Volcano in the Mediterranean." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 122 (1832): 251-253.]


1831 Aug / Blue sun / See Oct. 12. [I; 1621. See: 1831 Oct 12, (I; 1648).]


1831 Aug. 4 / A "waterspout" burst upon the Clidagh Mts (Kerry), Ireland. A flood 15 feet deep and 900 wide poured down. Not said any waterspout seen. / Gents Mag 101/2/168. [I; 1622. "Domestic Occurrences." Gentleman's Magazine, 101 pt. 2 (August 1831): 168-170, at 168, c.v. "Ireland." "The flood at its height appeared like an arm of the sea; its depth in the valley from 15 to 16 feet, and its breadth upwards of 300 yards."]


1831 Aug 14 / Shock near Naples while Vesuvius in eruption / BA 54. [I; 1623. Mallet, 226.]


1831 Aug 17 / Sat., Sun and Monday before // At Mobile / Bluish or greenish sun. Mornings and bet 5 and 6 p.m. / Am J. Sci 21/198. [I; 1624. "Singular Phenomenon." American Journal of Science, 21 (1832): 198. Quoting the Mobile Register of August 17: "On Saturday last, between five and six o'clock P.M., the attention of our citizens was attracted by the extraordinary appearance of the sun. The predominating color of the rays of light which it transmitted, was a pale blue or violet, varying occasionally from that to a sea green. A large spot, apparently of the size of a dollar, was also visible to the naked eye on its lower limb. On Sunday morning it exhibited the same unusual appearance, casting a bluish shade over the objects on which it shone; and at 6 o'clock on Monday evening its whole face was of a pale green color. It was not seen yesterday."]


1831 Aug 3 / —Africa // 9—Russia and France // 10—Paris // 15—New York // 31—China /// fog like the Siberian / La Sci Pour Tous 19/58 / See May, 1822. [I; 1625. Bresson, Gédéon. "Les Offuscations du Soleil." La Science Pour Tous, 14 (no. 8; January 23, 1869): 57-58. See: 1822 May 21, (I; 948).]


1831 Aug 12 / At Philadelphia, for a long time after sunset, "the Western heavens seemed like one vast sea of crimson flame, lit up by some invisible agent". Then not a star to be seen but the moon was visible, "green and ghastly". The same phenomenon at New York and "by many attributed to burning meadows in the direction of Newark. / N. Y. American, Aug 16, '31. [I; 1626.1, 1626.2. (New York American, August 16, 1831.)]


1831 Aug 3 / Blue sun / Bermuda ' YB '41/267 // Upon th 11th, great q and hurricane throughout West Indies—not Bermuda. / BA '11. // At Barbadoes—Hurricane, q and volcanic eruption. 3000 persons perished. / BA 54. [I; 1627. "Blue Sun." Timbs' Year-book of Facts in Science and Art, 1841, 262-263. Mallet, 226. Milne, 704.]


1831 Aug 3 / La Sci Pour Tous 14-58—a dry fog was first observed upon coast of Africa. / 9—Odessa and central France / 10—Paris / 15—New York / end month—Canton, China // Said that the most extraordinary thing was that this smoke or dry fog seemed to disappear in part with the setting of the sun and to return at sunrise—nights very clear and stars very visible—that some fog remained and was phosphorescent and appeared to occupy the higher regions of the atmosphere. [I; 1628.1, 1628.2, 1628.3. Bresson, Gédéon. "Les Offuscations du Soleil." La Science Pour Tous, 14 (no. 8; January 23, 1869): 57-58. Roche, Édouard Albert. Recherches sur les Offuscations du Soleil et les Meteores Cosmiques. Paris: Leiber, 1868, 55.]


1831 Aug 3 / Ac to M. Arago, in "The Comet" (p. 13 of translation), on coast of Africa, sun not visible until 15 or 20 degrees above horizon. "At night the sky sometimes became clear, and even the stars were visible. This last circumstance, [so] worthy of remark, I have received from M. Berard, one of the best informed officers of the French Navy." [I; 1629.1, 1629.2. Arago, François. Gold, Charles, tr. The Comet. New York: J. Winchester, 1843, 13.]


1831 Aug 9, etc. / Nothing in Jour des Debats. [I; 1630.]


1831 Aug 10 W. Indies / Great hurricane and "innumerable fireballs" / A. J. Sci 35-174 / At Barbadoes, ac to another quotation. [I; 1631. Herrick, Edward Claudius. "Report on the Shooting Stars of the 9th and 10th of August, 1838." American Journal of Science, 35 (1838-1839): 167-174, at 173-174. Alexander, James Edward. Transatlantic Sketches. London: Richard Bentley, 1833, v. 1, 173. "The lightning flashed tremendously in their eyes, and appeared to strike the ground only a few yards from them; but such was the roar of the wind, that the thunder could not be heard. Innumerable fire-balls were seen to fall from the clouds." Reid, William. An Attempt to Develop the Law of Storms.... 1st ed. London: John Weale, 1838, 29. 3rd edition. London: John Weale, 1850, 27. "Fiery meteors were presently seen falling from the heavens; one in particular, of a globular form and a deep red hue, was observed by the writer to descend perpendicularly from a vast height. It evidently fell by its specific gravity, and was not shot or propelled by any extraneous force. On approaching the earth with accelerated motion, it assumed a dazzling whiteness and an elongated form; and dashing to the ground in Beckwith-square, opposite to the stores of Messrs. H.D. Grierson and Co., it splashed around in the same manner as melted metal would have done, and was instantly extinct."]


1831 Aug 10 / Barbados / Evening of the 10th, clouds collecting in deep masses and then flying away "with a rapidity of motion almost incredible" until 9 p.m. Then calm—then at 10:30 wind again with increasing violence until 5 a.m. of 11th (this was the hurricane). / N. Y. American, Sept. 5 / There is no volcano eruption mentioned. "Hollow subterranean noises were also heard and some imagine we were visited by an earthquake." // On 12th in St. Domingo many lives lost—oceans rose and flooded towns. / American, Sept 13 // Hurricane reached New Orleans on 16th and 17th. / Amer—Sept 15 / Cuba on 13th. If it was all one. [I; 1632.1, 1632.2, 1632.3. (N.Y. American, Sept. 5 & 15, 1831).]


1831 Aug 10 / Sch / night / Hurricane / Barbados / (Schomburgk, History of Barbados, page 53) / Morning, all trees blown leafless / Thunder and lightning "more like sheets of fire". Extreme redness of the sky on evening of the 9th—"The whole atmosphere at one time presented the appearance of livid flame." Overpowering sulphurous odor. Then "fiery meteors were seen falling from the heavens." Next morning 12 vessels high inland. Debris and heads, hands, and feet of the dead. / No volcano. [I; 1633.1, 1633.2, 1633.3. Schomburgk, Robert Hermann. The History of Barbados. London: Longman, Brown Green and Longman, 1848, 53-60.]


1831 Aug 11 / W. Indies / q / III [Heavy] / and hurricane / [BA 1911]. [I; 1634. Milne, 704.]


1831 Aug 11 / Bermuda / Said sunlight been peculiar on 10th. On 11th—dark from early morning. / Rept B.A., 1840-11. [I; 1635. "Extract of a Letter from Col. Reid to Sir D. Brewster." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1840, Notices and Abstracts, 10-11.]


1831 Aug 11 / from 2:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. / Hurricane / West Indies. Barbados hurricane, q and volc. eruption. 3000 persons perished. / Rept. B.A., 1854-226. [I; 1636. Mallet, 226.]


1831 Aug 11 / Blue sun at Bermuda. / Said that early in August, blue sun for some days in succession along the Atlantic Coast. / Jour F Inst 3/1/57. [I; 1637. "On a Blue Sun seen at Bermuda." Journal of the Franklin Institute, s. 3 v. 1 (1841): 57. "Early in August, 1831, though I cannot now fix the date, the sun was seen of this colour for some days in succession along the Atlantic Coast."]


1831 Aug 13 / Sun as seen at Alexandria / Va? / Niles Weekly Register, Oct 1, 1831, p. 96. [I; 1638. Hallowell, Benjamin. "The Solar Phenomena." Niles' Weekly Register, 41 (October 1, 1831): 96.]


[1831 August 27 /] 1831 July 27 / (Fr) / Besancon (Doubs) / qs and explosive sounds / BA '54 or '60. [I; 1617. Mallet, 226.]


1831 Sept - Oct / China / qs / II [Medium] / BA '11. [I; 1639. Milne, 704.]


1831 Sept. 6 - Nov. 1 / Wartmann's planet / C.R. 2/307 / (3) / Planetary object observed ac. Dr W and his assistants at Geneva. [I; 1640. "Lettre de M. Wartmann, de Genève, à M. Arago, sur un astre ayant l'aspect d'une étoile et qui cependant était doué d'un mouvement propre." Comptes Rendus, 2 (1836): 307-311. Louis François Wartmann thought that he had discovered a star-like object with a proper motion, in 1831, and that the same object might have been observed by Niccolò Cacciatore, between May 11 and 14, 1835, before it was lost behind clouded skies. See: 1835 May 11 and 14, (I; 2000). If not a stationary nova nor a rapid comet, Wartmann suggested the object was another slow-moving planet beyond Uranus. "Il semblerait plus probable que ce point imperceptible est une planète, qui decrit autour du Soleil une orbite dont le rayon est considérable, ce qui expliquerait tout-à-la-fois la petitesse de l'arc parcouru, et comment la planète a pu rester rétrograde pendant 86 jours, qui ont dû s'écouler depuis le moment do son opposition, vers le 7 aout, jusqu'à l'observation du 1er novembre." Estimating its distance by the Titius-Bode Law, Wartmann thought this new planet should be twice the distance from the Sun as Uranus, (or 38.8 astronomical units), with an orbital period of 243 years.   "Two hundred and ninety-third Meeting." Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1 (1846-1848): 57-128, at 57. When Neptune was discovered, Edward C. Herrick suggested that Wartmann might have seen it in 1831, but, Sears Cook Walker could not reconcile Wartmann's observations with any orbit for Neptune. Arago, François. "Planète Le Verrier." Comptes Rendus, 23 (1846): 744-745. Arago also showed that Wartmann's planet was at least 17 degrees away from Neptune on September 6, 1831. Lequeux, James. Le Verrier: Magnificent and Detestable Astronomer. New York: Springer, 2005, 51. However, Wartmann's planet was only one degree away from the position of Uranus, at the time of his observations, thus Lequeux raises the possibility, "if one assumes a small error," that Wartmann failed to identify his object as the planet Uranus.]


1831 Sept. 9 / See May 26, '08. / Wessely, Morovia, Austria / Metite / (F). [I; 1641. Fletcher, 100. This is the Wessely meteorite. Greg, 73. (No note for May 26, 1808; possibly, May 26, 1908.).]


1831 Sept 10 / From 10th, water in wells at Parma was troubled. / BA 54. [I; 1642. Mallet, 226-227.]


1831 Sept 11 / Italy / Parma and Modena / q / I [Light] / BA '11. [I; 1643. Milne, 704. Mallet, 226-227. Cancani, Adolfo. "Rombi sismici." Bollettino della Società Sismologica Italiana, 7 (1901-1902): 23-47, at 37. Cancani mentions rumors of detonations like cannons heard during this period of quakes.]


1831 Sept 12, 13 / Other shocks / Parma to Venice / BA 54. [I; 1644. Mallet, 226-227.]


1831 Oct to Feb., 1832 / qs in Perugia, Italy / II / [Medium / BA 1911]. [I; 1645, Milne, 704.]


1831 Oct. 8 / 0 h / Venus / Inf conjunction / (Al). [I; 1646.]


1831 Oct 9 / Peru / II / [Medium quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1647. Milne, 704.]


1831 Oct 12 / Red lights in sky long after sunset. / Oct. 13—sun silvery at noon, and between 3 and 4 p.m. greenish blue. / Nature 30-32. [I; 1648. Carpenter, L.G. "The Remarkable Sunsets." Nature, 30 (May 8, 1884): 32. Baddeley, William. "False Alarm of Fire, Occasioned by a Singular Atmospheric Phenomenon." Mechanics' Magazine, 16 (October 1, 1831): 14-15. Baddeley says that he was called at 4:30 A.M., on September 25th, and saw a  "dense red light," which "was so completely similar to that of a large conflagration, that numbers of the firemen, hastened with their engines at full speed towards the eastern part of the metropolis," in London.]


1831 Oct 20 / Wirtemnberg / Meteor / BA 60. [I; 1649. The fireball is listed in Greg's catalog, ("60"), not Mallet's, ("54"). Greg, 73.]


1831 Oct 27 until Jan 13, 1832 / (It) / Frequent concussions in Umbria. / (See 1805.) / Upon Jan 13, 1832, q and a fall of muddy water? [I; 1650. Cancani, Adolfo. "Rombi sismici." Bollettino della Società Sismologica Italiana, 7 (1901-1902): 23-47, at 38. (Galli, Ignazio. "Raccolta e classificazione di fenomeni luminosi osservati nei terremoti." Bollettino della Società Sismologica Italiana, 14 (1910): 221-448, at 346.) See: 1805 July 26, (I; 146).]


1831 Oct 27 to Jan 13, 1832 / (It) / Sounds. / Umbria / See 1816. [I; 1651. See: 1816, (I; 547), and, 1831 Oct 27 until Jan 13, 1832, (I; 1650).]


1831 Nov 12 / Mets / A. J. Sci 30-374. [I; 1652. "On the Origin of Shooting Stars." American Journal of Science, 30 (1836): 369-376, at 374. The observations were made in the morning of November 13, 1831, from 4 to 7 A.M. See: 1831 Nov. 12-13, (I; 1653). "Zodiacal Light." American Journal of Science, 27 (1834-1835): 416-419, at 419.]


1831 Nov. 12-13 / Remarkable fall of mets / Capt. Berard, off coast of Spain / Dr. Miglet in Ohio / Mag. Pop Sci (P) 3/62 / (Arago). [I; 1653. "The November-Asteroids." Magazine of Popular Science, 3 (1837): 56-62, at 62. "On the Origin of Shooting Stars." American Journal of Science, 30 (1836): 369-376, at 373-374.]


[1831 Nov. 12-13 /] 1832 Nov. 12-13 / Loc. met / Capt. Berard, at sea, off Carthagena, for at least three hours saw shooting stars at a rate of 2 per minute, many of them of extraordinary size, leaving trains of iridescent light. / It is said that same night a shower was seen in Ohio. / Mag Pop. Sci 3-62 / Greg's Cat of Meteors, BA-54, nothing for this night. [I; 1732.1, 1732.2. "The November-Asteroids." Magazine of Popular Science, 3 (1837): 56-62, at 62. Greg's catalog does include this "large" meteor and its train, on November 13, "N. of Spain"; and, Greg's catalog would be "BA-60", (not Mallet's, "BA-54"). Greg, 73. Berard's observations were made on the Mediterranean coast of Spain, (not on the coast of South America, nor north of Spain). "Questions à Résoudre Concernant la Météologie, l'Hydrographie et l'Art Nautique." Annuaire pour l'an 1836, présenté au Roi, par le Bureau des Longitudes, (1836): 252-349, at 295-296. "Meteoric Showers of November." Mechanics' Magazine, Museum, Register, Journal, and Gazette, 28, (no. 750; December 23, 1837): 201-203.]


1831 Nov 13 / Brüneck / F. ball / BA 60. [I; 1654. The fireball is listed in Greg's catalog, ("60"), not Mallet's, ("54"). Greg, 73. See: 1832 Nov 14, (I; 1736).]


1831 Nov 13 / Kioto, Japan / II / [Medium quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1655. Milne, 704.]


1831 Nov. 13 / N. of Spain / Large Fireball / BA 54. [I; 1656. The fireball is listed in Greg's catalog, ("60"), not Mallet's, ("54"). Greg, 73.]


1831 Nov 17 / Sweden / q in a tempest and ext. light in northern horizon and great detonation / C.R. 17-622. [I; 1657. Perrey, Alexis. "Nouvelles recherches sur les tremblements de terre ressentis en Europe et dans les parties adjacentes de l'Afrique et de l'Asie, de 1801 à juin 1843." Comptes Rendus, 17 (September 25, 1843): 608-625, at 622.]


1831 Nov 17 / Sweden / 6:15 a.m. / (q) / Swärdsjo, near Fahlun.—storm—detonati[on] / light in sky / BA '54. [I; 1658. Mallet, 228.]


1831 Nov. 26 / Soge / Fireball / [BA] '60. [I; 1659. Greg, 73.]


1831 Nov. 26 / Aerolite? / See Nov. 29, 1809. [I; 1660. Fort refers to Capocci's list of aerolites falling at the end of November, in: 1809 Nov. 29, (I; 311). "Falling Stars." Athenæum, 1840 (no. 686; December 19): 1013.]


1831 Nov. 29 / Hildburghausen / Met = moon, rose in W. / BA 60. [I; 1661. Greg, 73.]


1831 Nov. 29 / Thüringerwald / Severe q and met / BA '54 / D-228. [I; 1662. The note copies information from page 228 of The Book of the Damned. Mallet, 228. "According to some accounts, a fireball, apparently as large as the moon, was seen passing towards the west."]


1831 Dec 3 / 7:50 p.m./ Trinidad / unbearable heat / violent q / followed by heavy showers of rain / BA 54. [I; 1663. Mallet, 229 .]


1831 Dec 3 / Trinidad and St Christopher, W. Indies / II / [Medium quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1664. Milne, 704.]


1831 Dec 8 / Bath and Herefordshire / large met / daylight / BA 60. [I; 1665. Greg, 73.]


1832:


1832 Jan 2 / Bordeaux / F. ball / [BA] '60 / N.E. to S.W. [I; 1666. Greg, 73.]


1832 Jan 3. / Where Graham's Island (see July 9, 1831) had been, was playing a column of water, boiling 10 to 30 feet high. / Niles Register, March 31, 1832. [I; 1667. "Items." Niles' Weekly Register, 42 (March 31, 1832): 82. See: 1831 July 9, (I: 1605 to 1608). The Campi Flegrei Mar Sicilia volcano.]


1832 ab Jan 12 / Volc / Hawaii / Am J. Sci 25-201. [I; 1668. Goodrich, Joseph. "Notice of some of the volcanoes and volcanic phenomena of Hawaii, (Owyhee,) and other islands in that group...." American Journal of Science, 25 (1834): 199-203, at 201.]


1832 Jan 13 / Foligno, etc., Italy / violent q preceded and followed by violent rain and hail / See 27th. / BA 54. [I; 1669. Mallet, 230. See: 1832 Jan 27, (I; 1673).]


1832 Jan 16 / Volc / Goetoer / Java / C.R. 70-878. [I; 1670. Backer, 880. The Guntur volcano.]


1832 Jan 22 / Central Asia / III / [Heavy quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1671. Milne, 704.]


1832 Jan 23 / Zurich / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1672. Greg, 73.]


1832 Jan 27 / at Foligno / Another slight shock preceded by detonation in air / BA 54 / See Jan 13. [I; 1673. Mallet, 230. See 1832 Jan 13, (I; 1669).]


1832 Feb 7 / Lauenberg / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1674. Greg, 73.]


1832 Feb 16 / Vesuvius, which had been quiet since beginning of year / smoke and stones on 20th—continuing to end of March / BA 54/230. [I; 1675. Mallet, 231.]


1832 Feb 21 / N.W. India / III / [Heavy quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1676. Milne, 704.]


1832 Feb. 21 / Naples and neighborhood / I / [Light quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1677. Milne, 704.]


1832 March / Combustible yellowish substance / Kourianof, Russia / D-62. [I; 1678. The note copies information from page 62 of The Book of the Damned. "Meteoric phenomenon." Annual Register, 74 (1832): pt. 2, 447-448. "In March last, there fell, in the fields of the village of Kourianof, thirteen versts from Volokolamsk, a combustible substance of a yellowish colour, at least two inches thick, and covering a superficies of between 600 and 700 square feet. The inhabitants at first thought it was snow, but on examination it appeared to have the properties of cotton, having, on being torn, the same tenacity; but on being put into a vessel filled with water, it assumed the consistence of rosin. On being put to the fire in its primitive state, it burnt and sent forth a flame like spirits of wine; but in its resinous state it boiled on the fire without becoming inflamed, probably because it was mixed with some portion of the snow from which it had been taken. After a more minute examination, the rosin had the colour of amber, was elastic like Indian rubber, and smelt like prepared oil, mixed with wax."]


[1832 March /] 1832 Ap. 11 / Oil / Volokalamsk, Holland / (D-63). [I; 1691. The note copies information from page 63 of The Book of the Damned. "On a substance called inflammable snow." American Journal of Science, 28 (1835): 361. The name of the chemist was Rudolph Hermann, (not Herman); Volokolamsk is the administrative center of Volokolamsky District in Moscow Oblast, in Russia; and, "Ap. 11" was from a publication date, which reported this singular fall, in March, (rather than two falls in March and, another, in April). Hermann, Rudolph. "Sur la substance dite Neige Inflammable." Annales des Mines, s. 3 v. 5 (1834): 520. Hermann, Rudolph. "Untersuchungen verschiedener in Russland gefallener meteorischer Substanzen." Annalen der Physik und Chemie, s. 2 v. 28 (1833): 566-576, at 566-570. Hermann, Rudolph. "Untersuchungen verschiedener in Russland gefallener meteorischer Substanzen." Bulletin de la Société impériale des naturalistes de Moscou, 5 (1832): 44-63, at 45-52.  For Holland, see: 1832 October, (I; 1691).]


1832 March 7 / Cutro, Calabria / Large, det. met. / BA 60. [I; 1679. Greg, 73.]


1832 March 7 / (It) / Met and det / on 8th, big q / Calabria / BA 54. [I; 1680. Mallet, 231.]


1832 March 7 / (It) / Cutro, Calabria / Det. Met. / B.A., '60. [I; 1681. Greg, 73.]


1832 March 8 / Cutro, Calabria, "completely destroyed" by a q. / BA 54/231. [I; 1682. Mallet, 231.]


1832 March 8 / Cotrone and Calabria, Italy / III / [Heavy quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1683. Milne, 704.]


1832 March 8 / After 7 p.m., q, Calabria. "On the 7th a luminous meteor was observed at Potenza, which lasted nearly a minute and was followed by an explosion like that of a cannon.["] / BA 54. [I; 1684. Mallet, 231.]


1832 March 8 / (It) / Calabria / meteors—hot water from fissures / sulphurous odor / See 1805. [I; 1685. (Galli, Ignazio. "Raccolta e classificazione di fenomeni luminosi osservati nei terremoti." Bollettino della Società Sismologica Italiana, 14 (1910): 221-448, at 348.) See: 1805 July 26, (I; 146).]


[1832 Feb, to Ap, etc.] / (+) / Reciprocal volcs / mets / q's / Feb, to Ap, etc., 1832. [I; 1686.]


1832 March and April / (It) / Sounds / Calabria / Sounds like cannonading / supposed be subterranean / See 1816. [I; 1687. Cancani, Adolfo. "Rombi sismici." Bollettino della Società Sismologica Italiana, 7 (1901-1902): 23-47, at 38. See: 1816, (I; 547).]


1832 March 13 / (It) / It / Meteors and flashes and qs / Parma / See 1805. / and reddish tint in sky before (avant) and during the q / See 1805. / but p. 357. [I; 1688.  Mallet, 232. Milne, 704. (Galli, Ignazio. "Raccolta e classificazione di fenomeni luminosi osservati nei terremoti." Bollettino della Società Sismologica Italiana, 14 (1910): 221-448, at 351.) See: 1805 July 26, (I; 146).]


1832 March 18 / [LT], 4-b / q. / Crieff / in Index / but 18th is Sunday. [I; 1689. (London Times, March 18, 1832, p. 4 c. 2; Sunday Times, possibly a wrong date; re-check the Times Index. Not in Mallet.]


1832 March 22 / Goethe dying / Lewes' Life of Goethe, copied in Religio-Philosophical Journal, March 16, 1872, YRA—a whistling sound heard, and sounds as if of chopping wood—then loud tramping sounds. Story of a spirit that appeared, sang, vanished. [A; 95.1, 95.2. Lewes, George Henry. The Life of Goethe. None of the three editions of Lewes' biography include the sensational manifestations that are related by "N.," (via Dr. P.L. Schückling's "Die Tafelrunde" newspaper, after being told these tales when he was a schoolboy). No fearful whistlings, no sounds of wood being chopped in a locked-up woodhouse, no loud tramping noises upon a stairway, nor a door opening to reveal a singing apparition in an abandoned chamber; Johann Wolfgang von Goethe died in his armchair, apparently having fallen asleep, quietly, while being attended to by his daughter-in-law Ottilie, (according to Lewes). "Remarkable Phenomena Attending the Death of Goethe." Religio-Philosophical Journal, 11 (no. 26; March 16, 1872): 1, (c. 1-3). "YRA" is the shelfmark of the Religio-Philosophical Journal at the New York Public Library. "Remarkable Occurrence at the Death of Goethe." Spiritual Magazine, n.s., 8 (October 1873): 477-478.]


[1832 Ap. 11. Wrong dates. See: 1832 March, and 1832 October, (I; 1691).]


1832 Ap 11 / Tirkut, India / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1692. Greg, 73.]


1832 May [5] / Luminous spot on Mercury in transit / M Notices 38/338. [I; 1693. Jenkins, Benjamin George. "The Luminous Spot on Mercury in Transit." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 38 (April 12, 1878): 337-340, at 338. "In the transit of May 1832 Professor Moll observed a spot, the periphery of which was not well defined, but was always situated in the same position, a little south of the centre of the lanet, and preceding the centre." Moll, Gerrit. "Observation of the Transit of Mercury of May 5, 1832." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2 (December 14, 1832): 131-133. "Even with such small powers as 64 and 76 of the achromatic telescopes of Fraunhofer and Dollond, I could plainly perceive a greyish spot on the dark disc of Mercury. As soon as I had perceived it, I asked my assistants whether they saw any thing particular on Mercury. One of them instantly replied, 'Do you mean the white spot?' On applying higher powers (as 110 and 180 to the 42-inch, and 96, 144, 216, and 324 o the 6-feet), the same appearance was always visible. Its periphery was not well defined, but seemed gradually to sink from a greyish white to the dark colour of the planet's disc. It constantly appeared on the same part of the disc."]  


1832 [May 5] / Lisbon / A Vulcan by Fischer / Cosmos NS 42/467 / (no more) / (3) / CR 83-719. [I; 1695. "L'histoire de Vulcain." Cosmos, s. 4 (n.s.), 42 (April 22, 1905): 466-467. Leverrier used these observations as an example for determining the orbit of an unknown planet, which was reported by these observers, who were unaware that they watched Mercury in transit. The same method was used to determine several orbital periods for Vulcan. The writer in Cosmos mistook these reported "unknowns" as those used by Leverrier to calculate the possible orbits of Vulcan, whereas both Leverrier and Fort recognized these objects as having been Mercury. LeVerrier, Urbain Jean Joseph. "Examen des observations qu'on a présentées, à diverses époques, comme pouvant appartenir aux passages d'une planète intra-mercurielle devant le disque du Soleil." Comptes Rendus, 83 (September 18, 1876): 583-589, 621-624, 647-650, 719-723, at 719-720. Pastorff, Johann Wilhelm. "Aus einem Schreiben des Herrn Geheimen Raths v. Pastorff an den Herausgeber." Astronomische Nachrichten, 10 (1832): 197-200, (illustrations). Pastorff was able to identify Mercury during its transit and to distinguish it from the sunspots observed on the previous day.]


1832 May 5 / Transit Mercury / Obs. 29/416. [I; 1696. Denning, William Frederick. "The Planets and Planetary Observation." Observatory, 29 (1906): 280-283, 308-314, 355-359, 375-380, 414-418, 458-462; 30 (1907): 92-96, 128-134, 205-208, at v. 29, 416.]


1832 May 7 / Kingston, Miss / afternoon / "Terribly destructive["] tornado / Finley's Rept. [I; 1694. "Terrible destruction of property." Finley, 3.]


[1832 May 18 /] 1839 May 18 / "hannetons" / fell around a coach between de Gournay [and] Gisers in such numbers the horses stopped. / 1901/1/303, La Vie Scientifique. [II; 44. "Hannetons" are beetles, which include cockchafers and May bugs; and, Gournay is Gournay-en-Bray in the Seine-Maritime department. (La Vie Scientifique. 1901/1/303, @ BNF.) Flammarion, Camille. The Atmosphere. London: S. Low, Marston, Low, & Searle, 1873, 472. "On May 18, 1832, at 9 P.M., a legion of beetles encountered a diligence upon the route from Gournay to Gisors (as it was leaving Talmoutiers) with so much violence that the horses, blinded and frightened, were compelled to return." Giard, Alfred. "L'Isaria Densa (Link) Fries, Champignon Parasite de Hanneton Commun, (Melolontha Vulgaris L.)." Bulletin Biologique de la France et de la Belgique, 24 (1892): 1-112, at 4. Snellen van Vollenhoven, Samuel Constant. Gedaantewisseling en Levenswijze der Insecten. Haarlem: A. C. Kruseman, 1870, 291. Girard, Maurice. Les Métamorphoses des Insectes. Paris: Hachette, 1869, 99. Figuier, Louis. Les Insectes. Paris: Hachette, 1867, 537. "En 1832, le 18 mai 1832, à neuf heures du soir, une légion de Hannetons assaillit une diligence, sur la route de Gournay à Gisors, à sa sortie du village de Talmoutiers, avec une telle violence, que les chevaux aveuglés, et épouvantés, refusèrent d'avencer, et que le conducteur fut obligé de rètrograder jusqu'au village, pour y attendre la fin de cette grêle d'un nouveau genre."]


1832 May 20 / Bengal, India / Fireball / N. to S. / BA 60. [I; 1697. Greg, 73.]


1832 May 31 / Riga / Fireball / B.A., 60. [I; 1698. Greg, 73.]


1832 May and June / BO / Hosts of mice appeared in fields of Inverness-shire and Ross-shire. So many that foxes, with a great new supply of food, stopped their ordinary depredations. They were brown, with white ring around neck, and tail tipped with white. Cor to Mag of Nat. Hist 7-182 wrote that he had seen several specimens and that then he could find no mention in books. [I; 1699.1, 1699.2. "Notice of a Species of Mouse, possibly an undescribed one, which has abounded in Inverness-shire and Ross-shire." Magazine of Natural History, 7 (1834): 181-182.]


1832 June 20 / (List) / q / Mauna Loa / List in Bull Seis Soc. Amer 5-46 / A J Sci 25/201. [I; 1700. Wood, Harry Oscar. "The Seismic Prelude to the 1914 Eruption of Mauna Loa." Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 5 (1915): 39-51, at 46. Goodrich, Joseph. "Notice of some of the volcanoes and volcanic phenomena of Hawaii, (Owyhee,) and other islands in that group...." American Journal of Science, 25 (1834): 199-203, at 201.]


1832 June 23 / 3 luminous things or meteors that rose from the horizon and united. / Delhi, India / Archives des Descouvertes 1833/19 / See Nov. 13. / Rec Sci 1/136 / B. Assoc 1850-120 / (1833). [I; 1701."Météore lumineux observé dans l'Inde." Les Archives des Decouvertes et des Inventions Nouvelles, 1833, 198-199. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1850, 89-132, at 120. Lowe, 136. Buist, George. "Notices of the most remarkable Meteors in India of the fall of which accounts have been published." Transactions of the Bombay Geographical Society, 9 (1849-1850): 197-230, at 199. See: 1832 Nov. 13, (I; 1734).]


1832 June 28 / Cape Verde Islands / Fall of greyish brown ashes, with a slightly sulphuric odor. / Tasmanian Journal 1-333. [I; 1702. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On the occurrence of Atmospheric Deposits of Dust and Ashes; with Remarks on the Drift Pumice of the Coasts of New Holland." Tasmanian Journal of Natural Science, Agriculture, Statistics, &c., 1 (1842): 321-342, at 333.]


1832 June 29 / 11 p.m. / Great met. in Wiltshire, etc.—illuminated like daylight / Arc. Sci., 1833-261. [I; 1703. "Great Meteor." Arcana of Science, 6 (1833): 261-263. Edmonds, Richard, Jr. "Notice of the great Meteor seen on June 29th." London, Edinburgh and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, s. 3 v. 1 (October 1832): 306-307.]


1832 June 29 / Plymouth and Brest / Meteor / BA 60. [I; 1704. Greg, 73.]


1832 July 4 / by Webb—Mare Crisium speckled with minute dots and streaks of light / Astro Reg 20-165 / Webb, Cel. Objs., p. 89. [I; 1705. Williams, Arthur Stanley. "Mare Crisium." Astronomical Register, 20 (July 1882): 165-166. Webb, Thomas William. Celestial Objects for Common Telescopes. 4th ed. London: Longmans, Green and Co., 1881, 89.]


1832 July 23 / Veusvius had been active since about beginning of year. Greatest eruption July 23 and continued till 29th. / Arc. Sci 1833/253. [I; 1706. "Vesuvius." Arcana of Science, 6 (1833): 253-254.]


1832 July 23 / Tremendous eruption / Vesuvius / to Aug 16. / BA 54 / LT, Sept 3-3-a. [I; 1707. Mallet, 233. "Vesuvius." London Times, September 3, 1832, p. 3 c. 1.]


1832 July 23 / volc and rain / Eruption, Vesuvius. On 24th, "dreadful storm and hurricane. / LT, Sept 3-3-a. [I; 1708. "Vesuvius." London Times, September 3, 1832, p. 3 c. 1.]


1832 July 23 - Aug 16. / again on Sept 16 // Vesuvius / 23 to 16—tremendous / BA 54-233. [I; 1709. Mallet, 233.]


1832 July 24 / Meerut, India / large, dazzling meteor / BA 60. [I; 1710. Greg, 73.]


1832 July 29 / Jersey / Rumbling sound and vibrations / [London Times], Aug 3-3-b. [I; 1711. "St. Helier's (Jersey), July 30." London Times, August 3, 1832, p. 3 c. 2. "Last evening a slight shock of earthquake was experienced in this island, more especially in the south-eastern quarter—I allude to the parishes of St. Martin, Grouville, St. Clement's, and in the town of St. Helier's. At about half-past 8 o'clock, a noise resembling distant thunder, or, perhaps, more resembling theatrical thunder, was heard, and a rocking motion was felt in most of the houses...."]


1832 Aug / An Reg, 32-448 / That, in a time of extraordinary drought "though in a rather damp plain" by Lake Geneva fire took place in the cemetery Plain Palais, at Geneva, in high grass on the graves amid cypress trees attrib to spon. gen. [A; 96. "Spontaneous Combustion." Annual Register, 74 (1832): pt. 2, 448. "The German papers contain the following remarkable intelligence, dated from the Lake of Geneva, August 18:—'The extraordinary heat which has prevailed, almost without interruption, for nine weeks, has produced phenomena in the countries bordering our lake to which there is no parallel on record. At Geneva, a spontaneous combustion took place in the churchyard of Plain Palais, though in a rather damp plain (plana palus). The high grass, on the graves, the cypress, and fir-trees took fire, and it was necessary to bring the engines to extinguish it, which was effected, but not without difficulty. A more remarkable event took place in Savoy, near the village of Magland (province of Faucigny). All at once the alarm-bell was sounded, not only in the village, but the whole surrounding country, and whole valleys, to summon the inhabitants with all speed to extinguish a dangerous fire, of a kind hitherto unheard of; for it was not houses, or trees, or earth that was burning, but the roots of the trees, two feet under the ground. This strange fire began at Seine (in the commune of Arrache): nothing appeared on the surface; the furze and bushes were untouched, till at once several trees fell, and were then consumed by the fire that burned from their roots. The people, indeed, felled the wood, that the fire might not spread, and would willingly have turned up the ground to extinguish the fire that was burning the roots; but, in the terrible drought, where were they to get water? This subterraneous fire, therefore, consumed two hundred and fifty acres of fine forest. The fear of subterraneous fire had such an effect on the inhabitants, that many villages (for instance, Colsane) were wholly deserted; and as the people were also afraid of going unto the forest, they remained exposed to the scorching rays of  the sun (generally 40 of Resumur) in the naked plain, where the wells began to dry up. This subterraneous fire is doubtless closely connected with the flames which at the same time issued from the earth in several places in Lausanne. The rain which came a few days ago, and considerably lowered the temperature, seems to have checked this fire, though many persons fear that the rain was by no means of sufficiently long continuance to penetrate so deep into the earth as to remove all danger of the fires beginning again on the return of hot and dry weather, such as seems to be setting in.'"]


1832 Aug 4 / q. / 8:30 a.m. / Cheshire / [London Times] 7-3-3. [I; 1712. "Earthquake in Cheshire." London Times, August 7, 1832, p. 3 c. 3. "At half-past eight o'clock on Saturday morning last, a very smart shock of an earthquake was felt at Waverham, Davenham, Sandiway Bank, Delamare Forest, and Tarporley."]


1832 Aug 8 / Volc / Goentoer, Java / N.M. / C.R. 70-878. [I; 1713. Backer, 880. The Guntur volcano.]


1832 Aug 8 / Volc / Goentoer, Java / C.R. 70-878. [I; 1714. Backer, 880. The Guntur volcano.]


1832 Sept 3 / [L.T.], 3-a / Vesuvius // 29-3-b / a volc island. [I; 1715. "Vesuvius." London Times, September 3, 1832, p. 3 c. 1. "Volcanic Island." London Times, September 29, 1832, p. 3 c. 2.]


1832 Sept. 4 / 11:45 p.m. / Remarkable meteor / Bury St. Edmunds / Mag. Nat Hist 6-77. [I; 1716. "A remarkable Meteor observed from Bury St. Edmonds." Magazine of Natural History, 6 (1833): 77.  "About a quarter before 12 on the night of the 4th...." Bury and Norwich Post, September 12, 1832 p. 2 c. 2. "About a quarter before 12 on the night of the 4th inst. a very remarkable meteor was observed from this town. The first appearance was that of a treble flash of lightning, after which it took the form of a very large star, surrounded by a burr or halo, and having moved slowly along the sky for a considerable space, it separated in the middle, with two points, and disappeared."]


1832 Sept 16 / Vesuvius again / BA '54. [I; 1717. Mallet, 233.]


[1832 October /] 1832 Ap. 11 / Oil / Wolokalamsk, Holland / (D-63). [I; 1691. The note copies information from page 63 of The Book of the Damned. "Unctuous dew." Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 13 (October 1832): 368. "In the neighbourhood of Rotterdam, it has been recently observed, that the morning dews, instead of being pure and limpid, are of an inctuous consistency." The dews at Rotterdam are the only reference to "Holland" in this note. For Wolokalamsk, in Russia, see: 1832 March, (I; 1691).]


1832 Oct 6—Berlin / 12 or 13—Cologne / 13—Ulm / 14—Tyrol (sic) / 24—Grünewald / [Dec.] 20—Bonn // Fireballs. / B.A., 1854 /// 1832 / March 15 / Berlin / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1718. Greg, 73-74. The fireball at Bonn was in December. "B.A., 1854" is Mallet's catalog of earthquakes, (which does not include these fireballs).]


1832 Oct 14 / Tyrol / met train / B.A., '60. [I; 1719. Greg, 73.]


1832 Oct 19 / England / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1720. Greg, 74.]


1832 Oct 31 / Great eruption of Etna—not cease till Dec. / Dec '54. [I; 1721. Mallet, 234.]


1832 Nov. / Formosa / III / [Great quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1722. Milne, 704.]


1832 Nov. / See May 19, 1806. / Reported by a sea captain, at 0° 22' S, and 21° 15' W, concussion as if had struck a reef. [I; 1723. See: 1806 May 19, (I; 182). Daussy, Pierre. "Note sur l'existence probable d'un volcan sous-marin situé par environ 0°20' de latitude sud, et 22° de longitude ouest." Comptes Rendus, 6 (April 16, 1838): 512-516, at 515. The ship was La Seine. Mallet, Robert. "Fourth Report upon the Facts and Theory of Earthquake Phenomena." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1858, 1-136, at 20.]


1832 Nov. / All northern? Mets seen at Pernambuco. / BA 50-131. [I; 1724. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1850, 89-132, at 131.]


1832 Nov. / Biela's Comet / M. Damoiseau in the "Connaissance" for 1830, and Mr. Henderson in the supplement to the Nautical Almanac for 1832, both computing from the same elements, disagreed for position on Nov. 2, 1832, by 38 degrees R.A.—for Nov. 28, by 58 degrees. / LT, Oct 12-3-a, 1832 / For title of Connaissance, see Aug 30, 1905. [I; 1725.1, 1725.2. Herapath, John. "The Comet." London Times, October 12, 1832, p. 3 c. 1."A question might here very fairly be put—namely, can we depend on these calculations? and might they not be so much out, from causes which could not be measured or comprehended, as to allow of our being in the situation so much to be dreaded? In reply, it may be said that the body has already appeared, and very nearly in the placed assigned to it. This, however, it must be acknowledged, is no guarantee as to the agreement during the rest of its course. It may accord very nearly at its first appearance, and still differ widely as time advances. In proof of this, I have only to refer to its places, calculated by M. Damoiseau, in the Connaissance for 1830, and Mr. Henderson, our Astronomer Royal at the Cape, in the supplement to the Nautical Almanac for 1832—both men of unimpeachable care and ability, and both professed computing from the same elements. M. Damioiseau places the comet for August 5, about noon, in 35° 46' R.A. and 28° 44' N. Dec.; and Mr. Henderson, at nearly the same period, in 36° 15' R.A., and 28° 56' N, Dec., differing but little. But November 2, at about 6 ⅔d hours A.M., Damoiseau's plan is 112° 1' R.A., with 20° 37' N. Dec.; while Henderson's November 2, at noon, is about 150° 45' R.A., and 10½° in declination. This happens not long after the comet has passed the plane of the earth's orbit. Again, November 28, at the same time in the morning, the French comet is in 124° R.A. amd 8¾° N. Dec.; and the English, at noon, upwards of 182° R.A. and 13° S. Dec., that is, the two places disagree in R.A. nearly 59°, and in Dec. nearly 22°; the one placing the comet 9° above the equator, and the other 13° beneath." Damoiseau, Marie-Charles. "Sur la Comète périodique de 6ans,7." Connaissance des Temps, 1830, "Additions," 52-55, at 55. Henderson, Thomas. "Ephemeris of the Comet of 6.7 Years." Nautical Almanac and Astronomical Ephemeris, 1832, Supplement, 43-44.]


1832 Nov. 1 / Spiders / Mouth of the Plata / Darwin's ob. upon patches of web, and a vast number of little spiders / Jour of the Voyage of the Beagle, p. 187. [I; 1726. Darwin, Charles. Journal of Researches into the Geology and Natural History of the Various Countries Visited by H.M.S. Beagle..., London: H. Colburn, 1839, 187-189.]


1832 Nov 11 - 12 / Near Limoges / great mets / C.R. 5-563 / from 11 p.m. till 4 a.m. [I; 1727. "Étoiles filantes." Comptes Rendus, 5 (1837): 562-563.]


1832 Nov. 12 / 8 p.m. / at Mauritius / Sky overcast to 3 a.m., 13th. Then in all parts of the sky great number of meteors—so many impossible to count them (C.R. 5-121)—their trains not straight lines as ordinarily, but all kinds of curves. Maximum 4 a.m. and lasted till sunrise. No radiant mentioned except that greatest numbers were some degrees south of the zenith. [I; 1728.1, 1728.2. "Étoiles filantes de la nuit du 12 au 13 novembre." Comptes Rendus, 5 (1837): 121-122.]


1832 Nov 12 / No meteors noted by Ross for month of November. / Ross, "Second Voyage of Discovery". [I; 1729. Ross, John. Narrative of a Second Voyage in Search of a North-west Passage. London: A.W. Webster, 1835, 683-686.]


1832 Nov. 12 / About 50 meteors / Essex / Arcana of Sci 1833/268. [I; 1730. "Meteors." Arcana of Science, 6 (1833): 268-269.]


1832 Nov. 12 / in Essex / Forty-eight meteors counted in a few minutes. / Arcana of Science 1833/268. [I; 1731. "Meteors." Arcana of Science, 6 (1833): 268-269. "Royal Society." Literary Gazette, 1832 (December 15, 1832): 794.]


[1832 Nov. 12-13. Wrong date. See: 1831 Nov. 12-13, (I; 1732).]


1832 Nov. 13 / Ac to M. Arago, quoted in Mag. Pop Sci (P) 3/62, Nov. 13, 1832, tremendous flow mets at Orenburg, Russia, from between 3 [and] 4 until sunrise. [I; 1733. "The November-Asteroids." Magazine of Popular Science, 3 (1837): 56-62, at 62.]


1832 Nov. 13 / See before. / June 23 / Delhi, India / 3 balls of fire rose from horizon and united and passed away. / Bombay Geog. Soc (L) 9/199. [I; 1734. Buist, George. "Notices of the most remarkable Meteors in India of the fall of which accounts have been published." Transactions of the Bombay Geographical Society, 9 (1849-1850): 197-230, at 199. Buist gives the date as June 23, 1832. See: 1832 June 23, (I; 1701).]


1832 Nov 13 / morning / Innumerable meteors / Bulrampore and Agra, India / Trans Bombay Geog Soc 9/199. [I; 1735. Buist, George. "Notices of the most remarkable Meteors in India of the fall of which accounts have been published." Transactions of the Bombay Geographical Society, 9 (1849-1850): 197-230, at 199-200.]


1832 Nov 14 / Bruneck, in the Tyrol / An Reg. 1832—(p. 444) / Ab 6 in morning—stream of light from zenith nearly to ground—drew back gradually and stretched out toward north—it turned wavy and turned to white cloud that was stationary in the sky until daybreak. Weather clear. Vivid illumination. [I; 1736.1, 1736.2. "Alpine Phenomena." Annual Register, 74 (1832): pt. 2, 444-445. See: 1831 Nov 13, (I; 1654).]


[1832] [no date] / q's / time of mets. [I; 1737.]


1832 Nov. 13 / Zeiz, Saxony / a shock. / In Dessau, in evening, a thick yellowish fog with a perceptible odor. / BA 54. [I; 1738. Mallet, 234.]


1832 (Nov 13) / q and sulphurous fog / Zeiz, Saxony / a q // at Dessau / the sul-fog // Etna in eruption /// BA, 54. [I; 1739. Mallet, 234.]


1832 Nov 13 / morning / Bulrampore, India / "Innumerable meteors [were] flying in all directions." / BA 50-121. [I; 1740. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1850, 89-132, at 121. See: 1832 Nov 13, (I; 1735).]


1832 Nov 14 / The stream of light that descended and then became a beam at Bruneck in the Tyrol. / Also unusual number of meteors. / An Reg 1832-44. [I; 1741. "Alpine Phenomena." Annual Register, 74 (1832): pt. 2, 444-445. See: 1832 Nov 14, (I; 1736).]


1832 Nov 13 / Meteors / Upon Nov. 13, 1882, enormous display in Red Sea, off Mocha, by Capt. Hammon of "Restitution"—from 1 a.m. until daylight. / Nature 53/7. [I; 1742. Denning, William Frederick. "The Star Showers of November." Nature, 53 (November 7, 1895): 7-9, at 7.]


1832 Nov 13 / Began bet 3 and 4 a.m.,at Orenburg, Russia (C.R., 2-513), a multitude of meteors from N.E. to S.W. Maximum between 5 and 6 a.m. Observation by a priest that interior of a church at times suddenly lighted by them. [I; 1743. "Étoiles filantes observées dans la nuit du 12 au 13 novembre 1832, à Oremburg." Comptes Rendus, 2 (1836): 513-514.]


1832 Nov. 14 / ab. midnight / Meteors like brilliant fireworks all over south of England, and many parts of Continent—a q in Bermuda—eruption of Etna. / Rev. W.B. Clarke / Mag. Nat Hist 7-293. [I; 1744. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 7 (July 1834): 289-308, at 293.]


1832 Nov. 19 / or ab 12:30 (on 20) // at Darlington / Until 3 or 4 in morning—ab. 25 meteors in first half hour. From the West. / "sublime spectacle" / LT 23-1-f. [I; 1745. "A correspondent informs us...." London Times, November 23, 1832, p. 1 c. 6.]


1832 Nov / Meteoric display, in LT of Dec 19, copied from Medical Gazette, "recently" in the Orne, France, shower of fire. [I; 1746. "Shower of Fire." London Times, December 19, 1832, p. 3 c. 3. "Shower of Fire." London Medical Gazette, 11 (December 15, 1832): 361-362. "Variétés." Gazette Médicale de Paris, 3 (November 29, 1832): 806. "Un phénomène assez rare...." Le Constitutionnel (Paris), November 26, 1832, p. 3 c. 3 & p. 4 c. 1.]


1832 Nov. 20 / Op Mars / (Al). [I; 1747.]


1832 Nov. 24 / Shock on and around Etna preceded and followed by heavy rain. / BA 54. [I; 1748. Mallet, 234. Milne, 704.]


1832 Dec / Vesuvius / from Oct 31 to /// —Comrie / L— / Ice, July 11. [I; 1749.]


1832 Dec 3 / 8:15 a.m. / Waterspout / Lake Leman, Switz / Arc. Sci 1834-267. [I; 1750. "Water Spout on the Lake of Geneva." Arcana of Science, 7 (1834): 267-268.]


1832 Dec 13 / Great met / 6 p.m. / S. Herefordshire / BA 52-182. [I; 1751. Powell, Baden. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1851-52." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1852, Reports on the State of Science, 178-239, at 182. Greg, 74.]


1832 Dec 16 - 24 / Vesuvius / BA 54/235 / Bib. Univ 54-351. [I; 1752. Mallet, 235. "Sur l'Éruption du Vésuve en Juillet et Aout 1832." Bibliothèque Universelle des Sciences, Belles-Lettres, et Arts, Sciences et Arts, 54 (1833): 350-356, at 351.]


1832 Dec 19 / Fireball / England / BA 60. [I; 1753. Greg, 74-75.]


1832 Dec 19 / [LT], 3-c / Shower of fire in France. [I; 1754. "Shower of Fire." London Times, December 19, 1832, p. 3 c. 3. See: 1832 Nov, (I; 1746).]


1832 Dec 20 / Vesuvius / alarming / Niles Register, March 2, 1833. [I; 1755. "Italy." Niles' Weekly Register, 44 (March 2, 1833): 4.]


1832 Dec 20 / Fireball / Bonn / BA 60. [I; 1756. Greg, 74.]


1832 Dec 28 / —11 p.m. / Dec 29—7 a.m. / Dec 30—8 a.m. // q / Swansea / LT, Jan 9, 1833, said that sound was terrific. / B Assoc '54-23. [I; 1757. "Earthquake at Swansea." London Times, January 9, 1833, p. 4 c. 1. Mallet, 235. "Domestic Occurrences." Gentleman's Magazine, 102 pt. 2 (August 1832): 639-641, at 640, c.v. "Dec. 30." "We mentioned in a very brief form last week...." The Spectator, 6 (January 12, 1833): 31. ]


1832 (Dec 29 / Penllergare, Wales, 7 a.m.—q) / 30th—8:30—q and loud noise / and at Swansea, 28, 11 p.m. // L. W. Dillwyn, Contributions towards a History of Swansea, p. 53. [I; 1758. (Lewis W. Dillwyn, Contributions towards a History of Swansea, p. 53. Not online; only sold as a reprint.)]


1832 Dec 30 / 8:20 p.m. / Swansea, Wales / q's preceded by sounds like dist. artillery / BA 54. [I; 1759. Mallet, 235.]


1832 Dec. 30 / 8:20 p.m. / 4 shocks preceded by noise like distant firing of heavy artillery / (Swansea) / Roper, p. 32 / Gentleman's Mag 102/2/640 / Spectator, Jan 12, '33.  [I; 1760. Roper, 32. "Domestic Occurrences." Gentleman's Magazine, 102 pt. 2 (August 1832): 639-641, at 640, c.v. "Dec. 30." "We mentioned in a very brief form last week...." The Spectator, 6 (January 12, 1833): 31.]


1833:


1833 / Nachraschinsk, Russia / Stones with hail / Met Mag 17/151, quoting P.W. Schwedoff / See 1844. [I; 1761. Schwedoff, Theodore. "On the Origin of Hail." Symons's Meteorological Magazine, 17 (November 1882): 146-152, at 151. See: 1844, (II; 705).]


1833 / Indians of California wiped out by a plague. / N.Y. Times, 1874, Oct 22-5-5. [A; 97. "Ravages of a Pestilence." New York Times, October 22, 1874, p. 5 c. 5-6.]


1833, etc. / These quotations from Mag Nat Hist are by paper by Rev. W. B. Clarke, showing relations between qs, volcs and meteoric and meteorologic phe. [I; 1762. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 6 (July 1833): 289-308; 7 (July 1834): 289-308; 7 (December 1834): 609-630; 8 (January 1835): 1-28; 8 (March 1835): 129-161; 8 (August 1835): 417-453.]  


[1833. Wrong date. See: 1833 July 28, (I; 1763).]


[1833 July 28 /] 1833 / On Danube, red rain said be due to small quantity of protoxyde of iron. / La Nat 1898/2/316. [I; 1763. Barré, L. "Pluies de Terre et d'Insectes." La Nature, 1898 pt. 2 (no. 1324; October 15): 314-315.]


1833 Jan 2 / [LT], 3-e / 9-4-1 / Swansea // 25-4-c / Carmarthen. [I; 1764. "To the Editor of the Times." London Times, January 2, 1833, p. 3 c. 5. "Earthquake at Swansea." London Times, January 9, 1833, p. 4 c. 1. "Earthquake." London Times, January 25, 1833, p. 4 c. 3. Spurrell, William. Carmarthen and Its Neighbourhood: Notes Topographical and Historical. 2nd edition. Carmarthen: William Spurrell, 1879, 145. "Dec. 30. Shock of an earthquake felt at Carmarthen."]


1833 Jan 14 / ab 10:30 a.m. / Saxony / shock and sound like dist. thunder / BA 54. [I; 1765. Mallet, 236.]


1833 Jan 15 / [LT], 4-c / Vesuvius. [I; 1766. "The following from Naples...." London Times, January 15, 1833, p. 4 c. 3.]


1833 Feb 19 / Antipodes / q. at 22° N; 79° W / same time, a ship at 22° S; 79 E in a hurricane / Mag. Nat. Hist. 6-307. [I; 1767. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...."  Magazine of Natural History, 6 (July 1833): 289-308, at 307.]


1833 March 18 / Detonating meteor / Madras / BA 60. [I; 1768. Greg, 74.]


1833 March 24 / 9:15 p.m. / Parma / shock preceded by a gust of wind / BA 54. [I; 1769. Mallet, 237.]


1833 April 11 / afternoon / Springfield, Ohio / Tornado / Finley's Rept. [I; 1770. Finley, 3.]


1833 Ap 12 / [LT], 2-c / Horsham / q. [I; 1771. "Extract of a letter from Horsham...." London Times, April 11, 1833, p. 2 c. 3.]


1833 Ap. 19 / Nuremberg and Prague / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1772. Greg, 74.]


1833 May / Atrocities in Rosshire. / L.T., June 6-2-e, quoting Caledonian Mercury. / Attributed to lawless ruffians. Said that 2 horses were flayed alive. [A; 98. "Horrible Atrocities in Rossshire." London Times, June 6, 1833, p. 2 c. 5. "Horrible Atrocities in Rossshire." Caledonian Mercury, June 3, 1833, p. 3 c. 3.]


1833 ab. 6 months / Baldoon, on river St. Clair, Canada / Polt / home of a farmer / Medium and Daybreak 6-551. [A; 99. "The Doings of the Devil." Medium and Daybreak, 6 no. 282 (August 27, 1875): 551.]


1833 May 2 / Sheep fold this night entered by two dogs. (near Bristol). 26 killed. / L.T. 15-3-f / 36 severely wounded. As to dogs not even said were seen—"The dogs were sporting dogs." [A; 100. "Great Havoc Among Sheep." London Times, May 15, 1833, p. 3 c. 6.]


1833 May 3 / LT of /Animal / That there was excitement in the village of Coulsdon, Surrey. Two sheep had been killed and "an animal of strange and unnatural appearance["] had been seen. According to reports "it is something of the dog or wolf species, but all agree that they never saw the like before." Said that the more rational of the residents thought it something that had escaped from a menagerie. A hunt was organized Ap. 30th, but with no success. [A; 101.1, 101.2. "Some excitement has been raised...." London Times, May 3, 1833, p. 3 c. 3.]


[1833 May 5] / wld Hauser / In Niles Register, Aug 31, 1833, that on May 5th, young man ab 24, able only to stammer a few words, found near Leyden, Holland. Knees were drawn up to breast as if he had been bound in that position. One foot decayed to ankle and other quite gone. [A; 102. "Another Casper Hauser." Niles' Weekly Register, 44 (August 31, 1833): 440.]


1833 May 16 / 20 h / Venus / Inf conjunction / (Al). [I; 1773.]


1833 May 16 / Futtehpoor, India / Fish, dead and dry / D-85 / See May, 1834. [I; 1774. The note copies information from page 85 of The Book of the Damned. Buist, George. "Showers of Fish." Living Age, 52 (1857): 186. "On the 16th and 17th of May, 1833, a fall of fish occurred in the zillah of Futtehpoor, about three miles north of Jumna, after a violent storm of wind and rain. The fish were from three pounds to a pound and a half in weight—of the same species as those found in the tanks in the neighborhood. They were all dead and dry." "Fall of Fish." London Times, April 9, 1835, p. 3 c. 2. "Fall of Fish." Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Bengal, 3 (1834): 367. See: 1833 May 16 or 17, (I: 1878).]


[1833 May 16 or 17 /] 1834 May 16 or 17 / Bloodfish / India / D-43 / See May—1833. [I; 1878. The note copies information from page 43 of The Book of the Damned. "Fall of fish." London Times, April 9, 1835, p. 3 c. 2. See: 1833 May 16, (I; 1774).]


1833 May 20 / (+) / (B.A. '60) / [London Times], May 24-4-c / Met at Chichester. [I; 1775. Greg, 74. "Monday evening last...." London Times, May 24, 1833, p. 4 c. 3.]


1833 June / Ireland / Island as if emerging from sea / Brit Assoc 1852/30. [I; 1776. M'Farland, M. "On the Fata Morgana of Ireland." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1852, Notices and Abstracts, 29-30, at 30. "Mr. M'Farland then mentioned that, in June 1833, he himself and a party of frinds, when standing on a rock at Portbalintrea, perceived a small roundish island as if in the act of emerging from the deep, at a distance of a mile from the shore; at first it appeared but as a green field, afterwards it became fringed with red, yellow and blue; whilst the forms of trees, men and cattle rose upon it slowly and successively; and these continued for about a quarter of an hour, distinct in their outlines, shape and colour; the figures, too, seemed to walk across it, or wandered among the trees, the ocean bathed it around, the sun shone upon it from above; and all was fresh, fair, and beautiful, till the sward assumed a shadowy form, and its various objects, mingling into one confused whole, passed away as strangely as they came."]


[1833 June /] (1834) / 1833 June // (Fr.) / Jouy / fall of frogs / said that drops of water that fell with them not more numerous. / Magasin Pittoresque—4/371. [I; 1884. "Sur les Pluies de Crapauds." Magasin Pittoresque, 4 (November, 1836): 370-371. "Pluies de crapauds." L'Institut, journal universel des sciences et des sociétés savantes en France et à l'étranger, 2 (no. 77; November 1, 1833): 353-354, at 353.]


[1833 June /] 1834 June / at Jouy, France / Letter from M. Huard to French Acad of Sci, read Oct 28 / shower of little toads, and received them on his umbrella / Leisure Hour 3-779 / quantity prodigious. [I; 1885. "Showers of Frogs and Toads." Leisure Hour, 3 (1854): 779-781. "Pluies de crapauds." L'Institut, journal universel des sciences et des sociétés savantes en France et à l'étranger, 2 (no. 77; November 1, 1833): 353-354, at 353.]


1833 June 1 / Fakenham/ See Oct., 1907. [A; 103.]


1833 June 1 / Norfolk Chronicle of, copied in Elliott O'Donnell's "Haunted Places in England", chapter 10. / Haunting of Syderstone Parsonage near Fakenham. Groanings and knockings. Other letters to the Chronicle — rappings usually near the children's beds. // Fakenham / See Oct, 1907. [A; 104. O'Donnell, Elliott. Haunted Places in England. London: Sands, 1919, ch. 10, "The Syderstone Hauntings," 132-160. "A Real Ghost." Norfolk Chronicle, June 1, 1833, p. 2 c. 6-7. Spurgin, John. "Syderstone Parsonage." Norfolk Chronicle, June 8, 1833, p. 3 c. 2-3. Titlow, Samuel. "To the Editor of the Norfolk Chronicle." Norfolk Chronicle, June 8, 1833, p. 3 c. 3. Spurgin, John. "Syderstone Parsonage." Norfolk Chronicle, June 15, 1833, p. 3 c. 3. "Syderstone Parsonage." Norfolk Chronicle, June 22, 1833, p. 4 c. 1-2. Titlow, Samuel. "To the Editor of the Norfolk Chronicle." Norfolk Chronicle, June 29, 1833, p. 3 c. 3-4. Baker, John. "Ventriloquist Ghost." Norfolk Chronicle, June 29, 1833, p. 4 c. 6. "Syderstone Parsonage." Norfolk Chronicle, July 13, 1833, p. 4 c. 5-6. "Syderstone Parsonage." Norfolk Chronicle, July 20, 1833, p. 2 c. 5. Titlow, Samuel. "Syderstone Parsonage." Norfolk Chronicle, July 27, 1833, p. 3 c. 3-4. See: (1907 Oct).]


1833 summer / "A singular insect, there before unknown, ravaged the corn fields in Spain and so poisoned the wheat that it could not be eaten." / Mag. Nat. Hist. 1834-196 (vol 7). [I; 1777. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 7 (May 1834): 193-202, at 196.]


[1833 July 4 /] 1824 Oct 20 / mets and hail / Nakratchine, Tobolsk / aerolites and hailstones as large as goose eggs / Mag Nat Hist 7-304. [I; 1148. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 7 (July 1834): 289-308, at 304. "An occurrence similar to that of October 20, 1824, took place on July 4, 1833...."]


1833 July 8 / Near Naples / the rain of oranges / Cosmos 3/4/696. [I; 1778. "Sur les pluies de crapauds." Cosmos, s. 3 v. 4 (June 19, 1869): 696-697. A whirlwind emptied two large baskets of oranges at Posillipo, Italy, and deposited them at a distant location, where a small girl witnessed a rain of oranges; thus, by this example, Prof. Pierre-Adolphe Daguin, at Toulouse, sought to explain rains of fishes and toads. Meunier, Victor. Les Animaux à Métamorphoses. Tours: Alfred Mame et Fils, 1867, 87.]


1833 July 13 / q and th. storm / q at Sutton Ashfield Staffordshire—on 14th, "one of the most frightful thunderstorms ever known there" / Mag. Nat. Hist 7-301. [I; 1779. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 7 (July 1834): 289-308, at 301.]


1833 July 13 / 3:05 p.m. / Mansfield, Warsop, etc. / near Nottingham? / a q / L.T., July 16/6/c. [I; 1780. "Earthquake at Mansfield." London Times, July 16, 1833, p. 6 c. 3. "At Bilsthorpe the shock was not perceived; but a noise like unto the rushing of a mighty wind among trees on the mountain-top was heard." Mansfield, Nottinghamshire.]


1833 July 16 / Metite, ac to Baumhauer, at 3:30 p.m. / BA 60 / Nachralschinsk, Tobolsk. [I; 1781. The meteorite is listed in Greg's catalog, ("60"), not Mallet's, ("54"). Greg, 74-75.]


1833 Aug [Last of] / Spon comb trees / L.T., Sep 5/3/e / Last of Aug, 1833, in a field near Frant in decayed part of a birch tree. Short time afterward a large ash burst into flames. // Sept. 7, a cor argues that doubt because of evident friction of limbs against one another in wind. [A; 105.1, 105.2. "A Tree Consumed by Spontaneous Combustion." London Times, September 5, 1833, p. 3 c. 5. "A singular occurrence took place on Wednesday week at Frant. In the field adjoining the church, occupied by Mr. C. Wickens, smoke was seen issuing from the decayed part of a beautiful beech tree, and immediately afterwards flames were observable, although noon day. With some little difficulty they were subdued. In a short time afterwards the body of another tree (a very large ash) in the same field was discovered to be on fire, and before means could be resorted to to extinguish it, the flames encircled the whole body, and defied every exertion that was made to save it until the tree broke off about six feet up. Both trees were in a most healthy condition. From what cause the fire could have originated still remains a mystery.—Maidstone paper." "To the Editor of the Times." London Times, September 7, 1833, p. 3 c. 2. "Seeing an account in your paper of yesterday of the spontaneous combustion of two trees at Maidstone, allow me to observe, that in Professor Parke's rudiments of chymistry, speaking of caloric or fire, he observes, that 'instances have occurred where whole forests have been burnt down by fires kindled from the violent friction of the branches against each other by the wind.' The destruction of the trees above-named was no doubt caused by the same effect." Parkes, Samuel. The Rudiments of Chemistry. New edition. Philadelphia: Abraham Small, 1823, 33. @ Archive.org]


1833 Aug. 4 / A globe of fire "as large as a carriage wheel" broke against a mountain in Hungary. / Mag. Nat Hist 7-299. [I; 1782. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 7 (July 1834): 289-308, at 299.]


1833 Aug 10 / Worcestershire / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1783. Greg, 74.]


[1833 Aug.] / LT Index / 1833 / q / India / Aug. / with phe / See for Nov. meteors. [I; 1784. Palmer's Index apparently does not list any articles for the earthquakes in India, in August, nor the meteor showers, in November.]


[1833 Aug. 11-13 /] 1833 Sept 6 / [London Times], 1-f / New phe at Vesuvius. [I; 1798. "The Notizie del Giorno of Rome...." London Times, September 6, 1833, p. 1 c. 6.]


1833 Aug 12 / Vesuvius / BA 54. [I; 1785. Mallet, 238.]


1833 Aug / Tuesday before Aug 30 // Violent q / Virginia / Sun—1886, Sept 9-2-7+. [I; 1786. "In the first copy of The Sun...." New York Sun, September 9, 1886, p. 2 c. 7.]


1833 Aug 26 / Great q / India / Calcutta, etc. / Allahabad / BA '11. [I; 1787. Milne, 704.]


1833 Aug 29 / q and stones / Whole province of Nepal and neighboring parts of India desolated by quakes—"a few days later," fall of aerolites at Candahar. / Mag Nat Hist 7-302. [I; 1788. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 7 (July 1834): 289-308, at 302. "A few days after...," (not "later").]


[1833 Aug 29 /] 1833 end of Nov. / Fall of stones / Kandahar, Afghanistan / BA 60 / Ac to Arago, end of Ap., 1834. [I; 1850. Greg, 74-75. Greg gives the date as "end of November," 1833, and says that Arago, (who was probably using the date of the Niles' Weekly Register, which was cited in the Comptes Rendus article), says end of April, 1834. Branwhite says the Kandahar aerolites fell "a few days after" the earthquakes in Nepal and India, on "August 29, 1833." Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 7 (July 1834): 289-308, at 302. Arago, François. Astronomie Populaire. Paris: Gide, 1857, v. 4, 202. "1834, avril. Pluie de pierres, dans la ville de Kandahar (Afghanistan)." "A heavy shower of aerolites...."  Niles' Weekly Register, 46 (April 19, 1834): 119. "A heavy shower of aerolites fell lately in the city of Kandahar; owing to the weight of the shower the roofs of many houses fell in, and others were perforated. Zelfekar Aly Khan, the son of Olimala, having (although forbidden by his parents) gone to the court yard of their house to gather some of these pebbles, which were very round and smooth, was killed by the fall of one of these fiery meteors, which struck him with such violence on the head as to fracture his skull into three pieces. The flash which accompanied the stroke was so vivid, that it dazzled the eyes of those sitting in the balcony of the house. The stone was found to weigh three seers, and many of the stones weighed upwards of two seers. This phenomenon was succeeded by so dense a fog, that the rays of the sun could not be perceived for three days that it lasted." In Afghanistan, a seer weighs approximately 7 kilograms, (or 15.5 pounds). Nearly the same article was copied from the New York Journal of Commerce. Olmsted, Denison. "Observations on the Meteors of November 13th, 1833." American Journal of Science,  26 (1834): 132-174, at 161, (footnote). Boguslawski, Georg von. "Zehnter Nachtrag zu Chladni's Verzeichnisse der Feuermeteore und herabgefallenen Massen (Wien 1819)." Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Ergänzungsband, 4 (1854): 1-155, 353-456, at 33. "Aérolithes." Comptes Rendus, 3 (1836): 50-51.]


[1833 Aug 29 /] 1834 early / At Kandahar, Afghanistan, fall of stones followed by dry fog which obscured the sun three days. / C.R. 3-51 / (See end of Nov., 1834.) [I; 1870. "Aérolithes." Comptes Rendus, 3 (1836): 50-51. See: 1833 Aug 29, (I; 1850), and, neither "1833 end of Nov.," nor the "end of Nov., 1834").]


[1833 Aug 29 /] 1834 Ap. 19 / Afghanistan / stones and obscurations / D-168 / Ac to a Baltimore newspaper of Ap. 19. [I; 1871. The note copies information from page 168 of The Book of the Damned.  "A heavy shower of aerolites...."  Niles' Weekly Register, 46 (April 19, 1834): 119.]


1833 Sept. 1 / Volc / Goentoer, Java / CR 70-878. [I; 1789. Backer, 880. The Guntur volcano.]


1833 Sept 6 / Great q. / China / BA '11. [I; 1790. Milne, 705.]


1833 Sept 17 / Brighton / Column of light as if down from Milky Way in a clear sky / about 50 meteors / Mechanics Magazine 20/25. [I; 1791. Busby, C.A. "Extraordinary Phosphorescent Meteor." Mechanics' Magazine, Museum, Register, Journal, and Gazette, 20 (no. 531; October 12, 1833): 25. There is no mention of "50 meteors" in this article, rather the streak of light was visible for 50 minutes, from 9:15 to 10:05 P.M.]


1833 Sept 18 / Chichester, England / and great q, Peru. [I; 1792. Mallet, 240. Milne, 705.]


1833 Sept 18 / Arica and Saena, Peru. / q. / said puffs of wind, that were felt inside buildings as well as outside / BA 54. [I; 1793. Mallet, 240.]


1833 Sept 18 / previous evening / "A brilliant aurora with meteors falling." / Edin N. P. 31/120. [I; 1794. Milne, David. "Notices of Earthquake-Shocks felt in Great Britain...." Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 31 (1841): 92-122, at 120.]


1833 Sept. 18 / q / Chichester / preceded by sound of a rushing wind / "On the previous evening a brilliant aurora with meteors falling." / Rept BA '54/240. [I; 1795. Mallet, 240. Milne, David. "Notices of Earthquake-Shocks felt in Great Britain...." Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 31 (1841): 92-122, at 120.]


1833 Sept 27 / [London Times], 3-f / Dublin / Aurora / Curious. [I; 1796. "Aurora Borealis." London Times, September 27, 1833, p. 3 c. 6.]


1833 Oct 2 / Wirtemberg / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1797. Greg, 74.]


[1833 Oct 6. Wrong date. See: 1833 Aug. 11-13, (I; 1798).]


1833 Oct 9 / "Rain of blood (?)" / Cleves and Utrecht / Mag Nat Hist 8-2. [I; 1799. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 8 (January 1835): 1-28, at 2. "9th, Rain of blood (?) in Duchy of Clèves, and at Utrecht."]


1833 Oct 12 / North Carolina / Tornado / Finley's Rept. [I; 1800. Finley, 3.]


1833 Oct 15 / volc and rain / A tremendous rain upon Etna, pouring down into the river Acellaro, which burst its confines, drowning 100 persons / Mag Nat Hist 7-298 / To be noted that the Italian papers called this rain "unexpected". [I; 1801. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 7 (July 1834): 289-308, at 298.]


1833 Nov. 6 / q. / Oxford, Glouchester, Berks and Wilts—air "filled with a reddish vapor / Mag Nat Hist 8-2. [I; 1802. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 8 (January 1835): 1-28, at 2.]


1833 Nov 11 - 12 / At Frederikashaab and at Gothaab (Greenland), a rain of fire toward west. "Rain of fire" might be auroral. / C.R. 3-473. [I; 1803. Gaimard. "Travaux de la Commission scientifique d'Islande." Comptes Rendus, 3 (1836): 465-473, at 472-473. The suggestion is made, in Comptes Rendus, that this "pluie de feu" could have been a meteor shower.]


1833 Nov. 12 / Germany / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1804. Greg, 74.]


1833 Nov 12 / Leonids before due in 33 1/4 year period / Nov. 17, 1893. [I; 1805.]


1833 Nov 12 / Seems maximum local at about 4 a.m. / So from Leo and not earth in a stream. [I; 1806.]


1833 Nov. 12 / Localized / India / Nov 12, 1847. [I; 1807.]


1833 (Nov 12) / Aurora and mets / Nov 12 - 13, 1841. [I; 1808.]


1833 (Nov 12) / Aurora and mets / Nov 12 - 13, 1841. [I; 1809.]


1833 Nov 12 / midnight till daybreak / not said if 12 - 13 / Great number of meteors in Cuba / C.R., 64-232. [I; 1810. "Sur une pluie d'étoiles filantes obserée à Cuba, dans la nuit du 12 novembre 1833." Comptes Rendus, 64 (1867): 232.]


1833 Nov. 12 / See Nov 11 - 12, 1828. [I; 1811.]


1833 Nov 12 / See Nov 12 - 13, 1847. [I; 1812.]


1833 Nov. 12 - 13 / Great met fall in U.S. / Am. J. Sci. [I; 1813. Olmsted, Denison. "Observations on the Meteors of November 13th, 1833." American Journal of Science,  26 (1834): 132-174.]


1833 Nov 12 - 13 / Olmsted thinks to west stormy and cloudy and mets not seen. [I; 1814.]


1833 Nov 12 - 13 / See Geminids plenty, Dec. 12. [I; 1815.]


1833 Nov 12 / 36 N / 61 W / considerable number but none more than 4 or 5 a minute / 26-143 A. J. Sci. [I; 1816. Olmsted, Denison. "Observations on the Meteors of November 13th, 1833." American Journal of Science,  26 (1834): 132-174, at 143. "In lat. 36° N. lon. 61° W. 'an unusual number of meteors were seen, but comparatively few, not more than four or five in a minute.'"]


1833 Nov. 12 / At 9 o'clock, for example, Miss., Ga., S.C., N.Y. / A.J.S. 26-321 / Were attracting attention by 11 p.m. mostly from N.E. [I; 1817. Twining, Alexander C. "Investigations respecting the Meteors of Nov. 13th, 1833." American Journal of Science, 26 (1834): 320-352, at 321.]


1833 [Nov. 12] / Met stream / 1833, Nov. 12 / Denning, Observatory 20/129 / The display continued 7 hours. / Boston, U.S.A. / "The night appears to have been cloudy in England and nothing unusual was seen." [I; 1818. Denning, William Frederick. "The Great Meteoric Shower of November." Observatory, 20 (1897): 123-129, 163-169, 196-203, 237-244, 271-277, 304-310, 341-348, 371-377, at 128.]


1833 Nov. 12 - 13 / Maximum at 4 a.m. / N. Eng, Ohio, Missouri, Louisiana / A. J. Sci 26-142. [I; 1819. Olmsted, Denison. "Observations on the Meteors of November 13th, 1833." American Journal of Science,  26 (1834): 132-174, at 142. "The maximum which was at 4 oçlock at New Haven, would have been at 3 o'clock in the western part of Ohio, and half past 2 o'clock in Missouri and Louisiana; but in each case, it is said to have been about 4 o'clock." Olmsted recognized that the meteor shower's source, "or cloud," was "nearly stationary with respect to the earth, and beyond the influence of its rotation."]


1833 Nov 12 - 13 / In "Arctic Land Expedition" no mention by Back of meteors. [I; 1820. Back, George. Narrative of the Arctic land expedition.... London: John Murray, 1836, at 205-206, 564. Back was at Fort Reliance in the Canadian Arctic, making regular observations of auroral phenomena, but he makes no mention of meteors; and, this night may have been overcast with clouds.]


1833 Nov 12 - 13 / See at least to 1837. [I; 1821.]


1833 Nov 13 / rain—mets—q's. / Concurrent sinking of land (an acre and a half) near Hudson / q or trembles of earth near Lynchburg, Va—at Harvard College, a fall of rain without a cloud in the sky / Mag. Nat. Hist. 7-291, quoting Am J. Sci, vol 25. [I; 1822. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 7 (July 1834): 289-308, at 291. Olmsted, Denison. "Observations on the Meteors of November 13th, 1833." American Journal of Science, 25 (1834): 363-411, at 398. "Rain from a clear sky." American Journal of Science, 36 (1839): 178.]


1833 Nov. 13 / A. J. Sci 25-376 / Bowling Green, Missouri, at 4 a.m. / Hartford, Conn., first noticed on 12th - 13th, midnight. / New Haven, 11 p.m., 12th / N.Y. City, midnight (p. 387) / Richmond, Va., 12:45. But seems all agree maximum ab. 4 a.m. [I; 1823. Olmsted, Denison. "Observations on the Meteors of November 13th, 1833." American Journal of Science,  25 (1834): 363-411, at 381, 387.]


1833 Nov 13 / In the north of Washington, the meteors were truer to radiant point in Leo than in south, ac to Prof. Hitchcock. / A. J. Sci 25-395. [I; 1824. Olmsted, Denison. "Observations on the Meteors of November 13th, 1833." American Journal of Science, 25 (1834): 363-411, at 395. The article was by Denison Olmsted, (not by Edward Hitchcock).]


1833 Nov 13 / Ac to one cor, a star of rising and falling mag in the radiant point. / A. J. Sci 26-139. [I; 1825. Olmsted, Denison. "Observations on the Meteors of November 13th, 1833." American Journal of Science, 26 (1834): 132-174, at  139-140. "There is one thing that I have not seen noticed by me had I not kept my eye on the centre or point, from whence the meteors all shot forth, for a considerable time; and that was, an appearance of a star, less at first than the stars of the constellation by which it was surrounded; but it would increase until it was much larger than the stars, then totally disappear from ten to fifteen minutes, and then appear again; but the meteors shot forth in greater numbers in the interval between the appearances above mentioned."]


1833 Nov 13 / at Emittsburg, Maryland / First at 3 a.m. / A. J. Sci 25-374. [I; 1826. Olmsted, Denison. "Observations on the Meteors of November 13th, 1833." American Journal of Science, 25 (1834): 363-411, at 373-374.]


1833 Nov / Leonids / Chichester fog like that of 1832. [I; 1827.]


1833 Nov 13 / at Lynchburg, Va / First between 2 a.m.and 3 a.m. / A. J. Sci 25-376. [I; 1828. Olmsted, Denison. "Observations on the Meteors of November 13th, 1833." American Journal of Science, 25 (1834): 363-411, at 376.]


1833 Nov. 13 / Began 3:30 a.m. in Ohio. / A.J.S. 25-376. [I; 1829. Olmsted, Denison. "Observations on the Meteors of November 13th, 1833." American Journal of Science, 25 (1834): 363-411, at 377.]


1833 Nov. 13 / Augusta, Ga / Mets plentiful from 9 p.m. till the stream. / A.J.S. 25-380. [I; 1830. Olmsted, Denison. "Observations on the Meteors of November 13th, 1833." American Journal of Science, 25 (1834): 363-411, at 380.]


1833 Nov 13 / Auroral lights seen. / A.J.S. 26-168. [I; 1831. Olmsted, Denison. "Observations on the Meteors of November 13th, 1833." American Journal of Science, 26 (1834): 132-174, at 168.]


1833 Nov. 13 / 3:40 a.m. / Q at Chichester, Eng., in a fog said been like that which accompanied q., Lisbon, 1807 and 1816. / BA 54. / See Sept 18. [I; 1832. Mallet, 241-242. Milne, David. "Notices of Earthquake-Shocks felt in Great Britain...." Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 31 (1841): 92-122, at 120. Milne gives the time of the first shock as "2h 40' A.M."; however, the time was reported, in 1833, as 3:40 AM. See: 1833 Nov. 13 / 3:40 a.m., (I; 1836).]


1833 Nov. 13 / 8 a.m. / Rain from a cloudless sky at Hartford, Conn. / A. J. Sci 25-398. [I; 1833. Olmsted, Denison. "Observations on the Meteors of November 13th, 1833." American Journal of Science, 25 (1834): 363-411, at 398.]


1833 Nov / Leonids / Gelat substance / See June 17, 1890. [I; 1834. See: (1890 June 17).]


1833 Nov. 13 / q and fog / Chichester, Dorsetshire / thick fog previous day / Rept BA, 54/241. [I; 1835. Mallet, 241-242.]


1833 Nov. 13 / 3:40 a.m. / Chichester / severe q. and loud rumbling sound // 5:45 a.m. / another, not so severe /// L.T., Nov 15/2/d/. [I; 1836. "Chichester, Nov. 13." London Times, November 15, 1833, p. 2 c. 4. "A most severe shock of an earthquake was experienced this morning, about 20 minutes before 4 o'clock, by the inhabitants of this city, attended with a loud rumbling noise; the shock was so great that it caused the town-clock as well as many others to strike. At a quarter before 6 o'clock a second shock was felt, but not so violent as the first. This is the third shock of an earthquake which has been felt in this neighbourhood within these three months." David Milne and Fort's note gave the time of the first shock as "2:40"; but, this article gives the time as 3:40 AM. See: 1833 Nov 13 / 3:40 a.m., (I; 1832).]


1833 Nov 13 / For aurora so shifting with stars, see Feb 4, 1872. [I; 1837. See: 1872 Feb 4, (IV; 623).]


1833 Nov. 13 / 4 a.m. / q / Chichester / Mag Nat Hist 7-292. [I; 1838. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 7 (July 1834): 289-308, at 292. On November 12 and 13, a fog was observed between Wimborne and London, which dispersed "about 8 A.M.on the 13th." Clarke considered the fog "of a singular character" rapidly rising and forming into clouds "as steam rises from linen held before a fire," and associated its appearance and dispersal with the earthquake.]


1833 Nov 13 / A witness's account in N.Y. Times, 1879, Nov. 9-2-7. [I; 1839. Campbell, J.H. "Meteoric Showers." New York Times, November 9, 1879, p. 2 c. 7.]


1833 Nov. 13 / See other mets great. [I; 1840.]


1833 Nov. 13 / Ship in Lat 51N, Long 20W—saw nothing. / Nothing—by ships Lat 2N, Long 41W. / A.J.S. 25-399 / At 36N, W.61, toward morning, 4 or 5 a minute. / Gulf of Mexico—several meteors; nothing unusual until 3 a.m.; then many. / Bet Lat 23N., Long. 82—many after 4 a.m. [I; 1841.1, 1841.2. Olmsted, Denison. "Observations on the Meteors of November 13th, 1833." American Journal of Science, 25 (1834): 363-411, at 399-400.]


1833 Nov 13 / Radiant point in Leo rises ab 11 p.m., which is U.S. corresponds with 4 a.m. Greenwich time. / A. J. Sci 2/43/78. [I; 1842. Newton, Hubert Anson. "Shooting Stars in November, 1866." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 43 (1867): 78-88, at 78.]


1833 Nov 14 / morning / Slight repetition of mets from Leo in Maryland / A. J. Sci 25-375. [I; 1843. Olmsted, Denison. "Observations on the Meteors of November 13th, 1833." American Journal of Science, 25 (1834): 363-411, at 375-376.]


1833 Nov / Great Lyrids / Ap. 20, 1803. [I; 1844. See: 1803 Ap. 20, (I; 76).]


1833 Nov. / Leonids / See Nov., 1872. [I; 1845. See: 1872 Nov 13, (IV; 1023).]


1833 Nov. 24 / Vesuvius in eruption / Mag. Nat Hist 7-292. [I; 1846. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 7 (July 1834): 289-308, at 292.]


[1833 Nov 24 /] 1838 Nov. 24 / Volc. / Palembang, Java / A. J. Sci 29-364. [I; 2357. "Volcanic eruption." American Journal of Science, 29 (1835-1836): 364. The Kaba volcano. Backer, 880. Backer only notes an earthquake at Batavia.]


1833 Nov 25 / Blansko, Moravia, Austria / (F). [I; 1847. Fletcher, 100. This is the Blansko meteorite. Greg, 74-75.]


1833 Nov. 25 / Presburg / Aue, Hungary / 3 stones / BA 49/2 / See for other mets of Hungary. [I; 1848. Powell, Baden. "A Catalogue of Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1849, 1-53, at 2 and 32. Greg, 74-75. Lowe, 136. Presburg is the German name for Bratislava, (Slovakia). This is the Blansko meteorite.]


1833 Nov 25 / (F.) / Metite / Blansko, Moravia / For description, see Athenaeum, before Jan 13, 1834. / See May 22, '08. [I; 1849. Fletcher, 100. "A Remarkable Meteor." Athenæum, 1834 (no. 324; January 11): 36. This is the Blansko meteorite.]


[1833 end of Nov. Wrong date. See: 1833 Aug 29, (I; 1850).]


1833 Dec / Formosa / II / [Medium quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1851. Milne, 705.]


1833 Dec 4 / Mexico / I / [Light quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1852. Milne, 705.]


1833 Dec 7 / Japan (Sado) / and sea waves / II / [Medium quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1853. Milne, 705.]


1833 Dec 11 / Exceptional fall mets / Parma / L.T., 1837, Jan 4/6/2. [I; 1854. "In the night...." London Times, January 4, 1837, p. 6 c. 2. "In the night of the 11th Dec. a great number of shooting stars were seen at Parma; they are described as more numerous than those observed on November 13. From a quarter before 8 till midnight there were no less than 50, equalling in brilliancy stars of the first order, 12 of which were as bright as Jupiter. From midnight till half-past 6 in the morning, 15 resembling stars of the second magnitude, were observed, with a number of smaller size. The direction of the greater portion was from east to west. A nearly similar phenomenon was observed at Parma during the night of the 11th of December, 1833." See: 1836 Dec 11, (I; 2154).]


1833 Dec 11 / Herefordshire / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1855. Greg, 74.]


1833 Dec 11 / Similar phe at Parma, to Dec 11, 1836 / See. [I; 1856. See: 1836 Dec 11, (I; 2154).]


1833 Dec 12 / Great meteor / Yucatan / C.R. 6/866 / Told of in a book on a voyage to Yucatan. / So in Yucatan? [I; 1857. "M. [Charles-Hippolyte] de Paravey adresse deux extraits...." Comptes Rendus, 6 (1838): 866. Waldeck, Frédéric de Waldeck. Voyage pittoresque et archéologique dans la province d'Yucatan (Amérique Centrale), pendant les années 1834 et 1836. Paris: Bellizard Dufour, 1838, 1-2. In the Yucatan, but not in Greg's Catalog.]


1833 Dec. 14 / 3rd attack on K. Hauser. [A; 106.]


1833 Dec 18 / [L.T.], 2-e / Chichester / mill blown down? [I; 1858. "Wednesday afternoon...." London Times, December 18, 1833, p. 2 c. 5. "Wednesday afternoon a post windmill at Chidham, near Chicester, having been left with the sails expanded to dry, was blown up and down by a whirlwind in a few minutes. The proprietor left the mill in the care of a lad, and on his return saw only a wreck left behind. It was insured, but some doubt exists whether he can claim the amount, it having been blown down.—Lewes Advertiser."]


1833 Dec 27 or 28 / Stones at Volhynia, Russia / BA 60. [I; 1859. Greg, 74.]


1834:


1834 Jan 2 / Zeitz, Saxony / Stone fell, ac to Baumhauer. Ac to Chladni, only a piece of granite and mere newspaper humbug. / BA 60. [I; 1860. Greg, 74-75.]


1834 Jan 22 / Peru / great q / [BA] '11. [I; 1861. Milne, 705.]


1834 Jan. 30 / Gainsborough / E. to W. / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1862. Greg, 74.]


1834 Feb 2 / During torrential rains, part of Mt. Telo Mojo, Java, sank, carrying houses. On Feb. 26, a volc outburst in Palembang. / L.T., July 4-2-c, 1834. [I; 1863. "Earthquake in Java." London Times, July 4, 1834, p. 2 c. 3. The only confirmed volcanic eruptions on Sumatra near to these dates would be the Kaba volcano on November 24 to 25, 1833, and the Talang volcano, which began erupting in October of 1833.]


1834 Feb 2 - March 27 / (Polt) / Polt—bells in a house / Bealings, near Woodbridge, Suffolk / Jour Soc 9-27, R. Ac 3834/. [A; 107. “Correspondence.” Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 9 (February 1899): 22-32, at 27. ("R. Ac 3834": Shelfmark?)]


1834 / Polt / Woodbridge, N.J. / Rogers, Phil Myst Agents, p. 38. [A; 108. Rogers, Edward Coit. Philosophy of Mysterious Agents, Human And Mundane. Boston: J. P. Jewett and Co., 1853, 38-40.]


1834 / The two Woodbridges. [A; 109.]


1834 Feb. 2 / Began door bell ringing in home of Major Edward Moor, F.R.S, at Great Bealings, described by him in his book "Bealings Bell." Lasted 53 days. / See 1830//. [A; 110. Moor, Edward. Bealings Bells. Woodbridge, England: John Loder, 1841, 66-68. See: 1830 and for 18 months, (A; 92).]  


1834 / "Philosophy of Mysterious Agents," by E.C. Rogers (YRD) p. 38 / Town of Woodbridge, N.J., home of Mr. Joseph Barron—phe accompanying a servant girl ab 14 years old. At first a loud thumping apparently against the side of the house after all to bed, and at intervals all night. Next evening, the girl passing a window, the house was jarred, the window broke with an explosive sound, and the girl was seized with a violent spasm. Sounds continued and with them the girl had spasms. Thumping ceased at daylight. Each night began a little earlier until at noon. Whatever room girl placed in, there were the thumping sounds — 5 or 6 in succession—an interval and then a succession. Girl seemed good health and the convulsions stopped. Some phe continued. [A; 111.1 to 111.4. Rogers, Edward Coit. Philosophy of Mysterious Agents, Human And Mundane. Boston: J. P. Jewett and Co., 1853; 38-40.  "YRD" is the call number for this book at the New York Public Library.]


1834 Feb 4 / Upper Silesia / Fireball / BA 60 / = moon. [I; 1864. Greg, 74.]


1834 Feb 12 / Lancaster, Pa. / Shock like explosion of a powder mill / BA 54. [I; 1865. Mallet, 243. The earthquake is listed in Mallet's catalog, ("54"), not Greg's, ("60").]


1834 Feb 13 - 17 / Shocks / Italy / BA 54. [I; 1866. Mallet, 243-244. The earthquakes are listed in Mallet's catalog, ("54"), not Greg's, ("60"). Milne, 705.]


1834 Feb 20 / midday / Aurora / Westmoreland / L.T. 26-3-c. [I; 1867. "Aurora Borealis." London Times, February 26, 1834, p. 3 c. 3. "This beautiful phenomenon is not often seen in this part of the world during the day, but at mid-day on Thursday we had something very like it. About 1 o'clock three stripes of pale light emanated from a cluster of fleecy clouds resting a few degrees above the horizon, and about a point to the eastward of north, shooting up beyond the zenith till they came in contact with other clouds, when they melted away; one stream was about mid-heaven. the other more eastward. About half-past 1 there shot from the same clouds the most beautiful stream of pale light we ever beheld—broad at the base, but extending in width as it shot upwards, not unlike a noble plume of feathers; its progress to the zenith was rapid, but as it passed this point it melted away in ether.—Westmoreland Gazette."]


1834 Mar. 10 / Hirschberg, Silesia / det met / BA '60. [I; 1868. Greg, 74.]


1834 March 27 / Great Bealings Bells stop. / 27th last day of ringings. [A; 112. Moor, Edward. Bealings Bells. Woodbridge, England: John Loder, 1841; 66-68.]


1834 Ap 15 - 17 / Shocks / Italy / and loud explosive sounds / BA 60 / ab March 21 and May 2 - to Aug 2 / See Ap 15, 1835. [I; 1869. The earthquakes are listed in Mallet's, ("54"), not Greg's catalog, ("60"). Mallet, 245.]


[1834 early. Wrong date. See: 1839 Aug 29, (I; 1850).]


[1834 Ap. 19. Wrong date. See: 1839 Aug 29, (I; 1850).]


1834 early in April / Shropshire / shock / L.T., April 14, 1836—5-e. [I; 1872. "A smart shock...." London Times, April 14, 1836, p. 5 c. 5. "A smart shock of an earthquake was felt through an extensive district in Shropshire about 8 o'clock on Easter Monday."]


1834 May 3 / pollen? / 11:30 - 12 / Very heavy rainfall and sulphur so thick that it was scraped off the pavements. / Mag. Nat Hist 7-304 / Rodelheim, near Frankfort. [I; 1873. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 6 (July 1833): 289-308, at 304. Two rainfalls took place: on May 2, from half-past eleven to twelve, and, on May 3, from twelve to one o'clock"]


[1834 May 14 /] 1834 May 21 / 1:30 a.m. / det met / Hanley, Worcestershire / Mag. Nat. Hist 7-296. [I; 1879. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 7 (July 1834): 289-308, at 296. "Meteor." Wolverhampton Chronicle and Staffordshire Advertiser, May 21, 1834, p. 3 c. 3.]


1834 May 15 / Bunzlau / Meteor / BA 60. [I; 1874. Greg, 74.]


1834 May 16 / In Tuscany / qs and "sub." sounds / See July 4. / BA 54 / See July 18, '31. [I; 1875. Mallet, 246. See: 1831 July 18, (I; 1615).]


1834 May 16 / Shock in Tuscany—The evening before, magnetic perturbations had been observed at Parma. [I; 1876. Mallet, 246.]


1834 May 16 / Japan / q / II [Medium] / BA '11. [I; 1877. Milne, 705.]


[1834 May 16 or 17. Wrong date. See: 1833 May 16 or 17, (I; 1774).]


[1834 May 21. Wrong date. See: 1834 May 14, (I; 1879).]


1834 May 23 / Asia Minor / I / [Light quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1880. Milne, 705.]


1834 May 23 / Dry fog / dry fog on Hartz Mts / 21 to 24, at Munster / 25th, at Orleans / Thompson, Intro to Met, p. 120 / In July and Aug—at Halle, Freiberg and Altenburg / 479. [I; 1881. Thomson, David Purdie. Introduction to Meteorology. Edinburgh and London: W. Blackwood and Sons, 1849, 120-121. Kämtz, Ludwig Friedrich. Lehrbuch der Meteorologie. Halle: In der Gebauerschen Buchhandlung, 1831-1836, v. 3, 207-208.]


1834 last of May and first of June / Dry fog / France / Cosmos 14/676. [I; 1882. "Faits de science." Cosmos, 14 (June 17, 1859): 671-679, at 676-678.]


1834 June 7 / Philadelphia / toward s.w. / 8 p.m. / brilliant white meteoric light reaching from zenith to horizon / BA 60. [I; 1883. Greg, 74.]


[1834. Wrong date. See: 1833 June, (I; 1884).]


[1834 June. Wrong date. See: 1833 June, (I; 1885).]


1834 June 9 / Banff / Pollen in rain / Thomson, Met., p. 151 / See June 9, 1879. /// 30851. / 0851.44. [I; 1886. Thomson, David Purdie. Introduction to Meteorology. Edinburgh and London: W. Blackwood and Sons, 1849, 151. Banff, Aberdeenshire, Scotland.]


1834 June 12 / Metite / (F) / Charwallas, 30 miles from Hissar, India / A. J. Sci. 2/11/36 / Edin N. P. J. 53/246. [I; 1887. Fletcher, 100. This is the Charwallas meteorite. Greg, 74. Shepard, Charles Upham. "On Meteorites." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 11 (1851): 36-40, at 36-37. Shepard, Charles Upham. "On Meteorites." Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 53, (1852): 245-249, at 246.]


1834 ab. June 8 / (June 12) // Metite / near Hissar / detonations heard 1/2 hour before it fell / Jour Asiatic Soc Bengal 3/413 / See Feb 28, 1857. [I; 1888. "Proceedings of the Asiatic Society." Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 3 (1834): 410-413, at 413. See: 1857 Feb. 28, (II; 2032).]


1834 June 12 / (F) / Met stone / Hissar, India / Edin New P. J. 53/246 /// 18— / Sept. 8 / Met stones / Sandwich Islands / Edin New Phil Jour 40/204. [I; 1889. Fletcher, 100. This is the Charwallas meteorite. Shepard, Charles Upham. "On Meteorites." Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 53, (1852): 245-249, at 246. "Particulars of the Fall of Meteorites in the Sandwich Islands." Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 40 (1845): 204-205. This is the Honolulu meteorite, (which fell on September 27, 1825). Bingham, Hiram. "Particulars of the fall of Meteorites in the Sandwich Islands." American Journal of Science, 49 (1845): 407-408.]


1834 June 18 / q. / Island of Cephalonia / (Greece?) / BA 54 / severe shock. [I; 1890. Mallet, 246. Milne, 705. Cephalonia is the largest of the Ionian Islands, in Greece.]


1834 July 4 / 1:45 a.m. / See Oct 4. / Parma, Milan, Genoa, etc. / q / at Milan, a hissing in air / See May 16. [I; 1891. See: 1834 Oct 4, (I; 1922), and, 1834 May 16, (I; 1875).]


1834 July 4 / See Aug 4, '35. / fireball / S. Herefordshire / BA '60. 9:15 p.m. / '52/183. [I; 1892. Greg, 74. Powell, Baden. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1851-52." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1852, Reports on the State of Science, 178-239, at 183. See: 1835 Aug. 4, (I; 2016).]


1834 July 10 - 22 / q / III [Heavy] / China / BA '11. [I; 1893. Milne, 705.]


1834 July 10 - 22 / or June 28 - July 19 // different authorities / III / China / [Heavy quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1894. Milne, 705.]


1834 July 12 / morning / Near Ripon, England, tremendous explosion heard and a fissure found in a field. / Gents Mag, N.S., 2/205. [I; 1895. "Domestic Occurrences." Gentleman's Magazine, n.s., 2 (August 1834): 203-206, at 205.]


1834 July 18 - 23 / Aug 23 - 25 / 27 - 29 // Vesuvius / Arc. Sci 1835-272. [I; 1896. "Vesuvius." Arcana of Science,  8 (1835): 271-272.]


1834 July 25 / evening / Phe / J. F. Inst. 1834. vol 14—222-224. [I; 1897. "Notice of a Meteorological Phenomenon on the evening of the 25th of July, 1834, with an explanation by James P. Espy, Esq." Journal of the Franklin Institute, s. 2 v. 14 (1834): 222-225.]


1834 July 28 / (It) / [L.T.], 5-b / q / Piedmont. [I; 1898. "A serious accident...." London Times, July 28, 1834, p. 5 c. 2. "A serious accident occurred lately at Stradella, in Piedmont. About 6 o'clock in the morning, some persons assembled outside the church, previous to going to mass, observed a quantity of mortar and stone-work which had fallen from the tower. In the course of a few minutes a considerable portio of plastering fell down, and shortly after the whole congregation were seen rushing from the building, shrieking and with terror depicted on their countenances. In a few seconds the earth shook, and the tower suddenly came to the ground, crushing in its fall the half of a house adjoining, and also half of the church."]


1834 Aug 9 / Mussels / N.S. / M.W.R. 45/220. / L.T. / Sept 30, 1834 / Some weighed 2 ounces. [I; 1899. McAtee, Waldo Lee. "Showers of Organic Matter." Monthly Weather Review, 45 no. 5 (May 1917): 217-224, at 220. Thomson, David Purdie. Introduction to Meteorology. Edinburgh and London: W. Blackwood and Sons, 1849, 164. "A shower of mussels, some weighing about two ounces, fell during a severe storm, on the 9th of August, 1834. in the United States." "A Shower of Muscles in America." London Times, September 30, 1834, p. 3 c. 6. "Remarkable." Daily Pittsburgh Gazette, (Pennsylvania), August 12, 1834, p. 2 c. 1. "Mr. Montgomery, the jailor of the county, handed us the following communication, which he says was written by one of the prisoners. The falling of stones and muscles, he assures us, was witnessed by many, perhaps all the prisoners, some of whom are in confinement for debt, others charged with crimes.—He, himself, was in the county on that evening, but he declares that he has no doubt of the truth of their story.—He says that he picked up muscles on the next morning." "Remarkable Circumstance! On Saturday evening, the 9th inst., about five o'clock, the southwestern hemisphere became suddenly overspread by heavy dark clouds, which indicated the fast approach of a storm, which was carried swiftly along by the angry wind, which smote the earth as though the very elements were at war with each other—soon the water began to gush from its cistern. During the extreme part of the rain, some of the prisoners in jail observed something falling, resembling the small stones that may be seen on the beach of a river—What first attracted attention was the rattling upon the bricks in the yard. When the storm had subsided, the prisoners were not a little astonished as well as delighted, at finding that, not only the inactive stones were to be found, but that numbers of living muscles had been removed from their native element, and were ready for gathering within the jail walls—the number found is not accurately known, as some went immediately to work on the fresh dainty—opening, salting, and swallowing—until they were consumed: one person, however, picked up ten, before the others were informed that the yard abounded with fresh muscles—some of them, from appearance, must have weighed two ounces; there was also several round stones found, one which would weigh four or five ounces, and which may yet be seen—on the same evening, there were some frogs taken captive, whilst hopping about, apparently rather dissatisfied in finding themselves confined within the jail walls—the ancients cannot recollect of such visitors making their appearance within the walls before." "Mr. Montgomery (keeper of the prison) found some of the muscles outside of the wall. It is requested that some of the learned would cast some light upon this mystery, and solve to us how those emigrants left their watery home, sailed into the air, and landed inside the jail walls." "An Inquirer after Knowledge."]


1834 Aug 9 / Fell into the yard of the jail at Pittsburg, Pa., mussels, little frogs, and several stones. / L.T., Sept 30, 1834. [I; 1900. "A Shower of Muscles in America." London Times, September 30, 1834, p. 3 c. 6.]


1834 Aug 14 / 4:05 p.m. / Utica, N.Y. / Tornado / Finley's Rept. [I; 1901. Finley, 3.]


1834 Aug 16 - 17 / midnight / Norway / shock and brilliant fireballs / BA 54 / At Snassen, no shock felt, but western horizon seemed on fire. / On 23rd, 7 and 9 a.m., shocks at Ilvidsoe, Norway. / Sept 3—8 p.m., severe shocks. / Night, Sept 4 - 5, slight q., Hardanger, Norway. [I; 1902. Mallet, 247-249.]


1834 Aug 16 - 17 / Norway succession / q / Ilvidesöe, Norway / See Sept 3. / and met / On 23rd, 7 and 9 a.m., qs at Ilvidesöe. [I; 1903. Mallet, 247-249.]


1834 Aug 18 / Vesuvius began and till 22nd / then 27 - 29, renewed violence. / Gents Mag, N.S., 2/420. [I; 1904. "Foreign News." Gentleman's Magazine, n.s, 2 (October 1834): 419-421, at 420.]


1834 Aug 27 - 29 / Vesuvius renews after subsiding. / L.T., Sept 22-3-a. [I; 1905. "The most afflicting details...." London Times, September 22, 1834, p. 3 c. 1. "In the former account we stated that in August an eruption had taken place, which on the evening of the 26th began to subside. On the 27th, 28th, and 29th, new craters opened, and produced ravages awful to contemplate.... On the 3d inst., at the time of forwarding this account, nothing but stones and cinders were ejected, and every prospect existed of the eruption being soon at a close."]


1834 last of August / Vesuvius / preceded by drying of wells / A. J. Sci 28-199. [I; 1906. "Vesuvius and Etna." American Journal of Science, 28 (1835): 199.]


1834 Aug 24 / Vesuvius active and following days. / BA '54. [I; 1907. Mallet, 247.]


1834 Aug 26 - 30 / Vesuvius / Mag Nat Hist 8/130. [I; 1908. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 8 (March 1835): 129-161, at 130.]


1834 Aug 26 / Padua / hail with gray powder in / Bib. Univ 57/391. [I; 1909. Casari, Lorenzo."Notice sur une Grêle Remarkable Tombée a Padoue le 26 aout 1834." Bibliothèque Universelle des Sciences, Belles-Lettres, et Arts, Sciences et Arts, 57 (1833): 386-392. Casari, Lorenzo. "Sopra la grandine straordinaria caduta in Padova nel giorno 26 Agosto de quest'anno." Annali delle Scienze del Regno Lombardo Veneto, 4 (1834): 337-344.]


1834 Aug / Brick / Italy / (D-114) / 48. [I; 1910. The note copies information from page 114 of The Book of the Damned. Casari, Lorenzo. "Account of some remarkable Hailstones which fell at Padua, on the 26th of August 1834." Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 19 (1835): 83-8, at 87. "The author himself remarked only two hailstones which appeared to enclose any foreign matter."]


1834 Aug 27 / Atmosphere at Chichester, etc., suffocating. / 7 to 8 p.m., thunder heard. "The appearance of the sunset was extraordinary." / BA 54 / Loud report and q. / See BA for Chichester year back. / q's and rains here. [I; 1911. Mallet, 247-248. Milne, David. "Notices of Earthquake-Shocks felt in Great Britain...." Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 31 (1841): 92-122, at 121. See: 1833 Nov. 13, (I; 1832).]


1834 Aug 27 / Chichester / Aug 3, 1835 / metite, Herefordshire / Aug  4. [I; 1912. Mallet, 247. Greg, 75. Powell, Baden. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1856-57." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1857, Reports on the State of Science, 131-153, at 140. The earthquakes, at Chicester, in 1834, and the meteorite, near Cirencester, in 1835, might have been mistaken by Fort as the same locality; however, Chichester is in West Sussex, and Cirencester is in Glamorganshire. See: 1835 Aug. 3, (I; 2015).]


1834 Aug 27 / Whirlwind near Chichester / 3 hours later, a (q) / Edin N P. J 31/121 / (Cut) / Rept BA, '54/247. [I; 1913. Mallet, 247-248. "The appearance of the sunset was extraordinary." Milne, David. "Notices of Earthquake-Shocks felt in Great Britain...." Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 31 (1841): 92-122, at 121. "Appearance of sunset extraordinary, and a West India gentleman predicted an earthquake."]


1834 Aug last / BO / L Institut, vol. 2 / Meeting of Fr. Acad., Oct 13, 1834, Col. Marnier, letter from him read—he was near a small village in department of Seine-et-Oise. A rain of innumerable little toads from a great cloud. / BO / Frgs / were innumerable / letter from M. Huard, frgs of Jouy—saw them fall and caught on his umbrella / Even M. Gayet not clear that tadpoles as that frgs not yet fully developed. / Says that most of them had the posterior part elongated into a tail; that is to say, in the tadpole state. [I; 1914.1, 1914.2, 1914.3. "Pluies de crapauds." L'Institut, journal universel des sciences et des sociétés savantes en France et à l'étranger, 2 (no. 77; November 1, 1833): 353-354. Huard was at Jouy, in June of 1833; and, Gayet was in Lalain, in the summer of 1794. See: 1833 June, (I: 1884 & 1885). "Académie des Sciences." Journal des Debats, October 15, 1834, pp. 1-2, at p. 2 c. 1-2. "M. le colonel Marnier écrit que vers la fin d'août de cette année, faisant une promenade dans le département de Seine-et-Oise, par un temps orageux, l'atmosphère étant chargée d'un nuage épais que les vents amenaient du midi, il vit bientôt ce nuage crever et tomber en pluie; en passant dans le lieu qui venait d'être inondé, it fut très étonné de voir une innombrable quantité de petits crapauds. M. Marnier suivit, à la distance de 100 toises environ, la route qu'avait parcourue le nuage; à mesure qu'il s'éloignait, le nombre des crapauds lui semblait moins considérable. Le jour suivant, il revint sur les mêmes lieux; les crapauds qu'il y trouva avaient, dit-il, grossi de moitié! Bien que je n'aie pas présent, poursuit Marnier, au moment de l'apparition de ces reptiles, s'il n'est pas prouvé qu'ils puissent en cinq ou six minutes naître, et prendre le développement qu'ils avaient lorsque je les ai vus, je dois rester convaincu qu'ils ont été apportés par le nuage." A toise, in 1834, would be equal to two meters in length. "Showers of Frogs and Toads." Leisure Hour, 3 (1854): 779-781.]


1834 Sept 3 / Norway / ab. 8 p.m. / See Aug 16 - 17. / Shocks and w. horizon "seemed to be all on fire and constantly lit up by lightning. / BA 54. [I; 1915. Mallet, 248-249. See: 1834 Aug 16 - 17, (I; 1902).]


1834 Sept 16 / hot wind / 11 p.m. / "A sudden gust of hot wind, from the east, fierce as if from a furnace," at Dublin, blowing in gusts for a minute. Ab. 2 hours later, it appeared at Carnarvon, from the n.w. / Mag Nat Hist 8-28. [I; 1916.1, 1916.2. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 8 (January 1835): 1-28, at 27-28. "Curious Circumstance." Dublin Evening Packet and Correspondent, September 18, 1834, p. 3 c, 3. "As Peace-officer M'Dowall and the party under his command were walking on the Round-town road, at about eleven o'clock on Tuesday night, a sudden gust of wind from the east, as hot as the air from a furnace, passed over their faces; they started back with much surprise at the sudden heat, and the wind continued to blow at intervals, for about the space of a minute." (Caernaroon Herald, (Carnarvon Herald and North Wales Advertiser @ BL), 1834).]


1834 Sept 18 / Violent whirlwind at Breadlow, Bucks / L.T. 22-3-a. [I; 1917. "Dreadful Whirlwind." London Times, September 22, 1834, p. 3 c. 1. "On Thursday evening, about 5 o'clock, the village of Breadlow, Buckingham, was visited by a most dreadful storm. The day, up to that period, had been remarkably fine, when on a sudden the sky became overcast, with thunder and lightning. The whirlwind, which appeared to come from the Chiltern hills, raged for a few minutes with terrific violence."]


1834 Sept 20 - 21 / night / Hurricane / Dominica / L.T., Nov 11-1-e. [I; 1918. "Hurricane at Dominica." London Times, November 11, 1834, p. 1 c. 5.]


1834 Sept 21 / 11:20 a.m. / (BA 54) / Another shock at Chichester—had been extraordinary and unseasonable, hot weather. See whole series of Chichester and heat. [I; 1919. Mallet, 249. Milne, David. "Notices of Earthquake-Shocks felt in Great Britain...." Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 31 (1841): 92-122, at 121.]


1834 Sept 29 / 7:15 p.m. / S Herefordshire / Met / BA 52/184. [I; 1920. Powell, Baden. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1851-52." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1852, Reports on the State of Science, 178-239, at 183-184. Greg, 74.]


1834 Sept. 28 - Oct 1 / Spalding—28th, "very small, black flies" / 29, 30, Oct. 1, at Colchester and Chelmsford (Essex Standard) / 29th, Halifax and York / also in Devonshire, a column 3/4 miles long /  

Mag Nat Hist 7-611. [I; 1921.1, 1921.2. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 7 (December 1834): 609-630, at 611. "At the beginning of the week...." Essex Standard, October 3, 1834, p. 2 c. 4. "They have frequently been in such numbers as to have the appearance of a mist."]


1834 Oct or Nov / Lum obj / Oswego, N.Y. / See Lum objs. [A; 113.]


1834 Oct 4 / 8 p.m. / Parma, etc. / violent shock / loud hissing sound / BA '54 / See July 4. [I; 1922. Mallet, 249. See: 1834 July 4, (I; 1891).]


1834 Oct 4 / Italy / (Bologna) / I / [Light quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1923. Milne, 705.]


1834 Oct 6 / 3 and 7 a.m. / Carthagena, Spain. / Later in same day, a tremendous th. storm. / BA 54. [I; 1924. Mallet, 249.]


1834 Oct / Ref to Fr Acad and frgs = vols of l'Institut 2, 4, 6. [I; 1925. "Pluies de crapauds." L'Institut, journal universel des sciences et des sociétés savantes en France et à l'étranger, 2 (no. 77; November 1, 1833): 353-354. "Pluies de crapauds." L'Institut, journal universel des sciences et des sociétés savantes en France et à l'étranger, 2 (no. 81; November 26, 1833): 386. "Pluies de crapauds." L'Institut, journal universel des sciences et des sociétés savantes en France et à l'étranger, 2 (no. 84; December 17, 1833): 409-410. "Pluies de crapauds." L'Institut, journal universel des sciences et des sociétés savantes en France et à l'étranger, 3 (no. 87; January 7, 1835): 6. "Dans une lettre adressée à l'Echo du monde savant...." L'Institut, journal universel des sciences et des sociétés savantes en France et à l'étranger, 3 (no. 120; August 26, 1835): 280. "Meteorologie: Pluies de crapauds." L'Institut, journal universel des sciences et des sociétés savantes en France et à l'étranger, 4 (no. 166; July 13, 1836): 221-222. "Zoologie: Pluies de crapauds." L'Institut, journal universel des sciences et des sociétés savantes en France et à l'étranger, 4 (no. 176; September 21, 1836): 314-315. "Meteorologie: Pluies de crapauds." L'Institut, journal universel des sciences et des sociétés savantes en France et à l'étranger, 4 (no. 178; October 8, 1836): 325. "Aux faits nombreux de pluies de Batraciens...." L'Institut, 6 (June 28, 1838): 212. "Zoologie: Batraciens." L'Institut, 6 (no. 244; August 30, 1838): 281-282.]


1834 Oct. 13 / frgs / frgs. / Case recorded by Col. Marnier / not said where / Rec Sci 3-333 / See Leisure Hour 3/779. [I; 1926. (Rec Sci 3-333.) "Showers of Frogs and Toads." Leisure Hour, 3 (1854): 779-781. For the original account, in French, see: 1834 Aug last, (I; 1914).]


1834 Oct 15, 16, 17 / in N.N.E. Hungary / It had rained only 3 times since May. Then came "dreadful weather,["] followed by violent shocks. / BA 54. [I; 1927. Mallet, 250.]


1834 Oct 17 / Burlington Sentinel / nothing. [I; 1928.]


1834 Oct 17 / Intense darkness / Quebec / Niles National Register 57/192. [I; 1929. "Chronicle." Niles' Weekly Register, 47 (November 16, 1839): 192, c.v. Darkness at Quebec—singular phenomenon. See: 1819 Nov. 9, (I; 760).]


1834 Oct 17 / Darkness and black rain / Montreal / supposed from forest fires / Mag Nat Hist 8-137. [I; 1930. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 8 (March 1835): 129-161, at 137.]


1834 Oct 20 / Meeting of this date by French Acad Sci., M. Peltier told of great shower of small toads that he had witnessed and felt, years bef[ore] at Ham (Somme). / Leisure Hour 3/779 / felt them hit his hand. [I; 1931. "Showers of Frogs and Toads." Leisure Hour, 3 (1854): 779-781.]


1834 Oct 23 / At Dieppe / in the hurricane / "Many North American birds." / Mag Nat Hist. 8-23. [I; 1932. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 8 (January 1835): 1-28, at 23.]


1834 Oct 28 / (+) / (Tadpoles) / M. Gayet tells of meeting of French Acad Sci of [Oct 28] that in summer of 1794 he had seen shower of little toads, many still in tadpole state. [I; 1933.]


1834 Nov 3 / (P) / (Cut) / Shaft of light in evening sky—Liverpool / Mechanics Mag 22/128. [I; 1934. Thayer: "Probably means illustrated." Not illustrated. "Celestial Phenomenon." Mechanics' magazine, museum, register, journal, and gazette, 22, no. 588 (November 15, 1834): 128.]


1834 Nov. 3 / ab. 8 p.m. / at Liverpool / A band of light from a point near the western horizon to a point near Jupiter ab 20 degrees above eastern horizon. / L.T., Nov 7-3-a. [I; 1935. "Remarkable Phenomenon." London Times, November 7, 1834, p. 3 c. 1. "On Monday evening, about 8 o'clock, a singular luminous appearance was seen in the heavens, commencing near the western horizon, and after extending in a continuous line through the meridian of the heavens, finally losing itself near the brilliant planet Jupiter, which then shone with resplendent lustre in the east, about 20 degrees above the horizon. It presented the aspect of a beauteous transparent zone of light, of nearly equal width, from six or seven degrees, throughout the length of the line, and very much resembling the representation we have of the milky way. The stars were distinctly visible through its filmy structure, and here and there a thin vapoury cloud crossed it at right angles, presenting a similar appearance to the telescopic view of the belts of Jupiter.... From the time we first observed it to the period of its disappearance might be from 10 minutes to a quarter of an hour; how long it had previously existed we know not...."]


1834 Nov 12 / See Quads, Jan. 2. [I; 1936.]


1834 Nov 12 / (Nov) / (volc) / 2 p.m. / s.e. China / Air suddenly darkened and so continued on 13th. / Mag Nat Hist. 8-422 / A dim light, and air appeared to be full of "smoke, without smell". 4 p.m.—a brown dust without smell, of a salt taste—no known volcano. [I; 1937. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 8 (August 1835): 417-453, at 422.]


1834 Nov. 12 and 13 / A thick shower of ashes fell near Tsourou Koitou, "on the frontiers between Russia and China". / Tasmanian Journal 1-327. [I; 1938. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On the occurrence of Atmospheric Deposits of Dust and Ashes; with Remarks on the Drift Pumice of the Coasts of New Holland." Tasmanian Journal of Natural Science, Agriculture, Statistics, &c., 1 (1842): 321-342, at 327.]


1834 Nov 12 / See this and following vols. A. J. Sci. / Prof. Olmsted to support his theory gives instances of Leonids this year. [I; 1939. Bache, A.D. "Replies to a Circular in relation to the occurrence of an unusual Meteoric Display on the 13th Nov. 1834, addressed by the Secretary of War to the Military posts of the United States, with other facts relating to the same question." American Journal of Science, 28 (1835): 305-309.]


1834 Nov 12 - 13 / Nothing unusual reported from N. Eng., N.Y,, Nor Car, S. Car., Florida, La, Mo, etc. / A. J. Sci 28-307 / And yet Prof. Olmsted at New Haven, and Mr. Twining in N.Y., reported them from 1 a.m. till daybreak. [I; 1940. Bache, A.D. "Replies to a Circular in relation to the occurrence of an unusual Meteoric Display on the 13th Nov. 1834, addressed by the Secretary of War to the Military posts of the United States, with other facts relating to the same question." American Journal of Science, 28 (1835): 305-309. "The returns just given, are from eleven posts in the Atlantic States from Maine to East Florida, from six posts in the Western States or frontier, and from five on the northern frontier; they agree in stating, with one exception, that no unusual meteoric display was noticed on the night of the 12th, 13th of November, 1834." "The November-Asteroids." Magazine of Popular Science, 3 (1837): 56-62, at 62. "1834. In the night of the 12th-13th, a large number of shooting stars were seen in several of the United States of America; and their appearance produced a discussion between several physiciens of that part of the world. It was at this time that Professor Olmsted, of Newhaven, U.S., demonstrated the analogy of this phenomenon with that of the preceding year."]


1834 Dec 15, 16 / Marsala and Palermo ab 50 miles apart. [I; 1941.]


1834 Dec 15 or 10 / Many stones / night / Marsala, Sicily / BA 60. [I; 1942. Greg, 74.]


[1834] / BO / "At Marsala, on the southern coast of Sicily, on a serene day there appeared in the sky a small black cloud; which gradually extending, at last disgorged itself in a shower of stones, which broke the slates and roofs of the houses." / Niles Register, Aug 8, 1835. [I; 1943.1, 1943.2. "Natural phenomenon." Niles' Weekly Register, 48 (August 8, 1835): 397.]


1834 Dec 16 / volc and substance / 4 a.m. / Hurricane / an immense shower of yellow hailstones / Mag. Nat Hist 8/143 / At Palermo. [I; 1944. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 8 (March 1835): 129-161, at 143-144.]


[1834 Dec 17. Wrong date. See: 1824 Dec 17, (I; 1945).]


1834 Dec 21 / —3 h / Venus Inf Conj Sun / (Al). [I; 1946.]


1835:

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               


1835 about / The Bell witch (Bell family) / Robertson Co., Alabama / Religio-Ph. J., Oct 9-1-2, 1875. [A; 114. "The Sleeping Preacher." Religio-Philosophical Journal, 19 (no. 4; October 9, 1875): 231, (c. 2-5).]


1835, etc. / Haunted house of Willington, Tyneside / Jour Soc 5/331 / See June 1840. [A; 115. "The Haunted House at Willington.” Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 5 (December 1892): 331-352. See: 1840 period of June, (A; 143).]


1835 / Halley's Comet / Letter received by Littrow (director of Observatory of Vienna) from Sir John Herschell that Halley's Comet, positively expected in August, would not be visible because it had long before changed its orbit. / L.T., Ap. 23-3-d. [I; 1947. "Halley's Comet." London Times, April 23, 1835, p. 3 c. 4. "A letter from Vienna announces that M. Liltrow [Joseph Johann von Littrow], director of the observatory in that city, has received from the celebrated English astronomer Herschell, now residing at the Cape of Good Hope, the remarkable intelligence that Halley's comet, of which so much has been said, and which is positively expected in August this year, will not be visible, because it has long since changed the direction of its course, and now revolves in a different orbit. A report by our astronomers on this important subject it is expected will soon be published.—Dutch paper."]


1835 Jan, early in / Vesuvius / An. Reg. '35-1. [I; 1948. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 77 (1835): pt. 2, 1-180, at 1-2, cv. "Eruption of Vesuvius."]


1835 Jan 2 / Op Mars / (Al). [I; 1949.]


1835 Jan. 2 / Extraordinary display of mets at Mornez, near Geneva. / Proc. Amer Phil. Soc 13-501. [I; 1950. Kirkwood, Daniel. "On the Meteors of January 2nd." Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 13 (1873): 501-502.]


1835 Jan 6 / Great q. / Mexico / BA '11. [I; 1951. Milne, 705.]


1835 Jan 6 / Mexico / III / [Great quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1952. Milne, 705.]


1835 Jan 12 / Breslau / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1953. Greg, 74.]


1835 Jan 13 / (ver) / Ferriginous sand at Lobau, Saxony / CR 83-77. [I; 1954. Tissandier, Gaston. "Analyse micrographique comparative de corpuscles ferrugineux atmosphériques et de fragments détachés de la surface des météorites." Comptes Rendus, 83 (1876): 76-78, at 77.]


1835 Jan 13 / Meteoric dust / Lobau, Saxony / L'Astro 2/84 / following explosion of bolide. [I; 1955. Daubrée, Gabriel Auguste. "Les Pierres Tombées du Ciel.." Astronomie, 2 (1883): 41-48, 81-89, at 84.]


1835 Jan 13 / Berlin / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 1956. Greg, 75.]


1835 Jan 18 / Lobau / 4:30 p.m. / A "curious account" in 10th Sup to Chladni—in Poggendorf's Annalen, vol. 4. / D-68. [I; 1957. The note copies information from page 68 of The Book of the Damned. Boguslawski, Georg von. "Zehnter Nachtrag zu Chladni's Verzeichnisse der Feuermeteore und herabgefallenen Massen (Wien 1819)." Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Ergänzungsband, 4 (1854): 1-155, 353-456, at 79, 353-354. Finicus, D. "Beobachtung des Falles eines Meteorsteines bei Löbau, in der königl. sächs. Oberlausitz, am 18. Januar 1835." Journal für Praktische Chemie, 5 (1835): 41-42. Greg, 75.]


1835 Jan 19 / [L.T.], 7-a / Vesuvius. [I; 1958. "Vesuvius." London Times, January 19, 1835, p. 7 c. 1.]


1835 Jan 19 / Great volcanic eruption / w. coast Central America. / Mag of Pop Sci 2/284 /// 20 / 271. [I; 1959. Caldcleugh, Alexander. "Volcanic Eruption in the Bay of Fonseca, on the Western Coast of Central America." Magazine of Popular Science, 2 (1836): 284-287. Caldcleugh, Alexander. "Some Account of the Volcanic Eruption of Cosegüina in the Bay of Fonseca, commonly called the Bay of Conchagua, on the Western Coast of Central America." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 126 (1836): 27-30.]


1835 Jan 19 - 23 / at  Coseguine / 13N and 87W, / Great eruption / Mag Pop. Sci 2-287 / Said that the ashes reached as far as Chiapa in the north—"upwards of 400 leagues to the windward of the volcano: thus proving the existence of a counter current of wind in the higher regions of the atmosphere." There were deluges of rain. "At this season such an occurrence was extraordinary and almost unprecedented in Central America. [I; 1960.1, 1960.2. Caldcleugh, Alexander. "Volcanic Eruption in the Bay of Fonseca, on the Western Coast of Central America." Magazine of Popular Science, 2 (1836): 284-287, at 287. Caldcleugh, Alexander. "Some Account of the Volcanic Eruption of Cosegüina in the Bay of Fonseca, commonly called the Bay of Conchagua, on the Western Coast of Central America." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 126 (1836): 27-30, at 30.]


1835 Jan 20 / Eruption of Cosequina, Mexico. After that the same brilliant sunsets and sunrises as those attrib to Krakatoa. / Houston, Volcs and Earthquakes, p. 93. [I; 1961. Houston, Edwin James. The Wonder Book of Volcanoes and Earthquakes. New York: Frederick A. Stokes, 1907, 93. The eruption of the Cosigüina volcano, in Nicaragua, began on January 20th, (and spewed ash clouds until the 25th), 1835, and was the largest in recorded history in Nicaragua. Self, Stephen; Rampino Michael R.; and, Carr, Michael J. 1989. "A reappraisal of the 1835 eruption of Cosiguina and its atmospheric impact." Bulletin of Volcanology, 52 no. 1 (October 1989): 57-65.]


1835 Jan 29 / Volc. / Cent Amer / Column in L.T., June 30-6-a. [I; 1962. "Great Volcanic Eruption." London Times, June 30, 1835, p. 6 c. 1-2. English translations of government reports about the eruption of the Cosigüina volcano are provided.]


1835 Jan 20 / Great q, Chili / and extreme volcanic phe / Mag of Pop Sci 2/278. [I; 1963. Caldcleugh, Alexander. "The Great Earthquake in Chile, in 1835." Magazine of Popular Science, 2 (1836): 279-284. On page 280, "The igneous vents of the whole range of the Cordillera may be said to have been in remarkable activity both preceding and at the moment of the late convulsion."]


1835 Jan 20 / The volc / The shower of dust lasted till the 27th. / Arc of Sci 1836-261. [I; 1964. "Eruption of the Volcano of the Cosiguina, in Nicaragua." Arcana of Science, 9 (1836): 261-262.]


1835 Jan 20, etc. / Volc / Nicaragua / A. J. Sci 28-332 (good). [I; 1965. "Volcanic Eruptions and Earthquakes." American Journal of Science, 28 (1835): 332-340, at 332-336.]


1835 Jan 20 / Three volcs burst out simultaneously in the Andes, ac to Darwin (Trans. Geolog. Soc., March, 1838). / Osorno, Lat 40S / Aconcagua, 32S / Cosequina, Lat 13N / Os and Cos are 3700 miles apart. [I; 1966. Darwin, Charles. "On the Connexion of certain Volcanic Phenomena in South America; and on the Formation of Mountain Chains and Volcanos, as the Effect of the same Power by which Continents are elevated." Transactions of the Geological Society of London, s. 2 v. 5 pt. 3 (1840): 601-631, at 610-611. Aconcagua is the highest mountain in the Southern and Western hemispheres; but, it has not been an active volcano in historical times. Darwin states: "When I was at Valparaiso some time afterwards, Mr. Byerbache, a resident merchant, informed me, that sailing out of the harbour one night very late, he was awakened by the captain to see the volcano of Aconcagua in activity. As this is a most rare event I recorded the date." As Aconcagua was not erupting, the closest volcanoes that were possibly active, in 1835, would have been: Maipo, Planchon-Peteroa, and Tupungatto, (from the nearest to the farthest from Valparaiso, going north).]


1835 Jan 20 - 23 / Violent shocks / Honduras / BA 1911-50. [I; 1967. Turner, H.H., et al. "Seismological Investigations." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1911, 30-67, at 50.]


1835 Jan 22 - 23 / (T) / night / L.T., Ap. 16-3-d / Letters from Belize. Supposed great volc eruption somewhere in Cent Amer. Sounds like gunfire heard and it was supposed that a vessel was in distress. Not known up to Feb. 13 where it was. So like gunfire that guns at fort in Belize fired in answer to the supposed ship. Boats were sent off to find the ship. On 24th, a vessel came in reporting the fall of ashes Truxillo. In Guatemala the sounds heard and thought gunfire and the troops ordered under arms. This second cor had heard that the volc was at San Salvador, ab 90 miles from Belize. Evidently no sand fell at Belize. // L.T., May 5-3 / Eruptions, one at San Salvador and one near Belize (doubtful? I say.) One near Truxillo. [I; 1968.1 to 1968.4. "Great Volcanic Eruption." London Times, April 16, 1835, p. 3 c. 4. "On the 23d ult., about 3 o'clock in the morning, we heard firing like from a vessel in distress, and boats were sent out, but they returned without any intelligence of the noise. His majesty's ship Firefly came in on the 24th, and stated that off the coast of Truxillo the rigging and vessel were covered with ashes. On the 13th (to-day) I had a letter from ——, dated the 31st of January. He tells me that on the morning of the 23d ult. the troops were under arms at Guatemala, in consequence of a continued firing being heard towards Quesaltenango, and the guns were brought to the Plaza, &c. We have since been informed that the noise was caused by an eruption of the volcano of San Vincente, a place close to San Salvador and the Pacific, a distance from this of about 90 leagues in a direct line. 13 or 14 villages and towns have been destroyed. The loss of life is not known. The Jamaica papers say that the vessels in Port Royal were covered on the 23d ult with dust. It cannot have come from San Vincente." "The following is an extract of a letter fro Belize, Honduras, dated Jan. 24...." London Times, March 20, 1835, p. 3 c. 2.]


1835 Jan 23 / (Loc mets) /At Bogota, from 1 to 8 a.m., sounds of meteors. Meteors and the sounds were like firing of artillery and musketry. [I; 1969.]


1835 Jan 23 / Said that the sounds were "produced by the bursting of meteors in the sky". Not said were seen. / Niles Register, May 16, 1835. [I; 1970. "A letter from Bogota...." Niles' Weekly Register, 48 (May 16, 1835): 190.]


1835 Jan 23 - 26 / (+) / (volc dust vs trade wind elsewhere) / Volcanoes in Central America. Dust fell 800 or 900 miles away. / Mag Nat Hist 8-428 / But "the dust falling at Jamaica was supposed there to come from the eastward." Writer thinks was carried far beyond Jamaica "and also far above the trade wind["] and then falling to and carried back by the trade wind. [I; 1971.1, 1971.2. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 8 (August 1835): 417-453, at 427-428. Clarke writes of "several volcanoes" erupting but fails to identify any of them, (including the Cosigüina volcano in Nicaragua).]


1835 Jan 24 - 25 / Sky obscured and ashes falling in Jamaica from volc of 19th. / Mag Pop. Sci 2-287. [I; 1972. Caldcleugh, Alexander. "Volcanic Eruption in the Bay of Fonseca, on the Western Coast of Central America."  Magazine of Popular Science, 2 (1836): 284-287, at 287. Caldcleugh, Alexander. "Some Account of the Volcanic Eruption of Cosigüina in the Bay of Fonseca, commonly called the Bay of Conchagua, on the Western Coast of Central America." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 126 (1836): 27-30, at 30.]


1835 / Chili / Ac to M. Domeiko, of the University of Santiago, the volcanoes of Chile showed no perturbations. There was some activity at the time. Mr. D was at Llanquihué and it smoked with neither increase nor decrease. / The Student 4-147. [I; 1973. "The Great Earthquake of Peru, 1868." Student and Intellectual Observer, 4 (1870): 146-148, at 147. The Osorno volcano.]


1835 Jan 23 / Quito, Ecuador / noises in sky / 7 hours / BA '60 / 1200 miles from the volcano. [I; 1974. Greg, 75. "Noises heard apparently in the air from 1 A.M. till 8 A.M."]


1835 Jan. 29 / Wallachia / Stones that burned like coal / An. Reg 1835/338. [I; 1975. (Annual Register, 1835-338). "Shower of Meteorolites." New Monthly Magazine and Literary Journal, n.s., 43 (1835): 263.]


1835 Feb 6 / fireball / Tuscany, Italy / BA 60. [I; 1976. Greg, 75. Greg lists a large "fireball," (not an earthquake, "q").]


1835 Feb. 6 / Parma / Fireball / BA '60. [I; 1977. Greg, 75. The fireball is listed in Greg's catalog, ("60"), not Milne's, ("11").]


[1835 Feb 8. Wrong date. See: 1835 March 8, (I; 1978).]


1835 Feb. 9 / See May 19, 1806. / at 0° 57' S and 25° 39' W. / Vessel has a sharp shock as if struck reef. [I; 1979. Mallet, 251-252. "On board the barque 'La Couronne' of Liverpool a shock was felt as if the vessel had struck on and grated along a coral reef. On sounding, no bottom was found with 135 fathoms. The ship was going at the rate of six knots with a fine breeze from the E.S.E." See: 1806 May 19, (I; 182). Daussy, Pierre. "Note sur l'existence probable d'un volcan sous-marin situé par environ 0°20' de latitude sud, et 22° de longitude ouest." Comptes Rendus, 6 (April 16, 1838): 512-516, at 514. See: 1806 May 19, (I; 182). Mallet also identie the ship as The Crown, of Liverpool. Mallet, Robert. "Fourth Report upon the Facts and Theory of Earthquake Phenomena." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1858, 1-136, at 20 & 22.]


1835 Feb. 12 / Ship—severe q. / 10 h 15 m / Lat 18°, 47m N. / Long 61°, 22m W / L.T., March 28 / Lasted ab. a minute but no uncommon ripple on the calm water. [I; 1980. "Earthquake at Sea." London Times, March 28, 1835, p. 5 c. 4. "Extract from the log-book of the James Cruikshank, Captain John Young, on her voyage from Demerara to London:—"Feb. 12, 1835, At 10h. 15m. a severe shock of earthquake shook the ship in a most violent manner. Although it lasted about a minute, there was no uncommon ripple on the water. It was quite calm at the time. Latitude 18 deg. 47 min. N.; longitude 61 deg. 22 min. W. Mid. calm and clear."]


1835 Feb 15 / Violent th. storms, destroying churches in Yorkshire and in Germany. Also th storms on 21st and 22nd. / Mag Nat Hist 8-428. [I; 1981. Clarke, William Branwhite. "On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena...." Magazine of Natural History, 8 (August 1835): 417-453, at 428-429.]


1835 Feb 20 / 11:30 a.m. / Great q, Chile / 2 eruptions of dense smoke from the sea. Q followed by rain and windstorms. / BA 54. [I; 1982. Mallet, 252. Milne, 705.]


1835 Feb 20 / 11:30 a.m. / q—Chile / Tidal wave rolled in 28 feet above high water mark. 2 eruptions of smoke from the sea. / BA 54. [I; 1983. Mallet, 252. Charles Darwin felt this earthquake, at Valdiva, and observed the results from its destruction with Robert FitzRoy. Darwin, Charles. Journal of Researches Into the Natural History And Geology of the Countries Visited During the Voyage of H.M.S. Beagle Round the World : Under the Command of Capt. Fitz Roy, R.N. New edition. London: J. Murray, 1852, 301-312. "In Captain Fitz Roy's excellent account of the earthquake, it is said that two explosions, one like a column of smoke and another like the blowing of a great whale, were seen in the bay. The water also appeared every where to be boiling; and it 'became black, and exhaled a most disagreeable sulphureous smell.'"]


1835 Feb 20 to March 4 / 300 shocks, all over Chile / Geog Mag 4-207. [I; 1984. "The Great Earthquake on the Coast of Peru." Geographical Magazine, 4 (1877): 206-209, at 207, c.v. "1835. Feb. 20."]


1835 Feb. 20 / 11:30 a.m. / Chile / q / Message from town of Concepcion—"This town has ceased to exist. Sea rose 33 feet, landed a vessel in the town square. / L.T., July 6-2-d. [I; 1985. "By the arrival at Liverpool...." London Times, July 6, 1835, p. 2 c. 3-4. "The ruin of Conception and Talcahuana is complete. At Conception there remains only one house for the shelter of the inhabitants." At Talcahuana: "The sea rose 33 feet above its ordinary level, and drove into the town-square the national bark Mapocho, and placed other vessels in imminent danger." The following quote refers to Talca, (not Conception): "Two hours ago this town ceased to exist."]


1835 Feb. 20 to March 6, and on 17th / 11 a.m. / q. / Chile / A. J. Sci 28-336 / Attrib to a volc in Lat 36 [S.] and 30 leagues from coast. / sea wave 30 feet. [I; 1986. "Volcanic Eruptions and Earthquakes." American Journal of Science, 28 (1835): 332-340, at 336-340.]


1835 Feb. 24 / See Feb. 8. [I; 1987. See: 1835 March 8, (I; 1978).]


1835 Feb. 26 / Columbia, Haiti, Venezuela / III / [Great quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1988. Milne, 705.]


[1835 March 8 /] 1835 Feb 8 / 16 qs / Tuscany places of / See Ap 15 - 17, 1834. / On 24th, at Palermo, "flashes of lightning darted for a particular group of clouds" during shocks. / BA 54. [I; 1978. Mallet, 253.]


1835 March 13, etc. / Vesuvius / Arcana of Science 1836-259 / etc., on L. Times, Ap 8-4-f. [I; 1989. "Vesuvius." Arcana of Science, 9 (1836): 259. "An eruption of Mount Vesuvius...." London Times, April 8, 1835, p. 4 c. 6. "An eruption of Mount Vesuvius took place on the 13th ult., accompanied by remarkable phenomena. A new crater suddenly opened and vomited volumes of smoke and a quantity of stones. On the 14th the bottom of that opening appeared illuminated with flames of different colours, and a frightful noise was heard underneath. Smoke and flames also issued from two fissures of the old crater. These phenomena are considered as the forerunners of a grand eruption."]


1835 March 22 / At Fortress Troizkosaffsk, Russian and Prussian frontier, 9 p.m., "a remarkable meteoric appearance and noise". / BA 60. [I; 1990. Greg, 75. Boguslawski, Georg von. "Zehnter Nachtrag zu Chladni's Verzeichnisse der Feuermeteore und herabgefallenen Massen (Wien 1819)." Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Ergänzungsband, 4 (1854): 1-155, 353-456, at 79. Kämtz, Ludwig Friedrich. Lehrbuch der Meteorologie. Halle: In der Gebauerschen Buchhandlung, 1831-1836, v. 3, 301-302. (@ OPACplus, Preussische Staatszeitung, no. 162.) Troitska? ]


1835 March 23 / Cuneo, Italy / q / I [Light] / BA 11. [I; 1991. The earthquake is listed in Milne's catalog, ("11"), not Greg's, ("60"). Milne, 705.]


1835 March 24 / 2:07 a.m., severe shocks / 4:23 a.m.—"Flashes of lightning darted from a particular group of clouds["]—and 3 other shocks. / B.A., '54. [I; 1992. Mallet, 253.]


1835 Ap. 1 / Vesuvius / violent after long quiet / BA 54. [I; 1993. Mallet, 253.]


1835 Ap. 2 / Vesuvius / violent eruption / A. J. Sci 28-340. [I; 1994. "Volcanic Eruptions and Earthquakes." American Journal of Science, 28 (1835): 332-340, at 340.]


1835 Ap. 9 / Lat. 7N. and Long 99W. / Vessel sailed 50 miles through thinly scattered pumice stones. / Niles Register 51-66. [I; 1995. "Supposed Volcano at Sea." Niles' Weekly Register, 51 (October 1, 1836): 66.]


1835 Ap. 14 / Pribylof Islands, Behring Sea / III / [Heavy quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1996. Milne, 705.]


1835 Ap 15 / Slight shocks, Borgotaro, Tuscany, place of Ap 15, 1834. On 20th, 2 p.m., severe shock and detonations. / BA 54. [I; 1997. Mallet, 254.]


1835 Ap. 21 / Russia, Bessarabia, Bucharest / I / [Light quake / BA 1911]. [I; 1998. Milne, 705.]


1835 Ap. 25 / 3:45 a.m. / Borgotaro. / Another shock and "very intense noise". / BA 54 / On Aug 1, sound heard here. [I; 1999. Mallet, 254-255.]


1835 May / Cacciatore's planet / Nature 18-261. [I; 2000. "Our Astronomical Column." Nature, 18 (July 4, 1878): 261.]


1835 May 11 and 14 ./ Cacciatore's planet / C.R. 3/141, 424. Details / See Nature 18/261. [I; 2001.  "Sur une nouvelle petite planète dont l'existence a ètè soupçonnées par M. Cacciatore...." Comptes Rendus, 2 (1836): 154-155 ."Sur deux planètes nouvellement soupçonnées," Comptes Rendus, 3 (1836): 141-143. "Sur le nouvel Astre aperçu par M. Cacciatore." Comptes Rendus, 3 (1836): 424.  "Our Astronomical Column." Nature, 18 (July 4, 1878): 261.]


1835 May / Edinburgh / Polt / "Footfalls," p. 253. [A; 116. Owen, Robert Dale. Footfalls on the Boundary of Another World. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott, 1889, 253-255.]  


1835 May 13 / Sumter District, S.C. / Tornado / Finley's Rept. [I; 2002. Finley, 3.]


1835 May 14 / afternoon / Macon, Georgia / Tornado / Finley's Rept. [I; 2003. Finley, 3.]


1835 June 13 / Königsberg / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 2004. Greg, 75.]


1835 June 15 / 12:29 a.m. // June 17 / 12:29 a.m. // June 20 / exact time not given /// loud detonations and slight shocks / Majorica / An Reg '35-94. [I; 2005. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 77 (1835): pt. 2, 1-180, at 94, cv. "Earthquake in Majorca."]


1835 June 19 / Waterspout / New Brunswick [N.J.] / A. J. Sci 36-115 / 5:30 p.m. [I; 2006. Beck, Lewis C. "Note on the New Brunswick Tornado, or Water Spout of 1835." American Journal of Science, 36 (1839): 115-118.]


1835 June 19 / 4 p.m. / Tornado / Finley's Rept. [I; 2007. At Kinderhook, New York. Finley, 3.]


1835 June 19 / 5:12 p.m. / New Brunswick, N.J. / Tornado / Finley's Rept / Tornado and w. spout. [I; 2008. No mention of a waterspout in Finley's catalog. Finley, 3. Beck, Lewis C. "Note on the New Brunswick Tornado, or Water Spout of 1835." American Journal of Science, 36 (1839): 115-118.]


1835 July 16 / 22 h / Mercury / Inf conjunction sun / (Al). [I; 2009.]


1835 July 17 / Milan and Wirtemberg / 8:30 p.m. / S.E. to N.W. / detonating meteor / exploded over Wirtemberg / seen at Stutgardt and other places / no stones mentioned / BA 60. [I; 2010. Greg, 75.]


1835 July 18 / Aerhaus and Berlin / Fireball / BA 60. [I; 2011. Greg, 75.]


1835 July 20 / Russia / I / [Light quake / BA 1911]. [I; 2012. Milne, 705.]


1835 July 30 or 31 or Aug 1. / 2:30 p.m. / Dickson Co, Tenn. / Loud detonations / iron found later / BA 60-75. [I; 2013. Greg, 75. Greg gives the date as July 30.]


1835 July 31 or Aug. 1 / Met iron / Charlotte, Dickson Co, Tenn. / (on other notes) "F" = Fletcher's Intro to Study of Mets. [I; 2014. Fletcher, 68. This is the Charlotte meteorite.]


1835 Aug. 3 / Chichester / bet. 11 - 12 p.m. / 2 shocks / L.T., Aug 11, 1835. [I; 2015. "Shock of an Earthquake at Chichester." London Times, August 11, 1835, p. 5 c. 5.]


1835 Aug. 4 / Great concussion / air / S. Herefordshire / stone of Aldsworth probably from / Rept BA 1860-75 / See July 4, '34. [I; 2016. Greg, 75. This is the Aldsworth meteorite. See: 1834 July 4, (I; 1892).]


1835 Aug 4 / 4:30 p.m. / South Herefordshire / Tretire, Herefordshire / explosive sound / thought meteoric / BA 52-184. Also at Malvern / The Analyst, 1835-175. [I; 2017. "Meteorological Report." The Analyst: A Quarterly Journal of Science, Literature, Natural History, and the Fine Arts, 3 (1836): 175. "On the 4th of August, hardly a cloud to be any where discerned—the air calm and hot—about four or half-past, p. m., a loud clap, apparently of thunder, burst over us, quite near, with a continued rumbling as if the sound reverbrated among clouds. We were out of doors at the time and the noise seemed to come from somewhere over-head." Powell, Baden. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1851-52." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1852, Reports on the State of Science, 178-239, at 184.]


1835 Aug 4 / Ab 1/2 mile from where the met fell, there was a shower of small pieces. Children thought it a shower of black beetles and held out hands to catch the supposed insects. Was 4:30 p.m. / BA 57-140. [I; 2018. Powell, Baden. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1856-57." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1857, Reports on the State of Science, 131-153, at 140. This is the Aldsworth meteorite.]


1835 Aug 4 / Gloucester / "an extraordinary concussion of the air felt and heard" / ab. 3:30 a.m. / Like a report of heavy ordnance / L.T. 24-3-d. [I; 2019. "Earthquake in Lancashire." London Times, August 24, 1835, p. 3 c. 4. "An extraordinary concussion of the air was felt and heard on Tuesday, the 4th instant. It has been described as a report as of heavy ordnance, and followed by a reverbrating heavy sound for some seconds. A great peculiarity attending it, and most strongly showing the immensity of its distance, is the impression it made on all those who heard it, as if it was immediately in their vicinity."]


1835 Aug 4 / Sound / ab. 4:30 p.m. / S. Herefordshire / "Most extraordinary concussion in the air." / BA '52/184. [I; 2020. Powell, Baden. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1851-52." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1852, Reports on the State of Science, 178-239, at 184.]


1835 Aug 4 / Aldsworth, near Circencester / Metite / (F) / Nature 94-258 / C.R. 125-896. [I; 2021. Fletcher, 100. This is the Aldsworth meteorite. Denning, William Frederick. "A Meteoritic Fall in Lancashire." Nature, 94, (November 5, 1914): 258-259. Meunier, Stanislas. "Sur quelques circonstances particulières qui paraissent avoir avoir accompagné la chute d'une météorite le 9 avril 1891 à Indarck, en Transcaucasie." Comptes Rendus, 125 (1897): 894-897, at 896.]


1835 Aug. 7, etc. / L.T. Index / Halley's Comet. [I; 2022. "Halley's Comet," London Times, August 7, 1835, p. 5 c. 4. "The Comet." London Times, August 8, 1835, p. 5 c. 3. "Halley's Comet." London Times, August 24, 1835, p. 3 c. 2.]


1835 Aug 19 / q and sea waves / Japan / III / [Heavy / BA 1911]. [I; 2023. Milne, 705.]


1835 Aug 20 / q / Lancashire / See March 10, 1843. [I; 2024. Milne, David. "Notices of Earthquake-Shocks felt in Great Britain...." Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 31 (1841): 92-122, at 121.]


1835 Aug 20 / q. / Manchester / M. Post, Oct 9, '63 / 1863. [I; 2025. "Earthquakes in Manchester." London Morning Post, October 9, 1863, p. 8 c. 3.]


1835 Aug 20 / q / Clitheroe, etc., Lancashire / ab. 3:30 a.m. / LT 24-3-d. [I; 2026. "Earthquake in Lancashire." London Times, August 24, 1835, p. 3 c. 4.]


1835 Aug 23 / Volc eruption / Mt. Ardscheh, in Cappadocia / BA 54 / Gentleman's Mag. gives date Aug 25. [I; 2027. Mallet, 255-256. "Foreign News." Gentleman's Magazine, n.s., 5 (February, 1836): 195-196, at 195. "The Journal of Odessa describes the ravages of a dreadful earthquake, which occurred on the 25th of August, at Kaisarich, (the ancient Cæsarea in Cappadocia,) and the surrounding villages" The Gentleman's Magazine does not mention anything regarding a volcanic eruption. "Météorologie." Comptes Rendus, 1 (1835): 231-233. The Journal de Smyrne, quoted in the Comptes Rendus, gives the date of the smoke, flames, and detonations of the volcano, and the earthquake as August 13, with details of the damaged villages. Garnier, Jean-Guillaume. Traité de météorologie, ou Physique du globe. Brussels: Société Belge de Libraire, 1837, 175-176. Garnier gives the date as August 25. Huot, Jean-Jacques-Nicolas. Nouveau cours élémentaire de géologie. Paris: Roret, 1837, v. 1, 118. Huot gives the date as August 13. Ponton, Mungo. Earthquakes and Volcanoes. London: T. Nelson, 1868, 66-67. Revised ed. London: T. Nelson, 1870, 61. Ardschih Dagh, (or Mount Ardscheh), is another name of the Erciyes Dagi volcano, (which is now said to possibly have most recently erupted in 253 B.C.).]


1835 Aug 23 / Asia Minor / III / [Heavy quake / BA 1911]. [I; 2028. Milne, 705.]


1835 Aug 25 / 5. p.m. / Mount Kassarich, near Odessa / thick smoke and flames from mt and q's till Sept. 1 / q's in Oct / An Reg 35-143. [I; 2029. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 77 (1835): pt. 2, 1-180, at 143, cv. "Earthquake.—Odessa." There is no mention of earthquakes in October in this article.]


[1835 Aug 30. Wrong date. See: 1835 Sept 14, (I; 2030).]


1835 Sept. 3 / Hurricane / Barbadoes / L.T. 23-2-f. [I; 2031. "Dreadful Hurricane at Barbadoes." London Times, September 23, 1835, p. 2 c. 6.]


1835 Sept. 6 / Gelat / Germany / Gotha / 20 / D-49. [I; 2032. The note copies information from page 49 of The Book of the Damned. Greg, 75. Greg notes: "...fell leaving a jelly-like mass on the ground," and, "Fell 3 feet from the observer on the ground with a loud noise." Hoff, Karl Ernst Adolf von. "Zur Geschichte der Sternschnuppen." Annalen der Physik und Chemie, s. 2 v. 36 (1835): 315-317.]


1835 Sept. 13 / Mauduit said he saw whirlwind take up, at Caux, all the water and living fishes in a "mare". / Cosmos 3/4/697. [I; 2033. "Sur les pluies de crapauds." Cosmos, s. 3 v. 4 (June 19, 1869): 696-697, at 697. Meunier, Victor. Les Animaux à Métamorphoses. Tours: Alfred Mame, 1867, 87. Becquerel, Antoine César. Traité expérimental de l'électricité et du magnétisme. Paris: Firmin Didot Frères, 1840, v. 6, 189. "Physique." Echo du Monde Savant, v. 1 no. 83 (October 30, 1835): 414. "M. Mauduyt nous écrit pour nous fournir quelques nouveaux détails sur la trombe que nous avons signalées dans notre numéro 80. 'Ce phénomene, dit-il, n'a pas seulement exercé ses ravages dans la commune de Caux, mais il les a étendus dans celle de Champagné-Saint-Hilaire, où, entre autres faits remarquables, il a mis à sec une grande mare dans laquelle se trouvait du poisson, et a transporté l'eau et ce qu'elle contenait à une distance d'une lieue et demie, au grand étonnement des personnes qui ont été témoins de cette pluie icthyologique.'" Thus, L. Mauduyt's own account may simply have been another example of the phenomena of whirlwinds, (rather than the one observed at Caux, in 1835), which, at Champagné-Saint-Hilaire (Vienne), took up a large pond and the fish therein, over a distance of a mile-and-a-half, before depositing it as a shower of fishes.]


1835 Sept 14 / q's / France / BA 54. [I; 2034. Mallet, 256.]


[1835 Sept 14 /] 1835 Aug 30 / q / Dept. Drôme, France / B Assoc 256/1854 / See Sept 14, 1836. [I; 2030. Mallet, 256. See: 1836 Sept 14, (I; 2127).]


1835 Sept 20 / Near Bristol / Army in sky / Cosmos, N.S., 13/264. [I; 2035. Maze, Camille-Modeste. "Les Armées Météores." Cosmos, s. 4 (n.s.), 13 (May 25, June 8, June 15, June 22, and June 29, 1889): 213-215, 263-268, 287-288, 311- 316, 350-353, at 264. "Domestic Occurrences." Gentleman's Magazine, n.s., 4 (November, 1835): 543-544, at 543, cv. "Sept. 20." "That interesting natural phenomenon, the Mirage, was witnessed on Agar, one of the Mendip hills. It was first observed about 5 o'clock in the evening, and represented an immense body of troops, mounted and fully accoutred, which appeared to move along sometimes at a walking pace, and at other times at a quick trot, with drawn swords at the 'carry.' The phenomenon was observed for upwards of an hour, and was doubtless occasioned by the Bath troop of yeomanry cavalry, which was assembled on the day in question at Twerton, a distance of 15 miles from the place where it was witnessed." Garnier, Jean-Guillaume. Traité de Météorologie, ou Physique du Globe. Brussels: Société Belge de Libraire, 1837, 404. "Le 20 du mois septembre 1835, les habitants des campanes voisines de l'Agar, l'une des collines du Mendio, en Angleterre, furent témoins de ce singulier spectacle: vers 5 heures du soir, on aperçut dans le ciel couvert de vapeurs assez épaisses, un immense corps de troupes à cheval, qui semblait défiler, tantôt au pas, et tantôt au grand trot: les cavaliers, le sabre en main, étaient tous uniformément équipés, et l'on distinguait presque jusqu'aux brides et aux étriers. Pendant quelque temps, on les vit manœuvrer six de front, puis se former par deux rangs ou par files. Pendant plusieurs jours, ce spectacle extraordinaire a fait le sujet de toutes les conversations dans la ville de Bristol." The Mendip Hills and Twerton are in Somerset county. "A Touch of the Supernatural." Taunton Courier and Western Advertiser, October 7, 1835, p. 2 c. 3. "A Touch of the Supernatural"; "That interesting natural phenomenon, the Mirage...."; and, "With respect to the cause of these strange appearances...." Salisbury and Winchester Journal, October 12, 1835, p. 2 c. 6. "Mr. C. Tomlinson, of Salisbury, has obligingly furnished us with the following explanation...." Salisbury and Winchester Journal, October 12, 1835, p. 3 c. 2. "An interesting natural phenomenon...." Devizes and Wiltshire Gazette, October 8, 1835, p. 3 c. 4. (Bristol Mercury, September 26 or October 3, 1835, not on pages at BNA, many of them missing.)]


1835 Oct 2 / [L.T.], 3-c / etc. / Halley's Comet. [I; 2036. "The Comet." London Times, October 2, 1835, p. 3 c. 3. "According to the calculations of the ephemerides of the comet, that erratic globe must become perceptible to the eye in a few days."]


1835? / 1834 / Oct 6 / [L.T.], 1-f / etc. / Halley's Comet visible / See Aug. Index. [I; 2037. "Comet." London Times, October 6, 1834, p. 2 c. 6. The article copied from the New York Commercial Advertiser claims the appearance of Halley's Comet, in 1834, (a year before its 1835 appearance).]


1835 Oct 12-13 / (It?) / Flashes, q and whirlwind / See 1805. [I; 2038. (Galli, Ignazio. "Raccolta e classificazione di fenomeni luminosi osservati nei terremoti." Bollettino della Società Sismologica Italiana, 14 (1910): 221-448.) See: 1805 July 26, (I; 146).]

 

1835 Oct. 12 / Great q. / Calabria / BA 54. [I; 2039. Mallet, 256. Milne, 705.]


1835 Oct 12 / glass / Ab. 6 p.m. at Lambeth a large square of plate glass in a draper's shop Westminster-road. / Three bullet holes in glass. Not said bullets found but attributed to an air-gun. / See Oct. 31. [A; 117. "Air Guns." London Standard, October 15, 1835, p. 1 c. 4. See: 1835 Oct. 31, (A; 118).]


1835 Oct 14 / Intense darkness / Quebec / Niles Nat. Register 57-192. [I; 2040. "Chronicle." Niles' Weekly Register, 47 (November 16, 1839): 192, cv. Darkness at Quebec—singular phenomenon. See: 1819 Nov. 9, (I; 760).]


[1835 Oct 24. Wrong date. See: 1835 Nov (end), (I; 2042).]


1835 Oct 27 / ab. 4 a.m. / St. Bertrand de Comminques / sharp shock and rumbling sound / Another an hour later. [I; 2043. Mallet, 257.]


1835 Oct 27 / B.A. 54 / ab. 4 a.m. / very severe q in Haute-Garonne and rolling sound / See Jour des Deb., Nov 5. / Moniteur, Nov. 6. [I; 2044. Mallet, 257. "On écrit de Tarbes, 29 octobre." Journal des Débats, November 5, 1835, p. 3 c. 1. (Moniteur, November 6, 1835.)]


1835 Oct 27 / q and phe / ab. 4 a.m. / q in Haute-Pyrénees / the Cirque de Troumouse in the mountain enveloped in a burning sulphurous column. / CR 1-469. [I; 2045. "Lettre de M. Philippe à M. Cordier, sur un phénomène singulier qui, at Cirque de Troumouse, a accompagné le tremblement de terre du 27 octobre dernier." Comptes Rendus, 1 (1835): 469.]


1835 Oct. 28 / 3:45—near Baréges / and 4:30—Tarbes / shocks and sounds like thunder / BA 54. [I; 2046. Mallet, 257.]


1835 Oct 29 / q—meteors / ab. 4 a.m. / St. Gall, Appenzell, etc., Switz., and Bâle, 3:47 a.m. / Shocks. / sound like report of a cannon / Meteors. / BA 54. [I; 2047. Mallet, 258.]


1835 Oct. 29 / 3:47 a.m. at Bâle—4 a.m. other parts of Switzerland / Violent shocks—dull sound like distant cannon. "Luminous meteors were observed." / BA '54. [I; 2048. Mallet, 258.]


1835 Oct. 31 / Glass breaking / Home of Mr. Archbold, barrister, 4 Lindengrove, Kensington Gravel pits —a large conservatory in his garden—crash and part of the glass roof fell. / Day after day glass fell. Police could find out nothing. Mr. A suspected someone but nothing found out. No missiles mentioned.  / Glass broke while constables on watch. / (See Oct 12.) [A; 118.1, 118.2. "Extraordinary Occurrence." Preston Chronicle, November 21, 1835 p. 2 c. 3. The police inspector placed constables "outside of the premises , whilst Mr. Archbold's foot-boy watched from a balcony at the back of the house overlooking the conservatory." "While at their posts," another loud crash of glass occurred. "Mysterious Glass Breaking." Preston Chronicle, November 28, 1835, p. 2 c. 1-2. The "footboy" in service at this household confessed to damaging the bellows of an organ and throwing stones into the air so as to descend upon and break the glass on the roof of the conservatory. "Mysterious Glass Breaker." Hull Packet, November 27, 1835, p. 1 c. 6. See: 1835 Oct 12, (A; 117).]


1835 Nov. 1 / Attrib this to terrestrial volc—but none in Ky. [?]. etc. [I; 2049.]


1835 Nov. 1 / q—dry fog / q. / Moluccas / for 3 weeks had been preceded by a heavy sulphurous fog. There was a volc eruption on the island of Banda. / B.A., 54. [I; 2050. Mallet, 258. "Netherlands India." Asiatic Journal and Monthly Miscellany, s. 2 v. 20 pt. 2 (July 1836): 173. The severe earthquake occurred at Amboyna. The Banda Api volcano.]


1835 Nov. 7 / Trans Merc. [I; 2051.]


1835 Nov 11 / q / Concepcion, Chile / 2 volcs, 400 miles away, were in violent action. / BA '11. [I; 2052. Darwin, Charles. "On the Connexion of certain Volcanic Phenomena in South America; and on the Formation of Mountain Chains and Volcanos, as the Effect of the same Power by which Continents are elevated." Transactions of the Geological Society of London, s. 2 v. 5 pt. 3 (1840): 601-631, at 604. "Mr. Douglas states, that on the night of November 11th (ten months after the overthrow of Concepcion), Osorno and Corcovado both burst out in violent action, throwing up stones to a great height, and making much noise. He subsequently heard, that on the same day, Talcahuano, the port of Concepcion, little less than 400 miles distant, was shaken by a severe earthquake. This latter statement has since been confirmed to me by a gentleman, who was at the time resident in Chile. Here, then, we have a repetition of the same connected action, which was displayed in so remarkable a manner on the 20th of February." The Corcovado and the Osorno volcanoes. No reference to this was found in Milne's nor Hope-Jones' lists in the Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1911.]


1835 Nov. 13 / Met set fire to barn. / Ain, France / Rept. B.A. 1865-128. [I; 2053. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, Edward William Brayley, Alexander Stewart Herschel. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1864-65." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1865, 57-142, at 128.]


1835 Nov 13 - 14 / Great fall of mets seen in U.S. and by Sir John Herschel at Cape of Good Hope. Ac to Arago. / Mag Pop Sci 3/62 / (P). [I; 2054. "The November-Asteroids." Magazine of Popular Science, 3 (1837): 56-62, at 62.]


1835 Nov. 13 / Simonod (Ain), France / Oldham's Cat of Meteorites / (F?). [I; 2055. The Natural History Museum has the "Simonod" stone, but "probably not a genuine meteorite," according to its website; and, it was not included in Fletcher's catalog. (Oldham, Thomas. Catalogue of the meteorites in the Museum of the Geological Survey of India. Calcutta. Calcutta: Geological Survey of India, 1866.).]


1835 Nov. 13 / 9 p.m. / Belley (Ain) / Brilliant meteor seen and loud detonations heard. At the same time, a fire broke out on roof of a farm house and attrib to the meteor. / C.R. 1-414 // 2 strange stones found and thought been meteoric / had black crust / (2-66). [I; 2056.1, 2056.2. "Extrait d'une lettre de M. Millet Daubenton à M. Arago, sur un météore lumineux." Comptes Rendus, 1 (1835): 414-415. "Envoi de quelques portions de l'aérolithe qui tomba près de Belley le 13 novembre 1835, et mit le feu à une grange de Samonod." Comptes Rendus, 2 (1836): 66.]


1835 Nov 13 / loud detonations / near Belley (de l'Ain), France / Meteor said to have set fire to a barn. A stone was found—resembled obsidian but no nickel in it; so not meteoric. / (BA 60-75). [I; 2057. Greg, 75.]


1835 Nov 13 / This meteorite in the Museum of the Geological Survey, Calcutta, ac to Oldham. [I; 2058. (Oldham, Thomas. Catalogue of the meteorites in the Museum of the Geological Survey of India. Calcutta. Calcutta: Geological Survey of India, 1866.).]


1835 Nov. 13 / (Fr) / Near Belley (Ain), loud detonations. Stone resembling obsidian was found, "but no nickel, and is not meteoric." / BA '60-75 / 65-128. [I; 2059. Greg, 75.]


1835 Nov. 13 / (+) / (Fr) / Belley / 9 p.m. / Belley  (Ain) / Det met / C.R. 1/414 / 2 stones thought might have fallen were found. / 2/66 / and set fire to a "grange". [I; 2060. "Extrait d'une lettre de M. Millet Daubenton à M. Arago, sur un météore lumineux." Comptes Rendus, 1 (1835): 414-415. "Envoi de quelques portions de l'aérolithe qui tomba près de Belley le 13 novembre 1835, et mit le feu à une grange de Samonod." Comptes Rendus, 2 (1836): 66.]


1835 Nov (end) / (Fr) / Pau (Basses, Pyrénees) / q and loud explosive sounds / B.A., '54 / (See Oct 24.) [I; 2061. Mallet, 258. See: 1835 Nov (end), (I; 2042).]


[1835 Nov (end) /] 1835 Oct 24 / (Fr) / Pau / Sounds or qs / B Assoc 54/258 / See Nov. [I; 2042. Mallet, 258. For 1835, Mallet only records an earthquake at Pau at the "End of the month" of November. Fort may have copied "24" from the previous item and "Oct." from the top of the column, (on page 258). See: 1835 Nov (end), (I; 2061).]  


1835 Nov or Dec / Snails / Montpellier. **  [I; 2062.]


1835 Nov. 16 / Comet passed perihelion. / Newcomb, "Astronomy for Everybody, p. 262, tells only of successful predictions. "So exact was their work that two of them hit the time within five days: Professor Rosenberger assigned November eleventh as the date of return, and Pontécoulant predicted it for November thirteenth." / (ver.). [I; 2063.1, 2063.2. Philippe Gustave Doulcet, (1795-1874), was the "Comte de Pontécoulant." Newcomb, Simon. Astronomy for Everybody. New York: McClure, Phillips, 1903, 262. Stratford, William Samuel. On the Elements of the Orbit of Halley's Comet: At Its Appearance in the Years 1835 and 1836. London: Nautical Almanac, 1837, 4. "From a comparison of observations made at the latter end of August with the double Ephemeris, it was estimated that the Comet would arrive at its perihelion about 8.5 days later than the time stated by M. de  Pontécoulant." When re-calculated from "roughly reduced observations, made between Aug. 20 and Oct. 19, 1835," the perihelion passage was again obtained as: "1835, Nov. 15.93546, Mean Astronomical Time at Greenwich."  Pontécoulant. "Détermination du prochain retour au périhélie de la Comète de 1759." Connaissance des Temps, 1833, "Additions," 104-113, at 112-113. Pontécoulant states: "Instant du passage au périhélie, 7 novembre 1835"; and, he notes Damoiseau's similar prediction for "4 novembre 1835," (however, Pontécoulant and Damoiseau used different masses for the planets in calculating the perturbations). Forbes, George. History of Astronomy. New York: Putnam, 1909, 80-81. "When Halley's comet reappeared in 1835, Pontecoulant's computations for the date of perihelion passage were very exact, and afterwards he showed that, with more exact values of the masses of Jupiter and Saturn, his prediction was correct within two days, after an invisible voyage of seventy-five years!" "Halley's Comet." Sidereal Messenger, 2 (July 1848): 94-96. "The perihelion passage was predicted to within nine days of its actual occurrence, a most astonishing approximation to the truth, when it is remembered that this body, far as it penetrates into space, never, even at the remotest point of its orbit, escapes from the sensible influence of the planet Jupiter. Moreover, at that time, the new planet, Neptune, was unknown, and its influence over the comet could not be taken into account." Pontécoulant. "Sur la détermination du prochain retour de la comète de 1759." Connaissance des Temps, 1837, "Additions," 102-104. Pontécoulant re-calculated the effects of Jupiter, with a different mass, and obtained: "Instant du passage au périhélie, 12',6 novembre 1835" (computing the time for the meridian of Paris). Thus, (without taking into account the undiscovered planet of Neptune), Pontécoulant's prediction of its perihelion passage was refined to closely match the telescopic observations of Halley's comet, after it had, again, disappeared from view (in 1836).]    


1835 Nov 17 / Perihelion passage of Halley's Comet. Pontecoulant and Rosenberger had calculated it to be on 14th. / W. T. Lynn, in N and Q 10-1-152. [I; 2064. Lynn, William Thynne. "Halley's Comet." Notes and Queries, s. 10 v. 1 (February 20, 1904): 152. "Pontécoulant, who died in 1874, had previously calculated the position of the comet at the preceding return. His first determination was that the date of return to perihelion would be 14 November, 1835. Rosenberger came to a similar conclusion. The perihelion passage actually occurred about noon on the 17th of that month...."]


1835 Nov. 17 / Aurora / Nima / C.R. 1/499. [I; 2065. "Aurore boréale observée à Nimes." Comptes Rendus, 1 (1835): 499.]


1835 / Conjunctions with the moon / Nov 18—Saturn / 19—Mercury / 20—Mars / 21—Venus // Observatory 23/58 / solar eclipse on 20th. [I; 2066. Johnson, S.J. "Appulses of Jupiter, Saturn, and Venus." Observatory, 23 (January 1902): 57-59, at 58. Quoting Old Moore's Almanack for 1835: "It is rather a remarkable coincidence that Saturn will be in conjunction with the Moon on the 18th, Mercury on the 19th, Mars about midnight of the 20th, and Venus on the morning of the 21st. Hence where the eclipse is central these four planets, though so near the Sun, will be, most probably, visible." The path of totality for this solar eclipse was across the continent of Africa; and, going away to the east of the Sun, Mars and Venus would have been visible, and going away to the west of the Sun, Mercury and Saturn would have been visible, for example, in the morning sky, at Accra. Ghana.]


1835 end of Nov / / shocks / loud explosions / Rather severely cold weather turned and a hot, suffocating south wind blew. / BA 54. [I; 2067. Mallet, 258.]


1835 Nov. 18 / morning / Red glare in northern sky. Dome of St. Paul's brilliantly illuminated. Engines of the Fire Establishment called out repeatedly. / L.T., Nov. 19. [I; 2068. "The Northern Lights." London Times, November 19, 1835, p. 3 c. 2. "Nearly 60 of the men and 12 of the large engines belonging to the Fire Establishment were kept in almost incessant motion from 11 o'clock in the night till 6 o'clock yesterday morning, pursuing a number of false alarms of fire, which were caused by a succession of those brilliant phenomena, scientifically known as the aurora borealis...." "The southern side of the dome of St. Paul's was brilliantly illuminated by a reflected light, and no doubt existed of the correctness of the call." Baddeley, William. "London Fires in 1835." Mechanics' Magazine, 24 (February 6, 1836); 354-366, at 356.]


1835 last of Nov / At Pau (Basses Pyrénées), either shocks or sounds at time of a hot, suffocating south wind. / BA 54. [I; 2069. Mallet, 258.]


1835 Dec. 11 / A- / Canada / Kingston, etc. / AJS 30/131/. [I; 2070. Bonnycastle, Richard Henry. "Account of an Aurora Borealis, with a notice of a Solar Phenomenon." American Journal of Science, 30 (1836): 131-137.]


1835 Dec / A / dets / Am J. Sci 32/217. [I; 2071. Twining, Alexander C. "Observations upon certain Auroral and Optical Phenomena." American Journal of Science, 32 (1837): 217-229, at 217-220.]


1835 Dec 12 - 13 / ab. midnight / Berlin and Magdeburg / large meteor / BA 60. [I; 2072. Greg, 75.]


1835 Dec 22 / (moon) / Light like a star in Aristarchus / Proctor, Myths and Marvels / 329 / by Bailey.  [I; 2073. Proctor, Richard Anthony. Myths and Marvels of Astronomy. London: Longmans, Green, 1903, 329-330.]

 
Copyright 2015. All rights reserved.
Back to content | Back to main menu