Last updated: April 8, 2021. - Fortean Notes

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Last updated: April 8, 2021.

Charles Hoy Fort's Notes


1847 to 1848


1847:


1847 / Rain of frogs / Cahors / L'Astro 6-273 / Had been another, ab. 1818. [II; 1089. "Pluie de soufre." Astronomie, 6 (1887): 272-274, at 273. "Nous rappellerons, à cette occasion, qu'une pluie de crapauds a eu lieu à Cahors en 1847 et vers 1818."]


1847/48 / Scotscraig, near Tayport / Charles R. Baxter, in Glasgow Herald, July 21, 1894 / small frogs fell / ground covered with / fell on his clothes / NQ 8/6/104. [II; 1090. Wallace, R. Hedger. "A Shower of Frogs." Notes and Queries, s. 8 v. 6 (August 11, 1894): 104-105, at 105. Baxter, Charles R. "A Shower of Frogs." Glasgow Herald, July 21, 1894, p. 11 c. 1.]


1847 Jan 8, 11, Feb 2, 14, 19, 21, Ap. 1, June 9, Aug 8 / qs / New England / See Nov 9, 1810. [II; 1091. Brigham, William T. "Volcanic Manifestations in New England." Memoirs Read Before the Boston Society of Natural History, 2 (1871/1878): 1-28, at 18-19. See: 1810 Nov 9, (I; 308).]


1847 Jan. 10 / Vienna / met train / 10 minutes / BA 60-17. [II; 1092. Glaisher, James, and, John Hall Gladstone, Robert Philips Greg, Edward Joseph Lowe. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1859-60." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1860, 1-27, at 17. Greg, 85.]


[1847 Jan 14. Wrong date. See: 1849 Jan 14, (II; 1093).]


1847 Jan 19 / Severe q / Copiapo / BA 50-82. [II; 1094. Hamilton, Mathie. "Brief Notices of Earthquakes in South America in 1844, 1845, 1846 and 1847." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1850, Notices and Abstracts, 82-83.]


1847 Jan 25 / Fr / Lucon (Vendée) / q / BA '11. [II; 1095. A class I earthquake. Milne, 708.]


1847 Jan 30 / In the Eifel, mountains near Blankenheim, Bavaria, larvae fell with snow. / Revue et Mag. Zoologie. 1849/75 / B.D.-93). [II; 1096. The note copies information from page 93 of The Book of the Damned. Tyzenhauz, Konstanty. "Notice sur une pluie d'insectes observeé en Lithuanie le 24 janvier 1849." Revue et Magasin de Zoologie, s. 2 v. 1 (February 1849): 72-76, at 74-75. "Raupenfall mit Schnee in der Eifel am 30. Jan. 1847." Allgemeine Deutsche Naturhistorische Zeitung, 2 (1847): 176-177.]


1847 Feb 7 / Volc Java / severe qAp. 8 / A. J. Sci 2/5/422 / In March, a mountain sank in a q. [II; 1097. "Earthquake and Eruption in Ternate." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 5 (1848): 422-423. The Gamalama volcano. "Falling in of a Mountain in Timor." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 5 (1848): 423.]


1847 Feb 19 / [LT], 3-f / Whirlwinds / Land's End. [II; 1098. "Whirlwinds near the Land's-End." London Times, February 19, 1847, p. 3 c. 6.]


1847 Feb. 25 / afternoon / Seen in full sunshine, a flash of light all over the State of Iowa. Detonations shook houses. 20 miles north of Iowa City, fell a stone weighing 48 pounds. / BA 1877-102. [II; 1099. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, George Forbes, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke, Walter Flight. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors during the year 1876-77." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1877, 98-193, at 102-103. This is the Marion meteorite.]


1847 Feb 25 / (F) / Hartford, Linn. Co., Iowa / Metite / Sc Am 62/386 / Afternoon.BA 77-102 / 2:50 p.m. / A/ J/ Sci 2/4/288. [II; 1100. Fletcher, 101. This is the Marion meteorite. Greg, 85. "The Winnebago County (Iowa) Meteorites." Scientific American, n.s., 62 (June 21, 1890): 386. Shepard, Charles Upham. "Fall of Meteoric Stones in Iowa." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 4 (1847): 288-289. Glaisher, James, and, Robert Philips Greg, George Forbes, Alexander Stewart Herschel, Charles Brooke, Walter Flight. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors during the year 1876-77." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1877, 98-193, at 102-103.]


1847 Feb 25 / [LT], 5-d / Incredible story. [A; 216. "An Incredible Story." London Times, February 25, 1847, p. 5 c. 4.]


1847 March 19 / Holloway / an ascending thing like a fire balloon, but brilliant, etc. / Brit Assoc 1852/188 / See for dets. / (N). [II; 1101. Powell, Baden. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1851-52." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1852, Reports on the State of Science, 178-239, at 188.]


1847 Mar. 19 / Aberdeenshire / Met. det. / BA 60. [II; 1102. Greg, 85.]


1847 March 30 / Comet 1847 (i) visible at noon. / Chambers, Story of the Comet, p. 8. [II; 1103. Chambers, George Frederick. The Story of the Comets.... Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1909, 8, (Figure 8). Comet Hind, (C/1847 C1), was discovered by John Russell Hind on February 6, 1847.]


1847 March 31 / bet 10 and 11 a.m. / Valley of Deffereggen (Tyrol) / qred rain / Tissandier, Les Poussierés de l'air, p. 72. [II; 1104. Tissandier, Gaston. Les Poussièrés de l'Air. Paris: Gauthier-Villars, 1877, 72. Neither Tissandier nor Oellacher mention any quake associated with this red snow.]


1847 March 31 / Meteor dust in Tyrol / Report Pharm., Neurnb. 1848-212. [II; 1105. Oellacher, Joseph. "Der rothe Meteorstaub, welcher mit Schnee am 31. März 1847 im Puster-thale in Tyrol gefallen ist, chemisch untersucht und mit einem afrikanischen Wustensande verglichen." Repertorium für die Pharmacie..., 98 (1848): 212-225.]


1847 March 31 / Red snow / Puster Valley, in the Tyrol / A.J. Sci 2/11/377. [II; 1106. Ehrenberg, Christian Gottfried. "On the Infusoria and other Microscopic forms in Dust-showers and Blood-rain." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 11 (1851): 372-389, at 377-378.]


1847 March 31 / Milky or clayey substance in rain at Chambery / RMay 16, '46. [II; 1107. Fournet, Joseph Jean Baptiste Xavier. "Sur les Pluies de Terre Observées Depuis Quel-ques Années dans le Bassin du Rhone." Mémoires de l'Académie des sciences, belles-lettres et arts de Lyon. Classe des Sciences, s. 2 v. 13 (1863): 185-245, at 192-194, 214. Refer to: 1846 May 16, (II; 962).]


1847 March 31 / Valley of Gastein, in Salzburg / Meteoric dust / A.J. Sci 2/11/380. [II; 1108. Ehrenberg, Christian Gottfried. "On the Infusoria and other Microscopic forms in Dust-showers and Blood-rain." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 11 (1851): 372-389, at 380.]


1847 Ap. 1-8 / ab. / Volc / island of Fogo (Cape Verde Islands) / A.J. Sci 2/4/146 / Violent detonations. [II; 1109. "Volcanic Eruption at the Cape Verde." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 4 (1847): 146. The Fogo volcano.]


1847 Ap. 7 / Auroral belt / Am J. Sci 2/3/440 / 2/4/145. [II; 1110. "Auroral Belt." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 3 (1847): 440. "Auroral Belt of April 7, 1847." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 4 (1847): 145.]


1847 Ap. 7 / A / Am J. Sci 2/3/440 / [2]/4/145 / [2]/7/126. [II; 1111. "Auroral Belt." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 3 (1847): 440. "Auroral Belt of April 7, 1847." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 4 (1847): 145. "Auroral Bow of April 7, 1847. American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 7 (1849): 126.]


1847 Ap. 7 / [LT], 3-d / Singular discoveriesIpswich. [A; 217. "Singular Discoveries." London Times, April 7, 1847, p. 3 c. 4.]


1847 Ap. 9 / Violent eruption of volc / Fogo, Cape Verde islands / Niles Nat Reg, Aug 28. [II; 1112. "Africa." Niles' Weekly Register, 72 (August 28, 1847): 407. The Fogo volcano.]


1847 April 5 / 10 a.m. / At Dumfries, shower of flies, darkened the sky. Covered a road 600 to 700 yards long. / M. Post, 7th, last page. [II; 1113. "More Flies." London Morning Post, April 7, 1847, p. 4 c. 5.]


1847 May 11 / See May 11, 1842. / Dumfries / dress lying in a gardenwhisked up nearly out of sight but dropped 1/2 mile away / Thomson, Intro to Meteorology, p. 403. [II; 1114. Thomson, David Purdie. Introduction to Meteorology. Edinburgh and London: W. Blackwood and Sons, 1849, 403.]


[1847 / night, May 15-16. Wrong date. See: 1846 May 15-16, (II; 1115).]


1847 May 24 / 3 a.m. / Submarine q and tidal wave off coast of Peru. / BA 50-82. [II; 1116. Hamilton, Mathie. "Brief Notices of Earthquakes in South America in 1844, 1845, 1846 and 1847." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1850, Notices and Abstracts, 82-83.]


1847 June 8 / 9:50 a.m. / Boston, etc. Mass / shock / Niles' Nat Reg, Aug 21. [II; 1117. "An Earthquake, was distinctly felt at Boston...." Niles' Weekly Register, 72 (August 21, 1847): 386.]


[1847 June 9. Wrong date. See: 1846 June 9, (II; 1118).]


1847 June 13 / Spon Com. / Countess Gorlitz. [A; 218. "Medical Trials and Inquests." London Medical Gazette, 46 (November 29, 1850): 944-949.]


1847 June 17-22 / (It) / Parma / many meteors / July 4, 5, 29th, exceptional met / July 4, 5many / BA 49/9 / 22, 23many. [II; 1120. Powell, Baden. "A Catalogue of Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1849, 1-53, at 9.]


[1847 June 21. Meteor. Highfield House. "Increased in brightness when crossing Aurora." Lowe, 136.]


1847 June 28 / Severe q. / Ica, Peru / BA 50-83. [II; 1121. Hamilton, Mathie. "Brief Notices of Earthquakes in South America in 1844, 1845, 1846 and 1847." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1850, Notices and Abstracts, 82-83. A class II earthquake. Milne, 708.]


1847 June 30 / in Senegal / Remarkable red glow at sunset. / C.R. 41-116. [II; 1122. "Rapport sur un Mémoire de M. Raffenel, sous-comissaire de la Marine impériale, relatif à quelques phénoènes météorologiques observés par l'auteur dans le haut Sénégal." Comptes Rendus, 41 (1855): 114-117, at 116.]


1847 / last of June / (D-192) / Vulcan / Scott and Wray / C.R. / 83. [II; 1119. The note copies information from page 192 of The Book of the Damned. Hind, John Russell. "The Intra-Mercurial Planet or Planets." Nature, 14 (September 28, 1876): 469-470. LeVerrier, Urbain Jean Joseph. "Examen des observations qu'on a présentées, à diverses époques, comme pouvant appartenir aux passages d'une planète intra-mercurielle devant le disque du Soleil." Comptes Rendus, 83 (September 18, 1876): 583-589, 621-624, 647-650, 719-723, at 622. Both Scott and Wray stated that the date of their observations were made at the end of June or early in July, in 1847.]


1847 July 10 / 10:50 p.m. / Fécamp / shocksound noticed most in upper parts of buildings / CR 25/84. [II; 1123. Marchand. "Tremblement de terre ressenti à Fécamp, le 10 juillet 1847." Comptes Rendus, 25 (1847): 84.]


1847 July 12 / [LT] 6-d / Remarkable hailstorm / N. S. Wales. [II; 1124. "Remarkable Hail Storm." London Times, July 12, 1847, p. 6 c.4. "Remarkable Hail Storm." Sydney Morning Herald, February 10, 1847, p. 2 c. 7.]


1847 July 14 / (F) / Braunau, Bohemia / A. J. Sci 2/5/285 / Met iron. [II; 1125. "Meteorite of July 14, 1847." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 5 (1848): 285. Fletcher, 68. This is the Braunau meteorite. Greg, 85.]


1847 July 22 / (Fr) / [LT], 8-e / q. / Havre. [II; 1126. "Earthquake at Havre." London Times, July 22, 1847, p. 8 c. 5.]


1847 July 25 / 1 p.m. / Morecombe Bay / Waterspout / LT, Aug 6-6-e. [II; 1127. "Waterspout in Morecombe Bay." London Times, August 6, 1847, p. 6 c. 5.]


1847 July 25 / (It) / Near Florence / great met / BA 61/37. [II; 1128. Glaisher, James, and, John Hall Gladstone, Robert Philips Greg, Edward Joseph Lowe. "Report on Observations of Luminous Meteors, 1860-61." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1861, 1-44, at 37.]


1847 / summer / Loch Foyle / 1848 case (?) / mirage troops, etc. / B. Assoc 1852/30. [II; 1129. M'Farland, M. "On the Fata Morgana of Ireland." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1855, Notices and Abstracts, 29-30, at 30. See: 1848 Sept 9th, (II; 1232).]


1847 / summer / (M) / Flammarion, "The Atmosphere," p. 160, tells story by M. Grelloisthat he was travelling between Ghlema and Bonn. To the east of Bonn he saw upon a gently sloping hill "a vast and beautiful city, adorned with monuments, domes and steeples." There was no resemblance to any city known to the travellers. [II; 1130.1, 1130.2. Flammarion, Camille. The Atmosphere. London: S. Low, Marston, Low, & Searle, 1873, 160.]


1847 Aug 2 / (etc.) / Vesuvius / D. News, 23rd. [II; 1131. "Italy.Naples. Aug. 7." London Daily News, August 23, 1847, p. 2 c. 3. The Vesuvius volcano.]


1847 Aug 9 / (ladybirds) / First seen, ac to An Reg 1847-102. [II; 1132. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 89 (1847): pt. 2, 1-168, at 102, cv. "Flight of Ladybirds."]


1847 Aug 11 / Near Madrid, enormous hailstones, "several weighing half a pound," killing oxen and sheep. / Morning Post, Aug 19. [II; 1133. "The neighbourhood of Alcobendas...." London Morning Post, August 19, 1847, p. 2 c. 4.]


1847 Aug 12 / evening / L.T., Aug 16a long black cloud seen over the Channellike smoke from a steamshipfrom Ramsgate, seemed several miles longladybirds dotted all thingsfrom one pier, 5 bushels swept up. Covered the Kentish coastat least 5 species. / An. Reg. '47-102 says had been a strong wind from the southwest. / See Aug 13, '69. [II; 1134.1, 1134.2. "Singular Phenomenon.Ramsgate." London Times, August 16, 1847, p. 8 c. 4. "Chronicle." Annual Register, 89 (1847): pt. 2, 1-168, at 102, cv. "Flight of Ladybirds."]


1847 Aug 12 / L. B. / No mention in Annales Ent Socs of France. [II; 1135.]


1847 Aug 12 (1) / ladybirds / Zoologist 5/1899 / At Ramsgate and Margatea long cloud observed by hundred of spectators coming from direction of Calais and Ostend, between 4 and 6 o'clock. [II; 1136. "Extraordinary Flight of Coccinellæ." Zoologist , 5 (1847): 1899. "Singular Phenomenon.Ramsgate." London Times, August 16, 1847, p. 8 c. 4. Pabst combined "II; 1136" and "II; 1142" into one Note, in Pursuit.]


1847 Aug 12 (2) / Thursday evening a great deal of excitement. About ten, it precipitated ladybirds. In the morning, the whole coastline covered with them. "The locality whence they first took flight remains at present unknown. [II; 1142. "Extraordinary Flight of Coccinellæ." Zoologist , 5 (1847): 1899. Pabst combined "II; 1136" and "II; 1142" into one Note, in Pursuit.]


[1847 Aug 13 /] 1840 / ab Aug / lb's / Brighton / D. News / Aug 17, 1847. [II; 197. "Extraordinary Flight of Insects." London Daily News, August 16, 1847, p. 3 c. 5. "On Friday" would indicate August 13, 1847, as the date of this phenomenon. "They consisted of at least five species of lady-bird...."]


1847 August 16, etc. / Times index, for ladybirds. [II; 1137. Only two articles are in Palmer's Index to the Times Newspaper, regarding this subject: "Singular Phenomenon.Ramsgate." London Times, August 16, 1847, p. 8 c. 4. "Ladybirds in Southend." London Times, August 18, 1847, p. 5 c. 6.]


1847 Aug 12 / bet. 4 and 6 p.m. / Ramsgate and Margatea long cloud, several miles in extent, coming from the direction of Calaisthe L.B.'s / LT 16-8-d. [II; 1138. "Singular Phenomenon.Ramsgate." London Times, August 16, 1847, p. 8 c. 4.]


1847 Aug / L.B.'s / Dome of St. Paul's reddened by them. / Field, Sept 4, 1869p. 193. [II; 1139. "Lady-Birds." Field, September 4, 1869, p. 193.]


1847 Aug 13 / L bdome St. Paul's / Every quarter hour when bell struck St. Paul's a volcanic flow of them. [II; 1140.]


1847 Aug 13 / Nothing ab L.B. in Jour des Debats. [II; 1141.]


1847 Aug 14 / morn / L b's in dense numbersat least 5 species seen next morning, [1]4th, at Southend. From the Margate pier about 5 bushels were swept. [II; 1143.]


1847 Aug. 13 / Whole coast around Southend visited by swarms of ladybirds. Dense numbers for miles. / D. News16th / of the 17tha peculiarity noted. Some of them were "of very large size". Said that at Brighton been similar invasions ab 1840 and in 1844said the whole coast of Essex covered with them. [II; 1144.1, 1144.2. "Extraordinary Flight of Insects." London Daily News, August 16, 1847, p. 3 c. 5. "The Extraordinary Flight of Insects." London Daily News, August 17, 1847, p. 2 c. 6 & p. 3 c. 1.]


1847 Aug 13-Sept 1 / Have Standard. [II; 1145.]


[1847 Aug 15 /] 1847 Sept ? / (with Venus) / (Cut) / Sci Am, Oct 23, 1847 / That short time before, at Paristhing like cometsmall, brilliant head and a tail fifteen to twenty degrees longduration about 30 seconds. [II; 1146. "Curious Celestial Phenomenon." Scientific American, o.s., 3 (October 23, 1847): 35. See: 1847 Aug 15, (II; 1147).]


1847 Aug 15 / At Paris / eveningfor ab. 30 secondsobject like a comet, with a tail ab 15 or 20 degrees long and very narrow. / D. News, 20th. [II; 1147. "France.Curious Celestial Phenomenon." London Daily News, August 20, 1847, p. 2 c. 3. With the exception of  "Sunday evening" at 8:40 P.M., this meteor resembles that observed on August 17 at 8:30 P.M., by Darlu, for 8 seconds with a luminous train that was 10 to 12 ° in length, and by Léon-Michel Desdouits, in Luxemburg. "Lettre de M. Darlu à M. Arago sur les aérolithes du 19 et du 17 août." Comptes Rendus, 25 (1847): 463-464. Desdouits, Léon-Michel. "Sur le météore du 17 août." Comptes Rendus, 25 (1847): 508.]


1847 Aug 18 / At Gy (Doubs), storm and fall of such masses of water that houses were thrown down and furniture and goods from stores carried away in torrents. Morn. Post, 26th. [II; 1148. "On the 18th a violent storm burst over the town of Gy (Doubs)...." London Morning Post, August 26, 1847, p. 2 c. 4.]


1847 Aug 19 / See 15th. / Met streak / Paris / BA '60-86. [II; 1149. Greg, 86. See: 1847 Aug 15, (II; 1147).]


1847 Aug 19, Oct 18, Nov 16, 19, Dec 8, 11 / (Fr) / Bolides / Paris / BA 60-86. [II; 1150. Greg, 86.]


[1857 Sept ?. Wrong date. See: 1847 Aug 15, (I; 1146).]


1847 Sept. 10 / Rain falling all day at Tacna, Peruthis rare. At 3 a.m. of 11th, violent q. Rain continued. / BA 50-83. [II; 1151. Hamilton, Mathie. "Brief Notices of Earthquakes in South America in 1844, 1845, 1846 and 1847." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1850, Notices and Abstracts, 82-83.]


1847 Sept. 11 / Helsingborg, Sweden / great q. / [BA '11. [II; 1152. A class III earthquake. Milne, 709.]


1847 Sept 27 / From 8:15 p.m., at Strathpeffer, Scotland, a beam. / Athenaeum 1847-1085. [II; 1153. "Atmospherical Phenomenon." Athenaeum, 1847 (no. 1042; October 16): 1085.]


1847 Sept. 29 / Aurora / Swansea / BA, vol 18/22. [II; 1154. Jenkins, John. "Notices of Auroræ observed at Swansea." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1848, Notices and Abstracts, 22.]


1847 Sept-Oct / Sunspots unusual in number and form, noted in Jour des Debats, Oct 22-3-3. [II; 1155. "Deux groupes très considérables de taches solaires...." Journal des Debats, October 22, 1847, p. 3 c. 3.]


1847 Oct 3 / 4h / Venus Inf conjunction with Sun. [II; 1156. Inferior conjunction of Venus. Nautical Almanac and Astronomical Ephemeris, 1847, 554.]


1847 Oct 8 / Violent q / Chile / BA 50-83. [II; 1157. Hamilton, Mathie. "Brief Notices of Earthquakes in South America in 1844, 1845, 1846 and 1847." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1850, Notices and Abstracts, 82-83.]


1847 Oct. 10 / Bermuda / Immense flight of small butterflies (Terias lisa). / Jones, J.M., Naturalist in Bermuda, p. 120 / Had never been seen there before. / Suddenly hundreds were seen in every direction. / Only one other instance. / See Oct 1, 1874. [II; 1158. Jones, John Matthew. The Naturalist in Bermuda. London: Reeves and Turner, 1859, 120. "Terias lisa, of Boisduval, was first observed by Mr. Hurdis on 10th Oct. 1847, on which day it suddenly appeared in great abundance, hundreds being seen in every direction. Previous to that occasion he had never met with this butterfly, although accustomed to keep a good look out. They all disappeared, however, in the course of a few days. In other seasons he considered them comparatively scarce, appearing for a few days only in September, October, or November." See: 1874 Oct 1, (IV; 1522).]


1847 Oct. 11 / (D-193) / Vulcan by Schmidt—little black point rapidly crossing the sun—neither bird nor insect / C.R. 83/623. [II; 1159. The note copies information from page 193 of The Book of the Damned. LeVerrier, Urbain Jean Joseph. "Examen des observations qu'on a présentées, à diverses époques, comme pouvant appartenir aux passages d'une planète intra-mercurielle devant le disque du Soleil." Comptes Rendus, 83 (September 18, 1876): 583-9, 621-4, 647-50, 719-23, at 622. Schmidt, Johann Friedrich Julius. Resultate aus elfjährigen Beobachtungen der Sonnenflecken. Vienna: Eduard Hölzel, 1857, 26. "October 11. Die Flecken haben sich wieder vermehrt und man sicht sie an 11 Stellen. Die grosse östliche Gruppe zeigte wenig Kernflecken, dagegen bedeutende graue Flächen. Es flog auch (9 U. Morg.) ein kleiner schwarzer Punkt vor der Sonne schnell vorüber. Dies war weder ein Insect noch ein ferner Vogel." Carrington, Richard Christopher. "On some previous observations of supposed planetary bodies in transit over the Sun." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 20 (March 1860): 192-194.]


1847 Oct 2, 8, 17, 23 / Great q's / Mexico / Chili / [BA] '11. [II; 1160. Milne, 709.]


1847 Oct 11 / New comet in Hercules. 4 days later, had moved 34° south. / LT 29-5-d "Cannot at present be very far from the earth." / Observation of 15th of Dec / L.T., Dec 28-4-e. [II; 1161. "The New Comet." London Times, December 28, 1847, p. 4 c. 5. “A New Comet.” London  Times, October 29, 1847, p. 5 c. 4. Comet C/1847 T1.]


1847 Oct 16-17 / (Fr) / Frgs / night / In a storm at Vaux, frogs covered the ground of the village. / L.T. 27-7-e. [II; 1162. "Manna of a New Species." London Times, October 27, 1847, p. 7 c. 5. (Journal des Debats, 1847. Not found in search.)]


1847 Oct 22 / [LT], 5-b / Phenomena / ? [II; 1163. "Solar Phenomena." London Times, October 22, 1847, p. 5 c. 2. "At present two very large groups of solar spots are visible at the centre of the sun's disc."]


1847 Oct. 23 / Aurora / Column of red light / Brighton / LT, Oct 26-3-f / Oxford, 24th, Oct. 27 / Astro Reg 7/138 / S 12/4/e. [II; 1164. "Aurora Borealis." London Times, October 26, 1847, p. 3 c. 6. "Oxford, Monday, Oct. 25." London Times, October 27, 1847, p. 6 c. 6. "'Grand Auroral Display,' May 13th, 1869." Astronomical Register, 7 (June 1869): 135-138, at 138. William Lawton gives the date of the aurora as October 24, 1847. (Try: London Sunday Times, September 12, 1847, p. 4 c. 5; S 12/4/e)???]


1847 Oct 24 / Aurora at Oxford, ab 10 p.m., red streaks in westgradually spreading over sky. / LT 27-6-f / At Brighton, after the gale had subsideda vapor in a thin line was seen in a column. At 10, this flame colored and with streamers. Seemed like moonlight reflecting on vapor. / LT - 26-3-f. [II; 1165.1, 1165.2. "Aurora Borealis." London Times, October 26, 1847, p. 3 c. 6. "Oxford, Monday, Oct. 25." London Times, October 27, 1847, p. 6 c. 6.]


1847 Oct 24 / Aurora / Paris / CR 25/603, 628. [II; 1166. Darlu. "Sur une aurore boréale observée à Paris, le 24 octobre 1847." Comptes Rendus, 25 (1847): 603. "Aurore boréale du 24 octobre." Comptes Rendus, 25 (1847): 628-629. [II; 1166.]


1847 Oct 24 / Aurora? / Cadix / C.R. 25/764 / 26/147. [II; 1167. Démidoff. "Phénomène produit par la lumière de la lune." Comptes Rendus, 25 (1847): 764-765. "M. Démidoff écrit, de Florence, qu'e adressant les observations faites à Cadix...." Comptes Rendus, 26 (1848): 147-148.]


1847 Oct 24 / Aurora / Ireland / CR 25/906. [II; 1168. Cooper. "Observation de l'aurore boréale du 24 octobre dernier, à Mount-Eagle (Irlande)." Comptes Rendus, 25 (1847): 906-907.]


1847 Oct 24 / Aurora / Swansea / BA, vol 18/22. [II; 1169. Jenkins, John. "Notices of Auroræ observed at Swansea." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1848, Notices and Abstracts, 22.]


[1847 Oct 24 /] 1847 Oct 27 / Aurora / Cambridge / Aurora streamers diverging from a point a little east of meridian and south of the zenith. This point near Beta Andromeda in right ascension and greater Polar distance by 2 degrees. "The azimuth appeared not to vary with the dirunal motion of the heavens." / Timbs 1848-275. [II; 1170.1, 1170.2. "Brilliant Aurora." Timbs'  Year-Book of Facts in Science and Art, 1848, 273-275. Challis, James. "The Aurora Borealis of October 24." Athenæum, 1847 (no.1045; November 6): 1151-1152. The date of Challis' observations was October 24, (not October 27).]


1847 Oct. 30 / Op Mars / (Al). [II; 1171. Opposition of Mars. Nautical Almanac and Astronomical Ephemeris, 1847, 554.]


1847 Nov 1 / Paris / Aurora / CR 25/629. [II; 1172. "Aurore boréale du 1er novembre 1847." Comptes Rendus, 25 (1847): 629.]


1847 Nov 3 / [LT], 5-a / Sup. / Stourbridge/ [A; 219. "Strange Superstition." London Times, November 3, 1847, p. 5 c. 1.]


1847 Nov. 11 / Benares / Met train / 10 minutes / BA 60-17. [II; 1173. Greg, 86. Greg gives the date as November 11, 1847, (not November 10).]


1847 Nov. 12-13 / Nothing in Friend of India. [II; 1174.]


1847 Nov 12-13 / Mets very numerous at Benares, India. [II; 1175. "Étoiles filantes." Comptes Rendus, 26 (1848): 222. "Il résulte de deux communications faites par M. Arago, que les étoiles filantes so sont montrées très-nombreuses, comme d'ordinaire, en Suisse, vers le milieu du mois d'août, et dans la nuit du 12 au 13 novembre à Bénarès dans l'Inde." Powell, Baden. "A Catalogue of Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1849, 1-53, at 46.]


1847 Nov. 12-13 / Ref is not in BA 60. [II; 1176. See: 1847 Nov 12-13, (II; 1175).]


1847 Nov. 12-13 / In Senegal, only 5 mets seen in an hour / C.R. 41-117 / 13-14, 7 in 2 hours. [II; 1177. "Rapport sur un Mémoire de M. Raffenel, sous-comissaire de la Marine impériale, relatif à quelques phénoènes météorologiques observés par l'auteur dans le haut Sénégal." Comptes Rendus, 41 (1855): 114-117.]


1847 Nov 19 / large light stationary few minutes / Oxford, Eng / (D-275). ** [II; 1178. The note copies information from page 275 of The Book of the Damned. Lowe, 136. "Twice stationary for seven minutes." Greg, 86-87. Greg gives the date as November 20.]


1847 / about Dec 1 / Increased action of Kilauea, Hawaii / NY Herald, May 18-2-5, 1848. [II; 1179. "Very Interesting from the PacificTerrible Suffering at SeaThe Japanese, &c.&c." New York Herald, May 18, 1848, p. 2 c. 4-5.]


1847 Dec 7 / [LT], 8-e / 24-3-e / Ext. Sup. / Rochdale. [A; 220. "Superstition in the Nineteenth Century." London Times, December 7, 1847 p. 8 c. 5. "Extraordinary Superstition." London Times, December 24, 1847, p. 3 c. 5.]


1847 Dec 8 / Metite? / Ac to a letter from the postmaster of Forest Hill, Arkansas, published in Phil. Courier (A. J. Sci 2-5-293) / Sky had been clear. At 3:15 p.m., sudden darkness. Clouds like solid black fleece, lighted from above by a red glare. A deafening explosion and concussion in the grounda mass of rock ab. 2 feet in diameter fell to the ground. / A. J. Sci 2/6/297 / said story proved to be falseno details of proof. [II; 1180.1, 1180.2, 1180.3. "Fall of an Aerolite at Forest Hill, Arkansas." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 5 (1848): 293. "Meteorite of Arkansas." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 6 (1848): 297. "The account of the meteorite of Arkansas, cited in this Journal, vol. v, p. 293, ii series, from a Philadelphia paper, proves to be false."]


1847 Dec 11-12 / Moonlight on dark part of moon / a bright spot that shone intermittently / M. Notices 8/55 / by Mr. Hodgson, of Eversley. [II; 1181. "Self-luminous Spot in the Moon." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 8 (January 14, 1848): 55.]


1847 Dec 17 / Aurora / Cirey, Toulouse, Bourges / CR 25/51, 934. [II; 1182. "Aurore boréale." Comptes Rendus, 25 (1847): 934. Gasparin. "Observation du méme phénomène." Comptes Rendus, 25 (1847): 934-935. "Il résulte de la correspondance mise aujourd'hui sous les yeux de l'Academie...." Comptes Rendus, 26 (1848): 51.]


1848:


1848 / Year notable for especially large sunspots / Galignanis Messenger, Jan 2, 1849. [II; 1183. (Galignani's Messenger, January 2, 1849; not found here.)]


[1848. Wrong date. See: 1846, (A; 221).]


1848 / Fixes / Margaretta repudiated her confession in N.Y. Press, Nov 20, 1889, ac to Sir A.C. Doyle, History of Spiritualism, vol. 1, p. 106. [A; 222. Doyle, Arthur Conan. The History of Spiritualism. London: Cassell, 1926, v. 1, 106.]


1848 Jan 1 / q's / Nova Scotia and St. Lucia, W.I. / qs / B.A. '11 / Sim q's, Feb 18, 1889. [II; 1184. Two class I earthquakes. Milne, 709. See: 1889 Feb. 18, (VI; 1555).]


1848 Jan 2, 3 / Extraordinary number of meteors / Parma and Aix-la-Chapelle / BA 51-2. [II; 1185. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1851, 1-52, at 2-3.]


1848 Jan 3 / March 27, 29 / Ap. 27 / May 2 / June 21 / July 6, 24, 27 - 31 / July 29 / Aug. [4, 9,] 10, 28 / Sept 30 / Oct 20[, 22, 23, 25] / Nov [12, 15] / Dec 11 / Each date. many mets at Aix-la-Chapelle / BA 51-3. [II; 1186. The dates of July 22 and 23 and of November 5 and 6 were for Parma, (not Aix-la-Chapelle, the French name for Aachen, Germany). Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 21 (1851): 1-52, at 2-5. Heis, Eduard. "Aurores boréales, étoiles filantes et lumière zodiacale, observées à Aix-la-Chapelle en 1848." Bulletin de l'Académie royale des sciences, des lettres et des beaux-arts de Belgique, 16 pt. 1 (1849): 3-5. Heis does not include the dates of January 2 nor of May 24, but he does include the dates of August 4 and 9, of October 22, 23, and 25, and of November 12 and 15, for "beaucoup étoiles filantes."]


1848 Jan 1, Feb 1, May 23, Sept 9, Nov 6, Dec 11 / See Nov 9, 1810. / qs / New England. [II; 1187. Brigham, William T. "Volcanic Manifestations in New England." Memoirs  of the Boston Society of Natural History, 2 (1871/1878): 1-28, at 19 and 28.Only the earthquake of September 9 struck New England. The shocks of January 1 and of February 1 occurred in Nova Scotia; the shocks of May 23 and of December 11 were at Montreal; and, a light shock on November 6 struck Grand Island in the St. Lawrence River. See: 1810 Nov 9, (I; 308).]


[1848 May 30, July 10, Sept 12, Oct 29, 31, Dec 2. Wrong dates. See: 1846 May 30, July 10, Sept 12, Oct 29, 31, Dec 2, (II; 1188).]


1848 / Comrie / shocks in 1846-7-8 / recorded in Wm Roper, "List of Earthquakes" / See Ap. 8, '86. [II; 1189. Roper, 36. O'Reilly, Joseph Patrick. "Alphabetical Catalogue of the Earthquakes Recorded as Having Occurred in Europe and Adjacent Countries, Arranged to Serve as a Basis for an Earthquake Map of Europe." Transactions of the Royal Irish Academy, 28 (1880-1886): 489-708, at 541.]


1848 / several weeks / Wellington, New Zealand / Cor to Daily News, Nov 16, 1858, said myst soundsfound be results of volcanic action. [II; 1190. Forster, James Rumsey. "Mysterious Phenomenon." London Daily News, November 16, 1858, p. 3 c. 2.]


1848 Jan. 20 / 5 p.m. / Rome, N.Y. / met and train / ab 12 minutes / A. J. Sci 2/5/437. [II; 1191. "A Meteor visible for a considerable time." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 5 (1848): 437. The meteor was visible "for a second or two" before it vanished, but its train "remained visible about twelve or thirteen minutes" before floating away as a "white cloud." Greg, 86.]


1848 Jan 24 / Shower of dust in Arabia / A. J. Sci 2/11/380. [II; 1192. Ehrenberg, Christian Gottfried. "On the Infusoria and other Microscopic forms in Dust-showers and Blood-rain." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 11 (1851): 372-389, at 380.]


1848 Jan 25 / At Edinburgh, a haze and a N. eye sunspot or large obscuration "appearing like a good-sized bean in shape and size." / Timbs 49/268. [II; 1193. "Remarkable Solar Spot." Timbs' Year-Book of Facts in Science and Art, 1848, 268-269. Pringle, W. "On a Remarkable Solar Spot." London, Edinburgh and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, s. 3 v. 32 (March, 1848): 232-233.]


1848 Jan 27 / 3 p.m. / Daylight met / Buckingham / BA 49/10. [II; 1194. Powell, Baden. "A Catalogue of Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1849, 1-53, at 10. Greg, 86.]


[1800 Jan 29-31. Wrong date. See: 1848 Jan 31, (II; 1195).]


[1848 Jan 31 /] 1848 Jan 29-31 /Meteor dust / Germany / Ber. Mitth. Freund Naturw. 1848/304, 313. [II; 1195. Ehrlich, Franz Carl. "Meterostaubfall vom 31. Jänner in Wien." Bericht über die Mitteilungen von Freunden der Naturwissenschaften in Wien, 4 no. 3 (March 1848): 304-308. Haidinger, Wilhelm Karl Ritter von. "Hrn. Prof. Ehrenberg's Mittheilungen über die Staubfälle von Gastein und Wien." Bericht über die Mitteilungen von Freunden der Naturwissenschaften in Wien, 4 no. 3 (March 1848): 313-316. The fall of dust, on January 31, is attributed to the sirocco, as Ehrenberg identifies 47 organisms from a sample of this dust, and another from Silesia, on February 2, (see pages 314-315). The identification of the substance as "meteor dust" and the date of January "29" were probably copied from Fassig's Bibliography. Fassig, Oliver Lanard, ed. Bibliography of Meteorology. Part II: Moisture. Washington: Signal Office, 1889, 378.]


1848 Jan 31 / Silesia and Lower Austria / dust / A.J. Sci 2/11/380. [II; 1196. Ehrenberg, Christian Gottfried. "On the Infusoria and other Microscopic forms in Dust-showers and Blood-rain." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 11 (1851): 372-389, at 380.]


1848 Feb / Catherine Fox's confirmation of the confession in N.Y. Herald, Oct 10, 1888. [A; 223. (New York Herald, October 10, 1888.)]


1848 Feb / Confession data in R.B. Davenport's "Death Blow to Spiritualism". [A; 224. Davenport, Reuben Briggs. The Death-Blow to Spiritualism. New York: G. W. Dillingham, 1888.]


1848 Feb / Margaretta Fox's confession in NY Herald, Sept 24, 1888. [A; 225. ("God has not ordered it." New York Herald, Sept 24, 1888).]


1848 Feb / Fox / Long account in Tribune, NY, Dec., 1848. [A; 226. (NY Tribune, Dec. 1848; not found in 1848, phenomenon only beginning then; first public seance on November 14, 1849. "City Items." New York Tribune, June 5, 1850, p. 1 c. 3-4. First appearance in New York City. "An Evening with the Spirits." New York Tribune, June 8, 1850, p. 4 c. 3-4.)]


1848 Feb / Fox phe started. The family had moved in, in Dec. / McCabe, "Spiritualism." [A; 227. McCabe, Joseph. Spiritualism: A Popular History from 1847. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1920, 28.]


1848 Feb / It was Kate Fox, not Margaret, ac to McCabe, who recanted the confession. [A; 228. McCabe, Joseph. Spiritualism: A Popular History from 1847. London: T. Fisher Unwin, 1920, 42.]


1848 Feb 2 / Cheshire / great met / BA 50/90. [II; 1197. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1850, 89-132, at 90. Thomson, David Purdie. Introduction to Meteorology. Edinburgh and London: W. Blackwood and Sons, 1849, 306. Lowe, 136.]


1848 Feb 7 / 11 p.m. / ac to E J. Lowe / Brilliant meteor "ab[out] twice the apparent size of Jupiter, fell from [about] 2° (degree) below [that planet]" Jupiter. / B Assoc 1848-9. [II; 1198. Powell, Baden. "A Catalogue of Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1848, 1-11, at 9.]


1848 Feb. 14 / 9 p.m. to eleven / India / streaks of light ascending from horizonor aurora / Intel Obs. 7/160. [II; 1199. Hooker, John Dalton. Himalayan Journals. London: J. Murray, 1855, v. 2, 385-386. "Meteor Observed at Sea." Intellectual Observer, 7 (March 1865): 159-160.]


1848 Feb. 15 / 1 p.m. / Aerolite / (Dharwar), India / south of Negloor / Trans Bombay Geog. Soc. 9-208. [II; 1200. Buist, George. "Notices of the most remarkable Meteors in India of the fall of which accounts have been published." Transactions of the Bombay Geographical Society, 9 (1849-1850): 197-230, at 208-209. Greg, 86-87. This is the Dharwar meteorite.]


1848 Feb 15 / Negloor, Dharwar / same kind of stone as that of Nov 30, 1842. [II; 1201. See: 1842 Nov. 30, (II; 518).]


1848 Feb. 16 / Java / q. / II / BA '11. [II; 1202. A class II earthquake. Milne, 709.]


1848 Feb. 20 / Aurora / Durham / 8:16 p.m. / Arch suddenly arose near horizon in N.E.passed a little eastward and southward of Great Bear, directly across Cephella and a little west of Pleiades. Duration

less than a minute. / Timbs 1849/276. [II; 1203. "Magnificent Aurora in February." Timbs' Year-Book of Facts in Science and Art, 1849, 276-277. "Our Weekly Gossip." Athenæum, 1848 (no.1061 February 26): 217-218, at 218. Lowe, 136. Lowe reports a meteor, at Highfield House. "Increased in brilliancy when crossing Aurora."]


1848 early in March / Rappings in house of Fox sisters / Hydesville, N.Y. [A; 229. Doyle, Arthur Conan. The History of Spiritualism. London: Cassell, 1926, v. 1, 58-59.]


1848 March 8 / 4 a.m. / Met shaped like a kite, larger than moon / Slough and Bath / BA 49/10. [II; 1204. Powell, Baden. "A Catalogue of Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1849, 1-53, at 10 & 37, (illustration). Greg, 87. Lowe, 136.]


1848 March 19 / The slight eclipse / D-219 / See 1849. [II; 1205. The note copies information from page 219 of The Book of the Damned. Forster, Thomas Ignatius Maria. "Remarkable Appearances during the total eclipse of the Moon on March 19, 1848." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 8 (March 10, 1848): 132-133. See: 1848 Mar 19, (A; 257).]


[1848 Mar 19 /] 1849 Mar 19 / Eclipse of moon that failed / See 1848. / Aug 11, [note cut off]. [A; 257. There was no lunar eclipse on this date in 1849. See: 1848 March 19, (II; 1205).]


1848 March 27, 29 / Aix-la-Chapelle / many mets / BA, 51-2. [II; 1206. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1851, 1-52, at 2-3.]


1848 Ap. 15 / Loud det. met. / night / Whitesville, Miss. / A. J. Sci 2/6/148 / BA-60-102. [II; 1207. Phares, D.D. "Meteor." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 6 (1848): 148. Greg, 102.]


1848 April 28 / New Star, by Mr. Hind, in Ophiuchus, between 4th and 5th mag., where none was noticed Ap. 5. / M. Notices 8-146 / Slowly diminished. About 8th mag, June 30. Very red. [II; 1208. "New Star in Ophiuchus." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 8 (April 14, 1848): 146.  "Mr. Hind says...." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 8 (June 9, 1848): 192. Nova Ophiuchi 1848 is now known as nova V841 Oph.]


1848 Ap. 28 / Hind certain not there on Ap 5th / Todd, Stars and Telescopes, p. 266. [II; 1209. Todd, David Peck. Stars and Telescope. Boston: Little, Brown, 1899, 266.]


1848 Ap? / For N. Opp. in 1921, see M. Notices, Nov., 1921. [II; 1210. Steavenson, William Herbert. "Recent Observations of Novæ." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 82 (November 11, 1921): 49-53, at 49-50.]


1848 Ap. 30 / morning / Remarkable yellow fog / London / B.A. 1848-10. [II; 1211. Powell, Baden. "A Catalogue of Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1848, 1-11, at 10.]


1848 Ap. 30-May 10 / Nothing in Jour des Debats. [II; 1212.]


1848 May / Greatest of downpours in Jamaica. / Kingston Budget, Oct 14, 1879. [II; 1213. (Kingston Budget, (Jamaica), October 14, 1879).]


1848 May 2 / Rich display of meteors, by Heis. / Nature 103-174. [II; 1214. "The Meteoric Shower of Halley's Comet." Nature, 103 (May 1, 1919): 174. Eduard Heis.]


1848 May 2 / By Heis, at Aachenmany mets with streaks / Observatory 48-119. [II; 1215. Denning, William Frederick. "Meteors of Halley's Comet." Observatory, 48 (1925): 118-119, at 119.]


1848 May 3 / C-214 / Vienne, France / Army in sky and city / Bull Soc Astro de France 27/180. [II; 1216. "L'étoile du soir, les aéroplanes et les dirigeables." Bulletin de la Société Astronomique de France, 27 (1913): 179-180. "L'imagination en voit bien d'autres, quelquefois, dans le ciel; ainsi, par exemple à Vienne dans le Dauphiné, le 3 mai 1848, à 6 heures du soir, vingt témoins affirmèrent

avoir vu, et bien vu, pendant deux heures, trois lions, un général, une écharpe tricolore, un chapeau Napoléon, un pont à plusieurs arcades rempli de spectateurs anxieux, regardant une ville aérienne envahie par des tourbillons de fumée, et de plus encore une dame blanche posant une couronne sur la tête d'un lion blanc, une armée de cavaliers, etc., etc." "Toute cette scène aérienne se passait dans la direction de Lyon." Vienne, Dauphiné, France.]


1848 May 10 / Louisville, Ky / enormous swarm of insects / like snowstorm / gnats or flies / "black bodied [insects] with white wings" / N.Y. Herald, 19-1-6. [II; 1217. "Miscellaneous." New York Herald, May 19, 1848, p. 1 c. 6.]


1848 May 12 / (hail) / 3 p.m. / Story by Dr Aug Mueller, formerly of Weimar, Saxony, of fall then, there, of masses of ice, some of them six-pounders. / Sun, 1890, May 18-16-7. [II; 1218. "Hailstones As Big As Pumpkins." New York Sun, May 18, 1890, p. 16 c. 7. "'It was on the 12th of May, 1848, about 3 o'clock in the afternoon, that a sharp, black cloud suddenly arose in the heavens over my
native village, near Weimar, in Saxony, and the terrible thunder warned of a big storm. Pretty soon it began to hail. The lumps were small at first, but they rapidly increased to the size of hen's eggs. The people had all fled to places of safety, and were watching the awful bombardment.  All vegetation was beaten flat into the earth and the crops destroyed. But horror seized the people when they saw that the hailstones were increasing, and the roar of the storm was deafening. The hailstones became the size of a teacup, then of a large-sized glass, and great masses of ice fell that were fully as large as the globe of that lamp (which was about five inches in diameter)."]


1848 May 20 / q's / New England / Jan 1 / Feb 1 / May 23 / See Jan. 1. [II; 1219. See: 1848 Jan 1, Feb 1, May 23, Sept 9, Nov 6, Dec 11, (II; 1187).]


1848 May 20 / 4:15 a.m. / Metite of Castine, Me. / A. J. Sci. 2/6/251 / (F) / resembled March 12, 1811. [II; 1220. Shepard, Charles Upham. "An Account of the Meteorite of Castine, Maine, May 20, 1848." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 6 (1848): 251. Fletcher, 101. Greg, 87. This is the Castine meteorite.]


1848 May 23 / Shock at Montreal. Next day a torrent of rain. / See Nov 9, 1810. [II; 1221. Brigham, William T. "Volcanic Manifestations in New England." Memoirs Read Before the Boston Society of Natural History, 2 (1871/1878): 1-28, at 198. See: 1810 Nov 9, (I; 308).]


1848 May 22, 23, 24 / (It) / Sound / Val di Cecina / like cannon fire / 1816. [II; 1222. Cancani, Adolfo. "Rombi sismici." Bollettino della Società Sismologica Italiana, 7 (1901-1902): 23-47, at 39. See: 1816, (I; 547).]


[1848 June 12 /]1849 June 12 / Remarkable hail / Bull. Ac. Sci Brux 16-307. [II; 1296. "Phénomènes périodiques." Bulletins de l'Académie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, 16 pt. 1 (1849): 307-310, at 307-309.]


1848 July 4 / Marmande, Avignon, France / Met / (F)/ (See Oct 21, '44.) [II; 1223. Fletcher, 101. This is the Marmande meteorite. See: 1844 Oct. 21, (II; 788).]


1848 July 5 / Pontine Islands, Italy / q / I / BA '11. [II; 1224. A class I earthquake. Milne, 709.]


1848 July 19 / q. / Spain / BA '11. [II; 1225. A class I earthquake. Milne, 709.]


1848 July 27 to Aug 7 / Small q's / Java / BA '11. [II; 1226. A class I earthquake. Milne, 709.]


1848 Aug 9 / Meteors and flashes of lightning / St. Leonards, Sussex / B Assoc 1849-12. [II; 1227. Powell, Baden. "A Catalogue of Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1849, 1-53, at 12.]


1848 Sept 4 / England and Fr / met 2/3 diameter of moon / E to W / BA '60-86. [II; 1228. Greg, 87. Lowe, 136.]


1848 Sept 4 / 9 p.m. / Isle of Wight  Hampshire and Sussex / met / BA 51/38. [II; 1229. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1851, 1-52. at 2-3 & 38.]


1848 Sept 4 / 9 p.m. / Met leaving a mark from Altair / BA 49/15 / Worthing, Sussex / seen also at Fecamp, in France. [II; 1230. Powell, Baden. "A Catalogue of Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1849, 1-53, at 14-15.]


1848 Sept 8 / Phe and q / Hudson River / See 1805. [II; 1231. Galli, Ignazio. "Raccolta e classificazione di fenomeni luminosi osservati nei terremoti." Bollettino della Società Sismologica Italiana, 14 (1910): 221-448, at 360-361. See: 1805 July 26, (I; 146). (Serpieri, Alessandro. Lezione popolare. Urbino, 1878, p. 70.) (Perrey, Alexis. Mémoire sur les tremblements de terre aux États-Unis et dans le Canada. 1850. Not online. Sur les Tremblements de Terre aux États Unis et au Canada. Société d'émulation du département des Vosges, Épinal, t. 7, 2e cah., 1850; not found here, ends in 1848. Tir. à part. 8vo de pp. 62, avec Suppl. MS.) (Night of Sept 8 to 9, 1848.)

https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k33340c/f392.item (“Violent Shocks of an Earthquake in this City and Elsewhere.” New York Herald, September 10, 1848, p. 2 c. 4-5. “At Hastings it was felt by several, and the noise was thought to be thunder; and it is said was accompanied by lightning.”)]


1848 Sept 9th / Scotland / Mirages in sky, ships, soldiers, etc. / L.T. 5/c, Sept 13, 1848 / C-211+. [II; 1232. "Extraordinary Phenomenon." London Times, September 13, 1848, p. 5 c. 3. "Extraordinary Phenomena in the Air." Dublin Evening Post, September 12, 1848, p. 4 c. 5.]


1848 Sept 19 / [LT], 4-e / Inverness / Stars / (Seems nothing to this). [A; 230. "Astronomical Discovery." London Times, September 19, 1848, p. 4 c. 5. Two bright stars purportedly claimed as discovered by a correspondent who was obviously unfamiliar with astronomy.]


[1848 Sep 20. Wrong date. See: 1843 Sep 20, (I; 1233).]


1848 Sept 25 / 2:15 p.m. / Portsmouth / detonation and shock / Athenaeum 1848-988. [II; 1234. Lake, John J. "Meteorological Phenomena." Athenaeum, 1848 (no. 1092; September 30): 988.]


1848 Oct 1, etc. / Large sunspot / visible again on 13th / Times 16-7-a / 19-6-c. [II; 1235. "Spot on the Sun." London Times, October 16, 1848, p. 7 c. 1. "The Solar Spots." London Times, October 19, 1848, p. 6 c. 3.]


1848 Oct 2-3 / Phe-q / Spain / See 1805. [II; 1236. Galli, Ignazio. "Raccolta e classificazione di fenomeni luminosi osservati nei terremoti." Bollettino della Società Sismologica Italiana, 14 (1910): 221-448, at 361. See: 1805 July 26, (I; 146).]


1848 Oct 18 / Liverpool / great aurora / crown maintaining same altitude [and] azimuth against shifting stars / Timbs, 1849-279. [II; 1237. "Magnificent Aurora in October." Timbs' Year-Book of Facts in Science and Art, 1849, 278-279. Weld, Alfred. "Account of the Aurora Borealis as seen at Stonyhurst Observatory, October 1848." London, Edinburgh and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, s. 3 v. 33 (November, 1848): 376-378.]


1848 Oct 18 / Kremsmünster / Aurora / C.R. 27/561. [II; 1238. "Il résulte d'une lettre de M. Littrow à M. Le Verrier...." Comptes Rendus, 27 (1848): 561.]


1848 Oct 19 / 5 a.m. / Disastrous q / Wellington, N.Z. / Galignani's Messenger, May 2, 1849, p. 2 / On night of 18th, a fiery glare in sky toward south, ab 4 hours. On Oct 24thfour severe shocks; and 25thslighter shocks. [II; 1239. "New Zealand Earthquakes." Galignani's Messenger, May 2, 1849, p. 2 c. 1.]


1848 Oct 19 and 20 / q / New Zealand / The aurora was very bright. / BA 50-74. [II; 1240. Mallet, Robert. "First Report on the Facts of Earthquake Phenomena." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1850, 1-89, at 74.]


1848 Oct 20 / Aurora / quake then at Azores? / See Nov. 4. [II; 1241. See: 1848 Nov. 4, (II; 1246).]


1848 Oct 20 / 7 a.m. / q / Belg / C et T / 8/38. [II; 1242. Lancaster, Albert Benoît Marie. "Les Tremblements de terre en Belgique." Ciel et Terre, 8 (March 16, 1887): 25-43, at 38.]


1848 Oct 20 / Many mets / Aix-la-Chapelle / 22-23, considerable number / BA 51-2. [II; 1243. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1851, 1-52, at 2-3.]


1848 Oct 21 [or 24] / Sky fire like that of Oct. 24, 1870 / Timbs' Y.B. 1871/251 / Great Aurora / Look elsewhere. [II; 1244. "The Aurora Borealis." Timbs' Year-Book of Facts in Science and Art, 1871, 249-255, at 251.]


1848 Nov. 4 / night / Violent q. / Azores / Others, and on one of the nights was seen "at the west end of the island" an aurora, "a thing quite unknown in these latitudes". / Galignani's Messenger, Jan 2, 1849. [II; 1246. "Earthquakes in the Azores." Galignani's Messenger, January 2, 1849, p. 4 c. 2.]


1848 Nov. 9 / Trans Merc. [II; 1245. Transit of Mercury. Nautical Almanac and Astronomical Ephemeris, 1848, 550.]


1848 Nov 17 / A / Am J. Sci 27/127, 293. [II; 1247. Herrick, Edward Claudius. "Aurora Borealis. Nov. 17, 1848." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 7 (1849): 127. Herrick, Edward Claudius. "Aurora Borealis of Nov. 17, 1848." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 7 (1849): 293.]


1848 Nov. 17 / (It) / Parma / Aurora / C.R. 27/560. [II; 1248. Colla. "Sur la dernière comète et sur une aurore boréale." Comptes Rendus, 27 (1848): 560-561.]


1848 Nov. 17 / 9:30 - / Light as if of a fire, towns around Dieppe and in Dept of Calvados. In each town thought a neighboring town on fire in the s.-s.w./ C.R. 27-529 / Also at Orleans. [II; 1249. Nell de Bréauté. "Phénomène lumineux observé à Dieppe et dans les environs, le 17 novembre." Comptes Rendus, 27 (1848): 529-530. "M. Elie de Beaumont annonce que le météore du 17 novembre...." Comptes Rendus, 27 (1848): 530-531.]


1848 Nov 17 / met and aurora / 11:12 p.m. / Met exactly along an auroral beam, Oxford / Bathfell from Capella / BA 49/17. [II; 1250. Powell, Baden. "A Catalogue of Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1849, 1-53, at 17.]


1848 Nov. 17 / Aurora / A. J. Sci 2/7/127, 293. [II; 1251. Herrick, Edward Claudius. "Aurora Borealis. Nov. 17, 1848." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 7 (1849): 127. Herrick, Edward Claudius. "Aurora Borealis of Nov. 17, 1848." American Journal of Science, s. 2 v. 7 (1849): 293.]


1848 Nov. 17 / Cuba, Asia Minor, California, etc. / Aurora / In western NY, everywhere in sky except a circular spot south of the zenith toward which ran streamers from N and S. / An Sci Disc 1850-348. [II; 1252. "Aurora Borealis, November 17th, 1848." Annual of Scientific Discovery, 1850, 347-348.]


1848 Nov. 17 / at Pisa / Aurora accompanied by a stream of meteors / C.R. 49-401. [II; 1253. Fournet. "Aperçu météorologiques relatifs aux aurores boréales du 29 août 1859 et du 17 novembre 1848." Comptes Rendus, 49 (1859): 397-402, at 401.]


1848 Nov. 17 / Red light, sky, France / C.R. 27-530, 562. [II; 1254. "M. Elie de Beaumont annonce que le météore du 17 novembre...." Comptes Rendus, 27 (1848): 530-531. Pascal. "Sur un météore lumineux observé à Bayonne, dans la soirée du vendredi 17 novembre 1848." Comptes Rendus, 27 (1848): 562-563.]


[1848 Nov 21. Meteors. Oxford. "Four fell into an Aurora, and disappeared." Lowe, 137.]


1848 / ab Dec 1 / (Stat) / Glasgow / Det met / 30 minutes later, another. [II; 1255. (Not in Greg.)]


1848 Dec. 1 / MetiteFishertonnear SalisburyObservatory 4/183. [II; 1256. Heineken, Nicholas Samuel. "Fall of Aerolite." Observatory, 4 (1881): 183. "In the 'Lady's Paper,' Dec. 30, 1848, an account was given of the fall of an aerolite, of which fragments amounting to 2 lbs. were picked up. 'The aerolite fell, on the evening of the 1st of Dec. 1848, in the yard of Mr. Atkins, plumber &c., Fisherton, near Salisbury.'" "Last evening, about ten o'clock a sudden storm...." Salisbury and Winchester Journal, December 2, 1848, p. 4 c. 3. Fowler, Richard. "Fall of a Supposed Aerolite." Salisbury and Winchester Journal, December 9, 1848, p. 4 c. 3. "During a storm of rain, hail, thunder, and lightning, which occurred about eight o'clock on Friday, the 1st of Dec., a servant girl in the wash-house of Mr. J. Atkins, painter, plumber, and glazier, Fisherton, was scared by a loud crash as of a heavy body having fallen and been broken on the pavement in the yard adjoining. Owing to the darkness of the night, she could not ascertain by what the crash had been produced, but early on the following morning she found scattered about the yard fragments which appeared as if of an iron-stone, the external surfaces rounded and polished—the internal radiating to many centres. Some of the rounded prominences of the stone have blistered appearance, not unlike some specimens of Chalcedony. None of these fragments (of which Mr. Atkins picked up about one pound twelve ounces) had the slightest influence on a magnetic needle. Numerous other fragments reduced to powder were not collected, but unfortunately swept away."]


1848 Dec 4, about / Appearance great sunspot / On Dec 25, was a N.E. spot. / Galignani's Messenger, Jan 2, 1849. [II; 1257. (Galignani's Messenger, January 2, 1849; not found here.)]


1848 Dec 11 / From 5:38 p.m. to 6:50 p.m., many large mets with trains at Parma. / BA 51-4. [II; 1258. Powell, Baden. "On Observations of Luminous Meteors." Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1851, 1-52, at 4-5. These meteors were observed at Aix-la-Chapelle, (not at Parma).]


1848 Dec 13 / by Lord Rosse / 3 new stars in neb. of Andromeda / Nature 32/465. [II; 1259. "The New Star in Andromeda." Nature,  32 (September 17, 1885): 465-466.]


1848 Dec 25 / Sunspot / See Dec. 4. [II; 1260. See: 1848 Dec 4, (II; 1257).]


1848 Dec 27 / [LT], 3-f / Aurora / Dec alone / B.M. [II; 1261. "Aurora Borealis." London Times, December 27, 1848, p. 3 c. 6.]


1848 Dec. 27 / (F) / Shie, Krogstadt, Norway / Metite / BA '60. [II; 1262. Fletcher, 101. Greg, 87. This is the Ski meteorite.]

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